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Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Microfilm  Editor 

Gregory  Field 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Lisa  Gitclman 
Leonard  DeGraaf 
Dennis  D.  Madden 

Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Mary  Ann  Hellrigel 
Paul  B.  Israel 
Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Gregory  Janku  nls 
Douglas  G.  Tan- 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Bethesda,  Maryland 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Microfilm  Editor 

Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 

Helen  Endick 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Research  Associates 

Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Karen  A.  Detig 

Assistant  Editors 

Keith  A.  Nier 
Gregory  Field 
Lisa  Gltclman 
Martha  J.  King 


Grace  Kurkowski 

Gregory  Jankunls 

Student  Assistant 

Bethany  Jankunls 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of 
New  Jersey 

Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foley 
Rudolph  M.  Bell 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

National  Park  Service 
John  Maounls 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Nancy  Waters 
George  Tseios 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.  Molelia 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
Alfred  D.  Chandler,  Jr.,  Harvard  University 
Neil  Harris,  University  of  Chicago 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Arthur  Link,  Princeton  University 
Nathan  Reingold,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Robert  E.  Schofield,  Iowa  State  University 


William  C.  Hittinger  (Chairman),  RCA  Corporation 
Edward  J.  Bloustein,  Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  * 
Cees  Bruynes,  North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Paul  J.  Christiansen,  Charles  Edison  Fund 
Philip  F.  Dietz,  Westinghouse  Electric  Corporation 
Roland  W.  Schmitt,  General  Electric  Corporation 
Harold  W.  Sonn,  Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 



The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 


National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the  Humanities 
National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 
Amerada  Hess  Corporation 

Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies,  Inc. 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of 
New  York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Coming  Glass  Works  Foundation 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  Systems) 

Exxon  Corporation 
Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 
General  Electric  Foundation 
Gould  Inc.  Foundation 
Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 
Idaho  Power  Company 
International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Iowa  Power  and  Light  Company 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
McGraw-Edison  Company 
Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 

Philips  International  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas 
RCA  Corporation 
Robert  Bosch  GmbH 
Rochester  Gas  and  Electric 

San  Diego  Gas  &  Electric 
Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 
Schering-Plough  Foundation 
Texas  Utilities  Company 
Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 
Thomson  Grand  Public 
Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 
Westinghouse  Educational  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


R66l  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected’ 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Company  of 
New  York  (D-90-29) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York.  Many  of  the 
letters  pertain  to  canvassing  plans  and  construction  work  on  new  central 
stations  for  Manhattan.  Also  included  is  a  report  by  Eaton  &  Lewis,  the 
company’s  lawyers,  regarding  vibration  and  noise  at  central  stations.  Most  of 
the  letters  are  by  Richard  R.  Bowker,  first  vice-president,  and  J.  B.  Skehan 
treasurer.  Many  of  them  are  addressed  to  Arthur  E.  Kennelly,  Edison’s  chief 
electrician.  Some  of  the  documents  may  be  partially  illegible  due  to  faded  ink 
and  water  damage. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of 
acknowledgement  and  transmittal;  meeting  announcements;  other  routine 
business  correspondence;  galley  proofs  of  the  company’s  annual  report  to  its 
stockholders  for  1889. 


•  .  -V  .  .  ;;Y  .  ;  *5. 

H»»mra.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

S.  b.  Baton, 

0.  Goddard. 

Gentleman  : 

I  bog  to  advise  you  that  the  tn«>a|0M* 
of  the  Mutual  Mf.  Insurance  Go*,.*  ,f  **,  for  g|^ 

dated  November  19th,  1881,  i.  oano.llsd  this  <V< 

loan  of  $3o, 000*  whieh  it  oovored  having  boss  pat*  «*  disc-harped 
of  record. 

Tours  vsry  tn 

Cm  .  L+ 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York, 


General  Office,  4 32  Fifth  Avenue, 

THIRD  DISTRICT,  117-UU  WEST  39™  ST., 


New  York , 

ThO  Jai3  i. ttisOU  is;j, 

Llmls*  Park.  Creui*e,  J. 

•  In  response  to  your  inquiry  ad  bo  the  amount  ana  oust 

oi'  oopjwr  figured.  for  proposed  new  Oeneral  ioaiiou  to  ?s*el  80.  disi- 
rioo,  i  find  that  .Pr.  Van  Vliok,  the  lleotriciau  at  toe  uptown  Offioe, 
reOaoned  o:i  4eOO  1  jib  of  i-t  aders,  bo  supply  a  8  wire  ays'; *01,  toe  neutral 
o-sioo  about  a  third  (  c<TLoer  oenb.  )  op  Positive  ana  nag* t tv*,  which 
figured  out  in  i*ound  iiurn'oers  360,000  pounds  cupper,-  which  at  19  seats 
Ooaas  to  8  65,400. 

This  is  011  the  oasis  oP  tile  present  lamp,  15  to  the  horse  power, 
oP  255  resistance. 

I  ini  sending  to  Prof.  Kenually  a  memorandum  of  our  conversation 
with  you  011  Thursday,  whi'oh  I 
verify  before  vour  denar  tore,; 
time  to  verify  it,  so  that  vie 

Thanking  you  oil  my  own 
ing  you  on  Thursday,  I  am 


hope  you  will  have  time  to  look  over  and 
if  not,  I  hope  Prof.  Kennelly  oan  find 
may  have  your  important  word  in  definite 

ora*//  yours. 

(0.  O.  (3(rw^hcA, 

First  VI oe  President"1. 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York, 

'C°TsS'l°S‘  General  Office ,  432  Fifth  Avenue, 

DISTRICT.  .17.40-B!  WEST  80th  ST.. 

D  DISTRICT,  117-ISO  WEST  30th  ST.. 


. . . .  New  York,  f3'o.  a,  1590  . 

Prof.  a.  iiv  Xennelly. 

“Idi3on’s  Laboratory.  Orange,  fl.  J. 

My  dear  Sir  . 

Ill  the  first  plaoe  let  me  thank  you  heartily  for  the-  1 
oourtesy  shorn  a  naw.ooaar,  at  the  Laboratory,  011  Thursday  laat.  ■  ' 

I  fear  that  I  left  behind  me  the  rough  memoranda  whioh  I  took 
of  your  figuring  as  to  the  copper.  I  should  he  greatly  obliged  if  you- 
oould  give  as  that  in  detail,  for  my  01m  information— or  eduoaiiouj 
I  send  you  here.nith  a  memorandum  of  our  conversation  with  Mr. 
idison,  as  I  understood  it.  Kill  you  kindly,  look  over  it,  and  verify 
it,  noth  as  to  the  eleotrioal  terms  and  as  to  the  aoouraoy  of  the  oon  - 

a.  'Y^a.  cXxa.  w******  c*i*ooo 

versas ion  so  far  as  you  heard  it;  and  if  it  is  praotioable  to  get. Mr  .  - 
iidison,  in  the  little  time  he  has  at  his  disposal  before  starting,  also 
to  look  over  it  for  verification,  I  hope  you  will  see  that  it  fsi,vdone. 

I  look  forward  with  pleasure  to  haying  oooasion  to  ooae  to  the 
laboratory  now  and  then,  in  the  oourse  of  the  solution  of  the  important 
problems  wnioh  we  are  now  facing  in  Hew  York,  i  should' be  glad'  tb’ know,  e.t  », 
what  is  the.  most  convenient  hour  for  you  people  at  the  Laboratory,  .-Bhouddr,. 

I  have  oooasion  to  make  any  inquiries  without  making  previ dud -appoint 
meut,  and  I  beg  to  assure  you  that  I  should  take  no  unnecessary  time  in  • 
any  suoh  conversation.  -Vihen  people  are  .working^as  Kr/idison  and  his 
o&afi  are,  for  the  good  of.  the  world  at  large  and  posterity  in  general,- 

small  fraction 

io  is  not  fair  that  their  time  should  be  monopolized  t 
of  present  humanity. 

,  Very  trul/j  yours,  i;i 

(0.  (Oi.  63  trwvfog/v 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York, 

central  stations.  General-  Office.,  4.32  Fifth  Avenue, 

RICT>  I  604I9LIb1rTY  ST., 

0  DISTRICT,  47.40.S1  WEST  SSth  ST.. 

RD  DISTRICT,  1I7-II0  WEST  99..  ST„ 


Aidta.  Bk.  3.  New  York,  pah.  14,  1890  . 

Prof.  2..  Kennelly. 

Edison’s  Laboratory ' • 

Ora ago,  X  J. 

My  dear  3ir-/t  — 

1  have  delayed  thanking  you  for  your  oour teams  replies  to 
iny  uorts,  and  for  the  returu  of  the  Report -from  Mr,.  Edison,  until  after  a 
meeting  of  our.  Board  -of  Directors,  -  so-  that  .1  oould  give  you  «or»  definite 
word  as  to-  the  canvass;  let  me  now  thank  you  for  your  prompt  oourfcssy  in 
tha  wiole  matter,  and  repeat  that  ■  it  sill  give  me  great  pleasure  to- 
ooue  Into.-  relation  with  you  oaraouaUy -again  when  :33  have  ooaaai:ou  to- visit 
the- Laboratory.  .35  understood  of  cour3a  that  Mr,  Edison  £3  ao/t  t<r  be  dis¬ 
turbed  when  ha  Is  engaged  la  speoial  work,  and  ay  query  was  as  to-  the  hour 
when  I  oould  moat  conveniently  see  you  or  other  mem'oecsof  the  Staff,  should 
I  have  oooaiJlou  to  come  out  without  previous  appointment. 

L  enclose  herewith  «h*  average  load  diagram  of  our  First  Disbriot 
main  Station,  for  a  fair  24  hours,  as  oalled  for  in  your  favor  to-  Mr.  Baggs, 
of  February  10th,  and  trust  it  will  sarve  the  pucpoe?  required. 

In  regard  to  the  eleotrioal  canvass  of  the  oortion  of  Sew  York  below 
Eighth  Street,  we  find  that  a  oanvass  on  the  soale  of  that  furnished  to. Mr. 
Edison: from. Milwaukee  would  consume  months  at  a  very  large  cost,  and 
■would  not  even  then  be  fully  satisfactory  as  tfct  percentage  of  the  light  sup¬ 
ply  which  m  should  be  able  to  obtain  tor  till-.,  Ooupauy  is  so  indeterminate 
in  itself  I  have  directed  however,  that  one  of  Mr.  Sargent's  men,  who-  I 
understand  Mr.  Edison  prefers  should,  be  put.  in  charge  of,  any  oanvass  here. 

Prof.  A.  E.  Kennelly. 

p.  2. 

Feb. -14,  1390 

should --be  asked  to-  meet  me .  tu-aorrcvr  morning,  and  am  authorized  by  the  Board 
.of.  Directors  tavstairt  aroauva-as  which  jrauld  give  as  an  approximate  -  notion  of 
the  distribution  of .load,  and  I  will  report  te  you  further  after  my  oouvaraa- 
tlon.  with  hiiiu,. 

I  laid  the  Report  of  the  oonyaraatlon -with  Mr.  Edison,  and  your;  ao  - 
: ooinpaiiying.. letter,  before  the  Board  of  Dlreotona  in  full,, and  have  tor,  thank 
you  on  their  behalf,  •:$  shall  have  some  further,  question's  to'  ask' from  the 
Laboratory  in  this. matter,  .and  shall  hope  during  next  weak- to-  make  a-oall 
on  you  with  that  purpose  in  view. 

Again  thanking  you  for  your  courteous  attention,  I  am 
Very  truly  .yours  i, 

O.  O.  O 

First  Vice  Pna  slide  at  . 

-(Snolosure. ) 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York, 

General  Office,  4 32  Fifth  Avenue , 

SECOND  OISTRICT,  47  40-51  WEST  20th  ST., 

THIRD  OISTRICT,  117-110  V/EST  30tm  ST., 


New  York , 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York, 

General  Office ,  432  Fifth  Avenue , 

.  . . .  c.e^~.  NcivYork,  .  March  S,  I860. 

■Dear  Professor  .Kennel  ly:- 

Iir  vDe.w  of  thereoent  determination  of  our 
Board  of  .Directors  to  :  supply  theso-oalled:53rdSt.  District  from  the 
S9ttt  St.  Station,  requiring  the  readjustment  of  the  existing  -feeders 
and  the  determination  and  laying  of  new  connecting  feeders  from  the 
'SjJtttiStatlan,  and  also:  of  the  faot  that  the  Department  of  Publiic  Horks 
proposes  tooompeljus  to  do  this  work  before  they  gat  at  the  repaving 
-  of- tbe  streets,  ;it  is  most  important  that  we  should  have  an.eariy  de¬ 
termination -of  the^aizes  of  feeders  and  mains  required  uptown  and  in 
our  other  new  work  and  should  have  the  beat  eleotrloal  advice  on  the 
subject  that  we  oould  get;  Mr.  Johneon  has  therefore  proposed  that  we 
should  ask  you,  Mr.  Field,  and  others,  a*  well  as  those  of  this  Company 
who-  are  informed  on  this  part  of  our  work,  to  oome  together  early  next 
week  @’wheil^ should  have  the  data  in  shape  for  you  to:oonf  irm  or  modl- 
!fy  ~  or  “PWI  if  you  please,—  the  general  plans  that  will  be  submitted. 
Could .you  make  it  convenient  to  bB  in  New  York  say  Tuesday  afternoon 
93*  evening,  next  week,  and  would  you  prefer  to  oome  sb«-  for  luncheon 
or  dtnnor,  or  betwixt  add  between  ?  if  not  Tuesday,  what  other  day 
noxt  week  would  suit  you  ?  We  oan  then  have  everything  in  shape  for 
Mr.  Edison’s  final  word  if  he  returns, as  I  hear  is  expaoted,  the  latter 
past ■ of  next  week. 

The  Immediate  reason  for  haste  is  the  neoessity  of  placing 
•Tders  at  once  with  the  Machine  Works,  which  orders  oa'n  soafceely  wait 
r Mr.  Boggs’  return,  as  was  originally  planned.  Mr.  Kruesi  is  urging  us 

KaToh  3^.  tl890.. 

to- give  him  the  earliest  possible  word  as  to  this  season^  orderB. 
Truly  yours, 

O .Q.Qo^sWok 

Pro i.  A.  E.  Kennelly. 

Edison's  Laboratory. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

•  -  ‘•-'••V-  t.-i  U;  .  r.T t  -;9S  is  tna  .i. 

•  OT  USticd  if  ViiU  -  \ it " -  - f  tr:..  “■  ? >».S- *.  Si$$  it  |*t;  J ;  Jjj;, 

Could  you  »fk»  It  ’.vil  i:-  ■■  Si;  i  a?!***** 

or  ewsnlra,  ».»*t  p#»a,  -^-r^  d~  ****  ?**  i*. 

or  dinner,  #t  «uf  .-j-W  v,  •  *s-i.  ,.3,. 

next  aesk  W  HU  *■»  *  %  ««-•  t*#«  **•,-  *••••»?•;*?*»*  **.  *,»*#  «**• 

»r.  ««i«43,»  firr.t  «? rtf  ?  j-  f  !j  --  -  r  i* 

(ttrt'tf  #**»  -v*  « 

?*H  ...  -..f,.*,,.  j;.4  a#  t-isas.-a 

K^r*  at  t-i ; 
fl.  '*.***«'  rc 

; 4;  •  ?'-h-  ^ ;*h 

i-iJiitl;  .iits u*%.  %r.  An-sh  t.:  *ra*;.£  <*s* 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York, 

Pro*.  'A.  ’S..  Kenneliy. 

Bdiaenfs  Laboratory. 

orange,  •»..  Js. 

My  dear  Sir**-' 

I  thank  youfor  your  favor  of  Makoh  7th  returning  ny 
report  to  the  Dlreotors,  of  whloh  I  sbaSlbe  glad  to  furnish  a  oopy 
to  Mr.  Mlson  on  his  return  as  you  suggest.  1  note  the  oorreotlons 
aM  suggestions  whloh  you  have  kindly  node  and  shall-  be  gag. pleased 
tobring  then  to-  theattentionofour  -Direotora^  although  may  their 
opinion  is  so  definitely  in  if avor  of  two  Stations  rather  than  one  for 
the  dlstrlet  south  of  Eighth  street  that  it  seems  improbable  the  deci¬ 
sion  in  favor  of  two  Stations  will, be  ohahged.  Xhls  opinion  isoon- 
****•*'^■••10*  theoazperta  who-  harve  .baon  loonaolted  in  the  natter 
an  a  nunber  of  questions  ^  aawall  as  tbs  aasotrioal  ons^artioulariy 
the  possibility  that  sone  kiad  of  a  breakdown  in  a  single  central. 
Station; for:  that  dlstrlet  would  loanee  Inf  ini  to  datoage. 

m-  trust  thatyouwil&besble  to  ba  wl  tb  aa  at  *-.16  .  Broad  St. 
on  visdnssdafr  at  eleven  oeleek  when  this  question  nay  inoldentally  oona 
up,  although  the  :neln  subftsot  iter  dlsoussion  is  one  of  the  nop,  size 
aM  ahaTaetar  of feeders  >f or  the  uptown  dlstrlot. 

(ToElTY  C2  c 




16  tL  18  BROAD  8TREET. 

New  York,  March  ioth,  1890. 

To  the  Stockholders  of  the  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Company  of  New  York; 

In  pursuance  of  action  taken  by  the  stockholders,  the  capital  stock  of  this  Company 
has  been  increased  from  $2,600,000  to  «4,Soo,ooo;  and  $2,000,000  of  5  per  cent,  convertible 
first  mortgage  gold  bonds  (interest  payable  semi-annually,  on  the  first  days  of  September  and 
March)  have  been  issued  upon  the  present  and  future  property  of  the  Company  in  this  City 
below  Seventieth  Street.  Said  bonds  are  part  of  a  series  of  $5, 000, 000  bonds  (the  remainder 
being  reserved  for  future  extensions,  and  not  to  be  issued  until  authorized  by  the  stockholders), 
and  are  convertible  into  stock  at  par,  at  the  option  of  their  holders  severally,  on  the  21st  days 
of  January  or  July  in  any  year  between  1892  and  1895  inclusive,  upon  ninety  days  notice. 
Should  the  Company  be  unable  or  fail  to  make  such  conversion,  the  principal  of  all  the  bonds 
may  at  once  be  declared  due  and  payable  with  twenty  per  centum  premium  added,  in  addition 
to  any  interest  accrued,  according  to  the  terms  of  the  mortgage,  but  instead  of  accepting  such 
payment  the  holder  may  insist  upon  such  conversion  if  the  Company  be  legally  competent 
to  make  it. 

Whenever  seventy-five  per  centum  of  the  bonds  shall  have  been  converted,  the  Com¬ 
pany  may  require  the  holders  of  the  remaining  bonds  either  to  convert  the  same  or  to  accept 
payment  thereof  at  one  hundred  and  ten  per  centum  of  their  face  value,  and  accrued  interest, 
at  the  option  of  such  holders  severally,  and  at  any  time  after  1900,  whether  seventy-five  per 
centum  shall  have  been  converted  or  not,  the  Company  may  require  the  holders  of  the  out¬ 
standing  bonds  to  accept  payment  thereof  at  one  hundred  and  ten  percentum  of  their  face  value, 
and  accrued  interest. 

The  stock  and  bonds  and  their  proceeds  are  intended  to  be  used  to  provide  for  the 
outlays  of  the  Company  already  made  for  the  enlargement  of  the  second  and  third  districts 
uptown,  and  also  for  the  fourth  district,  representing  in  all  about  $600,000,  (partly  represented 
by  exisisting  bonds  which  will  be  retired)  and  to  make  further  important  extensions  of  and 
additions  to  the  system  in  the  territory  south  of  Seventieth  Street,  as  may  be  deemed  desirable 
by  your  Board  of  Directors. 

There  is  urgent  need  for  all  the  work  now  contemplated,  and  your  Directors  are  of 
the  opinion  that  it  will  add  so  largely  to  the  Company’s  revenue  as  fully  to  justify  the  estimated 
outlay  involved. 

Under  arrangements  made  with  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company,  from  which  this 
Company  derives  its  license,  the  Board  of  Directors  are  enabled  to  offer  to  the  stockholders  of 
this  Company  the  right  to  participate  in  the  purchase  of  new  bonds  and  stock,  on  the  basis  of 
$1,000  bond  ) 

,  f  for  $i,25o  cash. 

$400  stock  ) 

The  said  stock  is  to  be  entitled  to  participate  in  dividends  declared  after  January,  1891. 

The  said  cash  payment  of  s  i  .25o  is  to  be  made  as  follows: 

#125  on  application,  when  bonds  (or  scrip)  for  si25  will  be  delivered. 

S25o  on  May  ist,  1890,  when  bonds  (or  scrip)  for  $25o  will  be  delivered. 

#300  when  called  for  on  ten  days  notice  by  mail,  but  not  earlier  than  July  ist,  1890, 
and  when  such  call  is  paid,  #300  bonds  (or  scrip)  will  be  delivered. 

<325  when  called  for  on  ten  days  notice  by  mail,  but  not  earlier  than  September  ist, 
1890,  and  when  such  call  is  paid,  $325  bonds  (or  scrip)  will  be  delivered. 

#25o  when  called  for  on  ten  days  notice  by  mail,  but  not  earlier  than  December  ist, 
1890,  and  when  such  call  is  paid,  $400  stock  will  be  delivered. 

Interest  on  bonds  and  payments  therefor  (i.  e.,  on  the  first,  second,  third  and  fourth 
payments  above  set  forth)  will  be  adjusted  at  five  per  centum  per  annum  on  each  delivery. 

Ronds  are  in  coupon  form  and  for  s  1 ,000  each  and  can  be  registered  as  to  principal. 

No  application  will  be  received  for  less  than  one  bond  and  four  shares  of  stock,  and 
all  applications  must  be  for  these  amounts,  or  some  multiple  thereof. 

A  receipt  will  be  issued  when  the  first  payment  is  made,  and  further  payments  and 
deliveries  of  securities,  when  and  as  made,  will  be  endorsed  thereon. 

The  instructions  from  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  are  that  this  Company  shall 
offer  the  stock  and  bonds  to  its  stockholders  to  an  amount  equivalent  to  the  amount  of  their 
present  holdings,  as  nearly  as  practicable,  and  you  are  accordingly  notified  that  you  are  entitled 
to  purchase  on  the  foregoing  basis,  S  /  0  0  0  bonds,  and  i  jts  —  stock,  for  $  /-£  S~2>  — 
In  case  you  desire  to  avail  of  this  right,  you  must  sign  and  return  the  enclosed  application  to 
the  undersigned,  at  the  address  given  below,  on  or  before  April  10th,  1890,  with  a  cheque  for 
the  first  payment  of  #125  on  each  bond  subscribed  for,  say  S 

plus  one  month  and  nine  days  interest  accrued  to  April  10th,  1890,  on 
#  bonds,  at  S5.40  per  bond,  for  which  a  certificate  exchangeable  into 

bonds  bearing  interest  from  March  ist,  1890,  will  be  delivered  to  you  at  once _ 

In  all  S 

Any  stockholders  desiring  to  assign  their  rights,  may  do  so  on  the  enclosed  blank. 
Arrangements  have  been  made  to  dispose  elsewhere  of  any  bonds  and  stock,  as  above,  not 
purchased  by  the  stockholders  or  their  assigns. 

By  order  of  the  Board  of  Directors, 

J.  B.  SKEHAN, 

10th,  1890.  Treasurer. 

New  York,  March 


W-O  .  -  Vcdch^ 

Epril  5,  1890. 

<p\  L  A 


My  deaf  Mr,  Tate  ; 

Mr,  Peabody  has  received  your  valued  favor  of  the  3rd 
iat,,  and  asks  me  to  write  you  to  eay  that  he  krill  be  at  the 
Station  on  Tuesday  evening,  and  if  Mr,  Edison  ean  make  it  eon. 
venient,  he  should  be  very  glad  to  have  him  dine  with  him,  as 
before  stated. 

He  also  wishes  te  say  that  he  would  like  to  have  one  or 
two  gentlemen ’ meet  Mr.  Edison,  and  desires  to  ask  if  there  is 
anyone  he  would  be  pleased  te  meet;  if  yeu  will  name  the  party, 
Mr.  Peabody  will  invite  thasu 

If  you  ean  telephone*  Monday  definitely  ns  te  Mr. 

Edison*  a  plan#,  it  will  be  *  great  faver.  { /uV 

Mr.  A.  o.  Tate, 



16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 


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xy'irC&dj  . 

(0.  (Q  o'vvCoca  . 


tortl  MU,  IM» 

Thomas  A.  JMleon,  t«Q. , 

Orange,  M.  J. 

Mjr  dear  Mr.  Edison  i 

t  have  to  thank  you  for  th»  hour  | 
while  you  sera  under  eu»h  pressure  of  work,  and  to  g 
delight  to  find  that,  contrary  to  the  usual  eaperieaaw  with  tha 
inventive  temperament,  the  *  Wisard  of  Invent iaft  •  wswalao  ft 
business  man  Of  far-seeing  views', and  she  s*wM  % 

business  point*. 


I  confess  that*  with  war  aloes  ■  frpiMt  M>  -f 

got  your  idea  of  a  canvas*  as  I  had  sot  grasped  it  to  Um  gSMMl 
conversation  of  sous  weeks  ego,  X  now  nndTSl—  wfcatpsa  want 

9T9  two  maifi  fifcjt*  r 

first  t  The  msgisHm  lighting  at  early  dark,  «f  the  shortest 

days,  say  at  M#K  1,  December  lBth,  so  as  tw  gisw  thssaseat  sf 
copper  rsfuiwsd  for  the  magi mm  lead,  whish  esppor  egg  to  wtosoM 
«s«  for  a  35  par  e*«t,  drop  at  that  tins,  since  ooly  t  wwVper 
sent,  drop  would  Ms  involved  at  other  seasons  of  tW  fWSCW 

8soond  1  The  number  or  lamp  hours,  to-  girs  you  the  prwhaMw 
fast*  of  the  money  income. 

X  understand  that  eueh  a  canvass  can  bo  Mtdo  by  ffrtrt- 

Tfcoaae  A*  Wen*  % 

mation  at  any  tine  of  the  year  Ay  Dlltiu  f*r  (Mm«  Ida  »Mg> 
WwtCd  an  mr  or  ttto  earlier  in  the  gag*  .$£■£**  ':h  ?  fr 

1  Have  tHie  nerving  Man  Mr,  Naetinga  *Wl«A«  mm  T  the 
mj>s  for  tHe  previous  oanraea  «f  whiah  yon  apiMl,  Aa*  g*  having 
bine  prints  aaie  from  the  eioth  oepieei  Mr,  neatft^fg  Ham  titm 
directed  *  teireh  to  be  mde  far  the  original  ••araeeiag  hneke, 
eMeh  he  *uppas*»  to  m  in  a  eault  in  the  tredaee  Baanataga,  f  w 
intending  also  to  give  order*  this  nf tornado  In  fat  ataw£geed  tm 
▼aasers  m  import  mi  atnteta,  Ota  year  pSaa,  to  gee  Hao  fAf  ttaay 
gira  different  reaaUA  groat  tin  mm  oflya  aM  He*  far  i«*Aey  «* 
eaeadeers  to  martui  tha  territory*.  , 

*  **•«*'**  te  Aina  Heaoyart  that  yea  aggnmgiediao 
paeniiawtitH  vtaldH  oak#  a  scientific  deterttnaaaoa  l*felfe%#tor* 
leea  available  tftaa  In  neat  Villa*,  in  |Ha  aaaat  laamian  of  a 
station*  As  yon  ***,  property  n  often  htM  VMM*  •«*  !*£  *»a* 
OHJ1  Hettaaae  it  la  not  ttw  Ugi  ^l«M  — «T-— -gr  «n  M,  aa Ml 

Uoioa  ym  gamier  any  «~*nl%t  Mgttta*  i*r#erta*«gnevtat 
n*  *****  at  «iH  Bae&Ada  ^  Mf>«  e*  Hi^gaa.oaoar  to  tea 
aa*  development  ef  *aaa  <jfd*r  par* a  of  tea  -pity,  *htl»  go  «da 
ottaor  hand,  there  eta  certain  dietnete,  ata«h  go  the  mmHmi 
Henf*  quarter*,  «k*re  there  la  no  “fttftnr  of  «  OMMM'/aH«  4m«i 
********  t9*  Xightiag*  Again  there  ia  «a**a»  ee*emie»  la 
Ago  Ter*,  end  while  f  held  ft»U*  n«H  yea  that  the  Motion  gyeteo 
Hefre  the  winning  ward  in  the  long  fta  «  else  t  ahonld  aet  kna 

•  flMpaM  A*  3* 

•OM  into  it  -  1  do  sot  think  m  ooa  #** *** •***ot«l»  diatasoo  «r  oom 
potitor*  to  tho  «itnt  «f  getting  all  *«-  HjMlM  •  lb  m 

hkhda.  Homomr  thorn  1«  tho  *}«n(  of 
Brookiyn,  for  iMtiMt,  tho  pooplo  Old  not 

oxpeotod  th*jr  would,  so  that  tho  tatlMM  It  lVt|Hfcir  ||  motlwr 
direction  from  that  whloh  waa  oapootad*  and  Mm  or  tfc tM  |)Mon 
are  taking  the  groatar  part  of  tho  huoisodt,  loOVlaf  SOWS*  Or 
eight  Othortf  'working  aw  eh  below  tholr  mi  toots. 

m  viww  of  au  thio,  wit  hr  wool  or  *M«  t  asdovstswl  goo 
t#  «*r*o,  *no  in  Yiww  of  tho  ftjrtnor  ra«t  thotss  tihmi,u  till* 
•rcngtotf  altr,  hnf  roal  owtato  just  Whom  on  want  i%  tat  aaat  taka 
What  o»  nan  got,  and  that  vo  ham  to  go  Into  aortal*  ofwSstOriefct 
•wag  hofor*  tawing  coanonooo,  I  ham  boas  ooat  *uiatt»*t^gof 

*ppr»*i**tv  Wn»armi6«t  i«no  Whiwh  mooli  tmitf  tho  aiMAM  Mn> 
faapodly  nwfO  In  Ineeting  tho  uptown  otstigaa  am  m  ostihlfc  so 
to  fig  on  •*•  downtown  ktation  loa&tlsa  ah*  got  how  a«M(  Aoso  is  mm 
of  the  st foots  Y*tho*t  40lk|«  A.  eh  duty  mold  prowast  «sr  gottisg 
1»  dfcopo  rail  to  Asm  sow,  oo  our  m*  oapitrt,  «i>t  ao  is 
•  had  poaiuoo  in  the  safkot.  -u 

if  we  wot^isJ  sstss  $w  soot  or  thd  stvwot*, ao  Aw  bass 
planned,  thorn  will  « Vi  don  tig  bo  Ssoogh  ooppor  #*r  alSOSt  Mf  ‘ 
*•*"*  of  taaimas,  otpoeisil,  with  tho  domlopmst  or  t*a  u* 

***  is  Pfogrobid  do  god  sot  think  thorn**,  tho*  w.  eos  Mfolf  «. 

•***  on  this  bt*i.  is  the  at  root*,  Iwaoia,  tho  fooiom.  is 

Vfeorn*  A*  seaotu  4. 

oo«t  oant,  for  a*tonolR*t*«o  oo  you  iuuw«  #  -■.***«-•.  ^ 

™*  two  *****  «»r  *1*  * 

India ated  to  »ou,  «1J  !*▼#  tty»  o«r«)t*«*  of  Qfpg IWM* 
ablo  diatanoo  ottl^  a*d  jot  Alt'  *»*  fMtTr  OB 

aith  t**  aeti*  atroot  ttiUM  anu*  ««»  «**  Iwp 

t«  tho  point  nfctfit  j<m  Hf*«t  to 
wnttt,  .,  (v 


1  wr4t*  **W*  fbUlr  hook***  1  «*  *MtO»o  that  ootfclno 
ihouU  no  dooo  4n  «hd  H»«  tort  «M#fc  tl  «|«W1MU  to 

:raar  OR  th*  otkot*  hood,  ft  to  t»t|  tootroMo  to  tot 

thing*  wall  «l<ma  far  ov*  Spring  and  tutor  «*■«•  **  ••  to  tt**?  ’- 
tb*  eoopoo t  ia  good  bttMttftr  «at*g»,  «ti«,  f  »U**f M 

e  bu«iao*.  a***  *****  typ^ui#,  .,  .  ' 

tfnlf  jrotrt, 


no*  »»MMa»W‘,  ,  4. 


16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

J.  B.  SKEHAN, 


April  aath,  1030. 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Raq., 

Orange,  N„  d. 

My  dear  Sir  : 

I  thank  y <m  tor  your  rarer  tad  note  yon*  word  to  confer 
With  Mr,  Henderson  on  thd  remits  of  oaWaee  ha  fore  they  done  to 

you  kindly  )et  oh-  knqd  whether  you  hays  tried  the 
experiment*  in  the  laboratory  stash  Tith  the  electrified  vires  for 
eatohing  the  solid  product*  or  Coobuetiqn,  TW  may  be  Interested 
to  khow  that  we  tried  *  wire  gauze  et  the  top  Of  the  k taek  in  the 
Sftth  Street  station  with  fair  audosse  until  the  «et  vest her  same, 
vhen  the  water  accumulated  about  the  Wires  of  the  netting  to  eneh 
an  extant  as  to  interfere  with  the  tr*ft  tery  ns rl on sly,  and  to 
rsquire  the  immediate  removal  of  the  netting  to  glee  sufficient 
steam  for  the  engine*.  W*  are  now  propoeing  to  try  a  wire  netting 
at  tha  bottom  of  the  steak,  boV  should  be  glad  to  base  earliest 
word  from  you  autborlzlng  us  to  go  forward  with  your  auggsatioa  if 
the  plaa  works  successfully. 

We  are  replacing  the  leather  belting  with  cotton  faced 
belting  to  decided  ad rant  age,  and  ar#  also  about  tOitry  placing  a 
layer  of  hair  felt  under  ths  dynamos  to  remedy  any  possible  com- 

'fhftmas  A,  Bdieon,  Sscj*  2, 

municatioti  of  vibrations  from  than  to  the  walls  of  ths  Wilding* 
tfc*  Wow  sahanot  hood  on  th*  Qbth  Street  Station,  of 
*hl*!h  t  ehowad  you  th»  vl«^r  has  mitigated  ttw  hdise  considerably 
but  not  ourod  it,  ad  yon  indicated,  pbtf  w«  are  proposing  to  go 
forward  with  the  plane  tq*  throwing  thh  into  a  tank  of  some 

afort  additional  to  that  already  in  oks  at  the  station,  either  in 
tha  shape  or  a  oietorn  in-tfts  yard,  or  a  not  typo  of  heater,  or  a 
tank  of  ordinary  Oflirtstruotioft. 

^  mention  thaws  poihid  so  that  you  may  posted  jnat 
as  to  whftt  w«  srp  <tp*ftg  In  the  In^ftotion  oO*e. 

th»ly  you  re, 


Jfcn-  A' '/, 

New  York  City,  May  7,  1890. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

ti inmf.  +•  „  Please  find  enclosed  our  opinion  rendered  to  t 

Illuminating  Co.  regarding  nuisance  caused  by  vibration  or  nois 
You  may  be  interested  to  see  what  the  established  rules  of  law 
are  as  regards  nuisances  from  these  causes. 

Very  t — 



—  of  — 

upon  Nuisances  by  Vibration  and 
Noise. prepared  for  the  Edison 
Electric  Illuminating  Company  of 
New  York. 

Dated,  May  5th,  1890. 



This  opinion  is  prepared  for  the  general  information  of  the 
Officers  of  the  Company,  and  not  as  an  exhaustive  treatise  upon  the  sub-’ 
jeot  of  nuisances,  or  upon  the  special  kind  of  nuisanoes  produced  by  vi¬ 
bration  and  noise.  We  have  not,  therefore,  attempted  to  review  all  the 
cases  upon  the  subject,  even  within  this  jurisdiction.  The  authorities 
cited  are  such  only  as  express  what  seem  to  us  to  be  settled  ’legal  con¬ 
clusions,  and  to  have  a  practical  bearing  upon  what  the  officers  of  the 
Company  may  have  occasion  to  practically  consider.  ,v:  i", 


The  general  nature  of  an  actionable  nuisance. 

•  For  the  purpose  of  the  kind  of  nuisance  which  alone  we  nefjd 

practically  consider,  a  nuisance  may  be  defined  as  such  unlawful  use  of 
real  property  by  the  owner  or  occupier  thereof  as  will  unreasonably  in-' 
jure  or  annoy  the  owner  or  oocupier  of  other  real  property  in  the  vicineige. 
It  will  be  noticed  that  this  definition  speaks  of  an  unreasonable  an-‘ 
noyance.  It  is  not  every  use  of  property.,  resulting  in  a  certain  amount 
of  annoyance  to  others  that  will  constitute  an  actionable  nuisance.  Every 
dweller  in  a  great  city  is,  to  some  extent,  annoyed  by  certain  of  the 
vibrations  and  sounds  Incident  to  city  life.  Almost  every  occupation 
is  productive  of  a  certain  amount  of 'discomfort  for  those  around.  Thus 
even  the  retail  shop  with  the  crowds  that  commonly  resort  to  it  and  with  : 
the  transportation  of  goods  from  and  to  it,  would  be  productive  of  somV "V 
annoyance  to  the  dwellers  of  a  quiet  residential  neighborhood.  Probably, 
however,  such  a  shop  has  never  been  held  to  be  a  nuisance.  On  the  other 
hand,  an  ordinary  stable  would  undoubtedly  be  considered  a  nuisance  under 
the  same  condition,  provided  it  were  a  public  stable,  conducted  as  such 
stables  commonly  are.  This  distinction  illustrates  the  view  which  the 
Courts  now  uniformly  take-that  the  whole  thing  is  a  matter  of  common, 
sense  to  be  determined  by  the  surroundings  and  conditions.  Exaotly  where 
the  line  is  to  be  drawn  is  a  thing  in  part  to  be  determined  by  previous 



decisions,  and  in  part  by  the  special  circumstances  of  the  case  as  it 

We  shall  not  speak  either  of  public  nuisances  that  is,  nuisances 
affecting  a  great  number  of  people  in  a  similar  way  —  -or  of-  things  which 
are  nuisances  per  se,  except  to  distinguish,  the.  cases  which  we  have  to 
consider.,  from  the  latter  class  of  nuisances. 

I  I. 

The  question  of  neighborhood  as  affecting  the  law  of  nuisance, 

[al  Neighborhood. 

As ■ to  what  is  a  reasonable  use  of  one's  property  must  necessari¬ 
ly  depend  upon  the  oiroumstanoes  of  each  case,  for  a  use  for  a  particular 
purpose  and  in  a  particular  way,  in  one  locality.,  that  would  be  lawful 
and  reasonable,  might  be  unlawful  and  a  nuisance  in  another." 

Wood  on  Nuisance,  2nd  Ed.  Sec.  2. 

Nor  is  this  question  to  be  entirely  determined  by  the  nature  of 
the  neighborhood  when  the  structure  is  erected.  Thus  where  a  slaughter 
house  had  been  erected  without  the  confines  of  the  city  and  the  oity  had 
grown  around  it,  it  was  held  to  have  beoome  a' private  nuisance. 

.  Brady  vs.  Weeks,  3  Barb.  158.  . 

A  corresponding  rule  holds  where  the  case  is  reversed.  Thus  in 
Doellner  vs.  Tynan,  58  How. .Prao.  178.  the  action  was  for  an  injunction. 

The  plaintiff  dwelt  upon  the  portion  of  the  block  between  Stuyvesant 
Street  and  2nd  Avenue,  on  9th  Street,  New  York  City.  He  purchased  his 
property  in  1885.  Defendant  purchased  premises  adjoining  in  1867  and 
erected  an  extensive  horse-shoeing  place.  The  .proof  was  ample  to  show 
that  by  the  noise,  soot,  the  presence  of  horses  &c..,  the  place  was  an¬ 
noying,  to  adjoining  residents.  At  the  time  of  action  brought  [1889,1 
there  was  but  one  house  used  as  a  dwelling  house  exclusively.,  on  the  south 
side  of  that  portion  of  the1  block,  and  none  on  the  north  side.  The  place 
was  partly  occupied  by  stables,  and  partly  by  carpenter  shops  &c.  In 
some  cases  there  were  people  dwelling  over  the  shops.  It  did  not  ap-  * 

pea'r  that  the  market  value  for  plaintiff's  place  had  been  depreciated. 



but  it  did  conclusively  appear  that  defendant's  place  was  more  or  less 
annoying,  in  a  substantial  degree.  It  seemed  that  the  block  had  been  of 
a  more  residential  character  when  plaintiff's  purchased.  The  Court  held 
that  the  business  was  not  a  nuisance  per  se.  Whether  or  not  it  was  a 
nuisance  under  existing  condition  was  a  question  of  evidence,  and  the 
Court  held  that  the  evidence  did  not  show  it  to  be  such.  The  Court 
said,  after  citing  cases;  "These  cases  illustrate  and  sustain  the  pro-1 
"position  that  an  action  will  not  lie,  if  a  lawful  trade,  which  may  be 
"offensive  to  persons  living  in  the  vicinity,  is  carried  on  at  a  proper 
"and  suitable  place.  As  there  cannot  be  any  legalization  of  a  nuisance 
"by  prescription,  and  as  all  offensive  trades  which  have  been  carried  on 
"without  complaint  in  parts  of  the  city.,  remote  at  the  time,  must  yield 
"to  the  advance  of  improvement;  and  although  unobjectionable  when  begun, 
"have  since  become  detrimental  to  the  full  enjoyment  of  other  property., 
"must  nevertheless  be  removed  to  other  parts;  so,  I  think,  that  where  a 
"street  in  a  city  ceases  to  be  used  or  occupied  as  a  place  of  residence, 
"and  is  changed  into  a  place  of  business,  no  one  or  two  persons,  who  may 
"for  any  reason,  desire  to  continue  a  resident  therein,  or  shall  persist 
“in  continuing  to  reside  therein,  should  be  allowed  to  prevent  the  carry-i 
"ing  on  of  a  lawful  and  useful  trade,  merely  because  they  are  or  may  be. 
“subject  to  annoyance,  or  even  loss  thereby.  Better  that  they  Should 
go  elsewhere,  than  that  the  public  should  be  inconvenienced  by  arrest¬ 
ing  a  necessary  and  useful  business,  and  the  trade  of  an  artisan  broken 

Finishing  steam  boilers  so  'that  a  considerable  noise  was  created, 
and  adjoining  tenants  annoyed,  the  work  being  conducted  in  a  compact  part 
of  the  City  of  Albany,  was  held  to  be  a  nuisance. 

Fish  vs.  Dodge,  4  Denial  311. 

So  with  Smelting  Works,  properly  conducted  but  annoying. 

•Tipping  vs.  StHelens  Smelting  Co.  4  B.  &  S.  116. 

A  marble  factory  on  Bleeker  Street,  New  York  City.,  operated  by 
Steam  and  causing  a  vibration,  was  enjoined,  although  the  neighborhood 
was,  apparently,  not  one  very  much  used  for  residential  purposes. 

-The  number  of  cases  bearing  upon  this  point  is  enormous.  In 


fact,  every  case  of  nuisance,  where  the  nuisance  is  not  one  of  a  nuisance 
per  se.  illustrates  the  point. 

[bl  Change  of  neighborhood,  and  question  of  first  occupancy. 

It  does  not  seem  to  make  any  essential  difference  whether  the 
person  complaining  of  the  nuisance  came  to  the  neighborhood  before  the 
nuisance,  or  rather  the  business  creating  the  nuisance,  was  started. 

Some  of  the  oases  cited  above  illustrate  this  point.  Thus  in 
Doellner  v.  Tynan,  Supra,  the  plaintiff  came  to  the  neighborhood  to 
reside,  before  the  defendant  set  up  his  blacksmith  shop. 

On  the  other  hand,  in  Elliotson  v.  Feetham,  2  Bing.  W.  C.  154, 
the  defendant's  manufacturing  establishment  had  been  under  way  for  ten 
years  before  plaintiff  came  to  the  neighborhood  to  dwell.  The  neighbor¬ 
hood  had  meanwhile  become,  to  some  extent,  a  residential  one.  The 
defendant  was  enjoined. 

In  Campbell,  vs.  Seaman,  65  N.  Y.  538  the  action  was  for  damages 
and  an  injunction.  The  plaintiffs  had  owned  their  land  at  a  place  on 

the  Hudson  about  six  miles  below  Albany,  from  1845,  It  was  then  waste 
land.  A  few  years  afterward  the  defendants  erected  a  brick  kiln  upon 
his  adjoining  land.  In  burning  the  bricks  he  used  a  great  quantity  of 
anthracite  coal.,  that  gave  off  fumes  of  sulphuric  acid  gas.  There  was 
another  brick  kiln  belonging  to  a  third  party  in  the  neighborhood,  and 
it  did  not  appear  what,  if  any,  other  residences  there  were.  Some  years 
after  the  erection  of  the  brick  kiln,  plaintiffs  began  to  improve  their 
ground,  setting  out  great  numbers  of  pine  and  spruce  trees,  ornamental 
trees,  plum  trees  and  grape  vines.  They  subsequently  erected  a  spacious 
and  costly  country  house,  about  thirteen  hundred  and  twenty  feet  from 
defendant's  kiln.  When  the  wind  was  from  the  south  the  fumes  of  sul¬ 
phuric  acid  gas  blew  over  the  plaintiff's  place,  and  injured  the  trees. 

The  Court  held  as  follows:  [11  That,  while  brick  burning  was  not  a 

nuisance  per  se  the  evidence  showed  it'  to  be  one  in  this  case.  .  [21 

That  injury  to  comfort  and  enjoyment  was  sufficient;  articles  of  taste 
and  luxury,  like  ornamental  trees,  stand  on  the  same  basis  as  useful, 
articles,  like  vines.  [31  "A  use  of-property  in  one  locality  and 



under  some  circumstances  may  be  lawful  and  reasonable,  which,  under 
other  ci rcumstances,  would  be  unlawful,  unreasonable,  and  a  nuisance." 

[41  "It  matters  not  that  the  brick  yard  was  used  before  plaintiffs 
bought  their  lands  or  built  their  houses," 

The  upshot  of  the  whole  matter  seems  to  be,  that  in  oases  where 
the  nuisance  is  not  one  jer  se,  the  question  of  a  right  of  action  for  an 
injunction  is  to  be  determined  entirely  by  the  nature  of  the  business, 
and  the  character  of  the  neighborhood  when  the  complaint  is  made;  the 
question  of  first  occupancy  has  nothing  to  do  with  the  matter. 

I  I  I. 

How  far  legislative  sanction  may  excuse  acts,  otherwise  a  nuisance,  and 
the  effect  of  legislative  sanction  in  this  case, 

A  rule  early  grew  up  in  England  that  where  Parliament  had  ex¬ 
pressly  authorized  a  person  or  corporation  to  do  a  thing,  damages  arising 
from  the  doing  of  the  thing,  would  never  constitute  an  actionable  nuisance. 
This  rule  has  never  been  so  vigorous  in  this  country  as  in  England,  owing 
to  the  effect  of  our  constitutional  provisions,  forbidding  the  taking  of 
private  property  without  compensation. 

The  rule  in  this  State  now  is  that  in  order  that  legislative 
sanction  for  the  creation  of  a  nuisance,  should  be  successfully  pleaded 
in  answer  to  an  action,  the  Legislature  must  have  specifically  authorized 
the  doing  of  the  thing  complained  of. 

Coggswell  v.  N.  Y.  N.  H.  S  H.  Ry.  103  N.  Y.  10. 

And  see 

Baltimore  and  Potomac  Ry.  vs.  5th  Baptist  Church,  108  U.S.317. 

Here,  of  course,  we  have  no  such  specific  authority.  The  Legis¬ 
lature,  by  the  Gas  Companies  Act,  authorizes  the  Illuminating  Company  to 
acquire  land,  and  carry  on  its  business.  It  does  not  specifically  state, 
or  prescribe,  precisely  whett  land  shall  be  acquired,  or  how  the  business 
should  be  carried  on.  Hence  we  can  derive  no  assistance  from  any  doc-, 
trine  of  legislative  sanction. 


The  public  nature  of  the  employment  of  Illuminating  Company. 

Even  if  our  business  is  considered  to  be  a  public  one,  this  will 
not  excuse  the  creation  of  a  nuisance  by  us.  Even  a  Railroad,  in  the 
absence  of  specific  legislative  sanction,  derives  no  assistance  from  the 
public  nature  of  its  employment,  except  in  determining  the  question, 
whether  or  not  the  thing  complained  of,  in  that  specific  place,  is  neces¬ 

Cogswell  v.  N.  Y.  N..  ,H,  &  H.  Ry.  Supra. 

How  far  noise  and  vibration  may  be  the  basis  of  an  actionable  nuisance. 

Cal  The  extent  of  the  noise  or  vibration. 

That  noise  or  vibration  in  sufficient  degree*  may  constitute  a 
nuisance,  is  too  clear  for  argument.  The  cases  are  numerous  to  this 
effect.  As  to  what  extent  of  noise  or  vibration  will  constitute  a  nui¬ 

sance,  it  is  not  so  easy  to  determine.  The  following  test,  though  in¬ 
definite,  from  the  nature  of  things,  seems  to  be  well  supported:  "The 

"real  test  as  to  whether  a  noisy  trade  is  a  nuisance  in  a  particular 
"locality,  and-  to  a  particular  person  in  the  enjoyment  of  his  property,  , 
"is,  whether  it  is  of  such  a  character  as  would  likely  to  be  physical  an¬ 
noyance  to  a  person  of  ordinary  .sensibilities,  or  whether  it  is  carried 
"on  at  such  unreasonable  hours  as  to-  disturb  the  repose  of  persons  dwel-"  ‘ 
"ling  within  its  sphere.” 

V/ood  on  Nuisances,  2nd  Ed.  Sec.  617. 

In  this  connection  regard  is  to  be  had  both  to  the  quality.,  and 
the  quantity  of  the  noise.  The  filing  of  a  saw,  if  carried  on  continu¬ 
ously,  might  be  far  more  annoying  than  the  blows  of  a  trip-hammer. 

Davidson  v.  Isham,  9  N.  J.  Eq.  185. 

On  the  other  hand,  a  trifling  noise  or  vibration  will  not  be 
regarded  as  creating  the  basis  of  an  actionable  injury; 

Grant  v.  Finney,  L..  R.  8  Ch.  App.  8. 



A  mere  diminution  of  value  of  property  is  not  enough,  if  unaor' 
companied  by  causes  of  annoyance  rendering  the  plaintiffs  premises  less 
habitable  or  useful. 

Lansing  v.  Smith,  8  Cow.  .153. 

On  the.  other  hand  noises  and  vibrations  of  substantial  character 


have  frequently  been  enjoined;  A  boiler  shop--' 

Fish  vs.  Dodge;  4  Benitti  311. 

A  Marble  Factory  — -McKeon  vs.  See  51  N.  Y.  300. 

A  printing  press— 

•Robertson  vs.  Campbell,  13  F.  C.  [Scotch!  61. 

The  cases  are  numerous. 

[bl  Specific  cases  arising  from  eleotric  stations. 

We  find  but  two  cases  in  this  State  arising  from  vibration  and 
noises  communicated  from  elec.tric  s.tations.  ,  , 

In  Braender  vs.  .Har.lem  Lighting  Co'2  N.  Y.  Suppt.  245.  [Supreme 

Court,  Special  .Term  O'Brien,  J.l 

The  action  was  for  an  injunction  against  the  Harlem  Lighting  Com¬ 
pany.  The  plaintiff  owned  adjoining  property.  The  main  building  of 
defendant  had  been  erected,  and  the  machinery  was  running  when  plaintiff 
purchased  the  property.  Subsequently,  an  extension  was  made,  and  an  en¬ 
gine  of  400  horse  power  put  in.  '  This  engine  turned  a  cog  wheel  [pre¬ 
sumably  a  balance  wheell  some  sixteen  feet  in  diameter.  The  building 
was  substantial  and  the  engine  excellent.  The  engine  was  bedded  on 
solid  brick  piers.  The  business  was  carried  on,  as  the  Court  found,  as 
well  as  possible,  and  the  neighborhood  was  not  an  improper  one  for  a 
central  station.  A  considerable  vibration  was  communicated  to  plain-'  - 
tiff's  dwelling,  enough  to  make  it  uncomfortable,  but  not  enough  to  in¬ 
jure  the  building.  Held  that  an  injunction  should  be  granted,  .  .The 
Court  said,  "But  the  evidence  shows  great  annoyance  from  jar.  This  did' 
"not  exist  before  the  large  engine  and  sixteen  foot  cog  wheel  were  put 
"in.”  This  case  seems  to  go  rather  farther  than  most  previous  cases. 



The  Court  expressly  found  that  the  neighborhood  was  a  proper  one  for  a 
central  station-  It  appears  from  the  opinion  that  the  Court  was  a 
good  deal  influenced  by  the  consideration  that  the  smaller  engine  might 
have  been  put  in  and  would  be  unobjectionable. 

In  the  case  of  Yocum  vs.  Hotel  St.  George,  18  Abbott's  Mew  Cases, 

340  [2nd  Dept.  S.  ■  T.  Browne,  ,J. 

■The  action  was  to  restrain  defendant  from  operating  two  dynamos 
and  two  small  engines  in  their  hotel  next  to  plaintiff’s  residence. 

There  was  a  buzzing,  rattling  and  jar  in  plaintiff’s  residence.  The 
Court  granted  an  injunction,  saying:  "It  is  not  necessary  to  a  right  of 
"action  that  the  owner  should  have  been  driven  from  his  dwelling;  it  is 
"enough  that  the  enjoyment  of  life  and  property  has  been  rendered  un- 
"oomfortablej " 

Although  these  oases  are  oases  arising  from  vibration  caused 
by  electric  light  plants,  they  really  add  nothing  to  the  law  as  it  was 
settled  before.  For  the  oases  all  come  to  this,  that  unless  the  neigh¬ 
borhood  is  one  principally  used  for  manufacturing  purposes,  or  other  pur¬ 
poses  of  a  similiar  kind,  not  residential,  educational  or  hotel.,  an 
eleotrio  lighting  company  must  prevent  substantial  noise  or  vibration, 
at  its  peril . 

7  i; 

Remedies  and  measure  of  damages. 

Cal  Remedies. 

Apart  from  public  nuisances  a  person  injured  by  a  nuisance  has 
two  remedies:  He  may  sue  in  an  action  at  law,  for  damages.  In  this 
event  he  gets  damages  up  to  the  time  of  the  commencement  o.f  the  suit,  but 
no  injunction.  Or  he  may  bring  an  action,  where  the  nuisance  is  a  con¬ 
tinuing  one,  for  an  injunction,  and  may  get  damages  as  incidental  to  it. 

.  [bl  Measure  of  damages. 

If  the  person  who  sues,  be  an  owner,  and  sue  in  an  action  at 
law  for  damages  without  injunction,  and  he  be  not  himself  in  posses 




of  the  premises,  it  seems  that  he  cannot  .recover  unless  .he  shows  a  real 
and  lasting  injury  to  his  property.,  as  a  matter  of  market  value. 

Beir 'vs.  Cooke,  37  Hun.  38. 

If.,  on  the  other  hand,  the  person  who  sues,  be  a  lessee,  or  the 
owner  himself  in  possession,  the  measure  of  damages  seems  to  be,'  the 
difference  between  the  rental  value  of  the  house  free  from,  and  the  house 
subject  to.,  the  nuisance.  It  would  seem  also  that. this  recovery  may 
include  damages  from  the  commencement  of  the  nuisance,  to  the  time  of 
trial . 


This  memorandum  leaves  several  questions  of  less  general  bearing,- 
undiscussed,  but  we  believe  that  enough  has  been  stated  to  give  the  of-' 
fleers  of  the  Company  a  sufficiently  clear  idea  of  what  constitutes  a 
nuisance  by  vibration  or  noise. 

Respectfully  submitted, 


New  York  City,  May  5,  '1890. 



<yi£w  &or/y_ 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Illuminating  Co »'  alleged  nuisance  on  39th, 

St,  I  beg  to  say  that  Mr,  Bowker  tells  me  to-day  that  he  has 
theoretically  solved  the  question  of  the  exhaust.  He  turned 
the  exhaust  steam  into  the  spare  stack,  and  thereupon  all  vibra¬ 
tion  ceased,  absolutely.  Moreover,  the  cessatioh  of  all  vibra¬ 
tion  showed  that  no  jar  canes  through  the  earth,'  Inasmuch  as 
the  steam  would  ruin  the  smoke-stack  in  a  short  time,  tie  mme 
result  will  be  obtained  by  other  means,  probably  by  making  a 
brick  tank  to  exhaust  i&s 

The  experiments  thus  far  made  are  as  follows:  20  feet 
of  new  steam  pipe  on  the  roof  wifli  large  new  exhaust  head;  cotton 
belting,  whidh  works  well;  hair  felting  under  the  dynamo,  which 
does  not  do  much  good;  lining  the  walls  of  the  26th.  St,  Statio®:,. 
to  prevent  j'ar,  but  unsuccessful;  injection  of  water  into  the 
tank,  not  good;  an  injector  at  discharge  pipe  of  engine,  no  good; 
rubber  buffers  placed  in  horizontal  exhaust  pipe,  no  good;  two 
diaphragms  placed  also  in  the  said  general  exhaust  pipe,  no  good; 
and  at  thw  26th.  St.  Station,  new  exhaust  valves  in^ngine,  no 
good,  1 

Mr,  Bowker  statesti  at  you  are  erg^ed  in  experimenting 
to  find  a  way  to  cure  the  nuisance  arising  from  cinders  etc,' 

We  are  adjourning  this  case  from  week  to  week, being  treat 
ed  very  courteously  by.  the  plaintiff. 

Very  truly  yours. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orange , 

H.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison  : 

We  can  now  say,  I  think,  that  all  danger  of  a  real  in¬ 
junction  at  the  39th  Street  station  is  over,  as  even  with  the 
quick  revolution  engines,  we  have  succeeded  in  practically  stopping 
any  noise  external  to  the  building* 

I  have  been  intending  to  report  to  you  as  soon  as  that 
result  was  reached,  and  am  glad  to  learn  from  Major  Eaton  that  you 
will  be  glad  to  have  a  report  on  the  subject.  You  may  care  to 
lcnov/  what  we  tried  unsuccessfully,  so  that  these  may  not  be  attempt- 
ed  again. 

There  was  at  first  much  question  whether  the  noise  and 
vibration  came  through  the  air,  through  the  walls,  or  through  the 


foundations  of  the  building.  At  26th  street.,  on  the  west  side  on 
which  the  engines  are  there  placed  -  where  we  had  complaint  of  the 
removal  of  a  tenant  of  the  Racquet  Club  but  no  suit 7- there  did  seem 
to  be  sone  indication  of  noise  through  the  wall®  to  those  por¬ 
tions  of  the  adjoining  building  on  a  level  with  the  dynamo  and 
engine  floors.  To  prevent  this,  we  started  lining  the  walls  on 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,  2, 
that  side  with  roofing, paper,  afterward  to  be  replaced  by  asbestos., 
or  a  similar  nonconductor  of  sound,  but  this  did  not  seem  to  be 
sufficiently  efficacious  to  justify  that  interference  with  the 
cleanliness,  etc,,  of  the  station.  By  putting  a  layer  of  hair 
felt  tinder  the  dynamos  and  replacing  the  leather  belting  with 
ootton*faced  belting,  the  interior  noise  was  so  much  reduced  as 
practioally  to  do  away  with  this  difficulty,  and  we  shall  now 
probably  take  down  the  rooflijpaper  lining  on  the  26th  Street  west 

In  the  course  of  our  experiments  it  was  further  demon¬ 
strated  that  there  was  practically  no  vibration  whatever  through 
either  walls  or  foundation  at  39th  Street,  except  possibly,,  the 
w»e«rest  vibration  when  several  engines  were  in  operation  together. 

The  final  result  has  shown  that  90|f, probably,  of  the 
total  disturbance  came  through  the  air  from  the  vibration  communi¬ 
cated  at  the  exhaust* head  or  from  the  exterior  exhaust 'pipe  -  sir 
though  whether  this  was  a  transmission  througi  the  contents  of  the 
exhaust- pipe  -  the  steam  and  air,  or  by  a  telephonic  vibration 
through  the  metal  structure,  it  has  been  difficult  to  say.  it 
seems  probable  that  some  vibration  was  transmitted  through  both., 
This  vibration  through  the  air  seemed  to  act  upon  the  well-hoies 
in  the  Mystic  Elat  buildings  as  though  they  were  organ  pipes,  'open 
at  one  end,  or  resonators,  as  the  pulsations  were  even  more  Evident 
at  the  bottom  of  these  wells,  quite  out  of  reaoh  of  any  reflection. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.  3, 

of  the  sound,  than  at  the  top  or  middle  portion. 

Our  first  remedy  was  the  construction  of  a  new  type  of 
exhaust-head  devised  by  Mr.  Van  Vleck  and  Mr.  Reese,  with  special 
reference  to  dissipating  the  sound*  mils  was  raised  tWBnty  feet 
higher  than  the  old  exhaust-head,  and  connected  to  the  stack  with 
an  asbestos  layer  between.  Nearly  50#  of  the  noise  was  disposed 
of  in  this  way,  but  probably  more  because  the  exhaust  head  was 
lifted  far  above  the  roof  than  because  Of  the  improvement  in  the 
nature  of  the  exhaust-head  itself,.  Sufficient  noise,  however, 
remained  to  keep  the  Mystic  flats  people  quite  dissatisfied. 

Several  experiments  were  then  made  in  the  engine  room 
itself.  Rubber  buffers  were  inserted  in  joints  of  the  main  ex- 
haus-t^pipe  before  it  reached  the  exhaust  tank,  but  it  seemed  this 
made  very  little  difference.  Two  perforated  diaphrams  were  also 
inserted  in  the  main  exhaust  pipe,  the  two  diaphrams  being  turned 
so  that  the  steam  had  to  seek  an  indirect  channel,  but  this  also 
without  much  effect.  A  similar  experiment  was  tried  at  the  dis¬ 
charge  pipe  of  the  engine,  just  where  the  exhaust  steam  reached 
the  general  exhaust -pipe,  but  this  also  was  ineffective.  Each  of 
these  perhaps,  did  a  little  good,  but  not  enough  to  qount.  As 
some  of  the  Engineers  thought  that  the  iron  tank  itself-,  which  is 
in  our  station  floor,  might  act  as  a  resonator,  a  direct  connection 
was  made  around  the  tank,  whioh  resulted  in  an  increase  instead  of 

decrease  of  the  noise. 

Thomas  A.  Edi  son Es;q^  . 

A  construction  of  canvass,  being  a  sort  of  canvass  tub® 
of  the  diameter  of  the  exhaust  head,  was  also  tried,  carrying  th-'J 
steam  from  the  exhaust  head  to  a  little  above  the  top  of  the  t 
stacks.  Kiis  produced  some  improvement,  obviating  any  reflect^ 
of  sound  from  the  smoke  stacks,  but  this  also  was  nott  of  much 

It  was  impracticable,  because  of  the  lack  of  space  at 
the  39th  Street  Station,  to  construct  or  place  within  the  buildiii&if 
sufficient  tank  room  to  promise  good  results;  and  a  brick  .tank  infffl 
the  yard  of  the  building  back,  whi ch  we  owned,  would,  we  found, 
have  been  very  costly,  besides  the  objection  that  we  had  to  break  ' 
through  the- main  station  walls  to  get  to  it,  while  the  vaults  " ;i 
already  constructed  at  the  back,  through  which  to  take  our  feeders, 
left  very  little  room  for  a  tank  of  any  size*:  The  chiEiney  stacks, 
however,  being  practically  vertical  tanks  of  brick,  offered  a 
similar  opportunity,  and  we  found  that  the  noise  of  one  engine  j 

was  entirely  stopped  by  running  an  8- inch  tettiporary  exhaust  into 
the  unused  smoke  stack.  This  at  first  seemed  objectionable  because  j 

vytAd  UlUvn  n, 

of  the  possible  disintegration,  but  on  oonsultation  with  the  ar- 
ohiteots  and  further  investigation  by  our  mechanical  people,,  there 
seemed  to  be  no  reason  to  apprehend  disintegration  except  for  a 
small  fraction  of  an  inch.  This  pipe  however*  did  not  go  through 
the  f coder ,  and  we  had  an  enormously  increased  oonstjmption  p’f  ,#'6al  ! 

because  of  the  lower  temperature  of  water  supplied  to  the  '  ‘ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.  5j 

It  was  finally  decided  that  the  exhaust  steam  could  be 
run  into  the  used  smoke  stack  without  any  danger  whatever,  after 
passing  through  the  feeder  and  heating  the  water  for  the  boilers, 
This  was  finally  done  through  two  separate.  16  inch  exhaust  pipes 
leading  into  the  smoke  stack  in  use,  one  somewhat  above  the  other, 
and  the  noise  liaa  been  almost  absolutely  cured  in  that  way.  The 
Engineers  report  that  the  teal*  is  bettered  instead  of  checked  by 
the  change,  and  this  simple  expedient  seems  to  work  well  at  every 
point.  Whether  it  would  do  when  a  larger  number  of  engines  were 
placed  in  the  station,  may  be  a  matter  of  question. 

I  have  had  some  investigations  made  into  the  probable 
length  of  the  sound  waves  and  the  rapidity  of  their  transmission, 
with  a  view  to  testing  whether  any  result  could  be  obtained  by 
running  different  portions  of  the  steam  through  channels  of 
separate  length,  so  that  the  pulsation  waves  would  interfere,  the 
one  with  the  other,  but  so  long  a  wave  length  was  indicated  that 
it  seemed  improbable^  we  could  make  suffioiient  difference  of  chan¬ 
nel,  and  this  line  of  experiment  was  never  tried$ 

We  propose  to  replace  the  present  iron  tank  in  the  sta¬ 
tion  floor  with  a  brick  tank  of  the  largest  possible  capacity,  -a's 
it  seems  probable  there  is  some  vibration  in  this  iron  tank-,  al^- 
though  the  difficulty  is  practically  in  the  sharp  exhauSt  and 
short  Hxhxusi  stroke  of  tie  Armington  &  Sims  engine*# 

To  remedy  the  complaints  against  the  fine  duat# 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq.,  6, 

dndpping  from  our  smoke  stackf,  we  first  tried  putting  a  wire- 
gauze  over  the  top  of  the  smoke  stack*  This  worked  all  right  until 
the  first  wet  day,  when  the  rain  falling  through  the  interstices 
and  matting  the  solid  matter  against  the  wires,  shut  down  on  the 
draught  to  such  an  extent  that  the  rigging  was  taken  off  the 
stack^  as  sailors  would  take  in  a  reef  during  a  gale1.  A  similar 
screen  was  then  tried  at  the  bottom  of  the  same  stack,  but  this 
filled  up  so  quiokly  with  the  solid  particles,  that  the  same  re¬ 
sult  happened.  The  expedient  of  throwing  the  exhaust  steam  into 
the  used  smoke  stacks  seemed  to  remedy  this  however,  as  well  as 
the  other  difficulty,  and  the  matter  which  falls  can  of  course  be 
easily  cleaned  out  from  within  the.  staok,;.  I  shall  be  very  glad 
to  hear,  however,  that  your  experiments  with  electrifying  these, 
particles  have  been  successful  -  although  it  is  to  be  borne  in 
mind  that  we  are  contending  With  here  not  with  a  bituminous  resi¬ 
due  or  carbon  of  any  kind,  but  with  an  aSh* 

I  shall  be  glad  to  give  you  any  further  particulars,  or 
to  know  that  you  have  been  glad  to  reoieive  these. 

Very  truly  yours,,*: 

O.  O .  (3  irw'C'iX/'v 



)  4  -  C' 

. .  '"V.  * 

*£7^  .. 

0  O  .0) 


PiIa-CXA  i\,UaAAS~-  ^  0.(1  ft>  . 


•Tune  4 tli, 


Contluioli  | 

In  ill  or.  to  the  estimate  of  time  callod  for  by  my 
letter  of  t  oli  51st,  please  ivo  us  a  statement  of  ho’./  you  arrived 
at  the  rough  estimate  of  0340, 000.  as  approni:  into  cost  of  building, 
and  about  hov/  that  is  to  bo  divided  a, ton  tlio  different  elements  of 

In  regard  to  the  placing  of  the  supporting  side  walls 
and  consequent  v/ldth  of  building,  that  should  be  determined  by  a 
calculation  of  the  space  necessary  on  the  lover  floor,  to  give 
plenty  of  room  around  the  1,000'  II.  P.  unit,  and  for  the  oloctrioal 
gallery  between,  and  on  the  boiler  room  floor  for  adequate  boilers. 
Y/e  do  not  wish  to  make  the  building  v/idor  than  is  necessary  for  its 
purposes,  as  it  night  bo  better  to  leave  30  feet  instead  of  35 
foot  on 'Elm  Street,  if  it  gives  us  plenty  of  v/icith. 

In  planning  the  foundation  of  the  building  and  for  the 
engine,  you  need  to  keep  in  view  the  provision  of  one,  or  possibly 
two,  driven  wells  for  obtaining,  an  independent  supply  of  water,  and 
. of  .giving  space  for  a  brick  tank  or  tanka  as  largo  as  possible, 


Mosers.  Buchman  &  Doislor.  2. 
to  receive  the  exhaust  steam,  replacing  the  iron  tanks  in  use  in 
our  uptown  stations  -  also,  provision  should  be  made  for  a  tank  or 
tanks  -  perhaps  one  at  either  end,  for  receiving  vrator  from  tho 
street,  so  that  the  pumps  shall  not  oxert  any  suction  on  tho 
croton  system,  as  is  complained  of  at  the  2<3th  Street  Station. 

In  placing  the  engine  foundations,  these  should  be  put 
as  near  together  toward  the  center  of  tho  building  as  is  practica¬ 
ble,  so  as  to  leavo  as  much  room  at  front  and  rear  for  purposes  of 
communication  and  for  office  room,  as  can  be  properly  managed. 

\ili Gn  you  visit  the  Brooklyn  station,  please  note  its  arrangement 
in  that  particular. 

In  general,  it  will  probably  be  desirable,  when  tho 
both  ends  of  the  building  are  completed,  to  make  the  Duane  Street 
frontage  an  entrance  for  office  purposes,  and  tho  Pearl  Street 
frontage  tho  entrance  for  station  and  mechanical  purposes .  There 
should  bo  on  tho  Duane  Street  side,  if  not  on  both  sides,  provis¬ 
ions  for  passenger  as  well  as  freight  elevators,  particularly  in 
view  of  the  possible  addition  of  four  stories  for  factory  or 
office  purposes.  It  may  be  well  also,  to  provide  facilities  within 
tho  elevator  shafts,  for  hoisting  to  tho  roof,  in  place  of  hoisting 
from  the  outside,  as  wo  have  boon  obliged  to  do  recently  uptown. 

It  is  proposed  to  run  elevators  and  all  other  subsidiary 
machinery  throughout'  tho  building,  by  electric  motors  instead  of 
by  smaller  engines,  so  that  tho  station  shall  be  throughout  an 


noonva.  ihichnaii  Dololor.  3. 

ol.vicot  lesson  in  1 3 i. o  practical  application  of  She  electric  ourrer.ti. 

in  the  arrangement  of  the  stacks  a  id  other  portions  of 
t2u;  building  relatin'.1;  to  stoam  power,  plane  should  bo  made  by 
vrhiah  there  nay  bo  an  alternative  throughout  every  portion  of  the 
system,  for  example  -  that  the  onhauot  steam  :nay  bo  oarriod  into 
oitiior  staok  or  "both,  by  suoli  arrangement,  and  devices  as  can  bo 
operated  at  any  t imo .  'diin  will  obviate  a  considerable  difficulty, 

/Which  v;c  oncountorod  uptown  in  recent  improvements. 

1 1-  :r 

^o';*  -  It  would-be  well  to  consider,  in  the  arrangement  of  the 

^building  as  woll  as  in'  the  planning  of  the  machinery,  the  prac¬ 
ticability  of  loading  coal  directly  from  cars  brought  to  the 
station  on  trucks,  so  that  both  the  truck  and  liorcoa  may  be 
backed  within  the  lines  of  the  station  building,  leaving  the  sido- 
v/alk  entirely  unenoumbered  and  confining  all  our  work  to  the 
station  itself.  She  sumo  cars  might  be  used  to  tolso  up  the  ashes, 
so  that  one  journey  of  a  truck  would  bring  coal  and  take  uv/uy  ashes- 
Also  adequate  arrangements  should  be  made  for  weighing  the  coal  as 
it  comes  to  us,  as  also  weighing  coal,  water,  etc.,  as  delivered 
to  the  boilers. 

In  the  facades  of  the  building,  the  combination  of 
brick  with  stone  trimmings  used  in  the  uptovm  stations,  will 
prubably  bo  satisfactory  in  this,  but  wo  should  bo  glad  to  have 


Messrs,  Buoliman  &  Deislor.  4, 

n:l'/  suggestions  fro;:]  you  as  to  the  use  of  the  newer  typos  of  brick 
of  ornamental  colors. 

'i'ho  side  walls  should  have  sucli  provision  for  connection 
with  a  possible  Eta  Stroet  Office  building  as  can  be  made  without 
weakening  their  structural  strength.  When  they  got  to  a  height 
above  the  probable  height  of  adjacent  building,  it  would  bo  well 
to  provide  for  tlioir  simple  ornamentation  in  an  inexpensive 
manner,  rather  than  to  show  nn  ugly  brick  well  to  the  rest  of  the 

As  it  is  not  impossible  that,  within  a  few  years,  elec¬ 
tricity  may  be  produced  by  direct  combustion,  without  the  inter¬ 
position  of  steam  machinery,  or  that  the  supply  may  be  brought 
from  a  considerable  distance  for  storage,  wo  should  look  forward 
to  oho  possibility  that  a  building,  in  this  valuable  quarter,  may 
ultimately  be  converted  into  purposes  other  than  station  vise,  and 
so  far  as  it  is  practicable  to  do  so,  it  would  bo  well,  in  your 
arrangement  of  grand  stories  on  tlic  facades,  as  within  the  build¬ 
ing,  to  wake  it  easy  to  transform  the  building,  by  providing  in¬ 
termediate  floors  where  the  engines  and  boilers  arc  to  be  placed. 

Some  important  changes  as  to  the  height  of  the  several 
floors  may  bo  necessary  as  the  plans  are  developed,  for  instance, 
the  adoption  of  the  upright  type  of  boiler  would  make  u  much 
higher  boiler  room  necessary. 

Wo  give  you  those  points  now  as  things  to  be  kept  in 


Manors.  Euohman  A  Doislor 
mind  frcri  the  start  in  all  of  your  plans. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Pirou  Vioc  President. 

*****  f»~.  w «*«. 

Vt^vvCw  t  OvCv>^v‘  t£T  avw  tv)-}  ~  i/vvvvw  . 

VgmUt i <\ .CwUt  /fc,-  w;,  4,- 

>0^.  C-vvwi.%. . 



16  &.  18  BROAD  STREET. 

CEO.  FOSTER  PEABODY,  President. 

j°B.NSKErtAN? e»o‘y  "ond°TrSMUMr!  NEW  YORK, . ULiJlVJdaA .  I8S0  . 

'T'CvOJ. (X.  £  ,  W- 

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t/vv  (P'isx  (V|A'  ^  L>  (^]\aC^vVn,C7i^  "1  ^41  'iAas*.  wfto 

CX'W  (AAaTw  —  t/l' I'WOyVY^.iA  hT  L^H.  C^C»Uaaiaav^ 

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JiL  &>  j  ‘ 






16  Sl  18  BROAD  STREET. 


The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Company  of  New  York. 

'v  $2,000,000  First  Mortgage  Five  Per  Cent. 

Convertible  Gold  Bonds. 

These  bonds  are  in  coupon  form  and  are  dated  March  1st,  1800,  running  twenty  years,  to 
March  1st,  1910,  if  not  converted  or  redeemed  prior  to  that  date,  and  they  can  be  registered  as 
to  the  principal.  Principal  and  interest  payable  in  gold  coin.  Coupons  payable  March  1st  and 
September  1st  each  year. 

The  holders  may  at  their  option,  convert  the  bonds  into  the  capital  stock  of  this  Company 
(which  is  now  $4,000,000)  at  par,  on  ninety  days  notice,  during  the  years  1892  to  1895  inclusive. 

'I  his  bond  is  secured  by  a  First  Mortgage  covering  the  Company's  real  estate,  buildings, 
stations,  plant,  underground  conductors,  franchises,  leaseholds  and  property  of  every  nature,  real, 
personal  or  mixed,  now  owned  or  hereafter  to  be  acquired  in  the  City  of  New  York,  below  70th 
Street,  the  real  estate,  station  buildings  and  other  buildings  in  various  parts  of  the  City,  being 
valuable  property  in  good  locations  for  general  purposes. 

The  plant,  consisting  of  station  apparatus,  underground  conductors,  stock,  tools  and  fix¬ 
tures,  is  now  and  will  be  of  the  very  best  construction  obtainable,  and  so  arranged  as  to  secure 
the  largest  earning  power  possible  with  a  minimum  of  operating  expenses,  the  total  cost  of 
which  will  be— when  the  proceeds  of  this  last  issue  shall  have  been  expended— in  the  neighbor¬ 
hood  of  $4,000,000  cash. 

The  first  station  built  by  the  Company  (in  Pearl  St.)  has  alone  shown  net  earnings,  in  each 
of  the  years  1888  and  1889,  more  than  sufficient  to  pay  the  entire  interest  on  these  bonds,  and  this 
has  been  accomplished  with  a  capacity  of  less  than  17,000  lamps, — it  now  has  20,000  lamps  con¬ 
nected, — and  furnishes  a  large  amount  of  power  to  motors. 

The  construction  of  a  station  and  extensions  of  the  plant,  for  which  the  proceeds  of  these 
bonds  and  the  new  stock  issue  are  to  be  used,  will  provide  a  total  capacity  of  175,000  to  200,000 
lamps,  and  in  view  of  the  general  demand  for  the  light,  as  well  as  for  power  to  be  used  for  small 
motors,  the  earnings  will  be  very  large  and  constantly  on  the  increase,  as  great  care  is  being  taken 
to  establish  the  new  plant  in  territory  which  will  provide  the  largest  amount  of  business 

I  he  Municipal  franchises  and  rights  of  the  Company  in  this  City  are  very  valuable,  and 
could  not  be  duplicated  at  the  present  time  and  the  license  from  the  Edison  parent  company  se¬ 
cures  to  it  the  exclusive  right  to  the  whole  of  Manhattan  Island. 

Ihe  Edison  system  of  conductors  covered  by  many  patents,  is  entirely  underground  and 
the  light,  being  always  of  low  tension  and  entirely  safe,  is  popular  with  the  public,  by  reason  of 
the  steadiness  of  its  burning  and  regularity  of  its  supply. 

Dividends  have  been  paid  on  the  capital  stock  of  this  Company  at  the  rate  of  four  per 
cent,  per  annum  continuously  since  1885,  the  amount  of  such  Dividends  paid  in  1889  being  over 
$100,090,  and  the  business  of  the  Company  is  so  thoroughly  established  as  to  warrant  the  assur¬ 
ance  of  continued  dividends  with  a  steady  addition  to  the  surplus  besides. 

We  are  entirely  familiar  from  personal  experience  with  the  Company’s  business  and 
finances  and  feel  confident  that  this  bond  has  an  unquestionable  basis  of  value,  and  we  commend 
it  to  investors  as  having  a  double  attractiveness,  first  by  reason  of  its  security,  and  second,  the 
possibilities  from  the  option  to  convert  into  stock  which  may  become  very  valuable  and  in  the 
judgment  of  those  best  qualified  is  very  certain  to  so  prove. 

Application  will  be  made  to  list  the  bonds  on  the  New  York  Stock  Exchange'. 

Respectfully  yours, 

Spencer  Trask  &  Co. 

Mr.  Edison  was  hare  last  I  sold  him$27  0f  Edison  Convertible 


Certificates'^  even  up  his  stock,  s#l/VZfo,  and  gay.e  him  a  bill  of 
same,  calling  for  payment  of  $20,25  to  us;.  - 

Will  you  kindly  ask  him  for  the  bill  1  gave  him  and 
remit  check  to  cover  same,  as  I  have  no  doubt  that  he  has  over¬ 
looked  it. 

rill  in  rc-rtliind  e.  ament-  not  in  ordinary  mortar. 

ilov;  that  :  ir,  Boggs  has  ;;o<:  .  into  the  service,  or  th 
oral  Company,  I  ahull  have  to  ask  you  to  lot  mo  consult  you 
v/oll  ao  Mr.  Henderson  on  those  practical  ;  alt  -ra  ns  much  cm 
Hiblo,  providing  you  do  not  let  my  questions  divert  you  from 
important  work. 

Very  truly  yours, 

O.O.  0 trvvVa^v 

first  Vice  President. 


The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York, 

General  Office,  432  Fifth  Avenue, 

cop*  NeW  Y°rk'  a8'  1800 

Mr.  R.  R.  Bowker,  First  VJoe  prest.., 

Ho.  16  Broad  Street  ,  New  York  Cl-ty. 

Dear  Sir 

In  reference  to  the  exhaust  in  would  say  that  after 

cqnsulting  y/ith  Mr.  Brewster  In  regard  to  ’shutting  doy/n  the  station,  we 
concluded  to  make  an  examination  last  night  after  twelve  0.' clock,  to 
see  if  there,  was  any  sign  of  injury  .feeing  dphe  to.  the  chimney. 

.  I  am  very  glad  to  report  tp  you  that  after  examining  the  chimney 
both  from  above  and  below,  they  found  the  brickwork  as  perfest  as  be¬ 
fore  Jhey  ran  the,  exhaust  into  the  dhUne'^  time  have  they  ever 
found,  any  moisture,  either  above  . *r  _bejLo£j,  inside  .the  chimney,  and  no;  ' 
steam  can  be  seen  escaping  at  either 

X  will  have  both  chimney*  esmutned  ayt  last- once  a  month  and  if, 
at  any  time,  I  find  any  injury  being  done  to  either  of  them,  will  reT 
port  the  matter  to  you  without  delay,  l  aifefc 
Yours  very  truly# 

(  Signed  )  4$%$$  REESE,  JR. 



'■  OF  NEW  YORK, 

,  16  *  18  BROAD  STREET. 

SKEHAN,  Beo'y  and  Treasurer.  NEW  YORK,  AugUSt  Cl,  WPG, 

mi* s,,  buoluuGn  ?i  hoiolor, 
u  West  lit,,  - 

In  regard  to  the  facade  of  the  new  station,  several  sug- 
gootxons  occurred  to  me  which  may  ho  overlooked  when  you  cone  to 
the  actual  designing,  and  I  therefore  j>ut  then  before  you  how. 

’.i.'ho  nervan  oageo  given  to  the  uptown  stations  by  the  su¬ 
periority  of  their  faeado  over  most  factory  buildings,  arc  so 
evident  that  I  have  no  doubt  the  Construction  Committee. ‘will  bo 
ready  to  approve  reasonable  expenditures  for  nakihg  tho  facade  of 
the  new  building  somewhat  notable  in  its  wny-lrJWl  should  not  bo 
w illing  to  recommend  any  considerable  inoroaoe  in  expense's  for 
that  purpose.  It  has  suggested  itself  to  mo,  however,  that,  at 
some  central  point  on  tho  facade,  place  might  be  made  for  the  fine 
bust  of  .Mr.  Edison  in  terra  cotta,  such  as  we  have  at  tho  uptown 
office,  possibly  enlarged  to  heroic  size-  and  that,  if  it  were 
desirable  for  decorative  .purposes,  this  might  be  flunked  by  busts 
of  Iranklin  and  Morse  as  tho  other  great  electrical  pioneers  of 
this  country.  If,  also,  there  were  a  band  of  terra  cotta  work  or 
of  cut  stone  permitting  the  use  of  medallions,  it  might  be  inter- 

.Messrs.  Buchman  &  Deisler.  2. 

csting  to  use  in  thorn  low-relief  portraits  of  the  oleotrioians, 
oig.  whose  names  aro  idnctified  with  the  olectrical  unit,  as 
Volta,  topero,  Ohm  and  Watt.  Please  bear  in  mind  also  that  the 
form  of  the  Edison  lamp  would  lend  itself  admirably  for  ouch 
moulding  as  tho  egg .and-  £»t  pattern,  and  that  tho  horse- ohoe 
magnet,  the  urauturo  and  other  olootrioal  forms  could  roadi'ly  bo 
adapted  to  decorative  purposes.  This  might  bo  kept  in  mind  for 
simple  decorative  work  inside  ns  well  ns  outside  tho  building. 

V/c  should  keep  in  mind  also,  tho  desirability  of  having 
some  kind. of  display  light,  which  would  be  interesting  to  the 
public  and  bo  a  pormonont  advertisement  for  the  Company.  Possibly 
thi s "might  bo  planned  in  relation  with  the  stacks,  as  is  done  to 
a  limited  extent  in  Brooklyn. 

Please  filo  those  suggestions  for  such  use  as  you  may 
choose  to  make  of  them  when  the  facade  comes  under  discussion. 

Very  truly  yours, 

First  Vico  President. 

JL<slr  04-  1 1—  EBIS0N  LAB0RAT0RY. 


16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 


0-  ^3  crvvW/C/v. 

TIle  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co,,  of  New  York, 
,"1“Z irl'ISFwiyL,,  ST.  General  Office,  432  Fifth  Avenue, 

August  27,  I860 

<30^  '$?■ )  /  V-  t-ffi/x,  S' 

fa/  ? a 

R.  R.  Bowker,  Esq. 

First  Vice  President, 

Having  occasion  to  shut  down  the  station  at  39th  street 
this  morning,  in  order  to  repair  some  leaks  in  the  steam  pipe,  we 
examined  the  chimney  and  cannot  find  Any  signs  of  injury  being  done 
to  the  briekwork  by  the  exhaust  steetft  At  no  place  inside  of  chimney 
or  flue  could  be  found  any  moisture*  #h lie  I  am  confident  that  no 
injury  to  the  chimney  can  be  caused  by  the  steam,  X  will  watch  the 
matter  closely  for  at  least  3ix  months* 

Very  txuly  yours, 

I  »E<5  )  THOMAS  REESE,  -JR, 

(jUjt  Ulo 

['Y-'Vw  l\x> 



16  &  18  BROAD  8TREET. 

Sept.  26,  1890. 

A.  0.  Tate,  35sq. , 

Secretary,  Thomas  A.  Edison,  EsqTT"" 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Tate  : 

May  I  ask  you  to  obtain  for  me,  if  possible,  two  of  the 
large-sized,  photographs  of  Mr.  Edison (with  autograph),  for  use  in 
our  Executive  and  General  Offices.  I  desire  to  have  them  framed 
for  the  decoration  of  those  offices. 

Yours  sincerely, 



Kiowa s  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 
Orange,  If,  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison  ! 

2  <L// 

1  send  you  copy  of  a  letter  on  tho  proposed  now  junction 
box,  replying  in  part  to  Mr.  Krueni ’ &  criticisms,  which,  I  have 
heard,  reflected  in  a  measure  your  own  objections.  I  thought 
you  would  like  to  see  this, and  that,  possibly,  it  wight  modify 
your  opinion,  which  wo  should  cortainly  want  to  have  before  tie- 


ciding  to  wanufaetuM  this  new  type. 

X  should  be  glad  to  hear  when  your  docks  are  cl  ear (if 
ever),  so  that  you  can  spare  me  time  for  a  little  talk  -  possibly 
you  would  prefer  to  put  it  off  till  next  week  when  I  may  be  able 
to  bring  with  mo  tho  outline  plan  for  tho  new  station,  unless  you 
would  prefer,  or  be  willlng;to  come  in  and  moot  with  tho  Con¬ 
struction  Committee,  of  which,  you  will  recall,  you  arc  a  member  — 
though  we  have  not  been  able  to  subpoena  you  ns  yet. 

Very  truly  yours, 

(T").  (fA  O  crvn/CcL A/K 

Eirst  Vico  President. 


(_<5~  (_p  i - 

2;  -  ■  v 

k,  A  h  N 

!>  H.. 


The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 


General  Office,  432  Fifth  Avenue, 
Neiv  York, 

Oct.  3, 


iii‘.  F.,  Bov/’;ssS 

First  Vice  President, 

Ira  nr 

7.u  recatQ  to  the  new  Junction  Box,  there  have  bean  suite  riatvas- 
•;lly  different  opinions  cxyvaantA  iMrtniniae  to  its  crtvuntaeaa  *afl  «13.s— 
MvasiASiOs,  By  same  it  has  been  pronounced  a  doeidod  improvement  over 
the  old  type;  'while  by  others,  I  nadavst'Kirt,  it  is  tbouciit  the  old  Box' 

:£>,  rrfj&y  therefore  to  those  who  might  bold  thin  latter  view,  X 
baii  to  submit  Via  following  in  the  way  of  o;;r*l»ifi:'.fcloa  of  what  I  thin;-: 
is  the  rax!  statue  of  both  the  w  and  old  Box  in  our  Syst®a  of  Efodsis. 
LTOund  Con-luotors.  Jly  motive  la  doing  this  in  based  noioly  on  try  de¬ 
sire  to  promote  .improve, .rtatn  where  they'  can  be  made  v/ith  profit,  rivvli- 
r;i.t2  0,0  X  do  that  we  have  not,  in  any  particular,  reaehed  the  .limit  of 
adraaceaseat;  fert}«err.oro,  X  desire  to  enuaorato  some  of  the  advnutuees- 
that  the  new  bo;-:  possesses  over  the  old  Bo::,  that  night  not  .lopcra*  iVcra 
*A  os’  casual  inspection. 

In  the  first  place,  the  aew  Box  was  do  •/eloped  with  o  view  to 
overcome  cevtnla  storin';  defects  Vrvo  '  -0  o”iatod  :’a  the  old  Box,  of 
v.-rlcb  every  practical  ma  who  is  familiar  with  our  Underground  System, 
is  .aware,  .Vrlnci pally  those  defects  As  the  liability  of  diffi-  ' 

ciaty  and  danger  induood  by  the  talrihj.  off  and  putting  on  of  Safety 
Catches  under  heavy  currents,  where  serious  arcs  .and  the  most  dlstrun- 
tive  chovt-cirouito  are  sometimes  caused,  even  by  the  hand  of  the  most 


Mr.  udwjiei',  p,  ■%. 

proviso  and  earful  nrnlynlatotf  -  T.  have  Isoown  th is  to  happen  -  not 
rarely,  but  frequently  -  I  have  3oen  some  ox"  oar  bout  men  practically 
destroy  the  womans  parts  of  a  Junction  box  through  no  fault  ox-  their 
ovn  -  I  have  seen  Um,  with  tvoablins  hands  and  blanehod  facon,  nnderi 
tal;o  to  do  t  •should  be  a  wot  liamlose  nor?  maple  to-nlci  simply  bc- 
cuuoe  they  are  well  «nve  that  their  Jr  v'*  or  yia^ero  -t^ht  bo  qooi’cbefl  by  ■?.  si«£le  vdr^lveeteJ.  movement.  rnoae  are  not  -  fanciful  otnte- 
I’.ento,  but  facto;  in  the  face  of  which,  vc-  felt  that  the ‘old  Junction  - 
bo>:  did  net  b'.urely  fill  it-,  purpose:;;  that  it  way  scarcely  more  than 
a  receptacle  for  Safety  Catches,  v/ith  no  nexus  of  bronJclne  oonneotlons 
•tit.!  the  M  10-  without  awtaniat  the  life  of  iu  wor^nt  part c,;  and 
that  the  manipulation  necessary  to  do  this  was  not  without  an"  axbtsont 
of  It  r.l-io  difficult  to  repair  a.jd  hard  to  clean,  on  ac¬ 
count  of  its  inaccessibility  bolov/  the  vine*, 

an,,-,  j.n  «.:!«  oujc.v  .-r'.ad,  the  new  box  :ls  entirely  free  .from  all 
thnoo  object?,  Mm  everything  Is  accessible  and  -p-ats  of  ronioyui  or  'j.<q- 
placcmcat.  It  ;'bL, switches"  permits,  wit;;  the  sroatcMt  ease,  the 
tahinL  off  and  putties  on  of  safety  Catches.  it  i.n  alno  of  sr c-ater 
Ou/  c  -..j>-c;lty  a.v-  is  less  liable  to  become  overheated.  in  brief, 
it  Is  r.  more  perfect  Lore  than  the  eld  one  it  answers  its  trji<- 
pooc  to  9  better  •?.<;!  van;  in  Which  resaru  it  i-;  on  a  urr  wit?;  all  the 
recent  lmprovoaoutn  that  have  been  mde  in  the  Edison  cy-rtem,  which  has 
embraced  nearly  every  feature,  with  the  exception  .of  the  3-wire  Junc¬ 
tion  Sox,  which  has  scarcely  over  been  chanced  m  any  ?, articular  -since, 
its  introduction, 

Kj0  i’e-Uov/i.ns  the  advantases  of  the  w,  V;ox  over  the  old: 

(1)  Greater  spree  between  Safety  Catches. 

(c)  baiter  also  Safety  Catches. 

(3)  mft,3e  -v/lto:j®*  <*  v-Ulch  Safety  Catches  can  be  removed 

r-.-au  replaced  with, out  denser,  of  a  short-circuit,  and  without  tho 


lfe*»  Bowker,  p,'  3,' 
slightest  spark'* 

.  (4)  .  Accessibility  to  the  bottom  of  the  Box  for  cleaning  purposes, 

,{5)  The  feature  of  being  able. to  remove  everything  in  the  Box  with¬ 
out  removing  the  Jacket, 

(6.)  Conoave  lid,  by  whioh  the  wa ter,  that  sometimes  precipitates 
thereon,  drip's  into  the  centre  of  the  Box  where  it  ca,n  do  no  harm, 

(7)  Greater  insulation, 

(8)  Greater'  ampere  capacity,  as  the  main'  bus-. if  pf  copper'  and  the 
other  parts  of  corresponding-  ample  current  capacity.' 

(0)  '  Greater  ampere  capacity  of  the  +  and  -  switches  belonging  to  the 
feeder  stub,  ’  ’  ' 

(10)  The  advantage  of  having  in  the  Box  only  those  switches  that  are 
actually  in  use,  which  can  be  added  to,  or'  taken  fr'omV  at  pleasure 
This  is  a  feature  that  materially  reduces  the  cost  of  the  Box, 
when  considered  collectively.  It  may  be  claimed  that  the  new  Box 
is  larger'  than  the  old  one,  but  in  reality  only  the  Jacket  is  lar¬ 
ger',  while  the  diameter'  over'  the  stub's  if  the  same^ 

I  understand  that  an  objection  has  been  made  to  the  new  Box,  in 
which  it  has  been  stated  that  if  a  switch  were  opened  with  current  Oft 
the  line,  an  arc  would  undoubtedly  destroy  all  the  other  switches. 

This  objection,  as  it  stands,  is  either  art  Incorrect  statement,  or  else 
the  party  who  made  it  entertains  an  entire  misconception  of  the  princi¬ 
ple  on  which  the  Box  is  built  and  operated,  or  of  the  action  of  a  blade 
switch  under  current.  Granting  for  a  moment  the  possibility  of  such 
an  arc  being  formed  In  the  new'  Box,  what  then,  1  ask,  wOuld  become  of 
the  old  Box  with  the  chances  of  producing  an  arc  infinitely  greater  ? 

In  conclusion  I  would  say  that  the  new  Box,  as  recently  construe 
ted,  is  intended  more  to  suggest  a  new  principle  rather'  than  a  pefffct- 
ed  piece  of  apparatus,  which  after  having  been  sufficiently  Studied  arid 
criticised,  will  undoubtedly  be  impr'obed  in  several  respects.  As  it 


iJr, .  Bowker.  p,  4. 

is  now  constructed,  however,  it  appears  to  be  a  very  efficient  and 
creditable  piece  of  work  -  thanks  to  the  attention  Which  has  been  .given 
it  in  its  construction. 

.Finally,  in  answer  to  the  question  as  to  what  extent  the  new  Box 
could  profitably  be  adopted,  I  beg  to  reply  that,  at  present,  I  would 
advise  its  use  only  at  the  important  centres  of  distribution  -  that  is 
to  say  -  at  all  feeder  ends  and  at  the  intersection  Of  important, maihs^ 
at  these  points,  it  is  especially  adapted  to  the  conditions,  on  account 
of  its  being- more  satisfactory  to  operate  and  Vabtiy  mqfe  durable  than 
the  ordinary  Box,  which  would  rapidly  depreciate.  1  would  not  now 
advise  its  use  »n  the  outlaying,  lighWoaded  districts  of  a  system, 
where  the  ordinary  Box,  being  rarely  operated,  would  be .^ite  well  ' 
suited  to  the  requirements, 

■  Very  truly,  •  '  • 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 



General  Office,- 4.32  Fifth  Avenue, 

350  th  October  ,  1800 

Dear  Mr.  Edison  : 

If  the  architects  Eire  me  their  pencil  plan.3  to- 

[  V-SKA.j 

morrow  noon,  as  they  hope  to  do,  I  shall  endeavor  to.  come  out  to  see 
you  early  Wednesday  afternoon,  to  give  you  the  first  sight  of  the 
station  plans  as  30  far  developed,  and  to  talk  over  certain  matters 
business  a.nd  electrical,  which  I  have  been  storing  away  in  one  corner 
of  my  mind  for  some  time,  until  I  could  get  your  advice  in  regard  to 

Very  truly  your 3, 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey  , 


(//ft .  /  rlO 


. CL 

•*  The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

Executive  Office,  1 6- 1 8  Broad  St. 

.  .,,v.  —  " /  MA' 


The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 



Executive  Office,  16-18  Broad  St.  w""NO 
Mow  York,  Kocombor  10,  1890. 

Kfiluon  General  Electric  Company, 

«T,  0.  Henderson,  Esq. ,  Enginoer  in  Chief, 

03  UrOud  fktroot,  City. 

Eeur  ni’.’  Henderson  S 

Yo'u  will  recall  that  Mr,  Edison  omjihao  lac'd  the  ifcipflrtaneo 
ofliaVina  "an  electrical  canvass  made  of  our  hovnitosm  Mstribt  "about 
tli'U  feil'ddla  of  December,  it  having  boon  L  spraeti cable  to  obtain  any 
adequate  notion  of  what  the  lighting  requirements’ cif' thiii ’part  of 
How  York  wore  at  "the  time  WG  were  in  con  salt  n’t  Ion  about  this  mat  tor 
before.  We  fool,  no  previously  stated,  that  the  conditions  in  Mow 
York  so  militate  against  isiy  really  scientific  layout  of  a  foodor 
system  because  of  the  crowded  condition  of  such  main  thoroughfares 
us  Mroadvuy,  of  the  difficulties  regarding  now  paving,  of  the  com¬ 
petition  of  other  Companies  in  contain  districts,  etc.,  etc.,  that 
the  most  careful  canvass  would  give  comparatively  li t  tie  guidance 
in  the  practical  dotornination  of  the  routes,  etc.  of  feeders,  but 
wo  fool,  of  course ,  not  only  that  ;lr.  Edison's  views  on  this  sub¬ 
ject  arc  entitled  to  full  supremacy,  but  that  we  desire  to  carry 
out  his  wishes  in  such  critters  in  every  respect.  If,  therefore, 
hr.  Edison  still  desires  that  such  ’a  canvass  should  be  made,  'will 
you  kindly  lot  me  know 

whether  you  have  the  force  at  hand  for  that 


J.  0,  Henderson,  Esq.  2. 

purpose  and  when  you  could  muke  such  canvass.  It  would  bo  desir¬ 
able,  probably,  to  cover  New  York  south  from  Canal  Street  excepting 
the  poorer  quarters,  and  not  to  go  above  Oanal  Street,  as  for  some 
little  time  ahead  we  should  not  attempt  to  cover  very  much  of  the 
District  between  Canal  and  3th  Streets. 

Very  truly  yours, 

First  Vice  President. 

■  The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 



Executive  Office,  16-18  Broad  St. 

As  your  letter  <  it?  rot  i  i  to  your  pros  on  t  0  1  re  /U, 
the  ■  ,  l  1  •  ft)  t  p  %  Mr.  hendoruou  n  loiter,  o  1  <  1  npfr  i:: 

oviolosou,  ::..d  rill  ask  you  to  r.erm  hi:.  word  by  telephone  or  letter. 
I  t’  t'.iot  wo  are  in  fault  i-i  not  no:  di:  -  you  the  proi-ossed  Iny- 
ot\t  of  fuoaors  uptown  which  1  thought  3: mi  already  boon  -.t  by  our 
Electrician.  iir.  jienderoon  remind:;  no  tiu-.t  r.uoi.  is  not  t.e  or.  ->o 
I  win  -THieavor  to  have  it  coot  you  promptly; 

p-.ic  District  illus  tratoo  one  of  jgko  ■  exigencies  to  which 
wo  are  oonutm-tly  put;  we  hod  planned  that  our  1*6 odors ,  to  rceel: 
what  used  to  be  called  the  "  Fourth  District,"  should  run  fro:.;  the 
39th  Street  Station  at  40th  Street,  a  Ion;;  (3  th  Avenue  to  the  53rd 
Street  vault,  hut  it  proved  impracticable.,  to  /jet  t'.ie  assent  of  the 
Board  of  Klectriual  Control  to  reopen  6th  .Avenue  before  the  winter, 
iSTki  therefore  at  the  last  moment  we  were  -obliged  to  run  #1000 
feeder  alon/;  5th  Avenue  from  4Snd  to  54tli  Street ^ to  take  care  of 
the  heavy  load  we  are  yet  tin;;  at  the  extreme  northeast • corner  of 
the  District  for  the  ’winter. 

I  thank  you  for  yoxir 

courteous  reply  to  my  denire  to 

truly  youiv, 

(0-  O.  0  '/-wta  v  . 




* ! oVi”  York,  Bee ember  17th,  1890, 

Edison  tienoi’al  El oo trio  Oo. , 

j.  c.  iionderson,  Es<i. ,  Eneinoor  in  Chief, 

08  broad  Street,  City. 

Dear  Sir.  : 

In  mm  Mr.  Edison,  with  vrhon  I  ari  coranunioatine  in  tho 
matter,  informs  you  toy  lot  tor  or  by  tolerhono  of  his  cloolro  to  . 

},avo  the  canvass  of  the  lowor  part  of  Sow  York  made  as  oujKjestod, 
please  take  stops  to  have  tho  work  started  at  once  and  completed 
us  soon  as  practicable,  this  letter  beinjy  your  authority  from  this 
Company  for  that  purpose. 

Your  canvass  should  cover  that  part  of  the  city  extending 
from  tho  Battery  alone  the  East  River  to  Catherine  Street,  thence 
up  the  Bowery  to  8th  Street,  thonco  south  alone  Wooster  Street  to 
Canal  Street,  west  alone  Canal  Street  to  the  Worth  River  and  alone 
tho  line  of  the  Worth  River  to  the  Battery. 

Wo  understand  that  no  exact  estimate  of  tho  cost  of  this 
canvass  oan  be  made,  but  that  it  is  a  matter  of  a  few  hundred 
dollars  only. 

Very  truly  yours , 

First  Vico  President. 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

Executive  Office,  16-18  Broad  St. 

Nkw  York,  December  20th,  1890. 

The  Annual  Meeting  of  the  Stockholders  of  the  Edison  ElectricT  illuminating 
Company  of  New  York  will  be  held  at  the  office  of  the  Company,  as  above,  on  Tuesday,  the 
20th  day  of  January,  1891,  at  12  .\i„  to.  elect  thirteen  directors  for /lie  ensuing  year,  and  to 
is  may  come  before  the  meeting./' 

transact  such  other  business  ai 

Action  will  also  be  taken  by  the  Stockholders 
authorize  the 

issue,  if  authorized,  will  make  the 
$2,25o,ooo,  the  limit  allowed  by  law  ;  said 

lid^meeting  upon  a  proposition  t 

of  $25o,ooo  of  First  Mortgage  Bond^,  under  the  present  mortgage,  which 
itstanding  First  Mortgage  Bonds  of  this  Company 
: Sypoo  Bonds  or  their  proceeds  to  be  used 
only  under  vote  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of  this  Company,  for  additional  construction  work 
when  decided  upon.  / 

For  the  purpose  of  such  meeting,  the/ransfer  books  will  close  on  Friday,  January,  2nd, 
1891,  and  re-open  Wednesday,  January  l\ st,  1891. 

In  case  you  cannot  be  present  at  the  meeting,  will  you  kindly  execute  and  return  the 
enclosed  proxy  to  J.  B.  Skehan,  S^fetary,  16  Broad  Street,  New  York  City. 

J.  B.  SKEHAN, 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York 

Executive  Office,  16-18  Broad  St. 

ilcv;  vork ,  Dooc: '! 

hear  Mi'.  Main  on  : 

Re’rtyiM,;  to  your  hi  1  favor  }■•  yi  ft  Friday  »ui 
9,  '^osniiilo  day  for  you,  I  write  to  r.ny  t  jx  1  hoyn  to  >  out  in 
tho  afternoon  by  as  early  a  train  as  the  «>  mi"  out  o  to 
of  I'M  ootri  -il  Control,  which  neoto  at  l  P.  21.  0:1  that  Piy,  ril.l 

>ot  wishes  of  tho  sea; 

Very  truly  yours , 

0.o.  n  trvvCoxA 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  -  General 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  The  letters  are  by  Frank  S.  Hastings,  secretary  and 
treasurer,  and  relate  to  a  proposed  sub-station  in  Newport,  Rhode  Island,  and 
to  possible  competition  from  the  Westinghouse  Electric  Co.  On  August  1, 
1890,  this  company  became  part  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Some  of 
the  material  may  be  partially  illegible  due  to  water  damage  and  faded  ink. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  meeting  announcements;  routine  letters  requesting 
Edison  photographs  for  Carl  Schurz,  who  served  on  the  company’s  board  of 
directors;  other  routine  business  correspondence. 

F  ■■■■■■  '  " 

r  ' 




New  Yorlc, _, 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Edison’s  laboratory, 


Orange,  M.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Tate, 

Some  time  ago  certain  maps  and  determinations  were 
turned  over  either  to  Mr.  Edison  or  to  sane  one  under  his  direc¬ 
tion  in  relation  to  Newport,  R.  I.  with  a  view  to  make  up  an  es¬ 
timate  for  a  transformer  system  for  that  City.  Can  you  tell  me 
what  condition  this  matter  1b  in  and  whether  an  estimate  was  ever 
made  up  ?  Or,  if  not,  how  long  would  it  take  to  get  such  an 
estimate  1  I  fear  the  delay  will  result  in  the  Newport  Company 
negotiating  with  Westinghouse  or  sane  one  else  for  an  alternating 


yorlc . gfl'b...  1890, 

•  ,*  ' 

•v-  /ii. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir  : 

Your  favor  of  25th  inst.  regarding  NeY/p&t''l-^--a 
hand-.  I  happened  to  meet  Mr.  Kennelly  this  morning,  and  ..after  dis¬ 
cussing  the  matter  with  him,  I  agreed  to  write  to  Newport  for  the 
purpose  of  obtaining  certain  additional  data ’upon  ‘wiii'cA  to  base  an 
estimate.  As  soon  as  I  receive  this  inforihati'6'ft  I  wills' eomfmi^^|^| 
with  you  again.  As  explained  to  Mr.  Kennelly,  my  object  is  to  ob¬ 
viate  the  possibility  of  the  West inghouse  Company  selling. a  plaint 
to  light  the  residential  portion  of  Newport. 

Y6urs  very  1 


Mw  York. —,....18.9.Q.. . 

A.  E.  Kennelly  Esq., 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Kennelly  : 

I  enclose  herewith  a  letter  from  the  New¬ 
port  Company,  which  gives  information,  as  to  the  proposed  location' 
of  a  sub-station.  It  is  just  as  I  supposed;  they  propose  to  put 
this  transformer  station  west  of  Bellvi*^' Avenue.  Kindly  return 

this  letter  to  me  after  reading,  and  oblige. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  - 
Illuminating  Companies  (D-90-31) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
organization  and  operations  of  local  Edison  illuminating  companies.  Included 
are  letters  pertaining  to  the  expansion  of  the  Mount  Carmel  central  station  and 
the  construction  of  a  new  South  Side  station  in  Chicago.  Other  documents 
concern  Edison’s  and  Arthur  E.  Kennedy's  attendance  at  the  annual 
convention  of  the  Association  of  Edison  Illuminating  Companies  in 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  business 
correspondence,  mostly  regarding  orders  and  shipments;  letters  of  transmittal. 


The  Edison  Illuminating  Company 
of  Newport. 

Newport,  r.  i„  Feb.  24th.  ,1^0. 

Thos.  A.  Edison, Esq. , 
Dear  Sir:- 


Will  you  kindly  inform  us  if  you  have  yetarrivedsat  a  de¬ 

termination  for  the  operation  of  a  plant  to  light  Oohre  Point  and 

Truly  yours, 

Edison  Ill. Co. , 

per^.  (P. 

gjEjjnw  illuminating  co.  Qf 

Offices  and  Station,  ^ 

Nos.  358,  360  &  362  PEARL  STREET, 

March  31a t.  1890. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N. 

7  £ . 

The  officers  of  this  Company  have  arranged  to  throw  open  this 
Station  for  the  inspection  of  our  leading  citizens,  public  officials 
and  their  families,  on  the  evenings  of  the  8th.  and  10th.  April,  and 
cards  of  invitation  have  been  issued  for  the  same,  the  object  being 
mainly  to  familiarize  the  general  public, especially  householders,  with 
the  appliances  for  the  electric  light  and  to  demonstrate  its  safety 
and  adaptability  to  their  houses. 

The  Directors  of  the  Company  unite  with  me  in  the  expression  of 
the  earnest  hope  that  you  may  arrange  to  be  with  us  on  one  of  these 
evenings.  We  should  be  glad  to  have  you  see  our  Station,  one  of  the 
best  in  the  land  we  think,  but  we  should  be  still  more  glad  to  grasp  by 
the  hand  the  man  whose  genius  and  patient  industry  has  made  all  this 

We  will  promise  you  that  there  shall  be  no  formal  ceremony  or 
reception,  but  your  presence  cannot  fail  to  add  to  the  interest  of  the 
occasion,  as  well  as  to  assist  us  in  our  attempt  to  educate  our  people 
to  the  advantages  of  our  light. 

Very  truly  yours. 



■  flPPO'-.s  ? 

>1  -^aiscc.  '  /. 

O^I^Fl  -33SS-  '/% 

Electric  \  IlIamiRatiRi 

ry  "  '  '  ~ 

Csr*  L^--c^y 
S’  C/  'L 


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/od  P/,  2.J~X  y<k.  <6yte*y  'sP  /iZtt^zjL  yocro 

f?  {  Cera  - 


The  Chicago  Edison  Company, 

139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 

...May  - ■Gth  , . 1S!1Q., . 

A  ■/  *~y  o 

The  now  South  Side  Station  which  will  bo  located 
at  about  the  centre  of  the  district,  is  2  1/2  milos  from 
the  old  Station,  and  it  is  2  miles  from  the  property  con¬ 
trolled  by  Mr.  Villard.  The  old  station  is  a  half  mile 
from  Mr.  Villard's  property.  We  have  decided  to  build 
tlio  new  station  at  once.  We  have  orders  placed  for 
nearly  everything  necessary.  I  am  strongly  in. favor  of 
the  large  station  as  proposed  by  Mr.  villard,  and  left  with 
Mr.  Henderson  in  Now  York,  what  data  I  could.  With  the 
natural  growth  of  the  business,  we  would  want  to  start  the 
large  station  with  at  least  100,000  light  capacity,  so 
arranged  that  it  could  be  oasily  increased  100,000  lights 
mor9,  1  know  I  am  right  in  not  making  the  figures 

any  less,  although  I  think  some  people  in  Wall  Street, 
considered  me  a  little  too  enthusiastic,  although  they  didn't 

Mr.  Villard’s  property  is  splendidly  situated  for 
what  ho  proposed,  and  I  am  very  anxious  for  immediate  action, 
as  it  will  take  until  next  Spring  to  perfect  the  plan,  yet 
we  might  by  activity,  get  all  material  to  complete  it,  so  we 
could  being  early  next  Spring  and  have  everything  in  operation 

By  Pall. 

The  Chicago  Edison  Company, 

139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 


I  write  this  to  keep  the  subject  before  you,  and 
hope  to  see  it  carried  into  effect  early.  It  will  be  un¬ 
necessary  for  me  to  write  Mr.  Viilard  on  the  matter,  because 
he  lias  it  in  mind,  and  I  told  Mr.  Henderson  to  not  hesitate 
to  call  on  me  for  any  data,  which  will  enable  him  to  make 
a  rough  estimate  of  the  cost,  that  we  might  prepare  early 
to  raise  the  necessary  money. 

Very  truly  yours, 





Officers,  1889-90. 


ROOM  71,  NO.  44  WALL  STREET. 

NEW  YORK,  August  15th,  1890. 


Gentlemen  : 

The  Annual  Convention  of  the  Association  of  Edison  Illuminating  Companies  for  the 
gear  1890,  will  be  held  at  the  West  Hotel,  Minneapolis,  Minn.,  commencing  on  Tuesday,  September  16th. 

importance.  Among  these  mag  be  noted  the  fact  that  as  a  gear  has  elapsed  since  the  last  Convention,  many 
events  of  vital  consequence  have  occurred,  and  the  general  progress  of  the  Edison  business  will  not  only  bring 
many  new  and  interesting  phases  of  electric  light  work  before  the  Convention,  but  will  point  many  practical 
lessons  to  the  active  executive  members  of  the  various  illuminating  companies  composing  our  Association. 

A  circular  will  be  issued  within  the  next  two  weeks  stating  more  in  detail  the  principal  features  of  the 
Convention  ;  but  it  is  now  important  to  note  that  the  managers  of  the  principal  stations  of  the  country  are 
expressing  an  unusual  interest,  that  the  officials  of  the  parent  company  are  making  preparations  to  attend,  and 
that  the  presence  of  Mr.  Edison  (which  is  always  a  source  of  inspiration)  is  assured. 

The  neighborhood  of  the  twin  cities  of  Minneapolis  and  St.  Paul  was  recommended  by  the  Executive 
Committee  and, approved  by  the  last  Convention  as  desirable  for  many  reasons,  among  others  that  the  delegates 
will  be  afforded  an  opportunity  to  combine  with  their  attendance  upon  the  business  of  the  Convention  an 
enjoyable  vacation.  The  two  cities  to  which  the  attention  of  the  delegates  will  be  naturally  directed  are 
especially  interesting  on  account  of  their  large  Edison  central  stations  and  their  Sprague  electric  railways. 

In  addition  to  these  features  of  attraction  it  should  be  especially  noted  that  the  session  occurs  during  the 
period  of  greatest  activity  in  the  Minneapolis  Industrial  Exposition,  which  will  present  as  one  of  its  principal 
attractions  the  Paris  Exhibit  of  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  lately  shov/n  at  the  Lenox  Lyceum,  New  York  City,  and 
embracing  the  long  line  of  inventions  from  the  early  electric  "vote  recorder"  to  the  perfected  phonograph.  An 
elaborate  exhibition  of  the  phonograph  is  in  preparation,  as  well  as  several  peculiar  and  beautiful  lighting  effects 
on  a  scale  which  has  never  before  been  attempted  in  the  history  of  the  incandescent  art.  In  connection  with  the 
forth-coming  circular,  careful  details  of  the  arrangement  of  the  Exposition  will  be  communicated,  it  is  sufficient 
now  to  say  that  its  attractions  were  considered  by  the  Executive  Committee,  sufficient  to  warrant  the  postpone¬ 
ment  of  our  session  from  the  date  in  August,  at  which  it  should  have  occurred  in  the  ordinary  course  of  events,  to 
the  later  date  specified.  ,  , 

The  City  of  Minneapolis  is  in  many  respects  a  desirable  resort  at  this  period  of  the  year,  situated  as  it  is 
near  the  Lake  country  of  Minnesota,  with  easy  railroad  communication  to  numberless  points  of  interest  within  the 
State  and  along  the  Great  Lakes,  It  may  safely  be  predicted  that  many  of  the  delegates  will  take  advantage  of 
the  readiness  with  which  they  can  prolong  their  trip  after  the  convention  by  visiting  some  of  these  localities  which 
can  be  reached  without  any  considerable  expense  or  loss  of  time. 

Arrangements  have  been  made  by  which  delegates  can  engage  in  advance  rooms  at  $3.00  per  day,  or 
$3.50  per  day  with  bath,  these  prices  including  board,  and  those  who  may  attend  may  be  assured  of  first-class 
accommodations,  as  this  hotel  justly  enjoys  the  reputation  of  being  one  of  the  best  in  the  United  States.  The 
proprietor  will  place  at  the  disposal  of  the  Association  a  hall  for  our  meetings,  and  all  desirable  committee  rooms. 
Accommodations  should  be  secured  by  mail  or  telegraph  as  early  as  convenient,  as  the  month  of  September  is 
one  of  the  busiest  of  the  year  at  this  popular  resort,  and  the  Exposition  will  probably  tax  the  capacity  of  all  the 
hotels  in  the  city. 

Yours  very  truly, 

W.  J.  JENKS, 





:kt,  JOHN  I,  DISCOS. 

'-'7  per' 

'  ft  I  t  <■ 


ROOM  71,  NO.  44  WALL  STREET. 

Executive  Committee,  1 

I*.  EDGAR,  BOSTON,  >1. 

!  //« 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq** 
Orange,  N*  JV 

Dear  Sir  :  — 

I  sand  under  another  cover  notloes  of  the  meeting  of  the 
Association  at  Minneapolis*  Ife  have  been  assured  that,  if  possible 
you  would  accompany  the  party,  and  it  is  certain  that  this  announce¬ 
ment  will  exercise  a  great  influence  toward  making  this  one  of  our 
best  Conventions* 

It  1b  difficult  to  express  the  Importance  which  attached 
to  the  presence  of  Mr*  Kemelly  at  the  Niagara  Falls  meeting  last 
year*  His  paper  on  the  ^Heating  of  Electric  Conductors*  was  per¬ 
haps  the  most  thoroughly  practical  feature  of  the  discussions,  and 
was  rendered  vastly  more  forcible  by  his  personal  magnetism  and  the 
force  of  his  direct  address*  If  not  inconsistent  with  your  other 
plans  it  would  certainly  be  of  great  value  to  have  him  go  to 
Minneapolis  this  year  and  present  something  to  the  Convention  from 
the  fund  of  information  frail  which  he  always  draws  so  clearly 
and  happily*  If  thiB  is  impossible,  I  hope  it  may  not  be  out  of 
the  question  fbr  him  to  write  a  paper,  and  I  think  if  you  will  in- 

struct  him  to  do  so  we  shall  profit  very  much  by  it* 

If  you  will  direct  him  to  reply  in  accordance  with  your 

wishes  and  plana  it  will  assist  me  very  muoh  in  making  up  the  prog- 
ranmo  of  the  session. 

<f  I  *1“  t*>s  $ ) 



R  JVbu;  York, . August-. . 


A.O.Tat e,Esq. .Private  Secretary, 

Edison  Labratory, 

Orange, N.  J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  27th, with  relation 
to  Mr.  Edison  going  to  Minneapolis. 

1  don't  think  there  is  any  necessity  of  showing  Mr.  Edison  the 
letter  from  Mr.  Jenks.  If  you  do, I  think  Mr.  Edison  will  nuke  a 
point  blank  refusal  to  go  to  Minneapolis. 

I  had  Mr.  Edison's  partial  consent  to  going, and  I  would  pre¬ 
fer  to  leave  the  matter  in  this  shape  until  a  day  or  so  before  the 
Convention.  I  hope  to  have  other  business  that  will  draw  Mr.  Edi¬ 
son  to  the  West  at  the  same  time. 

I  have  sent  for  Mr.  Jenks, and  am  going  for  him  pretty  lively 
for  interfering  in  the  matter.  I  have  had  some  correspondence 
with  Mr.  JfW'ri^'previously  on  the  matter. 



C  ••^•1  '*  -V  1 

Dear  Sir: 

Herewith  please  find  cljeck  for 

$  /Xrt. - -  being  dividend  No.  £  on  Scares 

of  Stock  standing  in  your  name  on  / 0^  ,  18  r/rf 
Please  acknowledge  receipt, 

E.  C.  TIER,  Treasurer. 

gfiCb  -  Mt 


/J(9 'C$4 Y-Yic/fi’Uy  (EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.,  / 

X  I<  A.  Edison  Esq.,  / 

Orange,  N.J.  / 

Dear  Sir  j-  / 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 

15+.h  inst.  enclosing  letter  from  thji  President  of  the  Edison 

Electric  Illuminating  Company  of  Carmel,  Pa«,  dated  Sept.  10th, 

and  enclosing  a  waive/  to  be  executed  by  Mr.  Edison  of  the  regular 

notice  of  Stockholders  meeting^  You  suggest**  the  possibility 

of  Mr.  Edison' 8  signature  to/ the  waiver  of  notice  carrying  with 


j  obligation 

in  his part  to  subscribe  for  his  proportion 

of  the  proposed  increase/in  the  capital  stook. 

There  is  no  such  obligation  imposed  upon  Mr#  Edison,  «Lq 
only  effect  of  signing  the  waiver,  is  to  relieve  the  officers  of  the 
Company  frompublishiqg  a  notice  of  stockholders  meeting  for  60 
days.  To  hold  a  stockholders  meeting  upon  a  less  notice  than 
60  days  publication,  would  be  an  irregularity  were  it  not  for  th» 

I  waiver,  that  is  the  only  purpose  or  object  of  the  waiver,  anl  no 
obligation  is  undertaken  beyond  that  of  not  questioning  the 


regularity  of  the  meeting. 

We  return  to  you  herewith  Mr.  Watkins'  letter  together 
with  the  proposed  waiver. 

Yours  truly. 

c z£f~  C-cro 

.£«■»  «f 


Mount  Carmel,  Pa.,  September  10/90 

Thomas  A.EdiBOn.Esq. , 

New  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  directors  of  the  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Company  of 
this  place  are  desirous  of  improving  their  plant, and  for  this  pur¬ 
pose  wish  to  increase  their  capital  stock  from  $16000,00  to  $30, 
000. 00. To  do  this  the  law  requires  that  a  notice  be  published  for 
60  days  pr6or  to  the  election  to  be  held  by  the  stockholders  for 
the  purpose  of  voting  on  the  same.Tha  authorities  of  the  town  are 
desirous  of  having  the  streets  lighted, and  on  this  account  we  will 
have  to  act  immediately, to  prevent  others  coming  in  and  talcing  the 
contract. Under  the  law  the  election  can  be  held  on  thB  22nd  of  this 
month, providing  that  the  unanimous  consent  of  the  stockholder  is 
obtained, waiving  the  required  notice. If ithe  proposed  increase  meets 
with  you  approval, I  wish  that  you  would  please  execute  a  power  of 
attorney  to  the  secretary  of  the  company, I. W. Kaiser, authorizing  him 
to  sign  your  name  waivin' g  the  notice. I  also  enclose  a  oppy  of 
the  waiver, which  we  are  getting  the  stockholders  here  to  sign, 
which, if  you  see  fit, sign, as  we  may  be  able  to  get  along  with  this, 
and  not  need  the  power  of  attorney. Please  let  me  hear  from  you  at 
fence, and  oblige 

Yours  Truly 

■  ■  :  •  •  •  . 


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From . San  '1  Insull , . Second  V  President , 

lo A- . 0. Tate, . Esqr. ,  Private  .Secretary, 

Octo.  3rd.,  1890,' 


I  enclose  you  herewith,  a  copy  of  the  Due  Bill,  showing^/^. 
that  Mr.  Shaw  is  entitled  to  three  Shares  of  the  Edison  Electric  ^ 
Illuminating  Co.  of  Mount  Carmel,  but  will  you  please  find  out 
whether  you  have  this  stock  in  the  safe  at  Orange,  or  whether  it 
is  here  in  New  York:  if  in  New  York,  I  will  get  Mr.  Edison  to  get 
out  the  stock,  the  first  time  he  is  in  town.  A  \J 




0CT  2  1890  ■ 

The  Rdiion  Kletrie  Light  Company, 

Ans'd . 

S3  Fifth  Ayenue.  . 

New  Tork.aoth  Oct  1385. 

Dna  to  P.B.Shaw(  to  be  delivered  on  receipt  of  etoek  from 
Company)  three  ehares  fully  paid  etock  of  the  Rdi eon  Blectric  Ill' 
muninating  Oonp any  of  Mount  Camel , Pa. 

Thoe  A.Rdieon, 

By  Samuel  Xnaull, 



A  do  & 

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Mt.  Carrriel,  Pa., 



r^f. . ^2 . 

Herewitti  please  find  c^eck  for 
$  / 35,(y?y>  being  dividend  No.  Z£$Tok\  ^yj^ares 
of  Stock  standing  in  your  narne  on  ,  is 

•  Please  acknowledge  receipt. 

E.  C.  TIER,  Treasurer. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company 
of  Philadelphia  (D-90-32) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Philadelphia.  Most  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  William  D.  Marks,  general  manager  of  the  company. 
There  are  also  several  reports  by  Marks  to  the  company’s  board  of  directors 
concerning  the  construction  and  operation  of  central  stations. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  meeting  announcements;  other  routine  business 
correspondence;  order  forms  for  supplies. 




Philadelphia ,Pa.  Hah ./&  189 Cr 

To  the  President  and  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Philadelphia. 

Your  Station  at  908  Sansom  St.  having  been  in" operation 
ten  months  lacking  5  days  to  Jan'y.  1st  1890,  it  will  be  of  in¬ 
terest  to  you  to  have  a  history  of  its  operation  and  progress 
from  its  beginning. 

Since  starting  we  have  met  with  no  mishaps,  preventing 
us  from  at  all  times  delivering  a  satisfactory  light  to  our  cus¬ 
tomers,  saive  on  Arch  St.  between  13th  &  Juniper,  where,  owing 
to  the  refusal  of  the  city  authorities  to  allow  us  to  make  street 
repairs  in  winter,  four  of  our  customers  are  not  receiving  light. 

X  have  in  special  communications  brought  this  matter  to  your  at¬ 
tention,  and  only  refer  to  it  to  again  earnestly  solicit  your 
assistance  in  obtaining  such  legislation  as  will  relieve  us  from 
the  burden  of  this  condition. 

The  building  of  the  station  is  completed  as  far  as  the 
top  of  the  4th  story  being  covered  by  a  temporary  vcooden  roof. 

Every  part  of  this  building  save  the  roof  is  absolutely 
fireproof,  being  wholly  built  of  stono,  brick,  iron  and  slato  in 
the  best  substantial  manner  and  of  sufficient  strength  to  permit 
the  additional  four  stories1  required  to  enable  the  station  to  be  ' 
run  to  its  full  capacity  of  120,000  lamps  burning  at  once. 





The  four  additional  storios  required  are  as  follows :- 
5th  story.  Smoko  flues,  ash  railway,  blast  fans  and  pipe 
Y/ater  tanks. 

4  batteries  of  boilers  ef  a  total  nominal 
H.P .  of  4000. 

Coal  bins  for  1000  tons  of  coal. 

Office  for  Yforks ,  bed  rooms,  storage  floor 
for  street  Yfork. 

Tlio  estimate  of  the  cost  of  completing  the  present 
station  is  as  follov/s. — 

For  building  4  storios  additional  $100,000. 

For  14  engines  and  28  dynamos  210,000. 

For  boilers  on  4th  and  6th  floors  90,000. 

For  additions  to  street  conductors  500,000. 

For  Cash  capital  (?)  10£,£0C). 


The  completion  of  the  station  Trill  enable  us  to  vastly 
increase  our  out  put  without  increasing  our  running  expenses  save 
for  coal  and  lamps  and  to  manufacture  electric  light  at  a  cost 
less  than  any  illuminating  gas  is  now  manufactured. 

The  wisdom  of  the  Board  of  Directors  in  making  the  sel¬ 
ling  price  of  the  wlcctric  light  3/4  cent  per  lamp  hour  equiva¬ 
lent  to  $1.50  per  K  for  gas  has  been  fully  confirmed  by  the 
.unprecedented  demand  for  our  light  as  we  have  made  far  more  ra¬ 
pid  progress  in  obtaining  customers  than  has  ever  been  known  in 

any  other  city. 

If  these  works  can  be  completed  and  the  price  of  the 
electric  light  put  at  5/8  cent  per  lamp  hour  equivalent  to  gas 
at  $1.25  per  M  we  can  get  ten  customers  where  we  have  one  now 
and  the  works  loaded  to  their  fullest  capacity  of  about  240,000 
lamps  wired. 

I  would  not  suggest  any  change  in  price  as  matters 
stand  at  present  for  our  street  conductors  have  but  a  capacity 
of  50,000  lamps  and  our  dynamos  a  capacity  of  24,000  lamps 

The  present  equipment  of  the  works  is  as  follows . 

1st  floor.  Six  engines  of  nominal  440  H.P.  oach. 

2nd  11  12  dynamos,  nominal  capacity  2000  lights  oach 

3rd  "  2  Blast  fans,  2  water  tanks,  2  ash  railway 

2  smoko  fluos,  workshop , otc . 

4th  "  Six  boilers  of'  a  total  nominal  capacity  of 

2000  H.P.  and  appurtenances. 

There  is  now  in  process  of  erection  a  third  battery 
of  boilers  of  a  nominal  1000  H.P.  capacity,  contracted  to  be  fin¬ 
ished  in  February. 

The  success  of  our  venture  in  digging  a  well  for  water 
for  boilers  is  now  assured,  as  it  has  saved  $2000.  water  rental 
from  the  city  the  first  year.  This  well  at  no  time  under  the 
heaviest  drafts  made  upon  it  has  lowered  its  water  ieviil  more  than 
IS  inches,  and  after  a  careful  study  of  the  analysis  of  the 
water  a  proper  compound  was  devised  preventing  injurious  action’ 
cf  the  water  upon  the  iron  of  the  boilers,  due  to  sewage  matter  ':- 
contained,  and  to  scale  forming  miner^s  in  solution. 




V/e  have  up  to  the  present  opened  65,514  feet  of  ditch  ah', 
placed  therein  160,688  feet  of  3  wire  conductors  (34-1-/3  miles) 

See  Map.  To  our  mains  we  have  connected  600  service  conduct¬ 
ors  supplying  567  light  customers  and  107  motor  eustomers,  or 
674  cvistomers  in  all. 

During  the  Winter  months,  we  are  prevented  from  making 
house  connections  and  therefore  save  for  increase  in  our  pres¬ 
ent  consumers  lights  or  motors  wo  are  making  small  progress.  1 
am  assured  by  one  of  the  firms  now  selling  motors  that  they  have 
orders  exceeding  200  H.  p.  to' be  attached  after  March  1st,  and 
as  we  have  at  least  a  dozen  different  motor  firms  actively  engag¬ 
ed  in  soliciting  business.  I  do  not  overestimate  in  predict¬ 
ing  an  increase  of  1000  H.  P.  in  our  motor  businoss  next  Summer, 
and  Autumn.  As  we  have  reached  the  safe  capacity  of  our  pres¬ 
ent  machinery  there  is  no  present  reason  to  regret  the  stoppage- 
of  our  progress  in  the  streets  . 

. In  order  to  meet  the  necessary  repairs  to  street  work 
and  to  make  service  connections,  it  has  been  necessary  to  keep  in 
stock  a  small  assortment  of  electrical  conductors  or  various 
sizes  . 

Wo  have  also  to  keep  in  stock  lamps,  meters  and  the  va¬ 
ried  appliances  required  by  our  twelve  wiring  forms. 

The  appended  list  will  give  you  an  inventory  of  least 
amount  we  have  found  it  possible  to  carry  and  which  is  now  on 

SUMMARY  OR  VALUATION 'OR 'STOCK,  Jany  1st,  1S90. 

Lamps ,  -------- 

Meters,  -------- 

Sockets,  ------- 

Receptacles,  -  -  -  -  - 

Switches,  -  ----- 

CUt-outs,  ------- 

Bushings ,------- 

Plugs,  -------- 

Miscellaneous  ,  -  -  -  - 
Amp  Are  Slips,  -  -  -  -  - 
Tubes  "Mains",  -  -  -  - 
"Reeders ",  -  -  - 
Service  Joints,  -  -  -  - 
Service  End  Boxes,  -  - 

Shades ,  -------- 

Lead-covered  cable,  -  - 
Junction  Box,  -  -  -  -  - 

Short  pieces,  "Mains" 

- $3687 .75 

-  1490.85 

.  1138.62 

-  -  - - r-  132.40 

---------  354.55 

* -  500.27 

& -  23.10 

-  155.29 

-  44.40 

-  181.91 

-  $797.46 

- 73-9’4l  1516.87 

-  -  256.67 

-  98.10 

-  78.52 

-  14.03 

-  577.02 

-  ____  -  -  216.00 


- $802.11 

No  1 

-  174 . 69  2-976 .80 

ValueJ _ 


The  wiring  firms  recommended  in  our  circulars  are  each 
of  them  furnished  with  carefully  elaborated  rules  and  tables, 
which  our  Inspectors  are  required  to  see  exaotly  carried  out. 


m  & 

our  inspection  of  their  work  is  completed,,  the 
current  is  turned  on  when  the  certificate  of  inspection  by  the  In¬ 
surance  companies  is  obtained  and  shown  to  us. 

We  sell  to  authorized  wiring  firms  all  electric  light 
appliances  at  8  %  above  vrhat  they  are  billed  to  us ,  By  this 
means  we  have  greatly  assisted  the  introduction  of  our  light  by 
diminishing  the  first  cost  of  wiring  without  loss  to  ourselves. 

As  we  have  enough  firms  at  vrork  to  create  a  lively  competition, 
we  have  prevented  monopoly  and  excessive  charges  for  wiring  on 
their  part.  As  each  firm  gets  a  commission  of  15  cents  a  light 
and  $1.50  per  H.  P.  for  each  motor  the  solicitation  of  these  firm: 
has  boon  active  and  their  preference  has  been  for  our  Station  as 
against  the  V/estinghouse  and  Brush  Incandescent  light  Stations 
'in  this  City. 

By  reason  of  the  unvarying  steadiness  and  brilliancy 
of  our  light,  wo  have  already  obtained  many  of  the  former  custom¬ 
ers  of  these  above  mentioned  stations  without  any  abatement  from 
our  regular  prices.  -  'Whore  ever  complaints  have  come  to  us  of 
poor  light,  it  has  been  found  to  be  caused  by  insiifficiont  wiring 
in  the  building  and  not  to  be  due  to  any  other  cause. 

The  advantage  of  having  a  large  number  of  wiring 
firms  is  shown  in  one  ability  to  meet  a  sudden  rush  of  demands 
:  for  wiring  and  in  freeing  the  Station  work  from  the  annoyance 
of  the  numberless  small  corrections  and  alterations  required  in 
the  wiring,  by  the  vagaries  of  our  customers. 

We  have  in  our  20  odd  wiring  and  motor  firms  a  large 
and  actively  interested  body  of  solicitors  and  canvassers  Y/hose 

6  I) 


interests  are  identical  with  ours  and  who  have  done  and  will  do 
us  excellent  service,  leaving  to  us  the  obligation  to  furnish, 
at  a  moderate  price,  a  perfect  light  only  in  order  to  obtain  a 
business  of  practically  unlimited  scope  in  the  near  future,  if 
you  desire  to  obtain  it. 

A  careful  system  of  keeping  log  of  all  the  steam  and 
electrical  work  in  the  station  has  been  inaugurated.  At  regular 
■intervals  of  one  quarter  of  an  hour  reports  of  the  steam  press¬ 
ures,  engines  in  action,  eloctrica.1  nrossures  and  quantities 
are  recorded  on  the  log  book  and  in  ‘’'is  way  a  continual  and 
clefcfc, chock  is  kept  upon  all  the  wm-v  in  the  station.  In  ad¬ 
dition,  each  head  of  department  makes  to  the  supervising  Engi¬ 
neer  a  written  daily  report  between  6  and  7  P.  M. 

All  of  the  water  used  in'. the  boilers  is  passed  through 
a  meter  and  thus  a  constant  tost  of  tho  evaporation  value  of  the 
coal  used  is  obtained  and  a  chock  put  upon  the  use  of  poor  coal 
or  upon  bad  firing.  I  find  the  Xeo  Coal  (Buckwheat)  has  an 
average  evaporation  of  Qx/2  to  9  lbs.  of  water  per  pound  of  Coal 
at  about  130  lbs.  pressure,  which  may  be  considered  a  good  re¬ 
sult  . 


February  -  161975  lbs.  used  for  drying  out  furnaces. 

March  -  547325  " 

April  -  531335  « 


-  738520 

883970  lb  a  . 

*  t 

,Tuly  -  043035  " 

August,  -  698355  •' 

September  724475  « 

October  -  896850  " 

November  -  1237885  ” 

December  -  1673640  11 

84-77365  «  37841/fe  tons. 

The  Al’millEton  *  3ims  engines  used  are  producing  one  j- 
dicat ed  horse  power  per  hour  for  an  average  of  from  2^/2  to  3 
lbs.  of  coal.  The  pumps  and  fans  used  also  make  demands  upon 
the  steam  and  do  not  use  it  so  economically,  The  demand  for 
lights  has  so  rapidly  increased  that  it  would  have  been  impossi¬ 
ble  to  have  kept  up  steam,  without  blast  fans,  and  we  would  have 
found  it  necessary  to  pump  the  City  water,  just  as  we  do  the 
well  water  to  our  boilers  on  the  4th  floor. 

The  engines  with  occasional  snail  break-downs  have  ful¬ 
ly  met  our  expectations,  and  the  dynamos  although  giving  us  much 
trouble  with  the  bearings  have  otherwise  performed  sat isfactrily 
•"showing  high  efficiency  while  the  groat  weight  of  engine  fly 
wheels  and  dynamo  armatures  have  so  steadied  their  motion,  as 
to  give  a  light  entirely  devoid  of  the  slight  flicker  frequent¬ 
ly  found  in  s nailer  installations. 

The  motor  firms  engaged  in  selling  motors  pronounce 

our  current  absolutely  perfect  for  „ 

periec,  for  their  purposes  ,  and  save  where- 



poT/or  is  used  constantly  are  more,  .  han  pleased  with  our  exceed¬ 
ingly  moderate  inoter  bills. 

'  rJaa  Engines  througli  the  City  when  heavily  worked,  con¬ 
tinuously  produce  a  horse  power  at  about  5  cents  per  hour,  or 
33 V3  %  less  than  our  charge  of  /  per  K.  P.  Hour.  They 

require  more  room  oiling  and  attention,  and  are  more  expensive 
than  electric  motors  under  light  and  variable  loads. 

During  the  month  of  December,  the  average  cost  of  one 
horse  power  hour  all  and  every  expense  connected  with  running  • 
tho  works  included,  has  boon  slightly  loss  than  4I/2  cents. 

With  the  works  increased  to  full  capacity  we  will 
reach  a  minimum  cost  slightly  loss  than  23/4  cents  per  H.  P. 
hour.  We  arc  now  ablo  to  produce  power  at  a  cost  loss  than  the 
■gas  engine  and  with  completed  works,  can  sell  at  a  good  profit 
at  5  cents  per  H.p.hour  and  obtain  many  thousand  horse  powers. 

Tho  following  is  the  amount  of  current  used  by  cus- 

June , 
"Aug  list 

each  month  since  station 
29865  1  hrs . 

205336  »  » 

-  298352  >'  " 

329890  "  " 

385168  11  ” 

407060  «  " 

started,  from  consumers  meters. 

841/4  H.  P.  Hrs. 

19222/3  "  *  « 

37631/4  "  11  " 

66901/4  "  u  " 

78031/2  "  “  « 

V  & 

Oct ober 
Nov  eirb  er 







1  Sir's  . 

752S1/?-  H.  P.  Hr  s  . 

715  0V2  "  “ 

8689V2  %  «  » 

108391/2  "  ’>  >' 

54472  »  "  >' 

The  appended  table  shoves  the  number  of  lamps  exchang¬ 
ed  .  We  give  new  lamps  for  old  ones  returned  with  glass  unbro¬ 
ken.  It  is  our  practice  to  change  lamps  returned  with  glass 
unbroken  without  comment  using  those  vdiich  are  blackened,  but 
have  whole  carbons  in  the  works  and  for  test  lamps,  etc. 

We  also  exchange  the  lamps  to  suit  the  wishes  of  cus- 
tumers  as  to  candle  power  trying  in  every  way  to  make  them  feel 

Many  of  these  customers  are  exceedingly  changeable  in 
their  views  hut  they  generally  settle  down  contented  after  a- 
while . 

We  have  sent  bills  for  lamps  furnished  to  the  City 
Authorities,  although  we  are  obliged  by  the  terms  of  a  bill  giv¬ 
ing  us  a  right  to  lay  tubes  for  a  few  blocks  on  Arch  and  other 
streets  to  furnish  current  free  of  charge  to  City  offices  and 
schools.  If  possible,  some  limit  should  be  placed  to  the  uso 
of  our  current  by  these  people,  as  they  are  very  lavish  in  its 


■t  $ 

LAMPS  EXCHANGED  PROM  MARCH  1889  TO  JAM ' Y  1.  1890:— 

TcoiledI  7  Total 

16c }32c i24c 150c 18c Inight  IlOOb ilSOc J20 1  Amt. 
_  _  jLamp  _1 _ . _ Ij3  H _ 


83  1 

283  2  1  .1 

324  4 

348  4 

340  3 

563  9 

656  0 

1195  10 

2560  25 

3685  15 

_1 0,037  _82 

1  1 
4  1 


12  7  1 

20  1  2  1 

19  2  9  1 

2C  4  _6  _5 

76  11  26  9 





1  1  350 

1  575 

1  1  687 

1  24.  1236 

162  2625 

__  _4 _ 8  3747 

_4 _ 14  _15  10j_274 

32c .p .lamps  reduced  to  16 

24  »  «  "  »  114  , 

50  "  «  »  «  34 

8  "  "  »  »  13 

100  ”  11  “  «  25 

150  11  “  “  «  130 

20  “  "  ”  «  20 

Total  in  16°/p  lps  10538 

Dividing  the  lamp  hours  sold  6950163  by  10538  lamps 
replaced  gives  very  cl&93*ly  an  average  of  660  hours  of  lamp  life 

of  600 

Although  this  lamp  life  exceeds  the  guarantee 
hours,  it  is  not  a  wholly  satisfactory  result  on  so  steady  a  cm  • 
rent  as  has  been  furnished  as  their  life  should  be  greater.  A 
system  of  stamping  the  date  on  each  lamp  as  it  is  given  out  has 
been  adopted  and  will  enable  us  to  identify  bad  lots  of  lamps, 
the  product  of  tire  Edison  Lamp  Co.  has  of  late  been  .very  uneven 
and  caused  much  dissatisfaction  among  our  customers,  having  iso¬ 
lated  plants. 

Since  starting  the  Station,  we  have  had  applications 
for  light  and  power  to  the  amount  of 

33748  sixteen  C  p  lamps. 

344  Horso  power  of  Motors. 

or  reckoning  each  H.  P.  as  equal  to  15  -  16  c  p  lamps.  'lie  have 
applications  amounting  to 

38,908  sixteen  c.  p.  lamps.  - 

Of  these  we  have  attached  to  the  Station  conductors 
23,579  sockets  for  lamps  containing  the  equivalent  of  24,463 
sixteen  candle  power  lamps ,  and  also  107  motors  aggregating  227 
Horse  powers.  Reckoning  15  lamps  (16  c.  p . )  to  the  Horse  power 
those  are  equivalent  to  3405  lamps  -  making  the  aggregate  in 
16  c.  p.  lamps  27,868. 

The  appended  table  will  show  the  growth  of  the  Station 
lighting  during  the  past  10  months  and  also  show  the  number  and 
sizes  of  lamps  originally  introduced  into  sockets. 

*  & 

LAMPS  IN  SOCKET  TO  JAN 1 Y  1,  1800. 

1  coi  -Led  j 

4o  |  8o  f  16o  !  20el  24o|  S2c  I  50o  1 100c  1 150c  1  Night !  TOT Al] 

(!  1  i  i  1  i,  i  !  i  LAMPS  I  AMT.. 

_ ! _ i _ i  i  1  1  i 



;  i 2ai 

1 - 

1  1 



— f — r— ^ 

.  2  |  128 1  378  1 



1  t  64 




|  1  72  ^ 




.  i  873 


*  r' 



■  1  1 

1  1  881 


lj  1  113 


,  . 

1  113  1 


i  S.>,  2566 


f  1  2571  j 


j  5  1  2068 1 

371  39 


j  1  2166  ' 


.  if  935 

3  j  2 



|  943  | 



1  j  1022 1 

7,  10l 



2 i  1043  1 


1  1 

1  2  ,  555 1 


i  4|  9| 

j  j  576  1 


^  1  i  1344  j 

1  1  ^ 


j  1382  1 


1  8  1  2804 ' 


j  105 '  #6 ! 



1  1  f  2981  ! 


Il62  1  2644 

7  I 

i  1 

i  26  207 


■  3049  1 


*148 J  3156 1 

12  | 

1  1 
S5 (  120 



1  1  | 


134  i  3e47| 

54  | 

69)  108' 


_ |_ 


1  1 
|  3  i  4034  j 

r  ' 



1 455 (22032J 

II  I 

79  | 

_ I 

33SJ  604J 

I  1 


17 1 
_ !_ 

t  r 

5  1133J  23,722 

I  I 

■  16  C.P.  3 

{232 122032 | 

99  I 

504 11208 f 



1501  161  24,463  , 

r  8 


The  subjoined  brief  Summary  shows  how  wo  have  disposed 
of  the  lamps  bought . 

S  U  M  M  A  R  Y. 

■Lamps  placed  in  sockets,  ----------  23,722 

Lamps  exchanged  and  broken,  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10,274 

Merchandise  sold  6,530 

Lamps  in  Stock  Room  -------------  9,629 

Claim  in  Lamp  Co  (allowed)  ---------  1,190 

Old  lamps  for  station  use,  -------  800 

52,  145 

Lamp  Rec'd,  --------------  -  51  ,  870 

Excess  unaccounted  for  ---------  -  275. 

You  have  already  an  estimate  showing  $900,000  to  be 
required  to  complete  the  Station  to  its  full  capacity. 

V/e  have  sufficient  coppor  in  underground  conductors 
to  parry  50,000  lights  burning  at  once,  and  machinery  for  24,000 
lights.  Should  you  deem  it  advisablo  to  double  the  present  ca¬ 
pacity  of  machinery  without  increasing  the  street  conductors,  the 

following  is  the  estimate  of  cost. 

4  stories  to  Building,  --------  $100,000 

6  Engines  and  12  Dynamos,  -  -  -  -  -  90,000 

9  boilers  and  fittings,  -  -  -  -  -  -  60,000 

Giving  a  lamp  capacity  of  48,000  lights,  -  -  250,000 

Should  you  deem  it  proper  to  use  the  space  in  the 

North-east  corner  of  the  4th  floor  (now  used  for  coal  storage) 

*.  ft 

for  cm  additional  battery  of  boilers  the  estimate  is-  as- follows: 

3  Boilers  and  fittings,  -----  -§20,000 

S  Engines  and  6  Dynamos ,  -  -  -  -  - 45,000 

This  will  give  a  total  lamp  capacity  of  36,000  and 
render  it  necessary  to  store  our  coal  elsewhere  than  in  the 


As  a  summary  we  have  as  required. 

For  the  completed  Station  and  street  work,  -  -  -  $900,000 
Eor  double  the  present  lamp  capacity  (48000)  -  -  -250,000 
For  an  increase  of  one-half  in  one 

present  lamp  capacity  (36,000)  --------  65,000 

Under  the  existing  &nnditions  as  to  patent  protection 
we  cannot  hope  for  a  speculativa  profit  on  electric  lighting  ma¬ 
terials  as  the  competition  is  of  the  severest  kind,  but  by  giv¬ 
ing  a  uniform  light  and  by  concentrating  great  power  into  a  sin¬ 
gle  station  and  thereby  economizing  labor,  we  are  enabled  to  make 
a  profit  where  lesser  plants  would. meet  with  a  loss  and  as  stated 
before  wo  are  now  taking  customers  irom  our  rivals. 

Finally  X  may  be  pardoned  for  again  calling  your  at¬ 
tention  to  the  fact  that  by  far  the  most  valuable  possession  we 
have  is  our  right  to  lay  conducts  in  the  streets  of  Philadelphia 
and  for  urging  you  to  take  such  steps  as  will  preserve  it  to  us 
and  enlarge  our  existing  limits  and  privileges. 

I  am, 

Very  Respectfully  and  truly  yours , 

Supervising  Eng.  &  General  Manager 


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light  nm  actual  data  obtained  from  tub  books 


The  cost  of  producing  incandcjscorvt  light  lias  various 
practical  factors  in  it  which  cannot  easily  bo  forenoon  or  estima- 
ted  i.n  advance  and  therefore  arc.  boot  derived  from  ti  review  of 
the  actual  expanses  fur  tho  fail*  months  above  mentioned. 

Tho  interest  on  the  original  investment,  (which  is  ua- 
ctv:iecl  to  be  covered  by  dividend  and  interest  on  stock  und  bonds) 
can  for  tho  present  be negloctod. 

The  expenses  then  divide  themselves  into  two  c lasses —  ■ 

FIRST!  Constant  charges  irrespective  of  the  number 
of  lamps  burning,  whether  there  be  few  or  many.  A  contain  number 
of  lump  hours  must  bo  sold  in  order  to  cover  thaso  constant  run¬ 
ning  expenses. 

SECOND:  Ah  increasing  oxportse,  inereuaing  olowly  aa 

tho  number  of  lamp  hours  aold  aurpuasea  tho  amount  required  to 
moot  constant  charges. 

Taking  Up  theee  constant  charges  for  four  montlis,  wo 
liavo,  Salaries — President ,  Supervising  Engineer  and  General  Manager 
Counsel,  Secretary  and  Treasurer,  Solicitor  and  C’hiof  Clerk,  Com¬ 



§4800.02  ' 

912. 22 

The  price  $4.11  per  ton  for  oo'ul  covers  $1.00  pci'  ton 
paid  for  buckwheat  coni  at  Philadelphia,  hauling  to  Station, 
elevating,  wages,  firns-tm  and  coal  paucerc ,  cite,  und  hauling 
may' ashes,  besides  wages ,-bwilor  cloanora  and  water  tenders  and 
compound  for  scale  prevontivo. 

It  has  boon  found  that  5  tons  of  coal  per  day  is  the 
least  with  which  the  furnaces  und  machinery  can  bo  kopt  warm  and 
in  action,  hov/evor  small  the  load  may  bo.  The  constant  charge 
on  the  works  therofor,  is  $4429.66  por  month,  requiring  at  3/4  of 
a  cent  por  lamp  hour  500,628  lamp  hours  before  a  profit  appears . 

Executive  Stuff, 

Taxes , 

Insurance , 

Rents , 

Engine  Room  Pay  Roll,. 

Dynamo  Room  Pay  Roll, 

Motor  Room  Puy  Roll, 

Work  Shop  Supplies, 

Oil  and  Waste, 

Office  Expenses, • 

Uouso  Wiring  Inspection, 

Store  Keeping, 

General  Expenses, 


•i-C/Wi.  ^ 

Repairs  to^Oonductoro  and  Sorvicos, 
Repairs  to  Machinery, 

600  Tons  Goal  at  $4.11. 


%  4  #  '* 

4  .  3 

If  y/g  accept  the  guarantee  of  000  hours  of  life  for  each  lamp 
(whi  eh,  w ith  the  steady  potential  of  our  Station,  iB  being  much 
ex  coaled),  and  tako  the 'coat  of  lui^i  at  37  */Z  cents  each,  1000 
lamp  hours  coats  us  62  ^-/Z  cts .  in  lajrps  worn  out.  Wo  have  thoro- 
forc  v/ith  sufficient  closeness 

For  all  other  fixed  ohargoe  per  month,  $4489.66 

For  coat  of  lamps  501,000  at  02  ^/&  cts.  per  W,  360 . 37 

Total  monthly  fixed  chargor.,  $4709.03 

or  say  in  round  numbers  per  month,  $4000,00 

This;  in  round  nirnluro  requires  that  this  Company  shall 
soil  640,000  lamp  hours  per  month  to  practically  clear  itself  nt 
3/4  of  a  cent  por  lainp  hour.  Or  if  wo  assume  a  lamp  to  bo  used 
on  an  average  of  two  hours'  per  day,  requires  10,668  lanws  to  bo 
connected  up.  This  is  as  was  if  ret  stated  by  mo  to  'organizers  of 
Company,  "10,000  lamps  v/ill  covor  expenses . " 

V.'o  i:oi:ie,  iioxt  to  the  slovrcr  incroasc  of  coat  of  produc¬ 
ing  electric  light  after  wo  oxcaod  sales  of  040,000  la:,p  hours  por 
month;  this  consists  of  lamps  at  02  1/2  etc.  por  1000  lairp 
hours •  ’ 

Fxtra  subordinate  employees  and  oil  and  vraato,  but  these 
minor  items  will  bo  more  than  eountorbalanced  by  t.ho  diminished 
cout  of  handling  coal  find  nro  included  in  t.ho  $4.11  por  ton  . 

The  costly  men  aro  all  hero  and  future  additions  to  building  and 
machinery  and  working  force  should  be  covered  from  incroaoocl  cap¬ 
ital  from  stock  or  bonds. 

Remonboring  that  v;o  havo  from  experiment  found  150  tons 
of  coal  asonth  to  bo  a  constant  charge,  we  can  roviow  the  past 




1’our  months  and  infer  tho  prospects  of  tho  Company  in  tho  future. 
A~  discounts  oi’  25  %  to  largo  consumers  largely  reduced  our 
nominal  price  of  1  1/3  eta.  per  lanp  hour,  I  have  given  the  aggre¬ 
gate  of  bills  written  ami  when  the  number  of  lamp  hours  does  not 
oxeood  640,000  -  591,000  lanp  hours  or  $309.57  is  included  in  tho 
constant  charge  of  $4800.  as  being  near  enough. 

V/e  taiio  each  HP.  of  motor  as  equal  to  12  lamps  and  re¬ 
duce  all  lamps  to  standard  IS  C.  limps . 

mn,Y  -  lamps  oonnocted  10,044 
408,451  lump  hours  —  bills  written  $4018.18 

Constant  charges  $4800. 0Q 

130  tons  coal  at  $4.11  554.35  5354.85 

loss  $1336.07 

.Cost  of  producing  a  lamp  hour  115/L00  cent.  v 

AUGUST  -  la'nps  connected  11,320 
500,702  limp  hours  -  bills  -written  ‘  $4227.78 

Constant  charges  $4800.00 

122  tons  coal  at  $4.11  501.42  5301.42 

boss  $1073.64 

CoGt  of  producing  a  lamp  hour  1  59/l000  cent .  •>■■■• 

SEPTEMBER  -  lanp 8  connoctod  15,226 

689,593  lanp  hours  —  bills  written  $5808.89 

Constant  charges  $4800.00 

106  tons'  coal  at  $4.11  682.23 

50»00t)  lanp  621/2/  por  >  31.25  5513.51 

Profit  $  295.38 

Cost  of  producing  a  lamp  hour  8/i0  cent . 


*  t 


OCTOBER  -  lamps  connected  19,355 
1,188,304  lamp  hours  at  —  bills  written,  §8517.13 

Constant  charges,  $4800.00 

843  tons  coal  at  §4.11  098.73 

548,000  lump  lira,  at 

■Qii  1/2  /  per  H,  348.50  8141 .83 

Profit,  §2375.90 

Coat  of  producing  a  lamp  hour  G17/L000  cent. 

There  is  a  profit  on  the  ealo  of  lanps ,  isolated  plants, 
and  wiring  appliances  which  has  oonvortod  the  apparent  loas  in 
Winning  the  works  into  &  profit  ranging  from  §500.  to  §1500.  in 
th'o'  months  of  July,  August  and  September. 

Looking  now  to  the  future  prospects  of  this  Edition  Star 
tion,  based  on  reasoning  from  actual  data  and  neglecting  profits 
from  sal oa  mentioned  which  will  incroase  slowly,  wo  may  draw  tho 
following  inferences : 

3,000,000  lanp  hrs .  at  3/4/  sold,  $22,500.00 

.Constant  charges,  $4800.00 

GOO  tons  coal  at  §4.11  2446.00 

2,360,000  latrp  hrs.  at 

02  1/2  /  per  H,  1475.00  3721.00 

Profit,  $13,779.00 

Coat  of  producing  a  lamp  hour  201/l°00  cent. 

Equivalent  to  gas  at  58  2/L0  /  per,  M. 


IOTIStATB  POR  120,000  LAMPS , 
burning  100  hours  por  month  oaoh. 

12,000,000  laity  bourn  at  3/^4  ff 

Constant  oha rgoa ,  §4300 . 00 

2400  tone  opal  ut  §4.11  0364.00 

11,500,000  lamp  lira,  at  QH1/^ 

eta.  por  M,  7100.00 




Cost  of  producing  1  lamp  hour  1F!1/l000  conti 

Equivalent  to  gas  at  36  2/iO  por  M, 

To  roach  this  greatest  capacity  of  works  vfill  require 

I-'or  building  4  stories  additional  to  Station,  $100,000.00 

For  Electrical  Street  Conductors  additional,  500,000.00 

14  Engines  and  28  Dynamos,  210,000.00 

7500  HP.  of  Boilers  (Wax.  capacity)  00,000.00 


Thu  average  of  lamp  hours  burned  during  July,  August’ 
arid  September  is  voi?  low  because  of  long  summer  days  and  becahso 
i.ho  number  of  lanps  connect od  was  receiving  daily  additions  during 
the  month  and  had  not  the  opportunity  to  burn  for  v.  whole  month. 

Iho  average  number  of  hours  of  burning  por  lamp  will 
increase  from  now  on,  and  wo  can  bo  more  particular  in  the  future 
us  to  what  oust osiers  wo  accept. 

V/o  hnvo  at  present  a' floating  indebtedness  aggregating 
in  notes  §171,000  —  also  in  open  acoounto  enough  more  to  reach 
§200,000.  It  will  be  necessary  to  make  provision  far  this  soon 
probably  by  bonding  works  to  the  full  extent  of  §1,000,000, 


V/o  lift vo  orders  for  27,000  lights  at  prosont ,  which  is  not 
ono-tonth  part  of  the  obtainable  lighting  in  our  present  district, 
wi.ioh  will  bo  largely  supplemented  by  Power  saloo. 

Tiiat  you  may  have  a  clear  understanding  of  tho  ponding 
financial  necessities  and  also  clearly  see  the  very  groat  profit 
assured,  1  have  made  thin  analysis  of  tho  past  working  of  tho 
Station  arid  by  inference  shown  you  tho  very  groat  profit  in  the 
rioar  future,  provided  wo  supply  a  light,  of  uniformly  good  quulity 
koop  up  the  works  and  organization  so  as  to  be  able  to  do  this, 
insist  upon  a  strict  inspection,  so  as  to  prevent  tho  possibility 
of  firos,  and  go  forward  with  the  work  as  v/o  have  begun  it,  com¬ 
pleting  it  in  its  entirety  as  originally  proposed. 

Very  respectfully , 

Supervising  Engineer  &  General  -V.angt 


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Mw  York . Jan, ...  29».  ..1B90  ,. 

Edison^Eleetrie  Light  Co., 

Prof.Wn.D.Uarks,  General  Manager, 

908  Saneom  St.,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yonr  favor  of  the  21et  inat.,  addressed  to  Mr.. 
'Edison ,  was  by  him  referred  to  Mr.Villard.  and  by  Mr.Villard  re- 
.ferred  tome  for  answer. 

It  oeeura  to.  me  as  very  irregular  for  the  General  Manages* 
-of -the  Philadelphia  Station  to  open,  correspondence  with  the  Diree- 
tprsof  the  General  Company  upon  a  matter  whioh  is  already  under 
-negotiation  with  the  President  of  the  Company,  and  I  have  to-day 
-notified  him  of  this  matter. 

I  may  add  that  our  Bepresentative  at  the  stockholders’ 
•meet  Ing.has  fully  advised  us  qf  the  action  taken  at  that  meeting.. 

Yours  -truly. 


^ <?  /tuc±<a>&J  Sz^&Zle.  /  -  «£ 

$CiZc  ^  d^Z/ /£?&^2&*£S 



Phila . ,  Eeb.  19th,  1890. 



Gentlemen: - 

At  present  we  have  36,-812  sixteen  C.p.  lamps  connected, 
and  8,436  c.p.  lamps  applied  for*  but  not  connected. 

V/e  have  2S4  horse  power  of  motors  connected  and  8l'''/24 
horse  power  ordered,  but  not  connected. 

Making  a  total  of  orders  40,728  sixteen  c.p.  lamps. 

Many  of  these  lamps  and  motors  applied  fjir^canno't  have  services 
put  in  until  after  March  1st .  ^In,.sdme  cases  the  buildings  are 
not  yet  ready  for  wiring  but  our  greatest  and  most  vexatious  cause 
of  delay  is  the  inexcusable  delays  and  mistakes  of  w iring  and 
fixture  firms,  and  the  constant  evasion  of  the  wiring  rules  neces¬ 
sarily  enfoi'ced  to  prevent  fires.  Although  we  have  furnished 
every  wiring  firm  with  these  rules  in  the  form  of  a  pocket  book. 

I  have  found  it  necessary 'for  the  protection  of  customers  to  get 
up  a  general  form  of  specification  for  intending  customer's  use. 

I  shall  send  copies  of  this  together  with  our  advertise¬ 
ment  to  all  architects  in  this  city,  and  to  all  applicants  for 
light  from  our  station,  hoping  thereby  to  raise  the  standard  of 
wiring,  avoid  vexatious  and  costly  delays  in  getting  customers  on, 
and  prevent  one  most  serious  calamity  a  succession  of  fires  and 
general  apprehensiveness  on  the  part  of  the  public  as  to  the  safe¬ 

ty  of  incandescent  lighting,  as 

result . 



You  will  recall  the  appointment  of  a  committee, to  con¬ 
sider  the  assessment  of  this  Co.  by  the  Philadelphia  Fire  Under¬ 
writers  Association  for  the  support  of  an  Electrical  Inspection 
Dept.  You  will  also  recall  the  fact  that  an  agreement  mutually 
satisfactory  was  then  reached.  Since  then  I  am  advised  by 
F.  W,  Wilting  that  this  agreement  was  rejected  by  Executive  Com¬ 
mittee  of  the  Underwriters,  and  the  following  proposition  for  one 
year  substituted: - 


136-138  South  Fourth  Street. 

- ooo - 


Permits  for  the  use  of  electric  current  will  be  granted 
on  the  following  conditions: — 

That  the  Company  furnishing  the  current,,  or  the  individ¬ 
ual  introducing  lights,  or  wiring  a  building,  shall  sign  the  fol¬ 
lowing  agreement: 

Each  arc  lamp  (omitting  city  street  lamps)  to  contribute 
80/  per  annum,  to  be  paid  in  quarterly  amounts  on  the  first  day  of 
January,  April,  July  and  October;  the  number  of  lamps  in  use  or  • 
supplied  by  current  on  those  dates  to  be  the  basis  of  calculating 
the  amount  of  the  contribution  for  the  ensuing  quarter. 

Each  incandescent  lamp  on  the  same  basis  to  contribute 



Each  motor,  80/  per  horse  power. 

The  sum  thus  received,  to  be  used  for  the  payment  of  sala¬ 
ries  of  the  inspectors  and  other  expenses  of  the  Electrical  Depart- 

Cortifioates  of  inspection  shall  be  sent  to  the  subscrib¬ 
ers  to  thijii.  agreement  for  each  installation  examined,  supplied  by 
its  current  or  apparatus. 

It  is  further  provided  that  if  the  sum  received  in  ac- 
••irdance  with  this  agreement  shall  be  in  excess  of  the  amount  re¬ 
quired  for  the  payment  of  said  salaries  and  expenses,  a  rebate  in 
future  payments  shall  be  made  to  each  subscriber  in  proportion  to 
their  several  subscriptions. 

This  agreement  shall  hold  for  one  year  from  the  first  day 
of . 189 . 


Unless  the  above  conditions  are  accepted,  no  certificate 
or  permit  shall  be  granted  for  the  introduction  of  electric  cur- 

This  is  a  direct  raid  on  our  Treasury,  but  1  have  agreed 
to  recommend  it  to  this  Board  subject  to  the  following  conditions. 

PROVIDED,  the  expenses  for  this  year  shall  not 
exceed  $5,800  without  further  agreement. 

That  the  Underwriters  books  shall  be  open  to  inspection 
by  representatives  of  the  Edison  or  other  Companies. 

That  all  certificates  of  inspection  of  wiring  for  the 


Edison  Co.  shall  be  given  to  them. 

1  P1,0P°se  making  our  authorized  wiring  firms  pay  us  for 
their  certii ieatea  as  we  do  no  wiring  ourselves. 

Our  proportion  of  the  cost  of  this  Underwriters  inspec¬ 
tion  Department  will  not  exceed .$2,000  per  year,  which  I  hope  to 
recoup  from  our  wiring  firms. 

The  time  limit  is  one  year  and  it  is  important  not  to 
have  our  work  interfered  with  until  we  have  reached  our  ful.1' com¬ 
plement  01  lights,  after  which  wo  can  take  a  more  determined  stand 
if  we  deem  it  wise . 

I  would  suggest  that  your  Supervising  Eng'r.  and  Gen ' 1 , 
Mang'r.  without  entering  into  the  formal  agreement,  as" they  offer 
it,  be  authorized  to  write  a  letter  acceding  with  the  exceptions 
above  stated  to  their  proposition  for  one  year  from  Jan.  1st,  1890, 
which  will,  I  believe,  prove  satisfactory  to  the  Underwriters. 

It  is  important  that  some  general  and  strict  supervision 
be  exercised  over  all  forms  of  Electric  lighting  in  this  City,  as 
the  reflex  influence  of  bad  and  dangerous  work  by  other  Companies 
will  prove  injurious  to  our  interests. 

m  response  to  the  inquiry  of  your  Committee  asking  the 
probable  income  and  expenses  of  this  Station  with  the  equivalent 
of  40,000  sixteen  c.p.  lamps  connected,  I  would  make  the  following 

Jan.  1st,  1890  we  had  the  equivalent  of  about  28,000 

sixteen  c.p.lanps  connected. 

.Daring  Decomber  we  generated  at  the  Works  and  passed 

through  consumers  meters, 

1,964,966  lamp  hours 
10,839  1/2  horse  power  hours. 

We  collected  from  paying  consumers,  from  the  books  of 
the  Company  $16551.57 

With  the  equivalent  of  40,000  lamps  connected  we  should 
expect  for  a  similar  period  about  43^  additional  income  or 

December  is  our  best  month  for  lighting,  but  we  hope  for 
far  more  rapid  progress  in  selling  motive  power  during  the  ensuing 
spring  and  summer . 

We  should  not  with  increasing  number  of  lamps  and  motors, 
fall  below  our  present  income  during  the  summer  and  can  expect  an 
increase  next  autumn  and  winter. 

Assuming  that  this  Company  does  not  contemplate  increas¬ 
ing  its  street  mains  or  feeders,  the  cost  of  services  and  meters 
during  the  ensuing  season  will  approximately  be  as  follows: 

Service  work  $15,000 

Meter  work  10 , 000  $25,000 

This  additional  investment  will  be  required  by  the  in¬ 
crease  of  .ramps  and  motors. 

As  an  estimate  for  Dec.  1890  I  would  submit  the  following 


Est.  of  Bills  written 

Constant  charges  $4800 

858  tons  coal  at  $411  3526.38 

2810000  lamp  hours 

Less  640000  "  " 

2170000  at  621/2  cts  per  M  ,11556.25 




This  estimate  is  under  the  assumption  'that  no  additions 
be  made  to  the  machinery  or  boilers  save  that  now  in  progress. 

Y/e  have  had  much  trouble  Y/ith  our  boilers  ovring  to  im¬ 
perfect  iron  in  the  castings,  but  the  Abendroth  &  Root  Mfg.  Co., 
promise  to  make  them  good  at  their  ovm  expense. 

Very  respectfully  &  truly  yours 

Sup.  Eng'r.  &  Genl.  Mang'r. 


ft-e-n  .  u  -•*  a  2, 

Phi  ladle  lph  i  a .  Mar  .  19  "/90 
To  the  President  and  the  Board  of  Directors  . 

of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Phil a. 

Gentlemen: - 

Since  March  1st  your  Supervising  Engineer  and  Goner  al 
Manager  has  made  a  careful  analysis  of  the  books  of  this  Company 
for  the  President  and  the  Chairman  of  the  Committee  on  Accts,  cov¬ 
ering  January  and  February,  1390. 

In  brief  the  results  are  as  follows 
Running  Expenses  $17,324.63 

Additions  to  Plant  14,292.14 

Discounts  and  Interest  2,022.21 

Income  from  Light  and  Power, 

Excess  of  Expenditure  over  Income, - 




Income  from  Light  and  Power 
Running  Expenses, 

Profit  on  Station 
Estimated  profit  on  Mdse  sales 
Total  profit  two  months 






In  addition  to  going  oyer  the  Ledger  Accts.  such  bills 
reached  this  office  by  Mar.  10th  are  included  in  this  analy- 

From  this  total  profit  must  be  subtracted  Commissions 


o?i  Lamps  anil  Motor's  for  2  months  presented  March  lath  net  yet  ad¬ 
justed  but  claiming 

Crosby  §40 . 75 

Maxwell  _  237.05  §282.80 

The  detailed  report  made  to  the  President  and  the  Chairman  of 
the  Committee  on  Accounts  on  March  11th,  1890  covering  finances 
to  that  date,  and  submitted  the  following  suggestions. 

Your  Supervising  Engineer  and  General  Manager  would 
respectfully  recommend  the  following  changes  for  the  approval  of 
the  Hoard  of  Directors. 

(1)  Trial  Balance  of  tho  preceding  month  to  bo  struck  5 
days  before  tho  Mooting  of  the  Board  of  Directors. 

(2)  That  the  Supervising  Engineer  and  General  Manager  be 
permitted  to  go  over  the  accounts  of  each  month  in  detail. 

(3)  That  all  the  vouchers  for  each  month  be  folded, endorsed 
and  filed  in  a  separate  package,  and  that  so  far  as  possible 
these  vouchers  be  separated  under  their  respective  Ledger  Accounts. 

It  would  appear  from  the  above  that  this  Station  has  each 
month  realized  a  profit  of  §6482.23,  and  has  spent  for  running 
expenses  and  additions  to  plant  §2421.46  more  than  its  gross  income 
Your  Engineer  until  further  instructed  has  deemed  it  necessary 
to  reduce  the  force  on  construction  allowing  the  work  of  service 
and  meter  introduction  to  lag,  bringing  the  expenses  within  the 

income  of  this  Company. 


March  1st  found  us  with  50  new  applications  for  services  ana 
meters.--  of  those  23  have  now  been  introduced.  533  remain  to  be 
introduced.  On  Thursday  March  20th  the  Service  gangs  will  be 

reduced  to  two  of  3  men  each  and  the  work  will  progress  only  as 
fast  as  they  can  do  it.  It  was  necessary  at  first  to  at  once- 

supply  the  U.  S,  Mint  and  certain  other  urgent  cases. 

Your  Engineer  and  General  Manager  would  respectfully  submit' 
the  following  regulations ■ regarding  services  for  your  considera¬ 
tion  and  approval. 

(1)  Ho  applications  for  free  service  connection  for  light 

or  power  are  to  be  received  without  a  guarantee  of  §3.00  per  month 
•or  §00.  for  first  year,  as  a  least  payment. 

(2)  Consumers  willing  to  pay  in  advance  the  cost  of  service 
'connection  and  moter,  must  guarantee  at  least  §2.50  per  month  for 

the  first  year  and  accept  a  rebate  of  like  amount  on  light  and  pow- 
■'  er  leaving  the  sei-vice  and  meter  the  property  of  this  Comp  any  •■until 
their  cost  is  covered. 

(3)  No  permits  for  services  shall  be  taken  out  until  the 
house  wiring  is  actually  in  progress  or  completed. 

(4)  No  services  to  be  put  in  unless  parties  asking  them 
agree  to  use  the  light  or  power  for  one  year. 

(5)  Especially  difficult  or  costly  services  may  have  rates 
increased  by  General  Manager. 

Should  these  regulations  meet  with  your  approval  they  will 
be  printed  on  the  back  of  application  blank,  so  that  there  can  be 
no  misunderstandings  with  our  consumers  who  will  be  requested  tp 

,  •  i 

*  s* 


siRn  these  rules,  together  with  the  application  for  °prvice. 

Your  Engineer  in  the  future  hopes  to  reduce  veiy  the  cost 
of  making  service  connection  by  means  of  a  special  3  wire  lead 
covered  cable  manufactured  by  Tatham  Bros,  from  his  designs. 

The  prices  for  meters  from  Bergmann  &  Co.  cannot  be  changed 
as  they  are  a  patented  monopoly.. 

With  the  nocossary  relinquishment  of  vigorous  work  on  services 
the  need  of  active  solicitation  vanishes  and  it  appears  proper, 
to  reduce  the  commissions  offered  for  lamps  and  motors. 

Your  Engineer  and  General  Manager  respectfully  requests  that 
in  the  matter  of  commissions  for  light  and  power  obtained,  all 
claims  be  subjected  to  his  closest  scrutiny  before  being  paid, 
and  that  commissions  on  lamps  bo  reduced  to  G2/3  cents  per  lump 
of  any  size  whatever  and  for  power  commissions  bo  withdrawn  al¬ 
together  as  we  now  have  some  13  motor  firms  at  work  trying  to 
sell  their  motors.  Should  other  Electric  Companies  offer  to  pay 
the  80  cents  per  horse  power  exacted  for  inspection  by  the  Phila. 
Board  of  Eire  Underwriters,  it  will  bc  nocossary  for  us  to  meet 
this  offer  on  their  part,  but  1  would  respectfully  request  that 
this  matter  be  left  open  for  this  purpose  only,  and  that  we  en¬ 
deavor  by  circulars  to  show  the  general  public  the  great  economy 
of  electric  motors. 

In  the  matter  of  procuring  lights,  a  years  run  was  completed 
on  the  5th  of  this  month  without  a  single  real  complaint  of  the  , 
quality  of  the  light,  and  this  will  prove  our  best  advertisement. 

We  now  have  some  twelve  authorized  wiring  firms  soliciting  business 
and  do  not  need  to  urge  them  by  large  commissions. 

A  number  oc 


Clubs  burning  lamps  many  hours  per  night  have 
complained  of  their  bills  as  exceeding  the  cost  of  gas,  and  do  not 
acknowledge  the  fact  that  they  have  received  double  the  illumina¬ 
tion  at  a  small  per  cent age  (say  10  or  15#)  above  gas  bills. 

Other  clubs  and  large  consumers  under  the  lead  of  the  Colonnade ■ 
Hotel  and  the  Manufacturers'  Club  are  talking  about  installing 
isolated  plants  because  our  competitors  in  electric-  light ing  loudly 
claim  the  same  light  and  greater  economy  from  isolated  plants. 
Should  you  doom  it  advisable  rather  than  to  lose  them  to  make  a 
special  rate,  I  would  say  that  during  the  months  of  January  and 
February  the  cost  per  lamp  hour  covering  every  expense  save  in¬ 
terest  was  03.89  per  thousand  lamp  hours,  or  389/1000  of  a  cent 
per  lamp  hour. 

It  is  quite  impossible  that  an  isolated  plant  should  reach- 
this  economy  for  any  length  of  time  under  a  proper  management  and 
valuation  of  coal,' lamps,  labor,  repairs  and  deterioration  however 
positively  this  may  bo  asserted  by  agents,  unless  coal  and  labor- 
which  might  otherwise  have  gone  to  waste  can  be  utilized  to  run 

Electric  light  at  389/1000  cent  per  lamp  hour  is  equivalent 
to  gas  77  8/l°  cents  per  M.  at  the  consumers  burner. 

Your  Engineer  and  General  Manager  is  striving  by  reduction  of 
his  work ing  force  to  the  narrowest  possible  limit  and  by  proposing 
to  burn  culm  to  still  further  increase  the  economy  of  the  produc¬ 
tion  of  the  light  and  power,  but  the  constant  charges  upon  this 
Station  amounting  probably  to  $4800.  per  month,  will  militate  very 


S  6 

strongly  against  his  efforts,  during  the  light  loads  of  the  svm- 

mer  months. 


You  are  aware  that  during  the  past  year  we  have  been  burning 
No.  1  Buckwheat  from  the  Lee  mines  at  $1.90  per  long  ton  on  siding 
in  Philada. 

This  contract  terminates  April  1st,  1890.  We  have  found 
this  coal  to  be  excellent  in  quality. 

During  the  past  week  I  have  obtained  the  following  bids. 

(1)  Prom  W.H. Ingham,  representing  the  Penna.  R.  R.  coals. 

Susquehanna  No.  1  Buckwheat  $1.80  per  ton  in  Phila. 

“  "2  “  1 . 65  •  “  “  "  » 

Culm  1.50  "■!*-»» 

(2)  Prom  J.P.Auch,  Prt .  Agt.  P.  &  R.  R.R.Co., 

Culm  on 'track  in  Phila.  $1.35  per  ton,  our  present  coal  aver¬ 
ages  20#  ash  and  may  be  said  to  cost  us  $2. 37^/2  per  ton  of  carbon. 
Assuming  culm  to  average  40#  ash,  which  is  hardly  probable  we 
would  have  to  pay  §2.25  per  ton  of  carbon,  I  regard  this  as  a 
high  estimate  of  cost,  we  cannot  get  lesser  freight  rates  on  Culm 
or  control  its  quality  as  closely  as  we  do  with  better  grades  of 

Wm.  G.  Bryant  has  been  hauling  our  coal  to  the  Station  for 
45  cents  per  ton.  The  Black  Diamond  Coal  Co.  offers  to  haul 
culm  at  43  cts.  per  ton. 

Your  Engineer  and  Manager  respectfully  requests  that  he  be- 
authorized  to  make  a  contract  for  culm  at  §1.35  per  ton  and  hauling 
at  43  cts.  per  ton  with  tho  alternative  of  using  Buckwheat  coal 

from  Reading  collieries  at  prices  not  exceeding  those  quoted  by 
V/.K.  Ingham,  provided  he  finds  it.  to  be  uneconomical  or  for  any 
reason  impracticable  to  use  Culm. 


The  proprietor  of  the  Continental  Hotel  has  made  repeat? 1 
complaints  of  the  gases  from  our  Smoke  Stacks.  Our  only  economi¬ 
cal  method  of  avoiding  trouble  from  this  source  is  to  place  tem¬ 
porary  sheet  iron  smoke  stacks  30  ft.  high  upon  the  present  brick 
stacks.  This  will  cost  $1000.  in  round  figures.  Your  Engineer 
and  Manager  believes  Mr.  J. E. Kingsley ' s  complaint  to  be  well  found¬ 
ed  and  requests  permission  to  place  these  stacks  upon  the  building 

•  Your  Engineer  and  Manager  would  submit  the  following  rules 
for  collection  of  bills  to  be  printed  on  them.  Customers  not 
paying  bills  within  5  days  of  presentation  will  be  notified  in 
writ ing. 

•Current  will  be  cut  off  from  customers  without  notice  if  ■ 
bills  are  not  paid  within  10  days  of  presentation. 


March  loth  our  record  was  as  follows. 

Lamps.  27706  Sixteen  Candle  Power  connected 
Motors  283V2  H.P.  " 

Equivalent  to 

31964  sixteen  c.p.  lamps  connected 
Lamps  applied  for  6913|  sixteen  c.p.  lamps  not  connected 
Motors  "  ”  102^/8  H.P.  not  connected. 


During  the  months  of  Jan.  and  Eeb.  the'  lamps  used  fell  2900 
short  of  averaging  600  hours  life  each.  I  am  pleased  to  report 

that  the  Edison  Lamp  Co.  has  replaced  these  free  of  chaise  to  us 
and  has  done- so  without  malting  qny  difficulty. 

During  Jan.  the  lamp  hours  from  mete: 




giving  an  average  of  67530  lamp  hours  per  day.  Dividing  this  by 
27000  the  average  of  these  months  wo  have  an  average  burning  of 
each  lamp  of  2x/2  hours  per  day.  A  careful  analysis  of  tho  value 
of  each  customer  to  us  has  been  in  progress  Since  Jan.  1st  and -will 
show  us  which  are  profitable  and  enable  us  to  act  more  intelligent¬ 

ly  in  selecting'  future  customers. 


Messrs.  Elmer  E.  Baldwin  and  Kendall  Stockley  of  3821  Lan¬ 
caster  Avenue  have  called  a  meeting  at  their  address  on  March  21st 
8  P.M.  for  the  purpose  of  organizing  an  Electric  Light  Co.  prefer¬ 
ring  so  I  am  advised,  to  use  the  Edison  System  for  the  incandes¬ 
cent  part  of  their  work  but  being  willing  only  to  buy  the  machinery 
without  paying  any  part  of  their  stock  for  patents  and  alleging 
that  they  can  buy  incandescent  systems  of  other  companies  if 
the  Edison  Co.  does  not  sell  to  them.  It  is  proper  that  you 
should  be  advised  of  this  and  decide  whether  you  arc  or  are  not 
willing  to  sell  to  them  for  -ash. 

I  am 


Sup . Engr .  and  Genl.Mgr. 



H  alp  En 

IB  South  I 

Prof.  Marks*  v,'/ 

No.  909  Sansanf  '  St.  / 

'  :  Plh  i  ado  1  phid ,  Pa. 

.  NDeor  Sir:-  'He  Pro .  looking  -  for  power,  to  , 

run  our,  elevator . and  we  have  been  recommended  to 
Use'  an  Electric  motor.  'He  would  require  ?  horse 
power.  Gap' you  do  anything  for  its?  There  is  a  , 
big  fieud  in  this  neighborhood  for  this  motive 
power .  An  early  reply  would  oblige.  ■ 

Yours  truly. 


/  larzelere  company, 

A&W,  May  loth,  1890, 

We  have  jst  taken  a  store  o.-  Front  St.,  between  Market  and 
Chestnut  and  would  like  a  4  H.  P,  for  elevator*  Was  about  contracting 
for  a  gas  enp.ine ,  when  we  happened  to  speak  to  Mr.  Hainan,  Pres,  of 
the  P^d^ce' Exchange,  and  next  door  to  us,  and  he  sald  he  was  just 
about  setting  in  a  7  H.  P.  gas  engine.  We  conferred  together  and'  after 
giving  him  the  information  I  had  with  regard. to  you  furnishing  power 
for  motors,  a»4  we  concluded  to  say  to  you  that  we  both,  and  we 
•  think  many  others  ri<ht  in  that  block  and  on  Water  and  2nd  Sts. 
would  be  extremely  glad  to  have  the  use  of  the  Edison  Line  both  for 

prevail  on  you  oo  at.  once  run  a  line  down  to  us  in  some  way,  being 
assured  of  this  much  and  more  business.  Can't  you  cone  over  the 
present  poles  or  over  the  houses?  Vfe  certainly  think/  you  can  get 
there  somehow.  An  immediate  reply  is  earnestly  requested,  and  if  the 
is  and  reasonable  chance  of  iranediate  or  near  by  action,  we  will  wait. 

If  we  have  it  from  you  definitely  that  there  is  no  reasonable 
near  hy  chance,  we  will  both  go  ahead  and  put  in  the  gas  engines.  ' 
Very  truly  yours, 


The  necessary  safety-plugs,  melting  before  a  wire  becomes  overheated,  are  inserted 
at  all  branches  and  starting  points,  and  the  proper  sizes  of  all  wires  are  carefully  calcu¬ 
lated  by  us,  so  that,  if  the  Edison  system  is  carried  out,  the  safety  is  greater  than  with 
any  other  form  of  lighting  known.  '  ' 

These  statements  do  not  apply  to  the  methods  of  wiring  frequently  used  by  iji expe¬ 
rienced  or  careless  companies,  finns  or  workmen; 

There  is  not  the  absolute  safety  that  is  found  in  the  Edison  system  in  aity  .other 
system  of  lighting  where  circuits  of  greater  difference  of  pressure  are  used. 

This  Company  wilt  furnish  Specifications  for  Wiring  free  of  charge  to  all 
intending  consumers,  who  will  save  themselves  trouble  and  delay  by  making  use  of  them. 


A  small  motor,  at  a  trifling  cost,  will  run  a  sewing  machine.  A  slightly  larger  one . 
will  serve  for  a  fan  in  summer.  Elevators  cau  be  run  with  five  to  ten  horse-power  motors 
with  vastly  greater  convenience  than  the  present  small  steam-engine  and  boiler  and  at 
a  less  cost.  Shops  of  any  size,  under  fifty  liorse-power,  can, readily  . 
and  cheaply  be  run  by  electric  motors. 

As  this  Company  does  uot  express  any  preference  for  any  particular  make  of  motor, 
it  will  furuisli  oil  power  by  meter,  cliargitig  7#  cents  per  horse  power  hour. 

Irist  of  motors  and  Agents. 

Sprague— EQUITABLE  CONSTRUCTION  CO.,  418  Walnut  Street. 
Eddy— WALTER  C.  McINTIRE  &  CO.,  506  Commerce  Street. 

Thomson-Houston — HARRY  G.  CLAY,  Jr.,  12 
Ferret— H.  A.  CLEVERLY,  1018  Chestnut  Street. 
QUaker  City— QUAKER  CITY  ELECTRIC  CO.,  4 
Detroit— WALKER  &  KEPLER,  108  South  Fourth 
Rhodes— RHODES  MPG.  CO.,  918  Vine  St. 
Edgerton— H.  A.  EDGERTON,  805  St 

Belding— WM.  T.  .  ~~ 

Potter  &  Morg 
LaRoche — LA  ROCHE,  11^ 

Billberg— T.  H.  DALLETT  &  C- 
Jenney— CHAS.  B.  CROSBY,  90; 

Crocker  &  ‘Wheeler— 322  Se> 

Agents  for  Edison  Isolated  Plants,  within  the  limits  of  Philadelphia, 
WALKER  &  KEPLER,  108  South  Fourth  Street,  Philadelphia. 


42,500  Sixteen-Candle  Lamps  applied  lor  • 

or  connected.  We  believe  a  SATISFIED  CUSTOMER  to  be  onr 
BEST  ADVERTISEMENT  and  we  refer  you  to  ANY  CONSUMER  of 

our  Light,  or  Power. 


B.  K.  JAMISON,  Vice* Pi, kit. 

PAY  BILLS  AT  827  CHESTNUT  STREET,  2d  Floor. 

Manager,  at  CENTRAL  STATION,  o 




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Philadelphia,  April  16th,  1S90. 

To  the  Pres.aont,  and  the 

Board  of  Directors  of  the 

Raison  Electric  Light  Company  of  Pliila. 


Since  reporting  to  .you  on  March  19th,  your  engineer  and 
manager  has  been  mailing  an  earnest  effort,  by  reducing  the 
force  to  the  smallest  possible  number,  by  stopping  all  additiaffit^-flb' 
plant  save  for  the  boilers  required,  and  for  a  limited  number  of  '  f’.  ,r 
services  under  guarantees  approved  by  you,  and  by  obtaining  more 
favorable  rates  for  coal,  to  reduce  the  expenditures  of  every  kind 
to  the  narrowest  possible  limits.  The  result  of  these  efforts 
will  not  appear  clearly  until  the  end  of  April,  because  the  greater 
portion  of  March  had  elapsed  before  they  could  be  carried  out. 

The  Pennsylvania  Railroad  is  now  selling  to  us  Susqiiehan- 
na  Btickwheat  at  §1,87  per  ton  and  Culm  at  $1,77  per  ton  delivered 
at  908  Sansom  Street. 

Your  engineer  is  having  grate  bars  especially  adapted  to 
culm  burning  made  to  be  used  under  our  new  boilers.  These  boil¬ 
ers  should  certainly  be  finished  by  the  end  of  April  and  in  good 
working  order. 

Your  engineer  has  had  much  trouble  owing  to  vexations  and 
unnecessary  delays  on  the  part  of  Abenroth  &  Root,  but  hopes  to  see 
the  end  of  their  work  and  of  the  steam  piping  before  May. 

Mr..  Abenroth  has  personally  pledged  himself  to  see  this 
work  done  at  his  own  expense  and  in  a  satisfactory  manner  to  your 
engineer,  putting  every  part  in  good  condition. 

The  lamps  and  motors  connected  April  1st  amount  to  -%'• 

33477  sixteen  c.p.  lamps. 


Lamps  and  motors  ordered  amount  to  3372  sixteen  c.’o. 


Total  41849  sixteen  c.p.  lamps. 

Included  in  the-se  are  303  ll/l2  Ti»  P.  of  motors  connected 
and  100  2l/24  H.  P.  of  motors  ordered. 

An  earnest  effort  is  now  being  made  to  urge  the  introduc¬ 
tion  of  motors,  and  we  have  at  present  eighteen  firms  solicd^ing^ '' 
business  for  our  station  and  themselves. 

Your  engineer  and  manager  has  caused  a  careful  analysis 
of  all  consumers  attached  before  January  1st,  1800  to  be  made, 
which  proves  that  most  of  our  consumers  calling  for  a  large  number 
of  lights  give  a  very  small  return  per  lamp. 

This  is  particularly  the  case  with  large  office  buildings 
which  close  at  six  o'clock,  P.  M.,  and  consequently  in  summer  use 
very  little  current . 

Prom  the  records  of  use  of  lamps  by  subscribers  prior  to 
January  1st,  1890,  taking  a  total  of  17181  lamps,  I  have  classi¬ 
fied  as  follows: — 

Class  0 - Consumers  whose  return  per  lamp  is  less  than  1  ct  per  day 

In  this  class  there  are  4773  lamps 

Class  1 - Consumers  whose  return  per  lamp  is  above  1  and  under  2 

cts.  per  day.  In  this  class  there  are  5428  lamps 

Class  2 - Return  per  lamp  over  2  and  under  3  cts.  per  day 

In  this  class  there  are  3790  lamps 

Class  3 - Return  per  lamp  over  3  and  under  4  cts 

In  this  class  there  are  1952  lamps 

Class  4 - Return  per  lamp  over  4  and  under  5  cts 

In  this  class  there  are  403  lamps 


Class  5 - Return  per  lamp  over  §  e  t  s , 

In  -ohis  class  there  are  235  lamps. 

.In  Class  0,  we  find  among  those  having  largo  number  of  lamps,  tho 

City  Trust.  Co. 

,  Western  Saving  Fund 

Philadelphia  Saving  Fund 
Bullitt  Building 

In  class  1 — 

Union  league 
Philadelphia  Club 
Saginaw  Club 
Chestnut  St.  Bank 
Trymby,  Hunt  &  Co. 

E.  Borie 

J>  1..  Ketterlinus 

Class  2 - 

Rit  tollhouse  Club 
Hotel  Bellevue 
Super,  Marshall  &  Co. 
Cornelius  &  Rowland 
Gii  B.  Woodman  &  Co. 
Phila.  Item 
University  Club 
C.  G..  A.  Loder 
Continental  Hotel 
and  many  smaller  8th,  9th  and 

Dr.  J.  M.  Da  Costa 
The. c kar a  Mf g.  Co. 

Merchant  Si  Co. 

Arch  St.  ,  2.  Church 

Kelsey  Baths 

Simons  Bros.  &  Co. 

J.  W.  Queen  &  Co. 

.■loot  of  Insurance  Companies 

Many  stores  which  close 
6  to  3  R,  M, 

A.  J,  Cassatt 
J..  Sichel,  Stli  Street 
Partridge  &  Richardson 
Yeatts  S:  Troth 
Walnut  Street  Theatre 
Sunday  School  Times 
Geo.,  B*  Evans 
J«  E»  Ditson  &  Co. 

11th  Street  stores. 


Class  3~- 

Art  Club 
Sr.  m^er  T'rvin 
Partridge's  Restaurant 
Flii  lads.  Traction  Station 
^Philadelphia  Inquirer 

Class  4— 


Sam'l  Cohon,  Sth  Street 

?ohornncker  Piano  Co, 

Irving  House 

U.  S,  Express  Co. 

and  midnight  saloons  and 'res¬ 
taurant  s . 

City  Club  and  1  a.m.  Cigar  Stores  and  Restaurants. 

Class  5  — 

Bingham  House  Washington  ..Hotel 

Rowlands  Baths  and  several  all  night  restaurants. 

This  will  assist  you  in  forming  correct  ideas  as  to  var 
ious  classes  cf  lighting,  The  average  income  from  all  the 
lamps  in  the  district  during  January  and  February  1390,  was  2  cts 
per  day  very  nearly. 

The  lamps  exchanged  during  March  amounted  to  S.168^  v 


A  claim  on  the  Lamp  Company  has  been  made  for  2594  lamps,  leaving 
2374  lamps,  as  properly  chargeable  to  lamp-expenses,  assuming  600 
hours  to  be  the  life  of  lamps. 

Your  engineer  and  manager  from  a  careful  review  of  the 
maximum  out  put  of  January  with  28000  16  c.p.  lamps  attached,  is 
of  the  opinion  that  it  will  not  be  safe  to  attach  more  than  the 
equivalent  of  45,000  sixteen  c.p.  lamps  to  our  present  equipment 
in  machinery,  and  is  further  of  the  opinion  that  the  remaining 
3151  sixteen  c.p.  lamps  required  to  load  the  station  to  the  safe 
limit  will  come  to  us  without  special  effort  on  oru-  part  before 
next  autumn. 



A  careful  review  of  the  expenditure c  and  income  daring 
March,  shows  the  following  figures. 






General  Expense 

Workshop  supplies  and  expense 

Dynamo  Room 

Engine  Doom 

Doiler  Room 

Repairs  to  Steam  Machinery 

Coal,  702  31/100  tons 

Street  Repairs  and  maintenance 

Lamps  exchanged  2874  at  37  l/2  cts.lSl077.75 

?rom  Ledger  30 1 . 57 

Wiring  Inspection 

Meter  expense 

Oil  &  Waste 

St.  amps 

$  9  ..05  ; 

2.40  , 

■  363.54 

213 .38 

646 .47 






Discount  and  Interest 




Office  furniture  (Safe) 
Central  Station  Building 

Mach.  Blast 

Steam  piping 
Y/orkshop  Equipment 
Electrical  conductors  (Mint) 
Electrical  Apparatus 
Installation  Lamps  (first) 

$400 . 

;  S4.23 

&  Steam  Separators  1234.23 

1233 . 94 


in  stock  at  Bryants  yard  286  33/100  tons  coal,  valued  at 
when  burnt. 

Our  gross  receipts  for  light  and  power  are 

Less  running  expenses 

Profit  on  Station,  mo:  Ma> ch 

Estimated  profit  on  Mdse. 

Total  profits 

Our  expenditures  have  been  as  follows: 
Running  expenses 

Construction  Account  (principally  boilers) 
Discount  and  interest 

le3s  gross  income 

Excess  of  expenditures  over  income 


$  .4, 020*66 







$3248 ,06 

34  new  services  were  added  during  March,  and  44  remain 
to  be  put  in  in  April. 

Your  engineer  and  manager  expects  to  effect  considerable 
reductions  in  the  cost  of  services,  steam  piping,  electrical  con¬ 
ductors,  meters  and  coal,  during  April. 

Very  respectful iv  and  truly  yours, 

Supervising  Eng.  and  Gen.  Mgr. 


Philadelphia,  April  16th,  1890, 

Mr,.  Lrf  D.  Brown,  Prest. 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Philadelphia, 

Dear  Sir:  , 

In  reply  to  your  verbal  inquiry  as  to  the  probable  earn¬ 
ing  power  of  45,000  sixteen  candle  lamps  attached  during  January 
1891,  I  would  say,  that  during  January  1890  we  had  attached  28,000 
sixteen  c.p.  lights  (or  their  equivalent)  and  that  our  receipts 
we re  as  follows: 

Prom  light  and  power  (28000)  $ 15030.02 

Profit  on  Mdse.  TOjcffSl 

Gross  income  $15782^53 

Assuming  a  proportional  increase  in  earnings  of  station 
we  have  for  45,000  lights 

Prom  light  and  power  (45,000)  $24165.00 

Profit  on  Mdse.  746  >51 

Gross  income  $24911.51 

At  3/4  cts.  per  lamp  hour  this  would  mean  3222000  lamp 

hours . 

The  running  expenses  are  estimated  as  follows:-- 
Constant  charges  per  mo.  $5000.00 

941  tons  coal  at  $3.63  3415.83 

2582000  lamp  hours  at  67  l/Z  per  M.  1742.85 

Total  expenses  $10158.68 


Leaving  a  profit  of 


Philadelphia,  May  21st,  1890. 

To  the  President  and  the  Board  of  Directors 

of  the  Edison  Electric.  Light  Co.  of  Philadelphia. 


Your  engineer  and  manager  reports  after  making  deduction 

of  all  doubtful  applications  for  lamps  and  motors  as  follows: _ 

Lamps  connected - 31325' 

Motors  .  11  334  5 Aft  H.  P. 

Equivalent  in  16  candle  lamps -  - - - -37091 

Lamps  applied  for - 3112 

Motors  .  "  "  ~ - -  107  3/4  H.  P. 

Equivalent  in  16  candle  lamps -  4729 

Balance  required  to  complete  capacity  of 

present  machinery - : - -  3180 


Prom  a  careful  analysis  of  our  district  it  would  appear 
as  though  our  lightning  and  motive  power  is  distributed  with  a  re¬ 
markable  evenness  conducive  to  easy  v/orking  of  the'  station. 

We  have  May  16th,  690  light  meters  and  146  motor  meters 
distributed  among  725  customers. 

The  subjoined  list  will  enable  you  to  obtain  a  correct 
idea  of  the  locality  of  our  consumers. 

■'.fey  10  th  1890  o 

Recapitulation  of  tho  distribution. of-  business  of  the 

Edison  Electric  Light'  Go.  of  Philadelphia  by  greets. 

-.Total  Equiv*  Subscribers 
:lent  in  16  : 

. -••C.P .Lamps _ 

Walnut  St. 3829  l/2 
Sanaom  "  722  l/2 

Oil e stmt"  7683  > 

J  uniper 







10  th 



13  t'h 



17  th 

"  247S 
"  265 

0  375  l/2 

11  1204 
"  308  1/2 

11  2105  1/2 
"  330  1/2 

"  304 

"  363 

"  1519  1/2 
"  1179 
11  262  1/2 
"  694  1/2 

"  12C  l/li 

538  l/2 
11  2360 
"  1231  l/2 

5  l/s 
17  2/3 
45  1/2 

25  1/2 

11  1/4 

10  3/4 
3  5/8 
6  3/4 

11  1/2  ; 
25  1/2 
29  1/2 

3  l/2 
2  1/2 

18th  " 




20th  » 


21st  " 

41  1/2 


22nd  " 


Hunter  " 


7  l/2 

J  ayne  " 



library  " 




So . PeraSq , 



S. Ritter.*" 


Cherry  Sn. 


5  ‘ 



Drury  " 


Minor  " 

Total  Rl 


1  /o  "i 

10  1/2 

3906  1/2 
987  1/2 
8365  1/2 
36  96 
3003  ' 

26  5 
477  1/2 
2166  1/2 
391  ' 


535  1/2 
1681  1/2 
292  1/2 
747  ' 


413  1/2 
1231  1/2 

144  1/2 

324  1/2 

1  Supplied  fr .Mkt .St* 
1  "  "  8th  « 

"  Mkt.  ' 
*  13th  * 
11  6  th  « 

Your  engineer  and  manager  used  all  possible  speed  after 
obtaining  instructions  from  the  Board  to  prepare  drawings  and  let 
contract  for  sheet  iron  extension  of  chimneys. 

These  chimneys  will  be  erected  by  June  12th  under  a  pen¬ 
alty  of  $50.  per  day  for  each  day  exceeding  that  date;  costing 

The  Historical  Societv  of  Penna.  desire  to  have  a  main 
laid  on  13th  from  Walnut  to  Locust  Street.  This  will  cost  upwards 
of  $1000.  and  the  joint  return  from  Historical  Society  and  College 
of  Physicians  probably  will  not, exceed  $250.00  per  annum.  They 
will  obtain  the  necessary  legislation. 

Your  engineer  particularly  requests  your  authority  to  lay 
a  main  along  Fifteenth  Street  from  Chestnut  to  Market,  costing 
$1000,  to  give  an  additional  supply  of  current  to  the  Penna.-  Rail¬ 
road.  This  Company  is  now  supplied  by  a  single  main  from  Arch 
Street  and  should  not  be  subjected  to  the  risk  of  poor  light  or  of 
having  its  light  cut  off  by  an  accident  to  the  Arch  Street  line  of 

It  is  now  paying  us  upwards  of  $500.  dollars  per  month, 
and  will  soon,  if  satisfied,  pay  us  about  $1000  per  month. 

A  careful  review  of  the  expenditures  and  income  during 
the.  month  of  April  shows  the  following  figures,  omitting  merchan¬ 
dise  and  isolated  plants  from  which  v/e  have  quick  returns. 


Rent  - $187.50 

Salaries - 1410  .-34 

Insurance -  144.00 

Advertising - 115.00 

Office  Exp. -  190.29 

Comnissions  - 138.42 

Coal - 2225.52 

Oil .  68.60 

Work  shop  exp.  - 211.77 

Lamps - 1079.61 

General  Exp.  -  398.92 

Dyn.  Room -  362.18 

Eng.  Room - 408.50 

Boiler  Room -  5.05 

House  Yfiring -  308.6  7 

Meter  Expense  -  363.11 

Repairs  to  steam  M.  - 184.30 

"  to  steam  piping - 241.38 

"  Station -  66.82 

"  Elect.  Apparatus  -  61.21 

"  Streets - — 1390.08 


Less  Elec.  Condrs.  - 952,90 



In  the  item  of  lamps  the  books  show  §372. 15  charged  and 
so  I  have  estimated  from  the  lamp  hours  a  cost  of  §1079.61.  The 
Electrical  Conductors,  §952.90,  deducted  are  spare  tubes  required 
but  not  yet  used  in  case  of  accidents  to  street  service. 


Central  Station  Building  - §  69.96 

11  "  Machinery -  67.13 

Elect.  Apparatus  -  367.67 

Services - 2821.11 

Steam  piping  -  725.10 

Work  shop  equipment  -  2.08 

Installation  lamps  - 694.80 


Less  Service  Cable - -1938.03 


The  service  cable  subtracted  is  now -in  stock 
tion  for  future  use  as  needed. 

our  sta- 


Our  gross  receipts  for  light  and  power  are - $12756v'19 

less  running  expenses - - - -  8608.57 

Profit  on  Station  month  of  April - 4147 .,82 

Estimated  profit  on  mdse.  - - -  746  .<51 

Total  profits - - - ■__$  4894^33 

6  ,i 

°’-U’  S1’0SS  reoelPt8  are  - - - - 413502.70 

Running  Expenses  - . — — . $86  08.37  ' 

Construction  account _ _ _ 2809,82 

Int..  &  Disct .  (estimated) . . — looo.on  12418.,19 

Excess  of  income  over  expenditures - - - $  1084,, 51 

It  will  be  noted  that  in  order  to  give  a  correct  state¬ 
ment  your  manager  has  been  obliged  to  estimate  certain  quantities 
because  one  month  is  too  short  k  period  in  which  to  obtain  a  fair 
average . 

The  actual  cash  balances  will  appear  from  your  treasur¬ 
ers  Report . 

33  new  services  were  added  during  April  and  we  have  a 
steady  demand  for  light  sufficient  to  keep  our  small  service  gang 
busy . 

Your  engineer  and  manager  is  of  the  opinion  that  the  re¬ 
maining  3180  sixteen  candle  lamps  in  lamps  and  motors  will  be  ap¬ 
plied  for  within  the  next  two  months  without  effort  on  our  part, 
when  we  must  stop  making  any  further  service  connections,  presuma¬ 
bly  about  August  1st. 

To  connect  more  to  present  machinery  would  risk  putting 

the  lights  out  over  the  whole  district. 

Prom  past  experience  it  is  certain  that  it  will  be  impos¬ 
sible  to  obtain  engines,  boilers  and  dynamos  in  less  than  four  or 
five  months  from  the  date  of  your  decision  to  enlarge  our  capacity 
and  X  would  therefore  request  your  definite  decision  at  this  meet¬ 
ing  whether  wo  shall  stop  at  45000  lights  or  increase  to  67500 
lights  at  an  expense  of  $75000,  as  it  will  be  impossible  to  con>. 
plete- machinery  before  Oct.  1st  should  you  now  decide  to  increase 
the  capacity  of  the  works  for  next  winter.  I  am, 

Very  respectfully  and  truly  yours, 

Supervising  Eng.  Z-.  Gen..  Mngr .• 

Philadelphia,  June  12th,  1890,. 

To  the  President  and 

The  Board  of  Directors  of  the 

Edison  Electric  light  Co.  of  Fhila. 


Your  Engineer  and  Manager  reports  lamps  and  motors  as 

31882  sixteen  c.p. 

442  njzg^u.  P. 

•38519  sixteen  c.p. 

2878  sixteen  c.p. 

85  H.  p. 

4123  sixteen  c.p. 

Applied  for  or  connected  42642  sixteen  c.p. 

Balance  required  to  com¬ 
plete  capacity  .  2358  sixteen  c.p. 

At  present  rate  of  applications  we  will  be  obliged  to  refuse  fur¬ 
ther  applications  for  light  and  power  after  August  1st,  next. 


The  Chimneys  authorized  by  your  Board  at  its  last  meeting  were  com¬ 
pleted  the  first  of  June  and  will  serve  for  two  years  or  until  the 
Station  can  be  completed. 

follows  up  to  June  9th: _ 

lamps  connected 
Motors  ” 

Total  " 

lamps  applied  for 
Motors  "  » 


Ordinances  to  extend  our  system  of  mains  from  Chestnut  to  Market 
on  Fifteenth  St.  and  from  Walnut  to  Locust  on  Thirteenth  St.  and 
also  from  Broad  to' Thirteenth  on  Locust  St.  have  been  introduced 
into  Councils  and  have  been  referred  to  sub-committees;  they  will,- 
come  up  on  the  13th  current. 


The  subjoined  letter  from  Walker  and  Kepler  will  explain  itself. 
They  desire  to  sell  dynamos  for  storage  battery  purposes  not  to  be 
used  for  street  railway  propulsion  and  specially  request  a  communi¬ 
cation  with  and  decision  by  The  Executive  Conmittee  of  The  Edison 
Electric  Light  Co.  of  New  York,  with  which  Company  our  contract 
was  made. 

Philadelphia  May  31st,  1890, 

Edison  Electric  Light  Company, 

Prof.  Marks, 

Supervising  Eng'r.  &  Gen'l.  Mg'r. 

Philadelphia.  Pa. 

Dear  Sir: 

Several  weeks  ago  we  asked  you  to  qtiote  us  prices  on  220 
and  250  Volt  dynamos,  which  were  to  be  used  to  charge  storage  bat¬ 
teries.  Up  to  this  date  we  have  received  no  quotations  for  such 
dynamos.  We  understand,  that  the  delay  in  quoting  prices  is  with 
the  Machine  Works  in  refusing  to  quote  you  prices,  for  reasons  un¬ 
known  to  us,  but  which  we  think  is  because  they  have  decided  that 
the  right  to  sell  such  dynamos  does  not  belong  to  the  Phila. 
Company.  We  have  carefully  examined  our  contract,  which  we  have 
with  your  Company,  the  main  points  of  which  are  the  same  as  those 
covered  in  the  contract  which  you  have  with  the  Edison  Electric 
Light  Co.  of  New  York,  and,  as  we  interpret  it,  we  understand  we 
have  the  right  to  sell  such  dynamos. 

We  should  be  very  glad  to  have  your  executive  Conmittee  • 
bring  this  matter  before  the  Executive  Conmittee  of  the  Edison  El¬ 
ectric  Light  Co.  of  New  York  and  have  the  matter  decided,  as  we 
are  loBing  the  sale  of  machinery  because  we  do  not  receive  quota¬ 
tions.  We  tiuist  that  you  will  be  able  to  push  this  matter  to  some 
kind  of  a  decision. 

Yours  respectfully, 

Walker  &  Kepler. 

A  R’O  LAMP  S 

3  W 

Your  Engineer  and  Manager  has  been  making  experiments  with 

arc  lamps  adap  ted  to  incandescent  circuits  and  finds  that  we  can 

sell  arc  lights  at  a  good  profit  at  9  cents  per  hour  each., 

There  is  at  present  a  large  demand  for  such  arc  lights 
to  burn  for  a  few  hours,  which  being  on  a  perfectly  safe  circuit 
can  be  turned  out  at  will,  without  danger  to  life  of  person  hand¬ 
ling  them. 

Nothing  has  as  yet  been  done  looking  to  their  introduc¬ 
tion  as  your  Engineer  and  -Manager  desires  the  approval  of  the  Board 
before  trenching  upon  the.  field  of  established  arc  lighting  compan- 


Running  Expenses: 

Office  Exp. 


Work  Shop  Exp. 

Lamps  (Est . ) 

Genl*  Exp. 

Dyn.  Room 
Engine  Room 
Boiler  Room 
Wiring  Insp . 

Meter  Exp. 

Repairs  to  Steam  M. 

Repairs  to  steam  pipe 
Repairs  to  Station 

25  .,00 


■  1144.71 

434 . 92 


348 -75 

Repairs  to 


Central  Station  Building 

$  121. .32 

Central  Station  Machinery 


Electrical  Apparatus 


Services  from  boohs  $607.25 

Lead  cable  used  447.30 




Steam  Piping 


Workshop  Eq , 


Installation  Lamps 



The  Machinery  Account  is  increased  by  $1935  for 

Blast  Pan  and 

Pump  for  boilers. 

The  Steam  Piping  by  new  water  tanks 

for  boilers. 

R  E  S  U 

M  E 

Gross  Receipts  for  light  and  power 

$13217 .30 

Less  Running  Expenses 


Profit  on  Station  for  May 


Estimated  profit  on  mdse . 

74G .51 

Total  profit 


Our  gross  receipts  are 

Running  Expenses  ' 

Construction  Account 

Interest  (Estimated) 





14216  .27 

Excess  of  expenditures  over  income 

$  252.46 

V  <4 

5  s 


In  order  to  Keep  running  expenses  ma  Oonstruetion-within 
o«r  income  od  thereby  aroid  increasing  0or  floating  indebtedness 
tl»  men  employed  in  putting;  in  eervic.s  lave  been  reduced  so  ae  to 
put  in  on.  service  per  day  only  sal  this  is -cosine  .’good  deal  or 
grumbling  by  our  applicants  whs  have  to  wait  t.o  or  three  weeks  be, 
for.  getting  power  or  light.  this  is  mentioned  only  to  assure 

you  that  the  delay  is  not  due  to  inefficiency  of  men  or  careless 
management . . 

»e  have  added  very  closely  1200  light,  during  the  month 
of  Bay  and  it  will  be  noted  that  our  net  profit  has  increased  each 
month  since  March. 

Your  Engineer  and  Manager  may  be  pardoned  for  again  re¬ 
minding  you  of  the  impossibility  of  getting  machinery  and  boilers 
in  time  for  the  autumn  increase,  should  you  desire  to  avail  your¬ 
selves  of  it,  unless  he  is  instructed  to  proceed  v/ith  the  worh  at 

Very  respectfully  and  truly  yours, 

Supervising  Engineer  and  Gen.  Mangr* 

ArA7r/t„  s/zLtstt  y/^/  S&ra  ^i^Cg^t^V 

/3&66dy  fry  •&SS-  /Z&^rytm^Zy 

#6A/?/*^><><-e?j,  —  t^AoS /frrf y 

/*hy  ^6 

&XXs  yfr^  ^l^'XL.  A2*/'<£&cZ£^*^ 

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Philadelphia,  July  8th,  1890*' 

lo  the  President  and  the  Board  of  Directors, 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Philadelphia. 


Your  Engineer  and  Manager  reports  lamps  and  motors  to 

82548  sixteen  c.p. 

48S  7/24  H.P. 

39873  sixteen  c.p. 

Lamps  applied  for  1130  sixteen  C.P. 

Motor's  11  "  0  9  l/fi  H .  p . 

Total  ‘  _ 2178.  sixteen  C.P* 

July  8th  as  follows: 
lamps  connected 
Motors  ■ 

Balance  to  complete  capacity  2955 


Of  xhis  2955  about  1000  will  probably  be  absorbed  by  the  Bingham 
House,  Central  Theatre  and  Academy  of  Music,  which  have  not  as  yet 
made  formal  application.  We  have  at  present  917  meters  placed 
and  during  the  past  month  have  introduced  27  new  services. 

Our  extreme  limit  of  present,  ittfchinery  (45000  sixteen  c.p 
lamps)  will  surely  be  absorbed  by  August  1st. 


Ordinances  authorizing  the  laying  of  the  conductors  of 
this  Company  on  Fifteenth  Street,  Market  to  Chestnut-Locust  Street 
Broad  to  13th  and  Thirteenth  Street,  Walnut  to  Locust,  were  signed 

.  2* 

by  the  Mayor  July  2nd.  An  amendment  in  each  ordinance  providing 
that  these  streets  should  be  paved  with  Belgian  blocks  at  the  ex¬ 
pense  of  this  company  (introduced  without  consulting  any  person 
interested  in  ordinances)  will  render  it  impossible  to  lay  on  Lo¬ 
cust  or  13tli  Streets,  now  paved  with  cobblestone,  but  as  15th 
Street  is  already  paved  with  Belgian  Block,  it  will  be  possible 
to  reach  the  Penna.  R,  R.  without  greater  expense  than  was  at  first 

I  may  be  pardoned  for  again  calling  your  attention  to 
storage  battery  dynamos,  and  to  arc  lamps,  to  which  I  referred  in 
my  last  report. 


Salaries  §1410,34 

Taxes  122-.61 

Royalty  'Penn.  Co.  599.97 

Office  Expense  210.82 

Commissions  42.25 

Coal,  742  tons,  2459,16 

Oil  and  waste  100.62 

Y/ork  shop  expenses  146.38 

Lamps,  est.  1049.73 

Genl.  Expense  363.37 

Dyn;  Room  337 . 88 

Engine  Room  467-72 

Boiler  Room  42.85 

House  Wiring  Insp.  191.99 

Meter  Expenses  439.75 

Repairs  to  Steam  M.  325.93 

Repairs  to  steam  pipe  20.84 

Repairs,  to  station  59.55 

■  Repairs  to  streets  321. S7 


It  ii.  proper  to  say  that  during  the  month  of  July  we  have 
received  bill  for  taxes  §1472.30  and  Bill  for  Royalty.  Penn  Co. 
§3599.82,  for  six  months  royalty  on  lamps  and  that  the  taxes  hn3i 

insurance  for  ono  month  are  given  above. 


Central  Station  Building 


Central  Station  Machinery 

635.6  9 

Electrical  Apparatus 


Services  from  books 

$  533.37 

Services  cable  used 





Steam  Piping 


Installation  Lamps 


$4436  -*05 

The  Central  Station  Building  has  had  added  to  it  2  chimneys  at  a 
cost  of  §1395.,  The  steam  piping  has  diminished  in  cost  and  the 
Steam  machinery  also. 


Gross  receipts  for  light  and  power  $13929.09 
Less  running  expenses  8713-.,65 
Profit  from  light  and  power  $5215*40 
Estimated  profit  on  mdse.  746 .51 
Total  profit  $5961.97 
Gross  Receipts  14675.60 

Running  Expenses  $8713.63 

Construction  Acct.  4436.05 

Interest  (est.)  1000.00  14149 .6 S 

$  525.92 

Excess  of  inci 

over  expenditures 


the  constantly  depleting  charges  for  ront,  interest,  tax¬ 
es,  royalty  and  saJaries  are  all  averages,  and  therefore  do  not 
correspond  with  the  books  which  vili  give  a  fair  average  only  at 
the  end  of  a  year  and  with' the  taking  of  an  inventory.  Mdse,  and 
isolated  plants  as  a  cash' business  do  not  appear  in  this  report. 

Your  engineer  and  General  Manager  has  verbally  promised 
to  reserve  for  a  few  weeks  B:‘  im  House  '  300  lights 

Academy  -of  Music  68  “ 

Central  Theatre  •  liO  " 

1008  " 

leaving  an  available  residue  of  about  1947  lights  only,  and  he 
therefore  requests  your  Approval  of  a  refusal  to  reoeivc  further 

applications  after  this  1947  is  absorbed  ,  until  such  time  as  the 
Company  shall  deem  it  wise  to  increase  its  machinery^ 

Supervising  Engineer  &  Genii  Manager. 

The  Edison  Eleefct»ie  Liight  Company  of  Philad’a 

CAPITAL,  $1,000,000.  CAPACITY,  10,000  H.  P. 

Philadelphia,  August  20th,  1890. 

To  the  President  and  Baard  of  Directors, 

Edison  Electric  Light  Company  of  Philadelphia. 


Your  Engineer  and  Manager  reports 
August  1st  as  follows:  — 

Lamps  connected 

Motors  "  507  5/l2  H.  P. 


lamps  and  motors  to 

32819  sixteens 
761.1  " 

40430  11 

Lamps  applied  for 

Motors  n  "  100  H.  P 


Total  in  sixteen  c.p.  lamps 

Excess  over  present  capacity  of  Station 

Vfe  have  also  made  temporary  arrangements  to  light'  1400 
lamps  for  -the  Girard  Trust  Co.  for  two  months,  but  our  temporary 
arrangements  seem  to  always  result  in  the  most  permanent  things  we 
have,  so  it  is  probable  that  we  will  continue  te  carry  them  for  an 
indefinite  period. 

You  will  note  from  the  excess  of  capacity  demanded  on 
August  1st  how  grave  the  situation  of  affairs  is  at  present  and 
that  it  will  be  necessary  in  any  event  at  least  to  temporarily  stop 
the  addition  of  lights  this  Autumn,  as  four  months  from  the  date 
oi  your  instruction  is  the  minimum  of  time  in  which  to  obtain,  put 
in  position  and  test  new  machinery. 




4610  sixteens 
1500  >< 

6110  ■  " 

To  stop  the  addition  of  lights  proves  to  he  an  undertak¬ 
ing  frqught  with  many  difficulties.  Present  consumers  insist  up¬ 
on  their  right  to  add,  and  new  consumers  become  unreasonable  and 
abusive  upon  being  only  conditionally  accepted. 

The  Brush  Incandescent  light  Station,  123  South  11th 
Street  has  recently  notified  this  Company  to  take  their,  remaining 
consumers  as  they  are  going  to  close  up.  The  Electrical  Trust  has 
by  verbal  message  advised  your  Engineer  that  they  consider  the  re¬ 
placing  of  arc  lights  by  groups  of  incandescent  lights  as  trenching 
upo..  their  field  and  your  Engineer  begs  leave  to  assure  you  that  he 
has  not  solicited  this  action  on  the  part  of  their  consumers,  but 
that  this  action  has  been  wholly  of  their  own  motion  and  without 
his  countojiance . 

Had  we  more  machinery  yeur  engineer  believes  it  would  be 
entirely  possible  to  clear  out  the  present  Y/estinghouse  Station,  7th 
&  Sansom  Streets,  during  the  ensuing  winter,  simply  by  continuing 
"°  a  perlect  light,  as  many  of  their  consumers  have  already 

come  to  us. 

Regarding  the  now  Light  and  Power  Station  near  13th  & 
Market  Streets:  they  have  no  legal  right  to  string  wires  over  the 
streets  or  to  replace  abandoned  telegraph  and  telephone  wires  by 
light  wire 3. 

What  they  have  done  has  been  brought  to  the  knowledge  of 
City  Officials  who  so  far  have  been  unable  to  discover  their  wires. 

As  this  Company  is  taking  contracts  giving  unlimited  light 
for  15^  less  than  Edison  MOter  bills  and  is  also  making  contracts 
for  power  without  limitations  as  to  quantity,  and  has  not  as  yet 
paid  for  its  machinery,  it  is  probable  that  it  cannot  last  long; 
for  the  more  they  get  in  this  way  the  werse  off  they  will  be,  and 

they  are  sure  to  be  cut  off  the  moment  the  officials  of  this  city 
properly  enforce  its  ordinances. 


Your  Engineer  and  Manager  has  made  application  to  open 
15th  Street  from  Chestnut  to  Market  and  has  relinquished  opening 
Do. ust  Street  until  such  time  as  repaving  with  Belgian  block  is 
omitted  as  a  condition  of  laying  conductors. 

The  absence  of  a  majority  of  the  Board  of  Highway  Super¬ 
visors  upon  summer  vacations  has  prevented  the  necessary  formal 
action  preliminary  to  opening  15th  Street,  but  everything  is  in  read¬ 
iness  as  soon  as  they  return  to  push  the  work  through. 


Thirteen  new  services  were  introduced  during  the  month  of 
July  and  a  large  amount  of  alterations  were  effected  upon  street 
mains  upon  the  orders  of  the  city  officials  engaged  in  repaving 
streets  and  relaying  gas  mains.  Your  Engineer  and  Manager  has  kept 
a  record  of  these  alterations  and  desires  authority  to. place  bills 
for  the  same  in  the  hands  of  our  counsel  for  collection  from  the 
city  if  deemed  advisable. 




Salaries  (Est.) 

Taxes  11 

Royalty  Penn  Co.’' 
Office  Expense 

Oil  &  Waste 
Work  Shop  Expenses 
Lamps  (Est . ) 

Gen’l  Expense 
Dynamo  Room 
Engine  Room 
Boiler  Room 
House  Wiring  Insp. 
Meter  Expenses 
Repairs  to  Steam  Mach. 
Repairs  to  Steam  Pipe 
Repairs  to  Station 
Repairs  to  street  work 
Repairs  to  Elect.  App. 

$1410'.  34 
32. 04 

Sufficient  oil  has  been  purchased  to  last  several 

months , 


Central  Station  Building. 

Central  Station  Machin. 

Elect,  Apparatus 

.nlect.  Conductors  (By  order  Board) 
Services— from  books 
Cable  used  • 


Steam  Piping 

Installation  lamps  847  @  37  2/2/ 

$  184.13 
95.  £9 

$  497.02 

-  224.29  721.31 

1870 . 86 

Gross  Receipts  for  light  and  power 
Ijbss  Running  Expenses 
Profit  on  Light  and  Power 
Est.  profit  on  Mdse. 

Total  Profit 






Running  Expenses 
Construction  Accounts 
Interest  (Est.) 

Gross  Receipts 

Excess  of  expenditures  over  income 




The  increase  of  Const.  Acct.  is  by  order  of  the  Board  for 
Elect,  conductors. 

The  reduction  of  income  is  due  to  the  summer  solstice  and 
amounts  to  §433.09  less  than  the  preceeding  month. 


A  suit  for  damages  to  the  extent  of  §5000  has  been  begun 
by  Anna  Benjamin  of  the  Irving  House.  It  is  the  opinion  of  the 
counsel  John  G.  Johnson  that  an  injunction  cannot  be 'asked  of  the 
Court  and  it  would  seem  probable  that  after  a  little  delay  an  ami¬ 
cable  adjustment  can  be-  reached,  as  the  noises  complained  of  were 
due  to  outside  contractors  engaged  in  construction  work,  and  not 
necessary  to  the  operation  of  the  works. 


Your  Engineer  and  Manager  herewith  submits  a  form  of  con¬ 
tract  for  large  powers  bringing  an  income  of  about  $10oo.  each  per 
year  and  should  it  not  meet  with  your  disapproval  Yfill  endeavor  to 
occupy  the  field  now  held  by  gas  motors  of  10  horse  power  and  up¬ 
wards  by  reducing  the  price  of  power  provided  he  has  the  machinery 
to  carry  it. 

Very  respectfully  and  truly  yours, 

Supervising  Eng'r  &  Genl.  Mangr. 

Philadelphia,  Oct. 15th,  1890. 

To  the  President  and  The  Board  of  Directors 
Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Philad'a. 

Gentlemen: - 

Your  Engineer  &  Manager  reports  lamps  and  Motors. to 

Oct.  13th.  as  follows: 

Lamps  connected  -  - - - - - -  -36245  sixteens 

Motors  u  596  13/24  H.P. -  8948  " 

Total  connected  equals  -  --  --  --  -  45193  !' 

Lamps  applied  for - -  3760  sixteens 

Motors  “  "  117  7/24  H.P. -  1760  " 

Total  applied  for  equals  -------  5520  11 

Applied  for  and  connected  50713  sixteens,  with  45193  sixteens 
connected  our  present  equipment  is  taxed  to  the  uttermost,  at  times 
of  maximum  load-  and  it  was  necessary  to  issue  a  carefully  worded 
letter  to  Wiring  &  Motor  firms  deferring  further  attachment  of 
lights  and  motors  until  Pec.  1st.  next.  Your  Engineer  is  sparing 
no  effort  to  get  the  needed  machinery  in  before  that  time,  personal¬ 
ly  urging  and  pushing  the  work  day  and  night . 


Owing  to  delay  in  obtaining  machinery  which  is  now  being  put 
in  with  all  possible  speed,  we  shall  be  unable  to  give  current  to 
new  customers  until  Nov.  30th,  next.  We  are  now  engaged  in  put¬ 
ting  in  sufficient  new  machinery  to  enable  us  to  carry  22500  addi¬ 
tional  lights  which  170  hope  to  have  in  running  order  on  or  before 
Nov.  30th. 

This  Company  will  continue  to  receive  orders  for  light  and 
power  and  will  introduce  services  and  meters  as  usual,  but  will  not 
be  able  to  turn  on  the  current  until  new  machinery  is  running. 

Kindly,  therefore,  advise  prospective  consumers  that  their  or¬ 
ders  are  received  subject  to  this  delay.  They  should  have  their 
wiring  complete  in  every  detail  by  Nov.  30th  or  before  if  possible. 

Yours  truly, 

W  .  D.  Marks , 

Supr .Engr .&  Gon'l  Manager. 

Tho  small  percentage  of  lamps  in  dwelling  housos,  which  aro 
lit  at  one  time,  and  the  infrequent  uso  of  lamps  in  Churches  ren¬ 
ders  this  class  of  custom  loss  profitable  than  officos  or  business 
houses  and  factories,  and  your  Engineer  &  Manager  requests  tho 
following  resolution  to  avoid  oxcossive  outlay  of  capital .in  lamps: 

RESOLVED :  That  tho  Engineer  &  Manager  bo  directed  to  sell  at 
current  prices  tho  first  installation  of  lamps  furnished  to  dwell¬ 
ing  houses  and  churches,  and  to  other  buildings  of  similar  character. 

AS  AN  EXAMPLE :  Mr.  A.  J.  Cassatt  to  whom  we  have  furnished 
400  lamps  has  paid  us  about  §800,  Or  §2.00  per  lamp  this  year. 

The  resolution  will  enable  your  Manager  to  demand  payment  for  lamps 
from  all  consumers  not  likely  to  be  profitable. 


It  would  appear  from  the  books,  that  during  the  month  of  Sep¬ 
tember  we  havo  sold  as  follows: 

Isolated  plants  -  8458.86 

Merchandise  &  lamps  4064.57 

— . —  12523.43. 

Merchandise  which  means  the  details  of  wiring  is  bought  at  60# 
discount  and  sold  at  46#  discount,  realizing  a  profit  on  cost  of  35#. 

Lamps  are  bought  at  37  l/2  and  sold  at  60  #,  realizing  a  prof¬ 
it  on  cost  of  86  l/2  #. 

The  isolated  plants  are  sold  to  Messrs.  Walker  &  Kepler  at 
net  profit  of  8#.  This  is  a  similar  arrangement  to  the  one  now 
in  effect  in  Boston. 

It  seems  necessary  to  do  this  as  the  Westinghouso— Thompson 
Houston— United  States  and  other  Electric  Manufacturing  Companies, 
bid  very  close  on  small  plants,  and  it  is  better  to  get  this  profit 
than  no  profit  at  all — While  as  at  present  wo  are  without  patent 
protection.  We  havo  no  reason  to  be  dissatisfied  with  our  local 
agents,  who  are  men  of  enterprise  and  untiring  energy. 


Of  the  new  machinery  authorized  4  dynamos  have  arrived  and  the 
engines  are  now  in  a  forward  state  of  construction  and  partly  on 
the  road. 

Tho  boilers  for  the  4th.  battery  are  now  being  erected. 

Your  Engineer  fortunately  secured  dynamos  which  were  built  for 
the  Boston  Co.  and  could  be  shipped  at  once. 


Permission  to  open  15th  Street  from  Chestnut  to  Market  was 
granted  by  the  Board  of  Highway  Supervisors  and  the  work  is  now 
nearly  complete,  which  will  enable  us  to  furnish  a  larger  supply 

to  the  Broad  St.  Station  of  the  Penna.  R.  R. 

It  is  to  be  regretted  that  a  delay  in  obtaining  the  signa¬ 
tures  of  the  Union  League  to  our  petition  to  open  streets  for  re¬ 
pairs  and  services  during  the  winter  months  has  deferred  its  presen¬ 
tation  to  Councils  before  this,  but  it  will  be  presented  by  November 
1st . 


During  the  month  of  September  32  new  services  were  introduced. 
An  itemized  statement  of  the  cost  of  labor  in  repairing  tubing  cut 
by  written  order  of  the  City's  officials,  on  Sixteenth  St.,  amount¬ 
ing  to  §610.30  has  been  placed  in  the  hands  of  our  Counsel.  The  re¬ 
cent  action  of  Judge  Hare  in  the  case  of  the  15th  and  13th  St. 

Street  Car  Co.  might  lead  us  to  believe  that  we  can  recover  this 

_ ■ _ 

unt  from  the  City. 


Salaries  (estimated)  1410.34 
Rent  "  112.50 
Taxes  11  122.61 
Royalty,  599.97' 
Advertising,  8.00 
Office  Expense,  187.80 
Commissions,  113.97 
Coal,  914  tons,  400  lbs.  (1325.54)  3233.04 
Oil  &  Waste,  427.78 
Work  shop  expenses,  191.45 
Lamps,  estimates,  1296.37 
General  expense,.  355.90 
Dynamo  room,  318.24 
Engine  room,  496.11 
Boiler  room,  16.41 
House  v/iring  inspection,  192.51 
Meter  expenses,  356.34 
Repairs  to  steam  reach.  418.41 
Repairs  to  steam  pipe,  111.65 
Repairs  to  Star, ion,  503.54 
Repairs  to  street  work,  748.39 
Repairs  to  elec.  Apparatus,  .80 

— lT2TJ27i3  ~ 

Repairs  to  Street  Work  is  increased  as  explained  by  the  action 
of  the  City. 


Central  Station  Machinery  184.80 

Bpilers,  3000. 

Electrical  Apparatus,  424.28 

Electrical  Conductors,  119.68 

Services,  labor  etc.,  587.59 

cable  714.14  1301.73 

Meters  206.79 

Steam  piping,  891.81 

'Work  Shop  Equipment,  86.10 

Installation  lamps ,  .  630.03  • 

~  'S'8'3972'2'  ~ 

Loss  cost  of  New  Work.  1966.15 



Gross  receipts  for  Light  &  Power  $15019.41 

Less  Running  Expenses  -  --  --  _____________  H222.13 

Profit  on  Light  &  Power  3797.28 

Est .Profit  on  Mdse.  746.51 

Total  profit  ---------------  $  4543.79 

Running  Expenses  -  -  - - -  -  -  -  -$11222.13. 

Construction  Accts.  4873.07. 

Interest  (Est.)  1000.00 

-  $17095.20 

Gross  income  .  .  .  _____  15765.92 

Excess  of  Expenditure  over  income  ------------  1329.28. 

If  we  allow  that  the  $3000  spent  for  boilers  by  order  of  the 
Board,  and  $610.30  for  repairs  to  street  work  are  properly  not 
chargeable  to  Construction  and  Expense  Accts.,  We  have: 

Gross  income  $15765.92. 

Gross  Expenditures  ----  ______  13484.90. 

Excess  of  Income  over  Expenditures  -----$  2681.02. 

The  cost  of  new  services  and  of  first  installation  of  lamps  for 
new  consumers  is  as  follows: 

Services  1301.73. 

Installation  lamps  ----------  630.03. 

-  $  1931.76. 

Although  in  each  case  the  amount  is  not  large,  the  aggregate 
at  the  end  of  a  month  is  a  good  deal.  Could  we  add  these  to  what  is 
paid  for  we  would  have  excess  of  income  over  expenditures  $  4612-. 78. 

As  this  Company  now  lias  very  closely  1000  consumers,  your  Engi¬ 
neer  &  Manager  request s  your  approval  of  the  increase  to  35#  profit 
on  Mdse.  Of  a  more  frequent  and  possibly  uniform  demand  for  payment 
for  first  installation  of  lamps  and  of  payment  to  be  slowly  returned 
by  deduction  from  bills  for  all  services.  This  action  may  diminish 
the  number  of  applications  for  light  but  will  also  reduce  the  expen¬ 
ditures  on  plant. 


The  Spruce  &  Pine  St.  Railway  Co.  and  the  Peoples  Railway  Co. 
are  about  to  ask  the  privilege  of  using  Electricity  for  motive 
power  and  Messrs.  Brooks  &  Murphy,  Presidents,  have  been  communi¬ 
cated  with  and  asked  to  investigate  our  facilities  for  furnishing 
power  before  erecting  their  own  station.  Your  Engineer  finds  that 
the  Edison  Co.  of  Boston  has  effected  a  very  profitable  arrangement 
to  furnish  power  to  the  Street  Railways,  obtaining  an  income  of 
§50000.  per  year  from  them  for  the  use  of  4  Engines,  the  Railroads 
furnishing  their  own  dynamos  and  conductors. 


The  use  of  overhead  wires  by  competing  companies  has  been 
called  to  the  attention  of  the  Director  of  Public  Safety  by  our 
Counsel  and  we  await  his  decision  in  the  matter. 

Very  respectfully  &  truly  yours, 

Supervising  Eng.  &  Gen.  MangV  . 

Philadelphia,  Uovembor  1|  1S90. 

To  -the  President  and  The  Board  of  Directors, 

Edison  Electric  Light,  Co.  of  Philadelphia. 


Your  Engineer  and  Manager  reports  lamps  and  motors  to 

Hov.  17th.  as  follows: 

lamps  connected 

36408  Sixteens 

Motors  " 

Total  M 

S535/l2  K.F. 

9876  * 


lamps  applied  for 

5711  Sixteens 

Mot  ors  "  * 

Total  "  « 

78V24  II. P. 

1174  " 

6885  " 

Total  of  applied  for  &  Connected 

53169  Sixteens 

Ultimate  capacity  of  12 
and  18  dynamos 

Available  for  extension 

boilers,  9  engines 

67500  » 


This  will  probably  carry  us  until  next  March,  before  be¬ 
ing  absorbed. 

Your  resolution  to  charge  in  all  cases  for  services  and 
in  many  cases  for  first  installation  of  lamps,  will  probably  some¬ 
what  diminish  the  number  of  applications,  but  the  disagreeable  odors, 
of  gas  and  the  large  number  of  suffocations  from  it  of  recent  date", 
are  forcing  users  of  light  to  come  to  us.  We  will  also  get  the" 
considers  from  the  Deft  Light  and  PowSr  Co.  as  unless  they  obtain  the 
services  of  a  better  Engineer  very  soon  it  will  be  impossible  to  get 
people  to  use  their  light. 

HEW  II  A  C  H  1  ii  E  R  Y  | 

The  boilers  of  Battery  i^l  are  now  in  regular  use  giving  j 

us  9  boilers  available.  Battery  #4  will  be  completed  before  Dec.  ! 

1st.  and  available  for  use  within  a  week  or  10  days  thereafter. 

Six  new  dynamos  and  two  new  engines  are  here  and  one  engine  and  one  j 

pair  of  dynamos  will  be  running  by  Dec.  1st.  enabling  us  to  take  i 

care  of  the  pressing  needs  of  some  of  our  consumers  for  December 
1st •  and  all  of  our  machinery  will  be  at  T/crk  before  Christmas  week. 


The  ordinance  and  petition  of  some  700  of  our  consumers  to 
permit  of  street  repairs  and  house  connections  in  winter,  was  intro¬ 
duced  at  the  last  meeting  of  Select  Council  by  Kir .  Jas.  A.  Freeman 
and  referred  to  the  joint  committee  of  Highways  and  Electricity. 

Acting  under  the  advice  of  an  experienced  lobbyist;  a  lith¬ 
ographed  copy  of  this  petition  was  sent  to  each  member  of  the  Select 
and  Conmon  Councils  to  avoid  having  it  overlooked  in  the  Committee. 

Your  engineer  and  manager  will  through  its  friends  have  it 
pushed  as  rapidly  as  he  can  without  creating  si  general  impression  of 
our  imperative  need  for  it. 


The  recent  action  of  the  Edison  Gen'l  Electric  Co.  in  re¬ 
ducing  the  price  of  lamps  to  44,  42  and  40/,  the  least  price  being 
for  quantities  of  500  and  over,  while  selling  to  us  at  32/  reduces 
our  profit  on  lamps  to  25/  of  the  buying  price.  An  endeavor  to  in¬ 
crease  the  volume  of  our  lamp  business  has  been  made  by  advertising 
prominently  in  such  newspapers  as  were  owing  to  us  25/  of  their  bills 
for  advertising. 

Since  this  reduction  in  price,  we  have  sold  some  large 
lots  and  it  may  prove  that  in  the  end  we  have  not  been  the  loBers  by 
this  reduction  of  price. 

With  the  approval  of  your  President,  an  energetic  protest 
has  been  entered  against  an  attempt  made  by  the  Edison  Gen’l  Elec¬ 
tric  Co.  to  sell  lamps  and  other  materials  to  Phila.  ’wiring  firms 
directly  from  Hew  York.  No  response  has  as  yet  been  made  to  this 

iommunicat  f 


During  the  month  of  October  21  new  services  were  introduced 
A  large  #350  main  was  laid  from  Chestnut  to  Market  on  Fifteenth  St. 
thus  giving  us  access  to  the  Penna.  R.  R.  Depot  from  two  directions. 

The  oost  of  street  work  was  largely  increased  by  thi3  work 
and  by  the  requirement  of  the  City  to  repave  from  curb  to  car  track. 

You  are  aware  that  we  have  been  obliged  by  this  City's  of¬ 
ficials  to  draw  cables  into  the  worthless  Penn  Conduit  on  Chestnut 
Street  from  3rd  to  9th  Street  Y/o  cannot  give  satisfaction  there 
until  we  can  got  permission  to  use  the  regular  Edison  tube.  The  re¬ 
pairs  are  costing  us  a  great  deal. 

We  have  not  as  yet  felt  the  reduction  in  oost  of  service 
work  which  will  result  from  the  resolution  of  the  Board  at  its  last 
meet ing . 


Salaries  (estimated}  $1410.34 
Rent  "  112.50 

Taxes  "  122.61 
Royalty  Penn  Co.  599.97 
Office  expense  223.80 

Commissions  3.00 
Coal  3676.04 
Oil  and  Y/aste  204.94 

Workshop  expense  181.09 

lamps  exchanged  (estimate)  4875  1560.00 

General  expense 
Dynamo  Room 
Engine  Room 
Boiler  Room 

House  '.'firing  Inspection 
Meter  Expenses  and  Materials 
Repairs  to  steam  machinery 
Repairs  expanding,  straightening 
and  testing  tubes  for  Battery  #1 
Repairs  to  steam  piping 
Repairs  to  Station  Building 
Repairs  to  street  work 
Repairs  to  Electrical  App. 

469. SG 

10 . 08 

an  ordin- 

$642.73  of  this  expense  will  not  again  appear  as 
ary  expense,  as  your  engineer  seized  the  opportunity  to  thoroughly 
overhaul  Battery  #1,  doing  much  at  once  that  would  otherwise  have 
been  deferred  in  regular  work. 


Central  Station  Building  $  8.55 

Central  Station  Machinery  '  2014.24 

Electrical  Apparatus  417.91 

Electrical  Conductors  1063.96 

Services,  labor,  etc.  $644.28 

Cable  314.15  958.43 

Meters  482.02 

Steam  Piping  902. G9 

Workshop  Equipment  18.47 

Installation  lamps  (est)  424 . 00 


less  cost  of  new  work  2780.86 


About  $3000  out  of  this  $3500  has  been  spent  on  services, 
meters,  lamp  and  electric  main  on  15th  Street. 

Your  engineer  and  manager  desires  to  call  your  attention 
to  the  diminution  and  disappearance  of  the  conmission  account. 

Many  of  the  estimated  items  do  not  appear  on  the  books  at 
all  this  month.  The  royalty  paid  to  Penn  El.  Co.  is  a  severe  tax 
which  will  increase. 

The  profit  on  lamps  for  October  was  $1113.32  and  on  9 
isolated  plants  about. §600. 

In  the  final  settlement  of  accounts  with  the  Abendroth  & 
Root  Mfg.  Co.  your  support  is  requested  in  making  them  bear  their 
just  share  of  the  cost  of  repairing  their  iiiiperfect  mechanical  ' 

work  on  Battery  #1.  Apart  from  specific  bills  made  jut  against 
them,  their  work  has  by  its  mechanical  imperfections  and  delays  e 
ded  largely  to  the  expense  of  making  steam. 



Gross  receipts  for  light  and  power  $20681. 72 

Less  running  expenses  12117.15 

Profit  on  light  and  power- 


Est .  profit  on  Mdse. 


Total  profit 


Running  Expenses 


Construction  accounts 


Interest  (estimated) 



Gross  income 


Excess  of  income  over  expenditures  $  5768.48 


With  this  report  is  handed  you  as  complete  an  analysis  as 
possible  of  the  records  of  our  consumers. 

Prom  it  I  should  infer  that  hereafter  this  station  can 
count  on  a  gross  income  of  240000  per  year. 

Expenses  140000  »  « 

Profit  $100000  "  " 

and  upwards.  We  will  earn  $25000  in  November  and  more  in  Decem¬ 
ber.  We  have  not  secured  ono-tenth  part  of  the  possible  lighting 
m  our  district.  The  present  need  is  capital  to  complete  plant  and 
extend  it.  Our  present  office  lease  soon  expires  and  the  ground 
upon  which  it  is  built  is  subject  to  easements.  Can  we  not  obtain 
the  properties  bounded  by  Sansom  and  Ninth  Streets  and  alley  in  the 

rear  for  future  extensions? 

Very  respectfully  and  truly  yours 

Supr.  Engineer  &  Genl.  Manager. 

The  Edison  Electric  Llicjht  Company 





"■>  No  guesswork;  is  safe'.  All  finns  undertaking  to  wire  buildings  should 
'  for glvcifnm  ll"'  cn^a^j-0^  *n'c'Mjz'ntl5’  computing  tlic  sizes  of  wire  required 
Over  to  the  purchaser  it  should  he  inspected  and  approved  by  unauthorized 
uispcctor  of  this  Company  i  but  this  Company  wilt  not  assume  any  responsi- 
Mtty  for  defects  whteh  may  develop  or  tor  variations  -from  their  Pubes,  the 
r£?rinrii\‘tyfi^d'JeCtS  or  loss  remaining  wholly  with  the  firm  doing  the  N  . 


Should  the  wiring,  mi.  inspection,  appear  to  be  defective,  this  Coinpimy 
will  so  report  to  the  wircuien  and  to  the  person  or  persons  for  whom  the 
.  wiring  is  done,  and  will  not  turn  on  the  current  uutif  it  receives  a  written 
acknowledgement  of  such  notice  and  a  release  from  nil  responsibility  for 
.  accidents  or  defective  lighting, ’If  the  defects  are  not  immediately  remedied. 

-,,'v  ,  REPORT. 

All  firms  doing  wiring  for  this  Company  will  make  detailed  written  ‘ 
reports  on  blanks  furnished  on-application  at  this  office  for  each  house  and'.  1 
this  report  will  be  verified  by  the  inspector  in  detail  before  current  is  turned  on.  l  \ 

•.v  'J,\  '  appliances;'  ■  i. 

1  -  'Samples  'of  ali  the  appliance*  required  for  electric  lighting,  insulators, 
porcelain  cut-outs  and  safety-plugs,  switches  of  various  capacities  lamp  - 
,  sockets,  brackets,  electroliera,  etc.,  will  be  kept  on  exhibition  at  the’ office  '  . 

909  Sausoin  Street,  and  orders  will  have  .immediate  attention.  ••  This  Coup 
SOlC  ”gCUt  f°7U  °f  .U,C  Edison  patents  ivithin.the 

'  \I  c  1  "  ^  CUT-OUTS  *A^  _  \^V 

■  safety-plug znefuand  breaks °be°current miVprerenta' dverileatbg’of'Siris  '  ' - 
when  overloaded  or  short-circuited.  No  cut-out  should  be  a  single  pole.  % 

V..  SWITCHES.  -  \  :\  .  v\ 

Switches  should  be  placed  in  dry,  accessible  places,  group  them  if  pos¬ 
sible,  and  mark  circuits  . which  they  control.  “  See  that  nil  contact  surfaces 
are  bright  and'clenn,  and  set  firmly  agatrilt  each  oilier.-  Switches  of  various  > 
ampere  capacity  are  directly  procurable  from  us.  x  '  V  x 

ie  whole  fixture  f»™«  «1»*» 
vc  extra  good  ins 

ig  joint 

[.different . 

No  araffme  insuTafim'^l^ sharp^edges^or  burrs.  Special 
usecP^  Flexible  cord  must*  not  be  used6  oityfixtuSs  unlessv 
polarity  are  untwisted  and  separated  by  atfleast  one  quarter 
.  TESTING*.  ,  ' 

■.  Individual  circuits  of  cvciy  building  wired  will  be  tested  for  grounds 
and  crosses  with  a  magneto  generator,  capable  of  ringing  through  20,000 
ohms,  before  the  current  is  put  on.  After  thorough  inspection  by  the  Corn- 
Insurance  turaou^ie^iireut “  prc9cutat‘ou  of  CertiGcate  of 

The  Edison  Electric  Light.  Company  Is  pleased  to 
announce  &(>,000  Lamps  ordered  and  connected;  and 
to  inform  their  customers  that  it  now  has  an  ample 
supply  of  power  for  all  additional  demands. 

®di§or?  ©leetpie  ©o. 


Philadelphia,  December  10th,  1890. 

Dear  Sir: — 

On  October  15th  the  Board  of  Directors 
of  this  Corripany  directed  that  all  services  from 
street  to  houses  should  be  paid  for  at  cost,  as 
also  the  first  installation  of  larrips  at  current 
prices.  These  larnps  thereafter  to  be  rnaintained 
and  renewed  free  of  charge,  as  usual.  In  the  case 
of  new  consumers  we  have  no  difficulty  in  ad¬ 
vising  thern  of  this  change  in  our  rules.  We  find 
however,  that  a  large  number  of  our  old  custo¬ 
mers  who  had  free  service  and  lamps  are  adding 
new  lamps  and  we  feel  bound  to  advise  them  of 
this  change  in  the  regulations  before  charging 
them  for  additional  installations  of  new  lamps 
In  all  disputed  cases  the  Board  of  Directors 
has  vested  the  right  of  final  decision  in  the  Super¬ 
vising  Engineer  and  General  Manager. 


////vw/7/  vV  V _ - - , 

’■c&tt^sjL'  jttc,  (Z£*<z-c* 

/ft&c  tfeetr-  J>/e%L^r/9t 
SC? .  t^-^L 

(%f  diT'/f'#/?  <€Ut&£s 

cmsf  0ZCS.  ^ 


Dear  Sir.-, 

The  balance  of  your  account  due  us  is  $ 

And  we  have  made  up  a  statement  of  the  position  of  the  several 
securities  for  our  customers  transactions  with  us,  and  if  you 
will  call  we  will  show  you  from  it,  where  the  securitiesV}!Sld 
for  the  transactions  on  your  aocount  are 

Yours  Truly 

The  Edison  Electric  Iiight  Company  of  Philad’a 





This  Contract,  made  this . .  day  0f 

A.  D.  Eighteen  hundred  and  ninety  t  .  ..ji  between 

and  the  EDISON  ELECTRIC  LIGHT  COMPANY ,  of  Philadelphia ,  Ulitnesseth, 
That  the  said . 

desiring  to  introduce  in  the  premises ,  No . . Street. 

an  Electric  Motor  of. .  ho,  se  power, 

and  believing  that  the  use  of  same ,  during  each  four  weeks ,  will  not  fall  below  1000  ( One 
thousand)  horse  power  hours,  nor  exceed  1500  ( Fifteen  hundred)  horse-power  hours;  agree 
to  have  a  meter  placed  in  connection  with  the  motor  as  a  check;  and  further  agree  to  pay  for 
the  use  of  current,  within  the  above  limit  for  one  year  from  the  date  hereof,  the  sum  of 
$91l-7°\  (.nine  hundred  and  seventy-seven  and  seventy  one  hundredths  Dollars)  payable  every 
four  weeks  in  sums  of  $75.00  (Seventy-five  dollars .) 

In  the  event  of  the  said . . 

using  the  current,  in  any  four  weeks,  to  an  extent  exceeding  i5oo  (Fifteen  hundred)  horse¬ 
power  hours  as  shown  by  meter,  shall  be  charged  5  cents  (Five  cents)  per  horse-power  hour 
for  use  of  current. 

On  the  contrary,  should  the  use  of  current  by  said . 

. in  any  four  weeks  not  amount  to  1000  (One  thousand) 

horse-power  hours,  shall  be  charged  pfi  cents  (Seven  and  one-half  cents)  per  horse-power 
hour  for  use  of  current. 

These  charges,  per  horse-power  hour,  to  be  in  lien  of  the  fixed  charge  of  $15.00 
(Seventy-five  Dollars)  named  above. 

The  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  agrees  to  furnish  the  said . 

. . . . . . . . . . . with  current  to  run  said 

. horse-power  motor  for  one  year,  from  date  of  this  Contract,  upon 

the  terms  above  specified ,  unavoidable  accidents  excepted,  in  which  case  a  proportional  reduc¬ 
tion  will  be  made,  which  will  be  shown  by  meter. 

The  said . 

agrees  that  the  terms  above  specified  are  satisfactory,  and  in  event  of  non  payment  of  bill  to 
permit  current  to  be  cut  off  five  days  after  presentation  of  bill. 

In  Witness  Whereof,  the  said  parties  have  signed  this  agreement  the  day  and  year 


1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  -  General 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  J.  C. 
Henderson,  engineer-in-chief;  Samuel  Insull,  second  vice-president;  and  H. 
Ward  Leonard,  general  manager.  Many  of  the  documents  pertain  to  the 
consolidation  of  the  various  Edison  companies  and  to  the  internal  affairs  of  the 
departments  within  the  new  company.  Some  of  the  letters  concern  the 
development  of  alternating  current  multipolar  dynamos  for  electric  lighting  and 
multipolar  electric  motors  for  street  cars.  Other  documents  relate  to  canvasses 
of  potential  customers  for  new  central  stations  in  various  towns  and  cities. 
There  are  also  two  maps  of  the  United  States  with  figures  listing  the  electric 
light  installations  of  Edison  and  his  competitors.  In  addition,  there  are  several 
lists  of  existing  and  potential  central  stations  across  the  nation. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  pertaining  to  contracts,  orders,  requisitions,  bills,  receipts,  and 
other  financial  matters;  letters  of  acknowledgement  and  transmittal;  meeting 



A,,  .  *% 

Jill  ..  aaJ 

I  Mu>.\  York, . J.anuary....2.4.ttu_1590; 

■  yL  ' 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

VL  -  4  ‘  -V  I 

:  Orange,  N.  J. 

\  'N  j 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

H-  b  ,'  v”  '  ^  ‘ 

_  ,  ^  3  If  (fa  ,  *  /’  *'  >'  !/U :  A\,i 

I  learn  from  Mr.  Sargent  that •  you  are  -very  decided  in  ■ 

your  views  that  the  Engineering  Department  of  the  General  Company 
should  take  charge  of  the  construction  of  the  new  plants  in  New  0 
York  City,  —  /  ° 

0  i? 

I  cannot  understand  Thy  there  should  be  any  objection  to 
this  course,  and  am  prepared  to  second  your  views  in  this  direo- 
tion  to  any  extent  within  my  power.  ^ 

There  will  be  an  Executive  Committee  on  Monday,  and  I  ^  ' 

propose  to  bring  this  question  before  them,  where  1  think  it  can  «  ° 

be  carried  through  Jn  accordance  with  your  views,  <"  ^ 

I  would  be  glad  to  have  you  write  me  a  letter  to  this  ^  ^ 
effect,  which  1  will  read  to  the  OcmmittSe,  but,  will  only  use  it  r  ^ 
in  the  event  of  your  not  finding  it  convenient  to  fce  present  at  ”  : 


.  the  meeting 

I  will  advise  you  later  at  what  time  it  will  be  held 
An  early  reply  will  oblige,  ^ 

Yours  very  truly, 

Vice  .President, 

19  William  Street. 

£  Gjz  c 

¥  San  Francisco  Agency  ^  G» 

Edison  General  Electric  Co. 


,32  M< 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,  , 
Orange,  S,  J. 
My  Deal  Edison 

necdco, ...Feb ruary  25th, . 1880..  do 

iir>'  y  /U~i  ;  V  Xr 

'•  ■ 

I  dined  lasu  evening  with  Mr.  de  Young,  the  owner  of  the 
San  Ft ancisco  Chionicle,  and  there  I  met  a  Mr.  heille,  a  portrait 
painter  from  Germany,  who  has  ccme  here  to  paint,  portraits  of  sane 
distinguished  people.  He  said  to  me  that  when  he  left,  Germany, 
some  parties  connected  with  the  German  Edison  Company  asked  him  to 
paint  a  portrait  of  you  before  he  returned.  I  told  him  what  so 
far  as  I  knew,  there  was  no  satisfactory  picture  of  you, .  and  if  he 
made  a  successful  picture,  there  would  be  many  copies  made  of  it,  ! 
but  the  great  difficulty  would  be  in  getting  you  to  find  time 
enough  to  give  him  the  sittings.  He  has  akked  me  to  give’ him  a 
letter  of  introduction  to  you,  so  that  when  he  returns,  he  can  step 
over  in  Mew  York,  and  see  if  he  can  arrange  about  he  sittings.  I 
think  he  intends  returning  some  time  in  April.  I  hope  you  will 
be  able  to  spare  the  time  to  give  him  the  sittings,  as  I  would  like 
to  see  you  handed  down  to  posterity  in  better  form  than  anything  I 
have  seen.  Mrs.  de  Young  is  quite  fashionable,  and  a  great  en¬ 
tertainer  here,  and  she  feels  that  she  and  her  husband  should  help 

Thomas  A.  Edison  2d 

me  all  they  can,  because,  she  says,  some  years  ago  she  was  ab  a  re¬ 
ception  at  my  house  in  New  York,  with  Mrs.  John  Eigelow.  I  do 
nob  rem ember  ohe  fact,  but  I  am  very  glad  that  she  does,  as  they 
can  be  very  useful  to  me  here. 

I  came  here  from  New  York  at  Henderson's  request,  as  he 
wanted  my  experience  and  advice  in  managing  matters  here,  while 
the  getting  of  the  franchises  was  placed  by  Mr.  Villard  entirely  in 
his  hands,  I  suppose  Mr.  Villard  having  more  confidence  in  his 
ability  than  in  mine;  and  from  the  letters  that  I  receive  from  the 
company,  giving  me  instructions  on  matters  uhat  I  knew  five  years 
ago,  I  am  afraid  that  the  "powers  that  be"  in  New  York,  have  not 
much  confidence  in  my  judgment.  If  you  share  that  feeling  I 
would  be  glad  do  know  it,  as  I  shall  certainly  hand  in  my  resigna¬ 
tion,  as  soon  as  you  notify  me  that  you  do.  I  have  written  to 

Mr.  Herrick,  calling  to  mind  the  conversations  that  we  had  at  the 
time  I  made  my  contract ,  in  which  he  told  me  that  business  would 
be  managed  in  an  entirely  different,  manner  fiom  what  it  has  been, 
and  that  I  had  agreed  to  take  a  small  percent  with  that  understand¬ 
ing,  but,  on  the  contrary,  the  business  has  heretofore  been  managed 
exactly  as  i..  was  under  Johnson's  administration,  and  that,  whereas 
I  got  ten  and  fifteen  per  cent  under  Johnson,  I  was  now  getting  two 
per  cent,  and  that  .1  was  nob  satisfied  with  my  arrangement.  He 
wrote  me  word  to  let  she  matter  stand  until  I  came  East,  which  I 
am  will  ing  to  do. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  3d. 

I  think  this  is  a.  fine' territory  for  our  business,  and 
it  has  been  very  much  neglected.  I  am  fully  satisfied  that  Ladd 
kept  control  of  our  business  here,  and  did  nob  push  it,  but  used 
it  as  a  club  to  further  his  Interests  in  the  telephone  and  the  tel¬ 
egraph,  and  now  is  the  time  we  should  fill  these  towns  with  sta¬ 
tions.  I  shall  do  my  utmost  bo  close  up  this  place,  Los  Angeles, 
Sacramento  and  Oakland  by  the  first  of  April,  as  I  am  anxious  to 
return  to  New  York  in  April. 

I  do  not  write  this  as  an  official  letter  to  you,  but  to 
you  personally,  as  you  well  know  I  am  in  bhe  company  because  you 
asked  me  to  stand  by  you. 

If  I  can  serve  you  in  any  way  out  here,  please  address 
me,  and  I  will  take  pleasure  in  doing  so. 

Yours  r,ruly^_  /n 

Oen'l  Agt.  of  (Jen.  Stations. 


Mills  Building, 

New  York,  May  28,  1800. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  beg  to  inform  you  that,  at  the  next  meeting  of  the  Board 
of  Trustees  of  this  Company,  the  following  Resolutions  will  be 

RESOLVED,  that  the  By-Laws  be  amended  so  as  to  create 
the  office  of  Second  Vice-President,  and  so  as  to  authorize 
the  said  new  officer  to  perform  all  the  duties  of  the  Pre¬ 
sident  and  Vice-President  in  case  of  their  absence  or  their 
prevention  from  performing  them  thrcu^i  other  causes. 

RESOLVED,  that  the  President  be  authorized  to  issue 
a  general  order  placing  the  manufacturing  and  selling  de¬ 
partment  in  charge  of  the  Second  Vice-President. 

it  6^ 


Respect  fully, 


New  York  City,  .June  /0th,  1890. 


Edison  General  Electric  Company, 

Samuel  Insull,  Esq., 

Second  Vice-President, 

Dear  Sir:- 

'louohing  Consolidation  I  beg  to  say: 

[1]  The  problem. is  to  consolidate  with  the  General  Co.  in 
the  simplest  way. the  following  six  companies:  Machine  Works,  Bergmann 
&  Co.,  Lamp  Co.,  United  Edison  Co.,, .Canadian  Co.  and  Sprague  Co. 

[2]  ;  As -to  all  of  the  said  six  companies  except  the  Sprague 
Co.,  I  advise  cthat  by  proper  resolutions  unanimously  approved  by  the 
stockholders,- reach  company  shall  provide  for  assigning  its  entire' prop¬ 
erty  to  the  General  Co.,  for  One  dollar,  the  General  Co.  .formally  as¬ 
suming  all  obligations. 

[3]  As  regards  the  Sprague  Co.,,  I  hope  that  Mr.  Herrick 
can  arrange  with  Mr.  Morris  touching  the  outstanding  fifty  shares.  If 
that  be  done  that  Company  can  sell  out  to  the  General  Co.,  for  One 
dollar,  by  unanimous  consent  of  stockholders  just  the  same  as  the  above 
named  companies  are  to  do. 

[4]  If  Mr.  Herrick  does  not  arrange  with  Mr.- Morris,  we  can 
still  carry  out  the  above  plan  as  regards  the  other  five  companies  and 
then  as  regards  the  Sprague  Co.,  we  can  proceed  under  the  Statute  to 
consolidate  itowith  the  General  Co.  In  that  case  stockholders'  meet¬ 
ings  must  be  hpld  of  the  General  Co.  as  well  as  of  the  Sprague  Co.,  on 
thirty  days'  notice,  and  the  consolidation  must  be  approved  by  at  least 
two-thirds  in  value  of  the  shareholders  of  the  respective  companies.- 

It  Is  by  all  means  much  more  simple,  cheaper  and  less  troublesome  in 
the  end,  to  proceed  by  assigning  with  unanimous  consent  of  stockholders, 
instead  of  by  consolidating  under  the  Statute.- 

[5]  As  regards  the  corporate  organizations  left  after  the 
assignments  are  made,  they  will  be  empty  shells,  and  can  be  wound'  up  at 
will.  But  so  long  as  any  outstanding  suits  continue  against  such 
company,  it  will’  be  simpler  to  keep  these  organizations  alive.  " 

[5]  If  the  companies  assigned  by  unanimous  consent  of 
shareholders,  nobody  can  object  except  some  future  judgment  creditor. 

Such  judgment  creditor  might,  if  his  judgment  were  not  paid,  take 
steps  to  set  aside  this  assignment  as  having  been  made  with  the  intention 
of  defrauding  him  as  creditor.  'But  practically  there  is  no  danger  of 
this,  because  the  General  Co.  would  pay  the  ‘judgment  itself. 

[71  You  will  doubtless  ask  whether  these,  organizations, 
existing  as  mere  shells,  will  be  taxable.  You  need  have  no  anxiety 
about  that.  In  the  first  place  the  tax  is  upon  the  market  value  of 
the  stock,  or  on. the  value  of  the  property,  and  we  can  satisfy  the 

assessors  that  the  stock  and  property  have  absolutely  no  value.  In 
the  next  place  we  can  reduce  the  capital  of  each  one  of  these  companies 
immediately,  if  need  be,  to  a  nominal  sum  say,  $1,  000.,  which  practical¬ 
ly  would  make  the  tax,  even  if  they  be  taxable,  next  to  nothing,  be¬ 
cause  it  would  be  manifest  that  the  stock  had  no  market  value.  Again, 
we  would  not  care  very  much  if  the  assessors  levied  the  tax.  We  could 
let  them  put  it  into  judgment,  for  the  judgment  would  be  worthless,  the 
company  having  no  assets;  unless,  indeed,  there  were  pending  suits  in 
which  the  company  in  question  were  a  plaintiff,  and  in  which  something 
were  realizable. 

[8]  Before  carrying  out  either  of  the  foregoing  plans,  we 
must  know  just  what  outstanding  contracts  the  said  six  companies  have, 

and  with  the  aid  of  Mr.  Hodgkins,  I  have  gone  over  that  matter  thoroughly. 
Probably  no  list  of  these  contracts  was  ever  made  before.  V/e  find  that 
altogether  there  are  about  two  hundred  and  fifty  of  them,  but  not.  more 
than  one-fifth  of  these  are  live  contracts  worth  considering.  As  regards 
the  said  one-fifth,  they  can  be  reduced  to  five  or  six  printed  forms, 
and  new  contracts  can  be  made  without  much  trouble  or  delay,  thereby 
protecting  the  rights  of  all  parties  to  the  contracts.  I  assume,  in 
fact  I  am  told  by  you,  that  the  other  parties  to  important  contracts 
will  consent  to  substitute  the  General  Co.  for  the  old  companies,  sev¬ 

[9]  Please  consider  this  as  only  an  informal  report  for  use 
at  the  Board  Meeting  to-day.  In  due  time  I  shall  make  you  a  lengthy 
report  and  shall  include  a  list  of  the  said  two  hunured  and  fifty  con¬ 
tracts,  so  far  as  they  are  material.  You  can  see  that  this  work  nec¬ 
essarily  takes  time,  but  we  are  pushing  it  with  diligence. 

[10]  I  suggest  that  you  ask  the  instruction  of  the  Board 
as  to  whether  they  consent  to  the  method  of  assignment  made  above,  in 
reference  to  consolidation  under  the  Statutes,  that  is  to  say,  so  far 
as  relates  to  companies  in  which  we  hold  or  control  the  entire  stock. 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain 
Very  truly  yours, 

S.  B.  EATON, 

General  Counsel. 


.  «L  ,  U 

' .  JVew  York, .^J  RQQ  7 ftp 

Thomas  A.  Edison ,  Esq. 

Orange,  H.  J. 
Dear  Sir  :  - 

Your  favor  of  June  11th,  enclosing  copy  of  correspondence 
with  Mr.  R.  R.  Bowker,  Pirst  Vice  President  of  the  Edison  Elec¬ 
tric  Illuminating  Company  of  New  York,  received.  I  would  have 
answered  this  sooner  but  have  been  absent  in  Schenectady. 

Mr.  Beggs  was  here  to  see  me,  some  time  ago,  and  request¬ 
ed  me  to  make  pencil  sketches  of  arrangenent  for  station,  stating 
at  the  same  time,  that  the  engines  must  be  on  the  ground  floor,,,, 
boilers  above,  coal  above  that,  and  if  necessary,  other  floor's^, 
still  above  that;  that  the  boilers  must  be  of  the  Babcock  &  Wil¬ 
cox  type  as  he  had  already  purchased  them  some  years  ago,  and  that 
the  pumps  must  be  of  the  "Worthington"  type. 

I  asked  him  what  thickness  of  walls  I  would  allow  for, 
and  he  replied  that  about  4  feet  would  do  as  it  was  only  a  prelim-* 
inary  sketch  that  was  required. 

I  also  asked  him  if  the  shape  of  the  property  was  a  rect¬ 
angle  and  he  said  that  it  was  nearly  so. 

Mr.  Bowker  however  called  in  connection  with  the  survey, 
and  stated  that  although  they  were  anxious  to  go  .in  accordance 
with  your  ideas  as  to  canvassing,  still  a  case  had  arisen  wherein 


it  was  necessary  to  lay  clown  conductors  at  once,  as  I  ejqplained  to 
you  on  my  visit  to  Orange. 

I  asked  him  for  a  sketch  of  the  plot  of  ground,  which  he 
has  sent  me.  I  find  that  it  is  a  rhomboid  in  shape,  and  it  is 
possible  to  put  in  fifteen  of  the  large  units  giving  a  total  I-.H.F. 
of  23,805  or  maximum  efficiency  of  18,000  H.P. 

The  Boilers  would  have  to  be  on  two  floors,  if  of  the  Bab¬ 
cock  &  IVilcox  type.  Double  deck,  B.  &  W.  boilers  would  give  us  on 
each  floor  13,160,  or  a  total  on  the  two  floors,  of  26,300  H.  P. 

This  H.  P,  is  by  our  own  rating,  suitable  for  triple 
compound,  allowing  the  large  quantity  of  20  pounds  of  water  per 
H.  P.  for  safety,  thus  allowing  for  all  losses,  leakage,  pximps, 
heating,  hoisting,  etc.  etc. 

The  water  required  for  condensation  at  the  maximum  ef¬ 
ficiency  will  be  8,300  Gallons  per  Minute.  At  one  quarter  of  the 
capacity  of  the  station,  or  in  other  words,  the  long  run,  as  per 
practice  of  our  large  stations  equals  2100  gallons  per  minute.  This 
necessitates  a  very  large  supply  of  water,  and  from  the  location 
of  the  lot,  which  is  somewhere  in  the  neighborhood  of  the  old 
"Collect  Pond",  it  may  be  obtainable  by  a  number  of  Artesian  Wells. 

If  not  obtainable  the  next  best  thing  is  to  have  an  est¬ 
imate  made  on  the  procuring  of  sea-water  from  the  river.  The  first 
thing  necessary  however,  before  undertaking  ■  any  design  is  to 

settle  on  the  actual  quantity  of  water  obtainable  for  purposes  of 
condensat ion. 

If,  we  have  to  use  engines  "high  pressure",  the  power 
will  be  as  follows  ;  raising  the  steam  pressure  to  185  pounds.  We 
can  get  from  the  same  engines  an  I.  H.  F.  of  19,300,  or  a  maximum 
efficiency  of  14,500  H.  P. 

This  will  necessitate  three  floors  of  double  deck  Babcock 
and  Wilcox  Boilers. 

I  enclose  sket  ch  as  I  will  submit  to  Mr.  Beggs.  Of  course 
the  idea  of  exhausting  or  condensing  together  with  the  other  items 
as  mentioned  by  Mr.  Bowker,  is  all  subject,  as  I  before  stated  to 
the  question  of  water  supply,  primarily. 

If  you  have  no  objection  I  would  like  to  enclose  a  copy 
of  this  letter  to  Mr.  Beggs. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Now  Y  o  r  k,  .Tune  2G,  1390. 

To  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Beq.» 

as  a  member  of  the  Syndicate  for  tho  purchase  of 

Edison  General  Electric  Company's  Stock: 

Referring  to  the  two  circulars  heretofore  received  by  you  in 
relation  to  your  participation  in  the  purchase  of  stock  of  the 
Edison  General  Electric  Company,  you  are  hereby  advised  that  the 
time  during  which  all  the  stock  is  to  be  hold  subject  to  the  con¬ 
trol  of  the  Syndicate,  has  been  extended  until  September  1,  1390. 

Yours  truly, 




Department  of  Engineering. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

Herewith  enclosed  I  hand  you  report  of  Mr.  Russell  who 
canvassed  the  cities  of  Cincinnati,  Cleveland  and  Buffalo,  regard¬ 
ing  the  allotment  of  lights  in  the  different  classes  of  dwellings. 
Will  you  please  give  me  your  opinion  regarding  this 

matter,  and  oblige, 



JVew  York, — JuXy„2nd.rlS.9.Q, _ 189 

A. 0. Tate  Esq., Private  Secretary, 

Edison's  Lab oratory, Orange,  N, Jersey. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Yours  of  the  1st, with  relation  to  Mr.  Edison's 
account  against  the  General  Company  is  not  at  all  satisfactory. 

I  cannot  possibly  collect  a  bill  up  to  the  1st  of  January, 
1890, and  at  the  same  time, be  only  able  to  inform  the  officers  of 
the  General  Company  that  "the  bills  since  then  are  well  under 

I  must  be  able  to  give  them  something  definite  as  to  the  a- 
mount  of  the  bills.  As  a  matter  of  bus-iness  it  would  be  very 
foolish  for  then  to  pay  the  bills  to  the  first  of  January  and  nbt 
know  what  is  going  to  follow  between  the  first  of  January  and  the 
first  of  July. 

Yours  truly, 


:  e£E<l  9 

l  44  IHU  STXmT.  W 


0.  JVeto  York, . July.....l0.r189Q.. . 189 

John  P. Randolph,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  you  herewith  statement  received  from 

Messrs .R.L. Cutting, Jr .&  Co.,  showing  the  various  prices  at  which 
the  898  Shares  of  General  Stock  were  sold  by  ;bhem. 

SUalt  Co^-j> 




Ol(l /cl  aeaxmt  < 

n// 1 ih/'  e/  <0  _ ^ 

R.  L.  CUTTING  Jr.  &  CO., 


///  Z#o 













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' :  / '•  ••'  »• 

: '  .:/  1  • 

New  York, . JulX.l.Q., IS.9Q*__  18 il 


16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq 

,(Lf~  1  j  La 


Orange,  New  Jerse; 
Dear  Sir:- 



Xtr  c^a.fc  ,AJ-< 


I  enclose  you  herewith  a  confidential  circular 
handed  me  by  Mr.  E.  D.  Adams. 

This  was  not  handed  to  me  officially,  but  simply  personally  to 
me  to  present  to  you. 

Mr.  Adams  would  like  to  know  if  you  would  liko  to  have  one  of 
these  circulars  addressed  to  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company, 
or  to  yourself.  I  would  like  to  have  some  conversation  with  you 
on  this  subject  the  next  time  I  see  you.  In  the  meantime,  please 
let  me  have  your  views  on  the  subject,  and  return  the  circular  with 
your  reply  at  the  same  time. 

Second  Vice  President. 

6-yv~r  ftt£7 


Sieu&j  >  '“• 


Illuminating  Companies  held  last  Summer,  the  Edison  General  Eleo- 
trio  Company  promised  to  have  an  Alternating  System  out,  at  the 

latest  within  six  months.  A  year  has  now  expired  since  that  meet¬ 
ing  was  held,  and  we  are  no  furthar  ahead  to-day  than  we  were  at 
that  time.  The  matter  of  Alternating  apparatus  is  a  very  serious 
one  indeed  to  our  business. 

I  have  arranged  with  The  Edi  son  Machine  Works  to  wind 
one  of  your  Multipolar  machines  for  alternating  current.  The 
point  that  I  am  particularly  anxious  to  get  information  from  you 
on  is  the  question  of  the  Converter.  It  is  of  the  utmost  possi¬ 
ble  importance  that  we  should  be  able  to  go  ahead  on  alternating 
apparatus,  so  as  to  be  ready  for  our  next  season's  business.  I 
would  like  to  know  definitely  from  you  what  I  can  promise  to  our 
Distriot  Managers  throughout  the  country.  I  do  not  want  to  issue 
circulars  to  them  giving  them  an  idea  that  three  or  six  months 
from  now  we  will  be  turning  out  Alternating  apparatus,  and  at  the 
end  of  that  time  find  that  I  cannot  keep  my  promises.  I  think 

that  it  is  particularly  important  that  in  our  new  organization  any 
promises  I  make  to  our  people  should  be  absolutely  adhered  to, and 
I  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  bear  this  in  mind  when  you  reply  to 
this  letter. 

Yours  truly, 

Second  Vice  President. 

( E  q  U ITA  B  LE  BUILDING) 

EATON  &  LEWIS  t7 


EUGENE  H.  LEWIS  //,>;£  July  19’;  1890 . 

Mr.  A.  0.  Sate, 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Matter  of  Edison  Companies  Consolidation:  We  are  in  re¬ 
ceipt  of  your  letter  of  the  18th  insrt.  with  agreements  in  duplicate 
between  Edison  General  Eleotric^Co.  and  EdiBcm  lanp  Co.,  under  date 
of  July  11th,  1890,  duly  exeojited.  Please  accept  our  thanks  for 
th  Q  s  am  o* 

'  truly  yours , 



Miv  York, . Jul.y...23r...189.. 

r lease  address  reply  to 

■G.°^E!I.I>:EM.T:l:ATft:iSt  j8  BROAD  STREET, 

Thomas  A. Edison, Esq. , 
Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir:-  . 

• . .  In  dealing  with  the  various  people  now  in  the 
service  of  the  Edison  General  Company,  I  find  that  the  Central  Sta¬ 
tion  business  has  been  in  the  hands  of  Mr.W.Freston  Hix.  I  think 
that  our  new  organization  through  District  Offices  will  take  care 
of  this  business,  and  I  am  inclined  to  think  that  we  cannot  very 
well  use  the  service  of  a  man  like  Hicks.  I  remember  that  you  felt 
very  strongly  as  to  his  engagement  by  the  Company,  at  the  time  that 
the  arrangement  was  made  with  hin^  and  I  would  like  to  know  exactly 
your  position  in  connection  with  him  before  I  see  Mr. Hicks  with 
reference  to  a  termination  of  our  relations  with  him. 

Yours  truly,  ^ _ . 


IX.  ^ 

Second  Vice  President. 


New  York,  July  30,  1890. 


member  of  the  Syndicate  for  the  purchase 
of  Edison  General  Electric  Company  Stock. 

Dear  Sir:  : 

Referring  to  circular  of  June  28  received  by  you,  you  are 
hereby  advised  that  the  above  Syndicate  is  dissolved  and  no  longer 
controls  the  stock  held  by  you. 

Yours  truly. 




New  York, 


New  York,  August  ist,  1890. 

We  beg  to  inform  you  that  the  business  of  Wire  Insulating  heretofore  carried  on 
by  The  Edison  Machine  Works,  has  been  transferred  to  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company, 
and  will  henceforth  be  conducted  as  a  Department  of  that  Company. 

The  Edison  General  Electric  Company  will  have  District  Offices  in  New  York,  Chicago, 
Denver,  San  Francisco,  Portland,  Oregon,  New  Orleans,  and  Toronto.  These  Districts  will  carry 
a  comprehensive  stock  of  the  wires  manufactured  by  the  Wire  Department.  The  Districts  named 
will  supply  the  territory  as  indicated  below: 

j EASTERN  DISTRICT.— Chas,  D.  Sliain,  Manager,  16  Broad  Street,  New  York  City, 
Maine,  New  Hampshire,  Vermont,  Massachusetts,  Rhode  Island,  Connecticut,  New  York, 
Pennsylvania,  New  Jersey,  Delaware,  Maryland,  Virginia  and  West  Virginia. 

CENTRAL  DISTRICT.— John  I.  Beggs,  Manager,  Rialto  Building,  Chicago,  Ills.,  North 
Dakota,  South  Dakota,  Minnesota,  Iowa,  Missouri,  Wisconsin,  Illinois,  Michigan,  TnRin^n 
Ohio  and  Kentucky. 

ROCKY  MOUNTAIN  DISTRICT. — Geo.  W.  Coster,  Manager,  Masonic  Building,  Cor. 
16th  and  Welton  Streets,  Denver,  Colo.,  Kansas,  Nebraska,  Colorado,  Wyoming,  Montana, 
Utah  and  New  Mexico. 

PACIFIC  COAST  DISTRICT.-W.  S.  Heger,  Manager,  Room  6,  No.  f  Sutler  Street, 
San  Francisco,  Cal.,  California,  Nevada  and  Arizona. 

'  PACIFIC  NORTHWEST  DISTRICT.-S.  Z.  Mitchell,  Manager,  Portland,  Ore., 
Oregon,  Washington  and  Idaho. 

SOUTHERN  DISTRICT. — O.  T.  Crosby,  Manager,  Cotton  Exchange  Building,  New 
Orleans,  La.,  Texas,  Arkansas,  Indian  Territory,  Louisiana,  Mississippi,  Tennessee, 
Alabama,  North  Carolina,  South  Carolina,  Georgia  and  Florida. 

CANADIAN  DISTRICT, — M.  D.  Barr,  Manager,  Bank  of  Commerce  Building,  Toronto,  Ont., 
British  Columbia,  Northwest  Territory,  (Athabasca,  Alberta,  Assinoba  and  Saskatchewan,) 
Manitoba,  Ontario,  Quebec,  New  Brunswick,  Nova  Scotia,  Northeast  Territory, 
Labrador,  Newfoundland. 

In  all  business  matters  with  this  Company  we  request  that  you  will  communicate 
the  District  Office  operating  the  territory  in  which  your  business  is  located: 

Yours  truly, 






The  reason  I  wrote  on  the  original  letter  from  Mr.  Adams  was, 
that  I  thoughtthat  the  information  from  the  canvass  made  at  Buffalo 
might  be  of  great/use  to  our  General  Company,  and  I  wanted  to 
consult  with  Mr.  Edison  on  the  subject  before  he  replied  to  Mr. 
Adams*  letter. 

If  we  turn  this  information  over  to  Mr.  Adams,- and  he  pays 

for  it,we  could  not  use  it  in  case  we  wanted  to  get  up  a  Central 
Station  at  Buffalo  for  ourselves,  and  I  think  it  is  only  a  question 
of  time  when  we  will  arrange  to  form  a  company  in  Buffalo. 

I  shall  probably  see  Mr.  Edison  at  the  laboratory  tomorrow 
Saturday,  and  will  confer  with  him  on  the  subject  and  will  then 
see  you  about  it 

Yours  truly. 

from  Mr.  Kruesi,  with  relation  to  Multi-polar  Maohinaa. 

I  send  this,  to  you,  so  that  you  will  see  that  the  delay  is  not 
all  on  the  side  of  the  Schenectady  people.  The.  faulty  figuring 
referred  to  was  made  by  Mr.  Weiner  who-  never  did  any  such  work  un¬ 
til  we  sent  him  to  Orange  as  a  draughtsman;  in  fact  we  had  no  idea 
you  would  use  him  for  any  such  purpose  as  figuring  out  a  dynamo. 

Mr.  Weiner's  figures  were  submitted  to  Mr.  Kennelly  and  Mr. 
Batchelor,  and  naturally  our  Schenectady  people  accepted  them  as 

Eno.  1. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.J. 


eDisot*  •>  - 

'  c. 

u  ,LtUTRIC  CO. 


.A few  York-,  July  31,  1890..  ISO 

Samuel Insull, Esq. , Second  Vice  President, 

16  Broad  St.,  New  Yoxfc  City. 

Bear  Sir:- 

Xn  answer  to  your  telephone  message  of  July  30th 
makig  inquiry  as  to  the  Multipolar  Dynamo  machines,  I  beg  to  say 
thatwe  have  completed  one  for  alternating  current.  The  result  of 
the iest,  however,  is  such  that  the  machine  will  have  to  be  re- 
de signed  and  the  field  enlarged.  This  is  being  done  now,  while 
two  machines  are  being  built  as  first  designed.  Although  they  are 
not  up  to  standard,  I  am  sure  that -we  can  sell  them  readily  either 
as  motors  or  dynamos. 

As  to  the  cost  I  would  say  that  it  is  essential  that  the  new 
dhwings  are  finished  before  the  cost  is  figured,  as  it  would  be 
iipossible  to  come  near  enough  without  having  the  drawings. 

Yours  truly, 






taly  on  receipt.  It  will 

Aug. . 4th 

The  meeting  of  the  heads  of  the  Departments  of  the  General  Company 
will  be  held  in  your  Library  at  your  Laboratory  in  Orange, on  Tues¬ 
day  morning  at  10  o'clock  if  this  will  suit  you.  All  our  people 
are  arranging  to  be  out  there  at  that  time, and  as  it  practically 
means  that  our  business  will  be  without  heads  for  the  whole  day, 

I  am  anxious  that  there  should  be  no  slip  up  as  to  the  meeting, and 
as  to  your  being  able  to  give  us  as  much  time  as  may  be  necessary 
to  discuss  a  number  of  very  important  subjects  which  will  be  brough 


Reply  received  by  J.P. Kelsey  from  Mr. Randolph  at  10.20 
Mr. Edison  will  be  here  all  day  to-morrow. 

Dear  r-iri  — 

I  send  you  herewith  a  set  of  tables  gotten  up  by 
the  United  ^ die on  Manufacturing  Company,  giving  various  data  regard 
ing  the  Edison  business  and  the  calculations  of  conductors,  which  ' 
you  may  occasionally  find  convenient  for  reference. 

I  have  had  the  book  marked,  "Edison  General  Electric  Company", 
for  convenience  in  identification  and  return  in  case  it  be  lost* 

The  tables  are,  of  course,  unofficial  under  the  present  organ¬ 
ization,  having  been  compiled  by  the  United  Company,  but,  being  in 
a  concise  form,  you  may  find  the  same  convenient  for  reference. 

Truly  yours,  . 

Vtc.Vu^*  OjayfCot 

/  £  c>  if . 


16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

August  20th,  1890, 

Thomas  A. Edison, Esq. , 

0  r  a  n  g  e,  N.  J. 
Bear  Sir:- 

1  enclose  you  herewith  form  of  license  to 
Mr. W. A. Phillips j  who  used  to  run  our  Wirifi  Department  at  Sohe- 

Please  sign  this  as  President  of  The  Edison  Machine  Works.  . 
It  is  to  close  up  our  contract  relations  with  Phillips  tinder  which 
we  had  the  right  to  his  inventions  for  it*  electrical  purposes, 
he  controlling  them  for  other  purposes.  Please  return  the  Agree- 
ment&to  me  as  quickly  as  possible. 

Yours  truly, 




on  receipt .  Jt  »v 


,  Name  of  Person  JtecefrJug. 

From  whom  received: 

To  whom  sent: 


— <5^ 

Oh %^7tukXy  L_  _ _ _ _  _  ^ 

A*}  jw*.  ^^Jkoa-Jk,  +J0&4*4^i 

dri4&*f  <KyM>  &—pM~  W 

4a^  ^iw  .  fhitviap  pf  ^ 

(&^~t*aU*A,  A^{Zzta^JU*J}  cH4^K**Ly>  m  MCrO^ 

fe4*«**fc4  4-^ckA***,  4w  & 

fas£»  *  0L  &  $tA&Jf  Ww-4t“'  ^4**  pUm4T  *£ 
l&i&t  **«  tKZuJr*  +*auU  X»Zj,  :  : 

%^*£+9  4ii£M  0<*^I<aUx  ..  i 

-^4SPfa2^fe^fe>'  \ 



f <r  (&t^_j-^7. 

(yO*^.  JL  /seuSf  .  /  <FyC' 


[ATTACHMENT.  AUGUST  22,  1890] 


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|f!  [  ADDRESS  RE  PLY '70 

September  3rd  1890. 

A. 0. Tate, Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 
Ediosn  Laboratory, 

Orange, N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  you  herewith  two  pay  warrants  of  the 
Edison  General  Electric  Company, for$  3790.26  and  $  4402.68 

These  two.  pay  warrants  should  be  credited  on  your  books  to 
the  Edison  Machine  Works.  They  are  to  settle  up  the  old  accounts 
and  are  also  to  settle  up  some  matters  in  connection  with  what  is 
known  as  the  Vumbo  machine"  orders. If  your  accounts  disagree  with 
the  Schenectady  Works  (  I-^Mfer  to  the  old  Machine  Works  account) 

I  wish  you  would  get  into  communication  with  Mr. Gilmore  and  have 
the  accounts  checked  up  immediately. 

Please  use  this  mmttm  money  as  carefully  as  you  possibly  can 
and  try  and  make  it  carry  you  over  on  pay  rolls  for  the  next 
three  or  four  weeks  to  come.  By  that  time  I  shall  settle  affairs 
with  the  Edison  General  Com  pany'  and  the  North  American  Company  so 
that  we  will  get  back  the  railroad  expenses  and  also  the  expenses 

in  connection  with  electric  lighting  experiments. 

Yours  trulls  r — \ 


T.  Aw  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange ,N.  J» 

Dear  Sir  s  - 

In  answer  to  youra  of  September  1st,  in  relation  to  can¬ 
al,  I  find  that  it  is  emptied  as  yon  say  for  a  portion  of  the  year.- 
Our  engines  of  course  would  be  able  to  take  care  of  this  for  that 
length  of  time .working  at  high  pressure,  or  rather  non- condensing. 
This  however,  would  be  very  bad  on  the  engines  and  very  difficult 
to  regulate.  The  same  party  that  is  looking  up  locations  is  look¬ 
ing  tip  the  subject  of' well-,  and  has  the  guarantee  of  one  canpany 
there  to  supply  us  with  any  amount  of  water  by  going  a  certain 
dep  th. 

In  regard  to  the  10  H.PwMotors,  I  find  that  it  is  by  Mr. 
Sargent's  instructions  that  they  are  so  called.  He  certainly  had 
some  reason  for  doing  so,  and  I  guess  it  was  from  the  fact  that  they 
were  all  about  10  H.P.  I  have  however  had  our  man  there  go  aid 

take  each  one  separately  so  as  to  be  sure. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Engine er-in-Ohief;.  . 



16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

Sept.  8th, 1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq., 
Orange, N.J, 
Dear  Sir;- 

I  beg  to  advise  you  that  at.  a  meeting  held  on  the 
4th.  inst. ,at  16  Broad  Street,  of  the  Heads  of  Departments  of  this 
Company,  I  brought  up  the  question  as  to  what  voltage  should  be 
adopted  as  a  standard  for  our  alternating  system.  After  a  great 
deal  of  discussion  it  was  the  opinion  of  the  meeting, 
that  fifty  volts  at  the  lamps  should  be  adopted  as  the  standard, 
inasmuch  as  this  was  the  adopted  standard  of  all  of  the  opposition 
Companies, and  that  we  would  therefore  be  able  to  get  into  the 
field  more  readily. 

Second  Vice  President* 


:  16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 


Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq. , 
Orange ,N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  you ‘herewith  copy  of  a  letter  .dated 
August  30th,  received  from  Francis  R.Upton.and  also  copy  of  a  let¬ 
ter  dated  Sept,  3th,  received  from  H.Ward  Leonard,  General  Manager, 
both  relating  to  the  Municipal  system. 

I  wish  you  would  let  me  have  your  views  on  this  subject  as 
soon  as  possible.  ; 

Yours  truly, 



.v; .  t.'i  ,;n  &8  to  carry  a  stacj;  of 
or.-:  carefully,  By  our  pr~. 
t,%:  iJt's  for  ijiunioip,;]  ,c  . ... 

V-r*u r a  truly. 

General  U&naps! 



'  New  York,  September  8th,  18B0. 

Sara'l.  Insull,  Esq.,  second  Vico  President, 

Edison  General  Electric  Company. 

Deal*  Sir * 

I  return  to  you  herewith,  Mr.  Upton* a  latter  of  the 
30th  ult.,  regardiip;  the  municipal  system.  In  tW.3  com  action  beg 
to  say  that  we  aro  endeavoring  to  push  the  reunioipal  system  as  muoh 
as  wo  can,  but  the  fact  of  tho  matter  is ,  the  system  i3  vary  ex¬ 
pensive  as  compared  with  other  incandescent  street  limiting  oystams 
and,  as  a  usual  thing,  tho  arc  light  system  is  preferred  fer 
street  lighting.  Wherever  municipal  lighting  comas  up  in  oomoo- 
tion  v/ith  an  Edison  oontral  station,  1  think  it  1b  properly  urged 
that  the  municipal  systom  be  installed,  and  in  case  it  bofcat  in¬ 
stalled,  it  is  merely  due  to  the  fact  that  the  system  and  price 
aro  not  sufficiently  attractive  to  the  purchaser. 

Some  eight  months  ago  I  placed  v/ith  the  Lunp  company  an  order 
ft>r  some  6  l/a  ampere  lamps,  with  the  idea  of  using  those  lamps  on 
a  circuit  of  half  ampere  lamps,  operated  by  a  Sperry  half  are 
dynamo;  in  other  words,  tho  Sperry  half  arc  dynamo  can  be  used  ... 
very  advantageously  to  operate  half  aro  lamps  and  in  the  same  | 
with  the  half  aro  lamps,  inoandosoont  lamps  req  uiring  the  same 
But  since  we  had  no  lamps  of  this  current,  it  bo- 



S.  I.  2 

came  necessary  to  order  and  get  some  in  stock  before  we  could 
proceed  with  such  plant.  The  Lamp  Works  has  not  as  yet  been  able 
to  deliver  the  lanps  in  question, although  they  have  done  some 
experimental  work  regarding  the  matter. 

Just  as  soon  as  I  have  these  lamps, I  am  confident  that  I  can 
place  lamps  of  this  nature  and  am  sure  that  they  would  operate  very 
satisfactory, for  the  machine  would  be  equiped  with  the  Sperry 
regulator  and  hence  be  entirely  automatic  in  its  performance, which 
eliminates  one  of  the  greatest  objections  to  the  municipal 
system, namely, the  necessity  of  having  a  regulating  board  in  the 
station  for  each  circuit. 

I  think  our  present  municipal  system  used  an  incandescent,  lamp 

of  altogether  tod  small  a  current, for, in  order  to  place  a  large 

number  of  lamps  on  any  one  circuit, it  becomes  necessary  to  operate 

the  circuit  at  a  presure  which  is  extreme, or, to  express  it  in 

another  way, if  we  operate  at  1200  volts  and  use  3  Ampere  lamps 

we  can  place  only  a  comparatively  small  number  on- any  one  circuit, 

consequently  the 

which  makes  the  number  of  Circuits  excessive  aad  it  eonpli aflt as ■ tho 


cost  of  construction  is  excessive  and  it  complicates  the  question 
of  regulation  of  the  central  station  greatly.  We  are  the  only 
people  I  know  of  in  the  world  who  are  operating  a  series. lamp  re¬ 
quiring  three  amperes*  Heisler  people  use  a  lamp  requiring  5  v 


r„  i.  a 

anyo.-ea  anti  the  ThompsonlKouston  use  a  lamp  which  roquirog  about 
3.0  ampovoa, while  own  only  tokos  throe, 

X  call  your  attention  to  the  fact  that  one  of  the  principal 
causes,  outside  of  the  deficiencies  in. tha  design  of  tho  system, 
which  tom!  to  prevent  the  introduction  of  the  ayetam  and  which 
will  tond  to  prevent  any  modification  of  It  trhioh  v©  nay  got  up,io 
tho  very  high  price  of  tho  device*  which  are  camfaeturod  at  the 
How  York  Works*  'Also  l  desire  to  express  an  opinion  that  these 
devices  are  not  well  designed  anti  my  bo  redesigned  no  so  to 
secure  a  very  great.  redaction  in  coat  end  aloe  a  very  groat  ««- 
poriority  in  their  performance*  She  municipal  hood, which  is  ono 
of  tho  assent ial  features  of  the  municipal  system, coats  just 
about  twice  what  it  outfit, and  is  an  extremely  poorly  designed  nf** 
fair  oven  them. 

I  appreciate  the  difficulties  which  Mr.  Upton  calls  attention 
to  in  manafacturine?  lamps  to  supply  sash  a  limited  anti  voided  class 
of  orders,  I  do  not  aoo  that  wo  oan  do  anything  to  assist  matters 
but  I  think  to 'could  soon  got  out.  a  system  which  will  enable  uo 
to  got  some  municipal  lighting  against  any  competition  in  tho  field 
th-ely  yours, 

(signed)  !>.  V/awl  I-oonard. 

donorol  Manager* 



New  York,  Sept.  30,1890 

Mr.  A.  0,  Tate, 

Private  Secretary, 
Orange,  N.J. 

Near  sir  :  - 

1  have  your  favor  of  Sept.  27th, enclosing  copy  of  letter, 
addressed  to  R.  R.  Bowker,  let  Vice  President  of  tho  Edison  Elec. 
Illuminating  Company  of  New  York,  by  Thomas  Roes*, Jr.  . 

It  is  evident  that  he  its  mistaken  as  to  the  cause  of  the 
damage  done  to  the  brick  smoke  stack,  by  exhausting  steam  into  the 
same.  It  is  not  the  small  quantity/  of  oil  carried  ova r,  which  is 
detrimental  to  the  brick  and  mortJr  work,  but  the  moisture,  duo 
to  the  exhaust  steam  in  connection  with  the  products  of  combustion. 
The  oil  ought  to  be  eliminated  on  nearly  so  before  it  arrives 

Engine  er- in- Chief . 



to  (St.  IS  BROAD  STREET. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

By  request  of  Mr.  Insull,  I  beg  to  hand  you 
herewith  a  letter  addressed  to  Mr.  V/.  «.  Hamner  by  Silvanus  jB 
Thompson  Esq., of  London,,  with  reference  to  certain  matters  on  our 
larger  sized  Dynamos. which  he  desires  to  embody  in  a  nev;  issue  of 
his  book  entitled  "Dynamo  Electrical  Machinery",  and  which  he  ex¬ 
pects  to  get  out.  shortly. 

Mr.  Insull  would  be  glad  to  have  your  advice  on  this  mat¬ 
ter,  as  to  whether  or  not  we  should  furnishj^^ Thompson  with  the 
information  which  he  desires.  . 

October  3rd,  1890. 

Yours  truly, 

Enc.  bl 




16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

Octo.  ?th,,  1S90. 

Thomas 'A.  Edison,  Esqr., 

Orange,  N,  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

.1  beg  to  refer  to  you  a  letter  from  a  Dr.  Kittlar  of 
Darmstadt,  Oermany,  addressed  to  Mr,  Phillip  Seubel,  and  which  he 
has .  referred  to  us  .  You  will  notice  that  Dr,  Kittlar  desires  to 
®ht  certain  information  in  regard  to  our  Dynamos  to  embody  in  a 
Revised  edition  of  the  Manual  or.  "Electro-Technics". 

Will  you  kindly  advise  us  as  to  whether  or  not,  you  de¬ 
sire  this  information  to  be.  given  Dr.  Kittler? 

Yours  truly, 


♦  Ai$ 


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M"  fa,  j  j 

UlL  Wo  *»*  CfeliP  l/k&  'frXAA^UCjt-A-^, 

_ e-b-fadp  "ty  gyp  ov4~g^grp».u^^i>v«»^utu^j 

0”-po*  'iw*1  jsao* 

"WJF  !3  E!i:OVD  SM.BEEA- 
^  iitbl'A  10 

. .  '  i' 

Ootobor  8th,  1890. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  Doar  Sir:- 

Mr.  Bookman,  a  distinguished  onginoor,  of  Now-burgh  , 

Y.,  called  at  tho  offico  yostorday,  and  stated  that  you  had  authorized 
him  to  request  us  to  have,  a  cany  ass  made  at  Nov/burgh,  for  tho  purpose 
of  enabling  tho  Nowburgh  Company  to  successfully  compoto  with  the. 
Tliomson-Houston  and  Wcstinghouso  poople.  I  write  this  letter  to  vor-. 
ify  his  request,  and  to  ask  whether  it  is  your  idoa  that  tho  Nowburgh 
Company  should  pay  tho  exponsc  of  this  canvass,  or  the  expense  thqroof 
bo  borne  by  this  Company. 

Very: trulyvyour s, 



now  York,  Octobor  y,  1,-JfJO. 

01  ikf.Ut.AK  iwi'L'TIik  #1,  I.D. 

1  oas1  Sir: 

It  is  intended  this  this  l  -p -at  muni.  shall  bo  able  to 
furnish  the  district  Managers  and  others  connected  with  the  Com¬ 
pany  information  upon  any  oubjeot  an  unqui ry  con  coming  which  cun 
bo  reasonably  anticipated. 

This  department  will  undoavor  to  p jot  together  inl’omation 
regarding  plants  established  by  this  company  and  regarding  plants 
established  by  the  opposition;  also  information  regarding  price 
list  and  data  of  all  apparatus  of  opposition  companies,  also  des¬ 
criptions  of  .ill  character  concerning  the  business  of  this  com¬ 
pany  and  opposition  companies. 

In  getting  together  information  of  this  kind,  this  de¬ 
partment  will  have  to  depend  largely  upon  the  assistance  of  those 
in  the  field  for  supplying  it  with  information  concerning  matturoj?.: 
which  may  of  interest. to  others  connected  with  the  business. 

Any  information  sent  in  of  such  a,  character  will  be  care¬ 
fully  filed  and  recorded  and  whore  -off sufficient  importance  will 
be  distributed  to  the  District  Managers  and  others  occupying  im¬ 
portant-  posi-t-i-ona-.  in  the  oompan.v.  by  means. of  circulars. 

It  will  be  the  duty  of  District  Manager  a  to  seo  that 
all  information  of  a  novel  character  which  will  bo  of  interest 
to  others  connected  with  thi3  business  be  promptly  transmitted  by 
thorn  to  this  department.  In  ouae  a  large  amount  of  work  v/ould 
bo  necessitated  by  getting  together  information  of  this  character, 
it  will  bo  well  for  District  Managers  to  first  find  out  from 
this  department  whether  it  is  already  in  possession  of  such  in¬ 
formation,  or  deoirao  to  receive  the  matt  or  in  question. 

Cataloguoa  and  descriptive  mutter  of  this  company  will  bo 
gotten  out  by  this  department,  and  District  Managers  will  be  ex¬ 
pected  to  send  in  all  information  possiblo  regarding  othor  publi¬ 
cations  of  a  similar  nature,  or  suggestions  regarding  the  same. 

The  advertising  will  bo  conducted  by  this  department  and 
suggestions  in  regard  to  pro  cent  and  prospective  advertising  will 
be  appreciated.  Any  enquiry  received  by  thiB  dopartmont  will  re¬ 
ceive  prompt  attention,  and  if  the  information  bo  not  at  hand, 
every  endeavor  will  be  usod  to  sooure  it.  With  the  actiwo  co¬ 
operation  of  all  parties  conneotod  with,  this  company,  who  are  in 
the  fiold,  it  is  hoped  that  this  department  will  bo  able  to  sup¬ 
ply  information  of  almost  any  do  si  rejiu  charactor  in  any  particular 

Truly  yours, 

Inteiligonco  Dopartmont, 

Dictated  by  H.V/.L. 

Mo  one lo sure s. 

General  Manager^ 

A;.  Secretary  of  the  meeting  of  the  heads  of  the  depart¬ 

ments  of  thie  Company,  I  bee  to  advise  you,'  that -at  the  last  meet-. 
,.i«Ct  held  October  and. ,  1S90,  Mr,  Kruecsi  reported,  aa  follows, 

.. poneerning  the  Alternating  current,  Multi-polar  Dynamos,  "Mr. 

Kruessi  reported  that  Mr.  Edison  had  requested  that  he  be  allowed  to 
prepare  the  design  of  this  machine  at  the  laboratory,  and  there¬ 
fore  Mr,  K rue  si  had  done  nothing,  in  the  matter  and  should,  wait  for 
Mr.  Edison  for  the  proper  designs". 

Will  you  kindly  advise  me  as  to  what  progress  is  being 

made,  with  the  designs  for  these  machines,  in  order  that  I  may  make 
notes  of  the  same,  in  the  Minutes  of 'the  Meeting? 



r.  C.Hon  tiers  c 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Eaq. 

Orange, N.j, 

New  york,  Octo 
V, Engineer- in- Chief , 

io'W  r 

Herewith  enclosed  please  find  list  of  towns,  canvassed 
and  to  be  canvassed,  shov/ing  the  present  status  of  the  same. 

Yours  very  truly, 


As^ln,r:l,uu  „„ 

V  m\v«Uc««,  'Via. 

X  Pittsburgh,  0  3 

Y  r  riltlrr.o  rn,  ()  2- 
y/a.!yoli-,r,a,  0  ' 
y  •'ir.oirm'.ti, 

X  .T  soy  City, 

\  ’Tev/art;, 

/Hh ft  Pord,fh^w  cAtt. »■(  ^ 
Mow  Haven, 

’.Vo  roasts  r» 

X  Albany, 

Atlanta,  <f 
X'  3  an  1’raneisco, 

3t.  houis, 

X  Omaha, 

^  Ihiff  til  o, 

Syracuse,  tf" 

X  Utica, 

X  Covincton.Ky. 

X  Uowy.o rt,Ky. 

^  Chicago, 
f  Me-'/bnrghjH.Y, 

300, 000 


.  ^Seattle, 

Stations  mentioned  by  T.  A.  Edison  as  requiring  surveys  at 
once.  J.  C.  H. 


X  finished. 

/  Under  way. 

,EET  16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

•  ■  October 

14th,  1890. 




16  &  IS  BROAD  STREET. 

Ootobev  15‘.]i, 



:i,on  street  is  s  is  mm*. 

My  dear  Edison:- 

Oetober  17  th,  1S90. 

I  enclose  you.  herewith  a  letter  f  r cm  Williams,'' 
a  friend  of  Lippi  no  ofct. ,  on  the  subject,  of  alternating  apparatus... 

Do  you  third',  it  advisable  for  us  to  take  port  in  a  f  ight  of 
this  character,  in  view  of  the  fact  that  we  will  probably 'be 
putting  out  alternating  apparatus  within  the  next  six  months? 

Please  return  William’s  letter  with  your  reply,  and  let  me 
hear  from  you  as  early  as  possible. 

Years  very  truly. 

Thomas  A.  Ediscn,  Esq., 
Orarge,  11.  J. 


Edison  General  Electric  Company. 


NOTE— This  confirmation  should  be  cheeked,  with  the  original  message  immediatelg  on  receipt.  It  will 
be  assumed  to  be  correct  unless  advised  to  the  contrary  by  telephone. 


£  G-£c- 

,s  Eb1S©N  LABeRAT0RV. 




/^l^Csi/L/lsO^fC^ ...... . 

October  'M th, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir 

I  beg  to  a3k^as  See  'etary  of  the  meeting  of  the 
Heads  of  Departments, Aether  the  Jes  igno  for  the  small  Haiti -polar 
Motors  have  as  yet  been  sent  to  Schenectady,  in  order  that  they 
may  got  ou*  the  VsHShiU-^/^ 



ajX/tl'- c 

6  c..  ,^-^U  — 

No  one, 


October  31at,18e0. 

Thomas  A. Edison, Esq . , 

Orange , N . J . 

Dear  Sir:  — 

4*  ■  ■  h 


X  v/ould  like  to  liave  from  you  some  information  as 
when  you  are  likely  to  give  us  an  Alternating  Dynamo  and  Convertor 
I  would  also  like  to  know  when  wo  may  expect  the  models  of  the 
small  size  f/.otor .  It  is  important  that  we  should  got  started  in 
this  branch  of  the  work. 

Yours  truly 

2nd  Vice  President. 

ir~  x 

0/7  r%' 

Co  3  ^ 

u  V  S  ✓  — > 
%  ^  '  (c 

1  1_  ‘  <n 

^  '  U 

°  -  \ 

r'*v  * 

'“7  \  Q 


7  ' 

c  — \  e.  ^ 

^ _  i 

i  -  S 

q_  o)  C  l  1 

EDISON  general  electric  company  Address  Fntnro  Communications, 


•  PWS 

Edison  Building,  Now  York. 

November  6th.,  1390. 



A.  0.  Tate',  33sqr.,  Private  Secretary, 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N, 

Dear  Sir:- 

X  enclose  you  herewith,  memorandum  which  I  addressed  to 
Mr.  Henderson  on  the  date  of  November  5th.,  together  with  his  reply 
. in  pencil. 

I  should  like  to  have  an  explanation  from  you,,  as  to  how 
it  has  taken  throe  weeks  for  data  on  the  Alternating  Current  Ap¬ 
paratus  to  get  from  the  Laboratory  to  Mr.  Henderson's  office. 

Yours  truly, 

Second  Vice  President 



'  H.F. 

From  Samuel  Insull.gnd  Vice  Pre  a  t . 

Dear  Sir: 

November- . 5thr18a0,_~ ify 

I  enclose  you  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  received  from 
Mr .Edison1 a  Private  Secretary  with  reference  to  Alternating  Dy¬ 
namo  apparatus.  I  should  like'  to  h8ar  from  you  as  to  whether  you 
have  yet  sent  the  necessary  drawings  to  Schenectady  for  manufact¬ 
ure.  I  notice  that  Mr. Tate  states  that  the  complete  data  for  the 
apparatus  was  furnished  to  you  about  three  week’s  ago. 


-  f 

(Copy. ) 

Samuel  Insull ,Esq . ,  2nd  Vice  Prest. 

Edison  Cieneral  Electric  Co. , 

New  York  City, 

Dear  Sir: - 

V/ith  reference  to  your  letter  of  the  31st  ultimo, in 
regard  to  Alternating  Dynamo  and  Converter, Mr .Edison  has  instructed 
me  to  inform  you  that  the  complete  data  for  the'  Alternating  Dyn¬ 
amo  was  ihrnished  to  Mr. Henderson  three  weeks  ago.  Mr .Edison  . 
understands  that  the  general  drawii^;  lias  teen  finished  and  only 
await  s  the  approval  of  Mr  .Hender  son, when  the  details  can  be 
arranged  in  a  few  days.  If  youwillhave  the  plans  sent  out  here 
for  final  approval, they  can  be  completed  and  sent  to  Schenectady 
next  week  for  nanufacture.  Our  Transformer  is  ready  now  and  only 
waits  for  the  nachingit  cannot  be  manufactured  until  the  latter 
is  ready. 

Yours  very  truly 

(Signed.)  A. 0. Tate, 

Private  Sec'y. 


Edison  building-broad  street  Address  Fiitni’i)  Cummuiiiutioiis, 

GN  NEW  YORK  Edison  Building,  Now  York. 

November  7th,  1890. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. ,  Private  Secretary, 

,  Edison  Laboratory,  ^ 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  5th,  with  relation  to 
the  formation  of  the  Edison  Company. 

I  would  prefer  that  Mr.  Edison  shoLild  not  answer  thi3 
letter  until  I  see  him.  I  v/ill  be  out  to  the  Laboratory  one  after¬ 
noon  next  week .  . 

•"  My  own  impression  is  that  his  permission  to  form  such  a 
company  would  be  an  infringement  on  his  contract  with  Drexel,  Mor¬ 
gan  &  Co.,  on  the  subject  of  Norway  and  Sweden.  It  might  not  be  a 
legal  infringement ,  but  I  certainly  think  that  i t  would  be  a  moral 

I  v/ill  talk  with  Mr.  Edison  on  the  subject  as  soon  as  I 
get  an  opportunity. 

Mo  enc. 

Adtoss  Future  CoiurauuHtiouu, 

Edison  Building,  Now  yorl{i 

November  7th, 1890. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Ksq . ,  Private  Secretary, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

OranGe,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir! - 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  (3th  enclosing  a  letter 
which  you  received  from  Mr.  Stewart. 

I  notice  that  Mr.  Stewart  says:  "  Parties  who  furnished  funds 
have  been  compensated  for  their  outlay"  Evidently  everybody  has 
been  paid  but  myself.  X  advanced  Stewart  $250.00  and  at  the  moment 
I  am  "whistling"  for  my  money. 

Stewart  has  applied  to  us  for  a  position  and  if  I  can  possibly 
place  him  I  shall  certainly  do  so,  as  I  think  that  he  is  a  man  of 
considerable  value  to  us  although  his  ideas  of  business  are  very 

Second  Vice  President. 



Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sirr-. 

'C  <n  4_ 

I  understand  the  Western  Electric  Company  are 
going  to  ask  you  to  give  them  an  affidavit  with  reference  to  re¬ 
gulator  for  arc  apparatus,  in  connection  with  one  of  their  patent  ■ 

Such,  an  affidavit  might  be  unfriendly  to  our  Company. 

We  shall  therefore  be  glad  if,  when  they  ask  you  for  the  affidavit, 
you  will  please  confer  with  us  before  signing  same. 

Yours  timly, 


Second  Vice  President. 

Mr, Thos. A. Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

vr  *- 


Nov, 12- ’ 90.  _ _ t 

/A  'l 

^  ■  1=  •  / 

Dear  Sir,- 

We  enclose  yon  herewith  copy-  of  our  #5-C  catalogue,  en¬ 
titled  “Pacts  about  Electric  Stationary  Motors".  This  issue  is  now 
about  exhausted,  and  we  wish  to  have  another  edition  printed  and  incor¬ 
porate  in  same  a  description  and  photo-engraving  of  the  small  type  of 
motor  which  you  are  now  at  work  upon.  Can  you  furnish  us  with  a  draw¬ 
ing  from  which  wecan  have  an  engraving  madeeoas  to  have  an  electrotype 

made . 

As  we  intend  to  have  an  issue  that  will  last  several  months. 
We  shall  greatly  appreciate  this. 

Awaiting  your  early  reply  we  are. 

Yours  truly. 

Phon. Diet. A, S.  V. 
Enc . 


Gen. Mgr. 

Light  &  Power  Dept. 

,  I  \  ^  •  7 

-\u  °  | 


■°  Li 

X  have  your  favor  of  the  20th.  inat.  with  relation  to 
battery  business,  I  note  your  scheme  of  operation  and  shall  be 
very  glad  if  you  will  have  figured  out  for  me  a  price-list  with 
the  discounts  you  would  allow  our  Company.  X  should  also  like  to 
know  v;hat  Sts  counts  you  would  allow  to  various  other  parties,  so 
that  I  can  figure  on  what  profits  we  could  make  if  we  carried  a 
stock  of  batteries  and  sold  in  large  quantities  to  whoever  might 
come  along  and  require  them.  Your  idea  as  to  prosecuting  the  Erne 
gency  Electric  Lighting  business,  I  think  is  a  very  good  one. 

We  can  probably  develop^  a  good  deal  of  business  in  this 

No  Em 



T.  A.  £(11  sou,  Ssq.,, 

Iildoliya  Park,  Oraaga,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir.,:' 

Wa  transmit  barasHd  ooplaa  otievaral  oirotflar  lefctacr  irbtob, 
*073 -been  aaat  out  f«om  this  offtaa,  tad  mod  may  oontaln matter  at  Interest 
to  you.  • 

ifoari  truly, 

Intelllgaaoa  Departments  by  'Xkfv 





Ootober  29.,  1890. 

'He  .transmit  herewith  maps  showing  the  oondltlonof  the  Inoandesoent’ lighting 
field  In  the  United-States  on  September  1st,  and  on  Ootober  1st,  also  giving 
the  sales  of  our  apparatus;  and  of  opposition  apparatus -durlngthe  months 
preoe.ding  these  dates.  These  maps  are  also  sent  to  the  Bistrlot  Managers,  1 
with  the  Intention  of  keeping  them  Posted  as  to  the  work  as  It  Is  being  oarrled 
on  in  eaoh  state.  ■ 

Yours  truly,  1 

General  Mgr.., 
Intelligence  Department. 

Dictated  by  G. W. 

1  Snolosure.  • 



Incandescent  Light  Plants 

Sold  in  the  U.  S.  ami  Daiueta  during  the  month  of...... 







Unlicensed  " 

Total,  .... 

•JJJUtJl . 



3A22  J  - . 


........ . 


T-H.  ...  . 

.JJJ-jrv. . 

. . . . . 

Other  Companies,  . 

JM.3.2. . 


zT'tj-A-a . 

. ~f~  7Z2 

Edison  Lamps 

Shipped  during  the  month  of _ 


Unlicensed  " 

...JMU. . 

Small  Lamps,  etc., 



Foreign,  .... 

. . 

. _ . . 

Total . 

2/9 ?23 


\±JL£^L . 

Total  Capacity  of  Incandescent  Light  Plants  in  the 
U.  S.(aa^^S£i3)up  to  date.j 


(jolut'rzv  /  f/3iZ3  o~r / I'O'uh./l,  fa  iTf 

^n(>/b63  m-/  „ 

try  /  " 

/f  7, 


Incandescent  Light  Plants 

e  U.  S.  and  Canada  during  the  month  of _ 

,  arena. 

1 6*  c!*P?  LAMPS . 




23  o-t  r 



3  0  / .?  a 

6  3  (.9 r 

2.3  J-d  s' 


; — . 


Other  Com  antes 

/V-93  3 

Tot. . 

3  0  6/3 

. . . 


Edison  Lamps 

Shipped  during  the  month  of _ _ 1890 



•SSS&  ’ 

. f . . 

2-0  ?  6'7f 


3 o  !3o 


Foreign,  .... 

_ 94^? 




Total  Capacity  of  Incandescent  Light  Plants  in  the 
U.  S.  and  Canada  up  to  date. 


,  /,,3/f  or  ,  2^  .t?  <r6 

2.  ,  Lf  b'Z  <f-  rr/ 

3  7., 

2,  Zj 

(OcJ:  ,aJ;  /■p'f  0 


November  7th.  1890, 



1 - 

!  Edison 



Opposi-I Opposi 

-  Total yTotal 

<a  of 

:  Gen.  Cap 

Gen.  Ca 

j.  tion  !  tion 

Gen. Cap.  Gen. Cap. 




i  t0 

:  to 



j Popul. 

:  Popul. 

:  l  to 

il  to 

1  to 

^ ...  ; 




653, 769i'  28  j 

1,173,364.  16 


New  England  142, 975. 


,250, 534.;  15  | 

393,509.  9 





; 580, 218.  46  ' 

939, 441.  28 


Rocky  Moun 

-  26, 640. 


79,376.  13 

106,016.  9 



Pacific  Coastl2,475. 


43,463.  37 

55, 928.  29 


Pacific  N. 



;  26,165.;  23 

65, 760.;  9 



71, 650. 


156, 464.;  93 

228,114.  64 




1,172, 163 


1,  789,  968. 

2, 962,131. 




!  37 




Dictated  by  Intelligence  Department. 

No  .Enclosure. 



Macaws  f.iiM'tw  i'o 

Novum i<3, 

DMWIB',W(”  or  arc  lisbsb  m  ms  M(«o  a««3,  AOco*oes3  «  ot 

Pa3P0--?rw  10  m  ^POLASIOH.  (  3mrB*  MS  I0SGEH  ALUHO,  1390.) 


No.  of  Aro  Lights. 

Gisots  to  PopuUtloa. 

Imum.,.. _  . 

. .«,m. . 

•ila'.-fan-ucL . 

. ?5aZQQ^...... 

Hir-vau . 

- -33.433.- . . 


- 14.A-5J... . 


- sjm, _ 

£mUU.  .Qohh^ _ 

— _ i. 

_  ... 

. . — 

Years  truly, 

Gaami  vi3a323f 
tiU^iHsjaao.-?  Oso-ir taoat. 

So  siiolosurs. 


28th. ,  }  890. 

A. 0. Tate,  Esqr.,  Private  Secretary, 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange, 
Dea-  Sir:- 

.1  beg  to  enclose  you  herewith,  copy  of  a  letter  I  have 
written  to-day  addressed  to  F.  S.  Hastings,  Treasurer,  with  rela- 
■ti0n  t0  char«es  gainst  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company,  The  Ed¬ 
ison  Phonoplex  System  and  T.  A.  Edison. 

I  had  a  letter  from  Mr.  Gilmore  the  other  day,  with  re¬ 
lation  to  the  charges  of  the  Edison  Machine  Works  against  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Company:  he  said  he  had  written  repeatedly, 
asking  for  settlement  of  this  account,  and  could  get  no  reply  even 
to  his  letters. 

I  do  not  think  this  is  the  way  to  treat  business  corres¬ 


Yours  truly, 

T.  A.  Ediaon.KHT. 

Orange,  II.  J. 

Near  Sir  :  - 

I  was  astonish  nd  to  hoar  from  Mr.  InaulX  yost  srday  that 
yoix  were  under  the  impression  that,  the  drawings  for  the  "  A  It  ora  at  - 
in.!'  Machine"  had  not  yet  gone,  to  Schenectady.  I  bog  however,  to 
say  that  the  drawing  for  the  bod  plate  was  sent  to  Schenectady  on 
November  8th,  and  that  the  balance  and  everything  complete  went 
on  November  12th,  13th  and  14th  respectively;  the  Schenectady  Works 
thus:  having  had  the  complete  drawings  for  fifteen  days. 

As  to  the  dro.Trf.ngs  for  the  Street  Car  Truck;  these  will 
be  sent  out  early  next  week. 


( Copy,) 

■om  Sidney  E. Paine,  Dis.  Mgr. 
1  John  mil-.  Gen.  R.Ky.  Agt. 

i:  in  1 

that.  I  : 

rours  of  the  irtli  ionf*.  •  5 1'jj-ocit.  in/r  \r f  •**  •*  j 

V/ost.  End  people  and  ask  them  to  make  sugg  -a.  "  . 

'Sard  to  the  proper  eons  true  ti  on  of  street  c.%;  m  •*..  a 
.t  delicate  a  bo  approaching  them,  but  as  lluV 
repeatedly  request od  us  to  do  so, we  will  comply  .mined  iatjj.  >. 

\lc:  world  oay  in  this  connection  that  they  h:.v .  ex;  .vw.^  1 
hr. Starkey  a  desire  to  obtain  a  slow  sppea  motor,  !td  also  i-rr.  . 
means  or  reducing  tho  noise, the  cause  of  which  seems  to  b ■  a  ■  •  •  - 
sent  undetermined  by  electricians.  The  West  End  people  have  is- 
less  cause;  for  complaint  of  this  latter, after  their  experience  with 
tho  t-h  motor, as  it  is  an  established  fact , beyond-  argument , that 
there  is  a  noise  peculiar  to  tho  Sprague  system  vrhi ch  is  entirely 
absent  in  tho  t-u .  Of  course, any  system  of  gearing  must  cause 

more  or  loss  noise, especially  after  it  has  worn  any 'length  of  •.  Imt . 
but  tho  noise  of  which  tho  customers  of  th  -  Sprague  motor  complain 
is  net  this  rattle  of  the  gears, but  as  was  expressed  to  f.v. Starkey 
it  is  a  "Comanche  Howl? 

Another  suggestion  is  that  tho  switch  cylinder  be  placed  ei¬ 
ther  below  the  platform, and  be  operated  by  bevelled  gears, or  that 
a  projection  bo  placed  in  front  of  the  platform, on  which  the  switch 
cylinder  and  motor-man  may  bo  placed. 

We  will  see  the  West.  End  people, and  if  can  do  nothing 

further  v;e  will  be  pleased  to  send  it  to  you. 

The  West.  End  people  will  very  shortly  be  confronted  with  the 
necessity  of  providing  new  apparatus  and  now  details  for  elevated 
electric  railroads , and  it  will  do  no  harm, certainly , if  Mr. Edison  is 
prepared  at  the  time  that  they  may  call  for  it,  to 'show  that  he 
lu.s  given  the  matter  further  and  mature  xk&snstxxn  consideration, 
and  is  prepared  to  meet  their  wishes . 

Yours  very  truly 

(Signed)  S.B.P. 

!.n  I'D  OWHiCr  ViAMASiiiSS ,  *26,  1. 

a  PDA  NOVSittSH  1,  1390  COXPASiiu  n. 

aAPSij'W  as!»88APaa  capacip?  in  la 

pscoacjf  1,  1349. 

o  t.r  -joisai'  osifsaai.  smcichs  in  tu  • 

■i  IHSi'AiiUft)  3/  Abb  'MjHZ'HH-. 
SO  /(AL'f,  LAMP.3. 

POPOLAitD;»  B‘/  “  VI0SLD3  ALMANAC",  -1,330, 

20rooo  _tg.__7S,a)oL 
. .ovaf.„75fcooo^. 

j  Jaiiaaey  lat.,  to 
!  Nov.  1,  1390. 

f  0 1 A 1  I.ISfcil  lod  ;  ■  j 

Nov.  1,1390.  : 

:  Sdlooa, 



. . 


:  34,336, 

■ '  '  - 




!  3. 150. 


113.920.  • 





'j  71r.355;;! 



i59r,  69 0« 

IfUillt  ■> 

3t«-UAd  bgp|j 
No  oiaigNiu-.), 

J'iX'W'.-CTS.-  •  .  v  ' 

i^PL-  <£jQ-Q~gk^I  ^ 

^  £TIA^T —  6t-|  -P^1 


,.  '.  riixr.^  "few' 

*Z$£**%  \j 

N  GEN^^LECTRIC  company 


December  6,  1890 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Ediscn, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir. - As  we  wish  to  get  out  another  edition  of 

our  called  "Pacts  about  Electric  Stati cnary  Motors" 

we  wish  to  include  in  it  a  description  and  cuts  of  the  two.  snail 
motors  that  you  are  at  work  on.  Will  ym  kindly  fhrnish  us 
with  such  drawings  as  will  enable  us  to  have  the  cuts  nade? 

Awaiting  your  early  reply,  we  are. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Gen.  Mgr^ ' 

«Dic.  A.  S.  V. 

tV  ,  ^  k  ’  /2_ 
v  u  C_ 

.Edison  general  electric. company 


Mr.  A.  G.  Tate,  Private  Sec’ y. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dec.  10-  '90. 

Dear  Sir,  - 

We  are  in  receipt  of  jours  of  Dec.  9th.  in  reply  to  ours  of 
the  isth.  advising  us  that  Mr.  Edison  cannot  furnish  us  with  the  data 
which  we  require  relative  to  the  two  small  motors,  for  a  week  or 
ten  days.  / 

V _ 

New  York,  December  10,  1890 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Director, 

Orange ,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:— 1  enclose  youherewilh  corrected  oojy  of 
list  of  Edison  Licensees,  embodying  also  the  territory  covered 

by  each  and  giving  their  correct  addresses. 

^rn5Tycu  kindly  acknowledge  receipt?^ 


Yours  very  truly. 


Gen.  Mgr. 

Light  &  Power  Dept, 



One  enc. 





November  1st,  1890. 




Northwest  Electric  Co .  Winnipeg,  Man . 

Toronto  Incandescent  Electric  Toronto,  Ont . 

Corporate  limits  of  the  City  of  Winnipeg. 

Corporate  and  municipal  limits  of  the  Township  of 
York,  including  the  City  of  Toronto,  and  all  other 
municipalities  comprised  within  such  limits,  all  in 
the  Dominion  of  Canada. 


Grand  Rapids,  Mich. 

Jackson,  Mich . 

Kansas  City,  Mo.... 

borough,  la. 

.  County  of  Cook. 

.  Bounded  on  north  by  south  side  of  5th  St.;  on  south, 
by  north  side  of  Pearl  St.;  on  cast  by  west  side  of 
Walnut  St.;  on  west  by  east  side  of  Elm  St. 

,  Corporate  limits  of  Canton,  0. 

Present  and  future  limits  of  City,  provided  that  exten¬ 
sions  do  not  apply  to  territory  already  disposed  of. 

Corp.  limits  of  Dayton,  0.,  including  Soldiers’  Home. 

Corporate  limits  of  Dcs  Moines,  Iowa. 

Corporate  limits  of  Detroit  as  it  may  be  extended,  pro¬ 
vided  it  does  not  interfeie  with  territory  heretofore 

Corporate  limits  of  Grand  Rapids. 

Corporate  limits  of  Jackson,  Mich. 

County  of  Jackson,  Mo.,  and  Wyandotte,  Ks. 

Present  and  future  limits  of  City,  provided  extension 
does  not  apply  to  territory  previously  disposed  of. 

Corporate  limits  of  Middletown,  0. 

Corporate  Limits  of  the  City  of  Milwaukee,  for  Central 
Station  only. 

County  of  Hennepin,  Minn. 







Edison  Electric  Eight  Co  . 

Corporate  limits  of  the  Borough  of  York,  and  the  terri¬ 
tory  immediately  adjacent  thereto,  being  the  Town¬ 
ships  of  Manchester,  West  Manchester  and  Spring 
Garden,  in  York  County. 




Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co. . , 

Lawrence,  Mass.... 

Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of 
New  Bedford,  transferred  to  New 
Bedford  Gas  Light  Co. 

Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co. . . 
Skowhegan  Electric  Light  Co . 

New  Bedford,  Mass. 

Newport,  R.  I.. 
Skowhegan.  Me. 

Corporate  limits  of  Lawrence,  Mass,  j  also,  Methuen, 
Andover  and  North  Andover. 

Within  the  corporate  limits  of  New  Bedford,  Mass., 
and  the  adjoining  Towns  of  Fairliaven,  Dartmouth 
and  Acushnet. 

Corporate  limits  of  Newport,  R.  I. 

Corporate  limits  of  Skowhegan. 



Edison  Electric  Illuminatin 
Edison  Electric  Illuminatini 
Edison  Electric  Illuminatini 




Fall  River,  Mass. . 


Its  of  Boston,  Mass. 

Its  of  Brockton,  Mass, 
lits  of  Fall  River,  Mass. 





Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co...  Spokane  Falls,  Wash.  Corporate  limits  and  extension, 



December,  1890. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Mis  on, 

Llewellyn  Park, 

0  i*  a  n  g  e  ,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  hand,  you  herewith  copy  of  letter,  under  date  of  Dec.  8th, 
from  the  Williamsport  Edison  Company,  to  our  Eastern  District  Manager, 
relative  to  the  Thompson  new  watt-meter.  We  are  receiving  a  large 
number  of  inquiries  of  late,  regarding  mechanical  meters,  and  it  seems 
as  though  the  introduction  and  advertising  of  the  Thompson  new  watt¬ 
meter  lias  awakened  a  very  great  interest  'in  this  subject.  1  am  anxious 
to  be  able  to  say  something  in  reply  to  such  inquiries  which  will  indi¬ 
cate  that  we  will  shortly  be  in  a  position  to  furnish  first-class  me¬ 
chanical  meter's. 

I  understand  that  one  of  the  Thompson  new  watt-meters  has 
been  sent  to  your  Laboratory,  and  any  information  which  you  can  give 
me  on  the  subject  will  be  much  appreciated  and  used  judiciously. 

The  model  of  your  mechanical  meter,  which  you  showed  us  at' 
the  Laboratory  about  two  months  ago,  I  understood  was  to  be  developed 
and  put  in  a  condition  so  that  it  would  be  cheaply  and  promptly  manu¬ 
factured.  If  I  can  make  any  statement  in  regard  to  that  meter  I  think- 
it  will  enable  us  to  make  our  various  illuminating  companies  hold  off  a 
little  while,  rather  than  purchase  the  Thompson  new  watt-meter. 

Yours  very  truly, 

\h  Ui-lXt  / 

p -  General  Manager, 

'^Intelligence  Department., 


Williamsport,  Pa.,  Dec.  6  -1890. 

Chas.  D.  Sliain,  Esq.,,  Dist.  Mgr., 

Broad.  St.  ,  New  Eork. 

Dear  Sir:  - 

We  liave  recently  been  making  some  comparison  of  our  output 
of  light,  with  our  gross  revenues  and  if  our  ameters  are  correct  we 
are  furnishing  light  in  this  city  at  a  price  less  than  50  cents  for  its 
equivalent  in  gas.  We  are  desirous  of  making  some  experiment  with 
electric  meters.  What  do  you  know  about  mechanical  electric  meters  in 
general,  and  the  “Thompson  new  watt-meter”  in  particular? 

We  are  told  by  parties  who  claim  to  know  that  the  Thompson 
Watt  meter  is  within  one  per  cent  of  absolute  correctness.  We  do  not 
want  a  chemical  meter;  their  advantages  and  disadvantages  we  are  en¬ 
tirely  familiar  with,  and  beg  that  you  will  confine  your  information  on 
this  subject  to  mechanical  meters  only.  Do  you  know  anything  better 
than  the  Thompson  Meter,  or  can  you  give  us  any  reference  .of  compan- 
iesusing  mechanical  meters  on  the  Edison  two-wire  and  three-wire  sys¬ 
tems?  (2  An  early  reply  will  greatly  oblige, 

Very  respectfully  yours, 

(Signed)  Shaw  Hess. 

General  Managers. 

ciacoLAS  i»8'«aa  10  His  a  os  of  oaPARiMMra,  m,  i.  ■  o.  • 

December  12,  1390.' 

Saar  Sir.,-1 

We  forward  neca,7itn  a  list  of  Sdiaon  Oa'sb  Central  Stations  la  tbs 
United  States  and  Canada',  up  to  Ootober  1st.,  togstner  irttb  an  appendix  to' 
November  1st.,  1890.-  Kindly  a'oUaofflsdga  raoelpt  of  tae  same.- 
yours  truly, 

Ijf' i  (M General  Manager., 
Intelligence  Department.- 

Dictated  by 
1  Snolosura.  • 


With  appendix  to  November  1st.  1890.. 

The  figures  give  the  capacity  of  Generators  in  16  c.p  lamps  (.=50 ■'watts' ) 



-1'31’  J,'‘  M34  0-  li'WL  iflfUB  II  Ml  'JSMkQtM  o.,,  ’ 

toodscJOSt  Slaot.  it,  Co.., 
Ca-Atimn  iiiiot.  i,i.  Co, , 

/;  vistr  Lt.  %  ?:•.  Co.  , 

3oo,  i.  Fall, 

Pn-lrictca  033.  {•  ilaot.  Co.., 
y'allayflald ,3l30t. •  Lt.  Oo.., 
Poaijpokb  ilact.  Lt.  Co. , 
SiS'tt-}  Pri.n  to  a  Co. . 

^•widoa  ii.-ct,  Lt.  Co. , 
C3ig3i-y  viict,  Lt*.  Co.., 
Viotorii  iUoct.  ■  I i Ijjr.  •  Co. , 

4oo4stobk,  -i.  8.  1,000. 

CtWln.i;,  3.  ??0, 

'n;i"3’>  3.  900. 

C.«L'lotcWtJ;U,  P.  *5.  I.  •  '  7g0. 

ProcL’ictoo,  J.  S.  -  7$' 

.yalluyna-U.c-de.  (Coa  mi^OO. • 
•■PsWOPC’iU,  Oat.  •  723.  : 

.‘iJOUt.’-Jll;  Otit.  .  logo. 

3r:valoii,Maii.  •  log,;., 

llo^m,  12Q0.  • 

7 1 c 1 3 rt i ,  3.0  '  '  1000.' 

V'Aiicj j y,.  f .  3  0.  • 

12  StiUoa*. 




Decatur  Gas  Li„  &  CoKe  Co0 
Edison  Elo  Lt0  CoP,  Anna,  IU0 
Gsnsseo  El0  Lto  &  PD  Co,,  Gousseo,  Ill* 

Jersoyvllle  Elo  Lt0 ,  Gas  &  PD  Ce»  Jeraeyvillo,  Ill0 
Lewiston,  Elo  Lto »  Ho  &  Pa  C«0,  Lewiston,  111=, 

J0  L«  Horton,  Lockport,  Illo 
Manmeutli,  Sl0  Illg0  Co,  ,  Monmouth,  Ill, 

Morristown  El0  Lto  4  P„  Coos  Morristown,  Illo 
Ulnonck  El0  Lto  &  Po  Ce0  „  Hinonk,,  Ill, 

Olney  Elo  Lto  COo,  Olney,  Ill, 

Paris  Gas  Lt0  &  C*ko  Co0,  Paris,  Illo 
Peru  Elo  Lt„  &  Water  So  Co0 ,  Peru,  Illo 
(waukegan)  Ro  Po  Bates,  Waukegan,  Ill, 


.  640 




Aniigo  Ed.  Elu  Lto  Co, ,  Antige,  Wis0 

Bar  abet  Edo  Lto  Co0,  Boraboe,  TTiOo 

Breadhead  El0  Lto  C#0,  Broadhead,  TfiSo 

Burlington  El0  Lto  &  Po  Co0,  Burlington,  WlSo  - 

Hudson  El,  Lto  Ceos>  Hudson,  WlSo 

Ho  Ho  Earles,  K  auk  anna,  TTiSo 

John  Sohmitte,  Manitowoc,  TfisQ 

Seott  Lumber  Co0,  Morrill,  Hiso 

He enah  &  Manaaha  Elo  Lt0  Co„ ,  Hoenah,  WiSo 
Moilsville  Eli  Lto  Ce»,  Neilsville,  Wls, 
Wauwatosa  51»  LtP  Co0 ,  Wauwatosa,  TTiSo 





600  IS 

900  stations 


Town  of  Indianola 

Afion  Elo  Lto  Station,  Afton,  lao  ■ 

Carroll  El0- Lt„  &  P0  Ce0,  Carroll,  Ia» 
Davonport  Gas  Lto  COo,  Davenport,  la. 

United  States  Elo  Lto  &  Po  Co0  0_Dubuqu*r.  la. 
Loan  Elo  Lto  Co0,  Leon,  lao 
.  Town  ol  Newton,  Newton,  I&o 
Oskaloosa  Elo  Lto  Co0,  Oskaloosa,  IA> 

Ottumwa  Elo  Lto  CoP,  Ottumwa,  lao 
City  of  Tipton,  Tipton,  la. 

Mas  on  City  Gas  &  Elec,  COo,  Mason  City,  lao 

.1080  ' 




-moo - n — — 

300  stations 






- —  0510 


AU»ce»  tta  &  p,  co*„  AUsgaa 

itenaalnw  a.  U„  o*f  Heaoaia**.  Hi&V 

X.'  H;  Browa.  fix  Mwwwrt.  iflciiV 

al  Poioefctiy  fa  Pofesiay..  Wijls- 

i'<3-  *■*'-  4  M>  «’  Pontiac  .'Uol\. 

sx  r.suis  a.  u  &4  »..  Ca,.,  si.  tenia '  «ich.. 

.jiui’sis  Caa  &  SI.-  Lt,  Co. ,  8tar>;i«  .«!«}»• 
.'fwttlojr.  Itolley  &  Co,..  Holland  uich' 





1200  a 

000  stations 

- 4740 

Jackson,  Ohio. 

Cirolevills.  Ohio, 

Schuyler  SO,”  Li,.  Co,,  Mao  si  ton.  0, 
Uavyavillo  II,  Co,,,  Uarys  villa.  oa 
Toi?onio  SI,  tt,,4  ”0  Co,,  Toronto  6,, 
l!ooBter=Schuyl,r  SI.,  ht„  Coc  flaoster-  0, 
Xenia  Elo  tt„  Cofl|,  Xenia,  0,’ 

Attica  Slo  Oto,  I!,  &  Pc  Co,,  Attica,  Ind- 
flost  Saden  Springs  Coo,  West  3adsn  ' lnd: 
Jiunico  a,  I, to  &  Pa  Coa,  Uunico,  Ina, 
City  of  Push-villa,  Bushvllie,  Ind, 

Kentucky  Union  Sand  Co„.  Clay  city*  Xy, 
flinch  os  i  or  El„  Lt0  Co=  ,  flinches  tor,  ky„ 

Cascade  Hilling  C&5,  Sioux  Palis v  g*  Dakota, 

De  &>ta  SI,  U-o  Co., ,  Do  Sota  Uo„ 
Independence  SI,  «„  Co,,  Independences  Uo„ 
Rankin  Zl„  It,  Co,.  _.  Tarhio,  Wo, 



300  7 

1200  stations 


— —  5555 


225  4 

025  stations 


-  1050 

750  s 

000  stations 


300  .  S 

■450  stations 


-  1200 

Winona  HU  Lt,  Co,..  Winona  Ulan., 


Jaaeatown  thy  I.t,  Ca,(  Jiawstoan.  .51,  Dakota, 


- —  .  -  600 

57  stations 





Hornollsville,  N.Y. 

Albany  E„D„  Lt.4P.  Co.', Albany,  N.Y. 
Baldy.Ed.Illg.  Co„  Baldvrtnsville, 

Bay  Shore-  Ed,  Lt.  Co.  .Bay  shore, N.Y. 
COOpoi'BtOTfn  Lta  £P.  Co.  ,COOpel'StOWn,K.Yo 
BolgOjBolgevillo,  N.Y. 

Flushing  El.Lt.SP.  Co,  flushing,  N.Y. 
Citizens  El.  Co.  .Fulton,  N.Y.’ 

Lo  F.oy  Bax  Lt.  Co.v  LeP.oy,  N.y. 

Me  K.  Y.Mto  4  Co., Little  Falls.  M0Y. 
Lockport  Gas  Light  Co.  ,Lookport,  N.  Y. 
Kyack  El.  Lt.  4  P.  Co.p  Nyack,  N.Y. 
Oswego  Cas  Lt0  Co.,  Oswego,  N,Y0 
Ed.  il,  4  P,  Co.,  Troy,  N,  Y„ 

Waterloo  El.  Lt.  Co.  .Waterloo,  N„  Y. 

2 !  50 

540  IS 

000  stations 


Phyllon  El.  Lt«  Co. ,  Ashburne,  Pa.  250 

Bangor  El.  Lt,  *P0  Co0 ,  Bangor,  Pa.  300 

Butler  El,  Lt.  ,  H.  &.P,  Co,  0  Butler,  .  Pa.  900 

Cat  ag  aqua  El,  Lt.  4  P.  Co.,  Galas  aqua.  Pa,  1,000  13 

■John  Dubois,  Dubois,  Pa.  450 

Elizabeth  El,  Lt.,  II,  4  P.  Co.,  Elizabeth,  Pa,  540 

Freeport  El.  Co„,  Freeport,  Pa.  270 

Monesualo  El,  Lt,  ,  H.  4  P,  Co0 ,  Honesdale,  Pa.  000  stations 

Ed»  El.  Illg,  Co.,  Lebanon,  Pa.  1,500 

Peoples  El.  Incand.Lt.  Co. Meadville,  Pa,  2,080 

Frankford  El.  Lt.  Co.,  Frankford  (Phila) ,  Pa.  GOO 

Port  Carbon  El.  Lt.  4  P.  Co„,  Port  Carbon,  Pa.  540 

Wayne  El.  Lt.  Co,,  Wayne,  p^,  1,350 

- II,G20 

Delaware  El.  Lt.  4  P.  Co.,  Middletown,  Del. 

Milford  Ed.  El.  Lto  Co.,  Milford,  Delo 
T,  C,  Knauff  Organ  Co.,  Newark.  Dol. 

Li  Islington  City  El,  Co.,  Wilmington,  Del. 

Burlington  El.  Lt.  &  p.  Co. ,  Burlington,  N,  d, 
Dover  El,  Lt.  a  P„  Co„,  Dover,  No  d. 

Froohold  El.  Lt.  Co.,  Froehold,  H.  d„ 

Haksnsaak  El.  Lt.  Co.,  &  P.  Co. .Hakonsack,  N.  d. 
Ut.  Hoily  El.  Lt.  Co. ,  Mt„  Holly,  II.  d. 




0,000  4  siatio 

- - ;  7,920 

450  . 

.  -  805  7 



ElilfiTDL  U«ct0  "Lt0  Co0,  Bristol,  Cono, 
iiicdleiov/n  El,  Li,  Co, ,  Middletown,  Conn, 

Nov  Britain'  Kloctrio  Lt,  Coc ,  New  Britain,  Conn, 
Co ,M"  Electric  Co, T.’aierbury,  Conn, 

400  ' 


1440  4  Stations, 

I 500  :  5140 

3uc):haanan  Else,;  Lt,  Co„,  Buckhannan,  T?,  Va, 
•CiMisburg  El.  Lt,  Ca„t  Clarksbnr6t  W» Va, 
yainaonnt'  El,  Lt,  &  P0  Co, ,  Faimouni,  W.  Va, 
Itotiusburs;  Sd.  EX. ;  Illf,'"  Co.  ,  Martinsburg,  Vi 
;?i5daont,El,  Lt,  &  P.  Co„3  Pisdnont,  Vf,  va, 
ijoatoix  r,l,  ,;Lt,  N„  ,P,  Co,4Ns3tont  Tff0  Va, 



",540,  .  G  Stations, 
Goo  .  ; 

600  . 

36  0  3400. 

Oalrl-r-c1.  Elc  Lt,  Co. Oakland,  lid. 

Young  &  Colburn,  Pocoaiolce  City,  ltd,  ' 

?<i- -  Dnpiait  El„  Lt,  Co.,  Port  Deposit,  ltd., 
'Salisbury  El.  Lt.;:  Co,,  Salisbury,  :.!d,  : 
ar.a'.t  Rill  El,  [,t.  &  P,  Co,,  Snow' Hill,;  Udt 

Bodford  El,  Li.  Co,r  Bedford  City,  Va, 
Charlotiville,  Va, 

Abingdon  Nat or  works,;  Abingdon,  Va.. 

Ro snobs  El,  LI,  Co,,  Roanojis,  Va,  , 

' ifytiMvills,  51,  Lt.  Co.,  YTytiisvills,  Va, 

:■  5  St  at  i  otic  o 



Oi.Baratngton  Elc,  Lt.Co,, 
Ludlov;  Ufg„  Co.  . 

Mar  lbo vouch  Elo. Co. 
Somersville  Elc.Lt.Co, 
Woburn  Elc.Lt.Co, 

Fall  fountain  Paper.  Co. 

:  Rutland  Mountain  Paper  C 
Rutland  Elc.  Lt„  Co, 

Gt.  Barrington,  Masi 
Ludlow  Maas'., • 

Marlborough.  Mass,. 
Somerville;  Mass,, 

Woburn,''  Maua.  ,  : 

r>  stations, ' 

•  Bellows  Falls,  Vt,. 

,  Rutland,  vt.  ' 

2  stationa. 

.  Con.  Elc.Lt.Co.  {Munic) 
Fai’mington  Elo.Lt.06. 
Presque'  Isle  Elc.  l.t.Co. 
Wo  itbrool:  Elo.Lt.  Co. 
Sanford  Lt.  2:  W.  Co,  .■ 
Skowhegan  Elo.  Lt.Co,  ■  . 

;  Claresiont  Elo.Lt. Co. 
.  haopnia  Elo.Lt.  Oo. 

Peoplss  Ed.  Illg.  &  P,  Co, 

Portland  Met 
Farmington,  -Me, 
Presque  Isle,,.  Me.  . 
Westbrook  .  Mo. 
Sanford  .Me, 

;  Skowhegan-  tie.: 

.  6  stations , 

■  2  stations, 
Warwick ,  R.I. 

I  station, 
IG  Stations. 



Bsaaoti  31ao.t. ;  Lt.:  &  a. '  Co;.,  Bans  OU,  Cala, ;  : 

■  ■  1  Station.- 


)  il 



Pacific  XI a .  Storage  Co,,  Grand  Pass,  Oro, 
Albina  Lt.  &  W.  Co, ,  Albina,  Oro, 

Ashland  El.  Lt.  &  P,  Co. ,  Ashland,  prs. 

I. a  Ora  id e  Ed.  El,  CO.  ,La  Crando,  Ore, 

Oregon  City  Electric  Light  Co. ,  Pendleton  Ore, 
Pacific  El.  S.  Co, ,  Grants  Pass,  Ore. 

Pondloton  Sloctrio  Lt.  Co. ,  Pendleton,  Ore, 
Goinos ,  Scio,  Oro0 

The  Dalles  £  J.  Lt.  Co.,  The  Dalles.  Oro, 
t/nion  El.  Lt.  Co.  ,&  P,  Co. ,  Union,  Oro., 

C,  Weston  &  Co.,Palouoo  City,  Wash. 

Colfax  El.  Lt.  Co.,  Colfax,  Wash, 

Dayton  El.  Lt.  &  P.  Co. .Dayton,  Wash, 

Ellensburg  21.  Lt.  &  P.  Co. ,  Ellensburg,  Wash. 
Fair  Haven  El.  Lt.  &  1C,  Co. ,  Fairhaven,  Wash. 
Fort  Toms  end  Si.  Lt.  Co. ,  Townsend,  Wash. 
Seattle  El.  Lt.  Co. ,  Seattle,  Wash. 

Union  El.  Lt.  &  p.  Co. ,  Uniol,  Wash, 

Snohoiiiah  El.  Lt.  &  P.- Co.",  -  Snohoiaiah,  Wash. 
Tacoma  21.  Lt.  &  pa  Co.  ,  Tacoma,  Wash. 

City  of  Vancouver,  Vancouver,  Wash. 

Walla  Walla  Gas  a  E.  L.  Co. ,  Walla  Walla.  Wash. 
Puyallup,  Lt.  Ht.  HP .  Co. ,  Puyallup,  Wash.  : 
Rani  or,  Power  &  r.y.  Co.  ,  Seattle,  Wash, 

Capital  21  jc trie  Li.  Co.,  Joist 
Capital  -Electric  Lt.  Co.  .  Boise  City,  Idaho, 
Idaho  Elec.  Supply  Co.  Bailey  ’ 

Pocatollo  El.  Lt.  Co. ;  Pocatollo,  Idaho. 
Tndependonce  W.  &  S.  1,.  Cr,,  Independence,  Ore. 







Tfaltai'  3,  yon  Rinhthofor,  Uontclair,  ’  Colon  540 

.Taroas  3,  Frank,  Almona,  Colo,,  jj/jq 

Denver  Conn.  El*  Co,,  (Hunioj  Denver,  Colo,  2000 

Golden  I llg.  Co,,  Golden,  Colo,  000 

Idaho  Springs  EL.  Lt.  Co, ,  "d  ho  Springs.  Colo.  -450 

Lead  ,. Us  II,  Lt,  4  P,  Co,, .  Leadville.  Colo.  .  1000 

Monto  Vista 'Sit  Gas  Lt.  Co.  4  Honts  Vista,  Colo.,  4S0 

C.  IT  Corbin,  Rico,  Colo.  30o 

Salida  Id.  El..  Lt.  Co„,  Salida  Colo.  750 

Silvarion  El,  Li.  «  P„  Co. ,  Silvarton,  CoJ.o.  540 

Tsllurido  El.;  Lt,  &  P.  Co. ,  TelluridoV .  Colo.  ^  450 

TJalsenburg  Zl.  Lt,  Co,.,  Walssnburg,  Colo,  450 

Part  01 -.7  21,  Lt,.  ,  H  &  P,  Co, .  Parle  City.  Utah.  750 

Svruiuton  El..  Lt,  03,  _  Evanston.,  '.Yyo„  755 

'  ■  'all'  El  Lt.  C". „  Gre..t  Falls,  Jloat.  .  .-  ’  720 

Ed.  H  Co  of  Albuquerque.  Albuqu-rquov  New  Hex,  720 

Raton  21,  Ltg.  Co„,  Raton.  N.  U  300 

17  stations ,  13250 



't„  ,Co„5  Coryus  Christ!.  Tex,  '  '  .720 

Corpus  Chris  ti  El» 

Corsicana  El»  14, 

.  DalXiw  Si,  u;  &.P.  Co, /Dallas,*' 
Citjr  of  .Tort,  irorthyfHunjo')  'f.-r.taa 
Laredo  El.  it,.  Co.  •  Laredo,  .Tor., 
Edison.  Si,  .it. -Co, ;  Palestine,.  To 
Victoria  El„  Lt.  ,1  Ice  Co.,.  Viet 
Y/cathorford  Mater, Lt,  a.ldi  Co., 

Asheville  it.  If,  Co„ ,  Ashvills ,,  11,  C 
•Concord  El,  it.  Co. .  Concord,.  II,  C. 
Winton  ill,  it,  4  l5otos-  P,  Co.  , /-Wilton,:. 



;  iMiison  El.  Lt.  &P,  Co. ,  Little  Rool:,'  Ark, 

Cordele,  Ga„  '  ; 

Albany  21,  Illg,  Co, Albany,  Ga>v  ■ 

Ulount  «, Dickinson,  3ainbridgs,Ga 
Via- Orange  Mills,  La  Orange,  Oaf  ’ 
;0.  F,  Ouac.’tenbush,  Tallapoosa,  Ga, 

D„  ,?„  Vest, Montgomery,  Ala. 

Piedmont  -  Land  &  Improvement  Co.  t  Piedmont.:  A 


Greenville  El,  Lt„  a  P„  Co. ,  Greenville,  Miss. 
CO  stations., 



Koc'J:y  Kountain  District, 
Pacsifi.y  Northwest  District; 
Pacific  Coact  District 
Canadian  District;  . 

17  Stations 
27  Stations, 

I  Station; 

12  Stations; 
224  Stations, 

13..  I  OS  Ivin 

17,225  lac-in, 
13,250  lamps, 
20,071  lamps. 

180  lamps, 
12,880  lamps  c' 
184,758  lamps, : 

Pacific  Northwest  District,  I  Station, 

20  arc  lamps. 


Sms*  A 

December  15th, luPO. 

A . O.Tate ,Ssq . ,  Private  Secretary, 

Kdison's  .laboratory,  flranpju  ,  K.  ,7 . 

Hoar  Sir:- 

T  have  yo.irs  of  the  lfefe enclosing  latter  addressed  >o 
Vr.Kdison  by  Professor  Faria, which  T  return  yo^  herewith, 

T  atri  very /sorry  irid'ood  that  you  should  have  written  stat- 

inp  tha*  T  air  in  favor  of,payinr:  Prof.  Farls.  In  irakinfj  that 


siauameru.  to  Vr .Edison,/  simpj.y  expressed  my  personal  opinion, 
fr.'nilard  has  always/been  opposed  to  makirp  such  a  payrmnt  ,so  I 
hava  under/tood ,and'  T  do  not  want  to  be  put  in  the  position  of 
disaproe  yrr  with  ./the  views  of  my  superior  officer. 


;  truly 

Second  vie  a  -President 

Office  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Edison  Building,  42  Broad  Street, 

New  York,  December  17,  1890. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  the  following  Notices  of  the  Regular  Annual  Meeting,  and  of 
a  Special  Meeting,  of  the  Stockholders  of  this  Company,  to  be  held  respectively 
at  noon  and  at  2  P.  M.,  on  the  19th  day  of  January,  1891,  if  you  are  unable 
to  attend  in  person,  will  you  please  sign  and  return  to  me  in  the  enclosed 
envelope,  the  two  Proxies  sent  herewith,  as  a  full  vote  is  required. 

By  order  of  the  Board  of  Trustees, 



Office  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Edison  Building,  42  Broad  Street, 

New  York,  December  17th,  1890. 

Notice  is  hereby  given  that  pursuant  to  the  By-Laws  of  the  Company,  the  Annual  Meeting  of 
the  stockholders  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company  will  be  held  at  the  office  of  the  Company, 
Edison  Building,  42  Broad  Street,  New  York,  at  noon  on  Monday,  January  19th,  1891,  for  the  purpose 
of  electing  Trustees  for  the  ensuing  year,  and  for  the  transaction  of  such  other  business  as  may  come 
before  the  meeting,  including  the  question  of  ratifying  the  action  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  in  declaring 
a  dividend  on  the  stock  held  in  trust  by  The  Farmers  Loan  and  Trust  Company,  and  dissolving 
said  trust. 

The  transfer  books  will  be  closed  at  3  P.  M.  on  December  29th,  1890,  and  reopened  on 
February  3d,  1891. 

By  order  of  the  Board  of  Trustees, 

A.  MARCUS,  Secretary. 

Office  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Edison  Building,  42  Broad  Street, 

New  York,  December  17th,  1890. 

A  special  meeting  of  the  stockholders  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company  will  be  held  on 
the  19th  day  of  January,  1891,  at  2  o’clock  in  the  afternoon,  at  the  office  of  the  Company, 
Edison  Building,  42  Broad  Street,  New  York,  for  the  purpose  of  voting  upon  a  proposition  to  increase 
its  capital  stock  from  twelve  million  dollars,  consisting  of  one  hundred  and  twenty  thousand  shares 
of  the  par  value  of  one  hundred  dollars  each,  to  fifteen  million  dollars,  to  consist  of  one  hundred  and 
fifty  thousand  shares  of  the  par  value  of  one  hundred  dollars  each. 




A  majority  of  the  Board  of  Trustees. 


Y/SC  ■ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


. Nev/  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:-  .. 

I  find  that  the  Thomson-Houston  people  are  of- 
.  ferine  to  sell  an  entirely  new  equipment  for  next  season’s  delivery. 
They  are  putting  out  a  motor  of  much  lower  speed  dispensing  'with 
the  intermediate  gear,  and  I  believe  that  it  is  a  very  much  larger 
motor  than  heretofore  sold, and  consequently. they  are  able  to  dis¬ 
pense  with  the  second  motor  and  only  use  one  motor  on  a  car*  They 
have  taken  quite  a  large  number  of  contracts  for  next  season,  and 
if  we  were  in  a  position  to  offer  your  new  motor  for  next  seasoffs 
delivery  ,  I  am  sure  that  we  could  head  than  off  on  a  good  many 
.of  the  contracts  they  are  now  endeavoring  to  obtain,  and- which  it 
is  hopeless  for  us  to  expect  to  get  Yfith  our  present  apparatus.  The 
changes  made  after  Mr.  Kruesi  and  Mr.  Henderson  talking  with  you, 
have  resulted  in  our  receiving  fewer  complaints  from  our  customers; 
but  still  the  reputation  v/hich  the  Sprague  apparatus  received  last 
season  sticks  to  it,  and  it  is  important  as  a  matter  of  business  ' 
thatY/o  should  be  able  to  offer  something  new  for  next  seasoift 
^.delivery.  I  would  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  ut  y air  early  convenienoi 

Decerrber  22nd,  1890. 

as-fc  how  soon  you  will  be  able  to  turn  over  to  us  a  complote  motor 
and  truck • 

Second  Vice  President. 

P.  s. 

Kermelly  told  me  at  tho  Laboratory  yesterday  that  as  scon 
as  the  truck  was  ready  at  Schenectady  you  would  go  there  agair^and 
proceed  with  van-  experiments- upon,  the  combination  motor  and  truck, 
and  1  have  written  to  Mr.  Kruesi  to  this  effect  today,  and  have 
urged  him  to  hurry  as  much  as  possible  the  constmction  of  the 


Enclosing  Circular.  Letter. to 

District  Managers, No .41, 

jCOt/L ' 


December  .31,  1890.:- 

Mr.- Thomas  A. -Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J.- 
Dear  Sir.,-' 

We  send  herewith,  for  your  information,  a.  copy  of  our  Ciroular 
Letter  to  Dostriot  Managers,  No. v41,  I.- Dl;  on  the  subject  of  the  distribution 
of  Inoandesoend  Lighting  Plants  in  the  United  States  and  Canada  on  .Deoember  l,.'9i 
lfou£s  truly., 

neral  Manager., 
Intelligence  Department, 

1:  L 

Dictated  by 
H  Enclosures.- 



•  CIRCULAR •  LSTT4R'  TO  DISTRICT  MANAGES,  No.  *i,  I.  [j. 

December  89, V 1890: ■ 

.  Diir  Sir,-- 

We  transmit,  herewith  statement  of  the  distribution  by  Districts 
of  Incandescent  Lighting  Plants  [both  in  use  and  under  contract]  in  the  United 
States  and  Canada,  upon  December  Is t,:  1C10.  Kindly  ac.  otvledge  rebelptf'.  k;^;' 
fours  truly, 

^4fUHlA^^vcat  General  Manager., 

:.elli'genoe  Department,. 

Dictated  by 

Intelligence  Dept. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  - 
Lamp  Works  (D-90-34) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Lamp  Works  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.,  formerly  the 
Edison  Lamp  Co.  Some  of  the  letters  are  by  Francis  R.  Upton,  general 
manager.  Included  are  documents  pertaining  to  royalty  disputes  over  lamp 
sales  and  to  alternating  current  lamps  installed  by  competitors. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  business 
correspondence  relating  to  payroll  and  shipping  records;  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  other  routine  correspondence. 

Related  materials  can  be  found  in  D-90-35  (Electric  Light  -  Edison  Lamp 


E  D I  SOft 


HARRISON,  N.  J„. . Aug......2nd., _ i890 


A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 
Edison  Lai) orate 
Orange,  N.  ,T, 
Dear  Sir :  - 


Your  favor  of  the  31st  ult.,  in  regard  to  the  detailed 
statement  of  the  transaction  between  ourselves  and  the  Edison 
Electric  Light  Go.  of  Europe,  Limited,  is  duly  received. 

In  reply  we  beg  to  state  that,  the  balance  arose  in  thjis 

We  had  contracted,  to  pay  certain  royalties  on  lamps 
sold  in  France,  Italy,  Belgium,  Russia,  Austria,  Hungary  and  Den¬ 
mark  to  the  above  nam  -d  Company.  As  they  wore  shoit  of  money, 
they  requested  us  to  advance  then  a  certain  amount.  We  gave 
them  our  note  for  $5,000  in  tfcie  first  place,  and  as  the  royalties 
became  duo  v/e  took  up  the  old  note  and  gave  them  a  new  note  for 
a  lesser  amount.  Thus,  you  will  see  th  t  it  was  really  money 
advanced  to  the  Company.  When  the  business  was  takai  over  by 
Mr.  Dyer,  who  is  to  pay  the  royalty  direct,  there  was  a  balance 
of  $285:;05  due  to  us.  This  is  the  amount  of  tin  statanent,  and 
we  enclose  herewith  a  memorandum  showing  the  sane. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  #2. 

V/e  should  he  much  obliged  ifvycu  would  kindly  send  us 
a  check  in  settlement  as  soon  as  you  can,  as  we  desire  to  close 
this  long  pending  matter. 

Your  favor  of  the  31st  ult.,  stated  that  you  enclosed 
a  check  for  $9.00  in  payment  of  coupons  numbers  135  and  130.  Th 
was  no  check  enclosed.  Should  it  not  have  been  $9.50? 

Yours  truly, 






./Zu.e7 . 

/  ' 

cm  /rfAs 

d&feU  Q^uy,  £ 

{  // 


,  .  „  Crv L,  J^CcL  -L-tlv 

/  </  f  / 

V'SKC^-^,  Slfe/  '  ^fx^wk-ii  / 

^  ud>a«~~~iA 

sOjUt.  /-ItiY 

■  (fc  ^ _ _ _ 


yWu  t~rii<j 

d/H.  •* 



■'^f-y.  < 

Harrison,  N,  J„... . Aug, . I9~th-f . 1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Enclosed  please  find  copy  of  a  letter  received  from 
Mr.  Dyer  as  to  some  Berlin  lamps  he  purchased  :for^  us.  We  have 
sent  these  lamps  to  the  Laboratory,  directed  to  Mr.  Deshler. 

We  have  requested  Mr.  Deshler  to  preserve  these  until  you  arepres- 
ent,  and  not  to  open  the  barrel  and  case  until  you  are  there  to 
see  the  same  done  and  see  the  lamps  as  they  come  out  of  the  bbl. 




Aug.  5th,  1890 

Edison  Laiip  Co., 

Harrison',  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

I  shipped  you  on  Saturday  last  by  S.  S.  "Rhynland", 
through  Messrs.  Perry  &  Ryer  1  bbl.  and  2  cases  contents  as  follows 
Bbl.  #  7215  -  50  -  16  C.P.  110  volt  Berlin  lamps. 

Case  #67  25  -  16  C.P.  100  volt  Swedish  lamps. 

Case  #  68  25  -  16  C.P.  105  volt  prush  lamps. 

Wishing  you  a  safe  reoeipt  ,  I  am  Dear  Sirs, 

Yours  very  truly, 

P.  S.  Dyer,  Agent. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Lamp  Company  (D-90-35) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Lamp  Co.  through  July  1890,  when  it  became  a 
department  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Included  are  letters  pertaining 
to  the  introduction  of  20-candlepower  lamps,  the  problems  of  defective  lamps, 
and  other  technical  matters.  There  are  also  cost  sheets  and  production  and 
payroll  statistics.  Most  of  the  correspondence  is  by  Francis  R.  Upton,  general 
manager  and  treasurer,  and  by  William  H.  Meadowcroft,  secretary  to  Mr. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  business 
correspondence  relating  to  advertising,  financial,  and  shipping  matters;  letters 
of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement;  meeting  announcements. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-34  (Edison  General  Electric 
Company  -  Lamp  Works). 


•yl£w l/c-r/yl&n.  2lst. 1890 

Edison  Electric  Lamp  Company, 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. , Secretary, 
Dear  Sir:- 

Ro plying  to  your  inquiry  of  yesterday, I  beg  to  say 
that  the  Annual  Meeting  of  stockholders  should  be  held  just  the 
same  as  ever.  There  has  been  no  consolida'tion.  All  that  has 
happened  is  that  shares  of  stock  have  changSd’-hafids ••  In  the  eye 
of  the  law, the  Company  exists  just  the  same  as  ever, and  the  Annual 
Meeting  should  bo  held  accordingly.  In  your  official  capacity, 

you  know  nothing  of  any  deal  with  the  General  Company. 

Hoping  the  above  answers:  your  question,  I  remain. 

,  ,  ,,  ,  ^  <Tl  JUsf  ^'7  FRANCIS  R.  UPTON,  GmX  MW.  ...  T..M, 

^■yyy  * '  ^|(.  « y //(r ? .? 


HARRISON,  N.  J . Jajuary...52nd.r..1880 

(7  .  A 

^  aM>' 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Secretary, 

Edison  Lamp  Do., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  we  beg  to  hand  you  anv!'ls’ignment  of  an  appli- 


cation  for  patent  on  improvement  in  lamp  sockets  from  the  Lanp  Co. 
to  Bergmann  &  Co.  This  invention  is  simply  making  a  saw  cut  in 
the  inner  shell  of  the  socket  so  as  to  keep  the  lamp  from  dropping 
out  by  reason  of  vibKation.  The  General  Co.  thought  that  this 
should  be  owned  by  Bergmann  &  Co.,  and  they  have  instructed  us 

therefore,  to  make  an  assignment  of  the  application  accordingly. 

Will  you  kindly  have  Mr.  Edison  sign  the  document  as 
President  and  return  the  same  to  us  after  you  have  signed  as 

Yours  truly, 



ft  (A. 

General  Manager. 


Harrison,  N,  J„... Ja.HHa-ry-.S4th-, . ■1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Laboratory,  Orange,  N..T. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  William  J.  Hammer,  refuses  to  allow  his  collection 
of  lamps  to  be  used  for  the  best  interest  of  the  Edison  Company. 

We  therefore  desiire  that  in  future  you  will  not  allow  him  to  have 
any  lamps  of  any  kind  ttmrt  his  collection,  as  by  giving  them  to 
him  you  place  them  out  of  our  reach. 

Yours  truly. 

General  Manager. 


HARRISON,  N.  J. Ja-Htt-ffiPy- -SSth-j . "1930 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Seoretaiy,. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  27th  inst.  enclosing" assignment  of 
application  for  patent  of  James  J.  Bradley  from  the  Edison  Lamp 
Co.  to  Bergmann  &  Co.,  executed  by  Mr.  Edison  as  President,  and 
yourself  as  Secretary,  has  been  duly  received,  and  we  beg' to 
thank  you  therefor. 

Yours  truly, 



General  Manager 
and  Treasurer. 


Harrison,  N.  j . Janu-ai>y~-S8irh-,- . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/e  have  a  letter  from  Mr.  Wilson  S.  Howell?  who  has  been 
making  an  examination  of  the  Denver  Consolidated  Co's  plant.  It 
may  be  interesting  to  you  to  read  the  following  extract  from  Mr. 
Howell's  letter 

"Mr.  Sterling  (Electrician)  reports  that  the  cut  out 
in  the  lamp  has  never  failed  to  work,  and  that  they  have 
“never'  had  an  open  circuit  from  failure  of  cut  outs." 

/f  \KJ 

v!  / 

’  Yours  truly, 



Harrison,  N.  J,,  February  1,  1890. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N,  J. 

Dear  Sir:-  . 

I  beg  to  advise  you  that  'at  a  meeting  of  the  stock¬ 
holders  of  this  Company,  held  at  the  Laboratory  of  Mr.  Thomas  A. 
Edison,  on  Tuesday  28fch  day  of  January,  1890,  you  were  duly 
elected  a  Director  to  serve  for  the  ensuirg  year.  PLease  signify 
your  willingness  to  serve  as  indicated  above. 

Edison  Lamp  Company. 

Harrison,  N.  J., 

l JrO.JaXL,  Sf,  de-c^JeJI/  ■ 

O-^XlM^ctuo  cm*  , 

0><Ua.£X  ,  H  .  ^  > 

JiiAsjdLj  &oK  7hnr.  ^a-xJCc  <m_/  'tf-Coo-Ss 

QAJUtskj  ‘TT'-Ct-A/UcLX  Bt-u^dj  ~AjjL/kJ  CLO  ~Kl,  KAA.d-J 

fyxoJ Ou  -IK trrtt-iA-/j'^-’  faeUA-t^t^cohlirn  Q/ocAsdtudi. 

TX-OXAS-  W\.  -dA-A-AJ 



I  €  O/V'I'MV  ^  <S-U-r~  CLc-^AO-'-^-^yK . 

Cbcooo-  hu£j, 


HARRISON,  N.  J.,...Eehiuia.iy.....21s.t,..-l890 

Thomas  A  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  are  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  ;L Wilson  S.  Have lT* 
who  has  recently  visited  the  plant  at  Rochester,  N.Y  .  He  re¬ 
ports  that  the  life  of  the  Municipal  laijips  in  that  plant  has 
averaged  over  1800  hours  for  12  months  past.  We  think  you  will 
be  interested  in  learning  of  this  fact. 

Yours  truly, 



General  Manager. 


HARRISON.  N.  J.-’/Bi'ci.lUh, . ifflO 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 
Laboratory  of  T. A. Edison,  Esq., 
Oran.-e,  M.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  regard  to  the  transfer  of  one  share  of  stock  to  the 
name  of  J.P.Ord  in  order  to  qualify  him  as  director  of  the  Lamp  Co 
I  beg  to  state  that  I  have  signed  this  certificate  as  Treasurer. 

The  .Stock  Book  is  at  the  office  of  Mr.  Edes  6th  floor  of  the. Mills 
Building  in  New  York.  The  Certificate  of  stock  above  referred  to 
should  be  signed  by  Mr.  Edison  as  President  aid  you  should  arrangi 
with  Mr.  Edes  either  to  have  the  book  sent  out  to  Orange  or  that 
Mr.  Edison  should  call  in  at  the  above  office  when  he  is  next  in 
New  Yoi’k. 

This  certificate  will  also  require  the  seal  of  the  Co. 
which  should  be  affixed  by  you  as  Secretary. 




HARRISON,  N.  J.,, _ 18890 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Laboratory  of  T.  A.  Ediscn, 

Orarge,  MN.J. 

Dear  Sir:-  y?* 

Replying  to  your  t&vopstft  the  18th  inst.,  we  hope  to 
be  able  to  send  you  shipment  from  China  in  about  ten  days. 

Yours  truly, 



HARRISON,  N.  J.,.f/, . 1800 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary,  ^ 

Laboratory  of  T. A. Edison,  # 

Orarge,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/e  have  received  from  you  two  bills  against  us  for 
lamp  experiments  and  carbon  filament  experiments  for  the  month 
of  January  1890,  amounting  to  $1,630.28. 

The  largest  items  in  these  bills  are  for  Pay  Roll,  and 
we  would^that  you  will  kindly  give  us  a  more  detailed  statement 
in  regard  to  those  items,  so  that  we  may  see  what  division  should 
be  made,  in  our  accounts. 

Yours  truly, 



. V/  HARRISON.  N.  J.,.MaE.e]l,„31sfc, . ig90 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Laboratory,  Orange,  N..T. 

Dear  Rir:- 

In  regard  to  the  combination  lamp  plug  which  will 
enable  us  to  fit  the  sockets  of  other  m deers,  I  have  asked  the 
opinion  of  Dyer  &  Seeley  as  to  whether  it  is  patentable.  They 
report  that  they  think  a  valid  claim  could  be  obtained  for  the  sane 
If  y/ewcan  get  a  patent  on  this,  we  can  probably  have 
a  clause  inserted  into  the  government  specifications  that  all 
incandescent  lamps  supplied  to  the  government  shall  have  combina¬ 
tion  plugs.  This  would  give  us  a  tremendous  advantage,  and  you 
will  perhaps  agree  with  me  that  it  would  be  a  good  thing  to  take 
out  a  patent  upon  the  combination  base. 

If  you  are  of  the  same  opinion  will  you  please  have 
instructions  given  for  patent  to  be  taken  out  in  your  name. 

Yours  truly, 

■**■■*!>  • 

1  i,‘  '  <P  '  V 
^  t  >  ,rr  v  ^ 

General  Manager 



A.  0.  Tats,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 

Laboratory  of  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  2nd  inst.  in  regard  to  the  pumps  for 
the  Duke  of  Marlborough  is  duly  received.  I  remanber  seme  talk 
on  this  subject  over  the  telephone  a  year  ago  last  ..February,  and 
not  last  February  as  stated  in  your  letter.  Sb'far  as  I  recall 
there  was  nothing  very  definite  about  our  telephone  conversation 
at  that  time. 

We  will  have  the  six  mercury  pumps  packed  at  once  and 
as  soon  as  they  are  ready  will  arrange  to  send  them  on  the  steam¬ 
er,  and  will  let  you  know  ^T~soqrf  as  we  can  do  so. 



HARRISON,  N.  . 1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Laboratory,  Orange,  M.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  4th  inst. ,  in 
regard  to  the  patenting  of  the  Combination  Lamp  Plug,  and  we  note 
that  you  have  instructed  Dyer  k  Seely  to  obtain  a  patent  if  pos¬ 
sible  on  this  device. 

It  seems  to  me  that  it  would  be  desirable  to  obtain 
this  combination  base  also  in  England,  Germany  and  France,  as  I 
think  it  would  be  a  good  thing  to  hold  the  patents  for  these  bases 
in  those  countries. 

\  Yours  truly, 
q.?\  EDI  SOB  LAMP  CO. 

(  f  Jp*  |  By  c 

^  l  Gene  ra  1  Manage  r. 


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/"?  ;  HARRISON,  N,  . -1890 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. ,  Private  Recretaiy, 

Laboratory  of  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orangey  N..T. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  beg  to  inform  you  that  a  case  containing  Six  (6) 
Mercury  Pumps  has  been  shipped  to  the  Duke  of  Marlborough,  London 
and  will  bo  forwarded  to  him  by  the  steamer  “Brittanic"  which 
sails  on  Wednesday  of  this  week,  all  charges  being  paid  through. 

This  notification  is  sent  you  accordirg  to  your  request. 
Yours  truly, 



HARRISON,  N.  J„^...l8S.Ql88 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  9th  inst.  is  received  to  day,  and  we 
beg  to  state  in  regard  to  the  bill  which  was  entered  for  the  six 
mercury  pumps  shipped  to  the  Duke  of  Marlborough  that  we  have 
withdrawn  the  same  in  accordance  with  your  request. 

Yours  truly, 


PHOWJQ&APR  dictation.  JMUu.  , 


HARRISON,  N.  J., — lIay...R£l.tIi1 

A.  0,  Tate,  Esq.,  Secretary, 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange, II. J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Vfil  1  you  kindly  give  us  the  following  information, 
namely,  the  date  of  the  Certificate  of  the  Incorporation  of  the 
Edison  Lamp  Co.  Wo  also  desire  to  know  about  the  date  when 
business  was  actually  commenced  by  them. 

Will  you  please  let  us  have  this  information  by 
return  mail  and  oblige. 


Yours  truly, 



LAMP  CO.,  ^  ^ 

HARRISON,  N.  J.,...May....2<,.. 

C  ^  \  -A  - 1  ^ 

Thomas  A.  Edison.  Esq.,  •"'> 

<  4  ^  vv  '  n-L 

Orange,  N.  J.  »  v  -Xr,  €  , 

Dear  Sir:-  *'>'>'•  ,*>•  ■7j-,\ 

In  view  of  our  roooht  conversation  in  regard  to  20  O.P, 
lamps,  the  quotation  below  from  a  letter  of  Mr.  E.  S.  Gorton  of 
the  Chicago  Co.  may  be  of  interest  to  you.  You  will  see  that 
some  of  the  stations  want  oven  lower  than  16  O.P.  lamps.  Mr. 
Gorton  lias  been  especially  pressing  for  10  C.P.  lamps  for  over 
a  'rear. 

“Now  about  the  matter  of  10  C.P.  lamps .  We  are  ready  to 
"take  on  one  customer  with  1000  lamps  as  soonsas  we  can 
"get  them.  In  the  meantime,  we  are  only  getting  5/8  of 
"a  cent  from  the  Western  Union,  because  we  contracted  to 
"light  them  for  10  C.P.  lamps,  and  they  vail  only  pay  for 
"10  C.  P." 


Yours  truly, 

General  Manager, 




HARRISON,  n.  J.,, . is 90 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq  ,, 

Orange ,N.  J. 

Dear  S ir :  - 

We  beg  i,o  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  2nd 
inst.,  enclosing  your  orriginal  copy  of  the  agreement  between  you, 
Edison  Lamp  Co. ,  and  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.,  dated  November 
25th  1887,  for  which  please  accept  our  thanks.  We  have  had  a 
copy  of  the  same  made  for  our  files  and  beg  to  return  the  orfiginal 
herewith  to  you. 

Yours  truly, 


'Mice . 

PHONOGRAPH  dictation. 


HARRISON.  N.  J... . .Iims  Sih, _ 1800 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq,, 

Laboratory  of  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N,  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

This  will  introduce  to  you  Mr.  H.  Rosenthal  who  has 
charge  of  our  department  of  statistics.  He  desires  to  examine 
your  files  of  older  Electrical  ^Journals  for  the  purpose  of  vary- 
fying  such  facts  as  we  have  already  collected,  with  %  special 
reference  to  the  time  of  installation  of  some  of  the  plants  of 
opposition  companies. 

We  beg  to  ask  that  you  will  afford  him  facilities  for  so 
doing  in  Mr.  Edison's  Laboratory , and  oblige. 

|  /  Yours  very  truly, 

\  /  EDISON  LAMP  CO. 




HARRISON,  N.  j„ . JunaJLlih, . -1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Oran-Q,  N.  J. 

Dsar  Sir:- 

Ref erring  to  your  letter  to  mo  as  to  using  20  O.P.  as 
the  unit  in  place  of  16,  I  bog  to  state  that  I  submitted  question 
to  Mr.  Marks  and  Mr.  Edgar.  Enclosed  you  v/ill  find  copy  of 
letter  I  have  received  from  Mr.  Marks  on  the  subject. 


Yours  truly, 

General  Manager. 



Philadelphia,  Pa.  June  10th,  1890. 

My  dear  Sir:- 

As  you  perhaps  have  noticed  from  my  order  of  May  21st,, 
for  20  candle  power  lamps,-  I  had  already  for  other  reasons  de¬ 
cided  to  use  20  candle  power  in  place  of  16  candle  power  lamps. 

The  Pennsylvania  Railroad  of  its  own  motion  has  dediddd  to 
use  32  candle  power  where  it  hitherto  has  used  16  candle  power 
lamps . 

I  note  that  our  good  customers  demand  brilliant  illumination, 
never  less  than  16,  and  by  using  20  candle  power  lamps  we  can 
drop  3  or  4  volts  where  wiring  in  building  is  too  light,  (  as  is 
too  frequently  the  case),  and  still  give  perfect  satisfaction. 

To  lengthen  fibre  so  as  to  convert  16  candle  power  lamps 
into  20  candle  power,  would  require  that  the  volts  atvlamps  be 
137^ volts.  Our  dynamos  at  410  revolutions  give  120  volts,  am  I 
have  no  doubt  that  at  500  revolutions  we  could  get  X50  volts  or 
more,  and  I  would  not  hesitate  to  stick  our  engines  up  to  250 
revolutions  which  is  all  that  is  needed  to  get  500  revolutions  at 

1  would  like  to  make  the  change,  but  how  to  domit  without 
losing  largely  on  the  38000  lamps  now  in  sockets  is  a  matter  that 
as  a  stock-holder  makes  dividend  paying  a  controlling  consideration 


You  see  the  gap  between  1X2  volts  art  137^ volts  is  a  long 
one.  Y/e  might  get  there  by  a  series  of  hitches  covering  say  12 

I  do  not  think  our  customers  would  reduce  the  number  of 
their  sockets,  but  we  could  with  the  same  machinery  sell  25* 
more  light  and  also  more  power, 

I  am  delighted  at  the  way  in  ahich  we  have  made  friends 
of  our  consumers  in  this  staid  old  City,  and  X  would  believe  myself 
able  to  run  gas  out  altogether  had  I  another  million  dollars, 
and  make  money  while  so  doing.  Rut  this  is  foreign  to  your  in¬ 

I  return  herewith  Mr.  Edison's  letter  feeling  that  in  some 
instructive  way  he  is  as  usual  ahead,  and  shall  be  only  too  glad 
to  follow  as  rapidly  as  controlling  financial  limitations  will 

I  am, 

Most  truly  yours, 

William  D.  Marks. 

To  Mr.  F.  R.  Upton. 


HARRISON,  N.  J . -Jun& -14th-, - 1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  again  to  the  matter  of  using  20  C.P.  as  the 
unit  in  place  of  16,  I  beg  to  enclose  you  here wit  copy  of  a 
letter  received  from  Mr.  Edgar  on  the  subjedt. 

Yours  truly. 

General  Manager. 



Boston,  June  12th,  1890 

My  dear  Mr.  Upton, 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  enclosing  copy  of  one 
from  Mr.  Edison. 

i  can-net  say  that  I  agree  with  him  as  to  making  ti  e  20 
G.P.  oamp  the  standard.  There  are  a  great  numberof  places  where 
even  yet  a  10  G.P.  lamp  is  all  the  ligit  required,  and  if  it  is 
being  sold  by  meter  it  is  hard  to  persuade  people  to  put  in  16s 
when  they  need  only  the  light  from  10’s.  If  the  20  C.P.  lamp  was 
the  standard  this  would  bo  still  more  noticeable. 

As  to  the  question  of  increasing  the  voltage  to  130,  I 
think  that  unless  there  were  to  be  very  great  advantages  derived 
from  this  that  it  would  not  be  advisable  to  irake  this  change. 

In  all  existing  plants  dynamos  are  made  either  for  only 
125  or  140  voltw;  all  the  different  manufactures  of  motors  in  the 
United  States  are  ma  e  on  the  basis  of  110  or  220  volts.  A  change 
to  130  would  make  a  very  great  deal  of  difference  to  these  compa¬ 
nies  which  would  not  be  balanced  by  the  benefits  to  be  derived. 

Iri  starting  nav  stations,  however,  the  only  disadvantge  would  be 
in  using  existing  makes  of  motors.  In  this  case  it  might  pay 
to  make  the  change. 

Yours  truly, 

C.  J.  Edgar,  Oen'l  Manager. 


Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

We  ha vo  three  phonographs  used  in  the  facto ly  here. 
During  the  past  week  we  had  these  phonographs  changed  for  new 
ones.  We  noteJj  that  the  new  ones  are  a  very  great  improvement- 
on  those  that  we  had  before.  We  are  informed  that  this  is  the 
latest  design  from  the  Phonograph  Oo. 

We  find  that  the  new  ones  satfe  us  a  great  deal  of  time 
from  the  fact  that  the  operator  on  the  type-writer  is  enabled  to 
understand  with  little  attention  what  is  said.  These  phono¬ 
graphs  talk  so  loud  that  without  any  tube  or  trumpet  we  are 
enabled  to  hear  it  all  over  the  office  in  many  cases. 

Yours  very  truly, 

General  Manager. 


.  Dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

*•  ;  ■  Have  you  not  made  a  mistake  about  this?  I  be¬ 

lieve  -there  are  five  Directors  in  the  Lamp  Co®,  viz,:  Messrs, 

.  Upton,  Insull,  Ord,  Batchelor  aid  Edison.  Prior  to  Mr.  Ord's 
i  election,  was'ftiere  not  a  resignation?  Three  constitute  a  quo¬ 
rum;,  but  your  Minutes  show  -that  onlyitwo  were  present® 

Had  you  not  better  revise  fliese  Minutes  and  said  -them 
to  me  ggainv 

Very  tiu  ly  yours , 

S.  B.  Eaton  per  C.- 

July  1st.,  1890® 


Dear  Siri- 

I  enclose  herewith  draft  of  Minutes  of  the  lamp  Co., 
covering  meeting  held  April  15th  last,  at  Orange,  N*  J'*,  to  pro¬ 
vide  for  the  payment  to  the  Deutsche  Bank'.  Will  you  please  have 
these  written  up  in  the  Minute  Book  of  the  lamp  Company,  after 
which  kindly  return  the  Minute  Book  to  me  for  my  signature1* 


Yours  truly. 


A  moot  Ana  of  t,he  Hoard  of  Directors 


b  hold  at  Orange,  'US*  Tuesday,  April  13th.  at  3  o'clock,  P.ii 

PRESENT}  Messrs.  Instill,  Edition  i 


a^uutHM»tw<MJ~t«_nrr  ,T,jyorf 

Mr.  In  mill  stated  that  financial  arrangement b,  by  which 
•  the  Imuinosa  of  this  Coupaiiiy  would  bo  largely  increased  khd  bonc- 
fltted,  had  boon  made  with  the  Deutsche  Bank'  and  others,'  and  that 
it  who  for  the  boat  interests  of  this  (,‘omp .any  that  such  urrange- 
montc  should  bo  made.  Whereupon,  on  motion  duly  seconded,  it  was 

RESOLVED,  that  this  company  pay  to  the  Deutsche  Bank 
and  others  as  a  consideration  for  carrying  out  ouch  ’ 
arrangements  the  sum  of  $30,000. 

Upon  motion  duly  seconded  J,t  was  unanimously 
RESOLVED,  That  the  of floors  of  this  Company  be,  and 
they  are  hereby  authorized  to  oxooute  and  dolivor  a 



letter  in  tho  following  form: 

"To  Deutsche  Bank  and  others • 

"Deer  Sirs!- 

In  consideration  of  tho  general  financial 
arrnnganontB  wade  by  you  for  the  p roroot  ion  or  tho  Edison  business, 
and  In  view  of  tho  benefits  coming  therefrom,  tho  undersigned  1 
have  agreed  to  pay  you  a  cash  oommi  uaion  and  now  hand  yovj  same, 
as  follows: 

Edison  lamp'  Company - - - - — -§30, 000. 

Yours  very  truly, 


On  motion,  duly 

<’ndod,  tho  meeting 

then  adjourned. 

€  /  ' 

V - 

Extracts  from  report  df\j 


The  two  #  XO  Edison  dy^ianta  s'i^#48 . ,/&#49, )  have  been  in 
use  for  about  5  l/2  years  and  for  \jjo  past/2  l/2  years  have  been 
run  24  hours  every  day,  part  of  the  time  At  an  overload.  They 
have  cost  but  50  cents  for  repairs  duri/hg  that  time  and  have  given 
no  trouble. 

The  average  life  of  lampfs  at  Chisago  '-station  for  first 
fivo  months  was  684  hours  each  monfch  showing  life  as  follows  : 
Jan.  587,  Feb  542,  March  677,  April Vl9,  May  894|  These  results 
5  from  ampere  readings  with  current  sefry^d  y/ motors  deducted 
therefrom.  The  lowest  lifr  was  in  August  1889  394  hours. 

Chicago  Co.  reports  that  their  lamps  do  not  blacken 
but  a^e  remarkably  clear  and  bright.  The  contrast  between  the 
Edison  and  infringing  lamps  being  very  great  in  this  respect-. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Foreign  -  General  (D-90-36) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
electric  light  business  in  various  foreign  countries.  Much  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  A.  Arango,  general  manager  and  treasurer  of  the  Edison 
Spanish  Colonial  Light  Co.,  and  by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton  and  Charles  F.  Stone, 
Edison’s  attorneys.  Several  letters  relate  to  the  reorganization  of  the  board 
of  directors  of  the  Spanish  Colonial  company  and  to  Edison’s  retirement  as 
its  president.  Other  documents  concern  the  discontinuance  of  various  patents 
held  by  the  Compagnie  Continentale  Edison.  There  is  also  a  letter  from 
Johann  Fessenko,  mayor  of  Charkow,  Russia,  about  the  introduction  of 
electric  lighting  in  that  city.  A  4-page  report  of  the  Tokyo  Electric  Light  Co. 
describes  that  company’s  role  in  electric  lighting  in  Japan. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  regarding  patent  assignments;  proxies,  ballots,  and  meeting 
announcements  for  the  Edison  Spanish  Colonial  Light  Co.;  items  that 
duplicate  the  information  found  in  selected  material. 

r/, //-.s^ov-p  + 

I  enclose  annual  report  of  Ed.  Spanish  Col. 
lit.  Co.  for  1889  and  a  letter  from  Mr.  Navarro's  office  showing 
amount  of  debt. 

You  may  remember  that  it  was  arranged  that  Mr.  Navarro  being 
substantially  the  only  creditor  of  the  Company  was  to  settle  his 
account  by  taking  the  increased  stock,  410  shares,  not  yet  issued. 
I  understand  the  Havana  El.  Lt .  Co.  scheme  has  substantially 
failed;  but  am  told  that  other  arrangements  are  in  view. 

Please  sign  and  swear  to  enclosed  and  return  it  to  me  this 

week  . 

Yours  verjf  truly, 


€  <1*3  Cm  -  S^pO'i'-Si  h 

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How  York*  January  S/iml,lB90 

A  apodal  mooting  of  tho  Trustees  of  t!ie  TOtTi  son  Spanish 
Colonial  Kiwfrrio  Lijjht  Company  will  bo  bold  at  15  Broad  St  rout, 
room  3P, fourth  floor, How  York  City, at  11  0. clock  A.  M,  on 
Friday  January  P/lth,18f!0  to  appoint  a  Sonrotary  of  tho  Company 
vioo  R.  R.  0.  Brion  decoasod  . 

By  order  of  tho  Frosidonfc 

^  z&s  yy^  y  *e*w^.  ^  {i 

t66>  <y  /ss  *r  ■  ity^****^  a^  a^ 

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■si'cus , (fc/itf-  Jan.  25th.. 

T.'  A.  Ejiijscn 

Deal?  S*r$yv 

Referring  t-o^Mf*  Tate'h  letter  of  tho  8th.  inst., 
in^-whieh"Ke;..eno:Ias'ea  a  letter  fr'bii  the  dohtinental  Company  infonn- 
ing;.  thet. latter  Company  had  decided  to  drop  the  following 


Belgium^Set  7— Dynamo  a, 

"  *  15 — Meters. 

*  *  23 — Dynamos. 

rf  "  32— Meters. 

Spa&p.  "  19— Distribution. 

itt*  Set  ll— Dynamos ,  in  Eraftbe^a.tria.BblgiimtySpai#, 
I  beg  to-  give-  yoa-  the-  following  informatiartf  ^ 

Beigf^r  sat  $  oWem  the  ou&jeet  matter  Of  the 
ing  totters  Patent  of  t-life'  ttjtifd  StatO&f  fttteitt  asMl?, 
&**<*  ****  ht  do.  sj^eip,  &*md  &*PU 

iaesi  pHtiii  M. .  tfmm  tin*  t&gim 

ite  U&hi  vMt  ttfiiftrt 

(^rPp?-  /  z 

affect  theytwo  latter  UVSvpatentzv 

Belgl&fySet  X5^c avers  the  subject  ma tter/Jbf  'Le tterq^Pat- 
ent  of  t;tfe  U,S$  Nib1.  251§5^  granted  Decv  27th.';i'881‘j,  this  ' Belgi^ff^ 
patent  was  July  15'th,  ,1881. 

Belgian  Set-Si  covers  the  subject  ihitter  of  Letters 
•Ba.fen^'ibf’5. tii'e  uV$>.,y  No*  ’ 263, 133, grant  ed  August  '22ndi.j  1*^82;  patent 
No*  2 6% 64?, granted ‘-SepU  19th.  ,18*82;  hnd  applidfetion  No.  342, 
f  jaeW'OotV  Mh.ilS^Vbn^St^ig^naxlng  t-fife  commutator,  The  Belgian 
pl't^n^  was  gf  eovSecfOet*  5tiji.S  1&81. 

Belgian  8e"t  §2  covers'  the'  'subjveci  matter  of  L<li$!fcei&  Pa4- 
exi&oY the  Uvj&  n6*<  251^538, Ranted  Dec.  £7th.,i"881jand  No.  gd$jr 
#lftt  July  17  th,  $®S83.:  ^The  Belgiani’:'pa'tent  was.  granted  N'ovV 

19  covers  •.IfiS’tTeirs  latent  :of  ^hp^Ws*  No*v 
0’|ito‘48ih.  ,  l^aij  WJ ,  ^ 

t  .  ....  . 

SWSlJ'  Vantfett  Oct.  fcl881$  Voi  4^550^/aht'M 

arid'wKplicEt^'i ‘^^0 .  1^7 ,  f  il'fa  'toardh  ’^2t\u/liCl. 
'flfe'e  was*gr'antM  &'* 

*£e t.,1‘1., was v$r hnt. ed  in  France May  27th.,l'8T|l;  in  yLtria 
W.;S6ig^,jkr^'^'jkh.^aL';  mnd  in  Spa'in.June  27th., 
■®8fcBU  ;#.t<jB§i^$i<e  the  fd^otring^tfehf a  ■“'and  appli.qiEit  ibis’ll 

U«'«Qi>s  B.aien.t,  %.:2.6^14Q? granted  Aftg.22nd,  ,a,88(2;; 

U.S.  letters  BMgnt  tfd.fciSj^grahted  Oct,  18  th,  ,1881; r 

B&*enJ  Bo*Ma,4&ii0&nt4d  Mi.  i84hiii8§i; 

U.Sviettbrs  Patent 

Application  No.'  237-, nM  Aug.  &th.,iSg&; 

k'9'ifMea  &*..  ist.,;t8§0; 

AP&  No.  ^89  ,  fj^peb.  ^t  .^aaj&j 

aj^‘-A?^i'aat;i6n.  M,Q..  0.0 1.  lOth.,1883.' 

Will  you  kindly  look  over  the  jahoye  patents  -anti' 
applications.  and.  inform  me>  o*  thean.-isf  •any.^Du^Ofjg  iVsadvAs-* 

dbldAff^i^'e-'-Light  ddftpan'y  to  continue  ?ai  its  tfpff.  dxpeuse. 


.  .  '  . I 

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Societe  Anonyme  au  Capital  de Francs 


So  cl  ete  Anonym  e  au  Capital  de  1 

r  gOR  PIHB0T0H3. 
/  Thoa.  A.  Edison 

P.  lownry 
T .  E.  Sotolongo 


t}J  pCf, 

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/i  v  ^r*~  /»  *  »'''  * 

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fT  r«to-  Ajr . 

/ Cir  ^«r--  -  C?a^G.  *+f^re*+**s  ^ 

jUa.<^  nett*  p€e^**-7-J- 

On/yt^n^Azr  «f  ^'(-<  <-***  •"*'~ 

-^xl^dm*>/  -v.-«  y 

If  CtX^rT.  '1't'trur-- 

l t  L 

Dear  Sir;- 

Not  having  heard  from  you  and 

wishing  to  establish  the  formality  X  want  to  have  in  any  business 
I  am  managing,  by  the  proper  reorganization  of  the  Board  of  Dlrec- 
tors,  I  take  the  liberty  of  reminding  you  that  the  meeting  will 
take  place  for  that  purpose  after  I  receive  the  withdraw!-,  of  the 
resignation  from  Mr.  Edison. 

Besides  the  conversation  I  had  with  you,  please  call  the 
attention  of  ?'r.  Edison  to  the  following  reasons  why  he  ought  to 
withdraw  his  resignation  and  continue  giving  the  prestige  of  his 
name  as  President  of  this  Company. 

l8t.-He  has  been  the  President  these  many  years  when  the 
business  of  the  Company  was  neglected  and  there  was  nothing  doing. 

2nd. -It  is  unjust  to  me  ,  now  that  I  have  resuscitated  the 
business  of  the  Company,  and  its  affairs  are  conducted  with  the 
utmost  activity  and  in  a  thorough  business  way,  to  throw  a  damp¬ 
er  on  its  credit  by  his  resignation. - 

3rd. -Mr.  Edison’s  resignation  will  not  only  damage  the  af¬ 

fairs  of  the  Company, 

also  hii 

interest  in  the  same 


shareholder . 

''  4th  -There  is  not  the  least  liability  against  the  Trustees 
of  this  Company,  since  the  only  debt  there  is  now  will  be  cancell¬ 
ed  by  the  stock  accorded  to  be  isued  and  there  will  be  a  balance 
in  its  favor  consisting  of  the  stock  of  electrical  gpodB  at  Hava¬ 

Ho  debts  can  be  incurred,  sineo  even  my  salary  as  manager  is 
to  be  paid  out  of  the  earnings  of  the  business  which  is  carried 
strictly  on  a  caBh  basis.  - 

As  Mr.  St  one  deolines  to  act  as  THrector,  I  would  suggest 
that  you  would  replace  him,  and  thereby  Mr.  Rdison,  who  on  acc¬ 
ount  of  his  many  occupations  may  not  be  able  to  attend  to  the 
meetings,  would  satisfy  himself  that  he  has  acted  right  in  con¬ 
tinuing  as  President  of  this  Company. 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  favorably,  I  remain  Dear  Sir, 

s.  Yours  very  truly. 

J  / 

contents  of  your  favor  of  12th.  Inst.  Just  received,  and  in  order 
not  to  be  absent  when  you  call  at  this  office,  please  let  me 
know  at  what  time  you  will  do  so.  Generally  I  am  in  this  office 
from  eleven  to  one  o'clock  and  if  agreable  I  shall  wait  for  you 
on  Saturday  and  will  have  the  pleasure  to  have  you  accompany 
me  to  lunch. 

Yours  very  truly. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 


**$$?  '3e>r/yJ?e bruai-.  ia 

Orange ,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir;  ^  ^  C.  .  ^ 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  12th  inst . ,  requesting 
certain  information  with  regard  to  the  device  covered  by  Italian 
Patent,,  Set  11,  for  the  purpose  of  transmitting  the  same  to  the 
Compagnie  Continentals  Edison  in  compliance  with  a  request  con¬ 
tained  in  their  letter  of  the  27th  ulto.  to  the  Edison  Electric 
Light  Co.,  of  Europe,  limited,  I  beg  to  say  that  the  device  which 

EdlSOn  C°nSiderS  importan+'  oovered  by  said  Italian  Patent,  set 
11  is  the  dynamo  electric  machine  covered  by  U.  s.  Letters  Patent 
Ho.  263,14.0. 

I  return  herewith  the  letter  from  the  Continentals  00/ 
to  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.,  of  Europe,  Limited,  infomning  you 
of  the  intention  of  the  Italian  C0.  to  continue  the  said  Italian 
Patent,  Set  11,  which  you  enclosed  me  in  your  letter  of  the  I2th. 

Hoping  the  above  will  afford  you  all  the  information  nec¬ 
essary  to  answer  the  inquiries  of  the  Continental  Co..,  I  remain, 
Very  truly  yours, 




.  dy f  "j  S  _ 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.,  _ _ Jff?o 

Dear  sir:- 

In  answer  to  your  letter  of  the  2Sth,  Tilt., 
enclosing  to  me  proposed  assignment  of  patents  fran  Mr.  Edison 
to  the  Australasian  Electric  Light  Power  and  Storage  Company,  Lim¬ 
ited,  and  asking  my  opinion  as  to  the  propriety  of  Mr.  Edison's 
signing  thesame,  I  beg  to  state  that  1  have  examined  the  pro¬ 
posed  assignment  and  the  papers  accompanying  the  same  and  also 
Mr.  Edison's  agreement  with  Edison's  Indian  and  Colonial  Electric 
Company, Limited,  dated  torch  1st., 1883,  and  am  of  the  opinion 
Jhat  it  is  perfectly  gropur  for  Mr.  Edison  to  execute  the  assign¬ 
ment  in  the  form  proposed  if  the  patents  named  in  the  schedule 
thereunto  annexed  have  ever  been  granted,  which  of  course  I 
am  unable  to  determine, but  assume  that  they  have.  By  the  afore¬ 
said  agreement  of  March  1st., 1883,  Mr.  Edison  conveyed  all  his 
patent  rights  relating  to  electric  lighting  in  the  colonies  of  Now 
Zealand,  New  South  Wales,  Victoria,  Queensland,  gouth  Australia, 

West  Australia,  Tasmania,  Natal,  Cape  of  Good  Hope, and  South  Africa 

and  in  India  and  Coylon  to  the  said  Edison's  Indian  and  Colonial 
Electric,  Company, Limited,  and  covenanted  to  convey  similar  rights 
for  improvements  and  inventions  relating  to  the  application  of 
electricity, lighting,  heating  or  motive  agent  which  he  might  make 
during  the  period  of  five  years  from  June  12th., 1882.  The  Aus¬ 

tralasian  Electric  Light  Power  and  Storage  Company, Limited, 
has  succeeded  to  the  rights  of  Edison's  Indian  and  Colonial  Elec¬ 
tric  Company, Lirai ted ,  in  the  countries  named  in  the  proposed 
assignment,  and  is  therefore  clearly  entitled  to  an  assignment 
of  the  patents  covered  by  the  proposed  assignment  if  they  have 
not  been  heretofore  assigned, which  does  not  appear  to  be  the 
case  from  the  papers  submitted  to  me. 

I  return  you  herewith  all  the  papers  sent  me  by  you 

to  enable  me  to  decide  this  question,  the  same  being  copy  of  the 

aforesaid  agreement  between  Edison  and  the  .Indian  and  Colonial  Co. 

dated  March,.  1st.,  1883,  copy  of  assignment  of  patents  etc.','  dated 

the  day  of  ,1889,  and  copy  of  proposed  assignment 

to  be  executed  by  Mr.  Edison.  Before  having  the  same  executed 
tvSdk  flrurnsffa/lufe 

it  would  be  well  to  compare  the  schedule  of  patents  attached 
thereto  carefully  for  the  purpose  of  seeing  that  the  patents  in¬ 
cluded  therein  are  accurately  described,  this  being  something 

which  I  of  course  am  unable  to  do,  not  having  the  necessary  inform¬ 
ation  at  hand,' 

A  -Lyt  iyj 

to  ^sr-uiyt4  e£c~  A? 
c*Myo  \F£jl  o-vu^^^v- 

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siOlA^O  AkjOOC  CL-  C'6rrv'^J?tsyuf  XltY) 

/l/y  tyuD  prr  AAjl  <Jjuy/r^-  ,tM^  _ . 
'V^asyuOl/CLo  »• \  l-l\-t*s't  cAsty  ,  AA(_ 

A  '~rv t  o-A  §  Cis\'\s%  b>  Ao  Ajm 
Y^\jyi.u)  Ad  jArnAA  y^v^Ac-Ji^. , .  / 
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A<AYiX<^ry  ^  «y  ^ ! 

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to  AA  Xttu^Xu^nAXu)  'C4  t-vu-A'  -  : 
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oJ^/AlA)  A  3  o-cnto  -u\  . 

f  »<l^vvV-C-t-((£,.lt^  •Lft^i-yw/^j  _ 

Dear  Sirs 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the 
19th  inst.,  enclosing  translation  of  the  letter  from  the  Compagnie 
Continentals,  in  reference  to  certain  Austrian  and  Spanish  patents 
upon  which  it  is  their  intention  to  discontinue  the  payment  of  roy¬ 
alties.  I  had  already  received  a  copy  of  this  letter  from  the 
light  Co.  and  am  now  preparing  a  list  of  the  corresponding  United 
States  patents  to  submit  to  you  for  the  purpose  of  ascertaining 
your  views  as  to  the  advisability  of  having  the  light  Co.  assume 
the  payment  of  these  royalties.  I  hope  to  be  able  to  send  you 
this  liBt  within  a  few  days. 


f  W\>  - 


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Haw  York  City,  Deoembor  27,  1890. 

Edison  General  Elootrio  Company, 

Samuel  Insull,  Etsq,,  Second  Viee-Prosidont . 

Dear  SirS- 

Re  Complaint  of  Italian  Company.  Referring  to 
your  favor  of  the  3rd  inst .  annexed  hereto,  and  more  par¬ 
ticularly  to  the  annexed  letter  dated  October  27,  1890, 
from  the  Cie.  Continentale  Edison  to  the  Edison  Electric 
Co.  of  Europe,  Limited,  of  this  City,  I  bog  to  report  as 

(1)  My  investigation  of  this  matter  has  involved 
the  examination  of  every  agreement  and  record  relating  to 
the  European  business,  which  I  can  find,  from  the  first  and 
fundamental  Edison-Puskas-Bailey  contract  of  May  2,  1879, 
to  date.  Y/e  have  discovered  altogether  about  three  hun¬ 
dred  separate  documents,  all  of  which  have  been  read,  be¬ 
sides  about  five  hundred  pages  of  Minutes  of  The  Edison 
Electric  Light  Company  of  Europe,  Limited.  But  singularly 
enough,  the  one  document  above  all  others  which  I  want, 
cannot  be  found,  viz:  the  existing  agreement  between  the 

i  I 

Oie.  Conti  no  nr,  ala  Edison  and  the  Italian  Company.  I  find 
enough,  however,  to  enable  rno  to  dotsnnlno  with  reasonable 
certainty ,  what  tho  rights  of  the  Italian  Company  are. 

(S)  The  substantial  complaint  of  tho  Italian  Co.  is 
that  dynamos,  sockets  and  lamps,  all  of  tho  Edison  type, 
have  been  chipped  by  you  from  the  United  states  into  Italy, 
and  have  been  used  there  to  equip  an  electric  railroad  at 
Florence.  This  complaint  is  sot  forth  in  detail  in  tho 
papers  annexed  hereto.  Tho  Italian  Company  claims  that 
this  action  on  your  part  infringes  thoir  rights,  also  that 
they  ought  to  be  indemnified  for  this  particular  case,  and 
that  hereafter  all  applications  for  Edison  material  to  bo 
used  with  electric  railways,  should  be  referred  to  them. 

{3}  What  rights  as  to  Edison  inventions,  lias  the 
Italian  Co.  aoquired?  My  answer  is  that  they  havo  prob¬ 
ably  acquired  all  rights  which  their  parent  Company,  the 
Cie.  Oontinentale  company,  has  over  ticquirod,  and  from  all 
the  information  I  can  got,  tny  belief  is  that  a  certain  con¬ 
tract  of  IJovombor  ID,  18S1,  between  Hr.  Edison,  Tho  Edison 
Electric  Light  Company  of  Europe,  Limited,  and  Messrs, 
Purges  and  Leon,  determines  what  inventions  of  Mr.  Edison 


I  I 

were  acquirable  by  the  Oio.  Continental  Edison,  for  eight 
certain  Continental  countries,  one  of  which  is  Italy.  The 
inventions  thus  acquirable  are  all  those  relating  to  elec¬ 
tric  "light  and  motive  power",  theretofore  made  by  Mr. .Edi¬ 
son,  or  thereafter  made  by  him  prior  to  November  15,  1886.. 
All  said  inventions  made  prior  to  that  date,  were  acquired 
without  additional  compensation.  As  rogards  inventions’ 
made  after  that  date,  the  said  contract  provides  that  all 
new  inventions  of  the  same  kind,  made  by  Mr.  Edison  during 
the  next  twelve  years,  that  is  t o  say,  prior  to  November  15, 
1898,  shall  bo  offered  to  the  said  Ole.  Continentale  Edison 
"upon  the  same  conditions  offered  by  any  other  person  or 
Company"  thorefor,  and  the  said  Ereneh  Company  is  entitled 
to  fifteen  dayB  within  which  to  declare  whether  it  accepts 
the  offer  or  not.  There  is  some  doubt  whether  the  date  in 
question  is  November  15  or  November  25,  and  whether  the 
price  to  be  paid  for  the  said  new  inventions  in  the  said 
twelve  years,  is  the  "offered"  price  as  aforesaid,  or,  on 
the  other  hand,  is  such  a  prioe  as  may  be  mutually  agreed 
upon  or  fixed  by  arbitration  in  the  event  of  disagreement. 
The  documents  before  me  are  not  quite  clear  on  these  pointa 
Special  terms  are  made  as  to  France,  for  improvements  on 



lamps  during  this  longest  period,  .but,  for  present  purposes, 
I  shall  pay  no  attention  to  them,  beoause  they  do  not  af- 
feot  Italy. 

As  already  stated,  the  kind  of  eleotrie  inventions 
covered  by  the  above  agreement,  are  those  relating  to 
"light  and  motive  power",  and’ tho  agreement  includes  the 
right  to  manufacture,  use  and  sell  them.  in  the  earlier 
contracts  between  Mr.  Edison  and  the  French  interests,  the 
inventions  were  described  as  relating  to  "light,  heat  and 
power".  In  the  fundamental  contract  mentioned  above, 
dated  May  2,  1879,  the  words  used  are  "lighting,  power  and 
heating".  But  in  the  above  mentioned  oontraot  of  November 
15  (including  a  certain  other  document  bearing  the  date  of 
November  25),  1881,  the  word  "heat"  seems  to  have  been 
dropped.  There  is,  however,  nothing  but  the  fact  of  the 
omission  to  show  that  this  v/aB  intentional,  and  the  prob¬ 
ability  is  that  the  inventions  acquirable  by  tho  said  Oie. 
Continentale  Edison,  embrace  everything  relating  to  elec¬ 
tric  light  and  power,  including  heat. 

(4)  The  rights  acquirable  by  the  Cie.  Gontinentale 
Edison  being  as  set  forth  above,  let  us  now  take  up  the 
other  branch  of  our  enquiry,  namely,  what  rights  has  tho 

I  •  I 

Italian  do.  acquired?  Unfortimately ,  as  already  mention¬ 
ed,  we  can  find  no  reliable  copy  of  tiny  Italian  Co.  con¬ 
tract,  but  there  is  little  doubt  that  the  Italian  Company 
acquired,  probably  in  1884,  from  the  said  Cio.  Continentele 
Edison,  all  of  the  Edison  patents  and  inventions,  at  least, 
which  the  said  French  Company  then  owned,  relating  to  light 
and  motive  power.  Whether  or  not  the  Italian  Company  ac¬ 
quired  Mr.  Edison' e  future  inventions  fiir  the  said  twelve 
years  ending  November  15,  1898,  I  am  in  doubt.  That  fact 
can  only  be  determined  when  v/e  get  copies  of  tho  existing 
agreement  betv/een  the  French  parent  Conipany  and  the  said 
Italian  Company.  But  there  can  bo  little  doubt  that  the 
Italian  Company  actually  acquired  the  exclusive  right  for 
Italy,  to  all  of  Mr.  Edison's  inventions  relating  to  Light 
and  motive  power  made  prior  to  November  15,  1886. 

(5)-  Referring  now  to  the  specific  complaint  made 
by  the  Italian  Company  as  set  forth  in  its  statement  of 
October,  1890,  annexed  hereto,  namely,  that  Edison  dynamos  , 
sockets  and  lamps  have  been  shipped  from  here  to  Italy,  the 
question  arises  whether  the  specific  dynamos,  lamps  and 
sockets  mentioned  in  the  said  oomplaint ,  are  covered  by  the 
inventions  and  patents  'which  the  Italian  Gonpany  probably 


acquired  as  aforesaid.  l’o  accurate  answer  oan  be  made  to 
this  question  without  further  facts,  but  it  seems  to  mo 
that  the  presumption  is,  and  a  strong  one,  that  the  said 
articles  are  oovered  by  the  patents  and  inventions  owned  by 
the  Italiun  Oompany,  and  that  in  shipping  those  artioleB 
to  Italy,  you  have  infringed  the  rights  of  that  Oompany. 

(6)  Please  note  that  the  Italian  Co.  claims  indem¬ 
nity  for  this  particular  infringement  of  their  rights,  and 
also  .insists  that  all  future  applications  from  Italy,  for 
Edison  equipment,  be  referred  to  them.  If  they  wish  indem¬ 
nity,  they  Can  proceed  against  the  Florence  &  Fiesole  Rail¬ 
way,  in  their  own  local  Courts.  Whether  the  said  Railway 
could  then  turn  around  and  collect  these  damages  from  you 
as'  the  vendors  and  shippers  of  the  material  in  question,  is 
doubtful.  However,  the  Italian  Co.  is  probably  not  like¬ 
ly  to  ask  for  damages,  if  you  make  an  apology  and  agree  not 
to  repeat  the  offence. 

As  regards  their  demand  that  you  should  refer  all 
future  applications  for  Edison  equipment  to  them,  I  advise 
that  if  you  continue  to  attend  to  these  applications  your¬ 
self,  yai  will  seriously  complicate  the  situation.  The 
presumption  is  that  the  position  taken  by  the  Italian  Oo. 


is  correct.  That  being  so,  you  ought  not  to  .'trifle  with 
it,  certainly  not  until  I  am  able  by  moans  of  the  further 
information  which  wo  are  in  pursuit  of,  as  mentioned  above, 
to  state  definitely  just  what  your  own  rights  and  obliga¬ 
tions  are. 

(7)  The  above  opinion  is  given  with  a  reservation, 
viz:  that  I  may  change  it  if  fuot3  hereafter  learned  re¬ 
quire.  In  order  to  get  at  those  facts,  I  suggest  that  a 
letter  bo  written  to  the  .French  parent  Company.  Their  let¬ 
ter  of  October  27,  is  addressed  to  Thu  Edison  Electric 
Light  Company  of  Europe,  Limited,  which  is  our  European 
Company  in  this  City.  Whether  you  wish  the  reply  to  pro¬ 
ceed  from  that  Company  or  from  yourself  is  a  matter  for  you 
to  determine.  I  rather  incline  to  the  opinion  that  theere- 
ply  should  be  signed  by  that  Company.  I  suggest  that  the 
text  of  this  said  reply  bo  substantially  as  follows: 

"Cie,  Continentale  Edison, 


"Referring  to  your  valued  favor  of  October 
"27th,  and  to  the  complaint  of  the  Italian  Company 
"enclosed  therein,  namely,  that  certain  Edison'  dyna- 
"mos,  lamps  and  sockets  have  been  shipped  from  here 
•  "to  Florence  and  are  used  there  on  the  Fiesole  elec- 
"tric  railway ,  wo  beg  to  say  that  our  examination  of 
"the  questions  involved  in  the  complaint,  has  com¬ 
pelled  uo  to  go  through  a  largo  number  of  doctunents 
"and  records  relating  to  the  contract  obligations 
"existing  between  Mr.  Edison  and  his  licensees  or 

"grantcos  in  Europe,  including  yourselves  and  tho 
"Italian  Company.  Ov/i ru;  to  the  fact  that,  these  doc¬ 
uments  have  bucorne  scattered,  duo  to  the  ur range - 
"cisnto  existing  between  different  parties  in  inter¬ 
est  on  this  side  of  the  water,  it  has  required  a 
"long  time  for  us  to  got  them  all  together  for  exam* 
"ination.  V/e  have  at  last,  however,  auooesdod  in 
"collecting  every  tiling  accessible,  but  we  regret  to 
"say  that  one  or  more  of  tho  most  important  doou- 
"montb  oannot  bo  found.  We  refer  to  the  agreements 
"existing  between  you  and  tho  Italian  Company,  wo 
"have  fatnd  many  references  to  certain  “Statutes”  of 
"the  Italian  Company,  but  we  huve  not  been  able  to 
"find  any  complete  or  certified  oopy  of  those  stat¬ 
utes  or  agreements  them solves . 

"It  is  our  desire  to  secure  prompt  and  generous 
"treatment  for  the  Italian  Comp  any ,  but;  wa  are  em- 
"barrassed  by  our  doubts  as  to  whethor  wo  have  cor- 
"rect  copies  of  tho  existing  agreements  whereby  the 
"Italian  Company  lias  acquired  right  and  title  to  Mr. 
"Edison's  inventions.  In  this  emergency,  we  regret 
"to  say  that  we  must  appeal  to  you.  Accordingly,  wo 
"now  write  to  ask  you  to  at  once  forward  to  us  exact 
"copies  of  all  oxisting  agreements  and  statutes  of 
"every  kind  whereby  the  Italian  Company  has  acquired 
"any  right's  as  to  Mr.  Edison's  inventions  and  pat¬ 
ents,  and  we  suggest  that  you  forward  us  those  doc- 
"urasnts  without  translating  them,  so  that  wo  raay  rci- 
"oeive  tho  various  agreements  and  statutes  in  pre- 
" cicely  the  same  form  and  language,  word  for  v/ord, 
"as  the  originals.  Will  you  also  have  tlwm  certi¬ 
fied  to  by  your  Secretary,  as  being  full  and  correct 

"It  is  our  impression,  judging  from  such  ro- 
" Gordo  as  wo  have  found  hore,  thut  the  complaint  of 
"the  Italian  Co.  is  juutifiod,  and  that  they  have 
"probably  not  bean  properly  treated.  But,  as  wc 
"hnvo  stated,  wo  cannot  bo  sure  of  this  until  wo 
"have  ujl  the  documents  bo  fora  us.  Should  it  than 
"turn  out  that  our  present  impression  is  correct, 
"promp t  stupa  will  be  taken  to  protect  the  Italian 
"Oo.  ir.  ito  full  rights. 

"It  occurs  to  us  to  add  that  it  would  faoili- 
"tate  our  investigation,  if  you  would  prooure  from 
“the  Italian  Company  and  forward  to  us  a  statement 
"of  v/hat  they  oonsider  thair  legal  position  to  be  in 
“this  matter,  and  v/e  v/ould  bo  very  much  gratified  if 
"they  vjould  recite  at  length  and  verbatim  those 
“parts  of  the  statutes  or  agreements  with  you,  upon 
"which  they  roly.  If  they  will  kindly  require 
"their  legal  adviser  to  prepare  for  us,  a  statement 
"of  this  kind,  it  will  not  only  save-  time  hero,  but 
"will  also  prevent  us  from  going  astray,  for  you  no 
"doubt  understand  that  inasmuch  as  the  European  bus¬ 
iness  has  been  managed  entirely  by  you,  at  Paris, 
"vie  have  not  kept  close  watch  of  it  hore,  and  for 
"that  reason  we  are  to  a  certain  extent  groping  in 
"the  dark. 


(8)  Hoping  you  Y/ill  bo  satisfied  with  the  recom¬ 
mendations  made  above,  and  regretting  that  I  cannot  as  at 
present  advised,  express  a  more  definite  opinion,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

General  Oounsel. 


1890.  Electric  Light  -  Foreign  -  United  Kingdom  (D-90-37) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Co.,  Ltd.  and  other  British  light 
companies.  Most  of  the  letters  concern  the  efforts  of  the  Edison  &  Swan 
company  to  file  a  disclaimer  of  Edison’s  British  feeder  patent.  There  is  also 
a  letter  from  Rookes  E.  Crompton,  a  prominent  British  electrical  engineer, 
about  his  company’s  electric  lighting  work.  Some  of  the  documents  may  be 
partially  illegible  due  to  water  damage. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  business 
correspondence  concerning  catalogs;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  items; 
documents  that  duplicate  information  in  selected  material. 

Dear  Mr.  EdisonJ- 

V  *?/, 

if ?x 

New  York  Oity,  May  27th,  1890. 


Introduced  by  letter  from  you,  I  wrote  to  learn  how 
they  were  getting  along  with  their  suit  on  the  Feeder  Patent.  This 
is  their  reply.  It  alarms  me  a  little. 

I  suggest  that  you  cable  and  ask  them  not  to  disclaim 
until  we  have  time  to  exchange  letters.  I  am  afraid  that  what  they 
may  do  will  probably  hurt  us  in  ourusuit  here. 

Kindly  return  this  letter,  with  a  copy  of  your  cable¬ 
gram,  if  you  conclude  to  send  one,  I  shall  then  write  to  them. 

Please  excuse  printed  signature. 

S.  B.  Baton. 



Uu  U  -fL- 

Hfcw^  ^  ^  <M^yyy 

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Form  No.  3.  os 

The  Anglo-American  Telegraph  Company,  Limited. 

ESTABLISHED,  1866.  ' 





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Mri,  rate,-  June  23,  18 901. 

Mr1*  Edison  desires  you  to  give  this  your  attention 
iumediately  upon  your  return. 


#Cf-  C,  c, 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orar^e,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

/£(? yl'war/wtw/  (EQUITABLE  BL 

' — Jurte_2Xs.t,.180O 



Re  Feeder  Suit.  As  you  are  already  aware  it  is  the  in¬ 
tention  of  the  Edison-Swan  Bleotrie  light  Company,  of  I.ondon,  to 
file  a  further  disclaimer  of  this  patent,  under  the  advice  of  their 
counsel,  Mr.  Moulton  and  Sir  Frederick  Bramwell.  I  have  received 
from  Messrs.  Ashurst,  Morris,  Crist  &  Company  copies  of  the  pro¬ 
posed  disclaimer  and  have  submitted  the  same  to  Mr.  Betts  for  an 
opinion.  After  examining  these  papers,  Mr.  Betts  has  written  me 
that  he  should  be  sorry  to  have  this  disclaimer  made  as  it  would 
practically  concede  that  what  we  are  here  endeavoring  to  maintain 
could  not  be  maintained.  Mr.  Betts  also  wishes  to  ascertain  upon 
what  evidence  the  English  counsel  base  their  opinion  that  it  is 
impossible  to  maintain  the  English  patent  in  its  present  form. 

In  the  light  of  these  facts  I  suggest  that  you  cable  to 
Major  Page  a  request  that  if  it.  iB  possible,  he  refrain  from  fil- 


ing  the  disclaimer  until  we  can  communicate  with  him  further. 

Hoping  this  plan  will  meet  with  your  approval,  I  re- 

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|  Messrs.  Eaton  &  Lewis 
!  Dear  Sirs: 

6  Old  Jeury,  London,  E.  0. 
18th  July,  1890. 


Feeder  Patent. 

j  With  reference  to  your  letter  of  the  24th  ult. 

]  we  will  endeavour  to  postpone  the  hearing  of  the  appli- 
I  cation  to  disclaim  here  as  long  as  possible,  but  fear  it 
j  must  come  on  in'  about  3  months  from  now.  The  only  means 
j  by  which  we  could  obtain  further  delay,  would  be  by  with¬ 
drawing  the  application,  and  paying  the  costs  of  all  op¬ 
ponents  which  would  be  very  heavy  as  the  number  of  op¬ 
ponents  is  very  large. 

If  you  are  able  to  bring  your  case  to  a  hearing 
in  October,  it  is  extremely  probable  that  our  application 
will  not  then  have  been  heard. 

You  may  rely  upon  our  doing  all  in  our  power  to 
meet  Mr.  Edison*  s,  and  your  wishes  in  the  matter  so  far 
as  our  Clients  interest  will  permit. 

Our  reasms  for  advising  the  Company  that  the 
Specification  of  the  English  Patent  cannot  be  supported  __ 
here:  without  further  di  sclaimer  are  briefly  that  all  the 
Experts  whom  we  have  consulted  including  particularly 
•  Sir  Frederick  Bramwell  and  Mr.  Imary-  (a  leading  Patent 
Agent J  consider  that  there  are  grave  doubts  whether  the 



Invention  was  proper  subject  natter  for  a  Patent  here 
except  in  So  far  as  it  claimed  the  feeding  of  distribut¬ 
ing  mains  at  several  different  points  by  several  separate 
feeders  either  fran  one  central  Station  or  from  several. 
Mr.  Imray  even  doubts  whether  this  limited  claim  can  be 

The  Experts  express  also  doubts  as  to  the  nov¬ 
elty  of  the  invention.  We  do  not  mean  to  say  that  there 
are  existing  Specifications  for  the  same,  or  analogous 
inventions,  or  other  direct  prior  publications,  but  the 
earlier  claims  are  for  such  simple  devices  that  it  is 
difficult  to  believe  that  prior  user  of  some  part  of  the 
invention  therein  claimed  could  not  be  put  forward. 

Figures  8  and  9  for  instance  seem  to  shew  the 
mode  of  connection  which  ary  one  would  naturally  adopt. 

In  Figure  8,  two  main  leads  branch  each  into  two  lamp 
leads,  and  in  figure  9  there  are  four  main  leads,  each 
pair  to  one  group  of  lanps.  We  must  consider  figures 
8  and  9  as  within  the  first  claim,  and  this  appears  to  be 
tantamount  to  attempting  to  exclude  the  public  from  sup¬ 
plying  two  separate  sets  of  lamps  from  a  pair  of  leads  as 
in  figure  8,  or  from  carrying  from  one  source  of  electri¬ 
city  several  separate  pairs  of  lead3  to  several  separate 
groups  of  lamps. 

The  Experts  find  these  methods  to  be  obvious 
involving  no  invention. 

In  figure  1  to  7  the  Experts  also  find  no  nov¬ 
elty,  and  no  feeding  Conductor  at  all  in  the  proper  sense 


|  of  the  term,  which  involves  supplying  several  different 
points  in  one  lamp  circuit  not  merely  supplying  a  sep- 
j  arate  lamp  circuit  as  in  figures  1  to  7. 

The  Experts  cite  the  analogy  of  a  gas  or  water 
main  several  miles  in  length  supplying  houses  at,  dif  fer- 
i  ent  parts,  supposing  the  local  demand  of  any  particular 
district  to  become  greater  than  the  existing  main  can 
supply,  the  obvious  course  is  to  put  down  a  second  feed- 
!  ing  main  which  would  convey  supplies  to  a  distant  part  of 
the  existing  mkin  rather  than  to  substitute  for  the  ex- 
i  istingmain  a  larger  pipe  to  carry  the  increased  supply. 
We  enclose  y,cu  a  copy  of  the  Specification  as 
originally  filed  before  the  fiist  Disclaimer. 

Yours  truly, 

Ashurst,  Morris,  Crisp  &  Co. 

^Y~4^4  ni. 


^/rOae/tfStfry  (  equ  itable  bu  i  ld  i  n  s  i 

.ykaw  l/rs/d?'. _ Aug  «_6Jh .  .,.189.0 . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Sear  Sir:- 

Re  Feeder  Suit,  I  send  you  herewith  copies  of 
letters from  Messrs.  Ashurst,  Morris, Crisp  &  Company,  dated 
July,  18tli,,  1890,  and  from  Frederic  H.  Betts,  Esq,,  dated  Aug. 
5th*,.:  1890,  together  with  the  copy  of  Jensen  patent  No, 3880  of 
1880,  all  relating  to  the  proposed  disclaimer  of  the  English  Feeder 
patent,  for  your  perusal  in  connection  with  the  documents  sent  you 
by  me  yesterday.  After  your  prospective  m  nsultation  with  Mr. 
Betts,  I  should  be  pleased  to  have  you  return  to  me  the  copy  of  the 
Jensen  patent,  if  you  have  no  further  use  for  it* 

Very  truly  yours. 


''O'  Edison. 

New  York,  August  4,  1890. 

S.  B.  Eaton,  Esq.,  ,i 

Dear  Sir: 

1  have  examined  the  letter  of  Messrs,  Ashearst,  Morris, 
Crisp  &  0o,,  dated  July  18th,  1890,  with  reference  to  the  proposed 
Disclaimer  of  the  English  Edison  "Feeder"  patent,  and,  in  reply 
thereto,  I  would  say  that  it  still  seems  to  me  exceedingly  desira¬ 
ble  that  no  definite  action  should  be  taken  in  reference  to  dis¬ 
claiming  any  portion  of  the  Englida  patent  at  the  present  time,  and 
vhile  X  am  not  familiar  with  the  details  of  English  practice  on  the 
subject  of  Disclaimers,  and  am,  of  course,  not  nearly  as  familiar 
as  English  Counsel  would  be  of  the  extent  to  which  the  Courts  would 
go  in  sustaining  the  patent,  yet  it  seems  to  me  that  action  there 
should  be  delayed  as  far  as  possible. 

If  I  correctly  understand  the  English  lava,  it  is  that  if 
any  portion  of  a  patent  is  invalid  the  whole  is  invalid  unless 
Disclaimer  has  been  duly  filed  prior  to  the  commencement  of  the 
suit . 

With  us  the  law  is  different,  and  more  liberal.  A  dis¬ 
claimer,  here,  may  be  filed  at  the  time  of  trial  if  the  evidence 
there  developed  seems  to  reneder  it  necessary. 

It  is,  of  course,  important  not  to  disclaim  anything 
that  there  is  a  fair  chance  of  maintaining,  and  there  is  nothing  in 





the  letter  of  Messrs.  Ashearst,  Morris,  Crisp  &  Co.,  which  alters 
my  view  that  there  is  no  occasion,  at  the  prosent  time,  to  despair 
of  maintaining  the  broad  Claims  of  the  "Feeder"  patent,  if  those 
Claims  are  construed  as  involving  the  necessary  limitations,  in 
regard  to  the  proper  proportions  and  relations  of  the  several  parts. 

A  fair  definition  of  the  Edison  "Feeder"  invention  is 
found  in  the  statement  of  cross-Q,  137,  addressed  to  Prest.  Morton, 
and  Prest.  Morton's  answer  shows  that  he  can  find  no  answer. to  the 
terms  of  the  patent,  as  thus  understood,  except  in  descriptions  of 
electro-plating  contrivances. 

It  seems  to  me  that  the  limitations  stated  in  that  ques¬ 
tion  (137)  are  such  as  may  be  reasonably  read  into  or  found  implied 
in  the  patent,  and  if  our  experts  can  point  out  sufficient  differ¬ 
ences  between  the  electro-plating  contrivances  and  the  Edison  sys¬ 
tem  of  lighting,  which  I  am  led  to  believe  that  they  can  do,  it 
would  seem  that  the  invention  of  the  "Feeder"  patent  is  not  such  an 
obvious  thing  as  has  been  contended. 

I  am  awaiting,  with  interest,  the  conclusions  of  our  ex¬ 
perts  on  this  subject,  and,  in  the  meantime,  sincerely  hope  that 
no  admissions  will  have  to  be  made  in  England  which  may  be  cited 
against  us  here. 

Yours  respectfully, 

Frederic  H.  Betts, 

W.  H.  B. 


Blue-book  copy  of  Jensen 
letter  of  Ashearst,  Morris,  Crisp 
with  returned. 

patent,  No.  3880  of  1880,  and 
&  Co.,  of  July  8th,  1890,  here 


*'V\- c 

Engineering  Works,  Ch elmsford. 

London  Works ,  1, Lillie  Road.s.w. 

Telephone  8630.  Loudon  Telephone  N?  1663 

T. A. Edison  Bs  q  > 

“0  ranks'” 

Mew  Jersey  On  Had  Status 

Dear  Mr  Edison 

I  had  the  pleasure  of  being  introduced  '-•>  />,  \  ._>  . .  -  • 

,  Paris  and  had  ho  pad  to  have  had  the  further  pleasure  of  ..Li-,,  :;4 
England  this  year. and  showing  you  soma  of  the  electrical  jsfj.  i.ha  i 
carried  out  by  us  and  of  which  we  are  not  a  little  urou.i.  b 

Mr  Albright,  uiy  intimate  friend,  afra  dlvibs  th  • 
of  our  Company  with  me, is  visiting  America  this  Autumn,  lb  l-av«si:  In  i  f-  -. 
days  in  company  with  the  me  otters  of  the  Iron  &  Steel  Institute,  'ie  n-ixion 
to  make  your  acquaintance  and  talk  over  various  business  Matters  niti  >n  i. 

I  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  write  to  J.F.  Albright,  Park  Avenue  cbfcel,  !.••/  br, 
stating  what  v/ould  be  the  best  time  and  place  for  him  to  visit  you. 

You  perhaps  know  that  the  Company  known  by  my  name  occupy  * 
prominent  position,  and  that  v/e  have  designed  and  carried  out  many  largw  cud 
important  works  in  England, in  the  English  Colonies, and  on  the  Continent  of 
Europe.  1,  personally.,  have  bean  working  at  the  problamn  of  continuous 
ourrent  distribution  aver  since  1373  and  from  the  very  first  have  b3an  i 
strong  upholder  of  the  continuous  or  direct  system  of  distribution. 

?,i..  3, S.'jfg .  Co  o  t.t,  3. 

equal  density  whersvsr  Central  ftations  cia  bn  \  • .• •.  • 

'43 r king  to  a  greater  radius  than  1400  yirds  fro-;,  ,  o.-  :  •  ..i  - 
system  »e  can  produce  and  dtstribaU  eHchrlaal  --i 
reached  and  farther  that  the  capital  coat  c,r  n«i,  $  ipol t  •. 

I  w  as  told  that  you  v;are  struck  ith  to  .a  xo  3 1  •  :• 
in  the  Central  Stations  of  Berlin,  but  1  think  you  .’ill  fin. \  *  ■, 

Stations  tbit  have  been  lately  cample  tad  on  oar  syut 

»ith  Berlin  in  both  the  above  respects, 

la  ao r king  out  th-o  system  have  !>-•*:*•«  l  ■  i  :•.■> 
far  •'.’■>  l  ch  we  have  duly  obtained  Fat  ants  in  this  .*  ’  i  .,  • 

Ons  of  them  Is  for  the  form  of  accumulators  we  use  1  oh  '  , 
v;hich  have  besn  used  by  other  maksrs,  principally,  is  r 
being  discharged  at  five-fold  the  rate  whioh  is  usual  r, ..c;c>,.j} 
size, without  suffering  damage  in  any  4 ay.  The  other  . 

the  various  details  of  our  underground  mains  which  consist  •>  f  \  ■  a. 

stretched  over  insulators  in  underground  culverts  or  channels  ;  . 
that  we  obtain  extremely  high  and  permanent  insulation  at  an  i 

for  the  section  of  copper  employed.  You  will  notice  that  tin;:  i 
not  by  any  means  new  and  untrled.on  the  contrary,  they  have  Mu 

several  years  working  and  it  is  only  now  that  their  commercial  suocn 
fully  pro  vied  in  England  that  we  have  determined  to  deal  with  our  Amur! 

Yours  very  Faithfully 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  United  Edison  Manufacturing 
Company  (D-90-38) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  business  of  the  United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Some  of  the  letters  deal 
with  the  installation  of  electric  lighting  plants,  the  development  of  meters  and 
other  electrical  equipment,  and  the  construction  of  a  steam  engine  for  Edison’s 
ore  milling  operation  in  Ogden,  N.J.  There  are  also  two  blueprint  charts 
containing  sales  information.  Among  the  correspondents  are  J.C.  Henderson, 
acting  engineer-in-chief;  H.  Ward  Leonard,  general  manager  of  the  Cash 
Installations  Division;  and  Samuel  D.  Greene,  assistant  to  the  general  manager. 
On  August  1,  1890  this  company  became  part  of  the  Edison  General  Electric 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal; 
letters  of  acknowledgement;  other  routine  business  correspondence. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-33  (Electric  Light  -  Edison 
General  Electric  Company  -  General)  and  D-90-64  (West  Orange  Laboratory). 

Edis6n  Laboratory'. 

a  ..,  h?-. 

Edison  Laboratory. 

S.nt . ~. . 

■  s . .Cl...<£..,.,^Z;. 

bsL*z.  iu^eL- 

.  C<£- . . 

Z .  . ? 

Id  EDISON  MFC.  CO...  '  1/^4 C*')''' 7^7 y/„^ 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company,  /  r  & 


New  York, . March . 5, . 1890, 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.  , 

Llewellyn  Park, 
0  ra  ng  u ,  M 

Bear  Sir: - 

■  ^  -i  <■  X  ”1  «-  <0 

V/e  want  to  go  through  seme  legal  motions  in  order 

to  seuure  ^25,000.  of  full  paid  stock  for  a  plant  we  have  at 
Hackensack.  As  it  is  necessary  that  v/e  have  one  of  the  incor¬ 
porators  from  the  State  of  new  jersey,  I  have  taken  the  liberty 
of  using  your  name  for  this  purpose,  our  attorney  Mr.  Mosher  and 
myself  acting  as  the  other  two. 

The  procedure  will  be  this, 

The  plant  will  be  sold  by  this  Company  to  you,  Mr.  Mosher 
and  myself.  V/e  in  turn  will  sell  it  to  the  Hackensack  Electric 
Light  Company  for  their  entire  capital  stock  and  then  we  will 
endorse  the  stock  over  to  the  United  p.dison  Manufacturing  Company. 

Mo  responsibility  will  attach  to  the  matter  in  any  way,  and 
I  shall  endeavor  tosee  that  you  are  not  put  to  any  inconvenience 
due  to  it.  I  did  not  know  of  any  one  else  in  Mew  Jersey  who  was 
available  and  who  was  not  a  Director  or  Officer  of  the  United 

Trusting  you  may  be  able  to  accoirmodate  us  in  the  matt  er ,  I 

Truly  yours, 

den' 1  Manager. 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 


New  York . March . 10, . 1890. 

A.  0.  Tato,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: — 

I  have  beeKawaiting  with  groat  interest  the  copy  of 
the  test  made  at -the  Franklin  Institute,  showing  the  comparative 
efficiency  of  the  throe  wire  system  and  the  alternating  current 
convertor  system.  I  happen  to  have  immediate  use  for  it  in 

one  or  two  places. 

Kindly  lot  me  know  how  soon.:I  can  procure  a  copy. 

Truly  yours 

Gen'l  Manager. 


H  H  C 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

Department  of  Engineering, 

44  wall  street, 

New  York . . 189 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.J, 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

As  the  tracings  of  Buffalo  are  very  near  completion  I 
send  for  your  decision  as  to  the  allotment  of  lights  in  dwellings, 
as  per  classification. 

Prom  close  observation  our  canvassers  have  reported  as 

follows  : 

1st  Class  Dwellings . .  12  lights, 

2nd  "  »  .  8  « 

3rd  "  »  .  5 

^  k,  ?  0  |  "  "  . .  3  0  mostly  Kerosene 

9  L  ..  - — - A^to^e 

If  you  have  any  corrections  to  make  to  the  above,  it  would  facilit¬ 
ate  the  work,  and  oblige, 

Yours  respectfully, 

Acting  Engineer- in-Chief . 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

Department  of  Engineering, 



New  Yor k . mreih 

Mr,  A.  E.  Kennelly, 

care, Edison* s  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  sir  :  - 

In  connection  with  the  Milwaukee  matter,  Mr.  Edison  at 
one  time  proposed  running  separate  arc  circuits  in  the  same  trench 
with  the  underground  work.  I  wish  you  could  get  his  opinion  as  to 
the  advisability  of  doing  the  same  in  say  one  or  two  of  the  prin¬ 
cipal  avenues.  Of  course,  what  Mr.  Edison  proposes  for  the  arc 
lights,  i.  e.  running  four  or  five  lamps  in  series  from  outside 
to  outside  of  the  system,  while  first  class  for  street  lighting 
might  not  work  so  well  where  private  customers  require  it, as  we 
would  very  likely  have  to  double  up  customers  on  the  same  arc  lamp 
service.  If  you  could  get  his  idea  on  the  subject  it  would  be  val¬ 
uable  at  the  present  time,  and  as  to  whether  it  would  be  better  to 
use  an  Edison  tube  or  cable. 

I  send  you  herewith  enclosed,  for  your  leisurely  perusal 
the  report  of  my  effeminate  looking  friend  and  very  mild  anarchist 
"Cousins"  on  the  manufacture  of  gold  for  10  cents  an  ounce,  his 
only  fear  T6stito%  in  divulging  the  idea,  being  in  upsetting  the 
existing  state  of  suffering,  even  though  an  anarchist. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Acting  Engineer- in-Chief. 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 


New  York, . :«ar,..:29f . ISM,.. . (  hj 

Edison  tabDratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Gentlemen:  - 

We  herewith; hand  you  .’letter : from ’Wilmington  City  Elec*  Co* 
requesting : Information ; reference ;  to-  the  new  Edison -Meter* 

As  we  are  not  supplied  such,  we  would  ^respectfully  irequest 
that  yoiu  sapply  same*: 

By.  so  doing  you  will : greatly  oblige* 

Yours  truly. 

Dept  *  sf  Est*  6  -Infor. 

United  Edison;M,f’g  Co 

,  United 



/&C&S  fay-  &?%,  'ZtlLc.'—Jy  fyt  ' 

dUbaMi^r  &%&-  ofc  u  &e% 

ZosCofC**  i£i*e  4v  tyotydL  &arr%..- f*- 

■&*/*  (SeTr*? t—y,  -^U^rxj  ' :.  | 

—  tTlC-r-  Mr7\4L4*<J?' 

PlO  y%cL  CSauZi^O' 

:  ;::  :  :  . 

**  r;-c'r 

We  have  received  an  order  from  the  Laramie  Electric,^  - 

•  ^  ^ 

Gas  Light  &  Fuel  Company,  Laramie,  Wyoming,  for  a  condenser  light¬ 
ning  arrester  to  be  used  on  their  municipal  circuit;  Believing 
you  have  given  the  whole  subject  of  lightning-arresters  a  good  deW 
of  attention  recently,  we  write  to  get  your  views 'of"  the  mattV  ,  ^  O 

v  Ai  /  1 njr 

and  to  ask  if  you  can  kindly  gige  us  any  suggestions  or  improve¬ 
ments  on  the  apparatus,  such  as  was  installed  at  Reading. 

We  are  considerably  interested  in  the  general  question  of 
lightning  arresters  and  are  anxious  to  get  all  of  the  valuable  in¬ 
formal  on  of  fliia  subject  that  wecan.  Any  information  rtiich  you 
can  furnish  us  with,  we  should  be  extremely  glad  to  receive. 

Truly  yours. 

Ass't  to  Gen' 1  Manager. 

Dsar  Sir: — 

Allow  us  to  thank  you  for  yours  of  the  31st  ult., 
in  which  you  state  you  will  answer  the  letter  from  the  Wilmington 
City  Electric  Company,  asking  for  information  concerning  the  new 
Edison  meter.  Beg  to  state  that  we  should  be  glad  if  you  will 
send  us  a  copy  of  letter  which  you  send  them,  as  we  should  like  to 
get  the  information  ourselves,  very  much. 

Truly  yours, 

Ass't  to  Gen' 1  Manager 


The  Wilmington  City  Electric  Go. 

Wilmington  Del . 

Gentlemen  , 

The  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  of  65  Fifth  Avenue  N  .Y  . 

have  referred  to  us  your  letter  of  the  14th.  inst.  ,  and  we 

beg  to  say  that  Messrs.  Bergmann  &  Co.  of  298  Ave.  B.  N  .Y  . 

make  a  form  of  Edison  meter  which  is  in  several  important  res 

-pects  an  improvement  over  the  previous  type  . 

In  the  new  meter  ,  the  plates  are  of  the  same  size  from  the 

smallest  to  the  largest  meter  ,  and  are  about  half,  the  weight 

of  the  old  # 4  plate  ,  the  bottles  being  similarly  reduced . 

For  full  particulars  we  would  refer  you  to  Messrs.  Bergmann  $ 

Co.  .  The  meter  has  not  yet  been  accepted  by  the  Edison  Cos.  & 
as  the  authorised  standard  ,  but  the  official  recognition  of 

this  or  some  similar  type  may  we  believe  be  shortly  expected. 

Yours  faithfully  , 

Edison  Laboratory. 


United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

Department  of  Engineering, 


'  New  York . .Appi.i.....3pd,1890 . 189 

Mr.  A.  E.  Kennelly, 

care,  Edison's  laboratory. 

Orange,  N.  J* 

Dear  Sir  S  - 

I  had  a  telephonic  connnanieat ion  from  Mr.  Kruesi  this 
morning  concerning  the  size  of  the  feeders  for  Milwaukee.  He  3ays, 
they  have  not  made  anything  less  than  No,  250  for  two  years  past, 
and  he  thinks  that  going  back  to  150  looks  like  retrograding.  He 
was  going  to  call  yon  up  on  the  phone  to  have  a  talk  about  it, but 
as  I  thought  you  might  fail  to  get  a  clear  understanding,  I  write 
instead.  Of  oourse,  it  will  make  quite  a  difference  in  the  cost 
if  we  raised  the  number  to  250,  still  i  will  await  your  answer  oif 
the  subject  before  writing  to  Mr.  Kruesi.  I  dont  suppose  you 
contemplate  putting  any  fixed  resistance  into  the  feeders  for  Mil¬ 
waukee,  as  you  proposed  for  Ochre  Point,  as  there  will  be  12  feed¬ 
ers  out  of  the  26  in  Milwaukee,  evflh1  at  No*  150  that  will  be  large¬ 
ly  in  excess  of  the  requirements*  You  can  either  let  me  know  on 
the  phone  or  I  will  come  oyer  to  Orange  to  see  you  again* 

,  In  regard  to  the  meter  matter,  would  you  oblige  by  let¬ 
ting  me  know  just  how  far  you  have  progressed  with  it,  also  with 
the  book  of  instructions  that  you  were  looking  over?  I  have  just 

created  a  "Meter  Department",  but  until  I  get  a  fixed  standard  I 
cannot  do  very  much  with  it,  I  think  the  best  thing  under  the 
eiroumstances  is  to  let  it  go  for  some  time  just  as  it  is,  or 
rather  as  they  are,  as  Bergmann  &  Co,  have  quite  a  number  in  stock 
of  different  sizes,  made  aB  per  last  corrected  drawings,  so  if  you 
would  favor  me  with  your  opinion  on  this,  it  will  relieve  me  con¬ 

The  Buffalo  matter  will  be  completed  in  two  or  three 
days,  as  in  fact  a  good  deal  of  work  will  have  to  be  gone  over 
again,  -  A  large  number  of  the  5th  and  6th  class  dwellings  having 
been  calculated  in  before  we  received  instructions  to  pay  no  at¬ 
tention  to  them. 

Yours  very  truly. 

/Acting  Engineer- in-Chief , 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 





N ew  York, 21st . April, . .18,90 ... 

Tho  s.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  your  communication  of  the  1st  inst.,  In 
which  y at  mclose  us  bill  for  labor  and  material  in  repairing  Mr. 
John  Burke's  line  and  putting  it  in  good  condition,  in  which  you 
state  the  cause  of  the  expense  was  the  mamer  in  which  it  was  put 
in  by  this  Company.  We  will  qpass  this  bill  to  our  Construction 

department  for  emanation  and  as  soon  as  we  hear  from  them  will 
confer  with  you  further. 

Yours  truly, 

United  Edison  Mfg.  Co., 

Asst,  to  General  Manager  . 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

t  4 

Department  of  Engineering, 


New  YoRK,Aprii...23jt!d..iaao. . 1 89 


Dear  Sir  :  - 

In  taking  a  look  at  the  engine  as  erected  at  Ogden,  on 

the  18th  instant,  I  find  that  the  engine  is  certainly  different 

from  either  the  drawing  sent  with  the  engine  or  the  drawings  in 
detail  that  you  have  at  the  Laboratory,.  In  the  engine  as  erected 
there  is  no  doubt  but  that  the  steam  passes  first  around  the  jack¬ 
et  of  the  two  low  pressure-,  then  around  the  intermediate-,  and 
high  pressure- jackets  of  the  cylinders,  and  then  operated  by  the 
governor  from  the  last  mentioned  jacket  by  a  throttle  governor. 

On  the  drawing  sent  with  the  engine  and  in  the  office  at  the  Ogden 
Mills,  the  steam  is  shown  entering  the  high  pressure  cylinder  jack¬ 
et.  This  of  course  is  well  enough  with  the  exception  that  in  my 

opinion  it  is  better  to  have  all  jackets  fed  by  small  independent 
pipes,  and  drained  into  a  conrion  receptacle  as  well.  The  jacket 
of  the  high  pressure  cylinder  of  course  is  jacketed  with  prime 
steam,  the  intermediate  jacketed  from  high  pressure  receiver,  and 
the  low  pressure  jacket  jacketed  from  the  intermediate  receiver. 

As  you  will  readily  see  the  idea  of  jacketing  the  whole  of  the  low 


pressure  cylinder  with  prime  steam  is  wrong,  as  you  have  the  vacuum 
on  one  side,  at  a  temperature  that  should  not  be  over  140°-  160° 
for  about  3/4  of  a  revolution,  or,  in  other  words,  1  l/2  times  the 
length  of  the  cylinder,  acting  all  the  time  as  a  condenser.  Again, 
if  there  are  any  defects  in  castings  or  any  accidental  moving 
of  the  core  in  casting,  weak  spots  may  be  developed  that  are  li¬ 
able  to  blow  out,  and  thus  stop  the  whole  mill,  whereas  if  the 
jackets  were  fitted  up  with  small  feeders  any  accident  to  the  jack¬ 
et  would  have  no  serious  effect  whatever,  consequently,  I  would 
strongly  advise  first  the  putting  of  a  flange  over  the  steam  inlet, 
and  filling  all  jackets  up'  with  water,  and  applying  a  pressure  of 
at  least  l/Z  above  the  working  pressure  of  the  steam  to  be  used. 

This  would  show  up  any  weak  parts  liable  to  cause  trouble.  Or, 
what  I  would  consider  still  better  the  drilling  of  a  hole  into  the 
high  pressure  jacket  so  as  to  find  out  if  there  is  metal  enough 
to  bolt  steam  pipes  to  direct,  and  fit  all  other  jackets  up  by 
branches*  The  workmanship  of  the  engine  cannot  be  surpassed  and  I 
do  not  think  that  there  need  be  any  apprehension  as  to  its  ability 
to  handle  the  mill,  if  only  300  to  350  H.P„  is  required.  It  is 
very  substantially  built  and  I  consider  it  a  first  class  engine 
in  every  respect.  I  notice  however,  that  they  have  not  carried 
out  the  idea  of  economy  into  every  detail  as  the  engine  that  runs 

the  pump  is  a  “ordinary  condensing*  engine,  and  has  a  rotary 
slide  valve,  this  necessitating  very  long  passages  at  both  ends 
of  the  cylinder,  in  fact,  about  the  most  extravagant  style  of 
fengine  that  could  be  designed. 

In  regard  to  the  triple  expansion  engine  that  we  are 
getting  up,  I  would  suggest  that  your  foreman  pattern  maker  call 
and  look  over  the  drawings  as  I  want  to  post  him  on  the  subject. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Acting  Engineer  in  Chief. 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

Department  of  Engineering, 


New  York,.. .App.ii.. mh...i8.9o. . 1 89 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange ,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

Your  favor  of  April  26th  received,  with  regard  to  the 
"Ogden  Engine".  %  letter  of  the  23rd  questioned  whether  that 
engine  ever  ran  anywhere,  in  feet,  from  examination  hy  myself  of 
the  valves  and  interior  surfaces  I  am  almost  certain  that  it  is  not 
the  engine  you  suppose  ran  for  six  months.  The  nan  who  is  putting 
it  together  also  says,  in  confirmation  when  questioned  as  to  the 
matter  hy  me,  that  he  does  not  believe  steam  has  ever  been  turned 
on  the  engine,  as  the  slightest  tool  marks  still  show  on  the  work¬ 
ing  faces.  My  proposition  to  put  a  plate  over  the  steam  entrance 
as  now  provided  for,  would  be  no  alteration  and  would  only  take 
about  half  an  hour’  to  accomplish,  thus  insuring  the  engine  when 
started  up  against  possible  accidents.  This  of  course  is  entirely 
on  the  supposition  that  steam  has  never  been  on  the  engine.  I  have 
no  hesitation  in  saying  therefore,  that,  if  you  are  satisfied  in 
your  own  mind  that  it  is  the  same  eqgine,  or  that  it  has  run  prev  - 
iously ,  there  is  not  the  slightest  danger  in  starting  it  up  on  the 
mill,  as  1  said  before,  that  outside  of  the  steam  jacketing  a  better 

United  Edison  ^Manufacturing  Company,- 



New  York, . May . XT!., . J.8.9Q., . . 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir.  — 

I  have  prepared  a  comparative  statement  of  the  business 
of  the  first  six  months  of  the  present  fiscal  year  with  the  same 
months  of  last  year,  and,  thinking  you  will  be  interested  in  t  he 
figures,  send  you  copy  herewith. 

Truly  yours, 

Cash  Installations  Division, 

—  rn—  -ash  ,NstauAt,omsU,v„,on-  b  5  R  pth /Wenue  N*  w  York  '  M  a  v  |  5.LH  ,83  q 


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LAbT  YraK 


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I I 

Last  Current  p«w*,  Last  -^,4,  NW(I1K  Last  Th  , s 

Year  Year  ««««  Year  Year,  iNU<eA*t  Year  Year 

Renewal  Business 

TOTAL  R«EYM,  Sale.*,  UMP  b„Ei  P  KOPF  R  ^HANOiSEWc, 

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)6//6  i  7.  /?/,  ?/J, 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 

New  YoRKMay  .22, . 1890. . 

T.A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J 

Dear  Sir: — 

I  enclose  you  herewith  a  blue  print  giving  a  chart 
indicating  the  comparative  business  in  thie  Division  of  the  first 
six  months  of  this  fiscal  year  and  the  corresponding  months  of  the 
preceding  year. 

ftuly  yours, 


United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

Department  of  Engineering, 

44  wall  street, 

New  YoRK^ay  27th.i89o . 1 89 

Thoas  A.  Edison,  Esq, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

I  have  yours  of  May  15 th,  in  connection  with  the  adoption 
of  the  20  candle  power  lamp  in  all  future,  large  stations.  The 
idea  is  certainly  very  good  and  will  give  us  at  least  the  visible 
advantage  of  a  good  light,  as  per  your  explanation.  The  only 
extra  cost  will  be  borne  by  the  Illuminating  Company  as  the  meter 
will  still  register  the  same  amount  of  current,  and  in  considera¬ 
tion  of  the  values  received  in  more  economical  engines,  lamps,  etc. 
they-  certainly  ought  to  be  able  to  stand  it. 

I  have  just  got  back  from  Milwaukee  and  Cincinnati,  and 
find  an  immense  amount  of  work  on  hand  to  be  brought  up  to  date. 
Time  is  now  a  big  factor  in  the  installation  of  the  Milwaukee  sta¬ 
tion,  as  it  is  going  to  be  a  pretty  hard  matter  for  me  to  have  the 
engines  done  in  time.  I  am,  Sir, 

Yours  respectfully, 

Eng ineer- in-Chief . 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 

I  received  Mr«  Gouyar<r  s  letter,  also  your  note  in 
regard  tothe  transmission  plant  at  Como  and  Leadville..  X  find,  on 
figuring  it  out  that  35#  loss  in  the  conductors^- tho  least  first 
cost^to  bo  arrived  at  by  using  V^O-^eit^T-us-ing  7350  volts  at 
tho  generator.  If  their  power  is  too  valuable  to  waste  that 
amount  and  it  would  pay  to  waste  only  30#,  we  sho  Id  then  have 
for  thehighest  economy  and  the  least  first  cost9100  volts  at  tho 

generator.  The  cost  of  the  two  cases  is  as 'follows, 

35#  loss  in  the  conductors. 

Generators  $62.  per  h.p 

Conductors,  .$32.  per  h.p. 

Motors,  $40.  tier  h.p., 

Total,  '  $  134.  per  h.p. 

30#  loss  in  the  conductors, 

Generators,  $57. 

Conductors,  $24. 

Motors,  $40. 


The  initial  e.m. f.  9100. 

I  have  assumed  the  distance  of  175,000  feet  and  have  figured 
on  a  cost  of  motors  and  generators  of  $40.  per  746  Watts  at  tho 
brushes,  which  is  a  sufficient  margin  above  the  shop  price  to 


T»  A.E. ,  S, 

Sivo  us  a  liandsome  profit. 

Truly  yours, 

•  Cash  Installations  Division, 

.Gen1 1  Manager 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  J 

Dear  Sir:  — 

New  York.  July  1.  1890. 

I  have  yours  of  the  27th  ult.  I  omitted  in  my  pre¬ 
vious  letter  to  enclose  a  copy  of  the  letter  wh  ch  I  had  sent  to 
Mr. Gouyard,  presenting  figures  in  the  case  ahd  a  certain  estimate. 
I  send  copy  of  letter  to  you  herewith. 

Truly  yours,, 

gen'  1  Manager 

1  enc 


June  24th,  1890. 

G.  M.  Gouyard,  Esq. ,  . 

Care  J.  H.  Oragg, 

Telephone,  Leadville,  Col. 

Dear  Sir: — 

Your  fevor  of  the  16th  inst,  enclosing  letter  of 
the  16th  from  Prank  W. . Owers,  has  been  referred  by  Mr.  Edison  to 
me  for  reply. 

I  understand  the  case  to  be  one  in  which  power  is  comparative 
ly  cheap  at  a  distance  of  thi  rty  five  miles  from  you.  I  have, 
therefore,  proceeded  on  a  basis  of  a  loss  in  the  conductors 
transmitting  electrical  energy  of  35#.  Then  there  is  the  loss 
in  the  generators  and  in  the  motors  and  would  make  the  net  recovery 
at  the  point  of  use  50#  of  the  original  power  given  to  the  dynamo. 

It  will,  of  course,  be  impossible  for  us  to  give  youfigures 
upon  the  cost  of  construction  of  the  pole  line,  etc.,  w  thout  hav¬ 
ing  a  survey  madeof  the  reoute  over  which  the  line  is  to  run. 

We  can,  however  give  you  figures  of  the  cost  of  the  genera¬ 
tors,  of  the  conductors  and  of  the  motors,  all  delivered  f.  o.b. 
here  at  our  factory.  The  co*t  of  these  parts  of  the  plant  will  ne 
as  follows,  for  1000  h.p.  de'Jivered. 

Generators,  ’ 


Mot  ors. 


This  plant  wi 11  require  an  initial  electrical  pressure  of 
7500  in  order  to  operate  at  the  lea  t  first  cost  and  the  highest 
economy.  The  cost  of  the  power  will  be  that  due  to  interest  on  the 
investment,  plus  KXHX^t  double  the  amount  of  the  original  cost  of 
power.  .... 

If,  as  I  suppose,  your  power  .at  the  source  is  from  very 
cheap  coal,  such  as  slack  coal,  the  original  cost  per  h.p.  vail 
not  exceed  $10.  per  annum,  for  ten  hours  a  day.  The  cost  of  the 
total  plant  probably  be,  approximately,  $200,000.  from  this  we 
find  that  the  interest  upon  the  investment  at  6#  will  cause  a  cost 
of  power  delivered  of  $12.  per  h.p.  and  since  only  hal^-of  the 
original  power^delivered  ,  there  will  be  an  additional  amount  of 
$20.  per  h.p.  on  this  account,  so  that  the  total  cost  of  the  h.p. 
delivered  per  ten  hours  per  day,  I  figure  atabout  $32.  per  h.p. 
These  figures  will  probably  enable  you  to  judge  of  the  feasibility 
of  the  scheme. 

'  In  case  there  is  any  further  information  we  can  give  you, 
should  be  pleasedto  have  you  call  upon  us  at  once. 

Truly  yourq 

H. Ward  Leonard, 

. Gen'  1  Manager. 





1890.  Electric  Railway  (D-90-39) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison’s  involvement  in  electric  railways.  Most  of  the  documents  pertain  to 
the  business  and  legal  affairs  of  the  Sprague  Electric  Railway  and  Motor  Co. 
Included  also  is  a  lengthy  memorandum  by  Edison  about  railway  motors  and 
generators.  Much  of  the  correspondence  is  by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  business 
correspondence  and  memoranda;  letters  of  transmittal;  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-33  (Electric  Light  -  Edison 
General  Electric  Company  -  General). 

1/  . 


/  Hew  York  City,  January  25,  18 So . 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  L  / 

Mr.  Thurston  has  rendered  his  opinion  to  Mr.  Villard  on 
the  i’ield  Electric  Railway  Patent .  He  thinks  all  the  claims  are 
invalid  except  the  second  which  he  thinks  is  good  in  law,  and  pro¬ 
bably  valuable  if  electric  railways  are  forced  by  legislation  to  use 
conduits  instead  of  overhead  conductors. 

He  writes  me  that  it  is  "the  worst  patent  ever  dealt 
with  to  got  at  its  meaning".  He  thinks  it  is  valuable  to  the 
General  Co.,  "as  fencing  stuff",  but  that  "no  lar&e  price  should  be 
pai  d'  fo  r  it "  .  u 

Please  excuse  my  printed  signature  to  this  note,  as  I  shall 
bo  out  when  it  is  transcribed. 

Very  truly  yours. 

/  r?  0-  GV-  07 

Sprc><i  o 

April  7th,  1890. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

My  dear  Edison:— 

They  are  pulling  our  leg  in  Nashville^  and  I  am  ge4 
ting-  up  affidavits  to  clean  them  up  like  we  did  at  Eau  Claire. 

I  have  prepared  tfc.  one  !  eon 

.  * a.  a  wear  uo 

XSKand  return  to  me  by  bearer,  who  will  stay  until  he  EetsTZ^ 
as  tame  is  important. 

Yours  truly. 

oy  _  £(.{'?' C, 


/■<t0 (  EQUITABLE  Bl 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Electric  Railway  Co.  of  the  u.S.  Enclosed  please, 
find  one  copy  of  a  proposed  Release  from  you  to  the  said  Railway 
Co.,  touching  the  $60,000.  Y6u:will  observe  that  the  Light  Co. 
has  consented,  at  the  top  of  page  three,  to  your  signing  it. 

Please  sign  at  the  bottom  of  the  second  page,  opposite  the  seal. 

To  avoid  confusion,  I  should  state  that  this  document 
takes  the  place  of  a  similar  Release  which  you  executed  Monday. 

No  substantial  change  has  been  made,  the  only  change  being  one  of 
form.  Will  you  kindly  execute  this  Release  and  send  it  back  to 
me  by  bearer,  and  oblige. 

Very  truly  yours, 

(PculJm-S^  -  iJd*  c/Ccvf  • 


-Jsuv  office# 


yfjet/y  I7thr  isgn. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N,  J. 

Dear  Sir! 

Re  Electric  Railway  of  United  States.  I  return  you  here¬ 
with  the  three  papers  in  reference  to  this  matter,  which  1  recently 
obtained  frcm  you  for  use  in  the  Betti  anent  of  the  differences  be¬ 
tween  Field  and  Edison  interests,  the  same  being  my  letter  of  Octo¬ 
ber  1st,  1888  to  you,  a  copy  of  my  letter  of  February  14,  1885,  to 
D.  D.  Field,  Esq.,  and  a  copy  of  the  Supplemental  Agreement  between 
the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  and  yourself,  dated  February  4th, 

Kindly  accept  my  thanks  for  the  loan  of  the  same,  and 
acknowledge  their  receipt,  and  oblige, 

Very  truly  yours. 

Thomas  A.  Bdison,  Bsq.,  — ^ 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:. 

I  send  you  herewith,  for  your  file,  a  oopy  of  the  release 
fran  yourself  to  the  Bleotric  Railway  Company  of  the  United  States, 
dated  April  29th,  1890»  the  same  beine  an  axaot  oopy  of  the  origins 
al  release  executed  by  you  and  now  in  your  possessioi 
Very  truly  yours. 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Oranga,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sirs- 


<yl/cw &#;'/(>■  _Mr»  gawd,  1R9Q 

/  *  Mo 

Re  Electric  Railway  of  the  United  States.  i  return  you 
th.  oopy  «,  opinion  t0  you„  obllB.t|(>na  t0  tura  oi9r 
to  th,  lisht  Company  futw,  i„vo„tl„„,  ,.lati„g  to  W(. 

.07.  Oat.*  «ar.h  »th.  1889.  KlmUy  ,o„„.lrtCT  „4 



^leetrie  f^ailu;ay#p^otor  (&o. 


Chicago..  Hay  2S,  i  sgp. 

Orange,  Sew  York. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison:-' 

Enclosed  herewith  please  find  a  oiroular  which  came  to-  me 
through  Col.  W.  H.  Hardy  of  Meridian,  Miss.  This  gentleman  is  a>K>ut  to  build  a 
snort  road  near  Meridian,  is  well  knotm  as  an  Engineer  and  Steam  Railway  Con-’ 
tractor..  I  have  induced  him  to  consider  Electricity  as  a  motive  Dower,  and  he 
has  concluded  to-  communicate  direct  with  you-  upon  the  subject  of  using  it  in 
connection  with  the  Boynton  System.  Thinking  it  probable  that  he  might  neglect 
to  enclose  a  descriptive  circular  of  the  latter,  I  do  so- 

Things  here  are  decidedly  mixed.  Barclay,  Harding  &  C.  C.. 
Warren  having  cut  prices  to-  such  an  extent  that  it  is  difficult  to;  make  the 
average  Western  investor  sign  contracts  at  our  prices.  Still  we  are  holding  our 
own.-  Warren  is  by  long  odds  the  best  of  the  trio;.  He  soon  is  to  open  Westinghouse 
offices  for  Electric  Railway  work  in  New  York  Gity  and  the  competition  will  then 
become  just  so  much  less  in  this  territory.. 

Hoping  that  Col.  Hardy  ..may  be  induced  to  adopt  our  system  i 


Thos..  A 

Very  sincerely 

rocoivoA  by  Spra^uo  El oc trie  Railway  & 

Stroot  Car  Motors  and  Generators 

hs  fran  December  let  t 

10th,  1890 

Bio  location  of  i’oads  equipped  as  par  annexed  statement,  is 
as  folio ws:- 

Akron  ,  Ohio, 
Asheville,  IT.  C. 

Augus tu,  Oa.  • 
Baltimore,  Hu* 

Berlin,  Germany, 

P. ingl lamton ,  IT.-  y. 
Erockt on ,  Mass • 

Butte  City,  Montana, 
Canton,  Ohio. 
Chattanooga,  Ton”.  • 
Chester,  Pa. 

Chicago,  Ills. 
Cleveland,  Ohio, 
Colorado  Springs,  Cold 
Columbus,  Ohio. 

Dallas,  Texas’. 
Devonport,  la. 

Donver,  Colo.  • 

Dos  Moines,  la. 

Dotroit,  Mich. 

Dubuque,  la-. 

Elgin,  Ills. 

Erie,  Pa." 

Port  Worth  ?  Texas. 
Koamoy,  Neb* 

Keokuk,  la. 

Laredo,  Texas-. 

LaSalle,  Ills'. 
Lexington,  Kyv 
London,  Eng. 

Los  Angblos,  Gala. 
Milwaukee,  V/i a . 
Minneapolis,  Minn. 

Moline,  Ills. 
Nashville,  Tenn  (2) 
Newark,  IT.  J. 

Newurk,  Ohio-. 

Omaha,  Hob. 

Paducah,  Ky. 

Pi  qua ,  Ohio. 

Portland,  Oro.  (2) 

Port  Townsend,  Wash. 
Providenco,  K.  I. 
Quincy,  Mass. 

Reading,  Pa.  (a) 
Riclmond,  Va.  (3) 

Sal  can.  Mass-. 

Salem,  IT.  C. 

Salem, .Oregon, 

Salt  Lake,  Utah. 

San  Antonio,  Texas. 
Sandflsky,  Ohio, 
Scranton,  Pa. 

--oclalia,  Mo. 

Sioux  City,  la. 

Sioux  Palls,  S.  Dakota, 
St.  .Toseph,  Mo. 

St.  Louis ,  Ho.- 
St.  Paul,  Minn. 

Tokio,  Japan, 

Troy,  IT.  Y. 

Utica,  N.  Y. 

West  Bay  City,  Mich. 
V/ilkes-Barro,  Pa. 
Wilmington,  Del . 
Winston,  IT.  C. 

New  York  City,  June  16,  1890. 



Bear  Mr.  Edison: 

,  Here  is  my  attempt  to  solve  the  troublesome  question 

of  taking  care  of  Mr.  Wise.  My  plan  was  to  put  him  on  the  same 
basis  as  myself,  except  that  he  is  to  have  the  advantage  of  a  finn 
contract  for  another  year  while  my  contract  may  be  terminated  on 
three  months  notice  at  any  time. 

Mr.  Wise  declines  to  accept  this  proposition  and 
matters  are  at  a  standstill.  He  is  not  worth  what  he  thinks  ho 

Very  truly  yours. 

{/■  tr  c  /  ‘y  /jp'x) 

(1)  Eaton  &  Lewis  to  move  their  office  to  then® 
Edison  Building,  and  to  pay  rent  there  like  any  other 
tenant  for  whatever  space  they  occupy. 

(2)  The  present  contract  with  Mr.  Eaton  as  General 
Counsel,  to  continue,  but  the  Company  to  have  the  right 
to  terminate  it  at  any  time  on  three  months  notice.  Mr. 
Eaton  to  work  as  now  at  the  rate  of  §40.  a  day. 

(3)  The  present  contract  ending  September  1,  1891, 
between  Mr.  Wise  and  the  Sprague  Company  to  be  cancelled. 
Mr.  Wise  to  open  an  office  of  his  own  in  the  new  Edison 
Building  or  elsewhere,  as  he  chooses,  and  to  take  other 
business  not  in  conflict  with  the  General  Co. 

(4)  Mr.  Wise  to  serve  this  Company,  at  same  rate  as  I 
Mr.  Eaton,  $40.  per  diem,  with  $10.  a  day  extra  when  away 
from  home,  besides  Railway  fares  ,  and  the  Company  to 
guarantee  that  his  employment  shall  amount  to  at  least 
at  the  rate  of  §6,000.  a  year  from  now  until  September  1,  | 

(5)  The  above  places  Mr.  Eaton  and  Mr.  Wise  upon  the 
same  basis  as  regards  compensation,  i.e.  a  guaranteed  em¬ 
ployment  of  <,?6,Q00.  a  year,  but  Mr.  Eaton  can  be  dis¬ 
missed  at  any  time  on  three  mon-Has  notice,  whereas  Mr. 

Vase  has  a  firm  contract  for  fifteen  months.  Let  the  i 
Company  decide  hereafter  what  arrangement,  if  any,  shall 
be  made  with  Mr.  Wise  after  September  1,  1891. 

jk  cUj.  umz, 

j2W  - 
(j(sdHr - 




- - - 



n  Sending. 

. (ykc 

. & 

n  Receiving 

S'.  A  6 

From  whom  received: 
To  whom  sent : 


sz . •SM',... . 




[\<i  M 


a  ,?.  VS 

The  following  message  has  just  bean  telephoned 
from  Eaton  &  Lewis’s  office:  / 

Major  Eaton  has  not  received  the  North  American  Company 
contract  for  Electrical  Railroad  from  their  lawyer,  Mr.  Wetmore, 
although  he  promised  that  h6  would  send  it.  Possibly  Mr.  Wetmore 
nay  send  it  to  Major  Eat orJ during  the  day,  or  on  Monday  morning. 

In  that  case  Major  Eaton  Will  visit  Mr .:  Edison  at  the  Laboratory 


*0»i  - 



Our  Railroad  People  think  it  very  important  that  you  at¬ 
tend  the  Railroad  Convention  to  be  held  at  Buffalo,  starting  Wednes¬ 
day  morning  next.  Is  it  possible  for  you  to  take  the  six  o'clock 
train  Tuesday  night  for  Buffalo,  remaining- there  Wednesday  and 
Thursday,  and  be  home  Friday  Morning.  All  our  opponents  will  be 
very  active  there,  and  if  you  can  attend  personally,  our  people 
think  that  our  business  will  be  very  beneficially  affected  by  your 

Please  reply  by  telephone  to  Sehanectady. 


/  ■ 

/  'I  I  <yl?Ctf;  '&Or/&Qxi+. nhoi-  TT ,  T«OQ . 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


Bear  Sirs 

Re  Car  Truck  Patents.  Please  find  enclosed  for  your 
files  a  carbon  copy  of  a  roport  on  this  subject  made  to  Mr.  In- 
sull,  dated  the  10  th.  inst.  Mr.  Vansize  is  still  at  work  on 

21' yl  .  V*?T:8’  8"d  1  8ha11  rorort  t0  in  detail 

when  he  s-ts  further  along.  Unfortunately,  he  is  constantly 

•"  a“?°unt  of  actlvity  in  electric  railway  patent 
litigation,  m  which  he  is  qualifying  himself  to  be  ourprinci- 
pal  expert*  /  1 

Please  reatin  the  enclosed  for  your  files,  and  oblige 
Very  truly  yours. 


(O-obyithS  /  (T  /YtfO'i 


Mew  York  City,  October  10, 1890 

Erlison  0 -.moral  Electric  Cor 
Samuel  Xnsull,  Kuq.,  ■ 

Door  Sir: 

He  Brill  SJrusk  Paw 
pursuant  to  yottr  request  t! 
amined,  and  please  find 

fntarits  have  boar 
he  to  a  lengthy-  ox- 
Vansiso  JU3t  rcc. 

Thoso  patents  arc  upon  oar  trucks  nor  so,  and  upon 
tha  combi nation  of  car  trucks  with  an  eicbtric  motor 
ouprcrtul  thereon.  ?ho  patents  arc  broad  a--d  appear  to 
bQ  valid  and  will  £ ive  a  monopoly,  Possibly  an  ex- 
Inv-istive  soar eh  in  iho  T.ibrury  at  Washington  and  elao-' 
ivboro  may  disclose  anticipations  to  some  of  the 
claims  in  thosa  patents,  but  oar  investigations  thus  far 
have  not  result od  in  finding  any, 

Yho  broad  featuro  of  these  patents  is  a  frame  for 
the  motor,  supported  on  the  axle  boxes.  The  car  body 
is  also  supported  on  the  axle  boxes  by  springe.  Tho 
motor  frame  is  devised  to  .ovoid  vibration.  An  "inda- 
pendant  rigid  truck"  is  defined  as  one  in  which  the 
motor  and  operated  mechanism  is  connected  with  tho. axles 
or  trucks,  leaving  the  car  body  susceptible  of  removal, 
and  tho  rigidity  is  got  by  the- frame. 

Ur.  Grill  personally  gave  me  the  patents  covered  in 
tne  annexed  report,  and  stated  that  he  had  applications 
still  pending  for  other  controlling' features. 

I  should  add  that  wo  are  making's  thorough  oxamina- 
numhJ;f  r11  £"ln*S?  ''*?*  fcm'  trusk  Patc-ntB  about  700  in 
*’  •  >  J°r  bison's  benefit,  but  it  will  be  come 
little  time  before  we  finish  this. 

hoping  you  will  find. this  report  satisfy- ♦o-v  and 
awaiting  your  further  instructions.  I  '  ’  1 




rb  sium.  patskts  on  oar  4  trucks. 

Extract  from  Report  of  Mr.  Vans  iso  to  Mr..  Eaton 
Bated  October  8th,  2800. 

J.A.  and  (5. M. Brill,  or  one  of  thorn,  have 
U.s. patents,  some  upon  si ir  trucks  jiur  jso  and  sane  upon 
the  somaination  of  oar  truofcs  with  an  electric  or  equi¬ 
valent  motor  «»pporto.I  thereon.  3»  far  as  ny  invosti- 
gations  have  been  serried,  these  patents  appear  to  be 
j?-ood  ar.d  valid  and  pi v5?  said  firm  a  monopoly  of  t!in  com¬ 
binations  and  arranROmonta  si  aimed.  There  are  said  to 

bo  several  rendin.?  aprli sat ions  bat  with  regard  to 
those  I  have  no  reliably  accurate  information. 

The  shares  tori otis  and  broadest  Posture  of  the 
Brill  patents  is  the  use  of  a  frame  supported  on  the 
axle  boxes,  preferably  located  at  or  below  the  axle  linn, 
fho  car  body  1 B  srrlno-surror&ort  upon  the  axle  boxes, 
f  13  nlotor  so  arranged  that  vortical  vibration 

is  avoiasd  as  Is  the  aide  movement  due  to  the  end-r/lao 
.nrust  of  t!io  axles.  Hover  ml  of  the  intents  d"ae’-)  b  ■> 
and  claim  mechanical  devises  for  more'  perfectly  »e*-o«- 
^HhM,huS  OAn  0**>'i°roftdent  rir-id  truck* “is 

doc.ninol,  by  which  is  meant  enah  2  -onst-ic'  ion  th*t  th., 
ear  body  may  be  lifted  off  the  truck  iSvinJ' To  Xnina 
Rear  and  propel  ling  apparatus  un  listmbod  or  »indep«"l"?* 

SrSSfSvi L'SKt*  ~  “*  -  - 

tanta?10  f0lle,rlns  18  s  ras«=’  of  the  Brill  pa- 

lo'/tbe33!’  i  frSm°  -W  a,,rro,'ti"«  i!’~  motor  locate.!  bo-'n  ^.u  3r,;i  80  SU3f'}ado.i  as  to  avoid  the  vi- 

b-a.ionoi  the  car  body  and  the  end  thrust  of  the  axles. 
h'  claimed  eomoir.ations  include  sills  far  the  -a*,  bodv 
axle  box  pedestals;  axle  boxes  loosely  supported  in  arid 
J™'  9&4dl°*  -rporte;  on  the  axle  boxes;  * 

f.4no&  vhL'mP  the  '-:akUo6  ^destals;  the  said 

rssrs.^*n  & «t«5sr 

«*•£?£•£!!•  iVGP’C3;  th0  fiirnishoa 

ways.  '  ’  a  Grl*’  “W’ortt.  ror  cable  rail- 

:r°‘3V^S*  +  i  *l0'a  at  one  end  and  a  two 

'•‘the”5  sa"  hae  two  oornpart- 
- -^-edby  a  vestibule;  entrance  at  outside 




"■5nV;“i  or  the  our.  The  four  tfhool  truck  has  a 
frame,  and  beams  extend  cross  ways  or  the  car, 
leaving  a  aij asm  spnoe  bo  tween  she  four  •.vheels  with¬ 
in  which  is  an  electric  lector.  There  is  a  claim 
for  a  car  trunk;  bolsters  running  fron  oirle  to  3i,lo 
or  the  truck ,  a  1  urge  central  opening  or  frame;  and 
«n  electric  motor  auppertod  within  said  apace. 

Wo, 418*438.  The  brake  rod  nnd  brake  apparatus  is  located 
near  the  surface  oi‘  the  ground  below  the  motor  so  a  a 
not  to  interfere  with  the  space  usually  devoted  to 

r'o.dlil, -idl .  The  tto  called  “in dor  cedent  rigid  truck0 
defined  as  one  Li,  which  the  noser  end  fell  opora- 
tivo  moehaniun  its  aon-ostei  with  she  axles  or  • 
truaka  leaving  the  car  body  s  .iscvptiblo  or  removal, 
bo. 413, bed.  A  edification  of  tha  i-idcpun.-iont  rigid 

swinging  motion  on  the  axle  boxes  due'  to  tho"use3ef 
link  connections;  -arcs.-  bars  rest  on  top  or  iho 
axis  boxes  or  on  interposed  spring  cushions;  these 
link  connections  arc  detachable  tc  provide  for  re¬ 
moving  the  axles  with  the  is-  wheels,  at-. 

Wo.48r>,0*3.  Th«  truck  h,«  »  top  frame  uf  iron,  sub¬ 
stantially  a  rectangle;  axle  box  pedestals  squared 
thereon  rigidly  secure!  to  the  ctr  body  sills  to 
c tvcn£‘i.,*«3ji  ssii  cilli:  «jvi  zc  yvyr/ant  z hOiv2  £i*om 
sVproo  iing  the  car  body  is  removably  fixed  to  this 

il",  -in/,  0i3:j.  ‘file  truck  has  side  frianos  connected  with 
the  axle  box  padostala  and  independent  of  v-.o  t>-iok 
or  car  springs;  cross  bac  connect  Log  said  sido* 
frames  and  an  electric  motor  supported  on  said 
cross  bars  in  gear  with  the  sxlo*.  Tho  truck  has 
also  a-iort  sectional  bole  tors  on  each  aide  of  the  -v^j. 
and  hop arss a  pivot  and  rub  platoe  bstvoon  each  bol¬ 
ster  sootier  and  trie  car  body. 

No.  4£3,008.  A  specific  rows  of  construction,  in  r  ich 
a  -rams  is  spring  supported  to  receive  the  car  body 
and  a  second  JVspiq  is  rigidly  suprortod  on  tho 
axles  to  curry  tho  motor. 

Ko. 430* 4X8.  Specific  mechanical  devices  for  a upporting 
a  frame  to  carry  a  sand  box  and  a  motor* 

:!o.4.JM, rib.  This  is  a  detaiiod  mechanical  modification 
cr  the  first  Brill  patent.  The  axle  box  in  set  into 
and  *  part  of  tho  ramo;  Springs  supporting  th- 
ee.r  ody  frame  are  set  upon  this  frame;  said  frnrio 
nay  thus  be  lifted  off  tho  axles. 

Ho".  dbd.Oda.  The  combination  of  upper  longitudinal 
cherts  adapted  to  bo  rigidly  secured  to  the  or- 
body  having  rodoatols  squared  thereon,  ff«  Iowa- 




longiirtdinal  chords  extending  aprroxinarotely  from 
end  to  end  of  and  connected  to  tho  upper  -sherds, 
truss  or  brass  rods  and  holts  connecting  said  upp st¬ 
and  lower  chords  intermediate  of  the  podostals  to 
form  a  truss  and  cross  bars  5  on  no  .3 1  da"  said  trusses 
for  the  purpose  of  on pportinjj  a  motor. 

■1  aO,3ls'i.  A  motor  located  entirftfty  above  iha  car 

floor;  tils';  cor  floor  nay  b>:  daproeaod  to  secure  thio 
result;  one  ond  M*  motor  journalled  on  ear  axio, 
other  and  a  ippurtod  on  car,  disdains  a  motor 
journalled  at  one  ond  on  axle  and  partly  pro- 
J  noting  above  the  «*r  floor,  as  old. 

(S&8,  -Specific  mechanism  for  supporting  the  motor 
above  the  car  i‘l  rr.  Thnro  ia  an  upright  arm  fixed 
to  the  car  floor,  one  ond  of  the  motor  i3  spring 
supported  from  this;  the  other  ond  oi’  tho  motor 
ia  socurod  to  an  am  mounted  on  tho  car  axle. 

4:iC,  VUfJ.  Thors  is  a  low  hanging  frame  suspended 
directly  upon  tho  axle  boxes;  the  motor  x:-<  bolted  to 
tliie  frtt-e  or  hung  f rwn  bolts  and  thoro  are  elastic 
cushions  between  tho  bolts  and  the  frame;  tho  bolt 
holes  are  slots  to  allow  for  movement  in  rounding 
curves;  in  tho  motor  frame  is  the  counter  shaft.  The 
y oh o.s  project  from  the  motor  frames  end  envelop-  or 
surround  without  resting  upon  tho  car  axle;  this  is 
be  maintain  alignment  when  rounding  curves.  The 
yoAes  are  called  "guide  arras*. '  Tho  alai-s  «ovop  a 
motor  supported  on  a  frame  independent  of  springs 
and  having  guide  arms  to  preserve  tho  alignment.  ' 



,yf£w  jj^yOet.  16.  1890. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Dear  Sirs 

i w*-" 

Re  Jones  Invention  for  Connecting  Circuit*! 
Ground  where  Trolley-Wire  Breaks.  I  beg  to  say  that  Mrf“lnsull , 
in  behalf  of  the  General  Co.,,  wishes  to  know  whether  this  inven¬ 
tion  is  worth  purchasing.  Mo  price  has  been  talked  of. 

I  took  Mr.  Vansize  to  see  the  device  and  have 
just  received  his  rport,  dated  the  I  3th  inst,,  which  with  one 
other  document,  please  find  enclosed. 

Have  you  any  suggestions  to  make  as  to  whether 
we  ought  ,to  dicker  for  this  invention.  Mr.  Jones  has  recently 
•filed  an  application  for  a  patent  on  it. 

In  replying  to  this  letter  will  you  kindly  re¬ 
turn  the  enclosures,  and  oblige, 

Very  truly  yours. 

General  Counsel. 

'  °l  l<C-  Uv  <rtXT~v-^  ^  o^ycr^A 

O  Q  &c'- 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  _ 

Re  N.A.Co.  Railway  Contract.  I  have  been  waiting  for 
ten  days,  that  is  since  a  week  ago  last  Friday  for  Mr.  Marcus  to 
bring  the  N.A.  Company  to  time.  At  an  interview  today  between 
Mr.  Marcus,  Insull  and  me,  the  former  represented  what  the  N.A.Co. 
would  do.  I  at  once  put  it  into  print  and  have  just  sent  it  to 
Mr.  Wright.  He  does  most  of  the  commenting  at  the  Board  meeting  on 
this  matter.  I  hope  to  get  it  back  from  Wright  tomorrow.  Then  I 
shall  at  once  revise  the  entire  contract  on  the  nev/  line  of  the 
N.A.Co.  and  have  it  printed.  In  this  as  in  all  masters  you  can 
depend  that  my  share  of  the  work  will  be  done  withojA  delay. 

Sincerely  yours,  '' 

New  York  City  ,  Oct.  22nd,  1890. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Re  Edison  and  Ii.A.Co.  Electric  Railway  Inventions 
Contract.  I  have  seen  both  Mr.  Wright  and  Mr  Marcus  today.  Wright, 
will  not  yield.  I  finally  told  him  that  I  would  go  ahead  and 
draw  a  new  contract  principally  on  his  lines,  but  that  it  would 
probably  prove  a  waste  of  time  because  we  would  probably  have  to 
vote  him  down  in  the  Board  Meeting.  He  said  all  right. 

The  rnanin  point  of  difference  is  this.  Supposing 
The  N.A.Co.  advances  all  the  money  required  to  complete  the  in¬ 
ventions  and  to  demonstrate  their  value,  and  supposing  that  in  con¬ 
nection  with  the  introduction  of  these  inventions  into  use  it  be¬ 
comes  necessary  to  employ  the  inventions  covered  by  the  old  Sprage 
patents  or  some  old  Edison  patents,  or  some  othwr  old  patents  be¬ 
longing  to  the  Light  Co.  or  the  Sprague  Co.,  shall  any  royalty  be 
charged  against  the  new  inventions  in  which  the  N.A.Co.  are  in¬ 
terested,  consequence  of  such  use  of  any  old  patents?  Mr, 
Marcus  and  the  N.A.Co.  say  that  we  ought  to  agree  in  the  contract 
that  no  such  royalty  will  be  charged.  On  the  other  hand,  Mr. 
Wright  claims  that  we  are  not  to  tie  our  hands  at  all  in  this  re¬ 
gard.  He  says  that  the  General  Co.  must  reserve  the  right  to 
charge  licenses  to  any  extent  if  it  wants  to.  You  see  there  4s  a 
wide  difference  between  these  two  views. 


Re  Railway  Truck  Patents.  Recently  you  told  me  to  have 
Mr.  Vansize  go  through  this  matter  and  then  tell  you  the  results 
of  his  work.  There  are  over  700  patents  and  he  has  gone  over  them 
cursorily.  The  question  now  arises  how  his  time  shall  be  utili¬ 
zed  for  the  next  week  or  two.  Y/e  need  him  in  a  good  many  differ¬ 
ent  directions  all  at  the  sametime,  and  the  qtiestion  is  which  one 
of  these  things  is  the  most  important.  One  of  them  is  this  matter 
of  the  railway  truck  patents.  V/e  can  spare  him  for  that  work  in 
preference  to  everything  else  if  you  deem  it  of  sufficient  import¬ 
ance.  Bo  you?  Shall  he  give  up  everything  else  and  make  a 
thorough  analysis  of  truck  patents  in  preference  to  all  other  wok 
forthwith?  Kindly  send  me  your  instructions  in  the  above  regard, 
and  oblige. 

Edison  General  Electric.  Co. 



NOTE  Thi*  confirmation  should  be  checked  with  the  original  message  Immedlatelg  on  receipt.  It  will 
_ oe  assumed  to  be  correct  unless  advised  to  the  contrary  by  telephone. 

Name  of  Person  Sending. 

Name  of  Person  Iteeelviny.  j 



. — . Miss-Kei-nel-1 . — -j 

- - — Pelzer . .....j 

. 12  A. I'. . | 

- . . 12/22 - iso 

From  whom  received. 
To  whom  sent, 

Mr  Samuel  Instill,  SecondVice  President 

A  Mr  Elwell  ,  Treasurer  and  representative  of  the  Gibbons 
Rail  ,  for  use  in  connection  with  3treet.  car  work  may  come  to  you 
asking  your  indorsement  on  the  rail  / 

Please  do  not  give  it,  as  if  you  do  it  will  make  all 
other  rail  manufacturers  hostile  to  us  ,  If  he  cones  to  you  at 
all,  or  to  whomsoever  he  may  come,  please  refer  him  back  to  me  , 
as  we  want  to  occupy  a  neutral  position  in  relation  to  all  such 
outside  matters  , 

My  own  impression  is  that  these  poeple  want  to  float 
the  stock  of  their  company  on  the  recomnendation  which  they  think 


they  can  get  from  you 

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1890.  Exhibitions  (D-90-40) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  concerning 
electrical  and  industrial  exhibitions  in  France,  Germany,  and  the  United 
States.  Included  are  letters  concerning  the  exhibition  of  the  phonograph  and 
other  Edison  inventions  at  the  Minneapolis  Industrial  Exposition.  Many  of 
the  letters  are  by  Francis  R.  Upton,  general  manager  of  the  Edison  General 
Electric  Co.  Lamp  Works.  There  is  also  an  80-page  catalog  describing 
Edison  s  inventions  exhibited  at  the  Minneapolis  Industrial  Exposition. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  unsolicited  requests, 
without  a  significant  reply,  asking  Edison  to  participate  in  exhibitions; 
advertising  circulars;  letters  of  transmittal;  other  routine  correspondence; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

I  have  seen  Mr.  Upton  and  he  will  be  at  the 
Laboratory  on  Saturday  afternoon. 

Will  you  kindly  write  Mr.  Hairmer  on  receipt  of  this  letter, to 
meet  Messrs.  Edison  and  Upton  on  that  date?  I  think  that  every¬ 
thing  can  be  satisfactorily  arranged  there  and  then. 

In  order  to  make  everything  harmonious  and  pleasant, it  would 
be  wise  for  you  to  tell  Mr.  Hammer  that  I  am  very  anxious^  to  have 
him  and  no  one  .else  at  the  head  of  the  technical  Department. 

Mr.  Hanmer's  address  is  23  Rowland  Street,  Newark,  N.J. 

I  waited  to  hear  from  you  yesterday, but  without  result. 

I  wanted  to  say  to  you  that  Mr.  Upton  will  explain  everything  to 
you  before  the  interview  with  Mr.  Hanmer. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Director  General  Edison  Exposition,  1890. 

A. 0. Tate  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.J. 




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HARRISON.  N.  J .!.th, . /.is90 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretaiy, 

Laboratory  of  T.  A.  Edison,  V  Y/"-3 

Orange,  M..T.  /y  ^  /■  j 

Dear  Sir:-  J  A  ^ 

Your  favor  of  March  19th  to  hand.  Regarding  the  expens  es 
of  the  Paris  Exposition  we  call  your  attention  to  our  letter  of 
December  18th  1888,  copy  of  which  is  annexed. . 

Mr.  Edison  proposed  at  that  time  that  he  would  put  all 
the  apparatus  relating  to  his  various  inventions  in  good  condition, 
bearing  the  expense  of  it  himself,  as  it  did  not  seem  to  be  a 
matter  in  which  the  Edison  General  Go.  were  concerned,  and  as  the 
apparatus  would  be  returned  to  Mr.  Edison  after  thetExposition, 
that  part  of  it  being  his  personal  exhibit. 

We  desire  to  reach  prompt  conclusion  of  this  Exposition 
matter,  for  we  have  considered  that  the  statement  referred  was  the 
final  one  and  have  so  stated  to  the  other  parties  in  interest. 

We  must  expressly  do  not  wish  to  be  put  in  the  position 
of,  in  any  way  crowding  upon  Mr.  Edison  expenses  that  were  not 
definitely  and  expressly  and  voluntarily  accepted  by  him  before  the  j 
Exposition  was  start  ed.  RegaEdingrthegmafitag  of  Phonograph 
charges,  the  arrangement  was  made  between  Mr.  Edison  &  Mr.  Hanmer  i 
and  the  charges  were  made  by  us  in  accordance  with  Mr.  Hammer's 
instructions,  correspondence  not  passirg  through  us. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Sec’y.,  #2. 

We  think  that  it  is  very  unjust  to  us  at  so  late  a  date 
to  state  that  you  hold  unadjusted  hills  running  over  a  year  to 
which  our  attention  has  never  been  called. 

Yours  truly, 


General  Manager. 


Doc.  18th  ,  188  R. 

A.  0.  Tato,  Esq., 

Laboratory  of  T.  A,  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  letter  of  Dec,  lBth  is  received,  regarding  the  ar¬ 
rangement  with  Mr.  Edison  for  the  Paris  Exposition. 

The  arrangement  is  that  the  Edison  Machine  Works ,  Mr,  Edison, 
and  the  Edison  Lamp  Co.,  each  pay  one  third (l/3)of  the  expense 
of  the  Exposition,  including  Mr.  Hammer's  salary. 

Mr.  Edison  upon  his  behalf  undertook  to  pay  all  of  the  ex¬ 
pense  of  fitting  up  the  Quadmpex  and  his  various  inventions,  out¬ 
side  of  the  Electric  Light,  so  far  as  the  expense  of  doing  so  in 
the  Lahore  tor;;  was  concerned. 

The  general  expense  to  bo  divided  into  thirds  for  the  Expo¬ 

You  should  notify  Ool.  Gourad  regarding  the  plan  of  the 
Exposition,  and  of  the  fact  that  the  Phonograph  is  going  to  be 
exhibited  in  the  space  under  control  of  Mr.  Edison. 

Yours  truly, 




\  S  ^  O  ^^'‘-^^0-1 

Telegram  from  Minneapolis,  Minn,  to  Mr.  Edison,  dated  June  19,  1390 

Please  urge  that  the  Edison  Convention  be  held  this  year  in 
Minneapolis,  so  that  the  delegates  may  enjoy  the  advantage  of 
seeing  the  elegant  Edison  exhibit  that  we  are  going  to  make  at 
such  expense  to  our  Exhibition.  We  think  our  city  is  entitled  to 
this  courtesy,  if  the  Convention  is  to  be  held  anywhere  in  the 


o/o-h  '  P 


44  Wall  St.,  Mew  York  City, 
July  8,  in 90 ■ 

0.  A.  Tate,  Esq., 

Private  Secretary, 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J:. 

Dear  Sir  : — 

I  spoke  to  you  some  time  ago  about  some  negatives  of  tho 
Laboratory  and  its  surroundings  for  the  proposed  pamphlet,  to  bo 
printed  at  the  Minneapolis  Industrial  Exposition.  The  text  of  this 
pamphlet  is  now  prepared,  and  all  the  other  cuts,  except  tlie  ones 
in  question,  are  being  advanced.  There  is  little  time  to  loose 
on  this;  hence,  I  would  like  to  urge  on  you  to  have  Mr.  Dixon  to 
get  together  as  early  as  possible,  for  this  purpose,  the  following 
negatives  ! 

Edison's  house. 

View  of  Library  in  the  same. 

Conservatory  (if  he  has  one.) 

Laboratory,  exterior. 

Office  and  Library . 

Chemical  Room. 

Machine  shop. 

Precision  Room. 

Dynamo  Room. 

Galvano-meter  (if  he  has  one.) 

O'.  A.  To  #2. 

These  are  all  that  will  be  required  for  this  pamphlet. 
All  the  others  --  come  60  —  I  can  get  from  other  sottrces. 

I  wish  Mr.  Dixon  would  let  me  know  as  early  as  posaible 
when  1  can  have  those  that  Mr.  T.  C.  Martin,  whom  Mr.  Insull  has 
directed  to  do  the  worit,  can  make  photogravures  of  them.  I  will 
send  for  them,  if  necessary,  when  he  has  them  ready. 

X  have  talked  to  Mr.  Dixon  about  this, , as  you  told  me 

to  do  some  time  ago,  but  coming  from  you  the  matter  may  be  attendod 
to  more  promptly. 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 

Will  you  please  supply  such  phonograph  cylinders  and 
parts  of  the  phonographs  as  may  be  designated,  by  Mr.  V/argeman,  and 
also  a  large  trumpet  for  shipment  66  the  Minneapolis  Inddstrial 

You  will  please  consider  this  as  an  order  for  the  sane, 
you  to  bill  all  the  above  to  Wm.  M.  ^ogap, Manager,  Minneapolis 
Industrial  Exposition,  Minneapo  15,  Mim. 

When  you  ship  the  above  please  notify  us  and  send  bill 
to  us  at  once  so  that  we  can  insure  the  same  in  transit.  We  will 
be  authority  for  having  the  bill  accepted  as  above  made  out. 

Yours  truly,  . 

|  Edison  General  Electric  Co., 

General  Manager. 




/&.  -v  -r 

/  ao->&  «SS^  '<? 

^  /Z^JZ^CC 


M**..  t  lb. 


A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Deqr  Sirs- 

Orange,  N.  J.  .  y 

In  confrmation  of  our  telephone  conversation  of  this 
morning,  I  desire  to  state: 

I  understand  that  Mr.  Kinney  will  go  to  MinrB  apolis 
so  as  to  reach  there  by  next  Wednesday.  Mr.  Kinney's  expenses, 

I  understand  will  be  paid  by  Mr.  Regan  for  the  Minneapolis  Exhibi- 
tion.  Mr.  Kinney’s  apparatus  will  go  by  express.  I  have  tele¬ 
graphed  Mr.  Howell  in  Minneapolis,  statin?  that  Mr.  Kinney  will 
reach  there  on  Wednesday  next. 

Regarding  the  phonograph  dolls.  I  understand  that  in 
the  latter  part  of  next  week  there  will  be  enough  finished  to  send 
a  dozen  to  Minneapolis.  I  desire  that  a  dozen  be  sent  to  Wm. 

M.  Regan,  General  Manager,  Minneapolis  Exposition,  by  express, 
and  that  the  bill  of  the  Phonograph  Works  be  sent  to  him.  Mr. 
Allien  has  consented  to  the  dolls  going  forward.  This  consent 
is  a  matter  of  conversation,  aid  not  formal.  If  it  is  necessary 
to  obtain  any  formal  instructions  in  this  matter,  kindly  let  me 
know  or,  if  convenient,  you  can  obtain  them  directly  from  Mr. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  #2. 

I  would  be  pleased  to  know  if  there  would  be  another 
dozen  or  half  a  dozen,  which  could  be  spared  to  be  sent  to  the 
Portland  Exhibition. 

You  telephoned  that  you  had  a  message  from  Mr.  Wangeman 
asking  what  he  should  do  regarding  the  helping  the  Minnesota 
Phonograph  Co. ,  exhibit  the  automatic  phonograph.  I  telegraphed 
Mr.  Howell  to  instruct  Mr.  Wangeman  that  he  could  exhibit  it, 
if  there  was  no  objection  on  the  part  of  Mr.  Regan,  manager  of  the 
Minneapolis  Exhibition.  Mr.  Wangeman  is  in  the  employ  for  his 
entire  time  during,  the  exhibition,  of  the  Minneapolis  Exposition 
Co.  I  do  not  see  how  I  could  give  him  directions  as  to  the  dispo¬ 
sal  of  his  time,  which  is  being  paid  for  by  the  Exhibition  Co., 
so  I  telegraphed  in  accordance  with  my  understanding  of  the  matter. 

I  desire  to  thank  you  very  much  for  the  prompt  attention 
which  you  gave  to  our  telephone  messages. 

Enclosed  you  will  find  a  copy  of  the  telegram  to  Mr. 


Yours  truly. 

7  General  Manager. 





Wilson  S.  Howell, 

Minneapolis,  Minn. 

Kinney  will  reach  Minneapolis  Wednesday  next.  The  pho¬ 
nograph  dolls  leave  Sept.  10.  Tell  Wangeman  that  if  Regan  or 
you  do  not  object  I  see  no  reason  why  he  should  not  help  automatic 
phonograph  exhibit.  Show  this  to  Stieringer. 

F.  R.  Upton? 

* ■'  .  „  i fv/wA  ‘ —  fiji/tvn Ci>-  r  1-1  < C  -l 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  enclosed  extracts  from  a  letter  of  Mr.  Luther  Stie- 
ringer  about  the  Minneapolis  Exposition,  give:'  a  statement  of 
the  status  of  the. Exhibition,  which  I  consider  of  interest.  I 
send  the  same  to  you  for  your  information. 

Yours  truly. 


Extract  from  letter  of  !ir.  Stieringer. 

Your  telegrams  arici  various  queries  in  regard  to  the 
progress  of  the  work  hero,  woro  difficult  to  reply  to,  until  tho 
work  has  been  sufficiently  advanced.  You  remember  with  what  care 
the  plans  and  everything  had  been  gone  over  with  Hammer, 
to  anticipate  any  possible  difficulty'  which  might  arise  even  to 
the  arrangement  of  the  motive  power.  Our  wants  were  all  inn  do 
known  to  tho  management  in  ample  time  to  complete  everything, 
more  particularly  the  tower,  a  week  before  the  opening.  Hie 
facts  are,  the  motive  power  was  n6t  ready  till  the  opening  (.ay, 
and  has  been  decidedly  intermittent  3ince  then.  This  tolls  it3 
own  story.  A  promise  of  current  at  S  A.M.  to  tost  out  with, 
sometimes  would  he  fulfilled  at  4  or  0  P.  ,.  (due  to  the  above) 
difficulties  that  Mr.  Hammer  has  had  to  simnountj  it  can  only  be- 
appreciated  by  ono,  like  myself,  continually  prosont,  and  with  all 
tho  care  and  ability  displayed,  would  surely  have  failed  had  not 
everything  boon  previously  well  planed  and  thoughtout  .  I  must 
pay  this  tribute  to  Mr  Hammer.  Of  all  exposition  work  that  has 
come  under  my  care,  and  in  which  I  was  dependent  upon  others  for 
tho  construction,  the  expeditious  manner  in  which  this  work  has 
been  put  forward,  the  unremitting  care,  attention,  and  able  manage¬ 
ment  of  men  and  material,  makes  me  say  that  I  would  not  hesitate 
to  undertake  almost  any  work  with  his  assistance,  and  feel  thank¬ 
ful  that  he  has  become  associated  with  this  work.  I  am  sure  that 


his  work  has  been  well  appreciated  by  the  Management,  „Vi,ia  ux 
which  have  a  just  appreciation  of  this  kind  of  work.  As  to  the 
results,  when  you  come  here,  sufficient  can  be  seen  by  you,  to 
make  you  agroe  fully  v/ith  the  foregoing. 

Mr.  Edison’s  exhibit  has  been  held  back  in  its  arrange¬ 
ments,  though  now  nearly  completed,  from  the  sane  general  causes 
that  delayed  the  tcwer  work,  namely,  lack  of  assistance,  unful¬ 
filled  promises,  and  the  Management  having  too  much  on  its  hands 
to  get  the  motive  power -in  order.  It  is  safe  to  say,  though  no 
fault  of  ours,  that  our  work  has  cost  the  Exposition  twenty  per¬ 
cent  rare  than  if  they  had  had  the  motive  power  in  operation  on 
time.  This  has  been  brought  home  to  them.  if  the  estimate  has 
been  exceeded,  it  is  because  they  did  not  follow  out  our  well 
thought  out  instructions.  The  Edison  Commercial  Exhibit:  We 
have  arranged  tliis  at  the  least  expense,  and  considering  the  mat 
tenal  furnished,  I  think  we  have  furnished  a  very  interesting 

Will  you  kindly  look  up  the  picture  of  the  6ehenectady 
Works  intended  for  this  Exhibit?  This  picture  was  to  have  been 
submitted  to  .  r.  Insull  by  the  artist  for  final  approval,  and  wo 
are  very  anxious  to  get  it  hero.  Now  that  the  tower  is  practi  - 
cally  completed,  also  the  electric  railway  anu  surroundings,  it 
is  best  to  say  what  has  already  been  heralded  on  large  posters 
in  the  streets,  for  weeks,  “You  will  miss  it,  if  you  miss  it." 


It  was  missed  before  it  was  lighted,  but  now  that  the  cun-ent  has 
been  turned  on,  the  popular  is  enthusiastic.  You  should  have 
been  here  the  evening  it  was  first  lit  up,  and  hoard  the  delighted 
yells  of  the  audience,  and  the  unending  demands  for  repetition 
on  their  part.  Very  much  more  could  fee  said,  but  trust  this 
will  be  sufficient  to  givo  you  an  insight  into-  affairs. 


Extract  from  the  Minneapolis  Tribune, 

Sept,  2nd,  1800, 

The  phonographs  in  the  art  gallery  continue  to  be  the  center 
of  attraction  for  an  admiring  throng,  They  are  arranged 
so  that  52  people  can  be  entertained  at  the  same  time.  The 
musical  records  seem  to  bo  the  most  attractive  and  the  tamos 
which  were  first  discoursed  in  tho  Edison  Laboratory,  Now 
York,  find  appreciative  listeners  hero  in  Minneapolis,  more 
than  1,500  miles  from  where  they  were  played,  Mr,  Wangonman 
with  his  genial  smile,  presides  over  tho  instruments  and  ans- 
wors  the  perpetual  question  “how  much?"  with  tho  shake  of  tho 
head  and  the  single  word  “nothing"1.  There  is  no  charge  what¬ 
ever  for  the  use  of  the  phonograph,  and  the  public  is  invited 
to  step  in  and  be  entertained  as  often  as  convenient  or  des¬ 
ired.  "What  the  Egyptian  tower  of  light  is  to  the  eye,  those 
phonographs  are  to  the  ear,"  Mr.  Wangenman  says,  and  tho  pub¬ 
lic  is  invited  to  test  the  verity  of  hiS  assertion.  The 
phonographs  may  bo  used  from  10  O'clock  to  12  O'clock  in  the 
forenoon,  from  2  O'clock  to  5  O'clock  in  the  afternoon  and  7 
to  0  in  the  evening.  To-day  the  phonograph  will  bo  used  in 
connection  with  a  typewriter,  a  lady  being  employed  for  the 
purpose  of  writing  the  dictations  from  the  Exposition, 


Extract  from  the  St,  Paul  Globe, 

Sept,  find,  1890. 

last  evening  for  the  first  time  the  tower,  the  central 
attraction  in  the  Edison  Exhibit,  was  lit  up  from  base  to 
summit  and  from  these  countless  festoons  of  parti-oolored 
lights  stretched  to  the  highest  galleries,  giving  a  wonderfu¬ 
lly  pleasing  effect  that  must  be  seen  to  be  appreciated. 

There  aro  over  7,500  miniature  lights  in  this  one  display  and 
the  effect  combined  with  the  beauty  of  the  blooming  garden 
beneath  is  truly  dazzling.  The  visitors  were  charmed  vrith 
it  and  were  not  slow  in  voicing  their  enthusiasm.  It  is  hot 
to  be  lit  continually,  as  it  is  more  attractive  when  displayed 
at  intervals,  consequently  it  is  be  flashed  for  a  time  at  the 
following  hours,  7.30*  7'.50,  8.10,  8.30,  and  9,45',  some  ple¬ 
asing  effects  were  given  in  flashing  a  change  of  circuits  on 
the  tower  and  along  the  festoons'. 


Extract  from  the  Minneapolis  Tribune, 

Sept'«  2nd,  1890'. 

last  night  the  light  tower  blazed  for  the  first  time 
and  each  time  that  the  thousands  of  lights  were  lighted 
as  many  people  went  wild  over  the  sight-.  The  phonographs 
are  now  ready  to  delight  32  persons  at  a  time1. 

rtk-  fy.SX. 



Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 


Kindly  send  to  Mr.  Wargeman  a  barrel  or  a  large  package 
of  cylinders  ,  to  be  used  by  him  in  taking  the  proeeedings  of 
the  Edis&n  convention,  i«  i+  -to  hoyr  h"  da  Afc 

These  are  to  be  sent  t6  A.  Theo  E.  Wangeman,  Edison  Exhibit, 
Minneapolis-,  Minnesota.  They  should  be  sent  by  express  and  the 
bill  should  be  a  memorandum  bill  to  this  branch  of  the  business, 
which  will  be  adjusted  when  it;,  is  fully  decided  as  to  the  taking  of 
the  minutes. 


General  Manager. 

%£zk*£i^*T'  ~  ' 


.flic* O  ^  gj>  v  filler*, 



A.  0.  Ta^e»  Esq.  /  — y  N  <">  /'"s  v 

Orange,  N.  J. 

n/'  9  if''  ,VN  '5  s.  V_>  V"  " 

My  dear  Tate:-  ^  ^  V.  v  ^  ^  ^ 

I  return  letter  of  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition 
Co.,  as  well  as  copy;  of  my  letter. 

I  desire  to  state  that  my  letter  to  Mr.  Regan  was  based 
upon  information  sent  me  fay  Mr.  Wangeman  and  ’"r.  Howell,  namely, 
that  the  instruments  at  the  Minneapolis  Exposition  were  not  oared 
for  in  a  proper  manner,  and  flailed  to  work.  Since  that  time,  the 
instruments  have  been  more  carefully  looked  after,  and  are  now 
giving  satisfaction.  I  think  that  an  instrument  which  will  take 
money  and  yield  no  returns,  should  be  very  carefully  watched,  and 
should  be  strongly  protested  against,  in  case  it  continues.  I 
was  informed  that  this  was  the  case  and  made  my  protest  according - 


I  wish  you  would  write  the  officers  of  the  American 
Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.,  and, state  that.  I  have  no  intention 
of  branding  them  in  any  way  as  cheats,  or  criticizing  the  Automa¬ 
tic  Phonograph  Co.,  in  New  York,  beyond  the  fact  of  the  lack  of 
proper  attention  in  Minneapolis.' 

At  the  Minneapolis  Exposition,  the  automatic  phonographs 
were  scattered  in  various  points  of  the  buildirg  and  did  not 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. ,  #2. 

receive  attention  for  long  periods. of  tine  ai*ege Llna"-.— 

Recently,  the  automatic  phonographs  had  been  assembled 
in  one  spot,  under  the  care  of  a  competent  person  and  are  giving 
perfect  satisfaction  to  all  concern**^-  * 

I  consider  that  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Co.  were  the 
greatest  sufferers  by  the  bad  performance  of  their  apparatus  at 
Minneapolis  and  that  their  interests  were  best  served  by  a  sharp 
letter,  calling  attention  to  .the  lack  of  proper  attendance. 

Yours  truly. 

2  enclosures. 




The  enclosed  copy  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  Francis 
R.'  Upton  under  date  of  Sept.  8th  was  sent  to  us  by  the  Minnesota 
Phonograph  Co.V  * 

We  hardly  think  that  Mr.  Upton  was  justified  in  sending  that 
letter,  and  virtually  giving  our  Company  a  black  eye,  especially 
where  Mr.'  Edison  is  interested  in  our  Company.  We  should  think 
that  if  Mr.'  Upton  had  Mr."  Edison's  intorest  at  heart,  he  would 
have  taken  the  trouble  to  call  upon  the  Minnesota  Phonograph  Co. 
and  call  their  attention  to  the  fact,  that  the  machines  were  out 
of  order,  and  would  have  put  himself  out  of  the  way  to  see  that 
the  machines  were  put  in  proper  shape;  or  he  might  have  immediate¬ 
ly  telegraphed  to  us,  calling  our  attention  to  the  natter,  and 
you  may  rest  assured  that  we  would  have  taken  inrnediate  steps  to 
see  that  the  machines  were  either  taken  away,  or  properly  adjust¬ 
ed."  The  Minnesota  Phonograph  Co.'  inform  us  to-day,  that  the 
machines  are  wo iking  very  satisfactorily,  and  they  have  little  or 
no  trouble  with  the  same.  Which  goes  to  prove  that  if  Mr.  Upton 
had  immediately  communicated  with  the  Minnesota  Phonograph  Co.', 
it  would  not  have  been  necessary  for  him  to  take  such  arbitrary 


A.'  0.  T.  (2) 

steps  in  this  natter* 

Your  letter  of  September  6th  to  Mr.  Sanuel  Insull,  in  refer- 
onoo  to  tlie  Edison-Lolando  battery  was  duly  received  by  us,  and 
we  will  send  you  a  reply  as  soon  as  we  have  a  Board  meeting, 
which  will  be  in  the  course  of  the  next  few  days*' 

Respectfully  yours, 





Sept.  8th,.  1890. 

Wnu  M.  Re/jan,  Esq.,  General.  Manager, 

Minneapolis  Industrial  Exposition, 

Minn  eap  ol  is ,  Minn  • 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  understand  that  the  automatic  phonographs  at  your 
exposition  are  giving  very  poor  service,  in  fact,  that  they  are 
practically  a  cheat  upon  the  public. 

I  consider  that  it  is  an  outrage  to  allow  any  catch  penny 
affair  to  bo  shown  in  your  exposition,  especially,  such  as  cheat 
in  so  many  instances,  as  do  the  automatic  machines. 

Yours  truly, 

Francis  R.  Upton, 

General  Manager. 

Respectfully  referred  by  Minnesota  Phonograph  Co. 


Oct. I  Oth, 1890 




A. 0, Tate, Esq. , 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange, N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  received  a  letter  from  Mr. Wangemann, dated 
Minneapolis,0ct.4th,'of  which  the  following  id  an  extract: 

"  I  have  received  a  telegram  from  the  North  American 
Co. to  leave  most  of  the  phonograph  supplies  and  phonographs  which 
are  here, with  the  Minnesota  Phonograph  Co.  I  also  received  a 
telegram  from  the  Laboratory  telling  me  to  leave  the  batteries  herq 
I  send  you  enclosed  a  receipt  for  the  matters  left  here;.!  also 
enclose  a  copy  of  which  has  to  be  charged  to  the  Minneapolis 
Industrial  Exposition. 

The  last  week  of  the  Exposition  has  been  a  very  great 
success.  Yesterday, Friday, in  the  evening  alone  there  was  an 
attendance  of  18,000  people.  The  attendance  to-day  will  probably 
be  the  largest  one.  I  had  the  pleasure  here  to  have  Mr. Strauss 
see  the  phonograph  and  he  was  just  as  delighted  as  he  was  last 
year  in  Vienna."  , 

We  have  forwarded  the  memoranda  and  receipt  went  by 
Mr.  Wangemann  to  the  Phonograph  Works, as  he  requested, and  notify 
you  of’  the  same  in  order  that  you  may  be  fully  informed  on  this  l  it 

General  Manager. 

No  enclosure. 
PHONOGRAPH  dictation.  • 


'  ,  HARRISON  N.J. 

y'  ■  cs 

y  -  j 

A.Q  Tate, Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N..T. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  the  phonograph  material  and  the  phonograph 
batteries  which  were  sent  to  the  Minneapolis  Exposition, we  beg  to 
inform  you  that  we  have  written  to  the  Phonograph  Works  and  to 
Edison  Manufacturing  Co. upon  this  subject.  Mr.  Wahgemann  has 
returned  some  mat  erial,and  some  has  been  turned  over  by  him  to 
the  Minnesota  Phonograph  Co. 

We  telegraphed  to  Mr.Wilson  Howell  yesterday  to  ask  if 
bolls  for  the  phonograph  matters  had  been  rendered  to  the  Exposit¬ 
ion.  We  have  to-day  received  the  following  telegraphic  reply 
from  Mr.Wm.M.  Regan,General  Manager  of  the  Minneapolis  Industrial 

"Howell  has  just  shown  me  your  telegram.  Wangemann  left 
a  memorandum  of  items  to  be  charged  to  the  Exposition  and  of  ‘ 
articles  delivered  to  the  Minnesota  Co-,  or  returned  but  left  no 
bill  or  prices  he  saidhe  would  turn  in  a  duplicate  of  this  memor¬ 
andum  to  the  Phonograph  CO,." 


No- enclosure 

Yours  truly. 

k  *  b«ir  _  £*  0*fc<*  .  t 


My  Dear  Edi£ 


New  York,  October  13 t,h  ■ _ 1890 

When  Rathanau  w as  hero  from  Berli^^Bijs^d^a 
conversation  with  him  about  showing  the  Phonograph  at  FrankfortX 
I  f  ind  that  the  exhibition  there  started  in  May  and  will  last  until 
October  of  next  year. 

I  write  this  letter  to  remind  you  of  your  promise  to  him. 

He  has  written  me  about  the  matter  and  asked  me  for  some  further 
assurances  f>’om  you. 

Will  you  please  let  me  know  what  your  intentions  are? 

Yours  very  truly. 


Edison  Mfg.  Co., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Oct.  16th,  1390. 


Your  favor  of  tho  15th  inst.  is  duly  received,  and 
we  note  what  you  state  in  regard  to  the  material  having  been  cha¬ 
rged  to  us  according  to  Mr.  Tates  instructions.  It  still  remains 
a  fact  that  the  material  should  never  have  been  charged  to  us,  asi: 
we  stated  specifically  when  the  goods  were  first  ordered  that  they 
ought  to  be  billed  against  V/m.  M.  Regan,  Gen.  Manager  of  the  Minn¬ 
eapolis  Exposition  Co. 

It  seems  to  its  that  if  you  delay  the  matter  any  longer  you 
run  a  risk  of  the  bill  not  being  paid.  The  Minneapolis  Exposi¬ 
tion  has  been  over  and  done  with  nearly  two  we cks,  and  every,  day  . 
that  the  matter  is  delayed  will  make  it  more  difficult  for  you  to 
collect  bill,  as  each  additional  bill  rendered  now  will  be  more 
severely  criticised  than  its  predecessor. 

If  we  took  hold  of  this  matter,  we  did  so  for  the  benefit  of 
Mr.  Edison  and  all  the  interests  with  which  he  is  connected,  and 
made  ourselves  thego  between?so  as  to  save  time  and  trouble  both 
to  youand  to  Mr.  Regan.  V/e  assumed  no  responsibility  for  the 
battery  or -parts;; of: them  and  were  somewhat  surprised  when  the  bill 
was  sent  to  us,  made  out  against  this  company. 

{  2  ) 

Vie  have  called  your  attention  fully  to  this  matter,  so  that  you 
may  give  it  immediate  attention  and  not  run  any  risk  by  any  fu 
ther  delay,  whatever. 

Mo  enclosure . 

General  Manager 


bear  Sir:- 

We  will  send  you  by  mail  the  set  of  proofs  taken 
from  electro-types  which  we  have  forwarded  to  Mr.  II.  Ward  Leonard 
at  #  10  &  18  Broad  St.,  Mew  York.  These  electro-types  are  cuts 
made  of  the  different  parts  of  your  exhibit  at  the  Paris  Exposi¬ 
tion,  and  I  have  sent  you  these  proofs  thinking  that  some  time 
or  other  you  might  desire  to  use  some  of  them. 

They  will  be  kept  inMr.  Leonards  Dept.,  as  he  now  has  charge 
of  all  the  matters  pertaining  to  the  literature  oof  'the  business. 

Yours  truly, 

B,  <3.  Hjifaz 

General  Manager. 

fbonDGKAiM  dictation. 

?V  li '  (j.frs 

16  Broad  St., 

Nov/  Yoi’k  CityaJ^ 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  yours  of  October  I5th,v/ith  relation  to 
the  Frankfort  Exposition. 

I  do  not  think  it  worth  while  at  the  moment  to  speak  to 
Mr.  Jesse  Seligman  on  this  subject,  but  when  a  favorable  opportuni¬ 
ty  occurs  I  will  confer  with  him  and  ask  him  whether  he  thinks  the 
United  Edison  Phonograph  Company  had  better  make  the  exhibit. 

Yours  very  truly, 

No  enc. 

SJc  (Kottrmv  be  ^onbres 
et  be  V  ffiurojjc 

Journal  Politique, 
LiUlraire  et  Commercial 


76,  Finsbury  Pavement, 

£onbonJ!&...dLee....:....  isoo. 

70,  F.NSll..l!V°itv0EM-ENT,  E.C.  /l/l 

/  -Yf'J 

Z^C-er  s'*  i  t-  sr/* a-tPZGZ-o 

srJ-dcCe-.  ''tZCd.  — 

'  '  '  ' 

A**-?  Ct>//€*cJx*C  ***- 

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f?l4£*ru£o  «^vA^ 


^xtyibitof  ^disoi/$  Ir^ueptiops 

Minneapolis  Industrial  Exposition  L 


f\  General  Deseriptioi)  of  pie  U/orK 

I  f 

1890.  Fort  Myers  (D-90-41) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  property  tax  receipts,  and  other 
documents  pertaining  to  the  maintenance  of  the  homes  and  properties  of 
Edison  and  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida.  Included  also  are  letters 
regarding  the  proposed  sale  of  property.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  William 
E.  Hibble,  caretaker. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  bills  and 
receipts  regarding  goods  purchased  and  services  performed  at  Fort  Myers. 

fyfiCUQ- io&i  fatianqjL  .71 


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Roe  &  Mickle. 

Ranches,  Farms,  Groves, 

City  Property, 

Wild  Lands. 

Phosphate  Lands. 

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. yA^ 

1890.  Glenmont  (D-90-42) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  bills,  and  other  documents  relating 
to  the  furnishing  and  maintenance  of  Glenmont,  Edison’s  home  in  Llewellyn 
Park.  Most  of  the  correspondence  concerns  mortgage  payments  and  insurance 
policies.  There  are  also  letters  about  lighting  fixtures  and  a  request  from  the 
Electrical  Engineer  to  publish  a  photograph  of  the  home. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  bills  and  receipts  for 
routine  services;  payroll  accounts  for  grounds  keepers;  meeting  announcements 
for  the  Llewellyn  Park  proprietors;  letters  of  transmittal. 

Related  documents  pertaining  to  miscellaneous  household  purchases  can 
be  found  in  D-90-09  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Bills  and  Receipts). 

Prom  Mr1.'  Insull  to  MrV  A'.  O'.  Tate;  telephoned  from  MrW  Insull' s 
Nov;  York  office  12  :  30  a',  m* ,  April  12,  1890'. 

Major  Eaton  has  to  pay  §76,0881.34  to  Arnold,  Constable  &  Co. 
on  Monday  morning  at  tv;elve  o'clock'.  We  should  have  a  certified 
check  for  this  amount  at  Major  Eaton's  office  early  Monday  morning. 
This  must  be  attended  to  without  fail'.  If  you  have  not  got 
enough  money  in  the  German  National,  you  had  better  ask  Mr1.  Edison 
about  making  transfer  from  Drexel,  Morgan  &  Co'. ;  then  get  the 
check  certified  and  send  in  to  Major  Eaton1.  Don't  overlook  this- 


fib- >  T~ 


/(? (plfy/rpcit '/tf/r.t/?/ (EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

yl/cuj  &c>r/y_ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Bsq.» 

Ifear  Sir: 

I  beg  to  say  that  tbs  mortgage  on  your  residertb*  at 
Llewelyn  Park  was  discharged  today.  Both  mortgages  and  the  bond 
were  surrendered  to  me.  We  shall  at  once  have  the  satisfaction 
pieces  touching-  the  two  mortgages  filed  in  Essex  County,  New  Jer¬ 
sey,  and  then  send  you  all  the  papers  in  the  premises. 

Your  certified  cheque  for  $76.,jQ83v34  Was  duly  re¬ 
ceived  today  at  the  hands  of  tfr.  Ineuil  and  was  used  to  discharge 
the  mortgages  as  stated  above. 

l\  ■/t'f  fiTN  jrj 

»*  ,  ), 

?  'J  '  ^ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

,  Llewellyn  Park, 

New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 



I  beg  to  Inform  you  that  X  have  obtained  from  Messrs. 
Arnold,  Constable  &  Company,  sixteen  policies  of  insurance  upon 
your  residence  at  Llewellyn  Park,  each  running  in  favor  of  your¬ 
self,  loss,  if  any,  payable  to  Arnold,  Constable  4  Company.  The 
delay  in  getting  these  policies  has  been  oaused  by  the  absence  of 
Mr.  B.  P.  Watson,  the  attorney  for  Messrs.  Arnold,  Constable  A 
Company,  from  the  City,  but  I  had  assured  myself  that  such  delay 
could  not  in  any  way  be  prejudicial  to  you,  and  therefore  consent¬ 
ed  to  await  Mr.  Watson's  return  before  insisting  upon  the  delivery 
of  the  policies.  Baoh  policy  will  now  have  to  be  presented  at  the 
offiee  of  the  Company  making  the  same,  in  order  to  have  the  assign¬ 
ment  of  interest  from  Messrs.  Arnold,  Constable  &  Company  to  your- 
self,  properly  noted  upon  the  Company's  records.  one  half  of  the 
policies  were  taken  out  through  Mr.  John  H.  Wood,  of  this  City,  and 
I  shall  attend  to  the  reoord  of  the  transfers  so  far  as  these  pol¬ 
icies  are  concerned. 

The  other  half  were  taken  out  through  Messrs 

Agens  &  Jackson,  of  Newark,  and  these  I  send  you  herewith  in  order 
that  you  may  have  them  delivered  to  the  said  Newark  agents  for  a 
similar  purpose.  I  also  enclose  a  form  of  receipt  which  you  had 
better  have  the  said  Newark  agents  sign  upon  the  delivery  of  the 
policies,  inasmuch  as  the  said  policies  will  of  necessity  remain 
in  the  hands  of  the  said  agents  for  some  days. 

-  The  policies  which  I  shall  attend  to  myself,  through  Mr. 
Wood,  will  be  sent  to  you  by  me,  in  due  time. 


Very  truly  yours, 

Re  Arnold  &  Constable  Mortgage.  I  send  you  herewith  the 
remainder  of  the  policies  of  insurance  recently  obtained  by  me  from 
Messrs.  Arnold,  Constable  A  Co.,  upon  each  of  which  I  have  had  not¬ 
ed  the  assignment  of  the  interest  of  the  mortgagee  to  yourself,  so 
that  they  are  all  now  payable  to  you.  These  policies  are  as  fol¬ 
lows:  Nos.  861,409  and .261, 524  in  the  German  American  Insurance 

Company;  Nos.  1^234, 228  and  1,234,831  _in  the  Lancashire  Insurance 
Company;  Nos.  210,188  and  210,189  in  the  Union  Insurance  Company 
of  Philadelphia;  No.  213,120  in  the  Greenwich  Insurance  Company; 
and  No.  1,243,098  in  the  Guardian  Assurance  Company.  The  total 
amount  of  insurance  represented  by  these  policies  is  $47,000  arid 
they  cover  your  dwelling  house  and  other  structures  erected  upon 
your  premises  at  Orange.  All  the  other  policies  reoeived  by  me 

were  sent  to  you 

the  30th; ult. 
Very  truly  yours. 

TA  k  -  f/ws  <£_ 

I  enclose  you  copy  of  a  letter  which  I  have  re¬ 
ceived  from  Mr, Lem  aire,  the  Manager  of  our  Fixture  Department. 

Mr.Lemaire  is,  like  all  Frenchmen,  of  a  very  excitable  nature, 
and  I  suppose  he  thinks  that  if  you  want  fixtures  for  your  house 
you  would  naturally  call  on  us  to  supply  them.  I  think  it  would 
be  very  much  better  for  Mr.Lemaire  to  see  you  and  find  out  *at 
you  want,  rather  than  to  get  your  ideas  through  Hertz.  Bros. 

Yours  truly. 

Second  Vice  Pres  dent. 

-  C  “  t  ^ 




etb  Filth  Ave. 

New  York,  August  15th,  1890. 

gamuel  .Insull,  Esq., 

sna.  ■aice  President. 

Dear  Sir;- 

Is  Mr.  Edison  having  anythin*  done  lv)  his  house?  This 
is  a  very  important  point  to  me  and  .1  should  ISkfcto  Kt^;  very  much,  as 
I  have  had  demand  from  Hertz  Bros,  who  are  a  tfciro  ratas^|  cj 
ators,  ashing  that  a  draughtsman  te  sent  to  them  Tor  so*s  n. v>.-r=; 
required  in  J?r.  Edison’s  house.  Sow,  tht.;  u  rather  v:i.<c-h,u  cc  ; 

the  head,  as  if  anything  is  going  to  be  designed  for  Mr.  i, 

aware  I  wish  to  do  it  myself  and  do  not  care  to  do  It  throw!,  vcy  t-V;; 
rate  house  tc  show  our  goods.  I  remain,  dear  sir, 

Yours  very  truly. 

Electrical  Engineer.  /% 


1  IVeehfy  Review  of  Theoretical  and  Applied  Electricity. 

New  York,  150  Broadway, 

AJo-eXSi.  'Til'l  .  Jexjte, ^ 



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1890.  Mining  -  General  (D-90-43) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mining  and  ore  milling.  Included  are  requests  for  information  about  Edison’s 
mining  and  ore  milling  machinery.  There  are  also  letters  concerning  the 
purchase  of  various  state  geological  surveys  and  maps  and  the  acquisition  of 
mining  property  in  Rockland  County,  N.  Y. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests  from 
surveyors  for  money;  routine  correspondence  concerning  survey  maps; 
unsolicited  inquiries  regarding  Edison’s  ore  separation  process;  letters  of 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-64  (West  Orange  Laboratory). 


]  'Tffwntk'Ht  Mwtr/i 
•ATTOtVjETr'/K.T  UaW- 


Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Jany.  8th  1890.  ^ 

v^r"*  Y 

Your  favor  of  Dec.  2(ith  1889  with  reference  to 
Magnetic  Ore  Separator,  is  received. 

I  arn  interested  in  a  mining  property  which  contains  a 
gold  and  silver  ore.  We  are  now  mining  ore  which  nets  at  the 
smelter  $30.  to  $40.  a  ton.  In  mining  this  ore  it  is  necessary 
to  take  out  a  quantity  of  low  grade  material  v/hich  we  are  success¬ 
fully  concentrating  by  means  of  the  ordinary  jigging  and  table 
process.  This  low  gnado  ore  contains  about  30/  of  iron,  which 

is  successfully  extracted  by  the  mill.  This  iron,  as  iron,  has 
no  market  value,  but  our  object  in  treating  the  ore  is  to  get 
rid  of  the  iron  and  accompanying  gang 

The  question  arose  whether  it  might  not  be  cheaper  to 
extract  the  iron  by  a  magnetic  separator  than  to  do  so  by  the 
method  we  now  use.  We  know  that  the  iron  is  magnetic  and  can 
be  extracted  in  that  way,  but  as  the  iron  is  a  tailing  and  of  no 
value  when  extracted,  you  can  readily  perceive  that  it  would  not 
pay  us  to  give  a  royalty  for  its  extraction,  as  the  difference 
in  expense  between  the  method  now  used  and  the  use  of  the  magnttib 


separator,  we  do  not  think  would  be  a  dullar  a  ton. 

We  felt  inclined  to  purchase  a  magnetic  separator  of 
some  sort  for  the  purpose  of  experimenting  as  to  the  difference  in 
expense  between  the  two  methods.  You  aan  thus  see  that  we  are 
not  intending  to  use  a  separator  for  the  purpose  of  treating 
iron  ores,  and  it  is  therefore  not  necessary  to  enter  into  nego¬ 
tiation  for  the  erection  of  a  mill  for  the  treatment  of  such  ore. 

In  view  of  the  circumstances,  would  you  be  willing  to 
sell  one  of  your  separators,  and  if  so  at  what  price?  or,  if  you 
are  not  willing  to  sell  one,  would  you  rent  one  and  on  what  terns, 
provided  we  gave  a  guarantee  not  to  use  the  same  for  the  treatment 
of  iron  ores? 

Very  truly. 

.  Sheets.  No. . 


yh-l-  '- 

<p  .  CO  ' — v 

Orange.-  .Niff-.- 

I:  wafe-  detained  from  my  office  yesterday  by  a-  severe  cold, ahd  cannot 
yet;  sair;  what;  day  I;  will  be  able-  to-  go-  to;- Maryland  to;  examine-  the-  water-  power 

j  TV  nT 

?  It  met* Mriday- Goofee  today;-who;- is-  the-  principal  owner  of  the-  great;, 
water  power  of  -  the-St'.'Lbuis-  River  at-tbe-bead  -of -Lake  Superior;!;  told  him-  that; 

Ii  had'  a';oomtnlsslon!  to;  examine-  a’-proporty  so--  as-  to;- obtain- 25;-000'  H;P,by-  water 
I:  did  not;  tell  him  whore  the- -power  wasjor  for  wham  the  - examination-  was  to-be- 
made;  But;  if  you-  have-  no-  ob.lection-  to-  my  doinR  so-I;  think-  that;  be-  would  be  -likely 
to-  make  a:  definite  proposition- if  -  he  knew-  you  were- look! ns  for  power.- 

-  I:  of -course-  do-  not-  know-  whether  the  location-  would  meet;  your 
approval  or-  not;  but;  it-  strikes  me  that-  for  the  treatftient-of -oopner  mat.te;Duluth 
would  be  an-  advahtaReous  location;  tha-;Copper-  beinR'  brouRbtrfroo-  the- Montana: 

•  mines;there-  treated  and  shipped  either  by- rail  or  water  eastward.-  This  large- 
water  nower  ooilild  be -utilized,  and  in-  addition- the  cheap- fuel  which -prevails  at; 

Duluth;owinR  to-  the  low  fpelphts  westward-  would  be- advahtabeohs.-  Ii  do;  not- know. 

-  whether  I:  eker  sent;  you  a'  copy  of  -my  report;upon-  thts-property;but!  l;  enolose  one- 
by  satae  -malltvmatked  with-  a'  blue-  pencil  so;. that-ybb-oah-  see  at;-  ai  plahoe :  the 

I;  understahd  .that- Mr* Cooke  and  his  associates  have  offered  the 

entire  .property-  lncludlnB'.the- water  .powerrboonij  4500  aores  of  ;land, iObarteEs-eto,' 

for  one  million-  dollars. -.-I;  think  however  an-  aErahgement;  Conld.;be  -.hade,  to; 
oooperate-.with.  them,  if. .you  so1  doslte.-.Ii  merely;  send  ;you  this-  inforfiiatlonv  as  ;Ii 
thought-  It;  wpuld  ibe'iOf  .possible-  service-  to-;you.' 

Yours  Truly-.-- 


>t!~J  .  3JL,  /  . 

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A  c>^  bry^r-y ^ 

"1  *-^sv4 

Mi'  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J, 

University  of  the  Stale  of  Nao  York 

New  York  State  Library 

Ibany , . 2d... 


Dear  Mr  Edison:  Ths  librarian  in  charge  r extorts  as  follows  on 
your  inquiry  about  maps:  "We  have  the  large  county  maps  of  Warren 

&  Orange  Co’s  published  in  1850  ?,  1059.  They  are  the  best,  but  ere 
out  of  print.  Have  also  Beers' Atlas  <hf  Warrenlln^  published  in  I07S. 
Best  map  of  N.Y.  stale,  is-  hy-J?reneh ,  published  in  TOGO).  Have  also 
Bridgman’s  published  in  1005,  but  is  not  so  good.11 

I  feel  that  your  comment  on  the  Geological  Survey  of  the  State 
as  a  disgrace,  is  just.  At  our  meeting  the  other  day,  George  William 
Curtis  was  made  a  special  committee  to  look  into  the  matter.  We  meet 
again  next  Thursday.  It  would  strengthen  us,  who  are  working  to  have 
this  made  what  it  oujljht  to  be. very  much  if  you  would  write  me  a 
letter  expressing  your  views  which  will  reach  me  by  Wed ,  next. 

Very  truly  yours 


Referring  further  to  your  letter  of  24th  instant, 

Mr»  hdison  wculd  like  to  obtain  a  copy  of  Beers’  Atlas  of  Warren 
County,  published  in  1876,  and  French’s  Map  of  N.  Y..  State,  pub¬ 
lished  in  i860,  both  of  which  you  mention  in  your  lottier  above  re¬ 
ferred  to.  Can  you  supply  him  with  these? 

T.A-.  aaiison'.  Esq: 

i  r  - 

irahge.-  Ni  Ji  ■ 


Dear  Sir: 

I!  visited  tlie-  saterv  power  on<  the-  Susquehanna;  River.;.above-  Port;  Deposit; 
jM3>  ahdcma'de  .a'. general-examination’. of  -  iti- 

..If  found  that;  the-  river-  has  a!  liberal;  approximating  that.-  glveirhy- 
the-.Cbnsusi  and;. comparing.'' the--  figures  .obtained'. from,  the-  levels  of  the-  Susquehanna' 
:  and  Tide- Water  canal  .on-  the  west;  sido~:of  , the-  river; and  of  the  Columbia'  and  Port; 

'•  Deposit;-  railroad. :onv the: .east;. si dei. If. should  estimate  that;  the  fall  in’.9  miles 
was.  about;  80  feet;.'  The  :  only- improvement;  of.  note  on-  the  river  is  the  pulp  mill 
:  of  the- Susquebahnal Water.. Power  and;  Pulp,  Co* on1  the  west  side  of  the  rtver;whiob 

obtains;. Its:. bead,  by  a  wing  dam’, about;,  one-.. half  way  across  the  stream.- Ai  quartz 
mill:- also;. uses;  a'. part:  of  the-. power  .of  the  Cdnowingo;  Creokyon’  the-  eabt-  side;-' 

■  Ir  learned  . that--. the-. property  wah- understood  to- be  held  by- the 
Philadelphia;  Reading-  RailEoad:-, Co-.; and.  noted  that  tho  Columbia:-  and  Port -Deposit. 

.  cailroad[a:.brahcb-of  tberRsnnsylvahla'  railroad!  occupied  portion-  of  the. .canal  •;  and:  until  I;  know;  the:  status  of  -ownership,  no-  reliable  estimates-  of  cost; 

-.  >f  : improvements -could  be.. presented;'  I;.have  . made  the  necessary:  inquiries  of  the- 
:  jahd-. Agent;  of;. the;. Philadelphia'.  &  Reading:  railroad.  Co; ;  and  from  him'  learn*  that-  the 
'-  ki^l®'-  is  -  still,  with  the.  Maryland. Canal.  Company;-  [the  .control  ..of:  which  .is.,  held. by-  , 
’•  Philadelphia'  &  :Raa'ding:.Railroad  Cov!  and:  that;. this-  title  haMng':.been;.  obtained 
:  ihrough  iCbmmissioners'.inv  condemnation’: is:. practically: a':. fee. '.He  absertA- that;,  this  ; 
-  rater  is.:inta'ct;  that;  the-  Pennsylvahia-  railroad,  are-  by: agreement; 

'  lound ..tov. replace'.. the  '-'Cahali. where:  they  have  occupied:: lt;;etc.  clf.ain-  promised’  aboess  [: 
.  .ov.allmaps.  and;.otber ;  data?.tbe:..last;  of  .tbis-:week,;ahd ;.will  .go-,  over- the  details-  j 
.  fully-.,  after,  whioh  If  will  Continue-  my  . examinations:. ahdi.make"  the:  requisite-, 

.If  you  should,;  see. the  . power  .with -too  after:.  I MiaVe:. examined:  the-,  maps 
nto,  I.';  will  wla'dlv  have- you:  aOoomoa' 

send. this  .preliminary;  report,  to-  you  tov post:  you, and  to-  let-. you.  know. that 
I;  have-,  the-  work  lnvpropress.- 

This  old  cabal;. was- built-;  early  in’  the- present- century  for  the  double  ouFose 
of  carrvinn  lumber,  and  of  furnishing  power .  to:  saw  mills* The- declivity  of  the 
oanal- therefore- is. areator  thajv  is  necessary  for  power  purposes, but-  the  width  of 
the:. canal  . is  not-  sufficient;. to;  carry-  the-  whoie-. volume:  of  water  which,  taken 
_from-  the-  river1,  ahd:  it  would,  probably: .be:  advisable.  to’;ma'intaini  a-  portion-  of  ,  this 
declivity:. so-.. ah:  to-aot:.from  a.  canal  of  small  cross.  sectioni-pra'cticallythe  some 
ateounti.of .  water;  ah-  would-be-  delivered. under  less  velooity  in-  a:  larger  cahal.- 
Ploahe:,let;.me .  know  how  soon-  yotr.must;  have:  the-  report; so-,  that:  I;  man-  oua'pe-  iny  . 
work  accordingly, - 


Mr*  S«  0.  Edison  has  handed  ma  the  dead  of 
the  property  of  the  New  Jersey  Iron  Mining  Company,  for  the  pur¬ 
chase  of  which  you  paid  §1,500.  How  shall  I  treat  this  purchase? 
Is  the  property  to  remain  in  your  name  and  on  our  books,  or  is  it 
to  be  transferred  to  the  Concentrating  Works?  The  papers  are  in 

41  Worth  St. 


Engineering  OfficIs, 
25  N.E,  City  Hall  Square, 
Philadelphia,  Pa. 

fhonai  A.  Sell  son.  Esq. 

Philadelphia; April  2nd.  1890.' 

i  i 

Orange;1  N.J.1 

Dear  Slri 

I;baVe:  to’  report  the  following  oonoerntng  the eater  : 
povar  o'ni  the  lower  Susquehanna'  River. The;. locatlan-  of  this  powpr  U 
gl<wn’ In- the  Tenth  Census  Vol. XVI; page  582  Is  Inoorreot.ah  the  old 
crahat  oonstraoted  by  the  Maryland  Cabal  Company  does  not:  atakt-  at: 

Paabh  Bottoa,  bat  3  BUaa  beloa;  that' points 

The  wing  date  commences  olosetoi  the  boundary-  line:  b».U»B»’ 
Pennsylvania!  ahd  Maryland, and  extends  for.  about:  1600  feet:  to>  the 
entrahoe-  to 'the1  Cabal  which  la .14  "#Hea  -above-  Perryvllla.Tbe  entire: 
eahal' ahd  wing:  date  ate  within- the  state  of  Maryland. 


The  fall  of  the  strealn  ah  given1  In'  the  Census  report; via 
80  feet:  Is  a18S*erron^ous,  for  the  levels  of  the  Columbia!  5  Port: 

Deposit.  Railroad  show  that  at’  Haines  Station*^  miles  from  Port 
Deposit:  the  track  Is  79  feet1  above  meatr  tide;' at:  Port.  Deposit;  the: 
traok  la  12  or  14  feet'  above  the  river.  This  leaves  s'  fall  of  85 
feoti- The  levels  of  the  Susquehahna'  and  Tidewater  Cabal, also:  show; 
that'  the  river  at  the  ordinary  the  boundairy  llooi  between' 
Pennsylvania!  ahd  Maryland  la  88.95  feet-  above  mean- tide.-  It1  la  tbereforr 
equitable  In’  the  absenoe  of  ahy  exaCt  boatrumental  aurveys  oV^tbe^ 

Cabal  toi  assume;  the  available  fall  from  the  head  galea  to>  Port:  Deposit: 
to:  be  85  feet;-  Of  this  "Mil  aboot>  26  feet:  Is  obtained  In’  the  .2.1-2- 

alles  from  the  wing  date  toi  the  mouth  of  ConealngorGreelr, of  the 

jreaalntng  fall  about:  20  feet-  osnura  In'  the. 3  miles  between-  the  mouth 
of  Conewlngo'-ahd  Ootoraira!  Creeke,  ahd  about'  20  feet’  between1  the  mouth  i 
of  the  Ootoratsi  Creek  abd  tide  water.ardlatahoe  of  three  ml  lee.-  j 
Allowing  therefore  for  depth  of  flow:  and  for  tba  declivity 
of  the<  deliver  water  ah’  available  tall  of  80  feet  In- 8  1-2  ; 
allea  eah-  be  fairly  eatlmated  for,  which  altb  motors  ofgood  efficient 
oy  should  produoe  about  5  H.P.-  for  eabb  cable  foot:  of  water  passing  : 
the  oahal  per  second.- fm  obtain-  26,000  horse  power  from  this  source  j 


a)  flow  of  6,000  cable  feet-  per  eeeond  will  be  repaired.-  This  at:  a) 
mean-velocity-  of  3  feet:  per  seoond  vcrald  require-  al  eater  way  with  ah’ 
afceat  of  1700  equate  feet;  If  tble  atooaat:  of  power  is  required  at:  one: 
point:  the  old  Maryland  Canal  property- pahnot:^ -be';  depended  oponvahd Hi 

la  doubtfoll  .lt  so’ great:  ai  power  oahi  be  probtlealljr  obtained  ewenvbr 

dividing  the  fall  Into>  tw»<  or  three  parts.  .  If  euoh  power  is  obtain-' 
aUe;:otber  property1  tbah'  that,  of  -  the  Canal  Coapahy  vpuld  -baWe  toi  be: 
furntthed.-for  ln<  Bono  plabes-  tbe-  right:  of  way-  Is  not:;  greater ~thah<  80 
fest;ahd  for  moot-  of  file  dleteliee  the  dlstahoe  it.’ls  100  feet  *Me: 
Alter  allowing;  for  the  slope  of  sldes.a!  flowape  depth  of  5  feet  would 
glve  '  ah’  available  abea)  not:  to<  exoeed  400  squabe  feet  In’  a’  right  of 
wnSr  100  feet:  wlde.ahd  If  the  bahfc#  on’  the  river  side  were  raised, 
tbisobeai  would  be  less.  Therefore  ai- discharge-  of  over  1200  eubto 

feet,  par  seoond. oould  not:  be  obtalnodiunless  some  of  the  head  wab 
at  %honr/ walls:  tonfe  the-,  plabe.  efoabth  . OBbahtawnt*- 
sahrlfloed  to»  obtain'  greater  veloolty^ahd  the  available  power  would 

be-  ray-  6,000  horse  power  .us  1  ng  the  right#  of  the  Maryland  Cahal 
Company- on-ly;  • 

These  figures  abe-  at:  groat,  variance  with  those  given-  in> 
the  Ceneua  report;  vim,  from  71, 000  to’ 94;  600  horse  poger;but' In’ tbe: 

cabry-  this  a^  oahal-  of  immense -abea’  would  be  required; - 

I-  ala  informed  by  Mr. f;H. tooats; Real  Estate  Agent:  of  the 
Philadelphia!  and  Reading  Railroad  Co;  that:  the  Maryland  Cahal  Company 
la  still  in-  aststenee;thd  all  of  tts  rights  are  lntat>t;the  Phlladel- 
Phis’  and  Reading  Rallroqd  Company  oontrotllng  them; - 

The  CMNHi)  ahd  Port  Deposit:  Railroad  bah  been’  built  ■ 
alongside  of  the  Cahal.  and  m  some  iMtahaea  hak  eneroabbed  uponv the 
right:  of  way;hot.  Mr.looals  aSserta  that  by  oontraOt  the  Chesapeake 

and  Pori  Deposit  railroad  Company  agree  to>  restore  the  right:  of  way 
where  ooonplerdfbnti  this  elll  be  veryexpenstve.ahdll:  le  donbtfnl  If 
It  will  be  oabrtad  ootwlihoot  mtgatlonyalthough  the  agreement: 
speolf toally- deolabee  that: -each  restoration'  shall  be- made;- 

Philadelphia,  Pa,  '  ... 

Aseuaing  however  that,  this  restoration-will  be  akteably 
made-,  the:  following  deser lptlon-  ahd  estimate  will  ■  give  you  ahideai 
ot  the  proper  tyiabd  the  probable:  oost:  of  plahtng  It  In-order  tor  q«e 

-'The  wtag  daiD  which  projects  welt  iatgi  ^ia  gtrertyappears 
to'  be  la-  fair  order  b*jst  will  require;,  fome;.  repair.  •  Toi  get  a)  greater 
tall  from  the  rapids.  above  the  wjtng  data  the  Cabal,  would  ,babe- 
"■**!?“&$? iWPf!  ftbd.joarrtedjou^; »ntPi;the:  rf*er*aw  Jbq  railroad 
trabk-enbahknent;  Is  at- the:.  Water**,  edge;.;  The:  date  ah  It.  is  oah-  be 
repaired  tq- divert-  all  od  the  water,  wbioh  the  present:  Canal  right  of 
wair  - oahv. oatry;  It:  connects  with- ah'  islahd  ;|mpwn-  i*  the  deedah  ?raht 
Novi*  wbioh  .contains  4. Ir3 .  acres,  v This  islah* peril!.  of  ah-  ewoeilent, 
wahte  wetr  between'  It:  ahd  the  main-  lahd,To-  construct;  ai  dam,  to-  torn 
this-  weir  will  cost:  say-J  1600  .  , 

Tract:  Nov2  contains  14  oores, ahd  on' It:  the  old'entrahoe 

looks 'abe:  located,  the'  wood  work  has  long  since  decay# diahd  the:  stone 
work  is  somewhat,  damaged. The  width  between-  walls  Is  but  18  feet;' A: 
reconstructlon-of  this  look,  and  the-  erect! pw  of  strong  head  gates,  will 
be  nooessaryi  for  which  such  of  the  atone  oah-  be  used.;  To-make.  .these 

entrance- gates- of  akple  slae  to.  pahs  sumelent  Voluoe  of  water  would 
oost:  about  $5;500  , 

The  locks,  oahal  and  .railroad 'oocupypractloally-atl  of 
Tract:  Noi2, which  Is  ai  narrow  strip  along  the  river  back, ahd  wbioh 
oaht  only  be  widened  «W  heaWy  cutting  Into- abrupt- rook,  fahww  at: 
several  points.  The  Cabal  Is  olose  to- the  rtwer.  for  about  3,000.  feet: 
ahd  , for -pert:  qf  this  distaboe  it:  Is  maintained  by  a  saiatantial  stone 
retaining  Walli-  Bear  Bald.Prior  .the  railroad  again-  , crowds  the  oahal 
ahd  at:  tbta.  statloofnboqt:3r-4  mile  from  the  head  gates!  the  oegleote#. 
..oahal  backs  bake  been’  part* al  ly  cut.  away;  by- ;ai  Creek  -entering-  at.:  that-! 
points  Between:.' Bald  Pri or  ahd  fConewii|gq-  fi^reek ;  1  S*-4  Hies  there  would  , 
be  no-  serious  dlffteultar  in'  widening  or  raising  the  Canal,  for  nob  of 
thle  distance,  neebir two-  alias, the  level  of  the  water  surface  Is  i 

close  to- ahd  sonstlees  below  the  general  surface' lewel.- 


A*  the  baa  of  the  Oahal  la  fllledap.o’  lergeafcounV-of 
•attboould  be  obeaply'  obtalaod.shd  ewaept  ln  tho  points  above-Ben-1 
Monad  tbv  reeonstrnotton<  and  antabgeaenV  of  the  Cabal  Hnotespwn-' 
•*vow  It  the  Railroad  Ooopany  roplane  the  portion- of  tbr  Canal  vbiab 
It  bab  obwtwuotedorraaovedrtbeGahal  oonld  be  pnV  1m  order  tonoafcry 
*ajr  f*O00-enbto  feat;  of  water -per  aeoond-' for 'ebonV  S  6.060' 

Nov2»aen«toned  atovevabd  alao-  frabti  NbtS  {content ng  19  ebraa*r  rood, 
ohd  31  paeebailiahd  tn*o!ttal>tfHbt<4  taontah»nr;44  sbraali- 

Noalr  the  noutb  of  Cona V*  ngo<;  Gr  eoki-B:  8.  -  ahd  Ji  0.  •  Salih  v have 

parobaaed',*,!portton'  of  thoi  Cflrtjpahy,*:  ppoparlr-an!  »hiab  ;lf'’aJ  Btii-iar 

grinding-  qaabtn; with  tbeproperty  fa  Bold  the  right;  to-  avnpeoifted 
ataoant  of  water  Iron  Gonowlngo'-  Croak.  • 

At'  Conairlngo.  Creek  ai  good  alto  for  Bill  powers  could .  be 
-  obtained,-. 

Taking  the  level  of  the-  trab|t  at  tba  bead  gates  at  79  teat: 
above  aeon-  ttde;abd  deducting  14  feeV-tov  Water  level.wBhaVa  ai- level 
of  65  faatv  Tba  level  ol  the  railroad  araistng  st  Gonewtngoi  Creek 
la  70  leetfWblOb  la  .  8  feat  above  the  Water  tn> tbe  data  In-  theoreak. 
The  level  of  this  data  la  therefore  62feet»and  Into-  thts  tba'  Cahal 
oah>  eapty; ahd  a:  fall  ? of  •  eajr:  20  faet^obtalnad; < •  This  with  a)  voinaei  of 
1,000  eubto  foat  per  second  will  prodooeaboat  1600  borsepowerto 
eecwPe  vhlohatr  expenditure  of’:  probably-  $;4;6®0Wlll  be*  robnlfadi  • 

The  original  Conn!  continued  - f  roa  tbledaw.bat -ahnar  entrance 
bonld  be  nadevin-  tbeweewUaatea  bowever,tbe  oonttnnatlon’  of  tba 
Cehat  tba  fornar  lawai, and  f n-fant  biwbar  la  oonaideredvabdtbu 
;  doe.  aot  of  nttilataw  tba  power  atCon.vln*oW#p,uu,r  -  ■ 

For  the  three  ail er between  the  ConewlBgO’-ind  Qotor ate)  Oreekv 

the  railroad  and  mm  i da  nan  Mr  wldebr.ide.tbe  fovaer  enoroabbiag 
MV  little  ov  tba  latter.:  I*  peiwev  tbroegb  Trent  tat*  above  aewttewd 
MM  aleo-  Tract  »0w5  feontalatng  4  3-4  ateealTrehV  KowftfMwtalnlag  16 
abraw  28  perches], Tract  Now  7  [10  acres,  2  rood »  and  20  perebeal -  and 
Trant  Now 8  [eontahlng  1  acre}, Tract  Rsw6  -however- Web  >  sold  In  March  j 
1889,,bnt  tba  Cahal  rlgbt.  of  way  U  rewerved.A  large  tract  of  lahd  i 
of  141  aores  between-  the  Gaftal  abd  tbe  River  wab  sold  in- 1860  for  j 
36,000.  j 

25  K.E.  City  Hall  Square, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

One  third  of  a'  Mle  from  tbe  Ootoraba' Creek  On-  Tract'  So; • 
B.toontabing  40  acres,  2  roods,  30  perohes]  ate  tbe  remlns  of  three 
loeks,ahd  s’ log  chute;  Ch-d  tbe  tract' »H1  pernlt  of  utilising  a:  part 
Of  the  power  here.'  The  old  power  looks  discharged  lntortha  Otstoraka’ 
Creek, which  woe  decreed  to  l  height  of  8  feet,  this  right:  I:  anderetahd 
still  belongs  to  the  Marylahd  Cahal  Coapahy. 

.  .  ,  '.ff:  Oa-newlngoi.  was  uttltted,  and'  the  water 

discharged  into-  s  lower  level, there  wpold  probably  be  18  feet: tall 
here, which  would  gli  we  wltb  1000  cublo  feet  of  water  per  »int*s;>l,600 
horse  power;but  If  the  water  was  not:  taken' front  the  Cahal  at  Conewlngo' 
the  fall  would  be  about  38  feet;  giving  over  3,000  horse  power, If 
discharged  into- the  river  tbe  total  fall  would  give  say  3; 600  HorBe 
power,  but'  the  lower  portion'  of  tbe  Cahal  would,  not'  be  sc  valuable.- 

Tp;  repair  aid  enlarge  the  Cahal  between.  Conewlngo' Bridge 
ahd  the  .  power  locks  In  Traht  No;  9  will' cost,  about  M.0BC 

Tot  reconstruct  ahd  widen:  the- old  looks  ahd  build  a!  new. 
tall  race  to.  river  will  east  $;6,600' 

If  a  new:  dab  Is  built  across  the  Oetarata' It  will  add 
fully  $10,000  to' the  oost. 

If  the  cahal  discharges  Into:  this  new  daft  it.  will 
dooreabe  tbe  fall  available  at  the  Oolaratai  Creek, but  will  cake  the 
lower  stretch  of  the  Cahal, viz  that  between1  Oetarata  Creek  ahd  Port 
Deposit  give  a  bte t tor  fall, ahd  It  would  add  to' tbe  voloce  of  Ootatata 
Creek  tc  the  volume,  froa  the  Cahal.- 

Between  toe 

three  lilies, the  CChal  pasBos  through 

Tract  NO;  10  oontshlng  1  acre, 3  roodp,  1 


•>.  NOill 

Row  ID 

*•"  Rot.  13 
Soil  4 
So;  15. ' 
•:  So;  16 

*:  So;  17 

No;  18 

15  acres. 

9-1-t  seres. 

14  acres, 

1  acres. 

18  stores,  2  roods, 16  perohes. 
67  1-4  screw. 

1  3-'4  acres. 

ES  M 

The-  Cabal  is  not.  elope:  to*  tber railroad  line  for  one  ball 
»I36'  below;  Optatate*  Cr  e ek.bu  t  I a  elpaato*,H  tor  tbs  ne«  Uo  third, 
of  a?  81  le;  Then*  for  one  •  bal f  p'atle:  the  Cabal  abd  railroad  are  sepskate 
atadwhen  they  approach  abate  tbe  railroad  occupies  partpftbeolt  ! 
Cabal  bod  tor  »<  portion-  of  tba  hawtBtle.On:  frabt*  Nb;16  Is  atr  old  ! 
Bill  which  eah' be  ntlltabd  a*  a’  water  power,  ahd  near  this  fn> ftabt- 
Hbvl?  were  tba  lock.. From  tbeae  to* tba  and  of  the  C*ht!  property  Is 
ona  -  bait  a'  atie. this  Outlet  we*  600  faet  baloa  tba  old  Fopt  fappelt 
Bridge**. the  length  of  tba  Cabal  property  froa  this  point-  to.  tba 
Odtapata).  Creek  la  neatly  three:  alios,  '  j 

To*  repair  ahd  widen*  this  portion,  of  the  Cabal,  the 
railroad,  doing  Its  pattMtoold  coat:  about*  *4iOb0ahd  tba  oonptruotlon* 
of  new;  loojta  either  at*  tba.  tqrnt*  Bill  or  below  will  coat  $!.  5,000'  ! 

An*  exatolnatlon*  of  the  property  of  the  Mabylehd  Cabal  Coop-' 
ahy  shows  *1mw^  18  trabts  having,  a-  ooinbinod  area!  of  about*  287  aftrea  j 
Buob  of*  It*  being  narrow  strips  of  labd,  embracing  tba  rl ght  of  way  , 

:  only;-  On*  tbe  bab*s  of  tbe  sale  node;  In- 1869  C141  1-2  acres  tor:  $6,0001 
the' realty  * could,  not  be.  estimated  at*§i3;000  abd  the  valoe  of  some  j 
of  this  depends  upon*  tba  Colombia'  &  Port  Deposit  railroad  Using  up ! 
to.  Us  agreement. with  tbe  Harylahd  CahalCompahy* In* both  the  letter  j 
abd  spirit. 


.  As  above  stated;  tbe  ^ppatbnt  available.  Baklaum  ..power 
whlob  the  property;  of' tbe;M8tylabd;Cehal»C0Bpahy-.pdpld,prodBea 

wiiboot  wery.  litge  ewpendttures  for  aaafconry  walls  l8  6;0^)  borse 
Power.  Thu  oould  be  augmented  if*  the  waters  of  tbe  OetataVe  ebd 
'  ConewiBBo*  Creeks  a-fce  IsPounded  ebd  use^Mt  on  tbe  otber  bahd  the . 

•i:.lfBHBd.rtfbtrof.B«y*Bay;restrir>t;tbB''VpaBB^'of^aUr.-dlwbatBed  by 

■S  tbe  oanal.'  ,■';*■'■• 

Wblle  tt le ,  possible,  teM  pprk  large  plabtsofaeohlneryal 
•aenaalaa.  approabblng  those  ^.obtained  by  oeeah* steabers abd  large 
PBBping  eegtaetyit  seeas  unjBBt  to.  t^ke  ,Wfrltb  aaeb;  large  Bebbtnery 
a’  oonsoaptlon  at  lesa  tbab  2  ponnda.  of  eoal  pet  .bojsr  pet  horse  poser 
Then  6,000  horse  power  :*  2  poandsoqueli  12,  poOfrMn^fc  of  eeel  per 
hoa*i*h!eb. at  1-6  of  •»!  bent  per  poundeqoals  $20* per  boar. ..If  the 

25  H.  E.  CHy  Hall  Square, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

plaht  operates  125  boars  per  week  the  coat  of  fuel  toald  be  $2500'  ! 

per  week,or  say$120i000  par  ateum,  if  thefullpowerwab  used  practice 
ally  oobtlnuously,exoept  Airing  extreme  htgb  eater.' 

To.  put  tbe  oabal  tn'  order  for  use,abd  widen-  tt.  so-  ak  toi 
■oabry-  lgooo.  toi  1*200  cable  feet;  per  second  till  ab  abdve  Indicated 
retire,  ah.  expenditure  of  $30*000  to>  $35, 000, abd' unless  tbe  railroad 

restores  tbe  rt*t‘  Of  ray  tbe  eostP #>41  be  furtbSr  safahOed.  * 

■  'TbO'  aiintaineOte  Of -:8 jf*2^aii*e ;df.Cah«ii  bank.Tepalring  ! 

defectsiahd'  keeping  tbe  water  wajr  free  rill  resutto  eonslderslile 
ahnual  'expensevahd  tbe  bi^j  ;  water  wfitob  iperfodteolly  .ooonrs  ini  tbe 
SttSquehabno’  ehd  lts  tributaries  is.  liable  to.  daltaft®  tbe  . oabal. 1 1; 
would, estimate  tbe  .expen»e  :of  .Batnteinf  Ur  tba  oshSl  ahdiprovtdtnr  il-i 
:  sinking  fund- for  -  damages  at- $10i  000  par  abhum.  -.We  tbanc have  tba 
following .  problem 

Value  of  eoal  toi produce  6,. 000. horse  power  $120,000  per  abnutn.: 
bass  allowaboe  for  repairs  10.000  "i  mt  ] 

Net- value  of  fuail^aved.-  110,000  »r 

This  is  on- the  assumption  of , working  neatly- continuously  j 
for  1.1  months.- if  tba  works  are.  run- 10,15  or  18  hours  for  day-  tbe 
saving  in. fuel  wpuld  be  $50, 000,  $75, 000- abd- $100;  000  respectively.  j 
If  the- estimate  of  the  water  power  is  baked  on'  ah-  abnual  rental  of 
$10  would  represent  ah-ineome  of  $80,000  per  annum. 

To.  repair  the  Gahal  ready  for  operation,  will  cost  not 
less  tbsh.  $30,000  and  possibly  $50*000,  In.  addition!  wheels, Hums, 
etc  smst-  be  provtded.but  these  ate.  eonsfdered  ab  offset  by  tbe  cost. ! 

At.  Conewlngo  Creek, neat  tbetouth  of  the  OotUtata’.ahd  a*  | 
tbe  Airat  Jlil  these  atre  good  sites  for  improving  the  power,  bwtl. 
i InollM  *®  Pfefer  tbe  site  neat  tbe  Qotsteta'  Greek,  abd  believe  3,000 
horse  pover  euttld  be  deweloped  tbere.abd  tbs  -pawn  below-  Ur  Oetarakk! 
Creek  eoeld  be  loproved  later. 

{b  OMClsslon  i  ny  say  tbat  if  addttlowel  labd  i>  obtalnad 
*  large  ohd  Iwportabt  water  power  establisbed  on  a  pabt  of 
tba  property  of  the  Natyiabd  Oabal  Cowpaby, abd  'in-  that  event  it  mal  S 
probably:  beadwfwableto-  utilise  but  a-  portion-  of  the  81*2  ailes.- 

Tlw:  data'  In'  this  report  hati<  been'  obtained  from  at  I  attall  able sources 
exoept'  abtual::  Instrumental  surveyskahd  these  sill  : be -essentia!  tov 

.  form  ah'  absolute  , estimate  of  the  power. aVailablejahd  its  vnluei The  ! 

original  ;oahal  having  . bean.constructed,  for  transporting:  lumber  :wfth 
incidental  provisions  for  obtaintng  sater  power  will  need  com Weratle 
modification'.  tor.  fit'  It  for  o'  conduit  to^oonvey:  water. for -.  power '.‘ontytvi 
The  construction'  of  vertieal^or  sloping: walls ;of: masonry; 
and  increasing  the  velocity  of  flow: where.  the  right;  of  way.  is 
restricted,  ahd  the.  enlaregment;  of  steal  whore  there- is  staple  lahd..vll| 
.permit  of  Increasing  the  quantity  of" water  ■  f losingtper  minute*.but;  it; 
will;;correepondingly  increase  the. expense. 

Iihaye  made  several,  visits,  to  the  property, eKatained^pppt^ 
the  maps  ahd  records  obtainablei.and  present;  the  abo-sto  aB  .. the  result' 
of  my-  inquiries. 

'  ‘  I:  oah'-supply  any  additional  details'  or  aboompahy  you.  j 
over  the  property.  I;  will: cheerfully  do1  so'  .• 

Respectfully  Submitted.' 

iKiNBme,  /  .PERSONAL.  i  i"^ . Sheets.  No. . 

=r  ^ pgL'U^.^, 

.My.  Dear.  Mr.  Edison:  Ci^  y< 

.Answer,  to  your. favor:  of  Aprirr23rdi. has  been; delayed: by; absenoe,. and.: I  'i 
Have  thought,  It ;  only.  J  ust :  to  aakeryou .  the:  following  proposition.  The.  letters^.whloh 
I  have  written. to  you. lately: were  Instigated  by:  a  feeling  that  I . was  not  giving 
you  a  fair,  return,  for  the-  money  paid-,  mei.and.-yet  thlB  was;:  not  ..from,  any  unwllllug- 
ness,:on;  my-  own  part  but  rather  bsoause  you.  tier*:,  so  mboh  engaged:  lub. other: matters 
: that  nothing  was  presented  to  me  from  you  tor  Investigation.  There  are  some 
features,  however  wbloh-I  Intended,  to  present  to  you. as  soon. as. the  data. was  at 
hand,  for  g'l'svln^'  tbiSi.wbioh.:I  think,  will  .be  of  material; aervloe  to  yov^Setween 
this  and  the  first  of  the  year  several'  oonoentratlng;  plants  In 
operation^  whloh-.I  will  be  able  to  give  you  data*  and:  within  that: fife  :X:expeot 
to  have  my  Census  statlstlos  ready  for  publloatlon.after  whloh :  I  will'  be  at 
Liberty  to  use  them.aB  long  as  I  do  not  Interfere  with :  Individual-.  interests. 

-Therefore: to: equalize  matiersand  make- my  servloesv  oommensurate: with 
ooney  reoelved^as;  far:  as: lu). my. power  I  propose If  :yoq:  to  aooept 
-  »ompensatlon  up  to  the:|lrst  .of .  June  nest».aending;you"on  that  date  a  reoeiptln 
full  .for;servloes.  u|.  to  J(anuary.lstil891  That;  Is  .1  propose  tp  oontlnue  as- your 
lonsul ting  engineer .f or. six  months:  wltbout  oompenaatloni. tonokeup:for:thellght 

lerTloes:  whloh.  .were:renderad.-onaooount;:ofryour.absenoe:In-:Burope:  last. -fa|l-.  and 
the- pressure  of  other- business  wbloh.preventedyoufroa.f  ollowlng:  up.  thelineof 

Inquiry  lit  whloh  .  I  would  hayne  been  most  usefulfspf  tr  as:  tp  reoelys  no. soopensatlon 

for  any  servloes  rendered  up.  to  the  1st  of  January  next*  unless  for.  fol^owligr.  out  I 
some  partloular  Inquiry. at. your. dlreottoa. whloh:  would  requires  oonslderable 
ixpendlturein.tlme -or  for: expenses  lnourred.  In  suoh-wor^. 

:0ur  relations  have  bean  so  pleasant:  that  ,;  desirous,  that  you  should  I 
Look, . baqk,. qn. your  qanneotlou. ap  having  bieen.. of  materlal  asslstacoe  to  you^aud 
lellevlng  that:I  oan  aooompH.h  this  end  within  the  next  six  months, I  make. the 

- - - - -  .  .  .  ‘.I—  -i. 

abova  suggestion  freely*  and  in  making  it  I  am;  anxious  that.  you. should thoroughly 
appreoiate  my  feelings  in  the.  matter-  Please  advise  me  if :  this  meets .  yourrjlews, 
and:!  Bill'  aot  aooordlngly. 



ZIho  .  74  fc 

-4aw  (4/4ced 

/20  4/wac/u'a 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Deal’  Sir: 

Re  Nelson  Tract  at  Dunderberg  Mountain.  Your  note 
of  yesterday  has  this  moment  been  handed  me  by  Mr.  Edison  and  Mr. 

de®d.has  been  executed  by  Nelson  and  Wife  and  warrants 
title.  Nelson  thinks  you  ought  to  take  the  land  on  his  warranty, 
without  waging  for  me  to  examine  the  title.  The  County  Seat'  of 
TMr  £iand  °0Un.ty,iS  at  New  City’  several  miles  back  of  Haverstraw. 
I® somebody  from  my  office  to  go  there  to  examine  the  title, 
would  take  until  Tuesday,  that  is  to  say  it  would  take  one  day. 

Vmt  via  "Cl,  U  fe^s,on  ffi11  wait  for  that  to  be  done,  if  you  insist, 
but  he  says  he  had  hoped  to  get  the  money  today.  Will  you  take 
your  chances  about  the  title?  If  so,  please  send  cheque  to  me  by 
bearer,  for  $3,00°,  drawn  to  the  order  of  Thomas  Nelson.  Do  you 
prefer  to  withhold  paying  the  money  until  I  search  the  title?  If  so 
send  word  to  that  effect  by  bearer. 

.  Ev0n  if  you  take  your  chances  on  the  title,  would 
ear™  date? 18 8  ^  t0  S°  UP  ^  V9rify  the  title  anyWay*  at  an 

I  should  add  that  the  warranty  deed  of  Nelson.  , 

Sirs  rri'antS  that  y°U  hSVe  S  S°°d  title’  binds  him  and  his 
heirs,  and  he  assures  me  that  he  is  financially  responsible. 

Kindly  send  your  instructions  by  bearer,  and  they 
shall  have  my  immediate  attention. 



Re  Dunderberg  Land  Purchased  from  Nelson.  I 
beg  to  say  that  our  investigation  at  the  County  Seat  of  Rockland 
County  showed  everything  to  be  about  right,  and  yesterday  the  deed 
was  passed  and  we  gave  Mr.  Nelson  your  cheque'.  I  shall  now  have 
the  deed  duly  recorded,  and  then  send  you  a  full  report  with  the 
deed  itself. 

Of  course  you  know  that  Nelson  has  reserved  the 
right  to  cut  timber  until  February  I,  1892.  Mr.  S.O.Edison  told 
me  you  knew  it,  and  had  consented  thereto. 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  X  remain, 
Very  truly  yours. 

S.B. Eaton, 

a  thiJUst '<j 

Pursuant  to  your  letter  received  on  the  20th 
inst.,  I  have  prepared  a  form  of  license  between  the  Ore  Milling 
Company  and  yourself,  for  the  six  counties  in  this  State  named 
in  your  letter,  and  enclose  one  copy  of  the  same  herewith,  for 
your  criticism  and  approval, 

I  also  enclose  a  printed  copy  of  the  agreement 
between  the  Ore  Milling  Company  and  the  Concentrating  Works,  dated 
November  18,1839,  and  have  marked  with  black  lines  the  places  where 
changes  have  been  made.  In  reading  these  documents,  you  can  assume 
that  no  substantial  changes  have  been  made  except  where  I  have 
marked  with  black  lines'. 

In  the  fifth  se  ction  of  your  contract,  how  many 
tons  per  day  do  you  guarantee?  I  have  left  the  amount  blank. 

Kindly  return  to  me  the  three  enclosures  with 
your  coirments ,  and  I  shall  then  pass  the  matter  along  to  Mr.  Insull 
to  be  acted  on  by  the  Ore  Milling  Company. 

Awaiting  your  reply, 

Very  ■ 

Enclosures:  Letter  from  Mr.  Edison  to  Mr.  Eaton,  received  May20; 

Printed  agreement  of  Nov.  18,1889,  between  Ore  Milling  Company  and 
Concentrating  Works;  and  draft  of  proposed  agreement  between  Ore 
Milling  Company  and  Mr.  Edison,  These  three  documents  are  to  be 
returned  to  Mr,  Eaton', 

'  STATE  OP  NEW  YORK,  ) 

Oity  and  Oounty  of  Now  York,  ) 

T  H  0  M  A  S  N  »  1  S  0  N,  being  duly  sworn,  da- 
poses  and  says:  That  ho  resides  in  the  Oity  of  New  York 
i  and  is  the  person  named  as  grantor  in  a  certain  warranty 
deed,  dated  the  day  of  May,  I860,  by  which  said  deed 

the  following  described  premises  are  conveyed  in  fee  to 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  to  wit: 

The  Sheldon  lot,  of  Andrew  June,  situated  in  the 
Town  of  stony  Point,  Rockland  Oounty  more  particularly 

described  as  follows:  BEGINNING  in  the  centre  of  the 
Public  Road  leading  from  Caldwell's  to  Mountville,  adjoih- 
^iing  the  land  of  said  Andrew  June  at  a  point  bearing  South 
^  tWenty_five  aegrooB  Waat  seventeen  links  from  a  letter  L. 
U °Ut  in  ®  r0Ck  on  tha  North  8ida  of  said  road,  and  running 
from  thence  along  the  centre  of  said  road:  1st.  South 
fifty-four  degrees  Bast  nine  chains'' and  ninety  links; 

[2nd.  East  two  ’'chains;  5rd.  North  sixty-nine  degrees  East 
Ptwo  chains  and  forty-six  links;  4th.  South  eighty-two  de- 
"*  Rre°8  Eaot  four  chains  aiid*eighteen  links;  8th.  North 
iseventy-two  degrees  Bast  nine  chains  and  thirty-four  links; 
|0th.  North  sixty-two  degrees  Bast  two  chains  and  fifty-five 
j links;  7th.  South  eighty-eight  degrees  Bast  four" chains 
and  eight  links;  8th.  South  eighty-four  degrees  Bast  throe 
P chains  and  ninety-three* links;  6th.  North  eighty-eight  de- 
i  Sreos  Bast  six  chains  and  si^links  to  a  point  in  said  road 
| opposite  a  hole  drilled  in  the  foot  of  a  sliding  rook  on 
,  the  South  aide  of  said  road  and  adjoining  the  Hend*$on  lot;, 

»  t 



thenoo  alone  eaid  Hend^eon  lot,  South  twenty-two  and  one- 
half  degrees  West  sixty-four  o&ains  to  a  pile  alf  etonee  fbr 
a  corner  on  tho  line  of  the  Herbert  lot;  thence  along  said 
Herbert  lot  North  fifty  degrees  West  forty-three  chains  to 
the  land  of  Fanny  Herbert;  thence  alone  the  land  of  eaid 
Fanny  Herbert  and  land  of  eaid  Andrew  Juno  North  twenty- 
five  degrees  East  thirty-Bix  chains  to  the  place  of  begin¬ 
ning,  containing  one  hundred  and  ninety-seven  and  fifty- 
nine  one -hundredths  aoreB  of  land. 

That  deponent  is  tho  eamo  person  mentioned  in  a  oer-  j 
tain  judgment  for  Sixty-one  and  66-100  dollars  costs,  en¬ 
tered  in  tho  Office  of  the  County  Clerk  of  Rockland  County,  j 
on  the  30th  day  of  September,  1885,  in  favor  of  William  E.  j 
Smith  against  Thomas  Nelson,-  George  P.  Nelson  and  Uriah 
Hill;  that  the  eaid  judgnent  is  entered  against  defendant 
in  his  representative  capaoity  as  exeoutor  of  the  oatato  of 
deceased,  and  not  individually,  and 
that  said  judgment  hae  been  satisfied,  although  not  so 
marked  of  record. 

That  there  are  no  other  Judgments  against  deponent 
either  in  the  State  or  Federal  Courts  in  this  8tate,  and 
'that  there  are  no  liens  or  encumbrances  of  record  against 
:  the  above  described  property, 

:  Sworn  to  before  me  this  ) 
day  of  May,  I860.  ) 


Dear*  Mr.  Edison: - 

I  find  that  my  memory  was  right  last  night  when 
I  told  you  that  the  guarant eed  JS)4a^ies  touching  the  Ogden  mine 
had  been  paid.  I  shall  send  tomffull  details- about  it  the 
first  of  next  week. 

Very  truly  yours, 

June  14  th.1, 1890, 1 

S.'  B.  Eaton  per  C,' 


1 87,o 

&-<j£) ft 

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(JJ  -X^..  W  *f  '  VI4TVU  Ir^d-^y  <>--<x> 

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■  /O-b.3  -<f?  A ML  ^  ■> V  A 



Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq 
Dear  Mr  Edison: 

<£>  0 

/  /  ^ 

I  was  sorry  to  have  missed  you  yesterday  but  have 
read  over' your  note  with  interest  and  would  suggest  that  as  it  is 
a  very  easy  trip  to  Brewster,  we  leaving  New  York  at  11,10  A  M,  re¬ 
turning  arriving  at  9  o’clock,  giving  us  a  full  half  day  there, 
that  youin  the  course  of  a  week  or  so,  run  up  there  with  me  and 
see  the  immense  extent  of  ore  that  we  have,  our  crushing  plant  etc 
which  I  am  enlarging  for  a  crushing  capacity  of  60  tons  per  hour 
and  I  have  no  doubt  that  we  can  arrive  at  some  satisfactory  ar¬ 

There  are  many  interesting  points  in  relation  to  the  position 
of  our  mines  vAiich  are  extremely  favorable,  and  which  I  can 
thoroughly  explain  to  you, 

I  will  hold  myself  in  readiness  to  go  practically  any  day 
that  you  desire.  - 

Yours  truly 

J  D  Cheever,  Lessee 
per  Cummings 


4ri sL^. 

— *~^ — /  — -y  v-A-~~^/<i— 

■£5  Cac^'"^ f,^'tj 

School  of  Mines,  Columbia  College, 


NEW  YORK, . July  14-Mi, . 18g  0 

Gentlemen:  C./S  / 

The- last  time  I  met  Mr.  Edison  he  told  me  that  'in  a  short ^tirne  ( ^ 
his  apparatus  for  concentrating  iron  ore  would  be  in  full  operation 
and  that  I  might  have  an  opportunity  to  inspect  it  at  the  works. 

I  am  particularly  desirous  to  do  this  on  account  of  a  friend  of 
mine  who  has  a  large  tract  of  land  , in  Northern  New  York,  and  he 
thinks  the  apparatus  might  be  of  use  to  him.  Will  you  kindly  drop 
me  a  line  and  let  me  know  if  it  is  in  working  order,  and  if  my 
friend  and  myself  would  be  permitted  to  inspect  it  if  we  visited 
the  works,  and  how  to  get  at  them? 

Very  sincere!'-'  yours, 

C.  F.  Chandler, (per  F.) 

To  the  N.  J.  &  Penna.  Concent rating  Company. 

,  J Jji.  Ac  iwvf  6/.O.CC.  O'UV.y'  jj}.{ 0  <x.s\T-‘ 

'■■  ;  ;cJrZfc&£  :  K&a./frq^sAcrc*,,  ,.,  t&Zft ■.  ife]Pcjv‘ , 

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New  York , . July...21..,189.0.. 

Enclosed  please  find  letter  received  from  the  Superin¬ 

tendent  of  the  "Rocky  Mountain  District",  in  regard  to  some  appar¬ 
atus  for  separating  gold  and  silver  ores. 

I  thought  you  might  wish  to  take  up  this  matter  HWLth 
Mr.  Coster,  the  District  Manager,  direct.  If  however,  you  wish 
us  to  take  any  action  in  connection  with  the  same,  we  will  be  very 
pleased  to  carry  out  any  directions  that  you  may  give  in  regard 
to  it.  (‘ 

'  Prep 0,-4* 


zi  ClAJLy 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq, 
Dear  Sir:- 

4T-  ***■/*>’  yfo 

/20  equita  QLE  BUILDING) 

C  <S.«yiyd.^  ^  faL./£e.\AjL  &C 

**  ^A4--('i4way'i 

Pursuant  to  the  request  of  Mr.  Perry,  received 
by  us  over  the  telephone,  we  send  you  herewith  copies  of  the 
leases  of  the  Ogden  Iron  Company,  the  Sussex  County  Iron  Com¬ 
pany  and  Michael  Lienau,  covering  the  Ogden,  Davenport  and  Lehigh 
Valley  Mines.  The  Lienau  lease  covers  an.  undivided  one-fourth 
interest  of  the  Lehigh  Valley  Mine,  but  is  substantially  the  same 
inform  as  the  Coplay  lease,  covering  Hn  undivided  one-half  interest, 
and  the  unexecuted  Hare  lease j,cove ring  the  remaining  undivided 
one-fourth  interest.  The  Coplay  lease  and  the  proposed  Hare  lease 
are  both  in  the  hands  of  Mr.  Elliott  and  we  are  therefore  unable 
to  send  copies. 

There  are  no  maps  or  other  data  in  our  possession  in 
reference  to  any  one  of  these  mines. 

Hoping  the  above  will  prove  satisfactory  to  you„#B£/re- 


Very  truly  yours, 


Z  l  f  t 

//'  .  ,'-p 

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me  “conle 



James  H.  Lancaster, 

169  and  17 1  Broadway, 

New  York/U.  S.  A.....4ug.uat....27..tii, . isqo..  1 89 

therefore  shall  be  glad  to  know  your  pr^i 

sJ^R^R.  : 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq . , 

Orange,  W.  J., 

Dear  Sir: — Yours  of  the /£5tii  Asl^bceil^ijt?^  tom- 

plate  the  erection  of  one  (IrolSr  Wei  Plants]  in  {Jersey  Cifv,  a*nd 

•ates  deliv¬ 
ered  on  cars  at  your  nearesW.  *R.  Depot  for  shipm^pt  ot  Jers^ 

°lty’  c{- 

Hr.  Conley  and  myself  would  also  biyiieaseflo  hj(ye  a  (L& 
personal  interview  with  you,  f^j^ti^wiil  kindly  i 
place  for  same. 


V/lien  buying  more  Cru 
special  quotations  for  the  "Le| 

been  proved  to  be  so  efficient  crashing  purples. 

Meantime  I  am,  dear  Si* 

1  I 

s  very  truly, 

p«psv  Could  we  not  arrange  to  erect  one  of  our  Steel  Plants 

•S',  vihidh  h 

or  near  your  Concentrating  Plant  at  Ogden,  N.  J.? 


R  PLEASE  ADDRESS  REPLY  TO  September  15th, 1890. 

16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq., 

Orange ,N.J. 

Dear  Sir 

We  enclose  you  herewith  a  letter  from  F,  P.  Dewey 
of  Washington, D.C .  ,and  have  also  sent  you  a  sample  of  ore  whi  da 
he  refers  to, to-day. 

We  have  written  Mr.  Dewey  stating  that  we  have  referred  this 
matt  a*  t  o  you ,  . 

£  ^  ^ 

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J  &  LEWIS  „  /■•<}(? ft ^/(EQUITABLE  building: 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Dear  Sin: 



Referring  to  your  mineral  land  on  Dunderberg  Moun¬ 
tain,  please  find  enclosed  a  notice  dated  the  I7th  inst.  from  School 
Tax  Collector  S.B.Gamson,  Port  Montgomery,  stating  that  your  School 
Tax  now  due  is  §13.34  if  paid  by  the  29th  inst.  Will  you  take 
charge  of  this  yourself  or  do  you  desire  me  to  do  so? 

Other  local  taxes  will  be  due  this  Autumn  on  the 
said  property.  Would  it  not  be  well  for  you  to  decide  now  whether 
you  will  look  after  these  taxes  regularly  yourself  or  whether  you 
wish  me  to?  I  shall  take  pleasure  in  carrying  out  any"  in¬ 
structions  you  may  give. 

I  should  add  that  this  school  tax  is  properly  paid 
by  you  and  not  by  Mr.  Nelson  because  the  tax  was  not  due  when  he 
sold  the  land. 

Awaiting  your  commands,  X  remain, 
Very  truly  yours, 

Orange  N.  J, 

Dear  Sirt 

Referring  to  your  latter  of  May  29th  ’9o 
wiil  you  please  inform  me  about  what  Magnetic  Sep¬ 
arating  Machines  of  looo  and.  2ooo  tons  daily  capac 
ity  of  rook,  will  cost? 

Yours  respectfully 

jrrir~ .  bakes  a»»  hibeenia  mines, 


*  BOONTON,  N,  J.  lMm'  r'roprlolor, 


k ^ 


Dae  onto  a  r  8fch,13C0. 

Thomas  A 

Daa  :■  'Sir 


you  may 

,  -C^ 

Orange  ,  N.J.  ^AvV'' 

/%-n?  I 

I  hard  you  herewith  original  of  a  letter  from  H.T.Hel) 

machine  for 

i  magnet 

of  Tiffin,  Ohio  ,  with  referer 
Oil  Fields. 

This  letter  is  re  ferret)  to  you  for  such  at 
thinh  necessary. 

6u  - 

hmsoN  General  Electric  Co. 





NOTE— This  confirmation  ehould  Oe  cheeked  with  the  original  mcs.age  immediately  on 
n  correal  unlee.  ndni.ed  to  the  contrary  by  telephone. 

From  whom  received ,  Samuel  Insull , 

To  whom  Mw*. Thoms  A.  Edison,  Esqr.,  Edisn  n  Laboratory,  Orange ,  N.J. 

I  have  just  sent  a  strong  dispatch  to  Ware,  with  rela¬ 
tion  to  the  pushing  through  of  the  machines  for  Ogden. 

1  do  not  thinls  sufficient  energy  is  devoted  to  this  work 

down  at  the  Phonograph  Works. 

Probably  a  strong  word  from  you  on  the  subject,  might 
hojp  the  thing  along. 

V/e  have  got  a  very  large  investment  att  Ogden, which  is 
practically  dependent  upon  the  getting  out  of  thee  machines.  I 
•think  that  if  Ballou  understood  this  from  you,  that  he  would  manage 
to  get  them  out  more  quickly. 



r  "  0iO  EbISQN  LAB0RAT0RY. 

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‘Ard\  dJ^  .kl™. 

-XtXjjb . 

Mr*  Edison, - 

With  reference  to  the  attached  letter  from  Major 
Eaton  in  regard  to  Mining  Leases.* 

■  The  matter  of  these  leases  oomes  up  from  time  to  time  in  my, 
office,  and  I  wrote  to  Major  Eaton,  asking  who  was  attending  to 
the  payments  involved  thereunder,  being  desirous  of  having  defi¬ 
nitely  defined  the  extent  to  whioh  n v  office  is  to  be  responsible 
for  the  keeping  of  Records  of  payment  etc.  These  leases  seem  to 
be  passing  through  the  hands  of  a  good  many  people,  and  Major 
Eaton  i3  in  perhaps  the  beet  position  of  any  one  to  take  entire 
charge  of  them.  Please  indicate  your  wishes  in  the  matter. 

)\  *•  •  •  *** 


Co  ^  ~bh  ’P  !: 



A. 0. Tats,  Esq.  Private  Secretarv, 
hear  sir: 

Re  Mining  leases.  Your  valued  favor  of  tho  6th  inst  is;; 
just  at  hand.  You  ask  who  is  keeping  track  of  tho  payments  to 
be  made  under  the  various  mining  leases.  I  am  glad  you  asked  tho 
question  because  it  ought  to  be  definitely  settled  who  is  responsi¬ 
ble.  It  is  too  vital  to  be  left  lying  around  loose  as  at  present. 

Tito  things  will  require  careful  attention  at  fixed  per¬ 
iods,  viz:  payment  of  the  guaranteed  royalties  and  the  taxes.  The 
former  must  be  made  promptly  by  a  certain  date,  or  the  leases  might 
be  d  eclared  void. 

So  far,  I  am  not  attending  to  any  of  these  payments, 
save  and  except  the  taxes  for  this  year  on  Mr.  Edison's  Bundenberg 
Mountain  property.  He  gave  mo  instructions  to  attend  to  that. 

But  that  is  (the  only  ohe-.of  all  the  properties,  whether  belonging 
to  him  or  to  the  Conconttaating  Works,  which  I  am  looking  after 
in  this  regard, 

I  suggest  that  you  call  this  matter  to  Mr.  Edison's  at¬ 
tention.  If  he  wishes  me  to  look  after  these  payments'  for  all 
tie  properties  whether  belonging  to  him  personally  or  to  the  Con¬ 
centrating  Works,  I  shall  gladly  do  so,  both  as  regards  guaranteed 
amounts  and  taxes.  But  I  would  like  specific  instructions  to  do  it 
and  I  shall  then  put  it  on  my  office  diary  of  future  events  and 
take  sole  charge  personally.  Lawyers  keep  track  of  future  dates 
with  exactness,  because  their  business  requires  it.  for  that 
reason  I  could  attend  to  this  perhaps  more  faithfully  than  any¬ 
body  else.  You  have  a  copy  of  my  tabulated  schedule. 

I  am  under  the  impression  that  either  Mr.  Butler  or 
Mr.  Perry  is  looking  after  those  payments  so  far  as  the  property 
of  the  Concentrating  Works  is  concerned.  But  I  hope  that  you 
will  make  this  correspondence  between  you  and  me  a  basis  for  having 
the  whole  matter  settled,  so  that  it  may  be  definitely  located,  as 
suggested  in  your  letter. 

Hoping  the  above  will  meet  your  approval,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours 



&('{/// (  Equ  ITABLE  I 

Otsk  A*. 

Dee.  23rd.. 1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange ,  N.  J. , 
Dear  SirJ- 

Re  Dunderberg  Mining  Property.  Y/e  have  had 
your  deeds  recorded,  and  return  them  to  jou  herewith.  They  a- e 
Andrew  June  and  Emeline,  his  wife,  to  Thomas  Nelson, and  Thomas 
Nelson  and  Cornelia  1.,  hiw  wife  ,  to  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Eie  reason  that  we  have  not  returned  them  to  jou  sooner 
is  because  we  have  just  received  them  from  the  ffounty  Clerk 

Very  truly  yours. 

v/ho  recorded  them. 

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Hri  Edison,- 

We  have  in  our  safe  a  Deed,  The  Hew  Jersey 
Iron  Mining  Company  to  Thomas  A'.  Edison,  dated  29th  day  of  January, 
1390,  Butler  has  aslced  me  to  send  over  to  the  office  of  the  H ev/1 
Jersey  &  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works  any  deeds  or  leases  that 
are  the  property  of  that  Company’.  This  is  the  only  one  xre  have . 
Does  it  belong  to  .them? 

A'.  0!.  T  a 


Q\rc,t t.qe_-  — 


Schenectady,  N,  Y,,  ■  / 

1890.  Mining  -  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Company  (D-90-45) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  regarding  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Walter  S.  Malloiy, 
secretary-treasurer  and  general  manager  of  the  company.  Some  of  the 
documents  pertain  to  production  difficulties  at  the  company’s  ore  milling  plant 
in  Humboldt,  Michigan,  which  was  destroyed  by  fire  on  December  3,  1890. 
There  are  also  letters  about  the  survey  of  mining  properties,  the  distribution 
of  stock,  and  other  financial  matters. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  regarding  stock  assessments,  orders,  and  shipment  of 
equipment;  letters  of  transmittal;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  items; 
documents  that  duplicate  information  in  selected  material. 

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K  AND  -Hi- 

Mrs!  Dear  Mr  Edison; 


7  ^ 

Returned  from'£ake  Superior  region  this  A.  M.  - - 

While  there,  did  all  that  could  do  about  leases,  in-as-much 
as  there  is  from  24  to  36"  of  snow  all  over  the  magnetic  region, 
-  nothing  can  be  done  in  the  way  of  surveys  for  the 


present,  ««  have  started  to  get  all  of  the  options  we  can 

with  the  privilege  of  making  surveys  later  on./ We  will  probably 

have  some  little  difficulty  in  getting  some  options,  as  owing  to 

the  boom  in  the  iron  market, /;  every  man  who  has  a  hole  in  the 

ground -has  a  fortune,  and  so  some  will  be  hard  to  deal  with, 

however  will  take  little  more  time,  and  will  try  and  get  the 

best  of  them.  Also  learned  that  a  lot  of  magnetvore  had  been 


discovered  on  Menominee  range,  (100  miles  nearer  Chicago  than 
Marquette  range)  all  of  which  is  quite  lean,  will  cover  this 
thoroughly,  and  will  keep  you  posted  from  time  to  time. 

Respectfully  yours. 



Orange,  N.  J. 

Ivly  Dear  Sir; 

As  I  stated  to  you  in  my  last  letter,  owinfe  to  the 
snow,  we  are  unable.. to  do  any  surveying  or  exploring;  however 
I  am  going  right  ahead  with  the  options,  and  have  my  lines  out 
in  a  good  many  directions. 

As  I  come  to  get  into  the  matter,  I  find  that 
there  are  a  good  many  more  properties  than  I  had  expected. 

Is  it  your  idea,  that  we  endeavor  to  control  everything,  or  only 
the  most  desirable  points?  Would  like  to  hear  from  you  fully 
on  this  point. 

As  Mr  Swarts  is  not  going  to  be  of  very  much 
assistance  m  the  matter  of  getting  these  options,  I  am  anxious 
to  put  him  to  work,  getting  the  new  machines  out,  but  we  are 
unable  to  do  anything  definite,  until  hear  from  you,  as  to  what 
deoided  in  the  way  of  new  magnets.  We  want  particularly 
to  know,  if  there  has  been  any  changes  in  the  sizes, 
know  how  to  arrange  to  have  the  machines  built,  also 

3.  to  the 

T.  A.  E.  (2) 

strength,  as  if  they  are  stronger  than  those  now  made  at  the 
Laboratory,  it  will  make  some  difference  in  the  distances.  If 
we  know  exactly  all  these  points,  we  can  have  the  machines 
built  to  drawings,  and  so  save  any  changes  afterwards. 

Kindly  let  me  hear  as  soon  as  possible,  the 
results  arrived  at,  and  oblige. 

Respectfully  yours. 

W.  S.  M. 

Ist  90 

My  Deai'  Mr  Edison; 

Received  the  enclosed  to  day  from  a  Cleveland  friend, 
who  is  interested  in  business  with  Judge  Burke. 

On  reading  the  letter  it  seemed  to  me,  that  he 
wanted  to  pump  me,  so  I  have  replied;  "that  I  know  nothing 
about  the  matter,  but  have  written  you,  and  will  let  him  know 
your  reply" 

It  is  probable,  that  the  Cleveland  parties  will 
see  my  letter,  and  so  should  you  wish  to  make  any  special  point, 
if  you  will  write  it,  I  will  send  it  to  him.  I  suggest  this 
thinking,  that  it  might  be  a  good  chance  to  do  a  little  "fine 
Work"  if  you  wish. 

Respectfully  yours. 

XT  jVw'  •S'yw  oJ  c f|p 

_  -'•Ivwv- 

<vuw-  o~j  vw^  ''t+v-vik-*  Va-!A'V->  ^ 


Cleveland,  0.  Jany  31st  90 

W.  S.  Mallory  Esq; 

My  Dear  Sir; 

Judge  Burke,  and  other  parties  in  Cleveland,  have  bought 
up  a  large  tract  nearly  IOOOOacres  of  mineral  land  in  Canada, 
north  of  the  Georgian  Bay,  and  a  little  south  of  Sudbury,  which 
is  at  the  junction  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  R.  R.  ard  one  running 
south  towards  Toronto,  I  believe.  It  is  thought  to  be  a  very 
rich  property,  and  contains  immense  deposits  of  Copper  ore, 
and  Nickel.  Mr  Edison  has  been  here  to  interview  them  about 
it,  and  they  tell  me,  he  has  made  a  proposal  to  take  the  entire 
production  of  "Mat"  (as  they  call  it)  being  the  copper  and 
nickel  mixed  in  a  crude  state  after  being  smelted,  something  the 
nature  of  pig  iron. 

Mr  Edison,  they  say;  has  offered  to  make  a  twenty 
years  contract,  to  take  this  product  from  their  smelters,  and  he 
to  refine  and  reduce  it  into  Ingot  Copper  and  bars  of  Nickel. 


There  is  a  little  division  of  opinion  among  the  Stockholders, 
which  is  best  to  do,  either  to  put  up  their  own  works  to  do  the 
concentrating  proposed  by  Mr  Edison,  or  let  him  manage  it  in  his 
own  way,  and  pay  them  a  stipulated  price,  or  royalty  for  the 
"Mat " 

I  think  the  Judge  is  disposed  to  entertain  Mr 
Edisons  plan,  and  his  influence  will  go  far  towards  deciding, 
as  he  I  think,  is  the  largesr  owner. 

The  Judge  rather  advises  me  to  get  some  of  this 
stock  if  I  can  at  a  fair  price,  and  I  am  in  a  way  to  get  hold  of 
a  little  I  think,  if  it  is  all  right. 

The  capital  stock  is  $2,100,000  and  is  selling 
at  $1.25,  but  X  think  I  can  get  a  few  thousand  at  $1.15.  They 
now  have  works  capable  of  producing  forty  tons  of  "Mat"  a  day, 
and  the  Judge  claims;  it  can  be  done  to  a  great  profit,  so  much 
I  blush  to  name  it.  Now,  I  would  like  to  interview  Mr  Edison 
briefly  about  this  scheme,  and  if  possible  get  his  opinion 
about  it,  and  determine  the  advisability  of  taking  some  of  this 


-Si-  TANK  AND  -:|f- 



_ jjjl.v- _ 





stock,  and  a  little  of  the  one  fourth  that  he  offers  to  the 
Stockholders  in  this  Co.  to  take  in  the  Company  stock  he  proposes 
to  form  to  carry  out  his  part  of  the  programme.  It  may  be  worth 
the  while  to  both  of  us  to  take  a  little  venture  in  such  a 
crowd . 

Expecting  to  go  to  Meridin  in  a  few  days,  I 
thought  best  to  .call  your  attention  to  the  gentle  little  schema, 
and  if  you  thought  I  could  get  an  interview  with  Mr  Edison  about 
it,  might  be  willing  to  give  me  a  letter  of  introduction,  in  case 
I  should  conclude  to  florae  him,  and  at  the  same  time  you  might 
get  his  opinion,  whether  it  might  be  to  your  interest  to 
give  the  subject  a  little  attention  by  way  of  investment.  It 
certainly  looks  and  sounds,  to  have  them  tell  it,  like  a  very 
big  thing,  with  a  future,  that  ought  to  throw  the  Calumet  and 
Hecla  into  obscurity.  It  is  certainly  not  an  extravagant  price 
for  10,000  acres  of  such  wonderfully  rich  mineral  land  as  they 
seem  to  really  show;  with  R.  R.  facilities  and  several  workings 
on  it,  giving  promise  of  such  great  results.  Please  think  it 


over,  and  do  what  you  think  best  about  giving  me  a  chance  to 
see  Mr  Edison.  _ 

-*-BEAD  AND  -*• 

Feby  3rd  90 

.  f yirU7' 

My  DeaWllr  Edison; 

In  working  up  the  options  I  have  found  several 
properties,  which  while  they  are  of  no  special  value  to  us  for 
the  separating  process,  because  the  ore  is  not  so  it  can  be 
blasted,  probably  contains  some  bodies  of  good  ore,  at  leat 
the  iron  belt  runs  through  them.  Some  of  these  we  can  get 
options  on  for  very  little  cost  to  us,  and  if  the  magnetic 
survey  results  are  reliable,  there  might  be  some  money  in  our 
taking  them.  Personally,  X  know  very  little  about  the  purveys,  • 
and  wish  you  would  advise  me  ftally  on  the  question^ we  can  go 
onto  a  property,  and  determine  closely  what  it  contains,  and 
with  the  discovery  you  have  made,  as  to  the  different  %  of 
magnetism  that  various  ores  posess,  and  so  tell  not  only  near 
the  quantity,  but  also  about  quality,  it  will  pay  us  wen  to  take 
them.  I  have  now,  one  propertjin  particular,  which  looks  well, 
but  which  I  will  not  close  up  until  hear  from  you. 

Awaiting  your  reply,  learn, 

Respectfully  yours. 

t  <5v4-  ' 


1  * 

oe  b'ts  «jc 


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BEAD  AND  -i|«- 

contents,  and  will  be  governed  accordingly,  however  should  like 
to  hear  from  you,  as  to  your  ideas  on  magnetic  surveys,  so  as  to 
know  best  in  case  any  new  property  should  come  up,  on  which 
there  was  a  possible  speculation.  A  good  many  properties 
Michigan  I  find  come  dangerously  near  to  being  profitable,  and 
which  with  the  aid  of  such  machinery,  we  doubt  but 

W>  J 

what  could  be  made  so.,  if  can  obtain  any  of  these,  on  good 
terms,  1  am  inclined  to  do  so,  of  course  it  will  all  depend 
upon  what  I  hear  from  you  in  regard  to  the  accuracy  of  these 

Respectfully  yours 

W.  S  M. 

-*•  TANK  AND  -:|i- 

UOJLlll!  ’TUlMaSS, 

’  RANDOLPH  warehQlTs ES :  { 



#  BEAD  AND  ,> 

-Peby  3th  90 

Mr  T.  A.  Edison; 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  telegram;  Outside  dimensions 
not  changed,  go  ahead"  and  we  will  proceed  at  once,  to  . 
manufacture  six  machines.  I  desire  to  write  you  early  in  the 
week  fully  inregard  to  the  ore  deposits  I  have  found,  there  are 
so  many  of  them,  that  I  need  your  advice  as  to  what  to 

Respectfully  yours  j 

Will  you  kindly  advise  me,  if  you  have  ordered  the  magnetSand 
coils  from  •-/  ^  - 

td  O' 

-v-  TANK  AND  -C- 

G*QDllR'r>i'/'o..-.  hr 

JH-  ^ 

.1303X3211  TUJ333S, 

RANDOLPH  waS^ES;  (  7.9..0  12  K  5 


Mr  M.  A.  Batchelor; 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir; 

I  am  in  receipt  of  yours  of  the  13th  in  regard  to  the 
size  and  speed  of  shaft  on  the  separators,  and  in  reply  would 
state,  I  am  unable  to  give  you  the  information  to  day,  as  Mi’ 
Swarts  is  away  on  a  trip;  expect  him  back  however  Monday,  and 
will  then  write  you  fully.  I  am  in  receipt  to  day  of  pattern 
for  magnet,  and  would  like  to  hear  from  you  fully,  as  to  whether 
it  is  better  for  us  to  have  these  magnets  made  here, 
and  run  the  tta.spnirarfa*fes*~  of  not  getting  the  right  mixture, 
or  having  them  made  at  Schenect°y,  where  they  will  be  under  your 
control,  and  where  you  will  know  what  is  being  put  into  them, 
as  I  understand  the  magnet  to  be  a  success  has  to  be  made  of 
certain  mixtures  of  iron,  and  if  made  otherwise  than  this  takes 
more  electricity  for  the  same  given  power.  It  seems  to  me 
that  it  would  be  economy,  in-as-much  as  we  can  only  save  the 
difference  in  freight,  to  have  this  done  where  we  would  be  sure 
of  results;  I  am  very  anxious  when  we  start  up  again,  to  do  so 


25 Oimii  TTO33I3  S3  , 

sRAND0LP(,  WA„^ES:  (  V.9.I0J2 

-i’r  BEAD  AND  * 


under  the  most  favorable  circumstances,  and  therefore  dont  want 
to  take  any  chances  on  such  an  important  thing  as  the  magnet  - 
sad  if  the  magnets  are  casted  at  Schenectady,  the  coils  that 
are  put  around  them  can  also  be  made  to  fit,  am  we  would  only 
have  to  put  the  complete  magnet  in  place;  this  work  jjould  be  done 
very  much  better  there. ^we  could  possibly  do  it/by  having  the 
coils  made  in  Schenecdady,  the  magnets  here,  it  might  make  trouble 
for  us  to  fit  them,  which  we  want  to  avoid  if  possible,  if  you 
thibk  the  matter  had  better  be  done  at  Schenectady,  if  you  will 
telegraph  me  Monday,  I  will  forward  the  patterrtf  there  by 

Respectfully  yours. 


asoiraaix  tijimes, 

OFFICE:  |  7  WsR/rNe°e°tLPH  WARE HOUS E S :  j  ™ ^MDOLPH^T 6 

BEAD  AND  •*{ r 



Eeby  I 7th  90 

Mr  T.  A.  Edison; 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

On  Eeby  8th,  we  received  the  following 


"Outside  dimensions  not  changed,  go  ahead" 

T/e  immediately  had  all  our  plans,  specifications,  and  etc  for 


the  new  machines,  JwA^all  of  our  bids,  and  expected  to  day  to 
place  the  orders;  Saturday  we  received  from  Laboratory  a 
pattern  of  the  magnet  we  sw«e  supposed  t=e-ha»e,  which  as  you 
will  note  from  enclosed  sketch  is  over  8"  longer  in  the  core:.:’ 
than  the  old  magnet;  this  if  correct,  will  throw  out  all  our 
plans,  which  we  will  be  compelled  to  make  over  again,  and  get 
new  prices,  delaying  us  quite  a  little,  as  if  we  leave  the  timber 
frame  as  we  planed,  will  necessitate  very  much  larger  drums, 
and  require  our  getting  entirely  new  bids.  We  telegraph  you  to 
night;  asking  if  this  is  correct,  and  await  your  reply. 

Respectfully  yours. 

W.  S.  M. 

Mr  0.  Batchelor; 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

I  am  in  receipt  of  the  following  telegram; 

"Please  return  pattern  of  magnet"  and  have  telegraphed 

"Will  return  pattern  by  express,  if  you  will  let 
us  know  right  length  of  magnet,  v/e  can  go  ahead  with  frame 
work  answer"  which  now  confirm. 

We  have  all  of  our  preliminary  work  done,  and 
are  aaiting  now  to  get  the  new  machines  built,  so  to 
commence,  have  in  all  our  bids,  and  expected  yesterday  to  let,  the 
contract  for  the  frame  work,  and  in-as-much,  as  the  length 
magnet  seems  to  be  the  only  question,  we  do  not  see  why  v/e 
cannot  go  ahead  with  our  work,  and  hope  therefore  to  have 
reply  from  you  shortly  as 'to  the  length. 

We  are  extremely  anxious  to  -.get  started 
as  some  of  the  options  we  have  taken,  only 'run  for  a  short  time, 
and  every  day's  delay  from  now  on,  is  going  to  make'tT all  the  more 


J3  03M2M  TTSJlMfift, 


-ir  BEAD  AND  -:|i- 

rushed  in  our  surveys  later  on.  When  we  get  started  and  the 
results  begin  to  be  known,  we  will  probably  not  be  able  to  renew 
these  options,  and  for  this  reason,  we  must  get  the  mill 
running,  and  get  the  results  at  the  earliest  possible 
moment . 

Respectfully  yours. 




BOlLUll  TVJ33S 8 » 

— — 

■*r  BEAD  AND  -S{fr 


^V''^TCk,>  ^Lc^sn**'** 

Mr  C.  Batchelor; 

c/o  T.  A.  Edison. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

I  am  in  receipt  of  yours  of  the  I8th  and  note 
contents  carefully,  and  have  telegraphed  you; 

"Letter  received,  we  have  complete  drawings 
made  here  by  Swarts,  and  will  make  everything  except  magnets 
and  coils;  give  us  dimensions  of  these,  so  we  can  rush  work,- 

In  regard  to  the  drawings  would  say;  that  before 
Mr  Swart's  left  the  Laboratory,  he  made  full  and  complete 
measurements  of  the  machine,  and  our  present  drawings  cover  the 
machine  as  made  then,  only  considerable  stronger,  using  the  same 
length  and'^ejme  magnets  as  on  the  original  machine. 

The  pattern  which  we  received  from  you,  is  over 
8"  longer  ,^and  when  we  can  hear  which  is  right;  the_ telegram 
which^^ou  sent  us  stating;  "there  was  no  change  in  size  of  magnets" 
or  the  size  as  given  by  pattern;  we  can  proceed  with  our  work. 

our  bids  in,  and  are  ready 

We  have 

all  of( 



35  033/3335  'T3T3333 ffl , 
STBECrU,M  warehouses:  (  7V?’i?^lS 


to  plaoe  order,  of  course  do  not  dare  to  do  same,  until  hear 
from  you,  and  we  hope  to  have  reply  .'Vuiri-  • — 

In  regard  to  the  matter  of  horse  power,  current, 
and  all  those  things  would  say;  as  far  as  the  horse  power  is 
concerned,  Mr  Swarts  thinks  he  can  take  care  of  that  part  of  it, 

As  to  the  current;  we  would  like  to  know  whether  a  number  two 
dynamo  such  as  we  now  have  at  Humboldt  is  large  enough  for  the 
78  magnet,  each  machine  connected  in  series  with  rnfare  conductor's 
in  multiple  arch  to  (machine  with  110  volts.)  Mr  Kww^y"also 
promised  to  make  sketch  and  send  us,  showing  just  how  the  machine 
should  be  connected  from  dynamo,  and  any  little  pecularities 
we  wanted  to  look  out  for. 

As  I  wrote  you  yesterday;  most  of  our  preliminary 
work  is  done,  and  we  are  extremely  anxious  to  place  our  order 
so  as  to  get  to  work  at  mill.  If  we  placed  our  contract  to  day, 
the  people  here  will  guarantee  delivery  in  15  days  after  receipt  of 
order,  consequently  you  will  need  to  hurry  the  magnets  as  much  as 
possible,  as  we  will  probably  have  the  mill  already  to  start 

-*■  TANK  AND 

+  bead  and  -Sir 

up  in  thirty  days  from  now,  and  it  will  take  some  little  time 
for  the  magnets  to  come  through  from  the  laboratory. 

In  regard  to  the  work;  as  per  our  telegram  would 
state;  that  we  only  expect  the  magnets  and  colis  from  you,  we 
will  attend  to  everything  else.  Also  in  regard  to  the  belts; 
when  we  purchase,  will  include  two  for  you. 

As  yet  we  have  not  placed  order , ^waiting  figures 
from  one  of  the  other  parties;  If  you  have  any  suggestions  to 

make  in  regard  to  the  separator  from  aampay-i-eono  made  in  late 


tests,  should  be  pleased  to  have  them. 

Respectfully  yours. 

W.  S  M. 

of  magnet,  for  which  please  accept  my  thanks.  We  gave  the 

order  for  the  machines  on  Saturday  last,  and  are  having  same 

pushed  forward;  they  have  contracted  to  have  same  delivered 

cars  by  March  I5th. 

In  reply  to  yours  of  the  22nd  would  say;  that  our 
plans  and  drawings  of  course^.  made  for  the  13  magnet,.,  the  frame 
work  and  etc  is  consequently  much  larger  than  that  at  the 
Laboratory,  however  preserving  the  same  features  except  as  to 

I  note  your  comnents  in  regard  to  the  size  of  the 
dynamos,  and  I  was  under  the  impression  lw*^w^fcL4you  a  #2 
would  do,  as  I  recollect  either  Mr  Hickson  Or  Mr  Edison  saying; 
that  having  the  magnets  put  in  series,  ard  using  the  large  wire, 
there  would  be  enough  electricity  for  all  of  the^his  Question 


.jeoiMSM^irasaa  s , 

{  7  W, RANDOLPH  WAREHOUSES'  {  7'8'10'12'1 


X  v/ ill  take  up  and  settle  as  to  the  dynamos  next  week.  I  find 
that  I  will  be  compelled  to  go  to  New  York,  and  while  there, 
will  run  over  to  the  Laboratory  and  arrange  all  those  little 
questions . 

X  note  by  the  papers  that  Mr  Edison  is,  or  has 
be  in  North  Carolina,  will  you  kindly  let  me  know,  if  he  will  be 
at  the  Laboratory  next  week;  I  have  several  matters  in  the  way 
of  options  and  etc,  on  whicli  I  need  advice,  and  would  be  obliged 
if  you  would  telegraph  me,  so  as  to  enable  me  to  leave  the 

latter  part  of  the  week,  if 'I  can  get  away. 

Note  your-.comnents  in  regard  to  the  belts  and  would 
say;  we  will  buy  the  belts  78"  in  width,  the  order  as  yet  however, 
has  not  been  placed. 

Respectfully  yours.' 



33  01343315  monanci. 

._aU _ ‘ 

Hr  BEAD  AND  -fc 

Feb  y  28 th  $ 

Mv  C.  Batchelor; 

o/o  T. 

Bear  Sir; 

Orange,  N.  j. 

I  am  in  receipt  of  yours  of  the  26th,  also  blue  prints 
which  I  have  forwarded  to  Mr  Swarts  at  the  mill,  and  have  asked 
him,  if  on  the  drawings  lie  has  made  for  our  machine,  there  is 
any  difference  between  them,  to  please  state  same,  so  I  can 
explain  to  you  fully  upon  seeing  you. 

X  expect  now  to  reach  Orange  next  Tuesday,  and 
will  then  go  over  natters  fully  with  you  as  to  any  changes  and 
etc . 

Respectfully  yours 

-Jit*  TANK  A1 

BOirail  TUBBS, 


_ MlS. _ _ _ /cfj?_s 

. ^ ~Wijfo 

^aajcSLu-wc/  AjCfcXa*-'  ov, 

"vv\NiJtA->  n3wuiJ-^'  :  ^  -v^OvXj 

o-W  is-  ■ 

cL^  v*3Alvi/ 

'  -fcLAr 

^<VvXT  fpLA/v—  ^  -\^vy*u- 

OjvATVv^i^  •^W''-’-^  Vm-^  Co-g^o  ^vST 

■<*”  )<cteL>  VkiW^  -J-  -A-U*>  Ar*-tcvv-o— ■*' 

NV>M^Nvn>j-<-^~<  dv*AJic3Xd^j_£ — '  ^  Owv>-<y — i  "NwO  -Xv^cmv^  Ci^^eSUs^iuiy~--' 

-JlQfc/Ai-  CJSN'J-^o* — Ctmo  \^5-  veJ^“'— '  ^  JtsvyV1 

}cjT  ajJO^vt-  =3»3-a_i  o^JC  ti-c-  \y^yJ  (^^5^  *  Ovtto 

-^-‘U  CJiNf3SjA>  -j<X£j  •VjvJjvAaj/  ^ 

1 0-s-SJ-‘  "Nv*  jCT"  JUtvkaj/  .^aaj  A^CL^CfcT — 

^  "Tc  NI  U^N->  r-OyUVN. /  •v^v--X_S_/ 

'  \vm-»Mv  "%jZ  >  'srV^x/  -'rsNvSJoXj 

“  lf^O>  -Vjo-aJi^v^  ■V>m>3vXwv^  \j  JrrV) 

;  'b  (W^r  -srv^XGZis  Ka^  ^vr- 

CS>^  ^_,  <LAr^C4>^>s  p  Xoc  VaAJ-- 

*^w>  aju^  A^*--  v^XCL'  c-A^o^^z 

—  ^C'Cjow  Uv-«_^  -kJzzKT'  ’Vr0sAj5'  -tT"  JupOkv- 

■\><V^V  'V*'-'-SL/>  A*/  • 
h^K^ry^f^SL^  oJkSS^Xjjt^J 


_ ^ KJ^. 


Tho«,  At  Bdlaon,  Xa<ft 

orange,  sr,  jv 

Mir  Sift* 


dhlaago.  March*  18th,  1W#» 

A*  I  wrote  you  yeaterday,  X  waa  enamelled  to  return  to 
Chleago  an  business  of  import anoe,  ao  eould  not  volt  to  ate  yon) 
but  If  on  the  peruaal  of  thie,  you  think  It  boot  to  aoe  a*,  X  will 
eome  at  onto  to  Orange* 

81nee  aaeing  you,  I  hare  node  every  Investigation  poaalblo, 
and  am  at  the  point  no*j,  where  X  ean  do  but  little  more  aa  to 
propertle^Utll  the  anew  goea,  whleh  will  be  about  Hay  xss%  (x  am 
toldaj  ao  ve  ean  make  peraonal  examination  of  the 
propertiee,  and  aee  Juat  what  we  want,  sound  it  fuite  diffi- 
eult  to  learn  aneh  about  the  eharaeter  of  depoaita,  aueh  ao  we 

want,  beeauae  explorers*  aurreyors*  etav  hare  taken  but  little 

'  -tk-WJ' ' 

notlae  of  aeah  dapeadtv*  X  hare  read  all  the  Qeeligieal  8ur- 

»•»  **d  reporta,  gone  through  the  reeorda  of  the  field  notea,  (net 

pnbUahed,)  and  done  everything  to  get  at  reliable  data,  and  the 

reeult  X  here  to  date^aa  foliovat** 

>  •  ■  ■■■  ..  ■  S  ...  :  ... 

*here  seems  to  be  three  eepaa 

lte*  that  eoMuand  thamaelvee  to  our  notlae,  the  mmm m  Bangs, 

•  ••  •  •  !  . 
the  Wwvtm  Belt  (vest  of  Repoblie)  the  deMoee  .Range  (Vleeenein) 


If  yon  will  refer  to  tel*  1*  18T8,  oeelogieal 
MeMgaMM,  you  win  find  on  page  Ml-  a  full  report  of  the 



mJUs  no‘*‘ 

thi*  Hngt,  it  axtonda  aoaa  nlna  ad  lot,  and  h daw  bam  traood  tha 


mtlra  buainaao,  and  also  told  that  tha  north  aid*  la  baakad  up  by 
a  bluff,  aoat  of  tha  wap*  Our  ova  yroparty  la  at  tha 

aaatam  and  of  thla  rang#,  and  aaida  from  two  othar  mlnaa,  tha 
ranga  la  not  tdahad,  a  good  ahara  of  tha  proparty  a  an  ba  optionad 
and  laatad*  but  nothing  oan  ba  to^d  abbut  it,  until  paraonal  #*- 
valuation  aan  ba  nada,  aft ar  tha  anov  got#,  ahlah  at  praaant  la 
aoaa  threw  or  four  foot  d#ap«  j  h*va  full  inforaatlen,  aa  to 
ahat  proparty  wa  oan  gat  to,  tha  datail  of  vfcftoh  X  will  aand  you. 

If  you  wioh  it,  Ona  faatura  about  tha  rang#,  la  that  tha  ralluud 
«road  runa  within  a  half  adl#  or  ao  on  Muttra  ranga,  and  ao  if 

exploration  prora.  auaoaaaful,  tha  railroad  nattar  will  not  await 
J  w  • 

to  amah,  aa  it  doaa  im  othar  auartaraw 

Kagnatia  Balt, 

Xn  toI.  1»  18W,  Mlahlgan,  paga  1*8,  you  will  find 
report  Whiah  etataa,  that"  thla  la  tha  largaat  and  neat  paraiatmt 

lina  of  MMuatlo  attrattlon  in  tha  whoia  laka  Suparlor  diatrlat, 

■  ■ 

thla  rmgo,  «f«  to*dar,  haa  bam  but  lftttla  explorad,  aa  It  1# 

•«W»  t#n  adlaa  or  anra  froai  railroad  aomaetlen,  tha  rmga  la  aam 
twaiva  adlaa  long,  and  if  what  X  a«n  loam  la  trua,  it  will  pay  to 
■aka  astmaiva  aapioratim,  aa  it  haa  bam  a#  littia  aaplored,  that 
it  la  aura  than  poaaibla,  wa  Might  atrika  good  ora  dapoaita,  whiah 
aoald  ba  woakad  indapmdant  af  tha  «aparatar,Uiia,  **  ^araa  da* 
pmda  largaly  upon  what  roaulta  am  ba  obtainad  by  yea  ayatm  of 
■agnatla  aurraya,  on  thla  ranga,  nothing  oould  ba  dona  until  - - 


no o  ic 

M Ili 

Summer,  ae  It  ft  ftite  difficult  te  tat  at  the  property,  we  can 
get  all  of  this  that  we  are  liable  to  vent,  about  half  ie  owned  by 
one  Ooftent  W  (Miehigca  toad  A  Iron  OewJ  who  wilt  Im  glid  to 
treat  with  new  I  not  hare  an  arrangement  with'  them,'  which’ am 
holding,  waiting  to  hear  from  you,  before  eloatogi 

tn  voi*  #-  .187#  te  1018,  aeeiogyof  itiuamainj  pagee 
118  to  lSdr-ibl  to  tw,-  andsts  to  ioo»  ion  will'  find  £a£  detidia 

of  thi  e  rmm  - 

iJ-r.  JjiLi.  rmaast  J.  r>  $k*«9fr$Kif  aw  l'^lowaTMHhe  amount  of., 

On  pag*  181,';  ranged.  it  «Marnp,  as  follow* ft  the  amount  of 

Seliftta  earrytog  ft  per  fiitt  I&m  ft:  «WMU|  ft  fftt^  a 

band  of  rock,  ft-  rich  ft  thie'  fttwi^f  ft»r  ,t*  miiea,'  with  width  « 

Of  frea)  loo'  ftM’  «t  i^Vinit*  eaft«tian  ,1a  ftMtt*  .  •• 

,  ,  •  .  ,  vl...  ...  i'hOi'ipoi‘ou;s  and  uulphur  are  on  tho  '-vliole  oonapic- 

s  •••*•**•«♦..  Pheaporoua  and  aulphur  are  on  the  vhole  eonepie* 

:  .  ii..£  large  amount  of  mixed  or®  ' 

iooe  by  thftr  abaenewv*  »«•  «•  •  •  a  large  r  amount  of  adzed  ere 

.  containing  to  per  oent  md^ftiwM^da,'’  while  to  aoma  piaaVa'  naaiY  . 

t-.V-1--  boon  .notlowl  verging  up  to  .So  .per  conla  ».  o  -> 

thiekneeaea  have  been  notice*  verging  up  to  8e  per  tenth*  .««««.%*« 

v.!;c  "‘t  ore*,  noth  :»-,ara i etl o  .and  specular,  .with  a  -width  of 

the  streaks  of  ere,  both  Magnetic  and  apeeular,  with  e  width  of 

-to  t?;o  c or: tain  nearly  Go 

from  one  fteh,  to  two  feet,Kft|i0Msdo*  verities,  contain  nearly  6e 

;••••  i  or  rae-ia.\l  irr.r,  «n.y  -j  i  Iir4i'.::aiiisal  a  soar  ion  can  bo 

to  7o  per  emit  of  metalie  iron,  and  if  moehaniftl  eeparatlon  can  be 

made  owffioimitky  cimftw  aai'.  arei*  brewing  t*».  ft#  mmH  a  eft* 
a  lefts  ftOadity  ef  fteoiiont  ere"  omi-  bo';  obtataft^J  0he  feats 
that  in  coma  places  the'  veto',  la'  amae  too  feci;  thftbV  and1  that  the 

J  ■  _ou.t’  _PA'  agJJtyj*  not- 

native  o»e,  la  almeet  without  phaepereaa,  (  out  of  *6  assays  noft 

Vs  *  •g2).usi>!B^rouai!  -  makes  it  amort  attractive  field,, 

Cd«  three  only,  ehow  phosphorous!  mftee  it  a  meat  attraetlvo  field. 


How  4* 

for  uo,  BtiU  nothing  can  bo  dono  about  porsonal  txaninatlona,  tor,,  4 
ao*»  tint  yat,  thiarangals  not  sort'd  any,  ntprsaant,iw4*an  ^  “  ; 
««a  obtalhtll  tha  land,  that  wo  Qtn  ptaalblr  trta  ^ 
by  taking  for  itw 

.  -  ■■  ■  ,  «:f(  rAnply  i 

this  oortrt  tho  ttooo  no.t  wortoin*  ^iint,  yor  our  woifc-J 

hava  howoTor,  gona  into  tht  nttttr  of  all  tht  wSjjg^i -"nt  jtyjy,.  ? 

1  talks*  tftth  yon,  -«£  —  Ttnfc,., 

••  Wgaiy  m  dti^thiifWi^^^ 

■•may  to  got  yostasslsa  of  than,  and  in-at>nathf.a  thar*J*,|(?P|W*b ' 
a  gtantlty  of^^tn  &&.****  th.  pr~mt  3Ueh 

adnaa  art  not  partlouUrly  attrtotiVa  to  t ta#  proB^t _ 

■  tait  quaationsto  ba  dooidodHW,  Srt  ta  foUotaU  first*  ■■■«» 
at'  wait/  until  wooan  aaka  jpanriininaix'1  or i «ia» ? t 2 

bafora  starting  thajadli$a«aS01^ 

V  inatruotioa.  W;Wtl«  araryti,&g  dayirfcblt,  l 

ant.  yanonal  axaninttiou,*thir<  shall  1  gtttnsadUith  tht  *M1,  ^ 

“**»  “4  «•*  th«  optWlat^'dti^- 

snortaya,  ataurat a  onough  to  anahlatste  tbwar  ; tha.v  ng |  dtaarlbtd 
aowo"aan  an«,t.'  with«y  dsgra.  af 

***••  at  da  not  know  haw  tba  aiatorartd. 

It  Hfftm  iiima  of  napiatlanw  nay  tffaat  ivtantt  nsttota)  ao  * 

'  *l«ll««it  wauid  ba,  ^ 

intt  waging  ^r  ^  WWIiiat  ybiaiblt  ***.,«**  s-tral  / 
tht  rayart.  that  gtt  awt,  thatthay  VtU  »0t  m«t  «r  mm&oi 
OPtlona.  »•  a«  taally  Wa  lt  rsyaritd,  ‘Wat  Uhllaw»  m  «*t»g 


no.  jfc* 

separation*,  the  produot  i*  costing  ue  entirely  too  naoh,  this 
w^eeHhe  general  idea  that  the  publia  have  of  any  separating  pro* 
cess,  will  probobaly  have  the  desired  effect,  we  eon  then  parity^ 
investigate,  end  get  almost  anything  we  wont,  a*  there  is  so  very 
n*»oh  property  of  the  sort  we  eon  use,  that  before  the  reel  truth, 
of  our  work  could  get  to  be  known  largely,  we  oould  have  secured 
the  most  desirable  properties,  it  would  take  an  lnmense  eepltal, 
and  very  large  yearly  carrying  charges  to  try  and  control  all  the 
property  we  eon  get* 

On  royolpys  have  agreed  With  the  Michigan  land  ft  Iron  Oe.  os 
follows  t-  Bee  near  do  stew  ft  ton,  non  neieer.  2B  ots»  ell  concentrate 

io  '  :  A:;  N  | 

Sects*  a  ton,  of  82do  is  possible  we  any  be  able  to  reduce  j 

these  •  little,  probably  not  very  aueh* 

X  have  have  tried  the  outline,  as  well  as  X  son  the  whole 

natter t  but  if  1  had  seen  you,  oould  have  made  naoh  more  satlafaot  - 
■  '•  ■ 
ory,  with  the  naps,  descriptions  and  so-  festh,  that  X  have,/and  as 

said  before  if  you  wish  it  X  will  cone  east  again,  however,  it  X 
have  written  felly  enough,  please  telegraph  no  on  reoeipt,  what  it 
ie  best  to  do,  as  to  going  ahead  and  taking  our  chvteos,  or  wait* 
ingyilr*  Swarts,  is  at  aim  mil,  ready  to  go  ahead,  as  soon  as  we 
say  the  mvm 

Our  six  anehinee  will  be  ready,  end  of  this  week,  »hh 
hope  to  hear  froei  ystt  by  Saturdays 

Tears  Respectfully, 


-:!*■  TANK  AND  -:|5- 


13  oaiiiaii  'a'lTwaas, 

t  ? 


1  *t//f  n 

March  22nd  90 

Mr  T.  A.  Edison;  1  J\~  1+  ‘5  )_. 

Orange ,  N.  J .  ~C.  C'  "~Cy  ]  u  i  **  ( 

My  Dear  Mr  Edison;  '  ?  l  • . V  .  Nft 

,  '—C_>  I  \.  .^-(0 

Have  received  letters  from  Mr  Miller,  and  haS  quite 

a  long  talk  with  Ira  in  regard  to  the  mill,  and  they  think 
we  better  start  same  up  without  making  additions  to  our  present 

TVe  find  that  with  the  engine  power  we  now  have, 
boiler  capacity,  and  ete,  and  also  the  room,  that  we  probably  can 
only  put  in  two  or  three  machines;  I  have  written  Mr  Batchelor 
asking  him  to  ship  us  the  magnets  for  the  two  machines  at 
once,  and  the  only  change  we  need  to  make  in  our  present  plant 
is,  that  we  will  have  to  have  a  number  four  dynamo  temporarily, 
have  you  one  at  the  Laboratory,  or  do  you  know  where  we  couid  get 
one  that  we  could  use  for  a  short  while?  If  we  receive  this 
dynamo  and  the  magnets  pwape-y,  we  can  probably  have  the  mill 
running  in  a  matter  of  two  weeks  or  so  from  date.  Mr  Swarts 
is  of  the  opinion,  that  it  would  be  better  for  us  to  start  with  a 
smaller  number  of  machines,  and  when  we  come  to  put  in  six  or 

-ill-  TANK  AND  -Sjf- 


33  03312211  T  03  33  8, 





more  machines,  he  would  prefer  to  put  them  right  near  the  ground, 
also  suggests;  that  our  crusher  be  changed  and  put  near  the 
ground,  and  says;  when  we  come  to  increase  our  plant,  that 
this  can  be  done  better  than  by  making  the  changes  now,  that 
would  be  necessary  to  give  us  room  for  the  six  machines,  and 
then  enlarging  afterwards/besides  changing  now,  would  delay  us 
quite  considerably  as  to  getting  started. 

U<a'-/i°0^  WS  °an  probably  start  now  without  very  much 
expense, ^and  therefore  we  all  think  that  it  is  best  to  start 
with  present  capacity. 

,jr°te  y°U  thS  other  day>  ^king  you  to  order  a 
#10  machine which  if  you  have  not  done,  you  had  better  cancel, 
and  we  will  order  a  larger  machine  later  on. 


Please  let  me  know  by  telegraph,  you  can  do  on 
the  dynamo  for  us,  and  if  you  have  nothing, and  cannot  help  us 
out,  I  will  try  and  see  what  can  be  picked  up  here. 

Awaiting  your  reply,  I  am; 

-fc  TANK  AND 

13  03  jb  33 12  'nT3333  »  , 

IANDOLPH  wABFHnirp-s-  I  7,  9. 10. IS 
TRBET.  WWM1UUb.itt.  j  W. RANDI 


-rr  bead  and  + 

'March  24th  90 

Mr  T.  A.  Edison; 

Orange,  N.  J. 
My  Dear  Mr  Edison; 

Yours  of  the  21 st  is  at  hand  ami  contents  noted;  I 
have  instructed  Mr  Swart.s  to  get  the  -mill  running  with  two  machines 
at  the  earliest  possible  moment. 

The  only  thing  that  us  liable  to  delay  us,  will  be 
the  magnets,  and  the  dynamo. 

Hope  to  have  prompt  answer  from  my  letter  of 

Saturday . 

Respectfully  yours. 



W.  S.  M. 



Mr  T.  A.  Edison; 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

J30IM3M  rriJJU2S, 



^  2?  /%—■/  p^.  ^ 

'^—  l—  '  £•  / 

Please  send  me  by  return  mail,  draft  for  $500.00 
being  2.1/2  percent  assessment  on  your  stock  in  E.  I.  C.  Co, 
this  will  pay  for  the  six  new  machines  now  complete,  and  give 
enough  to  start  the  mill. 

The  money  on  last  assessment  that  1  expected 
to  have,  has  gone  for  taxes  (Spurr  property  $700.00)  Insurance 
(Humboldt)  and  salary  (Swarts  and  Watchman)  and  expenses  made 
looking  up  property  and  getting  options; 

We  expect  to  be  running  in  from  two  to  three 

weeks . 

Respectfully  yours. 


-?i5-  TANK  AND  ■?(*■ 



4- BEAD  AND  -ifr 

March  Slat.  90 

Mr  T.  A.  Edison; 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir; 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  telegram 

as  follows; 

"Order  number  four  dynamo  from  Machine  works, 
which  they  will  exchange  for  larger  one,  charging  you  simply 
cost  of  fixing  it  up  and  freight" 

In  accordance  with  same,  have  ordered  one  for 

prompt  shipment. 




fflBt!  ANCLES, 

bead  AND  Hlf. 

BOILER  TUMJ3S,  "-=rp=- 


Mr  A.  E.  Kennel ly; 

o/o  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  M.  J. 

April  sth  i 

V/e  have  decided  to  start  our  Humboldt  mill  with  two 
machines,  and  consequently  have  ordered  from  the  Machine  works 
at  Schenectady  a  number  four  dynamo. 

Mr  Swart a  asks  me,  what  it  will  be  necessary  for  us 
to  have  in  the  way  of  Ampere  meters  and  etc  and  etc,  to  make  the 
machines  complete,  and  also  if  it  would  not  be  advisable  to  have  a 
;o  break  current  Without 
shut  off.,  or 

have^resistance  for  both  machines. 

I  wish  you  would  write  the  machine  works  ordering  just  exactly 
what  we  need,  kindly  write  them  direct  so  a3  to  save  time;  I  have 
written  them  stating,  that  the  Laboratory  would  send  them  a  memo 
of  just  exactly  what  wo  needed. 

With  kindest  regards,  I  am; 

Respectfully  yours. 

resistance  board  for  each  machine  : 

'shock  to  magnets  when  any  particular  machine 
whether  it  would  be  bettei 

-fr  TANK  AND  -:|J- 

13  01  M2  M  T173332S, 

f  7  W.RANDOLPH  '--'/rr:-  J  7.9.10,12.1 



Mr  Thomas  A.  Edison; 

Orange,  N.  J.  fyi4.0 • 

r0/fKay#.  APril  29th  i 

*tS>  ^  v  ■ 

From  reports  I  have  from  Mr  Swarts,  J-=£s«d;  that  the 
snow  in  the  lake  Superior  region  has  almost  eone,  in  some 
portions  there  being  very  litt.le  left;  but  he  writes,"  that  one 
good  warm  day,  will  take  it  all  off. 

X  would  like  to  hear  from  you,  about  when  you  can 
arrange  to  come  west,  and  make  the  explorations  promised,  so  as 
I  can  arrange  my  business  here,  and  go  out  with  you. 

I  think  it  would  probably  be  as  well  to  go  as  early 

as  possible,  say  some  time  after  May  IOth,  as  it  will  be  before 

the  time  of  the  flies  ^musquitoes,  which  makes  the  Lake  Superior 
country  very  disagreeable  in  warmer  weather. 

Awaiting  your  reply,  I  am; 

Respectfully  yours. 



33©3Mai*  Tl'3333  8 , 


SIst  ! 

My  Dear  Mr  Edison; 

As  it  is  getting  near  the  first  of  July,  I  would  like 
to  hear  from  you,  When  you  expect  to  be  able  to  come  west, 
as  you  are  aware  oxxr  options  on  the  property  in  the  Lake 
Superior  district,  only  run  to  the  first  of  August,  and  as  we 

XcUrw-,,  4r 

have  a  great  deal  of  work  to  be  dotae,  time  is  rapidly  slipping 

Kindly  post  me  fully  i 
>  I  may  make  necessary  preparatj 

to  when  X  may  expect 

Respectfully  yours. 

}  V  '~<L 

.'last  week  or  10  days. 

Am  in  receipt  this  morning  of  a  letter  from 
Swart s,  who  reports;  that  the  mill  is  running  very  nicely,  in 
every  way,  and  that  he  expects  to  be  able  to  make  shipment 
each  day  from  now  on. 

We  have  had  quite  a  little  trouble  with  our 
crusher,  and  tome  trouble  with  our  rolls,  all  of  which  now  seem 
to  be  overcome.  Concentrates  are  showing'dH  to  65,  by  chemical 
analysis,  and  the  separators  seem  to  have  a  good  deal  more  capasit 
than  we  figured  on.  I  am  having  Swart s  make  up  a  list,  of  our 
expenses,  and  our  out-put,  and  hope  to  be  able  to  send  you  in  a 
few  days  the  exact  cost  of  our  concentrates.  Will  keep  you  posted 
as  much  as  possible. 

Hoping  to  see  you  before  very  long,  and  with 
kindest  regards,  .1  am;  /-^-Uv/vvo  o 

^  July 

Mr.  A.  0.  %% 

X  Ed  iso  no  Labartv 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Boa”  Sir) 

3  J&c  <JL(L  s&evJ 

P  C-lTlv^  c<-^£c-'~'- 

'^/'  +  >•  JUdy 

/  yv 

tVslo  -raped  you  asking  you  if  you  knew 

Mr.  E'li- 


son  Mtp-t?'  d  to  eomo  West  '.vithin  a  few  days;  I  have  some  matters 

in  connection  with  my  own  business  which  neeu  attention  and  which 

X  am  in  receipt  of  your  telegram  aril  note  contents,  | 

and  wish  thfct  you  would  advise  me  fully  when  you  expect  to  be  | 

able  to  come.  ■  The  only  thing  that  is  liable  to  give  us  any  j| 

trouble  is,  the  fact  that  the  options  I  have  SdS^stlie  Michigan  I 

Iron  &  land  Co.  expire  on  August  1st.  and  I  may  have  some  difi’icul-  § 

ty  in  getting  them  renewed.  .  | 

If  you  think  you  will  be  able  to  get  here-  so  as  to  go.  on  | 

the  ground  before  tint  date,  it  will  not  be  necessary  for  me  to  || 

iron  is  marked,  on  each  sample,  and  the  samples  were  taken  from  the 
general  run,  that  is,  we  took  a  handful  about  every  three  or 
four  minutes  until  we  had  10  or  15  lbs.;  this  was  thoroughly 
mixed  and  samples  sent  for  analysis,  which  showed  65.03.  The 
phosphorous  aid  sulphur  silica  we  will  get  tomorrow. 

The  change  in  the  screens  has  increased  our  out-put  quite 
considerably,,  and  we  are  running  now  both  separators  to  their 
utmost  capacity.  I  will  have  prepared  by  the  first  of  next 
week  a  full  statement  of  the  condition  of  everything  and  forward 
to  you.  Will  probably  have  to  call  on  the  stock -holders 
for  some  money,  to  pay  up  our  debts,  and  for  the  money  I  have 
recently  advanced.  I  leave  tomorrow  afternoon  for  Penokee.  X 
will  forward  samples  requested  Monday  next. 

Yours  truly, 

W.  3.  M. 

-:|i-  TANK  AND  -S|i- 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq, 

Deaf  Sir:- 

Oran®  ,  N.  J 

As  I  wrote  you,  I  spent  Saturday  last  at  Penokee 
Gap,  and  made  as  far  as  I  could  as  close  fn  examination  i 
possible.  I  found  an  immense  deposjA  of  iron  ore,  all  of 

which  was  magnetic ;  in  fact,  did  not  see  a  single  piece  of 
specular.  The  largest  proportion  of  iron  is  of  the  banded 
variety  and  seems  to  be  quite  hard;  there  is  on  the  property, 
however,  so  the  owners  claint*  a  vein  about  3350  feet  wide  of  magnetic 
mixed  with  slate  which  is  softer  and  will  crush  easily;  this  was 
so  covered  with  drift  that  we  were  unable  to  get  at  it,  but  we  have 
a  man  at  work  uncovering  part  of  it,  and  will  have  sanples  probably 
the  latter  part  of  this  week,  when  I  will  forward  to  you. 

There  is  no  end  to  the  ore,  being  millions  and  millions  of  tore, 
the  bluff  seeming  to  be  made  up  entirely  of  lean  magnetic.  I 
think  it  will  pay  when  you  get  West  to  visit  it,  by  that  tine  I 
will  be  ful.Ty  posted  not  only  as  to  this  but  as  to  adjacent  proper¬ 
ties.  When  y ou  decide  you  can  come,  please  give  me  several  days 

1303171212  ’TUI333S, 


so  I  can  make  son®  preparations.  Will  it  not  also  be 
iry  for  sone  one  to  notify  the  Wisconsin  Central  people 

i  order  to  expect  you,  so  as  to  ha\ 

i  readiness  and  not 

Everything  at  th  e  mill  i 

s  running:  nicely,  they 

are  shipping  right  along.  Have  just  mailed  Akron  Iron  Co. 

R.  R.  receipts  for  about  50  tors  .  Am  in  receipt  also  of  analysis 
of  last  car  shipped  Akron,  showing  iron  65.03,  phosphorous  .052. 
This  shov/s  we  are  turning  out  a  (.pod  bessemer. 


■-*-  BEAD  AND 


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l  STREET.  — ijgjjjw [  W. RANDOLPH  ST. 

rS0y//^g/C‘r''  Aue»  5th,  1890. 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

By  United  States  Express  I  sendyou  to-day  a  sample  of 
the  Penokee  Sap  icon  ore*  In  the  box  ye*  will  find  several 

pieoes  marked  No.  50*  This  is  from  m  out  crop  24  feet  in  thiek- 


ness,  and  if  it  is  so  you  ean  work  i*,  an  immense  quantity  can  be 
tsisn*  Then  you  will  find  a  number  of  samples  marked  from  1  to 

24.  These  were  taken  from  the  i 

,  which  is  about  150  wide  i 

Mat.  X  have  sent  samples  of  both  of  these  lots  for  ohemioal 
analysis,  and  a8  soon  As  have  results  will  advise  you* 

The  trouble  we  are  liable  to  have,  I  think,  will  be 
the  hardness  of  the  ore*  m  you  can  tell  better  in  regard  to  this 
when  you  oocne  to  orush  it* 


have  telegraphed  you,  *We  have  ordered  two  belts  eaoh  from  Revere 
Rubber  0o«,  The  New  York  Outta  Peroha  &  Rubber  Oo.,  and  Boston 
Belting  Oo.  Have  not  run  machine  long  enough  to  tell  which  is 

I  will  write  Mr*  Swart s  fully  in  regard  to  this 
matter,  and  will  advise  you  what  he  has  totsay*  I  do  not  know 
which  belts  he  has  used,  but  remenber  of  his  speaking  very  highly 
of  those  that  came  from  the  Boston  Belting  Co*  All  these  of 
these  oonoeras  can  make  the  belts  the  sizes  wanted  at  the  regular 
discount;  that  is*  not  any  of  them  a  forge  for  making  the  extra 
width,  as  the  New  York  Belting  &  Packing  Co*  wanted  to* 

Tours  truly. 

9o  ^ 

Aug.  16,  '90. 

Thos-  a.  Edison,  Esq.,  /y  yJ  /  /  '  / 

Orange,  N.  J.  V(>/'"  '/■ ^ 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison!  1 '■ '  '  /  /  •' 

Yesterday  I  received  the  following  telegram 
from  Chicago!  "Mr.  Edison  writes  that  if  ore  sent  from  Penokee 
is  characteristic  of  ore  you  have  in  that  range,  he  does  not 
care  to  go  West." 

I  came  here  to  meet  Mr.  Miller  and  Ira,  to  talk  over  the 
mill  and  the  future,, and  as  we  have  covered  the  various  points, 
they  have  decided  that  we  lay  the  whole  matter  before  you  before 
anything  definite  is  done* 

Penokee  Range! — 

The  samples  sent  you  are  from  Penokee  Gap, 
and  are  fair  samples  of  the  ore  from  that  place.  I  imagine  that 
the  trouble  you  have  found  is  that  the  ore  is  too  dense  and  hard* 
While  I  do  not  know  that  all  the  ore  in  the  Penokee  range  iB  of 
this  same  character,  I  am  inclined  to  think  that  moBt  of  it  is 
hard;  but  that  the  most  magnetic  and  desirable  for  us  is  that 
some  four  or  five  miles  West  of  Penokee  Gap.  This  I  have  not 
visited  or  seen  any  samples  from,  expecting  that  we  would  go 
there  when  you  came  West.  Since  you  wrote  the  letter  referred 
to  in  the  telegram,  no  doubt  you  have  received  the  chemical 
analysis  I  mailed  you  which  Bhowed  iron  about  40 X  and  5SX; 
showing  that  the  ore  is  rich  enough,  and  as  it  exists  in  suah 


very  large  deposits,  the  only  question  is  the  separation,  which 
I  take  from  telegram  is  difficult  to  make.  There  is  one  deposit 
on  i’enokee  that  you  will  remember  the  geological  report  speaka 
of  as  "the  usual  hard  quartz  is  replaced  by  softer  material," 
This  deposit  I  have  not  seen,  so  cannot  say  anything  about  it. 

I  would  be  better  posted  if  I  had  not  expected  you  to  make  a 
personal  inspection,  and  so  have  not  gone  into  detail  as  I 
wouid  otherwise*  It  hardly  seems  that  we  ought  to  condemn  the 
whole  range  by  seeing  samples  from  only  one  part  of  it. 

In  addition  to  the  Penokee  range,  there  are  other  matters 
that  we  were  depending  upon  you  to  settle  for  us  while  West. 

Michigaunme  RangeS 

We  hold  nine  (9)  optionB,  which  expire  on 
Sept*  1st,  '90,  which  you  were  to  look  over  and  explore  with  your 
surveyor.  These  are  the  options  that  expired  Aug.  1st,  and  were 
extended  thirty  days*  On  these  lands  are  supposed  to  be  Boms 
very  good  deposits  for  our  work,  and  we  are  depending  upon  the 
result  of  the  survey  to  know  whether  to  take  them  or  not. 

Spurr  Mines 

This  property  we  expected  you  to  look  over  and 
determine  whether  it  was  the  best  place  to  erect  the  new  woxka. 

Magnetic  Mine; 

This  property  is  under  option  awaiting  your 


approval*  There  iB  a  large  deposit  of  lean  ore  here,  and  from 
samples  I  have  seen,  is  suited  for  our  work. 

Dump  Pixe  Washington  Mine l 

About  500,000  tons  dump  pile  on  which 
can  close  lease  at  any  time  by  payment  $1,000.  cash  and  25# 
royalty  per  ton,  concentrates;  this  we  have  held  open  until 
after  you  saw  the  piles* 

Mill  at  Humboldt! 

We  have  been  running  along  making  every¬ 
thing  do  until  after  you  had  seen  it,  and  then  expected  to  make 
necessary  changes*  The  mill  was  built  for  screens,  and 

we  are  now  using  #40,  which,  of  course,  decreases  the  output 
very  much,  particularly  as  we  cannot  enlarge  our  screens  without 
changing  a  great  deal  of  our  machinery,  as  the  present  screens 
are  so  placed  that  there  is  no  room  to  put  in  larger  ones*  Our 
crushing  and  separating  capacities  are  both  larger  than  screening. 
Expecting  you  out  so  soon  1  would  not  let  Mr.  Swarts  make  any 
change  until  after  you  had  seen  the  mill,  as  when  we  come  to 
change  the  screens  there  are  other  changes  that  can  be  made  at 
the  same  time  that  will  improve  the  capacity  of  the  mill,  and 
make  a  higher  concentrate,  and  do  it  with  more  economy. 

Future— We  all  feel  now  that  we  have  run  long  enough  to 
prove  that  the  separator  is  a  success,  and  that  it  is  perfectly 

safe  to  put  up  a  large  plant,  from  which  we  can  make  some  money. 
Our  present  plant  oan  almost  pay  expenses,  and  we  are  only  using 
two  machines}  and,  as  from  your  telegram  it  looks  as  if  the 
Villard  scheme  would  not  go  through,  it  has  been  suggested  that 
we  learn  from  you  if  you  think  Mr.  Villard  would  take  hold  of 
the  Michigan  part  wi  Hi  us,  even  if  the  Penokee  range  should 
prove  not  desirable;  or,  if  Mr.  Villard  cannot  be  depended  upon, 
whether  you  know  of  any  one  else  with  whom  we  could  oonnect 
ourselves,  and  so  raise  $150,000.  cash*  In  case  you  cannot 
suggest  any  one,  what  would  you  think  of  a  plan  as  follow! :  To 
increase  our  capital  stock  to  $1,000,000.,  sell  enougi  of  the  new 
stock  to  raise  $150,000.  in  cash^ $50,000.  of  this  to  go  to  the 
original  stockholders  to  pay  for  money  already  spent,  and  $100,000. 
to  build  new  plant  and  increase  present  one  bo  as  to  make  it 
profitable.  We  would  put  the  matter  in  the  hands  of  some  good 
man  to  promote,  and  he  could  get  in  other  men  to  take  charge  and 
push  the  matter*  The  one  trouble  now  is  that  we  all  have  too 
much  business  of  our  own  to  give  the  mill  proper  attention. 

As  I  am  very  anxious  to  get  the  matter  moving  I  have  decided 
to  wait  here  until  Monday,  and  would  ask  you  to  telegraph  on 
that  day  your  judgnent  in  the  matter.  Also  whether  you  have 
fully  given  up  your  Western  trip,  as  Mr.  Butler  is  waiting  in 
Chicago  for  us,  so  I  can  notify  him.  I  hope,  however,  that  you 
will  deoide  to  come,  as  it  will  help  us  all  in  everything  to  have 


you  look  over  the  ground,.,  as  it  will  give  the  stock  soheme(  should 
we  deside  to  push  that)  a  good  send  off,  and  make  it  mush 
easier  to  push*  We  are  anxious  to  get  right  at  it  so  as  to 
get  everything  settled  before  cold  weather,  and  so  be  ready  to 
build  during  the  fall  and  winter,  and  also  increase  present 
plant,  so  we  can  run  profitably  during  the  winter. 

Awaiting  your  telegram,  X  am, 

Yours  Respectfully, 




A'  ^/ 

\1Jl/v'  ^sr  .Arv^X^ 

'WS'^vt-'  C^X--<-cAv'  y^ft"  ^ 

^  A-<S&  '■y^t-^'-'— '•'  ^-\lCS\r<r <“*  _A"?0'Wj-\/Y^C  (JC^^3^Xjj)C'-'1 


(j^-3w3vj^io-trG-^'  ‘vv^_Jjji_^ 



[TELEGRAM.  AUGUST  19,  1890?] 

Ihos.  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  . . — - - - 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Brother: 

I  have  been  receiving  from  Walter  several  letters 
and  telegrams  lately,  which  indicate  that  you  are  not  very 
favorably  incline^  Upwards  the  schemes  which  we  are  planning  for 
handling  the  E.  fir  4,  business .  How,  1  write  you  to  assure  you 
that  1  am  not  weakening  at  all  ujion  this  business,  it  has  been 
something  like  a  year  and  a  half , since  we  started  in  on  the  same, 
and  as  we  feel  that  we  have  now  got  the  Mill  in  good  working 
order,  and  the  business  is  in  as  good  a  shape  as  it  can  be 
for  showing  results,  I  want  now  to  see  the  business  pushed  and 
a  large  plant  put  up  which  will  be  capable  of  turning  out" large 
products,  and  will  bring  us  back  large  profits. 

But,  now,  the  question  arises  how  shall  we  arrange  for 
putting  up  this  large  plant,  personally  I  am  not  quite/ in  good 
shape  to  advance  much  money,  and  therefore  I  am  naturally 
inclined  to  take  the  position  that  we  had  best  organize  a 
large  stock  company,  and  take  in  outside  capital  sufficient  to 
put  up  a  new  plant,  and  pay  us  probably  a  fair  bonus  for  the 
work  we  have  already  done  in  developing  the  business  thus  far. 
Now,  I  am  not  at  all  weakening  upon  this  business,  but  want  to 
see  it  pushed  with  all  the  vim  possible,  but  as  stated  above  I 
think  the  business  is  now  in  such  shape  that  it  is  ready  for  ^g 
organization  of  a  iarge  company,  who  will  take  the  business  and 

Thomas  A.Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  ^r other; 

The  contents  of  your  late  favor  in  which  you  suggest 
our  holding  off  our  Michigan  scheme  until  you  determine  fully  the 
sucoess  of  the  Ogden  Mill  suits  me  exactly*  with  this  exception; 
namely,  supposing,  after  you  have  run  your  Ogden  Mill  for  a 
time  you  find  that  it  is  not  going  to  pan  out  as  largely  as  you 
now  expect  that  effect  will  this  have  upon  our  Michigan  Enterprise? 

My  idea  is  now  that  we  have  got  the  Michigan  plant 
in  just  as  good  shape  to  boom  as  we  ever  can  get  it;  for  we  can 
Bhow  very  favorable  results  from  same  right  now  ,  and  then  by 
pointing  to  your  Ogden  Mill  and  the  results  that  you  are  expecting 
to  derive  from  same  it  does  Beam  as  though  now  was  an  opportune 
time  to  push  the  Michigan  business  to  the  front  as  to  wait  longer 
to  do  so. 

I  have  great  faith  in  the  business,  and  believe  as  you 
do  that  inside  of  two  years  it  will  rank  as  a  big  thing  in  the 
iron  trade.  _  _  .  (  ^ 

s  1  suppose  since  writing  this  letter  you  have  seen 
^Walter,,  and. learned  from  him  just  how  matters  staid,  anil  if,  . 
after  hea*  ing  his  Btory  you  still  feel  that  it  1b  best  for  us 
to  wait  X  am  ready  to  do  so;  for  you  can  juBt  bet  I  am  ready  to 
make  those  few  millions  that  you  talk  about  if  such  a  thing  is 

Very  truly. 

Mr.  Insull  could  not  say  whether  you  expected  to  come  on  later  or 
not.  Of  course,  we  are  all  very  much  disappointed  that  you  could 
not  make  it  convenient  to  come,  and  hope  that  you  may  do  so  later. 

One  thing,  however,  which  must  have  at  tention,  is  the 
matter  of  the  options,  about  which  I  wrote  you,  and  about  which  we 
talked  when  I  last  saw  you.  You  told  me  then  that  you  would  send 
one  of  your  experts  to  look  over  the  ground,  but  as  yet  have  not 
seen  him.  The  only  trouble  about  the  delay  is,  that  it  is  liable 
to  snow  up  there  almost  at  any  time,  and  of  course  very  little 
work  can  be  done  on  the  ground  after  .aijowicomes, 

I  wish  you  would  write  me  fully  what  to  do. -on  the  ques¬ 
tion  of  these  options;  whether  we  had  better  abandon  them,  or 
whether  you  will  send  the  man  you  spoke  of,  so  that  we  can  find  out 
something  definite  about  them.  Personally  I  know  nothing  about 


TANK  and 

•*■  BEAD  AND  -i|i- 


them  except  what  I  have  been  able  to  pick  up,  but  I  do  know  that 
there  has  been  good  mines  found  all  around  them,  and  as  X  stated 
when  I  last  saw  you,  it  is  possible  in  looking  for  the  character 
of  ore  we  are  after  that  we  might  find  something  that  would  make 
a  good  mine  for  us.  Of  course,  if  we  can  do  this,  it  is  to  our 
advantage  to  do  so. 

Trusting  to  hear  promptly  from  you,  I  am, 

Yours  very  truly, 

E.  I.  C. 


tank  and 


boimh  'I'xijsaas, 





n  fit  oh  er  nth,  18‘Jo.. 

I  have  spoken  t 

imes.  The  last  ohemioal 

67 .80  anti  phosphorus  wit  Ji¬ 

had  made  of  this  showed  i' 

MO  — 

in  the  Bessemer  limit. K  Ira  paid  a  short  visit  to  the  mill  and 


the  mine,  and  I  am  indirect  to  think  when  we  get  together  this 
NK’tt  wro-lti 

winter,  as  he  said  he  hoped  i#*-  do  about  the  Holidays,  the  deeisioi 


will  be  on  the  part  of  all  of  us  to  go  right  straight  ahead  with 
the  work  next  spring,  and  erect  a  large  mill  and  furnish  all  the 
money  ourselves,  and  not  go  outside,  as  per  the  recent  talk.  Vie 
are  anxiously  awaiting  the  results  of  Ogden,  and  hope  the  fine  on 
may  prove  to  be  all  right. 

With  my  kindest  regards  to  Mrs.  Edison  and  yourself,  X  ; 
Yours  truly, 

E.  I.  0. 

-  1  -  L-<l> 


TANK  AND  -fc 

■*r  BEAD  AND 


Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 
0  range,  N. 
My  hear  Mr.  Edison:  — 

<  •  V  ^ 

I  send  you  by  express  to-day  sainples  of  the 
ore  which  we  have  taken  from  the  Magnetic  mine.  One,  you  v/ilJ.  note 
is  marked  cliff  ore,'  the  other  shaft  ore.  i'/o  ha-'e  an  option  on 
this  property  extending  for  none  two  or  three  weeks.  1  would 
like  to  have  you  examine  the  sanples  and  write  me  what  you  think 
of  them.  The  attractive  feature  of  the  property  is  the  immense 

quantity  of  ore  on  it.  The  bluff  or  cliff  ore  rises  from  the 

V*-  \%oo 

ground  from  30  to  SO  feet  high,  and  diamond  drills  have  been  put 
on  the  property,  shoving  depth  of  it  some  600  feet.  I  saw  the  man 
who  did  the  diamond  drill  work,  and  also  the  company  who  had  the 

oth  told  me  that  there  was  over  6,000.000  tors 

work  done,  and  they  b 


of  iron  ore  on  the  property;  hov 


cliff  ore,  as  you  will  find,  is  v ery  hard  anl  dense,  and  : 

r,  it  is  of  a  low  grade.  The 


as  I  could  see,  it  has  the  s  arte  character  from  the  level  of  the 
ground  clear  up  to  the  top  of  the  bluff,  whereas  the  shaft  ore  is 
much  more  granular,  and  is  easier  separated.  Vie  can  take  a  tease 


m  Vv\' 

of  this  p*  operty  without  its  costing  us  anythin*;  up  •;  '  1  next  fall, 


except  in/;  taxes  anti  insurance,  which  would  no t  amount  to  very  much, 
after  that  it  would  cost  us  #1,250.00  per  year. 


-Si-  TANK  AND  -:|i-  ' 






0FF10E.  I7WRAND0LPH  ^^BES:  { 

Mr,  Thos.  A,  Edison, 


^  '(/p///axy07"  Novemte  r  3rd,  1890. 

Orange,  N,  J, 
My  Dear  Mr.  Edison: — 


Your  eormients  on  Mr.  Reed's  report  is  at  hand 
and  contents  fully  noted.  The  fepur  property,  as  you  know,  we  have 
already  covered  up,  and  we  are  at  present  running  on  about  250 
tons  of  the  ore  which  we  have  taken  from  the  Spur  property,  and 
ship^to  mill  at  Humboldt,  so  as  to  enable  us  to  know  exactly  what 
can  be  done  with  the  ore.  As  far  as  the  quantity  of  it  is  con¬ 
cerned,  there  is  more  than  enough  to  last  us  for  all  the  time 
that  we  will  want  to  run  the  mill,  aid  the  more  I  see  of  it,  the 
more  I  am  convinced  that  this  is  the  property  for  us  out  of  sill 
others  that  I  have  ever  seen.  The  ore  is  soft^pliable  and  crushes 

V'rf-OvV'  -teeS^y 

readily,  and  the  lire  and  tare  on  our  machinery  would  be  light 
compared  with  other  Lake  Superior  ores,  ard  aLl  the  conveniences 
are  better  than  any  other  property  I  have  ever  seen.  By  the  time 
we  meet — about  the  Holiday  time,  I  will  have  everything  in  good 
shape  to  make  full  report  of  the  property.  In  regard  to  the  mag¬ 
netic  mine,  about  which  I  wrote  you  sometime  ago,  I  would  like  to 
hear  from  you  as  to  what  we  had  better  d>  with  this.  On  this  pro- 


UOHiKll  TlTUJiaS, 




perty,  as  wrote  you  there  is  an  immense  amount  of  ore  in  si  cht — 
some  6,000.000  tons,  but  I  am  inclined  to  think  that  from  the 
samples  sent  that  the  ore  is  too  dense  to  successfully  concentrate 
it.  Our  option  runs  out  in  about  ten  days  now,  and  would  like  to 
know  what  is  best  to  do  before  we  is  t  the  chance  slip.  In  recard 
to  the  $pur,  would  state  that  we  are  Slipping  daily  ranging  from 
66.50  to  67.50  in  iron  and  about  .05  in  phosphorus. 

Awaiting  your  reply  in  reg  sr  d  to  the  magnetic  property, 



Thos.  A.  Edison,  ESq., 

Orange,  N.  J, 
My  Dear  Mr.  Edison!  — 

' Decent) er  5th,  1890. 

■  <Py/?c) 

I  regret  to  inform  you  that  night  before 
last  at  six  o'clock  our  Ktyboldt  mill  was  burned  to  the  ground. 

We  are  insured  for  $6,500.00,  all  that  I  could  get  on  the  p«,perty, 
and  have  no  doubft  but  what  we  will  be  able  to  collect  this.  It  is 
particularly  unfortunate,  as  we  had  just  bedn  getting  the  very 
finest  results  of  our  entire  work,  having  turned  out  concentratea 
69.85  and  some  as  high  as  71.50,  with  the  phosphorus  about  .04© 

Our  intentions  were  to  run  about  two  weeks  more  and  then  shut  down, 
and  it  makes  it  particularly  bad,  as  some  of  the  ore  that  we  wanted 
to  ship  most. for  the  Adams  process  was  burned  with  the  mill,  it 
standing  on  the  track  in  a  car.  The  cause  of  the  fire  we  have 
been  unable  to  learn.  It  took  fire  at  six  o'clock  in  the  evening 
and  the  watchman  was  in  the  mill  at  the  time,  but  is  unable  to 
state  what  it  started  from.  'Vrvjuo  ^  ^ 


E.  I.  0. 

Yours  very  truly 

Decent} er  6th,  1890, 

Thoa,  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  , 

Dear  Sir:—  /  ’  /  /  - 

f/  ' 

Mr,  Miller  and  Ira  are  here,  and  we  have  con¬ 
cluded  not  to  wait  on  collections  or  our  insurance  money  to  pay 
up  the  help  and  little  bills,  but  to  make  an  assessment  of  $1.00 
per  share.  Therefore,  please  send  me  your  check  for  $200.00,  and 


1890.  Mining  -  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company,  Ltd.  (D-90-46) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
organization  and  management  of  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co.,  Ltd.  Included 
are  documents  concerning  Edison’s  election  as  a  director  of  the  company. 
There  are  also  items  dealing  with  the  company’s  financial  and  legal  affairs 
Among  the  correspondents  are  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney:  Samuel 
Insull,  vice  president  of  the  company;  and  William  S.  Periy,  secretaiy. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  correspondence 
regarding  routine  business  affairs;  meeting  announcements;  letters  of 


New  York,  February  1,  1890. 

ThomaB  A.EdiBon,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  the  pleasure  to  advise  you  athat  at  a 
meeting  of  the  Stockholders  of  this  Company,  held  at  19  Dey  St., 
on  January  21st,  you  were  duly  elected  as  a  Director  of  the  Com¬ 
pany  to  serve  for  the  ensuing  year. 

Please  signify  your  willingness  to  serve  as  a  Director. 

Yours  truly, 



tk*M^  C 


.yl/ew  &tr/A: 

T.  A«  Edison,  Esq., 

Bear  Sirj- 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  let¬ 
ter  Requesting  me  to  prepare  a  license  agreement  between  you  and- 
the  Ore  Milling  Company  for  Sullivan  County  and  certain  other 
counties  in  New  York  State.  The  matter  shall  have  my  early 
and  best  attention,  and  1  shall  then  turn  the  matter  over  to 
Mr.  Insull  as  jou  suggest. 

Awaiting  your  further  favors,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 




yl/eu>  _ June.  2d.,__189Q . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

En closed  please  find  the  duplicate  copy  of  the  license 
agreement  between  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company  and  yourself,  the 
original  of  which  was  submitted  to  you  by  me  for  your  approval,  and 
was  returned  to  me  on  the  31st  ult.,  duly  executed  by  you,  indi¬ 
vidually, and  as  President  of  the  Ore  Milling  Company.  Will  you 
kindly  execute  the  enclosed  copy  also  on  page  10  only,  and  return 
the  same  to  me,  so  that  I  may  have  the  seal  of  the  Company  affixed 
to  both  copies  and  duly  attested  by  the  Secretary,  Then  the  con¬ 
tracts  may  be  delivered., 

0  v> 




./few  nth.  1 1890, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 
Orange,  N.  J,, 

Dear  Sir:-' 

^y£iyty?  •  ^ 

y  wAfc 

I  send  you  herewith  duplicate  tfopies  of  the 
License  Agreement  between  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company,  Limited, 
and  yourself,  affecting  sin  counties  in  the  state  of  New  York, 
duly  executed  by  Ihe  Ore  Milling  Co.  You  will  recall  that  this 
is  die  agreement  executed  by  you  about  a  month  ago,  both  indi¬ 
vidually  and  as  President  of  the  Ore  Milling  Company.  But  when 
I  presented  it  to  Mr.  Perry  for  his  signature  as  Secretary  of  the 

Company  I  was  informed  that  Mr.v  Walter  Cutting  is  no*  tie  Pres¬ 
ident  of  the  Company,  which  fact  necessitated  the  forwarding 
of  new  copies  of  the  agreement  to  Restigouche  fbr  execution  by 
him.  The  agreements  have  just  been  returned  to  me  and  I  now  send 
than  to  you  for  execution  by  you.  Kindly  execute  both  copies,  re¬ 
turn  one  copy  to  me  for  delivery  to  the  Ore  Milling  Co.,  and  re¬ 
tail.  the  other  copy  for  your  files. 

Hoping  tie  tbove  will  meet  with  your  approval, 

f  d<-3  o1A  Cxi  I'Wl&v.i  Cqj 


PLEASE  ADDRESS-  REPLY  TO  New  York, September 3rd,  1stQ 

16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

^  1 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

,  ■ 


I  have  your  favor  of  September  2nd,  with  relation 
to  your  letter  of  August  I9th,  and  to  which  you  say  you  have  re¬ 
ceived  no  response.  This  is  not  in  accordance  with  the  faots. 
Your  letter  of  August  I9th,  which  was  a  formal  demand  for  an  ac¬ 
counting  under  a  contract  with  our  Company,  was  not  even  signed 
by  yourself,  but  was  signed  by  Mr.  A.  0.  Tate,  your  Private  Secre¬ 
tary,  in  your  name.  Imnediately  upon  receipt,  I  saw  Mr.  Tate  in 
relation  to  this  matter  and  explained  to  him  that  the  letter  should 
have  been  signed  by  you  as  it  is  a  matter  of  great  importance. 

I  also  told  Mr.  Tate  that  Mr.  W.  S.  Perry  was  away,  and  as  he  was 
better  posted  on  the  matter  than  myself,  that  the  issuance  of  the 

stock  would  have  to  be  put  off  until  his  return.  The  reason^Cck 
"  'A 

has  not  Jbeen  issued  is,  that  I  have  been! unable  to  get  Mr.  Perry 

and  Mr.  WalawW  lwg  together.  I  do  not  think  it  advisable  that  I  as 

Vice  President  Bhould  take  any  action  in  issuing  this  stock  in 

view  of  my  close  relation  with  you.  The  matter  however,  shall 

have  attention  within  the  next  few  days.  I  shall  assume  that 

your  letter  of  September  2nd,  signed  by  yourself  is  a  confirmation 

of  your  letter  of  August  I9th,  which  certainly  was  informal  in  as 

/  -J) 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Continued  No.  2, 

September  3rd,  1890, 

wuoh  as  it  did  not  bear  your  signature. 

Yours  truly, 

Vice  President  Edison  Ore 
Milling  Company,  Limited. 

fcLo  <r^  CF*.  Co  ' 

Edison  General  Electric  Company. 

jk±_: .(MJdljZSr..  iso  o  , 

From  whom  received , 

or*  CL^c,  — ^^r~y . 

iAT  *al^u  — trvd^o  QiJ-<-^i£~' 

3  Cu^Sj - M£lT 

flwA  ^0  QA^cTVO  MjD  — >-^^^17^' 

t^T  f  (ksH_^£s  /SLC-M-Q  t/0  ’ 


0  (Copy) 

Orange  ,  N.J.  July  25,  1808. 

Preliminary  Agreement  toatv/eert  "The  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company  of 
New  Y ork  and  Walter  S. Mallory  of  Chicago,  Illinois1.'  Brief  of 
term  of  a  final  contract. 

3?  i  r  s  t  ,  Mallory  to  form  a  Company  with  a  capital, 
of  $£00,000.00,  —  Stock  assessable, —  to  be  called  "The  Edison 
Iron  Concentrating  Co."  with  General  Offloe  at  Chicago,  Illinois. 

Sec  o  n  d  ,  The  Edison  Oro  Milling  Company  to  license 
under  its  patents  the  said  Company  to  use  all  its  patents,  devices 
and  appliances  in  the  States  of  Michigan,  Wisconsin  and  Minnesota 
on  the  following  torms: —  The  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co.  to  receive 
a  royalty  of  15  (15)  cents  on  oach  ton  of  2840  lbs.  of  saleable 
ore  concentrated  by.  its  magnetic  separator  in  such  states,  wheth¬ 
er  the  Company  be  formed  by  Mallory  operate  the  machine  themselves 
or  lease  or  sell  the  nu chine,  and  any  contract  for  lease  or  sale 
must  be  submitted  to  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company  for  and  must 
receive  its  approval  to  the  end  that  it  iray  see  that  s  uch  contract 
for  sale  or  lease  sufficiently  secures  its  said  royalty  of  Fif¬ 
teen  (15)  cents  per  ton. 

The  Mallory  Company  are  not  to  operate  in  any  other  than 
the  States  mentioned  or  sell  or  lease  machines  to  be  used  in  any 
other  states  than  those  mentioned. 

Such  Mallory  Company  agrees  to  put  up  within  six  (6) 
months  from  date  one  complete  plant  capable  of  crushing  and  con¬ 
centrating  one  hundred  aid  fifty  tons  (150)  daily  of  twenty  four 
(24)  hours  of  crude  ore  and  to  diligently  prosecute  the  business 
of  installing  other  plants  and  operating  or  causing  the  same  to 




fee  operated. 

Royalties  are  to  be  payable  quarterly  ten  days  after  be¬ 
ing  due,  and  sworn  statements  of  die  number  of  tons  concentrated 
are  to  be  made  and  access  given-  to  the  books  of  said  Mallory  Com¬ 
pany.  to  any  officer  or  agent  of  the  Edison  Ore  ivilliry'  Co. 

The  license  is  to  be  exclusive  only  on  th  e  follow  ing  c^i  it  - 
cons,  the  failure  of  such  conditions  ut.  any  time  destroys  the 
e  xclus  iveness  . 

Tlia  t.  tie  output  of  saleable  ore  in  the  last  month  of  t  he 
first  six  months  (i.e)  January  1339.  shall  not  be  less  than 
Seventy  eight  Hundred  (7300)  tons  of  saleable  ore, and  for  tho  last 
month  of  the  second  six  months,  the  month  of  July,  1889,  shail  not 
be  les  3  than  Twenty  thousand  eight  hundred  (20800)  tons  of  sale¬ 
able  ore,  and  Kbj:  the  total  output  for  the  next  year  (i.e)  from 
July  1339  to  July  1890  slaU  not  be  less  than  Four  hundred  and 
sixty  eight  thousand  (468000)  tons  of  saleable  ore,  and  for  the 
next  year  (i.e)  from  July  1890  to  July  1891  slaU  not  b  •  less  than 
Six  hundred  and  twenty  four  thousand  ( 02--!  000 )  tons  of  saleable 
ore,  if  these  conditions  are  fulfilled  at  this  uutJ  the  license 

is  continued  thereafter  exclusive  provided  the  output  does  not 
Six  hundred  thousand 

diminish  below  (600.000)  tons  saleable  oro  annually,  unless  such 
output  will  not  net  the  Mallory  Company  a  profit. 

The  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co.  agree  to  furnish  an  expert  for 
sixty  days,  the  Mallory  Company  only  paying  travelling  expenses 
and  board. 

The  muchinery  is  only  to  be  used  for  concentrating  iron 
ore  and  for  no  other  purpose.  . 

l  ( Seal)  Thos .  A.  Edison,  • 

1  for-ihe  Edison  Oro  Milling1  Co 

■  •  (Seal)  Walter  G. Mallory. 

1890.  Mining  -  Foreign  (D-90-47) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  mining  and  ore  milling  in 
Canada  and  other  foreign  countries.  Much  of  the  correspondence  relates  to 
Edison’s  interest  in  various  Canadian  copper  and  iron  mines.  There  are  also 
inquiries  about  Edison’s  ore  milling  and  processing  machinery.  Other 
documents  pertain  to  ore  samples  sent  to  Edison. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests  for 
Edison  to  purchase  land,  mines,  and  ores;  routine  correspondence  concerning 
mineral  assays;  bills  of  lading  for  ore  samples. 

(Bd'VlCUdiciVl  0oppe^  (BoVM'pCl/M/'l/p 

SRoom*  201  anb  202  Set's  y-fDcvy-ti-c.  oSuifbmcj, 

1®^e,a.e^OL^c?ed;  C9 . -iao..*.../ 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Mr.  Allen  informs  us  thatr'you  think  vou  know 

tent  to  take  oharge  of  our  work  at  Sudbury,  so  will  you  kindly  gii 
us  his  name  and  address  and  advise  us  fully  what  you  know  about 

Is  he  only  a  miner,  or  would  ho  be  competent  to  take  charge 
of  our  entire  business  up  there?  That  is,  take  the  position  of 
Ren.  Mangr.  in  which  he  would  have,  subject  to  the  control  of  the 
homo  office,  entire  control  of  all  the  employes,  ordering  supplies 
advising  as  to  the  operation  of  the  mines,  running  the  machinery, 

Scpps?  Co. 


^1 W  (Bawabi ciw  0oppc^-  (SovN-pcn^^ 

cllooim  201  anb  202  3Wtj-$cMjM.e  S8t4f&m<j, 

103  to  109  $upe«to*  Street. 

TS^e-tt-^a-^ed/  0 . J.Ml*...2.7.tlx^..l88p.. 

Thpe.  A*  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

fle&r  Sir>: 

When  you  were  here  early  this  month,  you  said  that  as  soon  at 
you  returned  home  you  would  formulate  the  proposition  about  which 
we  talked  and  forward  it  to  us  for  consideration.  We  have  been 
expecting  you  to  do  this;  as  you  havo  not,  we  desire  to  know 

When,  you  will.  We  will  also  be  pleased  to  have  you  inform  us  if 
youi*  experiments  up  to  date  Justify  you  in  saying  that  you  expect 
to  bo  able  to  carry  out  said  proposition  on  April  1st  next. 

Tha  reason  wd  make  these  inquiries  is  because  we  desire  to 
taakd  other  arrangement  A  vnbout  refining  works  if  you  Have  hot  Al¬ 
ready  d^teftttihed  that  ydu  will  be  in  position  oh  April  1st  to 
carry-  out  the  Contract. 

Yours  truly, 

■Tbs  Canadian  GtyprCo. 

^  Scmcubicn^  Soppe  W  0o 

STCoo.m  201  anti  202  2c«*y-3!ayn.e  SSu.i.{t>iny, 

103  fro  109  Supeclot*  Street. 

T sJL^-JLc^eL,  & . Jam. _aiai*_lflML  ..... 

Ihos.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir* 

Your  favor  of  the  29th  inst  to  this  office  and  of  the  28th 
inst  to  Judge  Burke  have  been  received. 

We  think  it  preferable  that  you  send  us  at  once  the  preliminary 
draft  of  your  proposition  so  it  may  be  considered  by  our  full 
board,  after  which  we  will  take  up  the  matter  further  with  you 

We  made  one  request  in  ours  of  the  27th  ult  which  you  did  not 
answer,  viz. ,^that  you  would  inform  uo  if  your  experiments  up  to 

date-  justify  you  in  saying  that  you  expect  to  be  able  to  carry  out 


said  proposition  on  Apr.  1st  ne.xtt'-'  As  you  did  not,  we  will  be 
pleased  to  have  you  answer  said  inquiry,  if  agreeable  for  you  to 
do  so.  ^ 

Yours  truly, ■ 

Edison  Laboratory. 





C^erwKjc,  tsv-J  <4"^ 

-ft  Crj=~| 

jLJLe^  3.  -  -  ^S£!C  ®-— -—t  ^ 

«T  ^  ~£3r|. 

%  ,  "Curt  Lv^k" 

314-  BROADWAY, 

FEBRY  5TH  1890 






/  Ujrrfcr 

Jl_  ^  <*$  ISUX^C-  _ 

(IklwuM  M'-: 

. y a// ^ 

1  V/  X  X  \Ul'est(ifps^L  street 


|T  *'  > 

Thomas  A.  Kciison,  Esq'. , 

Orange,  N.J1. 

lantown,  Pa. 

Feby.  5th,  1890. 

My  dear  Kir:  - 

Since  our  interview  I  have  made  a  trip  to  the 
Sudbury  mines,  and  found  on  my  arrival  some  tvn  foot  of  snow 
instead  of  a  few  inches,  as  wired  by  my  agent.  I  made  a 
thorough  examination  of  the  nickel  property  and  found  the 
hill  to  be  between  100  and  200  feet  in  height  instead  of  70 
feet  as  reported.  The  "Soo"  branch  of  the  Canadian  Pacific 
R.R.  runs  right  at  the  fciot  of  the  hill,  and  it  is  doubtful 
whether  a  more  conveniently  located  mine  could  be  found  any¬ 
where  in  this  region.  I  had  insertions  made  in  various 
parts  of  the  hill,  and  blasted  for  a  depth  of  4  or  5  feet,  and 
found  very  good  indications  of  both  nickel  and  copper.  I 
think  there  is  no  doubt  as  to  the  hill  being  a  solid  ma^of 
nickel,  copper,  ore.  I  find  that  Messrs,  Vivian  &  Co.  of 
Wales  are  working  the  Murray  mine  and  employing  upward  of  100 
men.  The  Copper  Cliff,  Evans  &  Stobie  mines  were  all  in  full 
blast.  I  understood  from  our, interview  that  you  had  no  idea 
of  engaging  in  the  nickol-stoel  business.  I  would  suggest. 


however, •  th aL  if  the  experiments  of  Riley  &  Hall  are  at  all 
reliable,  a  Company  could  easily  bo  formed  here  with  suffi¬ 
cient  capital  to  guarantee  the  success  of  such  an  enterprise. 

I  am  now  in  correspondence  with  Sir  James  Kitson,  President 
of  the  British  Iron  &  Steel  Institute  and  Mr.  Riley  on  this 
subject,  and  providing  on  examination  you  are  satisfied  to 
become  interested  in  the  nickel  property,  I  fool  assured  it 
would  be  of  value  to  you  to  join  in  the  nickel-steel  industry. 
It  is  doubtful  whether  the  snow  will  disappear  much  before 
May.  I  have  left  word,  however,  to  notify  me  as  soon  as  it 
is  gone,  and  will  immediately  communicate  with  you,  as  you 
suggested.  As  soon  as  we  can  arrive  at  a  definite  understand 
ing,  I  will  at  once  raise  the  nec  ess  ary- capital  to  start'  op¬ 
erations.  I  send  you  by  mail  a  copy  of  the  first  mining  ■ 
journal  published  in  that  region,  which  may  interest  you. 

I  remain,  sir. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Washington,  D,  c„ . April-  1st  ,18908 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

New  Jersey. 


The  Department  is  in  receipt  of  your  letter  dated  the  28th 
ultimo,  in  which  you  request  to  be  informed  whether  a  car-load 
of  copper  which  you  recently  imported  from  Canada,  and  upon  which 
you  paid  duties  amounting  to  some  $1800.00,  may  be  exported  to 
Canada  with  return  of  the  duties  so  paid.  • 

In  rep  ly^  you  are  informed  that  an  answer  to  your  inquiry  depends 
upon  whether  the  merchandise  in  question  still  remains  in  the  custody 
of  the  Government  or  not. 

If  it  has  so  remained,  it  can  be  exported  with  benefit  of  return 
duties,  less  1  per  cent,  upon  due  entry  for  export  being  made  in  the 
manner  prescribed  by  the  regulations. 

If,  however,  it  has  passed  from  the  custody  and  control  of  the 
Government,  duties  cannot  be  refunded  on  its  exportation,  inasmuch  as 
Section  3025  of  the  Revised  Statutes  prescribes  that,  “No  return 



of  the  duties  shall  be  allowed  on  the  export  of  any  merchandise 
after  it  has  been  removed  from  the  custody  and  control  of  the  Gov¬ 
ernment.  11 

Respectfully  yours, 

V'  /  . 

Assistant  Secretary. 

(  No  enclosures.) 

(\  [\p  \  Jflaust, 

(\\\V^4  '  55,  fflls  Hraub  Mititl, 

;  o-*^UsCij  3  ouyt-A  'fcA^uO'  f^<ruisr'  &ec>  - 

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'rrv  'rrvy,  -jj-tTrry^ur  AtZfiL^  trns  -tAC& 

njts&i<£/t  suC  'ycrtsi//'  Curylves^AAses1Sl,t&. 

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s^irtAs  riAAC  4. AsU^CC^sZjCcsCsC  | 

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"yyx^/(ji/  a. AXAsCt^A^esyTA&rvAd'  <zia?  ~Cv~  <—*-' 

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cClsO-Asisi^  'USVtA,  Up  . 

OsTuL  (P  A^svt  ^Osrtforb  AuUfO  'tAjs  '  ** — * 

C^&L A^A^-tAjL-&y 

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suruO  Oor^y>t^^cjj  Atr  er>i>Cj^-/' 

<J  t CCvc^Pr  6&jL^  'Uyti&S  'U.JUs&As 

$~Cl.  &Cta#n  : 

7^  . 

r  r:  F; 

444  tA^xU:  ex-  /3U& 

A^of  G-LCsyw  <24si4&  ytflA,  £ACL> 

& .  &.  £Asoc-&-^o  -  fcAct,  v-e^z^z-*-^ 
Cryuve^^yxj  Cfzt,  tCcro  -€-<x^-y&@4  — 
a/l'iA  CLJ  t &TA^MsC-#^Jb  f3ts&C 
4  Ky  e^.cJUraJL^t 

X  have  a  sample  of  aend  which  is  found  near  || 
part  of  the  Amazon  river,  in  Peru,  and  is  said  to  contain  a  very"- 
considerable  qnj^ity  of  gold.  A  friend  of  mine  has  had  quite 
quantity  of  the1  sand  shipped  to  him,  and  I  thought  ypu  might  to 
interested  enough  in  sueh  matters  to  warrant  nie  in  sending  you  sons 
of  the  send. 

I  understand  that  the  party  who  controls  a  large  bed  of 
this  sand  is  looking  for  some  method  of  extraoting  the  ore  from  it, 
and  X  don't  know  but  what  quite  an  order  for  Some  of  your  apparatus 
squid  bo  placed, if  yoi}  thought  It  would  fill  tho  bill,  X  suppoas 
I  aould  get  you  half  a  barrel  of  the  sand  if  fou  would  like  to  have 
it.  ... 

Very  slnosrely  yours. 


G(artsherrie  Coal  and  Mining  Company 


Chicago,  ill . Oct. . 6, . 1890. . tea— 

•nomas  A.  Edison, 
Dear  .Sir;--!, 

ago  I  shipped,you .120  lbs.  of 

oJ  was  done  aftery  A cor  y e sp onden e e  in  reference  to 
z  now  process  you  bad  &^<r educing  magnetic  ores.  \ 

O  \  *.  <*  °C-  '  ' 

2  Several  letters  ha,i?e%£i'ss£d  as  to  how  you  have  sue-  • 
o  ceeded  in  reducing  this^orey  but  I  have  nover  heard 

a>  as  to  the  result.  Will  jtouj,%indly  let  me  know  if 
h"  %, 

<  the  test  of  this  ore  wqs  suc'oessful. Y/e  will  have 

“  ’  •' 

i  a  meeting  with  an  English  gentlenlang who  is  inter- 

m  %\\ 

oc  ested  in  that  country  and  has  been “^tetending  the 

steel  association  mootings  East,  and^ "before  meet- 
ing’him  here  v/ould  like  to  give  him  the  results  of 
your  tests.  "Will  you  kindly  reply  by  next  mail 
and  oblige 

Yours  truly. 

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1890.  Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores  (D-90-48) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mines  and  ores  to  be  bought,  sold,  worked,  or  tested.  Some  of  the  items  deal 
with  the  mining  interests  of  individuals  who  either  wanted  to  sell  property  to 
Edison  or  to  have  their  ores  tested.  Included  are  letters  concerning  the  lease 
of  mining  property  in  Putnam  County,  N.Y. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  inquiries 
receiving  no  significant  reply;  routine  surveyors’  reports;  bills  of  lading; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  items. 


P.  O.  BOX  3105. 

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P.  O.  BOX  3105. 

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/y  w  sv 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J.  J  \  . 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison:-  0^  ' 

In  reply  to  your  leM/ter  of  Sftqdtynfl  afoutLtfihe 
North  Carolina  Corundum  mines.  \pCKu'  / 

1.  Father  controlled  these  two  mines  for  a  time  1 
a  capitalist. 

2.  After  the  death  of  this  capitalist  they  wore  sold  at 
auction  to  Dr.  Lucas,  whose  address  is  Cullasaja,  Macon  County ,HN.O. 

3.  They  are  now  being  operated  by  Dr.  Lucas  at  a  large 
profit,  and  are  the  only  ones  of  the  kind  which  have  ever  paid. 

St ie ringer  and  I  went  all  through  the  mines  and  were 
entertained  at  the  house  of  Dr.  Lucas  on  our  fishing  trip  of  May 

I  have  two  brothers,  one  of.  whom  is  a  corundum  expert, 
now  living  in  Asheville,  N.  C*  about  75  miles  from  the  mines.  They 
are  real  estate  and  insurance  brokers  (circular  enclosed.) 

Several  of  us  are  now  foiming  a  syndicate  to  buy  up  a 
lot  of  the  inmens e  timber,  and  the  land  we  alro  ady  have  options  on 
includes  outcroppings  of  corundum  on  the  same  belt  as  the  Lucas 
mines,  and  promising,  so  Father  says,  quite  as  good  a  deposit. 

One  of  our  crowd  came  from  there  last  Saturday  night.. 


Do  you  wish  to  hear  more  about  this  ?  If  so 
at .your  convenience  ana  toll  you  anything  we 

\‘io  can  and 



i;'  JENKS  &' JENKS, 



Travelers’  Life  and  Accident  Insurance 
«  *  Company..  *  * 


J^eal  ^state  and  ^(j  nsurance. 


City  and  Suburban  TProptriy  Bought  and  Sold  on 


ROOMS  9  &  10 

McAfee’s  Block,  *  *  *  28  Patton  Avenue, 



.Mkssus.  C.  N.  &  A.  )•;.  JUNKS  desire  to  announce  to 
the  people  of.  Western  North  Carolina ’.that  thejr  have  established 
Real  Estate  and  Insurance  Offices  in  Asheville,  'where  they  rep¬ 
resent  leading  Fire,  Life  and  Accident  Insurance  Companies, 
and  are  prepared  to  handle-  all  Real  Estate  committed  to  their 
care,  to  the  best  advantage. 

The  Messrs.  Junks  I  possess  an  intimate  personal  knowledge 
ol  tlte  North  Carolina  country,  from  an  actual  residence  of  some 
years,  and  being  in  constant  correspondence  with  New  York,  New 
England  and  Western  capitalists,  they  have  unusual  facilities  for 
disposing  of  mining  properties  and  timber  lands  in  this  section, 
as  well  as  City  and  Suburban  property. 

They  would  invite  correspondence  from  all  parties  who 
have  such  property  for  sale,  and  guarantee  entire  satisfaction  in 
their  dealings. 

For  information  as  to  -their  character  and  standing,  the 
Messrs.  Jcnks  take  pleasure  in  presenting  the  following  refer¬ 
ences,  which  are  used  by  permission.' 


Stephen  O'Meara,  Esq,, 

Managing  Editor  Boston  Journal, 

Col.  C.  W.  Jenks, 

Sprague  Motor  Co., 

Boston  Mass. 

16  Broad  St.,  New  York  City. 
Hon.  A.  T.  Jones,  Brockton,  Mass. 

Col.  J.  J.  Whipple,  Brockton,  Mass. 

J.  M.  Hollywood,  Postmaster,  Brockton,  Mass. 

John  I.  lleggs, 

Vice-Prcs.,  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co., 

New  York  City. 

Hon.  T.  C.  Bates,;  A  j!  .  .  i  '  1  Woktcster,  Mass. 

Fred  G.  Campbell,  Esq.,  West  Westminster,  Vt. 

Charles  H.  Dennis,  J2sq., 

State  Agent,  Travelers'  ins.  Co., 

'i'-  .11  '  ■/  ! 1  i ! i  1  -'ii.i  Boston, Mass! 

Hon.  S.  '1'.  Snipe,  Bath,  Me. 

J.  K.  Voshcll,  Esq.,  -.  Providence,  R.  I. 

Prof.  FI.  P.  Wright,  •  ( !  1  I !  Ii(!  >’< 

Dean  of  Yale  University, 

New  Haven,  Conn. 

GoviGordOnV  -I!  IT  V:  TAJIM  UMA  1  -  Atlanta;' Ga. 
First  National  Bank,  Helena,  Montana. 

Wm.  N.  Lyon,  Esq., 


Choteau,  Chotcau  Co.,  Montana. 
Hon.  Geo.  Clark,  Waco,  Texas. 

M.  S.  Gordon,  Esq.,  Finis,  Jack  Co.,  Texas. 

George  Win.  Bond,  Esq., 

Wholesale  Wool  Merchant, 

T.  P.  Kelsey,  Esq., 

D.  C.  Cunningham,  Esq., 
George  A.  Jacobs,  Esq., 

Boston,  Mass. 
Highlands,  N.  C. 
Franklin,  N.  C. 
Cullasaja,  N.  C. 


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In  repjyto  y«w  £avor  of  tfc@  7*h  instant  i  I  mail 
you  tOirdw  -i*  .catalogue  of  the  9$jjH«  of  this  ^st*tav  ppgo*  <23,24,  anti 
25  giving  a  detailed  Us*  pf  tt)A  ppojpepty  p$  the  Lake  Champlain 
Iron  Co. 

The  entire  atock  and  bopds  of  that  company  are  held  by 
thia  Estate  and  will  be  sold  aa  a  unit  so  as  to  keep  the  property 
intact . 

I  have  a  detailed  report  ahd  estimate  of  the  values  of 
the  properties  owned  by  the  company  made  in  1884  by  Franklin  and 
W.G, Platt,  Geologists  Of  Philada, 

If  yott  desire  it  and  will  ad  telegraph  me  I  will  send 

It  tb  you  “by "axprea e ,  and  will  ask  that  you  take  every  care  of  and 
.  .1 
return  it  to  me  before  the  16th  day  of  June . 

I  believe  this  property  will  be  sold  at  a  great  sacrifice 
and  that  it  is  worthy  of  oareful  consideration. 

Very  Respectfully 

J  eft 


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w.  -cu  - 

This  man  secured  options  on  mining  properties  in  the  South 
for  Mr.  Edison.  The  options  were,  however,  returned  by  Mr.  Edison, 
he  having  decided  not  to  take  the  properties.  The  $250  is  to 
reimburse  Mr.  Arendell  for  the  expense  incurred  by  him  in  securing 
the  aforesaid  options'.  See  letter  from  Arendell,  dated  June  17th, 
1890,  upon  which  is  note  of  Mr.  Edison,  authorizing  this  payment.  • 


June  20,  1890. 

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Philadelphia. September  3rd. 1890. 

THoa..4,Miso",i!;sq.  ^  ^ 

.Grange*  S.J. 

Dear  Sirs. 

“  'The  lease  of  the  jPutnaa  County  ore  property  .was  drawn  up  by  the*" 
legal  representative  of;  the  Philadelphia  &  Beading  Coal..*  .Iron  Ca,.a  iieek  ago,, 
but  it  has  been  held  for.  submission  to  the  President  A.  McLeod.  .1  called  at 
the  off ic:e  again  today, .and-  .was  inf  ormed  that  MrJ4cDeod  has  not.  yet  sicen  it* 

•I  head  over  the  Lease  and  stated  that  as  there  .were  some  .features 
which,  you  would  probably  ;wlsh  to  change  that  I  . would  like  the , Compel  to  allow 
me  to  teite  one  copy  to  you  .for-  -ttswleioj^I  .was  promised  an  answer  to  this  ,, 
tomorrow,  end  if  it  is  favorable  .1  .will  come  over  to  Orange  on  Friday  .to.. examine 
the  matter  with  you.out  if  it  is  not  ready  for  me  to  take  .1  itill  have  it  sent 
to  you  as  I  must  be  absent  iron  the  City  all  of  next  week*  If  1  get  the  papers- 
|I  .will  .probably  go  to  Hew  York  tomorrow  night,  and  come  cner  to  Orange  on  Friday 



(£^ . 

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. £/°-  /ki>  ^  *y  4^rv 


Philadelphia,  Sept.  16,  1890'« 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  had  an  interview  yesterday 

with  the  legal  representative  of  the  Fhila.  &  Reading  Coal  &  Iron 
Co.,  and  presented  the  objections  which  you  made  to  the  lease  of 
the  Putnam  Co.  ore  property,  as  drawn  by  him.  I  think  there  will 
be  no  difficulty  in  arranging  for  the  changes  which  I  suggest,  un¬ 
less  it  be  in  the  purchasing  for  §500,000. 

He  has  promised  to  submit  our  criticisms  to  Mr.  McLeod, 
President,  In  the  meantime  I  would  suggest  that  you  send  me  the 
copy  of  the  lease,  which  I  carried  to  you,  so  that  I  may  go  over 
it  carefully  alone  and  see  that  I  have  omitted  none  of  the  notes 
made  upon  it,  before  I  have  another  interview  and  get'an  answer 
from  Mr.  McLeod.  Please  advise  me  also  if  the're  are  any  criti- 

[SEPTEMBER  17,  1890?] 




Dear  Sir;  Sometime  since  I  was  informed  that  you  were  looking 
for  vanadium  for  some  experimental  or  commercial  use,  and  have 

lately  been  informed  of  a  deposit  of  this  which  shows  a  good  propor 
tion  of  vanadanite.  Can  you  tell  me  v/hether  this  will  be  of  value 
to  you  at  the  present  moment,  and  if  not  a  secret  process,  or  some¬ 
thing  of  that  nature,  will  you  kindly  inform  me  of  its  use?  Mr.  . 
Crosby,  your  representative  at  New  Orleans  is  a  class-mate  of  mine, 
both  of  us  having  been  in  the  Corps  of  Engineers  service,  and  this 
request  to  you  is  purely  personal  I  being  interested  indirectly  in 

this  vanadium  find 

YW  early  reply  will  be/greatly  appreciated. 
V  tj  \/j  Yours  truly,  ] 

□  ^  Vi 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 
Orange,  N.  J. 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  and  the  original  copy 
of  the  lease  of  the  Putnam  County  ore' property,  which  you  have 
returned  to  me . 

Geo.  H.  Kearcher,  General  Solicitor  of  the  Reading  Iron  and 
Coal  Co.,  was  killed  in  the  accident  of  the  Reading  R.R.  and 
is  being  buried  to-day.  .  The  .matter  of  this  lease  was  in  his 
hands,  and  I  do  not  knbw  to/what  extent  his  decease  will  in¬ 
terfere  with  getting/ the  m/atters  adjusted  at  an  early  date. 

I,  however,  will  call  at^/the  office  of  the  Company  to-morrow, 
and  do  whatever  I  can  to  hasten  matters. 

Yours  respectfully,  ^ 

njfrfZ  ft 


vrange ,  w u  •  u  ^ ^  /  \ 

Dear  Sir:-  ^  ^  ^  ‘T* 

I  called.  yesVerd^y  at  the  office  4f  the  Philadelphia 

and  Reading  Coal  &  Iron  Go.,  in  reference  to  the  Putnam  County 

lease.  I  find  that  Mr.  Kercher  had  attended  to  the  matter  per¬ 
sonally  with  Mr.  McLeod^  and  Mr.  Heebner,  tlie  assistant,  informed 
me  that  while  he  had  a  general  conversation  about  it  with  Mr. 

Marcher  before  his  death  .  it  would  be  necessary  for  him  to  see 
'  -* 

the  President,  which  he  would  do  on  Mr.  McLeod's  return  to-day 
or  to-morrow,«$AM#^call  at  the  office  to-morrow  in  the  hopes  of 
getting  something  definite.  Mr.  Heebner,  however,  stated  to 

that  he  believed  that  the] 

•ould  be  no  objection  raised 

except  as  to  the  purchase  of  the  property. 

I  think  the  trouble  about  the  sale’ is  practically  that 
the  property  is  covered  wWy  the  general  mortgage,  and  M*  rtahi 
Pt  sale  must  be  approved  by  the  trustee,  and  by  the  terms  of 
the  re-organization,  any  money  accruing  from  such  sales  is 
practically  locked  up. 

Mr.  Heebner  stated  that  Mr.  McLeod  would  be  willing  to 
agree  fo  give  you  the  preference  in  any  sale,  but  finding  that 
the  purchase  would  probably  fail, I  raised  the  question  of  re¬ 
newal  of  lease  by  royalty. 

Enclosed,  I  send  you  some  data  which  I  think  will  be 
of  interest  to  you.  You  see  that  the  ball  is  rolling,  and  the 
importance  of  iron  ore  concentration  is  attracting  attention. 
Each  of  the  papers  have  been  presented  with  some  ulterior  object 
but  they  all  will  do  good  in  drawing  attention  to  the  practi¬ 
cability  and  possibilities  of  iron  ore  concentration. 

I  will  do  my  best  to  push  the  Putnam  bounty  matter. 



Ttio  subject  of  Magnetic  Concentration  is  to  be  boomed 
at  the  American  Institute  Mining  Engineers  meeting  in  Hero 
York  neoft  week;  four  papers  nave  been  presented,  of  which 
I  nave  advance  copies,  ana  send  you  synopsis  of  them. 

A  "  The  Magnetization  of  Iron  Ore,  By  demons  Jones, 
Hokendauqua,  Pa.",  describing  how  in  the  laboratory  hydratt*i 

■Hematites  were  made  magnetic  by  raising  them  to  a  red  heat 
in  contact  with  C  or  c  02  .  but  that  Anhydrous  hematites 

could  not  be  made  magnetic.  Mr. Jones  connects  this  action 
with  the  exputsion  of  combined  water  in  brown  hematite:  he 
closes  his  paper  as  follows :  «  The  subject  matter  outlined 
i;  in  this  paper  is  embraced  in  a  process  on  which  application 
for  i otters— patent  has  been  made".  But  this  was  anticipated 
iby  the  Edison  experiments  at  Orange  in  1 88  0-9. 

"  Ore-Dressing  by  Electricity  at  the  Tilly  Foster  ' 
^Mine,  By  F.H.McDowel t ,  New  York  City  ".  The  writer  gives 
j|  tfle  cost  1372(2  rasufts  of  the  use  of  Bali  Stamps  and  Conkting 
|  separating  baits,  which  summarized  are:  18.058  tons  of  waste/ 
iore[2? .39fr.\ron)  treated  fn  y  months  ending  July  3fst  1890, 
produced  8238  tons  concentrate,  requiring  2.89  tons  crude 
\per  ton  concentrate;  average  cost  $2.25  per  ton.  Actual 
I  expenses  in  Mill  $1.53  per  ton  concentrate.  In  August  3508 
;  tons  crude  produced  1391  tons  concentrate  f  2.52  tons  to 
j  *  ton  concentrate)  Cost  $ 1.89  per  ton.  Mr.McDoweli  claims 
jl"  Moss  the  location  and  other  conditions  are  exceptionally 
i favorable,  it  will  not  p<iy  to  erect  works  to  treat  the 
J  material  of  waste  dumps  carrying  less  than  25  cent,  of 
j  iron.  j\ 

|  mere  the  lean  ore';  ts,. mined  in  connection  with  shipping 
\ore,  there  must  be  a  corresponding  increase  in  the  percentage 


■  of  iron  to  ojj set  the  mining  .and  7'oyaity  chat'ges. 

i/hero  no  shipping-ore  is  produced,  there  must  be  a  still 
j:  further  increase  in  the  percentage  of  iron,  to  werrent  the 
erection  of  hoisting,  pumping  ana  arossing-woncs f3  The  only 

i  vafuabfe  feature  of  the  paper  is  a  table  of  costs, 

:  C  "  Magnetic  Concentration  at  the  Michigamne  Iron  Mine, 
Bake  Superior,  By  John  C. Fowls,  Michig&vmo,  Michigan''.  This 
is  a  paper  in  which  the  personaitty  of  the  writer  is  not 

ii  passed  lightly  over,  and  is  a  dosci'iption  of  the  ptant  whic 


F  doos  not  pretend  to  crush  below  5/8  mesh,  and  concentrates 
;  by  a  Buchanan  Separator,  the  tattings  passing  over  a  Wonst- 
;i  fbm.  Mr. Fowl  a  says,"  Up  to  present  writing  we  have-  shipped 
\.in  this  season  from  this  mitt  8000  tons  of  concentrates,  and 
|j are  now  daily  concentrating  180  to  200  tons,  at  a  cost,  incf 
ptding  crushing,  hoisting  material  into  mil  1-pockets,  separa 
jj  ting  ore  and  loading  it  into  cars,  of  18  cents  per  ton.  On 
jj some  days  the  concentrates  at  this  mill  costs  us  only  10  cen 
jjfl  ton,  delivered  in  the  railroad  cars,  including  alt  the 
above  mentioned  items  of  cost. 

ji  ?>l°  duality  of  the  concentrates  is  regulated  entirely  by 
;  the  electric  current  and  the  sizing  of  the  material.  Most  of 
jl  our  concentrates  wifi  pass  a  3/4  inch  screen,  though  some, 

I  which  are  produced  from  the  mine-screenings,  are  of  larger 
j  size.  These  mine-screenings  go  directly  to  the  separator  as 
j 52—  or  58-  per  cent,  ore,  and  leave  it  as  84-  to  85-per  cent 
ore.  Considering  their  wide  range  of  size,  we  regard  this  as 
very  fair  work.  The  waste-rock,  resulting  from  the  separatia 
of  the  screenings,  amounts  to  10  to  15  per  cent,  of  tn«  lota. 
j  Quantity  of  crude  ore. 

The  proportion  of  waste  which  wo  make  from  crushed  ? re' is 
jmch  larger  than  from  the  mike-screenings.  This  only  indicate 


:  ™at  tha  1oan  "W-ore  is  of  poorer  grate  than  the  mor~  fri¬ 
able  material  mtan  breads  into  small  pieces  in  mining  ana 
1  rns  t7lQ  screenings.  The  amount  of  tailings  varies.  *f  cour 
with  the  ‘Kina  of  material  mo  are  crushing.  It  fluctuates 
between  30  ana  so  per  cent,  for  most  of  our  separate*,  ore, 
which  runs  in  size  from  1/4  to  3/4  inch". 

Mr. Fowl o  illustrates  a  crude  dryer,  and  his  plant  is 
of  so  crude,  for  the  problem  is  much  simpler  than  when  ore 
Mas  reduced  in  size. 

\  -  tf  •"  The  Ball  ana  Horton  "Monarch"  Magnetic  Separator,  By 
C.M.Ball,  Troy,  H.Y.",  is  a  description  of  the  "Monarch" 
fiachine,  entirely  different  from  the  one  we  experimented  wit 
j'nf  Minevit  ie,  N.Y.  claims  that  in  the  now  machine 
the  ore  tumbles  end  over  end,  refers  to  the  now  min  °T  the 
; Benson  Mine  which  is  to  bu  "provided  with  crushing-aunhtnery 
having  sufficient  capacity  to  crush  daily  800  to  WOO  cans 
'of  ore,,  sized  to  t 8-mesh  And  finer,  and  the  separation  n* 
\t)us  quantity  of  ore  is  to  be  effected  at  the  outset  with 
■  three  Monarch  separators,  having  a  wording- face  on  the  drums 
of  24  inches". 

i;  The  easy  working-capacity  of  a  machine  having  drums  ,  of 

24  inches  diameter  and  24  inches  wording-face  is  from  IB  to 
20  tons  per  hour  of  ore  granulated  to  pass  IS-  to  20-mesh 
I;  screens.  The  power  required  is  from  t  to  f  f/2  horse-powor 
j!  in  electricity  for  each  drum,  and  1I2  to  3/4  horse-power  to 

j|  drive,  '  the  machine.  **  v . . . 

,7a  referring  to  same  analyses  in  a  table  appended  to  the 
I'  report,  Mr.Bki t  says,"  The  most  remarkable  of  those  was  the 
||  conversion  of  Port  Henry  Old  Bed  ore  into  a  Bessemer  ore, 
ji  carrying  Fe  71.10 ,  P  0.037.  This  concentration  was  made  from 

L  '  "  '  "I 


the  crude  ore,  carrying  Fe  5d.'/,  P  0  2.25 ,  the  Bessemer 
concentrate  representing  about  05  per  cent,  of  the  original 

If  such  result  had  been  produced  continually  at  the  rate 
above  mentioned,  Witherbees ,  Sherman  &  Co.  would  have  been 
apt  to  retain  the  separator  which  had  been  temporally  tested* 
at  their  mines. 

T,  A.  Edison  Esqt 

Dean  Sir!' 

r'&g.- '£>*&**■ 

X  have  just  had  a  Ions  interview  with  Mr,  Heetapi^  U  ^ 
concerning  the  modifications  which  you  desire  in  the  lea^f 
the  Putnam  County  Iren  Ore  property.  Mr.  McLeodij 
practically,  to  all  of  your  suggestions  except  1 

Renewal  of  lease  or  purchase,  and  the  use  Wood, 

Mr.  McLeod  says  he  is  perfectly  willing  to  agree  to  -give 
you  the  preference  in  purchase  or  in  the  renewal  of  lease  but,  /> 
for  reasons  which  he  does  not  explain,  objects  to  giving  a 
price  for  the  sale  of  the  property  or  to  agree  to  ren  ewal. 

It  seems  to  foe,  at  the  end  of  twenty  years,  you  would  be  in  po¬ 
sition  to  dictate  your  terms  of  purchase,  or  of  continuation 
of  the  lease. 

The  objection  which  Mr.  McLeod  makes  the  use  of  wood 
j  that  the  contract  as  drawn,  gives  you  an  opportunity  of 
throwing  up  the  lease,  but  while  he  would,  probably,  be  willing 
to  incorporate .this  wood  right  in  a  lease  running  20  yearB, 

sses  a  disinclination  yo  give  the  privilege  to  a  lease 
fornthe  reason  that , '^hr-tha^tlnie ,  a  considerable  amotkit  of 

T ,  A.  E.  2 

damage  might  be  done  to  the  wood,  for  which  no  compensation 
would  be  received.  He  takes  the  ground  that  he  gets  paid 
back  in  part  by  the  rentals  which  accrue,  I  think  this  cohid 
probably  be  arranged  by  prpvifling  that  if  the  lease  wre  given 
iqj,  say  within  5  years,  that  any  excess  of  timber  used  over  tfitv 

&X  ■ 

specified  cost  per  ton  of  product  fcpuld  be  paid  in  cash.  This 
would  require  an  accounting  of  the  timber  and  a  valuation  of  it . 

Mr.  McLeod  agrees  to  the  following: 

That  the  term  for  lease  tie  begin  at  the  date  of  signing 

The  report  of  iron  made  merchantable  be  made  On  the  10th 
of  each  month. 

The  royalties  to  be  paid  on  the  15th.  of  the  month. 

No  report  of  iron  mined  but  not  made  merchantable  is 

The  option  of  the  Philadelphia  &  Reading  Coal  &  Iron 
Co,  to  purchase  your  plant  is  withdrawn. 

You  are  to  have  the  right  to  use  the  buildings  now  on 
the  property. 

Also  to  surrender  the  lease  on  6  months'  notice  if 
dues  are  paid. 

0**>  The  right  to  remove  your  property  on  the  termination  of 
the  lease  if  dues  are  paid, 


X.  A.  E.  fc. 

He  also  agrees  to  the  annual  adjustment  of  the  royal¬ 
ties  instead  of  monthly  as  in  the  lease. 

I  do  not  think  anything  can  be  done  to  change  Mr,  Mo 
Leod  views  on  this  mattey  unless  you  elect  to  see  him  yourself 
in  regard  to  it,  and  you  might  accomplish  something  if  you 
think  it  is  wise  to  do  so.  If,  however,  you  are  satisfied 
to  have  the  matter  closed  as  it  is,  I  will  communicate  at  once 
with  Mr.  Heebner  and  have  the  papers  corrected,  so  that  -they 
can  be  signed  and  submitted  to  you. 

Please  let  me  know  your  decision  promptly,  because  I 
have  to  take  a  very  active  part  in  the  meeting  of  the  Foreign 
Engineersnhere ,  and  do  not  wish  to  let  anything' interfere  with 
your  work. 

My  expectation  is  to  go  to  New  York  to-morrow,  Thursday 
afternoon,  and  cane  over  with  the  party  to  Philadelphia  on 
iai’urdayy ,  leaving  this  City  fbr  the  West  with  them  on  Tuesday. 

In  New  York,  I  shall  be  at  thei  Oriental  Hotel,  and  can 
meet  you  if  desired. 



Ootober,  6th.  1890. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange  N,  J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  the  interview  which  I  had  with  you  a  few 
days  ago  with  regard  to  your  magnetic  ore  separator  and  the  mines 
owned  by  Mr.  Cyrus  Butler, I  understood  you  to  say  that  it  would  be 
convenient  for  you' to  see  Mr.  Butler  and  myself  at  your  laboratory 
some  afternoon  this  week.  If  you  will  please  dQy  thfl 

latter  part  of  this  week  and  let  me  know  the  day  and  hour,  we  shall 
glad  to  keep  the  appointment. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Diet at ed. 


Philadelphia,  Oct.  #th.,  1*90. 

T.  A.  Edison  Bsq.  v*'  J  / 

Owing# t  0.r..y.  ^_J  JJL 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  saw  Ur.  Heebner,  by  appointment,  on  Monday  nlfeht, 
and  he  stated  to  me  that  Ur.  UeLeod  objected  to  granting  the 
use  of  wood,  fortunately,  I  met  Mr.  Melieod  in  the  ears  yester¬ 
day  and  explained  matters  to  him  fully  so  that  he  was  satisfied 
I  hiiH$^rt>ahdone  d  my  trip  West  with  the  engineers  and  have 
just  some  home  from  a  long  interview  with  Mr.  Heebner,  having 
arranged  to  have  the  lease  prepared  and  sent  to  you.  I  will 
probably  overtake  the  European  Engineers  again  at  Chicago. 

The  question  which  you  raised  concerning  bounds  of  cer- 


tain  property  and  whether  or  hot  ores  w»ed  on  some  tracts  can 
not  be  answered  at  the  Reading  Office.  Mr.  Heebner  advised  me 
that  the  entire  description  is  copied  from  the  general  mortgage, 
and  that  the  Philadelphia  &  Reading  Goal  &  Iron  Company  eannot 

-  .  i 

give  you  any  more  than  th&vbut  they  do  propose  to  lease  all 
the  ground  which -is  mentioned  as  belonging  to  these  true ts  under 
the  lease. 

Mr.  Heebner  will  have  the  lease  engrossed  in  duplicate 
leaving  the  date  blank,  to  be  filled  up  after  such  engrosanent 
and  I  arranged  with  him  to-day,  that  if  you  desired  to  ecmuence 
work  imnedlately,  and  not  wait  for  the  papers,  you  could  do  so. 
Should  this  be  your  desire,  I  would  suggest  that  you  write  to 

0.  Hoebner,  Counsel  of  the  Philadelphia  &  Reading  Coal  &  Iron 
Company,  227  8.  fourth  St.,  aila..^^ 

In  regard  to  the  time  for  prospeotlng,  the  lease  is 
so  drawn  that  while  it  says  for  20  years,  you  are  not  bound  to 


pay  few-  royalty  for  the  first  year  unless  you  produce  ore.  It 
being  understood  that  you  have  a  year  to^wdwn/ore  and  ereet 
the  plant,  which  really  means  more  than  this,  because  you  have 
until  the  eht  of  the  second  year  before  you  have  to  adjust  your 
minimum  royalty  although  you  will  make  your  monthly  report  on 
the  10th.  and  pay  your  monthly  royalty  on  the  15th.  of  each 
abnth,  so  that  it  appear*  to  me  thdt  if  your  plant  was  in  oper¬ 
ation  within  ^e  yeanS after  the  date  of  the  leaee,  you  would 

HleA/.  jft'*-  Ms  Z 

have  to  pay^the  mininnn  royalty,  if  you  prodws#  during  the  year 

may*  ore  than  would  pay  the  company  the  #5000  per  annmn. 

As  I  wrote  you  before,  ther*  appears  to  be  no  re^or/  of 
•re*  mine^ only  of  that  made  m»r  Chant  able 'and  you  are  to  give 
the  emspany  ne  option  to  purohaee  your  plenty  nor  do  they  give 
you  the  option^toj^chase  the  property,  but  will  incorporate 
in  the  leaee^  giving  you  the  preference  to  purchase  the  property 

or  renew  the  lease  at  the  expiration  of  the  20  years.  You 
are  to  have  the  right  to  see  the  buildings  eh  the  property* 

> return  them  in  joed  erder;  to  which  I  called  Ur.  HOfcbhiib  it  t  Sri  tin 
a.  of  importance  to  report  in  the  eohedule  th*  eoniitloh  &  thi 
buildings  when  taken.  You  are  also  to  have  th*  *i$ii  to  qjj| 

timber  froia  the  property,  for*  ties  for  the  Railroad  traeki  for 
whith  you  are  to  pe  charged,  bu,t  ahould  the  lease  hold  for  10 

years  then  the  ampwjt  of  money  paid  is  to  be  re-imbureed,  to  you 

'  '  ’’  |!  1  >'•'  £ _ ‘ -  .  . 

by  being  credited  op  account  of  Ijhe  fnnl  * **  the  ore. 

You  have  the  option  of  giving  up  the  lease  at  the  end 
of  six  months  if  your  dues  are  paid  amd  to  remove  your  property 
if  dues  are  paid. 

I  have  endeavored  to  cover  every  one  of  the  features 
which  you  mentioned,  and  trust  you  will  bb  satisfied.  If, 
howeypr,  there  is  anything  which  I  have  omitted,  please  advise 
£e  and  if  necessary  i  shall  not  go  Test  until  this  it  tattled. 

I,  however,  have  advised  Mr,  Heebner  to  lnynedlately  proceed 
with  tranteribingr the  lease. 

~  v  6  c--' 



s\ - - 'ct>  J^ew York' . 18f& 

/jfoy  (jo  tftc-ii-afrL  ~ 


/ir'C  CL^-<  O-T^l  **  A<?  < 

T^Z,  : 


£lr'/e*<  J^-'-  ^  j 

/fazSc  ' 

. Sheets.  No . 

PhilMeipnia,  October  2? th  1890. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 


I  am  just  in  receipt  of  your. .telegram  stating  that 
you  will  not  be  in  the  laboratory  on  Wednesday  or  Thursday, 
and  that  X  had  better  send  the  points  by  letter,  I  think 
the  best  plan  to  follow  will  be  for  me  to  have  Mr,  Heebner  for¬ 
ward  you  one  copy  of  the  lease  as  now  engrossed  and  alBO  a  copy 
of  the  clause  to  which  I  referred  yesterday,  so  that  you  can 
see  if  it  is  satisfactory,  I  can  then  bring  over  the  duplicate 
copy  for  you  toy  sign,  and  I  can  witness  the  signature,  and 
return  both  copies  to  the  Reading  officials  for  their  sig¬ 
nature,  r 

Mr,  Heebner  explained  to  me  that  the  O.titleshad  been 
thoroughly  examined  and  he  had  no  doubt  as  to  their  validity, 
but  owing  to  the  possibility  of  a  failure  on  any  one  part  of  the 
tract  to  have  a  good  tittle,  the  desire  of  the  Company  was  not  to 
have  the  lease  jeopardized  by  such  failure.  He  feels  con¬ 
fident  that  no  trouble  will  arise  from  this  clause,  but  I  took 
the  ground  that  if  a  olause  such  as  he  mentioned  was  incorpor¬ 
ated,  you  should  be  protected  proportionately,  for  if  the  portion 
of  the  territory  upon  which  the  title  should  prove  defective 

should  be  productive  ground,  it  would  be  unfair  to  hold  you  to 
your  minimum  royalty,  or  even  if  the  portion  was  not  productive 
it  might  possibly  interfere  with  some  portion  of  your  op  a*ation. 
Mr%  Heebner  expressed  a  willingness  to  so  protect  you  .i#nd  while  he 
is  not  at  liberty  to  say  so  I  think  he  felt  that  ihe 

clause  was  really  unnecessary,  but  being  in  a  subordinate  por 
sition,  he,  of  course,  must  follow  instructions.  Por  myself, 

1  do  not  think  there  would  be  any  trouble  arise  from  this  pos¬ 
sibility  of  imperfect  title,  but  if  the  Philadelphia  &  Reading 
Coal  *  Iron  Company  hedge  on  this,  you  are  entitled  to  protection 
against  any  possible  deterioration  in  the  value  of  the  property. 

If  you  will  let  me  know  your  wishes  in  the  matter, 

I  will  try  to  arrange  my  movements  to  suit  them. 

YourB  respectfully, 

■*-■  a.  e^^'fess rft2#~ 

^u!^e  *C~J~-£&Z~  6*^  C&J.' _ 

‘~jf  •ZT  3? 4>-z>^/  £&iC~ &y*~u!  OiULsiv 

...  -,  9*^.  <kr£#z~L&*^-( 9*^  -^£z 

6  (_ct-*J)-l*  J  y  A7«ZwnVi >k Oso,  ’K-aJkzs^  r>n-&*u^  (v* 

<*ff'y  <*•«-*  -t£LL 

2L  l^STT" 

**/f~  ^ 

'  Ar~~  „  Ca^r- 


^  2-*-/^.  'tJ2j-zr, 

u'fO‘h>^y  o^.  3^>asX  aJ&tJ&y-  : 

7^—  ~ZLy  i^/&~-  — i^)^/£t^La~^e~ /i^1— 

^  J  ^  /  *>  mjZfr ^i.**%*+*-\ 

str,  e^ojut 

/  u  1  z/yp^  '  i-^^-y/^u.  ^ 

.-^^•5—  ~^V- p^r^tZ^T-  J  v^aJL^  . 

- l^S-ry^TZi^U  ,  ^Sist-r-rfE.  L*& Ci^-£j?t.  . 

^  '  f  oS<*/(  &  <5r~> — 

pU,.  UpL.:  ► 



{Mra/y  ('.tf/ZccYj 

Vi  ^ 

N(')  1 

\  J  ^  Nov.  18t.Vi .  1 1  890 . 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Dear  Sir.*- 

Re  Mining  Lease  of  Philadelphia  &  Reading  Iron 
&  Coal  Co.  Having  examined  this  lease  at  your  request,  I  beg 
to  put  on  record  my  conclusions  already  given  you  verbally,  as 
folio  wai¬ 
ts)  I  assume  that  the  definition  of  "merchantable'1  ore" 
is  satisfactory  to  you, 

(b)  Royalties  are  not  averaged  one  year  with  another. 
Consequently  you  hould  have  to  pay  the  guaranteed  minimum  royal¬ 
ty  for  any  particular  year,  notwithstanding  the  fact  that-  tte  roy¬ 
alties  ibr  the  previous  year,  for  illustration,  weie  largely  in-., 
excess  of  the  minimum  guaranteed.  However,  I  understand  that  the 
lessor  insists  on  this. 

(3)  The  provisionsrestricting  you  from  giving  a  cor¬ 
poration  the  benefit  of  the  lease,  without  the consent  of  the  lessor, 
are  stringent,  but  I  believe  they  meet  your  approval. 

(4)  Any  breach  makesthe  contract:. ;  void.  So  if  the 

monthly  reports  and  monthly  payments  are  not  made  by  the  dates 
called  for  in  the  contract,  the  lease  could  be  terminated  by  the 
lessor.  ’ 

(5)  The  lessor  being  a  corporation,  and  this  being  an 
important  lease,  the  execution  of  its  by  the  lessor  should  be  eith¬ 
er  authorized  or  approved  by  its  Board  of  Directors.  I  suggest 
that  this  be  attended  to,  and  that  a  certified  copy  of  the  Reso¬ 
lution  of  the  Board  be  procured  and  „  attached  to  your  copy 

of  the  lease  itself. 

(6)  Some  of  the  land  leased  to  you  is  itself  leased 
property.  Has  the  Reading  Co.  the  power  to  lease  leased  land  in 
this  particular  case?  Presumably  they  have,  or  they  would  not  do 
so.  But  if  you  wish  to  make  sure  of  it,  the  original  leases 

must  be  examined.  If  you  wish  me  to  take  any  action  in  this  re¬ 
gard,  please  give  me  your  instructions. 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  and  awaiting 
■pour  further  favors,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 


Nov.  20,  1890. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 


Mr.  Chas.  J.  Reedkps  called  on  me  with  reference  to,  iron 
mines  in  Northern  New  Jersey,  and  1ms  asked  me  to  say  what  I  would 
do  if  you  would  take  hold.  I  hold  as  trustee  a  tract  of  3,500 
acres  between  Clinton  Reservoir  and  Cannistere.  It  is  crossed 
by  two  veins  each  about  4,500  feet  long,  one  about  &  mile  East  of 
Cannistere,  and  the  other  about  a  half  mile  of  a  mile  West  of  Ut- 

I  also  act  as  agent  for  the  John  Rutherfurd  estate  in 

<yWt  i-f  Ktiuu  ‘-/■j  giv. 

negotiating  for^some  4,000  or  5,000  acres  of  land  of  which  I  think 
some  fifteen  tracts  have  considerable  mineral  indications,  and  in 
some  cases  open  mines.  They  extend  from  the  Centennial  Mine  South 
West  to  Cannistere,  and  in  the  Wawayanda  region  nearly  to  Vernon, 
and  in  this  way  furnish  a  large  amount  of  mines  available  in  their 
turn  for  such  mill  as  might  be  erected. 

It  is  of  course  difficult  for  me  as  a  lawyer  without 
consultation  to  name  absolute  figures.  My  desire  would  be  to  name 
a  fairly  low  royalty,  but  to  be  assured  either  by  covenant  to  that 
effect,  or  by  a  minimum  of  sufficient  size  that  the  mines  would  be 
worked  as  soon  as  possible  and  kept  going,  or  the  contract  aban- 




doned,  so  that  we  could  deal  with  others.  I  think  that  is  fair. 

I  can  recognize  that  with  such  large  mills  as  yours,  you  would  .. 
desire  to  get  control  of  a  number  0f  properties  so  that  continuous 
working  of  the  mills  should  he  assured,  and  frankly  I  would  Bather  - 
have  my  property  worked  even  at  a  lower  rate  and  let  the  other 
fellows  wait  for  a  higher  royalty.  My  terns  to  the  Franklinite 
Iron  Company  on  the  trust  property,  which  was  prospected  very 
thoroughly  were  practically  a  year  to  begin,  25  /  on  42  per  cent 
ore,  and  $1,500  annual  minimum.  Mr.  Reed  tells  me  that  the 
greatest  royalty  you  pay  on  concentrates  is  25  j i.  I  should  desire 

to  consider  even  this  rate, (which  seems  to  my  possible  inexperience  : 
somewhat  low,-  tf  I  could  get  proper  guarantee  as  to' the  working 
which  in  the  case  of  such  large  properties  as  those  belonging  both 
to  the  trust  and  to  the  Rutherfurd  estate  seems  to  jib  fair,  ind  I 
would  be  glad  to  have  your  views  on  this  part  of  the  subject.  I 
do  not  suggest  the  exact  form  of  such  guarantee,  because  I  do  not 
sufficiently  understand  the  conditions  of  your  business  to  do  so 

without  presumption. 


Yours  sincerely, 

liti^  faMijLj- 
-tv<  -  A 

Jit  A 


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T  .  A  <  Kdison  Esq., 

Orange,  N .  J . 
Dear  Sir:- 

Phila  .,  Nov  21st.,  1.390 

I  regret  that  I  was  absent  when  your  Mr t  Bachelor 
called,  ana  as  I  have  only  reached  the  City  this  afterhoon,  I 
have  not  yet  been  able  to  do  anything  concerning  the  signing 
of  the  lease.  It  wo  uid  have  been  just  as  satisfactory  to  me 
to  have  Mr  .  Bachelor  take  the  papers  down  to  the  Reading  Com¬ 
pany,  but  I  will  try  and  see  Mr.  Heebner  to-night  and  arrange 
to  have  the  matter  fixed  up  to-moirrow. 

Nov.  22  nd.  Saw  Mr.  Heebner  this  morning,  and  will  have  the 
papers  signed  early  .-in  the  week.  .  ’ 





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1890.  Mining  ■  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating 
Works  (D-90-49) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
organization  of  the  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works. 
Included  are  documents  about  the  closing  of  Edison’s  ore  milling  plant  in 
Bechtelsville,  Pennsylvania  and  the  establishment  of  his  Ogden  works  in  New 
Jersey.  Many  of  the  documents  are  by  William  K.  L.  Dickson,  a  West  Orange 
laboratory  employee  who  was  sent  to  Ogden  to  report  on  the  operations  of  the 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-64  (West  Orange  Laboratory). 

[JANUARY  27,  1890?] 

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Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Samuel.  Insull,  THOMASiBWiKso 


New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works, 


New  York,  Eeb,6,i89o, 

J.F. Randolph, Esq  . , 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  am  in  receipt  from  you  by  messenger  a  cheque 
drawn  by  Mr  .Edison  to  the  order  of  this  Company  for  $3,s!00.00, 
for  which  please  accept  thanks. 

Yours  truly, 


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1890.  Patents  (D-90-50) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  to  and  from  Edison’s  patent 
attorneys  and  agents,  along  with  other  documents  relating  to  domestic  and 
foreign  patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent  matters. 
Included  are  documents  concerning  two  patent  infringement  cases,  Edison 
Electric  Light  Co.  v.  U.S.  Electric  Lighting  Co.  and  the  Trenton  Feeder  Case;  an 
essay  regarding  proposed  reforms  in  the  U.S.  patent  system;  and  a  series  of 
notes  written  by  Edison  about  various  patent  matters.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  attorneys  Richard  N.  Dyer,  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  and  Henry 
W.  Seely. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  routine  correspondence  regarding  patent  application 
fees  and  taxes. 

Law  Offices  of 


No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, .January... 2nd.,. 1890 . 

Sir: » 

We  desire  to  notify  our  clients  and  friends  that  we  have 
associated  with  ourselves  Mr.  CHARLES  M.  CATLIN,  who  -for  nearly 
eight  years  has  been  a  member  of  the  Examining  Corps  of  the  Patent 
Office j  and,  with  the  exception  of  the  first  six  months  of  that  - 
time,  has  been  employed  in  the  Class  of  Electricity. 

Mr.  Catlin' s  experience  as  an  Examiner  has  embraced  all 
classes  of  inventions  involving,  the  employment  of  electricity  and 
cannot  fail  to  be  of  great  value  to  our  clients. 

Yours  truly 

Law  Offices 

(Dictat ed) 



No,  40  Wall  Street, 

('h^/  /  New  York, . 

. January  -  8  th-,1890 — 

My  Dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

I  saw  Mr.  Brevoort  yesterday  and  he  says  that 
he  is  having  a  little  hand^maohine  made  which  will  make  a  much  more 
striking  exhibit  of  his  invention.  We  concluded  not  to  show  it  to 
Mr .Edison  until  this  maohine  is  finished, which  will  be  sometime 
next  week.  I  will  tEike  it  as  a  favor  if  you  would  say  to  Mr.Edison 
that  it  will  be  sometime  next  week  before  Mr. Brevoort  comes  out. 
Yours  very  truly, 

To:A.O.Tate  Esq.  X : 


Law  Offices 

•  DYER  &  SEELY, 


(Dictated.)  No.  40  Wall  Street, 

New  York, . J.&nua-ry."9th-4S90» — 

A.  0.  Tate ,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  j. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  telegram  of  today  requesting  us  to 
send  you  a  complete  list  of  phonoplex  applications  and  patents. 
The  patents  granted  are  as  follows': 

No.  333,289  issued  Dec.  29th  1885. 

333,290  "  »  »  » 

370,132  "  September  20th  1887. 

The  applications|still  in  the  Office  are  as  follows: 

No  180,689  filed  Oct.  23d  1885.  " 

-  180,690  »  "  «  ii 

183,895  "  Nov.  24th  1885.- 

192,483  I'  Eeb.  19  th  1886. 

— 192,484  I'  «  ii  ii 

^208,359  'I  July  19th  1886. 

—  208,360  I'  "  "  n 

The  first  named  applicat 
EXHKKntxsxQgxbxxiiaxd  patent  ca 
and  fourth  hamed  applications 
Office  and  iwxfcfcieax  we  expect 

;ion  stands  allowed  and  the  ^naixsjxxx 
n  be  issued  at  any  time.  The  third 
i  are  awaiting  action  by  t  he  Patent 
an  allowance  in  both  cases. 

Yours  ve*y  truly, 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

n  ew  yob  January . _ 

Inclosed  herewith  I  hand  yeu  patent  No.  419/264,  granted  Jan¬ 
uary  14,  1890  upon  the  invention  of  Mr.  Kennelly  in  electric  meters. 

We  also  inclose  the  papers  and  a  tracing  of  the  drawing  for 
an  appii  cation  for  patent  on  ore  milling  apparatus  invented  by 
Mr.  Edison  and  Mr.  Dickson. 

Kindly  have  these  papers  signed  as  indicated  in  penoil  and  the 
oath  sworn  to  before  a  notary;  also  have  the  application  signed 
by  two  witnesses,  and  return  the  papers  to  us. 

Under  separate  cover  we  send  you  today  by  express  the  f blow¬ 

ing  foreign  patents.  ■ 

English  patentee.  17614  of  1888.'-'" 

*  "  ■  17614  A  of  188 8.-" 

"  ”  "  17614  B  of  1888. - — ’ 

Norway  No.  1327  dated  January  2;'.,  1889.  — 

Ni  S.  Wales,  No.  1421,  dated  May  16th  1889.  — ’ 

New  Zealand,  No.  3707,  dated  May  27th  1889.  — **" 

Queensland,  No/  752,  dated,  May  20th  1889. 

South  Australia,  No.  1303  May  15th  1889.-^"^ 

Tasmania,  No.  687/l0,  dated  May  30th  1889.—-- 
Victoria,  6769,  dated  May  21st  1889.  — — — 

French  patent,  173209,  dated  December  29th  1885,  on  t  ele  gruphy  - 

French  patent  No.  173,210}  dated  December  29th  1885. _ V/ 

French  patent  No.  187087,  dated  Noventoer  19th  1887,  Elec.  R'ys- 

French  patent  187124,  dated  Nov.  22d  1887.  Pyro.  Motor. - 

French  patent  187125  "  "  "  ”  "  Generator.— 

French  patent  194681,  dated  Dec.  10th  1888.  Ore  milling.  , — 

In  this  pradbg-e^vfe 

also  inclose  the  certificates  of  working 

of  French  pat onts  Nos.  173209,  187125,  187124,  and  194681.  The 
inventions  covered  by  these  patents  were  exhibited  at  the  Paris  Ex¬ 
po  sit  ion. 

Please  acknowledge  receipt  ojjall  these  papers,  and  oblige  ’, 


/<yy  -  £s)~ct  d.a 




new  York . J.amary..,..28..d . l.g.90 . 

j  fa 

Orange,  M.  J.  |  '>-»• 

Dear  Si r'4- 

We^your  letter  of  the  Slat  inst..  with  reference  to  the  manu¬ 

facture  of  the  toy  phonograph  in  Canada.  We  have  no  information 
as  to  what  patents  have  been  taken,  out  in  Canada  by  Mr.  Jacques, 
or  by  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  M'f'g.  Co,  and  so  we  cannot  say 
when  a  manufacture  will  have  t  o  be  commenced  in  Canada  in  order  to 

save  these  patents.  As  to  fir.,  Edison's  own  improvements  on  the 
applied  for 

toy  phonograph,  no  patents  have  yet  been^isdcRHxsuBt  in  Canada  and  otr 

intention  is^to  apply  for  4  patent  until  after  the  United  States 
patent  has  issued.  This  will  be  as  soon  as  scmething  definite 
is  settled  about  the  talcing  out  of  foreign  patents  corresponding  to 


Yours  truly, 

Washington,  D«o)  1 ,  38,y  1890, 

My  Dear  Mr,  Edison:-  % 

E°r  the  first  time  iiyKmany  yWrs  a'praetical  man  is  at 
the  head  of  the  House  Patent  O^fi^OojanlUtee;  having  himself  been 
Commissioner  of  Patents,  and  knowingthe  troubles  and  difficulties 
in  the  Office  he  has  undertaken  to  try  and  iraporve  the  service. 

If  you  will  commit  to  writing  your  views  on  the  matter, 
and  make  some  suggestions  as  you  think  ought  to  be  carried  out, and 
then  such  other  suggestions  as  you  would  be  willing  to  accept  if 
all  could  not  bo  accomplished,  I  will  endeavor  to  see  if  they  can¬ 
not  be  engrafted  into  the  law. 

It  will  be  necessary  to  act  procptly  as  he  wants  to  get 
early  action* 

Yours  tiuly. 

made  to  the  Patent  Office  in  relation  to  your  case  #599. Cannot  an 

experiment  be  made  at  an  early  day  upon  this  matter?  You  have  in 
your  book  we  presume  a  copy  of  the  drawing  and  the  claims. Should 
you  need  the  ocmplete  copy  of  the  specification  for  the  purpose, 
kindly  let  us  know. The  specification  states  that  oxide  of  iron  is  a 
suitable  material  to  be  used. 

(Enclosure)  Yours  very  truly,  % _ 



fiitd  hovemeer  i,  ices 

SERIAL  Ho.  110,050,  (Edison's  Ho.  509) 

s  I  R:- 

In  the  above  entitled  application  tho  following 
arnondnont  io  submitted: 

On  1st  page  of  specification, in  :31st  lino,sub- 
otituto  -----  located  -----  for  "indicated”. 

On  2nd  page  of  specification  insert  aft  or  "  cumu- 
lative"  in  7th  line, the  ’words  -----  or  reciprocal  -  -  — 
On  4th  page  of  specification  insert  after  "cum¬ 
ulative"  in  9th  line, the  words  -  -  -  -  -or  reciprocal  -  -  - 
In  3rd,  4th  and  5th  claims  insert  after  the 
word  "cumulative"  in  the  3rd  line  of  each  claim, the  words 
-  -  -  -  -  or  reciprocal  -  -  -  -  - 

With  regard  to  tho  request  made  by  the  Examiner 
that  an  affidavit  should  bo  fur  ashed  sotting  forth  that  an 
apparatus  construe  tod  in  accordance  with  the  specification 
has  boon  tested  by  the  applicant  and  found  to  bo  operative  , 
we  beg  to  state  that  in  discussing  this  matter  with  Hr. Edi¬ 
son  with  a  view  of  procuring  such  an  affidavit, he  could  not 
recollect  whether  in  the  enormous  number  of  experiments  made 
in  tho  direction  of  this  invention  he  had  ever  tested  the. 
precise  apparatus  described^ or  if  he  had,he  was  not  able 
to  state  witli  accuracy  what  tho  results  were,  nor  were  we  able 
to  find  the  record  of  the  experiments.  While  he  felt  entire- 


40  Wall  Street, 

New  York . 

Dear  SirsJ- 

I  enclose  herewith  a  description  of  the  Edison- 
Lalonde  coll  as  now  made.  The  alterations  which  have  been 
made  in  the  details  of  construction,  are  not  considered  important 
by  Mr*  Edison*  When  I  spoke  t  o  him  about  this  matter,  he  said 
that  the  description  cartained  in  the  original  application  was 

Private  Secretary. 


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Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Orang  e, 

new  York . Jam  ary.  31, 189.0 * . 

Dear  Sir:- 

Please  return  tm 

T.  A.  E. 

We  have  had  a  letter  from  the  United  Edison 
Manufacturing  Co. asking  for  a  copy  of  a  patent  of  yours  on  using 
a  continuous  current  dynamo  in  an  alternating  ciwuit-.o  that  the 
alternations  are  prevented  from  falling  below  zero.  You  filed  an 
application  on  this  matter  sometime  ago  but  the  education  was 
Placed  in  interference  with  another  party  and  the  interference  was 
decided  against  you  .because  in  your  preliminary  statement  you 
failed  to  go  back  as  far  as  the  date  when  the  other  man's  applica¬ 
tion  was  filed.  We  have  therefore  informed  the  Edison  .Co.  that  you  ‘ 
hadt/no  patent  for  this  matter,  although  you  have  an  application  pend- 
ing  in  the  Patent  Office. 

Yours  truly, 


fad/***  >j 



Dear  Sir;- 

In  the  description  which  you  sent  me  of  the  new  Edi- 
son-lalande  battery, there  is  no  mention  of  the  wrapping  of  the 
sticks  off  caustic  potash  with  paraffine  paper.  I  understood  from 
Mr. Edison  that  this  was  done.  Will  you  please  let  me  know  if  this 
■is  the  case  and  whether  this  feature  is  one  of  importance?  It  was 
not  mentioned  in  the  application  which  Mr.Edison  filed  on  the  bat¬ 
tery  and  if  it  is  important  I  think  a  new  application  ought  to  be 
filed  to  cover  it.  The  Patent  Office  has  refused  the  claims  on 
the  use  of  caustic  potash  in  sticks  as  distinguished  fran  its  use 
in  the  form  of  particles, but  I  think  the  claim  including  the  wrap¬ 
ping  with  paraffine  paper  or  some  other  protective  material  would 
no  doubt  be  granted.  In  writing  you  might  explain  just  what  the  *xh 
function  of  the  wrapping  on  the  sticks  is. 

Yours  truly, 

-T?eh-  7,  -I  Ron 

Messrs.  Dyer  &  Seely, 

New  York  City. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

Reforring  to  letter  of  your  Mr.  H,  VI,  Seely,  under 
date  3rd  instant,  in  regard  to  the  description  which  I  sent  you 
of  the  new  Kdison-Lalande  cell,  I  beg  to  advise  you  that  tho  caus¬ 
tic  potash  sticks,  while  being  wrapped  with  paraffine  paper  are 
not  now  placed  in  the  solution  with  the  paraffine  paper  around 
them.  It  wa s  originally  contemplated  that  they  would  be  placed  in 
the  solution  with  the  paper  around  them  so  that  they  could  dis¬ 
solve  s lowly ,  but  wo  find  that  it  is  better  to  take  the  paper  off 
and  let  than  dissolve  at  once,  as  it  doe’s  not  break  tho  jars. 
Therefore,  the  claim  which  you  intended  to  make  in  tho  Pat  art  Of¬ 
fice  will  now  be  unnecessary. 



r  Dear  Mi' .  Edison: - 
ion  of  tho  Supre 

ar.-  26th.  ,1890.' 

Very  truly  yours, 

S.  B.  Eaton  pel-  C,‘ 

?/!■/<■  zy/zf-^o. 


Hut  wo  think  that  tho  question  involvod  in  thu  pros- 
ont  oano  is  not  tho  eamo  as  that  decided  in  Bate  Bofriror- 
at iag  Co.  X*  Hammond,  and  is  jiot  controlled  by  tho  doois- 
ion  in  that  oaso.  Thoro ,  a  United  States  patent  was 
Rrantod  in  Movonibor,  1877,  for  sovontoon  years.  A  patent 
for  tho  same  invontion  had  boon  granted  in  Canada  to  tho 
same  patontoo  for  fivo  years  front  January,  1877.  Tho 
Canadian  patont  was,  in  Uoooribor,  1881,  oxtondod  for  five 
yoarB  from  January,  1888,  and  also  for  fivo  years  from 
January,  1887,  under  a  Canadian  statute  passed  in  1878. 

The  question  involvod  was  vhethor,  undor  aootion  4887,  tho 
United  States  patont  expired  in  January,  1888,  or  in  Jan¬ 
uary,  1803.  This  court,  limiting  itself  to  tho  prociso 
question  involved,  said  that  it  was  "of  opinion  that,  in 
tho  prosont.  cane,  whoro  tho  Canadian  stntuto  undor  viiich 
tho  extensions  of  tho  Canadian  patont  wore  Rrantod,  was  in 
force  when  tho  United  States  patont  was  iBsuod,  and  also 
when  that  patent  Yms  applied  for  and  whoro,  by  tho  Cana¬ 
dian  Btatuto,  tho  extension  of  tho  patent  for  Canada  was  a 
natter  entirely  of  rip;ht ,  at  the  option  of  tho  patontoo, 
on  his  payment  of  a  roquirod  foe,  and  whoro  the  fifteen 
yoars'  term  of  the  Canadian  patont  has  been  continuous  arri 
without  interruption,  tho  Unitod  Spates  patont  doos  not 
expire  boforo  the  end  of  the  fifteen  years'  duration  of 
tho  Canadian  patent."  This  was  said  on  tho  viow,  oxpross-; 
od  olso whoro  in  lino  opinion,  that  tho  Canadian  patent  did  | 
not  expire,  and  it  novor  oonld  havo  boon  said  properly  that! 
it  would  oxpiro,  before  January,  1892.  Tho  ground  of  this1 


conclusion  was,  that  tho  "term*  of  the  Canadian  patent 
granted  in  January,  1877,  was  by  tho  Canadian  statute  at 
all  times  a  term  of  fifteen  years'  duration,  made  contin¬ 
uous  and  uninterrupted  by  the  action  of  the  patentee,  as 
a  matter  entirely  of  right,  at  his  oy m  option. 

By  parity  of  reasoning,  as  applied  to  the  present 
case,  section  4887  requires  that  tho  United  States  patent 
shall  be  so  limited  as  to  expire  at  tho  same  time  with  the 
term  limited  by  the  foreign  patent  issued  prior  to  the 
issuing  of  tho  United  States  patent,  having  then  the  short¬ 
est  time  to  run.  Thore  is  no  tiling  in  tho  statute  which 
admits  of  the  view  that  tho  duration  of  the  United  States 
patent  is  to  bo  limited  by  anything  but  tho  duration  of 
the  legal  term  of  tho  foreign  patent  in  force  at  the  time 
of  the  issuing  of  tho  United  States  patent,  or  that  it  is 
to  be  limited  by  any  lapsing  or  forfeiture  of  any  portion 
of  the  term  of  such  foreign  patent,  by  means  of  the  opera¬ 
tion  of  a  condition  subsequent,  according  to  the  foreign 
statute.  In  saying  that  "every  patent  granted  for  an  in- 
”ention  which  has  boon  previously  patented  in  a  foreign 
country  shall  bo  so  limited  as  to  expire  at  the  sane  time 
with  the  foreign  patent,"  tho  statute  manifestly  assumes 
that  the  patent  previously  granted  in  a  .foreign  country  is 
one  granted  fbr  a  definite  torn.;  and  its  meaning  is,  that 
the  United  States  patent  shall  be  so  limited  as  to  oxpiro  : 
at  tho  same  timo  with  such  tore  of  tho  foreign  patent. 

Such  term  was  hold,  in  Bate  Kofriaorating  On.  v.  Hnnnmnd 
to  bo  f if toon  years  and  not  five  years. 



This  view  is  made  conclusive  by  the  requirement  of 
section  4887,  that  if  there  be  more  than  one  prior  foreign 
patent,  the  United  Statos  patent  shall  be  so  limited  as  to 
expire  at  the  same  time  with  that  one  of  such  foreign  pat¬ 
ents  "having  the  shortest  term."  This  moans  the  foreign 
patent  which,  at  the  timo  tho  United  States  patent  is  gran¬ 
ted,  has  then  the  shortest  term  to  run,  irrespective  of 
the  feet  that  tho  foreign  patent  may  afterwards  lapse  or 
become  forfeited  by  the  nen-obsorvance  of  a  condition  sub¬ 
sequent  prescribed  by  tho  foreign  statute.  ' 

In  the  view  that  section  4887  is  to  bo  road  as  if 
it  said  that  the  United  Statos  patent  is  to  bo  so  limited 
as  to  expire  at  tho  same  time  with  tho  expiration  of  tho 
t0an  °T  th°  foreiG»  Patent,  or  if  there  be  more  than  ono, 
at  the  same  time  with  tho  expiration  of  the  term  of  tho 
one  having  tho  shortest  term,  the  interpretation  wo  have 
Riven  to  it  is  in  harmony  with  the  interpretation  of  the 
words  "oxpirat ion  of  term"  in  analogous  cases.  (Qakiev  v.  j 
Sshoonmakor,  15  Wendell ,  226;  Beach  z.  Nixon,  9  N.  Y.  35; 
Smm  -  S***’  a  )  In  tho  so  cases  it  was 

held  that  the  words  "expiration  of  term"  do  not  moan  expi-  I 
rat  ion  of  torn,  through  a  forfeiture  by  broach  of  a  condi- 
tion,  but  mean  expiration  by  lapse  of  time. 

The  decree  of  tho  Circuit  Court  is  reversed,  and  I 

the  case  is  remanded  to  that  court  with  a  direction  to  I 

overrule,  with  costs,  the  plea  of  the  defendant,  to  assign 
it  to  answer  the  bill,  and  to  take  such  farther  proceedings 
as  shall  not  be  inconsistent  with  tho  opinion  of  this  court.! 

dkets  ^0co/j 


EATON  &  LEWIS  <s 


e>~)  4-  ">  (' rv  |  "is? 

^  U  ^  c  <  ^  n 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.-, 

Orange,  M.  J.-,  ^2t4  ?t  ?y// f p g 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Edison-Hunte  r- Interference  Mr.  Rudolph  Id.  Hunter 
has  for  sometime  past  been  pressing  me  to  give  him  an  answer  to 
a  proposition  of  amicable  settlement  of  your  differences  in  the 
above  interference.  My  understanding  of  the  matters  is  this,' 

A  claim  in  an  application  of  Mr.  Hunter  for  a  combination  of  a 
branch  of  an  electrical  railway  in  permanent  multiple  arc  with  the 
main  line  has  been  placed  in  interference  with  one  of  your  appli¬ 
cations  fbr  an  arrangement  of  a  branch  of  an  electric  railway, 
designed  among  other  things  to  prevent  short-circuiting,  which 
shows  the  construction  claimed  by  Hunter,  although  it  does  not 
specifically  claim  it. 

Mr.  Hunter  hi s  put  in  his  directtesfcimony  in  the  inter¬ 
ference,  and  depends  upon  sketches  of  his  inventi on  alleged  to  have 
been  made  in  1873.  He  wishes  you  to  come. :  some  agreement  with 
him  by  means  of  which  a  patent  may  be  issued  to  him  upon  his  broad 

claim  and  a  patent  fb  r  tie  specific  construction  shown  in  your 
application  issued  to  the  Edison  Company, Hunter  to  license  the  Ed¬ 
ison  Company  under  his  patents.  Hunter  claims  that  one  of  your  f0*> 
eign  patents  showing  the  same  invention  has  expired,  and  that  even 
if  this  interference  is  declared  in  your  favor  the  patent  to  be 
issued  therefor  would  by  invalid.  Upon  being  pressed  by  Mr.  Seely 
for  the  particulars  as  to  this!  .alleged  foreign  patent,  Mr.  Hunter 
could  not  give  than.  Mr.  Seely  thinks  that  the  circumstances 
of  the  interference  are  in  our  favor  and  that  we  can  win  it.  He 
regards  the  point  Mr.  Hunter  makes  on  foreign  patents  as  unimpor¬ 
tant.-  Another,  and  the  chief  reason,  why  Mr.  Seely  prefers  to 
have  the  interference  continued  is  that  the  testimony;  .thusfar  given 
by  Mr.  Hunter  in  the  Sprague  cases  gives  him  reason  to  believe 
that  it  may  be  important  for  us  to  have  an  opportunity  to  cross- 
examine  Hunter  at  almost  any  time,  and  the  continuance  of  this  in¬ 
terference  would  always  give  us  such  an  ppportunity  at  short  no¬ 
tice,  and  further,  he  does  not  oonsider  the  questions  involved 
in  this  interference  upon  your  part  of  any  particular  present 
moment . 

Will  you  kindly  give  me  your  views  upon  this  matter 
and  as  to  the  course  you  think  itvvould  be  wisest  for  us  to  pursue 


Dear  Sir:- 

tve  send  you  herewith  an  affidavit  which  we  would  like  to  have 
you  sign  and  acknowledge  before  a  notary  publio/and  return  to  us 
for  use  in  your  application  Mo.  81,327,  for  the  puip  ose  of  carry¬ 
ing  the  date  of  your  invention  bafjk  of  a  reference.  You  have  al¬ 
ready  made  an  affidavit  injthis  application  to  the  fact  of  invention 
prior  to  October  20th  1882,  but  the  Office  he  H  that  a  bare  affi¬ 
davit  to  the  fact  was  not  sufficient.  In  the  above  affidavit  we 
have  set  forth  the  place  at  which  the  electrode  was  made(and  the 
name  of  a  person,  who,  as  we  suppose,  saw  it.  We  think  that  this 
affidai^?t«Wil  1  be  sufficient.  If  not  we  shall  bejobliged  to  get 
the  affidavit  of  on*  or  more  persons  who  saw  the  electrode. 

Yours  truly, 


(Diet at  ad) 


NEW  . April . 7-1890. . 

Thomas  A.Edison  Esq. 


I  enolose  a  preliminary  statement  in  the  interfer¬ 
ence  on  the  glass  making  apparatus  consisting  of  a  receptacle  hav¬ 
ing  an  aperture  and  a  plunger  for  forcing  the  melted  glass  out 
through  the  aperture.  1  found  a  sketch  and  description  of  this  ap¬ 
paratus  whioh  you  sent  us  October  3,  1887  so  I  put  the  date  of 
conception  of  the  invention  as  Sept.  1887  and  the  time  of  making 
apparatus  as  about  the  time  of  filing  the  applicat ion, whioh  I  be¬ 
lieve  is  your  recollection  about  it.  Please  sign  the  statement  and 
have  Randolph  swear  you  and  send  it  back  to  us  at  once. 


*  cCo- 

7  Ol-XyO-us!^  O ^ipsjiA^S  0~^oU  c5^C-t-^^__ 

Ms~o-^-u'/-eL-  AAi  V-MJ — -,  st^  *4-4- 

<&~  aXLyX*-  (X> — vC  -m-~  'i'S'^X  j 
— sXAo^z~  csfr  sAfaX)  -•■>'<■  &-''  L*j£^ 

■  frsv^eL.  tsAA*  XXCOb^_ss^_.  aa*a*4 XA>  -4^***+^  ^-,. 

■  J&JLyu.  ^ 

i"  <7^‘3'  "’  ...  y  , 

;  ^.5d-  -  ^vv^^v. 

j  •yj^is^J-'  SL^Ct^oi^  cXt^v- V  a-<M-i-«3 


fl-u-t.t«.i5&^  ^-■^e^^-vu'i^^,A'*jj^rul 


s^XuuuAy — „ 


- - 

;  .  ^  ^^WOf./lAS-XS^  AS-^CSUA,  ^<^C>/.  .^/off:u 
•  72-<-^^i^7^k<^s e/\Jl  &0T)  . 

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|  '  &  •&•  /tf-tryo^.  ..t£4-  ...<s^2^c<-<^;1  _| 

1  ‘Zu.'ri^i*.  /*~\  (h-^rf  AyC.oMJt  K«<r^,jZ^c4-  0  c^M, 


- .  .... 



Thomas  A.Edisi _ 


N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Enolosed  herewith  we  hand  you  the  assignment  from 
Mr.  Kennelly  to  yourself  of  his  invention  in  electric  meters,  the 
patent  upon  which  was  issued  January  14-1890,  #261, 264. Please  ac¬ 
knowledge  reoeipt  and  oblige. 


<yj£w April  IT,  T890 , 

Thomas.  A.  Edison,  Esq,,  _ _  C)  ' 

Dear  Sir:  • 

Re  Feeder  Suit.  If  agreeable  to  yo 
to  take  Mr.  F.H. Betts  to  Orange  next  Tuesday  morning,  I5th  inst. , 
for  .the  purpose -of  a  conference  as  to  what  constitutes  a  Feeder. 
The  time  has  come  when  we  must  decide  clearly  just  what  we  claim 
a  Feeder  is,  and  as  the  defendants  will  introduce  testimony  in¬ 
volving  this  question,  next  week,  we  ought  to  have  a  conference 
with  you  not  later  than  Tuesday,  if  possible'. 

Will  it  be  agreeable  to  you  to  see  us  next  Tuesday 
morning  at  the  Laboratory,  and  at  what  hour? 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  an  early  reply,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 


In  working  up  the  application  on  your  prcpelling  device 
for  electric  care  etc.  in  which  chains  are  wound  on  drums  mounted 
on  the  car  axle  we  do  not  find  any  provision  fbr  reversing  the 
directi  on  of  motion  of  the  c&r.  The  draftsman  understood  from 
what  he  saw  at  the  laboratory  that  both  chains  were  wound  on  their 
respective  druns  in  the  direction  so  that  they  woid  co-oper¬ 
ate,  that  is  they  would  work  alternately, to  move  the  car  fa- ward, 
the  connecting  rods  connected  to  the  chains  being  roomaated  recip¬ 
rocated  byjoppe-s t E&Zyf  arranged  cranks  on  the  mot  a-  shaft.  If  this 
is  the  correct  view, how  would  the  car  be  reversed,  or  dddjyou  intend 
to  put  in  the  case  wilh  ait  showing  any  means  for  such  reiersal? 

Yours  truly, 

N  f  !  ~  <•  r  (v. 

'  V-  ^ 

atand  that  you  want  us  to  take  out  patents  on  your  new  mailing  box 
for  phonograms  in  England,  Germany,  France,  Belgium,  India,  Italy, 
Austria,  Queensland,  Victoria, and  New  South  Wales  .Will  you  kindly 
advise  us  whether  you  wish  us  to  proceed  with  these  matters  at 
once  and  in  advanoe  of  the  allowance  of  the  application  whi*  has 
been  filed  in  this  country, or  to  wait  until  the  base  is  allowed, 
so  that  the  foreign  patents-will  not^feot  the  U.S.  patents?  Also 
will  you  please  say  whether  we  shall  render  the  bill  for  this  mat¬ 
ter  againit  you  personally?  You  said  southing  yesterday  about 
oharging  it  to  the  Seligmana. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Vvu  «ew  York  City,  April  22nd,  1890'.  ^ 

Dear  Mr.  Edison! 

Thls  opinion  from  BottB  may  interest  you.  The 
defense  set  up  about  fifty  anticipations  and  references.  Mr. 

had  him^Tr  i  th^Sh  ^h9m  a11  and  th9n  laid 'them-  before  me.  I 
had  him  also  lay  them  before  Mr.  Betts'. 

Betts  thinks  it  will  not  pay  to  go  on  with  the 
ease  for  reasons  stated  in  this  letter. 

Very  truly  yours, 

ay  to  go  on  with  the 





,11,  Auu  r 

V-  >  A  -lev,'  Y(V1’J{,  A  ril  19th. ,1390. 



s  v  y  .  jw 

i.ajov  s.  Sat  on,  1  0 

General  Counsel;  Edison  ElocfcH.o  light  no,, 
hear  Rir:- 

?iu‘ mi  ant  to  your  ins  true  t,  ions  ,  I  have  had  an  in¬ 
terview  with  hr, . O'Reilly ,  in  ’’elation  to  the  patent  Mo,  243, 424, 

.ror  Pitt  ins  and  Eixturo  for1  Eloetric  lamps,  dated  October  13th., 1331. 

I  understand  that  the  third  Clam  only  of  said  patent 
is  involved  in  litigation. 

That  Claim  is  in  the  following  words: 

"3.  The  combination  of  a  pandent  incandescing  olectric 
"lamp  and  a  sachet  to  which  said  lamp  is  removably  attached,  with 
"an  open  flaring  reflector  supported  by  moans  attached  to  or 
"above  said  socket,  whereby  tho  downward  reflect  ion  of  the  light 
"in  uninterrupted  and  tho  Hasp  can  be  removed  and  placed  in 
"said  socket  without  disturbing- tho  position  of  said  shade  or  re¬ 
flector,  substantially  as  set  forth." 

hr.  O'Reilly.,  has  exhibited  to  me  a  number  of 
English  and  United  States  patents  which  illustrate  tho  prior 
state  of  tho  art,  from  which  it  appears  that  prior  to  tho  invent- 


folio 'W in-;  things  were  old. 

1.  A  pondont  incandescing  electric  lamp. 

2*  Open,  flaring  reflectors,  support  od  above  light -giv¬ 
ing  apparatus  of  various  hinds,  such  an  gas- jots,  lamps  tad 
oloctiic  arc  lights. 

no  far  as  appoarn,  it  was  now  with  Edison  to  arrange 
a  removable  incondoscing  lamp  below  a  reflector. 

Of  course,  it  was  not  new  to  arrange  a  removable  lamp 
of  any  kind  below  a  reflector,  ns  such  contrivance  is  to  bo  found 
in  a  groat  variety  of  forms,  in  the  arrangement  of  ronovafclo 
oil-lamps  below  a  rofloctor. 

The  question  presented  in  wliethor  thero  is  in  substance 
any  invention  in  arranging  a  removable  pendent  electric  lamp  be¬ 
low  u  reflector. 

I  am  unable  to  see  any  patentable  novelty  in  this. 

So  far  as  I  am  informed,  thero  in  no\  now  function  or  re¬ 
sult  produced  by  arranging  a  poddont  incandescing  electric  lamp  be¬ 
low  a  reflector,  as  compared' with  the  arrangement  o  f  rnajyy  other 
forms  of  light-giving  apparatus  below  reflectors. 

The  idea  of  preventing  the  casting  of  objectionable 





shadows  V/uft  not  now  v/ith  Edison  and  had  boon  referred  to  in  oov- 
oral  prior-  pntonts,  and  various  other  li<jht-{jivinc  apparatus 
hud  boon  tmv,n~ofl  for  that  purpose. 

I  mn  not  disposed  to  question  tho  patentability  of  tho 
invention  flCT  making  n'  incandescent  oloetrio-luirp  roftovablo  at 
v/ill  ft* ow  ito  socket  so  that  successive  lanpsmny  boused  in  tho 
awno  no  cl:  of, ,  but  tho  Olnim  in  question  in  lueroly  for  such  an  ar- 
ran(jomont  of  tho  lamp  whon  pendent  below  a  -flurin,~  reflector, 
and  +li  in ,  it  r.ppoafcB  tome,  did  not  roqire  invention,  because 
there  is  no  new  result  duo  to  the  joint  action  of  the  elements--, 
of  this  combination. 

Yours  truly, 

Frederic  1!.  Betts. 

1  .  X  w-C  %Lf//j 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Feeder  Case.  Mr.  Frederic  Betts,  our  Counsel, 
would  like  to  examine  Sir  William  Thompson  as  an  expert  by  sending 
over  written  interrogatories.  Do  you  approve? 

Mr.  Betts  says  he  used  Sir  William  in  an  important 
storage  battery  case,  also  in  the  duplex  telegraph  case,  and  that 
he  found  him  a  mostointelligent  and  valuable  expert. 

The  Edison  English  Company  is  suing  on  the  Feeder 
Patent.  Of  course  we  would  not  engage  Sir  William  without  first 
letting  them  know  about  it. 

Are  you  willing  that  we  should  engage  Sir  William  if 

we  can? 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  reply,  weremain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

?  C 


“  New  York  City,  April  24th,  1890, 

Dear  Ur,  Bdison: 

Re  Filament  Suit,  Defendants'  Attorneys  served  on 
me  to-day  a  notice  of  a  motion  which  will  he  heard  in  the  United 
States  Court  here  on  May  2nd,asking  the  Court  to  direct  us  to  pro¬ 
duce  you,  Mr.  Bat  eh  el  or  and^KTr  .  Upton  for  oross -examination.  This 

motion  results— from  aur'aeoi si on  not  to  oall  you  as  a  witness.  T 
send  you  word  in^eMar  that  you  may  know  what  is  going  on.  Please 
excuse  p rijnjad'si gnature . 

Very  truly  yours, 

S.  B.  Baton. 

+  p(, Oj^-rfs 

Thomas  A.  Sdiaon,  Baq, , 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

/20  {Mmtu/wcty 1  eq 


Re  Patent  Ho.  048,424,  Pendant  Lamp  and  Shade. 

In  eompllanee  with  your  request  I  send  you  herewith  the 
references  to  former  patents  designed  to  do  away  with  objectionable 
shadows  in  illuminating  devises.  You*  patent  is  dated  October 
18th,  1881,  but  I  understand  that  the  date  of  invention  was  prob¬ 
ably  August  1870.  The  Noahs*  of  your  patent  la  848,494, as  above. 

The  prior  patents  Having  the  sane  object  in  view,  were  aa 


(11  Inglish  Patent  Xo.  12,  UO,  of  1848,  to  Kwapton. 

This  patent  states  that  "the  whole  of  the  shadow  trm  the  burner 
fittings  (gas)  is  thrown  bask  upon  the  branoh  by  arranging  the 
"burner  in  a  horlsontal  position." 

(8)  Snglieh  Patent  Xo.  1808,  of  1888,  to  Vontalnesttreau. 
This  patent  describes  an  are  light  apparatus  which,  it  is  stated, 
is  "so  constructed  that  its  parts  when  suspended,  do  not  fens  any 
•shadow  beneath." 


{*)  angiiah  latent  hi*  8&ia*  *f  1 arts,  t0  oiwk  naya  that 
among  tha  advantages®*  hi.  ilfehlkH*  ipfrfritei  id  '«h«  float  balng 
••Bitted  inadownrisrd  direction,  t¥*  &¥nar  ahtt  #u, of  the 
•fex«ba  are  'pltoad  thrb*  iny  eh«aow.- 

til  %i*l'ib'h  Pitant  K6*  imt  iii  1*74,  tbHiniktbn  fir 
raWaatara  for  flaetrie  rjghta  In  mint,  and  ibliitVitt  It** 
‘n^rai^^ha^ahtt  M  ¥f  aoitablf  bUeaartfia.tiri.* 

|8!)  infellih  >ataht  8a.  «i«6,  if  ifc-ft,  tb  Brain  etya: 

^  Shrptoi^  w  aleotrto  ltap  Vatairaa  to  ba  a.  tl«pi. 

««a2f^iblo*^a  no^ainr  ahcuidbb  thrown  by  any  part  if  tha 
^*teV*S*h.  illoBintVed  fii ii  bil*#  ini  thi.  I  baliVt  to  bar* 
^»o«plf.h%a>r  ^  «»  a  U*p  whlah  will,  rh*n  pjaaad 

~%i#t,^aa*«w»  a  W«ttd  of  onobatnutaft  light,* 

fn -addition  to  tha  abort  tha  Tailoring  patent*  and  pon- 
,lia«ti.n.aa»rito.  derlHi  f*r  *  abailar  purpb aa,  althaogh  ill  or 
j^ta^ro^ajMi^oo^M*  80  the  aempad  data  af  tha  dnrontla*  mv> 
,^•**•4  ¥r  U.-s*.  -^lattarb  latent  848 , 494, 

nm  %giloh  Y#tont  «o.  8111  Of  1879  to  ta*  Mnl, 
SRtaaaaapU  #**,  la  a  leap  flattened  to  b*  appended  fro.  an  ala* 

'********  to*ttha*«or  thal  tha  ***>*00.  ar.  oUl  >0  it  thi 
.hilif  thp  tharofora-ih*  available  ouantity 

^  ^  W  «!*  *#  4|fMtiD)!»4  br  any  ehad**.- 


(7)  Snglish  Patent  No.  8801  of  1870  to  Wsrdsrmsnn ,  de¬ 
scribee  an  arrangement  of  reflectors  for  eleetrle  lights*  and  aays: 
•that  by  this  arrangement  no  dark  shadows  are  throw:  in  any  direc- 

(8)  Snglish  Patent  No.  8697  of  1870  to  Clark*  describes 
an  arrangement  of  are  limits  "so  that  no  shadow  is  east  beneath  the 
*la«fl>»  more  espec  ially  if  the  guide  0  be  fur  niched  with  a  re- 
■fleotor . * 

(0)  The  Telegraphic  Journal  for  September  18th,  1870, 
speaks  of  Heinrich's  are  light  formed  of  circular  carbons  whereby 
the  lamp  can  *be  so  constructed  that  the  mechanism  which  holds  the 
•carbons  is  placed  above  the  are,*  whereby  "the  inconvenience  and 
"I®*8  of  light  caused  by  the  shadow  of  the  mechanism  which  esists 
•in  most  other  leave,  is  thus  avoided.* 

The  engineer,  Dfsswber  8,  1879,  in  speaking  of  Hein¬ 
rich's  electric  lamp,  aays  that  among  other  objections  to  the  or¬ 
dinary  electric  lamp  is  *the  shadow  thrown  by  the  frmae-werk  of  the 
lamp  supporting  the  mechanise  which  holds  or  feeds  the  carbons,  * 
and  that  in  Heinrich' s  lamp  "the  mechanism  which  holds  and  feeds 
•the  carbons  is  plaesd  above  the  are  so  that  no  shadow  is  thrown 
•downwards,  and  there  is  eonsc«xently  no  loss  of  lipht  in  this 
*dlreetion. * 

ir  Our  %at'8  ^8  tkagvLBt.,  78*9,  aa  mentioned  at  the  ba- 
h'dttfee 'the  itfei  i&i  of  the  above  re- 
foPehoea  would  'hot  -KiSH  ha. 

•  "to  Wfreeft  ‘yotir  SiiWl  abotit  Mb  mUrt  j>ie*8e  let  m«  . 
-  may  that  T^rote^you  oh  the  ifteii  gt&iogiAg  *  copy  of  Hr. 
Mnt^oWnion  Mted-m  Mh  iniU  'H&m  iih y  he  thought 

itVould  notNbe%o?tTi  *hile  to  go  *te  ffth  M\  oh  thu  patartt. 
Of  aourse  we  desrBe'to  uphhSh  our  Ownphtehtb  go  far  ft*  pOeafble, 
•^and  I-  •t'rUft.t  ybu'wili  kiAdiy  feiva  ha  \U  fi^fit  tit  your*ugee«tW 

avor  of  'fedi-ng-on-^th  this  phtafth  aul't,  hftdr  you  have  redd 

®  binh^  *«'»«  you  copies  of  the  paieht*  ttkhtibned  tbow 
in  ,thi‘a  letter  •aB  lh^SiblBt  'oadde  they  herd  eXab.ihed  at  the  Alter 

■  “^sAwaj;,t)ine----.thei*«v.y'r'i.of  your  early  rapjy,  I  row  in. 



u >W  Ifce?  .  cLgSH 

wria  I)Ofe  fjmaa 


oriiT  riifiw«TfOf{  j -/ov  fcnojj  i  }80 



-  wo*  ri^lw^bnfiiXqmoo  nl 

sXdanoi^aDfccfo  ***fyfe*bj* 

iwo^ao  fiejeft  at  trv>iaq  «roY  .oeoivejb  sflifcsaimtrfli:  nt  BWQ 
fO-rq  oetr  n0iJn9^£o^,^4<<r$£tt  feWfefo£,nzH^^^  , 




Bo^f/ a 

DYER  &_SEELY.  (Dictated) 

N  EW  yo r k...... ...18.9.Q.*. . 

A.O.  Tate  Esq. 



Dear  Sir: - 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  26th  inst.we  would 
say  that  we  do  not  think  the  error  you  describe  in  stamping  the 
battery  Jars  will  have  any  effect  on  the  patents.  The  law  does  not 
require  that  the  name  of  the  patentee  shall  be  used  at  all  .but  the 
fact  of  patenting  and  the  date  of  the  paient  are  all  that  is  neces¬ 

sary.  Our  reoolleotion  is  however  that  your  agreement  with  Lalande 
requires  you  to  put  his  name  on  the  batteries.  While  we  see  no 
reason  why  you  should  not  send  out  the/ batteries  already  marked, we 
think  it  would  be  as  well  fo^/ you:  to  ^orreot  the  mistake  in  the  fu¬ 

I  , 

j  Yours  truly, 

I  A 

C\  V 




4~  n 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

°raTj,  vf/pp# 


i  ?• 


Dear  Slr:- 

You  will  remember  that  you  filed  an  application  on 
a  process  for  duplicating  phonograms  in  which  you  made  use  of 
your  process  of  depositing  by  an  electric  are  or  incandescence  in 
a  vacuum  to  make  a  thin  film  of  metal  on  the  wax  phonogram  which 
was  afterward  strengthened  and  then  the  wax  melted  out  leaving  the 
impression  of  the  record  on  the  interior  of  the  new  cylinder .The 
Patent  Office  thinks  that  this  process  is  inoperative  because  the 
heat  of  the  vapor  deposited  on  the  wax  would  melt  the  wax  and  de¬ 
stroy  the  record.  My  understanding  of  this  matter  has  been  that 
the  process  is  accompanied  by  little  or  no  heat.  Willyou  please 
let  me  know  whether  this  is  so  or  not?  I  understand  that  you  have 
practically  carried  out  the  process  and  in  fact  you  furnished  us 
a  cylinder  which  had  the  metal  deposit  and  apparently  had  the 
record  uninjured  ,but  the  Examiner  is  not  satisfied  with  this  and 
if  I  could  show  him  that  there  is  no  heat  that  would  settle  the  / 
question.  ^ 

p,n  c  c.a.-c.. 

. J  - 

v.  0  ,  „  *  r. 

i  \JhC  (A  C 




(Dictat ed) 

y  A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Orange , 


Dear  Sir:  - 

We  enclose  herewith  an  assignment  of  Patents  #425,761 
and  #425,762  issued  April  15,  1890.  Kindly  have  Mr. Edison  execute 
this  assignment  and  have  some  one  witness  it, and  return  the  same^T 
We  also  enclose  a  copy  of  each  of  these  two  patents; 
also  copies  of  two  other  patents  issued  on  the  same  day.which  we  " 
though  Mr. Edison  might  wish  to  see. 

id./-  -  /or'itsL 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Feeder  Case.  Please  find  enclosed  the  cross 
examination  of  Pope  dovm  to  date.  Mr,  Betts  feels  that  he 
greatly  benefited  if  you  would  run  over  it  and  make  any  suggestions 
for  further  oross  examination.  Betts  thinks  that  Popejs  ad-  - 
missions  help  us.  Jenks  thinks  that  the  defense  is  going  to  claim 
that  an  alternating  system  does  not  need  Feeders,  and  that  the 
necessity  for  Feeders  existing  in  the  oase  of  a  low  pressure  sys¬ 
tem,  does  not  apply  to  a  high  pressure  system. 

Kindly  send  back  the  enclosed  so  that  1  shall 
get  it  on  Monday  without  fail. 

Hoping  you  will  take  the  time  to  {Look  over  the 
enclosure  and  make  notes  thereon,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours 

tff-  '  -cy/pn 





Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Reeder  Case,  , The  record  of  Pope's  cross, 
was  received  from  you  this  mroning.  I  note  that  you  Yfent  over  it 
very  carefully,  and  must  have  spent  a  good  deal  of  tine.'  I 
shall  send  it  at  once  to  Mr.  Betts.  We  are  under  great  obliga¬ 
tions  to  you  for  giving  the  matter  such  pranpt  and  careful  atten- 
t  ion. 


-  fm  h*' 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Dear  Sir:- 


— JtasLiaihjaaa* / 


In  your  application  No.  819  the  Allowing  claims  stand 
rejected  by  the  Office. 

"1*  A  steP  for  a  Phonograph  motor  composed  of  a  rough 
"jewel  cemented  upon  a  suitable  support  and  having  its 

"upper  face  ground  smooth,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

"2.  A  step  for  a  phonograph  motor  consisting  of  an  ad¬ 
justable  base  or  block  having  a  cup  in  its  upper  end  and 
a  rough  jewel  embedded  in  a  body  or  cement  in  said  cup 
"and  ground  flat  on  its  projecting  face,  substantially  as 
"set  forth. 

"3,  The  combination  with  a  phonograph  and  a  motor  with 
"the  vertical  shaft  for  driving  the  same,  of  a  bearing 
"for  the  motor  shaft  conposed  of  a  rough  jewel  of  sapphire 
"cemented  upon  a  suitable  support  and  having  its  upper 
"face  ground  smooth,  substantially  as  Bet  forth. 

"4.  The  combination  with  the  shaft  of  a  step  or  bearing 
"therefor  consisting  of  a  support  having  a  cavity  in  its 
"end,  a  jewel  of  sapphire  having  an  irregular  surface  ex¬ 
cept  on  its  outer  face  said  face  being  smooth,  and  a 
"binding  material  in  the  cavity  around  the  irregular  sur- 

T.  A.  8.  (2). 

"face  of  the  jewel,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

We  desire  to  know  whether  you  consider  these  claims  of  suf¬ 
ficient  importance  to  warrant  an  appeal  to  the  Board  of  Examine] 
in-Chief.  The  chances  of  getting  the  claims,  at  least  fee  last 
feree  claims,  are  believed  to  bo  ^uite  good,  although  of  course 
it  is  not  certain  that  we  could  get1  them. 

Very  respectfully. 

/«y  /  '^o 

.  dyer  &  seely.  (Dictated) 

A.O.  Tate  Esq. 


N.  J . 

Dear  Sir:- 


Your  letter  of  the  8th  inst. enclosing  a  copy  of  a 
letter  from  Mr.Welle  containing  some  questions  pertaining  to  the 
patent 8  for  toy  phonograph  was  duly  received.  We  will  take  up  the 
questions  in  Mr.Wells  letter  in  the  order  in  which  he  proposes 
them, as  follows: 

(1)  We  do  not  understand  that  you. wish  us  to  answer 
this  question, which  does  not  relate  to  the  patents. 

(8)  The  date  of  the  English  patent  of  Jaoques, De¬ 
cember  17th, is  the  date  when  the  application  was  filed.  It  was 
therefore  later  than  the  Edison  application  of  December  10th. 

(3)  Mr. Edison' 8  application  in  Germany  Marth 


(4)  We  understand  this  question  to  refer  to  the  U.s 
patents  of  Jacques, No. 383299  and  400,851.  We  do  not  think  these 
patents  are  broad  enough  to  prevent  Jacques  from  making  any  kind 
of  phonograph  dolls.  The  broad  idea  of  putting  a  phonograph  in  a 
doll  is  at  least  as  old  as  1878  and  there  can  be  no  patent  broader 
for  this  combination.  The  two  Jacques  patents  are  for  certain 
features  of  construction  and  unless  dolls  are  made  which  embody  the 

particular  combinations  claimed  in  the  patents  they -will  not  in¬ 
fringe  the  patents.  If  this  question  refer?  to  the  foreign  patents 
of  Jacques  we  are  unable  to  answer  it  for  we  have  never  seen  these 
patents.  Assuming  however  what  is  probably  the  case, that  the  for¬ 
eign  patents  are  similar  to  the  U.S. patents  of  course  the  same 
answer  will  be  made  with  reference  to  them. 

(5)  We  cannot  say  at  present  as  to  the  Qerman  ap¬ 
plication  of  Jacques.  If  a  patent  ha#  been  issued  in  Germany  we 
could  find  out  about  it  from  our  European  Agents  if  you  wish  us  to 
do  so.  If  the  application  is  still  pending  in  Germany  there  is  no 
way  of  finding  out  about  it  unless  you  can  get  the  information  from 
Mr. Jacques  or  from  the  attorney  or  agent  through  whom  the  applica¬ 
tion  was  fiild.  Our  impression  is  that  Mr. Jacques  took. out  his 
V.Sipatents  through  Mr. Joseph  Lyons, #1003  F. Street, Washington, D.C. 
If  Mr.  Lyons  obtained  the  foreign  patents  and  if  the  Toy  Phono¬ 
graph  Go.  Is  entitled  to  ask  him  for  information  about  them, no 
doubt  it  can  be  obtained  in  that  way. 

A.'  0.  Tate,  Esq,, 


Orange,  N.  J.  ' 

We  beg  to  advise  you  that  the  annual  tax  alf'Mr.  Edison's 
English  patent  No.  7tf§2  and  7584  of  1885  will  be  due  the  early 

:,Kindly  let  us  know  at  once  whether  you  desire  to.hav*'thi 
18  paid.  These  two  patents  are  on  the  phontJplex  system. 

Yours  very  truly,  ^ 

dyer  &  seely.  (Dictated) 

My  dear  Mr.  -Edison: 

new  York— — May.XZ, . 1890- 

X  enclose  a  copy  of  a  draft  for  a  Bill  cover- 
ins  the  preliminary  injunction  question.  Ypu  will  see  that  I  have 
preceded  our  point  by  a  provision  limiting  suits  in  the  first  in¬ 
stance  to  the  manufacturer  or  seller.  It  may  not  be  necessary  to 
do  this, but  this  is  the  thing  which  the  Grangers  have  been  advocat¬ 
ing  for  a  number  of  year8/and  in  any  bill  providing  for  extending 
the^prelftniniry  injunction  it  would  seem  that  the  Granger  notion 
should  be  included.  I  return  the  copy  of  the  article  entitled 
"A  Heeded  Reforn  in  our  Patent  System."  On  reflection  I  have  con¬ 
cluded  that  the  treatment  of  the  subject  which  you  suggested  yester- 
day  by  a  recitation  of  the  hallowing  and  eloquent  details  would 
lower  the  dignity  of  the  paper  without  making  it  more  interesting 
and  would  not  be  the  sort  of  thing  which  should  come  from  you.  You 
should  treat  the  subject  comprehensively. The  people  whom  yoU  Want' 
to  interest  on  influence  will  supply  the  &&&  The  hero  is  ex¬ 
pected  to  be  modest  in  the  recital  of  his  exploits.  While  this  is 
my  judgment  about  the  article  I  would  of  course  be  glad  to  d6  .rhat 
I  can  for  you  if  you  still  adhere  to  your  Views  expressed  yester¬ 



We  think  our  patent  system  is  the  most  oanplete 
and  perfect  that  exists.  Here  there  is  supposed  to  be 
the  fullest  recognition  of  that  speoies  of  property  which 
is  the  pure  creation  of  the  intellect.  Our  Courts  have 
been  called  upon  more  frequently  than  those  of  other 
countries  to  enforce  the  rights  which  may  exist  in  prop¬ 
erty  of  this  oharaot er7 and  our  judicial  literature  upon 
this  subject  is  voluminous  and  comprehensive.  Yet  the 
system  is  coupled  with  an  injustice  which  well  nigh  robs 
it  of  its  entire  value  and  which  is  rapidly  bringing  it 
into  discredit  with  the  business  oomnunity. 

Enterp rises  based  upon  patents  attract  the  public 
attention,  especially  if  they  deal  with  something  which 
enters  into  our  daily  lives.  They  exoite  the  imagina¬ 
tion  until  the  most  extravagnnt  estimates  of  their  money- 
earning  value  are  readily  credited.  Generally,  however, 
such  enterprises  emerge  from  a  period  of  prolonged  ges¬ 
tation  saddled  with  a  large  investment  for  experimental 
work,  which,,  from  a  business  point  df  view,  is  only  war- 
I  ranted  by  the  advantages  arising  from  a  monopoly  extend- 
.  ing  for  a  United  time  and  capable  of  being  established 
before  a  ocmpetition  not  hampered  byexperimental  outlay 
is  introduced. 

Ab  soon  as  the  value  of  an  invention  has  been  es¬ 
tablished  or  is  conceded  by  public  opinion,  unscrupulous 
persons,  seeing  the  opportunity  which  oredulity  offers 


[enclosure,  essay  by  richaro  n.  dyer?] 

seek  the  enlistment  of  capital  in  of  the 

patented  enterprise,  usually  trusting  in  their  ability 
to  make  the  business  profitless  to  the  originators  by 
the  cutting  of  prices  and  to  eventually  oonpol  a  oomprom 
ise  and  a  division  of  the  business;  or  looking  no  fur¬ 
ther  than  the  immediate  profit  thoy  derive  from  the  sale 
of  stoak.  In  the  latter  oase  tho  opposition  scheme 
reaches  the  seme  position  as  in  tho/&£T case,  although 
perhaps  not  as  quickly,  since  those  who  find  themselves 
left  with  such  an  organization  on  their  hands  by  the  gam¬ 
blers  whose  purpose  it  ha3  served,  are  forced,  however 
repugnant  to  their  consciences,  to  take  the  only  course 
which  offers  hope  for  the  recovery  of  their  money,  i.  „. 
the  coercion  of  the  inventor  and  those  interested  with 
him.  They  must  force  themselves  into  the  fold  without 
destroying  the  inclosura  which  may  be  used  to  keep  other 
wolves  out.  Their  purpose  is  not  to  break  down  an  un-  . 
lawful  monopoly.  That  would  have  in  it  an  element  of 
unselfishness / since  suooess  in  such  an  undertaking  would 
result  in  giving  tho  entire  public  the  same  right  to  man¬ 
ufacture  and  sell. the  patented  article.  The  monopoly 
must  be  maintained  for  thoir  benefit,  but  they  must  be 
P^^tte^iro^are  in  the  profits.  Tim  Infilngaro  CliinJi- 

itci'/d  tho  u  air  a  a  nvuuL^be  maintained,  even  if  the  property 
is  demolished  beyond  the  possibility  of  profitable  div- 


consistent  in  a  cause^equally  praiseworthy,  but  u am ni-mt 

3^aii.n,7nn-&Ui»<.f1.  nr  ,.  r'j-lug-lu  0LU  n 

"I  am  in  blood 

"Ste^d  in  so  far  that,  should  1  wade  no  more, 

"Returning  were  as  tedious  as  go  o'er." 

Our  patent  law,  or  the  practice  whioh  the  Court s 
have  established  under  it,  gives  the  unscrupulous  infrin¬ 
ger  the  opportunity  which  ho  seeks. 

It  is  right  here  that  our  system  develops  a  vital 
weakness.  The  inventor  may  and  generally  does  bring 
suit  at  once  upon  hi3  patent,  asking  among  other  things 
that  the  infringer  bo  enjoined  or  restrained  from  making 
selling  or  using  the  patented  article.  The  infringer 
expects  this  and  provides  the  "sinews  of  war"  for  carry¬ 
ing  on  the  litigation.  That  and  the  ruinous  cutting  #f 
Prices  are  the  leaven  of  his  scheme.  He  has  the  bene¬ 
fit  of  the  law's  delay.  it  is  only  at  the  end  of  a  ! 

litigation  which  may  be  prolonged  for  years,  or  until  the  : 
maneuvers  and  excuses  of  ingenious  counsel 'are  exhaust  e^i 
that  an  injunction  will  be  issued  stopping  his  commercial 

The  fact  that  the  invention  has  been  found  t  o  be 
new  and  useful  by  the  Government  and  that  the  patent  has 
been  granted  after  a  rigid  examination, avails  nothing; 
the  facts  that  the  inventor  has  not  only  created  the 
article  but  also  the  demand  for  it,  that  to  tos  expended  j 
time  find  money  in  its  development,  that  to  lias  made  the  ■  ! 

necessary  investment  for  its  proper  manufacture  and  sale*  j 



that  he  is  in  position  to  supply  the  demand,  and  that 
the  infringer  is  without  a  shadow  of  right  in  the  prem¬ 
ises,  may  aU  be  a tovm,  and  yet  the  inventor  is  without 
summary  remedy. 

Preliminary  injunction?  stopping  the  infringer  at 
the  beginning  of  the  suit,  are  only  granted  when  the  pat¬ 
ent  has  passed  through  this  trial  by  firo  end  been  de- 


olaredAby  the  Courts,  or  if  it  lias  been  long  recognized 
as  valid  by  the  particular  trade,  or  when  by  reason  of 
the  relations  of  the  parties  t o the  suit  the  infringer  is 
not  allowed  by  the  Court  t  o  question  the  validity  of  the 
patent,  as  when  he  was  the  patentee  and  sold  the  patent 
to  the  parties  bringing  the  suit,  or  when  lie  was  defeated 
in  an  interference  contest  in  the  Patent  Office,  where 
he  and  the  patentee  were  claiming  the  same  invention, 
and  the  Commissioner  of  Patents  decided  that  the  j 
and  not  he  was  the  first  and  true  inventor.  These  and 
sane  others  of  similar  character  are  special  oases  which  ! 
form  exceptions  to  the  general  rule  that  a  preliminary 
injunction  will  only  be  grante d  provided  the  patent  has 
already  been  sustained  by  the  Courts.  They  do  not  in¬ 
clude  the  case  or  the  bold  invader  of  the  patented  enter  | 
Pi;s'e  who  has  no  right  at  all  upon  which  to  justify  the 
invasion.  His  would  seem  to  be  a  case  presenting  the 
least  claim  for  consideration  by  the  Courts,  and  yet  if  , 
he  has  taken  care  not  to  bocar.o  involved  in'contract  or.  | 
similar  relations  with  the  inventor,  a  showing  of  the 
most  extreme  hardship  on  the  part  of  the  inventor  and 



the  rao3t  unw arrant  eel  infringement  will  not  be  permitted 
by  the  Courts  to  take  fran  the  infringer  the  precious 
privileges  of  trying  to  drive  the  invontor  to  the  wall 
by  competition  and  of  prolonging  the  litigation  to  give 
sufficient  time  to  make  the  coercion  effective.  If 
this  opportu  ity  wore  ;ut  off  by  the  granting  of  prelim-  ; 
inary  injunctions,  tho  occupation  of  the  speculating 
Infringer  would  be  gone.. 

The  theory  of  the  moral  and  criminal  law  that  "better  ! 
a  hundred  guilty  men  esoapo  than  that  one  innocent  nan 
be  convicted"  as  allied  to  patents  is  made  to  read  that 
"better  a  hundred  patentees  be  ruined  than  that  one 
infringer  who  has  a  good  defense  atomg'ilk  b /g^ey^cf^whi  1  e 
he  is  establishing  it".  The  legal  presumption  is  sup¬ 
posed  to  be  in  favor  of  tho  validity  of  a  patent  as  it  j 
is  in  favor  of  the  innooence  of  a  criminal  and  yet  if. 
the  pres  unlit  ion  were  equally  efficacious  for  the  crimin¬ 
al  as  it  is  for  a  patont^he  would  be  hung  (or  electrocut¬ 
ed)  without  evidence  of  guilt  unless  he  was  able  to  es¬ 
tablish  his  innocence  by  affirmative  proof. 

It  iB  one  of  the  distinctive  features  of  our  patent 


system  applications  for  IBw  intents  are  subjected  to 
a  rigid  examination  by  Government  officials  whose  duty  it 
is  to  see  that  no  patents  are  Issued  except  such  as  are 
for  new  and  useful  inventions  and  such  as  are  in  the  form 
wlii oh  the  Courts  have  approved  as  valid.  For  thie  .  ser¬ 
vice  our  Government  has  collected  fran  invent ors^^c 
dollars,  and  the  Patent  Rind  to-day 



shows  a  balance  of  p-iss  dollars, 

after  rayine  all  exponses  of  ruining  the  Patent  Office, 
including  the  cost  of  the  department  building  which  has 
always  been  used  largely  by  other  branches  of  the  Govern¬ 

Our  patents  are  supposed  to  be  ] rima  facie  valid, 
--teat  is,  the  legal  presunjtion  is  in  favor  of  their  valid*: 
-  *ty  ahd  the  burden  of  proof  is  upon  the  person  who  tries 
to  show  that  they  are  invalid;  but  in  tills  respect  , 
notwithstanding  our  rigid  patent  Offic-texaminatians, 
our  patents  are  treated  with  no  more  consideration  by 
our  Courts  than  are  English  patents  by  English  Courts, 
although  English  patents  are  granted  without  examination. 

The  practise  of  refusing  to  grant  preliminary 
injunction  on  patents  not  already  litigated  and  sustain- 
ed  may  bo  n^ssary  or  desirable  for  English  patents, 
and  it  may  be  found  that  the  practice  of  our  Courts  in  . 
this  respect  was  originally  established  by  a  too  slavish 
following  of  the  decisions  of  the  English  courtBj  but 
it  would  seem  that  our  Patent  Offioe  examination  could 
logically  be  made  to  take  the  place  for  our  patents  that 
the  first  trial  by  an  English  Court  takes  for  an ^hglish 

The  remedy  for  the  condition  of  af fai rs  I  have 
pointed  out  would  seem  to  be  a  simple  one.  The  bald 
infringer  who  enters  the  field  without  foundation  of 
right  after  the  inventor  has  put  the  invention  into  prac¬ 
tical  shape  and  introduced  it  tip  on  the  market,  should  be  ; 


enjoined  at  the  caranenoement  of  the  suit,  and  prevented 
from  o ont inuing  his  oonpetition  while  the  litigation  is 
in  progress,  unless  indeed,  he  is  able  to  show  a  good 
defense  such  as  would  at  tho  present  tine*  deter  the  Couit; 
from  granting  a  preliminary  injunction  in  the  ease  of  a  ' 
patent  which  has  already  been  litigated  and  sustained.  j 
Suoh  a  remedy  should,  of  a  aurse,  ue  uoupled  with  ; 

fr>.  /‘L*  — /CL'  .  | 

the  obligation^ o  bring  suit  within  a  definite  time  after  | 

stZ\.  c* 

the  infringement  begins,  and  subjoot  to  the  power  of  tho 
Oourt  to  remove  the  injunction,  if,  duo  to  the  fault  of 
the  inventor,  the  ease  i3  not  brought  into  condition  for  I 
argument  and  deoision  within  a  reasonablo  time. 

'i'his  olmnge  in  the  law,  or  the  praotioe  under  it, 
would  in  most  eases  of  meritorious  inventions  be  a  safe  j 
guard  against  thoy^haractor  of  (ini qlt oust  sreoulation 
which  is  rapidly  undermining  the  value  of  our  patent  •'  j 
system,  and  causing  reputable  capitalists  to  shun  enter-  i 
prises  based  upon  patented  inventions.  i 


m  L  O  A 

?  -C‘ 

- \ 


'« '.A&r'Mr/s  ff  'W,y> 

rf-fr-  J#Zr.  $Uy  ^  ‘ 


£.  ,4  (  J~r 

x~*  ft  A  r  ~  - 

.  -  /y'juu^j  /*-  $ 

.  , .  ...  ^ 

He  Patent  248,424,  Pendant  lamp  and  Shade.  Your  letter 
of  the  1st  Inst,  in  reference  to  this  matter  was  submitted  by  me  to 
Mr.  Betts,  with  a  request  that  he  consider  the  matter  further  in 
the  light  of  the  possible  effect  of  the  suggestion  contained  in 
your  said  letter  of  the  1st  inst.  in  enabling  us  to  sustain  our 
patent.  His  views  upon  the  subject  are  embodied  in  his  letter  of 
the  10th  inst.,  a  copy  of  which  I  send  you  herewith. 

Hoping  you  will  give  me  the  benefit  of  any  further  sug¬ 
gestions  that  may  occur  to  you  in  this  regard,  I  remain, 


S.  8.  Eaton,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:- 

New  York,  May  10,  1890. 

In  answer  to  your  letter  of  May  6th,  in  the 
matter  of  the  Edison  patent,  No.  248,424,  for  Pendant  Lamp, and 
Shade,  I  bee  to  say  that  I  have  examined  the  copies  of  the  cor¬ 
respondence  between  yourself  and  Mr.  Edison,  in  relation  to  this 
patent,  since  my  opinion  of  the  19th  ult. 

I  concur  entirely  with  Mr.  Edison’s  statement  that  a  gas- 
jet  does  not,  in  the  sense  of  his  patent,  burn  downward,  and  is 
not,  in  the  sense  of  his  patent,  a  pendant  lamp. 

I  had  already  considered  the  position  that  it  might  be 
said  that  nothing  but  an  incandescent  lamp  would  throw  the  whole  of 
its  light  below  the  mechanism. 

One  of  the  references  shown  me  by  Mr.  O'Reilly,  however, 
delineated  and  described  an  arc-lamp,  with  two  parallel  carbons 
projecting  from  above,  the  light  being  emitted  between  the  two 
points  which  were  located  at  the  lowest  part  of  the  structure. 

Another  patent  showed  an  incandescing  lamp  arranged  in  a 
pendant  position  exactly  as  shown  in  the  Edison  patent.  This 
lamp,  however,  did  not  have  a  reflector  above  the  light,  and  there 
was  a  protecting  frame  which  would  have  cast  a  shadow  below  the 

globe • 


It  v/as,  hov^ever,  a  pendant  incandescing  light. 

My  difficulty  is  that,  in  view  of  the  fact  that  a, pendant 
incandescing  electric  lamp  was  old,  and  also  that  reflectors,  sub¬ 
stantially  of  the  kind  described  in  the  Edison  patent,  had  been 
used  with  other  kinds  of  light-giving  apparatus,  for  the  purpose  of 
throwing  the  light  dovmwards,  that  there  did  not  appear  to  be  any 
new  result  due  to  the  joint  action  of  these  tv/o  old  elements. 

If  a  pendant  incandescing  electric  lamp  had  been  nev/  with 
Mr.  Edison,  and  described  for  the  first  time  in  the  said  patent 
No.  248,424,  there  Yfould  then  have  been  some  chance  of  sustaining 
the  claim. 

Yours  Truly, 

Frederic  H.  Betts. 


,y}fc/M  .fyvr/y. 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

_  1  b0S  *0  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  valued 

favor  of  yesterday  containing  draft  for  proposed  bill  touching 
anJUle!ie?e+!n  suits>  Congress  is  notoriously  opposed  to 

t  e°it  rr19  to  patents,  but  the  beauty  of  Jour  draJt 

7°  „  a*  1  is  in  a  certaln  sense  favorable  to  patents  it  is 

in  a  much  larger  sense  favorable  to  the  public.  Eor  that  reason 
it  ought  to  suit  the  Granger  element,  as  you  say. 
ma.  .  JMr’  Batt8  is  the  best  man  I  know  of  to  talk  this 

?  shall  see^him^about^it^8  *  1133  th8  lal’geSt  0XP9I*ien08’  -d 

—  i\v  ™”«  £■  * 

B«uieh  ob  ?  made  °Ut  WhlCh  is  dev°ted  exclusively  to  the  uVs. 
Supreme  Court,  and  I  am  told  that  the  name  of  Mr.  netts  heads  that 

ofSthe  U°s  o?-*  ^lu^ston  is  dead*  hls  name  probably  heads  the  list 

s  sena  - bask  «- 

Very  truly  yours, 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  SirJ- 

We  inclose,  for  your  signature,  an  ab ai cb nm entjoT^ouT' 
old  application  on  fee  sapphire  turning-off  tool,  in  view  of  fee 
f*t  that  the  new  application  executed  by  you  last  week  embraces 
hot  only  a  sapphire  recorder  but  also  a  sapphire  tuming-off  tool; 
and  feis  application  is  abandoned  in  order  th*  to  may  get  allow-  i 
ance  of  the  later  implication. 

Very  respectfully, 




Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq'., 

Dear  Sirs 

Re  Meter  Suit.  Will  you  kindly  construct  a  meter 
according  to  your  patent,  as  discussed  between  you  and  Mr.  Clarke, 
for  use  in  this  suit,  charging  it  to  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Com¬ 

X  shall  ask  President  Herrick  to  approve  this  order 
at  the  bottom  hereof. 

Very  truly  yours, 

General  Counsel'. 




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Henry  Villard,  Esq., 

New  York. City,  June  10th,  1890.. 

Dear. Sir:  — 

Re  Patent  Arbitration.  I  beg  to  submit  the  following  com¬ 
ments  on  Mr.  Edison's  objections  to  the  proposed  agreement  with  the 
Thomson-Houston  Company,  copy  of  the  said  agreement  being  annexed 

[1]  Mr.  Edison. says. that  as  regards  incandescent  lighting, 
the  Thomson-Houston  Co.' infringe  perhaps  fifty  of  our  patents,  while  we 
infringe  none  of  theirs,  and  that  for  this  reason  they  add  largely  to  ■ 
their  own  strength  by  securing  licenses  from  us,  and  we  get  no  licenses 
in  return.' 

Whether  in  fact  they  have  incandescent  patents  which  we  in¬ 
fringe  we  cannot  tell  until  we  get  their  list  of  patents.  Doubtless  the 
number  which  we  infringe  will  be  but  few,  if  any.-  On  the  other  hand 
it  is  true  that  they  infringe  a  very  large  number  of  our  incandescent 
patents,  including  central,  station  patents. 

Is  it  better  for  us  to  grant  licenses  and  take  the  royalties 
the  arbitrators  might  give  us,  or  to  wait  for'  the  final  action  of  the 
Courts?  My  own  judgment  is  that  as  regards  damages  for  past  infringe¬ 
ment,  we  had  better  except  the  arbitration  and  take  the  royalties  awarded, 
but  as  regards  granting  licenses,  that  is  a  question  of  broad  business 
policy  for  you  and  the  Board,  to  consider. 

[2] .  Mr.  Edison’s  reasons  against  granting  licenses  for  the 
future  use  of  our  incandescent  patents  which  the  Thomson-Houston  Co:, 

now  infringe,  are  strong.  The  proposed  plan  is  for  us  to  grant  licenses 
on  royalties  to  be  fixed  by  the  arbitrators,  on  all  now  existing  patents 
which  their  standard  plants  of  to-day  infringe,  and  as  regards  patents 
hereafter  granted  on  applications  now  pending,  we  are  to  grant  licenses 
only  in  case  those  future  patents  are  infringed  by  their  standard  plants 
of  to-day.  Mr.  Edison  states  that  in  a  million  dollar  station,  the  total 
profit  would  be  $200, .000.  In  this  million  dollar  expenditure,  he  says 

that  the  apparatus  covered  by  patents  would  not  cost  more  than  $70,000., 
the  profit  on  which  would  be  perhaps  $14,000.,  and  if  the  arbitrators 
allowed  us  even  one-half  of  the  profit  as  a  royalty,  we  would  get  only 
$7,000.  Thus,  Mr.  Edison  says,  we  create  a  competitor  for  this  million 
dollars  worth -of  business,  and  allow  him  to  make  profits  on  machinery 
and  stock,  in  competition  with  ourselves,  for  the  trifling  sum  of  $7,000. 

There  is  great  force  in  what  Mr.  Edison  says,  and  .1  suggest 
that  if  licenses  for  future  use  are  to  be  granted,  a  provision  be  inserted 
in  the  agreement  to  the  effect  that  the  arbitrators  shall  award  us  a 
percentage  of  royalty  on  the  total  price  paid  by  the  customer  for  the 
entire  plant,  to  fairly  compensate  us  for  creating  a  rival  whom  we  claim 
we  could  at  law  suppress.  But  would  the  Thomson-Houston  Go.  consent 
to  inserting  such  a  provision?  If  not,  shall  we  refuse  to  arbitrate 
at  all?  ' 



4  ,  C3]  Mr-  Edison  asks  whether  the  Siemens  patents  are  to  be 

included,  also  the  Stieringer  and  Dyer  patents,  also  the  Zipernowski 
and  Phillips  patents  on  wire  covering,  and  the  various  manufacturing 
patents  outside  of  electric  lighting. 

My  answer  tft  this  question  is  that  it  is  intended  to  cover  all' 
of  the  patents  belonging  to  the  Light  Co.,  the  General  Co.,  the  Sprague 
Co,  and  the  Shops,  that  is  to  say,  the  entire  group  of  Edison  companies. 
The  contract  attached  hereto,  is  made  with  the  Light  Co.  alone,  but 
it  is  intended  to  make  similar  contracts  with  the  Sprague  Co.,  the 
General  Co.,  4o.,  to  the  end' that  the  entire  list  of  patents,  including 
Edison,  Sprague,  and  all  others,  shall  be  included  so  far  as  we  have  the 
power'  include  them.  * 

[4]  Mr.  Edison  inquires  whether  the  proposed  arbitration 
agreement  will  include  his  future  inventions  covered  by  his  proposed  new 
contract  with  the  General  Co. 

My  answer  to  that  it  will  not.  The  scope  of  the  arbitration 
agreement  is  limited,  first,  to  the  patents  which  we  own  or  control 
to-day,  and  second,  to  certain  applications  for  patents  which'  are  pending 
to-day  in  the  Patent  Office.  The  agreement  does  not  cover  all  of  our 
said  pending  applications  of  to-day.  It  covers . only  those  certain  ones 
which  find  their  counterpart  in  the  actual  standard  apparatus  of  the 
Thomson-Houston  Company  as  it  exists  to-day.  For  instance,  all  lamp 
patents  which  we  own  to-day  are  included  in  the  above  agreement;  all 
lamp  inventions  set  forth  in  our  pending  applications  to-day  in  the 
Patent  Office  are  included  also,  provided  they  are  actually  infringed 
by  the  Thomson-Houston  lamp  of  to-day;  but  all  pending  applications  which 
embody  new  features,  which  constitute  a  new  departure,  which  show  some¬ 
thing  not  found  in  the  Thomson-Houston  lamp  of  to-day,  are  not  included. 

To  repeat,  any  and  all  inventions  which  Mr.  .Edison  makes  in 
the  future,  are  not  included  in  the  arbitration  agreement,  but,  on 
the  other  hand,  we.  shall  have  the  right  to  proceed  against  the  Thomson- 
Houston  Company  touching  those  inventions,  the  same  as  if  the  arbitra¬ 
tion  agreements  were  never  made.- 

[5]  Mr.  Edison. asks  whether  the  arbitration  agreement  in¬ 
cludes  the  patents  of  the  various  companies  controlled  by  the  Thomson-' 
Houston  Company,  such  as  the  Port  Wayne  Jenny,  the  Vanderpoel,  the 
Brush,  the  Welding  Co.,  & o. 

My  answer  . is  that,  the  agreement  is  to  include' all  of  their 
electric  light,  electric  railway  and  power  companies,  excepting  the 
Brush,  which  Company  the  Thoms.on-Houston  people  do  not  yet  control.  They 
say  that  they  have  not  yet  paid  for  the  stock  of  the  Brush  Co.,  -  but 
that  when  they  do,  and  get  control,  the  Brush  Co.  shall  be  included 
in  the  arbitration  agreement, .if  we  wish. 

[3]  Mr.  Edison  asks  whether  the  contract  requires  us  to 
show  our  secret  process  on  lamps,  for  the  purpose  of  allowing  the 
Thomson-Houston  Company  to  decide  whether  we  infringe  their  patents  in 
that  regard. 

My  answer  is  that  it  does,  but  I  can  easily  have  the  contract 

changed.  Indeed,  I  undertake  to  dispose  . of  this  point  to  Mr .  .Edieon'.s 
satisfaction,  by  consent  of  the  other  side. 

■t7]  Mr.  Edison. asks  how  the  agreement  will  affect  our 
licensee  local  companies,  and  how  it  will  affect  those  of  the  Thomson- 
Houston  Company. 

My  answer  is  that  as  regards  .our  local  companies  they  are  not 
bound  by  the  agreement.  ,  V/e  have  no  power  to  bind  them.  .They  can 
accept  the  benefits  of ,  the  agreement  if  they  wish,  but  we  cannot  compel- 
them  to.  The  agreement  recognizes  our  duties  to  our  licensee  companies, 
and  leaves  us  free  to  perform  those  duties  to  the  extent  of  our  legal 

.As. regards  licensees  of  the  Thomson-Houston  Company,  I  have 
been  furnished  with  a  list  of  them.  .It  appears  that  as  a  rule  the 
Thomson-Houston  Company  have  sold  no  territorial  rights,  but  have  done 
business  a  good  deal  as  the  Sprague  Company  has  done,  viz:  Granting  mere 
ly  the  right  or  license  to  use  specific  machinery  an^ apparatus.  Thus 
the  Thomson-Houston  Company  are  at  a  great  disadvantage  as  compared  to 
ourselves,,  touching  licensees,  for  it  has  been  our  rule  to  sell  territory, 
and  theirs  not  to,  and  as  regards  territory  we  have  parted  with,  the 
arbitration  is  not  binding. 

CS3  Mr.  Edison  asks  whether  the  other  party  is  so  tightly 
tied  up  by  the  agreement  that  it  can  be  made  to  abide  by  it  and  by  the 
decision  of  the  arbitrators,  even  if  said  other  party  wishes  to  evade. 

.My  . answer  is  that  before  the  agreement  is  executed,  amendments 
will  be  made  which  will  tie  up  both  parties  absolutely.-  The  law  on  that 
point  is  now  being  examined,  and  after  we  finally  decide  just  what  amend¬ 
ments-  v/e  require  in  this  regard,  they  will  be  submitted  to  the  highest 
legal  authority  for  revision. 

[9]  As  regards  the  personnel  of ; the  arbitrators,  we  now 
propose  to  have  all  three  of  them  agreed  upon  in  advance.  .Two. have 
been  already  suggested,  Mr.. Beaman  by  us,  and  Mr. .Russell,  the  leader  of 
the  Boston  Bar,  by  the  other  party.  .1  .do  not  think  that  we  can  agree 
upon  the  third  arbitrator.  .If  we  cannot,  each  side  will  write  down 
three  names,  and  from  those  six  names  Messrs.  Beaman  and  Russell,  if 
they  be  accepted  as  arbitrators,  will  select  the  third  arbitrator. 

It  is  intended  that  all  the  three  arbitrators  shall  be  men 

of  the  highest  character.  Moreover,  Mr.  Beaman  is  not  to  be  considered 

as  our  man,  nor  Mr.  Russell  as  theirs,  but  each  arbitrator  is  to  be.  held 

in  honor  to  be  strictly  neutral. ■  Indeed  it  is  proposed  that  no  con¬ 
ference  shall  be  allowed  between  an  arbitrator  and  one  party  to  the  I 

contract,  except  in  the  presence  of  the  other  party.  The  exceptionally  I 

high  standing  of  Mr.. Beaman  and  Mr.  Russell  constitute  a  guarantee.  \ 

Pursuant  to  your  suggestion,  I  shall  send  a  copy  of  this  document  j 

to  each  member  of  the  Board  of  the  General  Company..  j 

Respectfully,  j 

S.  B.  EATON, 

General  Counsel. 


JUNE  10,  1390, 

AGREEMENT  made  this  day  of  May,  1890,  between 

EDISON  ELECTRIC  LIGHT  COMPANY,  .a  corporation  organized  under  the  laws 
of  the’  State  of  New  York,  of  the  first  part,  and  TH0MS0N-H0UST0N  ELECTRIC 
COMPANY;  a  corporation  organized  under  the  laws  of  the  State  of  Con¬ 
necticut,  of  the  second  part. 

WHEREAS  the  parties,  hereto  are  severally  the  owners  of  a  large 
number  of  United  States  patents  relating  to  electric  light,  heat  and. 
power,  including  the  transmission  of  electric  power  and  electric  rail¬ 
ways,  and  for  the  purpose  of  avoiding  the  expense  and  delay  of  litiga¬ 
tion,  propose  to  submit  to  arbitration  as  hereinafter  provided  for, 
their  respective  claims,  each  party  against  the  other  party,  for  alleged 
infringements  of  said  patents: 

NOW,  THEREFORE,  it  is  agreed  as  followss- 

The  first  party  covenants  that  the  list  of  patents  hereto  an¬ 
nexed  marked  Exhibit  A,  and  entitled  "List  of . Edison  Co.  Patents, "  is  a 
complete  list  of  all  of  the  United  States  Patents  which  the  first,  party 
owns,  controls  or  is  in  any  way  interested  in  to  the  extent  of  posses¬ 
sion  the  legal  right  to  maintain  actions  for  infringement,  whether  as 
sole  plaintiff  or  co-plaintiff. 


The  second  party  covenants  that  the  list  of  patents  hereto 
annexed  marked  Exhibit  B.,  and  entitled  “List  of  Thomson-Houston  Co. 
Patents,"  is  a  complete  list  of  all  of  the  United  States  patents  which 
the  second  party  owns,  controls,  or  is  in  any  way  interested  in,  to  the 
extent  of  possessing  the  legal-  right  to  maintain  actions  for  infringe¬ 
ment,  whether  as  sole  plaintiff  or  co-plaintiff. 


Each  party  hereto  hereby  releases  the  other  party  hereto  from 
any  and  all  claim  of  every  kind  whatsoever  which  each  said  party  posses--, 
ses,  arising  out  of  the  infringement  ’of  any  patents  heretofore  or  now 
owned  or  controlled  by  the  said  parties,  respectively;  [including  all 
of  the  said  patents  as  to  which  the  said  respective  parties  possess' or 
have  heretofore  possessed,  the  legal  right  to  maintain  actions  for 
infringement*  whether  as  sole  plaintiff  or  co-plaintiff]  and  not  set 
forth  in  the  said  two  exhibits  heretofore  annexed  if  any  such  there  be. 




The  parties  hereto  further  agree. as  follows: 

[a]  Each  party  hereto  shall  within  ten  days  from  the  date  of 
this  agreement  serve  upon  the  other  party  hereto  a  written  notice  recit¬ 
ing  such  of  the  patents  set  forth  in  the  said  two  exhibits,  respective¬ 
ly,  as  each  party  claims  that  the  other  uses  and  infringes  and  each 
party  hereby  releases  the  other  and  those  who  have  sold  apparatus  of  the 
other's  manufacture,  and  the  users  of  apparatus  heretofore  manufactured 
by  the  other  from  any  and  all.  claim,  present  or  future,  for  infringement 
touching  any  and  all  patents  set  forth  in  the  said  exhibits,  respective¬ 
ly,  which  may  not  be  recited  in  the  said  several  notices." 

[b]  Within  five  days  from  the  receipt  of  the  foregoing  notice, 
by  either  party,  the  recipient  thereof  shall  in  writing  notify  the  other 
party  that  it  either  admits  or  denies,  as  the  case  may  be,  said  use  and 
infringement  touching  each  separate  patent  recited  in  said  notice. 

[cl  As  regards  inventions  and  patents  whose  use  and  infringe¬ 
ment  may  be  denied"  as  aforesaid,  the  party  making  the  denial  shall,  for 
a  period  of  fifteen  days  after  service  of  notice  of  denial  as. provided 
for  above  in  the  next  preceding  section,  afford  prompt  and  reasonable 
inspection  of  its  shops  and  plants,  to  the  other  party,  for  the  purpose 
of  enabling  the  latter  to  investigate  its  claim  of  use  and  infringe¬ 

Cdl  If  at  the  end  of  five  days  after  the  expiration  of  the 
fifteen  days  mentioned  in  the  next  preceding  clause  hereof,  to  wit: 

[cl,  the  party  alleging  use  and  infringement  as  aforesaid,  and  to  whom 
the  privilege  of  inspection  shall  have  been  given  as  above  provided 
for,  shall  not  have  again  notified  the  said  recipient  of  the  said  first 
notice  provided  for  above  in  the  first  clause  of  this  section,  to  wit, 
[a],  That  the  said  originally  alleged  use  and  infringement  is  still  in¬ 
sisted  upon  notwithstanding  the  said  denial,  the  said  party  complainant 
shall  be  considered  as  having  withdrawn  its  charge  of  use  and  infringe¬ 
ment,  and  shall  be  deemed  to  have  forever  released  such  other  party  and 
those  who  have  sold  or  who  have  used  or  shall -use  apparatus  of  its 
manufacture  heretofore  made,  from  any  and  all  claim  in  that  regard. 

[e]  Should. any  question  arise  touching  what  is  reasonable  ac¬ 
cess  to  shops  and  plants  for  the  purpose  of  the  aforesaid  inspection, 
and  should  either  party  claim  to  be  entitled  to  an  extension  of  time, 
touching  any  of  the  fixed  periods  mentioned  above  in  this  section,  or 
should  any  other  question  arise  as  to-  the  matters-  provided  for  in-  this- 
section;  the  same  shall-  be  left  to  the  arbitrators  named  below  in  the 
seventh  section  hereof,  in  the  event  of  disagreement  between  the  parties 
themselves . 

F  I  F  T  H. 

The  foregoing  preliminaries  having  been  completed,  and  the 
specific  patents  which  each  claims  the  other  infringes,  having  been  as-- 
certained  as  above  provided  for,  it  is  agreed  as  follows: 

[a]  As  regards  all  patents  the  infringement  of  which  is  not 
denied  as  aforesaid,  the  arbitrators  shall  fix  the  damages,  if  any,  to 


oe  paid  by  the  one  party,  to  the  other,  in  such  manner  as  said  arbitra- ■ 
tors  may  deem  just,  and  said  findings  by  the  arbitrators  shall  be  oarrie 
out  by  tne  parties  hereto  and  shall  operate  as  a  full  release  as  v/eli  t 
the  Company  against  whom  the  award  is  made,  as  to  those  who  have  sold  or 
used  or  shall  sell  or  use  its  apparatus  made  prior  to  the'  date  of  the 

[b.l  As  regards  all  patents  the  infringement  of  which  is  in'- •  ■ 
“isted  upon  notwithstanding  the  aforesaid  denials,  the  arbitrators  shall 
proceed  to  decide  the  rights  of  the  parties  hereto  including  the  question 
of  the  validity  of  the  patents  and  the  question  of  infringement  and  all 
other  questions  upon  which  the  rights  of  the  parties  hereto  depend,  in 
such  manner  and  on  such  evidence  as  they  may  thenk  best,  and  shall  de- 
termine  the  damages. ■  Their  findings  shall  be  carried  out  by  the  parties 
hereto  and  shall  operate  as  a  full  release  as  well  to  the  Company  againsl 
whom  the  .award  is  made  as  to  those  who  have  sold  or  used  or  shall  sell 
or  use  its  apparatus  made  prior  to  the  date  of  said  finuings. 

■  [o]  If  any  of  the  said  patents  coming  within  the  scope  of  the 
arbitration  as  above  provided  for,  already  in  litigation, 
either  between  the  parties  hereto'  or  between  either  of  them  arid  other 
parties,  the  arbitrators  shall  have  power  to  compel  the  parties  hereto 
to  leave  the  determination  of  any  questions  existing . between  the  parties 
hereto  which  they  shall  find  to  be  in  issue  in  such  suits  to  the  ultimate 
decision  in  such  suits,  and  the  arbitrators  shall  nevertheless  have 
power  to  determine  what  damages  shall  be  paid  by  either  party  hereto  to' 
the  other,  in  such  cases,  whether  the  right  of  one'  against  the  other 
is  so  determined  in  such  suits,  or  is  determined  by  themselves,  and  the 
parties  hereto  shall,  be  bound  thereby.-  If  in  the  judgment  of  the 
arbitrators  it  is  desirable  that  new  patent  suits  shall  be  brought  by 
usual  proceedings  in  Coufts  as  to  patent  litigation,  to  determine  any 
question  of  the  rights  of  one  party  against  the  other  under  said  patents 
as  contemplated  by  or  provided  for  in  this  instrument,  the  arbitrators 
shall  have  power  to  require  each  of  the  parties  hereto  to  abide  by  their 
decision  in  that  regard;  and  they  shall  have  power  to  determine  what 
damages  shall  be  paid  by  either  party  hereto  to  the  other,  if  the  right 
of  one  against  the  other  is  decided  in  such  new  suit  or  suits. 

[d.l  The  arbitrators  shall  have  full  power  to  decide  all 
questions  arising  out  of  the  alleged  infringements  referred  to  in  and 
covered  by  this  agreement,  including  not  only  amounts  of  damages  and  the. 
times  when  and  conditions  on  which  the  same  shall  become  binding  and 
payable,  but  also  the '  (question  whether  they  will  themselves  decide  as 
to  the  rights  of  the  parties  against  each  other,  or  leave  the  same  or 
certain  thereof  to-be  determined  by  the  ordinary  judicial  tribunals,  it 
being  intended  that  they  shall  have  full  power  to  determine  any  and  all 
questions  growing  out  of  or  relating  to  the  said  alleged  infringed 
patents  in  such  manner  as  they  may  deem  just. - 

[el  No  injunctions  shall  at  any  time  be  applied  for  or  ob¬ 
tained  by  either  party  as  against  the  other  touching  any  of  the  patents 
covered  by  this  agreement. 

[f]  Each  party  hereto  shall  grant  to  the  other  side  right  to 
manufacture,  use  and  sell  under  any  of  the  patents  which  the  other  part; 


shall  be  found  to  have  infringed .prior . to . the  date  hereof, . either  by  its 
own  admission  or  by  the. findings  of  the  arbitrators  for  the  term  of  such 
patents,  and  the  arbitrators  shall  determine  what  royalties  shall  be 
paid  by  each  Company  to  the  other  under  each  patent  for  which  it  shall  be 
licensed  during  the  term  of  the  patent,  it  being  the  intent  of  this 
agreement  that  after  the  settlement  for  past  infringement,  each  party 
shall  be  licensed  under  the  patents  of  the  other  which  it  has  heretofore 
infringed  at  a  royalty  to  be  fixed  by  the  arbitrators.  Said  license 
shall  authorize  the  sub-licensees  of  the  licensed-company . to  sell  and  use, 
but  not  to  manufacture  under  the  patents. 

[gl  Inasmuch  as  the  Edison  Company  has  granted  certain  exclu-' 
sive  rights  under  its  patents  to  the  Companies  named  on  the  schedule 
hereto  annexed  marked  Exhibit  C.,  and. the  Thomson-Houston  Company  has 
granted  certain  exclusive  rights  under  its  patents  to  the  Companies 
named  in  the  Schedule  hereto  annexed  marked  Exhibit  D.,  it  is 'hereby 
agreed  that  neither  Company  shall  be  responsible  for  any  proceedings  . 
that  may  be  instituted  by  its  said  licensees  claiming  exclusive  rights 
with  a  view  of  enforcing  their  rights  under  such  licenses,  but' each  party 
hereto  agrees  that  it- will  not  aid  or  abet  such  licensees ' in  so  doing 
except  so  far  as  it  may  be  obliged  so  to  do  by  its  contract  with  the 
licensees,  and  that  it  will  use  all  reasonable  efforts  to  secure1  a  fair 
and  amicable  adjustment  of  any  questions  that  may  arise  between. any  of 
its  licensees  and  the  other  party  hereto  or  any  of  the  other  party’s 
licensees,  because  of  the  existence  of.  such  exclusive  license. 

S  I  H  H. 

The  parties  hereto  further  agree  as  follows: 

[al  As  regards  all  applications  for  patents  now  pending  in  the 
Patent  Office,  in  which  either  party  may  be  interested,  nothing  herein 
contained  shall  prevent  either  of  the  parties  hereto  from  prosecuting 
its  said  applications  as  it  may  see  fit,  but  it  is  further  agreed  that 
upon  the  grant  of  any  patent  for  any  invention  shown  and  described  in 
any  of  said  applications,  the  said  party  eontroll ing . the  same  shall 
license  the  other  under  said  patent  to  the  extent  of  authorizing  the 
other  to  continue  during  the  term  of  such  patent,  to  use  in,  or  in 
connection  with,  apparatus  of  its  manufacture,  any  invention  patented 
in  such  patent  that  it  now  uses  in  or  in  connection  with  apparatus  of 
its  present  standard  manufacture;  it  being  the  intent  of  the  parties 
hereto  that  the  license  to  be  granted  by  each  to  the  other  as  provided 
by  this  agreement,  shall  extend  to  any  inventions  which  shall  hereafter 
be  patented,  on  which  applications  for  a  patent  are  now  pending,  so 
far  as  such  inventions  are  now  embodied  in  or  used  in  connection 
with  the  present  standard  apparatus  of  the  said  party  not  controlling 
.such  patent.  Upon  request  of  either  of  the  parties  hereto,  said 
arbitrators  shall  forthwith  determine, ..after  hearing,  all  questions  that 
may  arise  as  to  the  validity  of  any  such  patent  hereafter  granted  and 
the  infringement  thereof,  and  whether  the  said  party  hereto  not  con — 
trolling  the  same,  is  entitled  to  a  license  thereunder,  and  the  royalty, 
if  any,  to  be  paid  by  the  party  licensed. 



S  E  V  E  N.T-H. 

It  is  further  agreed  as  follows: 

[a]  The  arbitrators  herein  provided  for  shall  in  the  first 
.  instance  .consist  of  two,,  one  to  be  named  by  each  party  hereto,  and 

the  first  party  accordingly .now  names  f 

.of  ,  and  the  second  party  accordingly 

now  names  ,  of 

[b]  In  the  event  of  the  said  arbitrators  disagreeing  on  any 
question,  they  may  select  a  third  arbitrator.  The  decision . of  the 
said  arbitrators,  or  . of  the  said  three  arbitrators  or  a  majority  thereof, 
.shall  be  final  and  binding,  .if  the  arbitrators  above  named  so  decide, 

[c]  The. arbitration  herein  provided  for  shall  continue  until 
both  parties  hereto  oonsent  to  end  it,  find  at  any  and  all  times  during 
such  continuance,  either  party  hereto  may  bring  any  matter  covered  by 
this  agreement  before  the  said  arbitrators,  and  their  decision  as 
aforesaid  shall  be  binding. 

Ed]  In  the  event  of  the  death  of  either  of  the  two  arbitrators 
first  named  above,  the  party  who  shall  have  named  him  shall  have  power 
and  shall  be  compelled  to  immediately  name  his  successor,  in  default, 
whereof,  the  said  successor  may  be  named. by  the  other  party  hereto. 

[el  During  the  arbitration  each  .party  shall  pay  its  own 
expenses,  .but  the  compensation  to  be  paid  the  arbitrators,  together  with 
all  general  expenses  appertaining  to  the  arbitration  shall  be  borne 
equally  by  the  parties  hereto. 

E  I  6  H  T  H. 

•To  avoid  misunderstanding  and  for  the  purpose  of  instructing 
the  arbitrators  above  provided  for,  it  is  agreed  as  follows:  • 

[a]  The. said  arbitrators  shall  at  all  times  be  subject  to  the 
written  instructions  jointly  given  by  the  parties  hereto. 

EM  All  awards  for  damages  for  infringement  or  for  royalties 
as  herein  provided  for,  may  be  given  in  the  aggregate  touching  several 
cases,  or  in  detail  touching  each  case,  as  the  arbitrators  may  think 

[c]  Hearings  shall  be  had  by  the  arbitrators  of  which  the 
parties  shall  be  notified  and  at  which  they  may  be  requested  by  counsel. 
Any  contention  arising  involving  questions  of  fact,  shall  be  decided 
by  the  arbitrators  upon  sworn  testimony  or  otherwise  as  they  may  think 
best.  -The  arbitrators  shall  apply  the  established  rules  of  evidence 
only  so  far  as  they  deem  wise. 

Ed]  For  the  purpose  of  facilitating  the  proofs  before  the 
arbitrators  each  party  agrees  to  disclose  to  the  other  and  to  the  arbitra¬ 
tors  any  and  all  facts  in  its  possession  which  the  arbitrators  shall 
deem  material,  promptly,  whenever  requested  so  to  do  by  the  other,  .or  by 
the  arbitrators,  and  to  afford  the  other  full  opportunity  to  verify 
such  facts  by  an  examination  of  its  books  or  in  such  way  as  the  arbitra¬ 
tors  shall  designate. 

[e]  The  reason  why  the  .parties  hereto  resort  to  arbitration 


as  herein  provided  for,  is  to  avoid  the  delay  and  expense  of  patent 
litigations,  consequently  the  arbitrators  are  instructed  and  authorized 
to  so  conduct  all  proceedings  as  to  reach  their  conclusions  in  the  short¬ 
est  and  least  expensive  way  practicable.. 

[f]  ‘The  arbitrators  shall  have  full  power  to  make  general  and 
special  rules  and  regulations  touching  all  matters  coming  before  them, 
and  the  parties  hereto  shall  abide  thereby. 



new  YoHK._.Juna  ..l2.-lf 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esq. 



Dear  Sir:- 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  11th  inst. ad¬ 
vising  us  that  you  will  go  on  the  bond  for  the  Dick  Go.  in  the 
suit  brought  against  Wm.  0.  Fuerth  of  Newark  , N.J.  This  bond  will 
be  in  the  sum  of  $250. It  has  been  prepared  and  submitted  to  counsel 
for  Fuerth  for  approval. On  its  return  by  him  it  willt  be  forwarded 
to  you  for  execution. 


L /" 

law  offices,  „T 

DYER  &  SEELY.  (Dictated) 

-  36  WALL  STREET, 

We  enclose  you  herewith  the  bond  for  costs  in  the 

case  of  the  A.  B.  Dick  Co.  vs.  William  G.  Fuerth  in  the  District 
of  New  Jersey, in  which  ease  you  have  signified  your  willingness  to 
go  on  the  bond  for  the  Dick  Co.  Please  execute  the  bond  as  indic¬ 
ated  in  pencil  and  return  to  us. 

a  man  named  King  for  making  plate  glass  by  squeezing  melted  glass 
through  a  flat  opening.  We  have  just  received  a  notice  of  the  tak¬ 
ing  of  testimony  on  behalf  of  King  for  next  week  at  Toledo  and 
Pittsburgh.  We  think  from  the  preliminary  statement*  that  you  have 
a  fair  chance  of  success  in  the  interference  and  if  you  wish  to 
contest  it  s.cme  one  from  our  office  will  go  West  and  cross-examine 
the  witnesses. 

We  believe  that  at  the  time  the  interference  was 
declared  you  had  seme  idea  of  arranging  a  compromise  with  King 
by  which  you  would  sell  the  invention  to  him, and  it  seems  to  us 
that  it  might  be  well  for  whoever  goes  out  there  to  attend  the 
testimony, to  make  some  such  suggestion  to  King  and  perhaps  arrange 
for  a  compromise.  If  you  think  this  desirable  let  us  know  what  your 
idea  is  as  to  the  value  of  the  invent  ion, that  is,  what  amount  you 
would  want  to  sell  your  rights  for.  It  would  appear-from  the  fact 
of  their  taking  testimony  in  Toledo  and  Pittsburgh  and  examining 
quite  a  number  of  witnesses  that  they  must  set  more  or  less  value 
on  the  invention  and  in  order  to  make  certain  of  xtorthfaxg  owning 


it  they  might  be  willing  to  pay  something  for  it.  Please  advise 
as  soon  as  you  can  about  this. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Thomas  A. Edison  Esq. 

•  Orange, 


My  Dear  Mr. Edison: - 

YORK - June... 24-1890.. _ 

I  called  at  the  laboratory  yesterday  afternoon 
and  left  an  English  patent  of  Wynne  which  has  the  two  motors  con¬ 
nected  to  the  axle  by  differential  gearing.  I  left  the  patent  with 
Mr.Kennelly/asking  him  to  look  it  over  and  call  your  attention  to 
it.  Yesterday  I  cabled  to  our  London  agents  asking  them  if  the 
patent  had  been  maintained  in  England.  This  morning  we  have  the 
reply  that  the  patent  is  void  from  which  we  understand  that  the 
taxes  have  not  been  paid.  As  the  decisions  stand  at  present  in 
this  country  Wynne  could  not  obtain  a  valid  patent  here. Whether 
the  Courts  will  continue  to  look  upon  the  subject  in  this  way  is  a 
matter  of  sane  uncertainty  although  my  view  is  that  they  will. For 

your  protection  you  should  secure  an  assignment  from  Wynne  of  all 
his  rights  to  the  invention  for  the  United  States.  In  view  of  the 
probability  that  he  is  not  entitled  to  any  patent  here  the  consid¬ 
eration  or  this  assignment  should  be  very  small. 

Yours  truly. 

-  - 


My  Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

O'  f 

Hot;  is  the  work  oh  the  motor  meter  progressing?  When  do 
you  expect  to  be  able  to  have  it  ready  for  a  test?  Major  Eaton  is 
anxious  that  the  suit  should  be  pushed  forward  and  at  present  we 
are  waiting  to  hear  from  this  meter. 

TojThos. A. Edison  Esq. 



Yours  truly, 




NE»  yob k — sIuae..^*._J.8.9Jl, _ 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir: 

In  accordance  with  the  request  made  through  out  Mr.  Dyer 
to  have  Mr.  Edison  supplied  with  copies  of  patents  on  electric 
railways  issued  since  August  13,  1889,  which  is  the  date  of  the 
last  patent  included  in  the  lot  furnished  by  us,  and  to  have  copi® 
of  all  future  patents  on  this  subject  sent  to  him  as  they  are 
issued,  we  suggest  that  you  write  the  following  letter  to  the 
Patent  Office,  inclosing  a  check  for  $  50.  to  be  deposited  to  the 
credit  of  Mr.  Edison. 

Hon.  Commissioner  of  Patents, 

.  -1  desire  to  be  furnished  with 

opy  of  each  patent  issued  since  August  13,  1889,  in 
e*'0l®®s  Car  brakes;  sub-class  36,  Motors;  and  sub- 
class  75,  Locomotion;  all  in  class  172  Electricity- 
Motive  Power.  I  also  desire  that  one  copy  of  all  future 
issued8  ln  th9  ab°V0  Bilb“olasses  be  sent  to  me  when 

w  please  find  ev  check  for  $  50.  which  please 

my  credit  on  aooount  of  the  above  order, 
and^FSquSst  that  monthly  statements  be  sent  me  so  that 
I  may  keep  up  my  deposit  to  meet  the  cost  of  copies. 




.DYER  4SEELY.  (Dietated) 

A. 0. Tate  Esq. 



Dear  Sirs  - 


new  YORK - JTuly....3.,.X890i^ _ 

We  hare  your  letter  of  the  2nd  inst.  enclosing  a 
letter  from  the  A.B.Dick  Co.  an,t  a  declaration  to  be  signed  by 
Edison  with  reference  to  a  Swiss  patent  for  the  mimeograph.  We 
do  not  know  exactly  what  a  ■Manufacturers  Patent-  is  in  Switzer¬ 
land.  There  is  nothing  about  suc^tent  in  the  new  Swiss  Patent 
Law, but  there  is  a  provision  to  /he  effect  that  a  patent  will 
not  be  granted  for  any  thing  which  has  gone  into  industrial  use 
in  Switzerland.  We  i Jssume,4ere;fore  that  the  -Manufacturers  Pat¬ 
ent-  is  something  whL^/avoi ds  this  provision  of  the  law  and  that 
Mr.Dick  and  Mr.  P.  S.Dyer  have  probably  investigated  the  matter  and 
found  out  how  the  patent  ought  to  be  taken  in  order  to  comply  with 
the  law  and  get  the  necessary  protection.  The  paper  which  Mr.Edi- 
son  is  to  sign  seems  to  be  a  transfer  of  the  right  to  manufacture 
the  mimeograph  in  Switzerland  to  the  A.B.Dick  Co.  and  give,  them 
authority  to  apply  for  ant  a  Swiss  patent. -If  the  A.B.Dick  Co. 
is  entitled  to  such  a  transfer  under  ^.contracts  with  Mr.Edison 
wo  see  no  reason  why  he  should  not  sign  the  paper. 

We  return  herewith  the  papers  enclosed  with  your- 
letter.  jff  ^ 

. . . . T°uri  truj  y ^ 


Department  of  tee  Interior, 

Washington,  D.  o.,  July  17,  1890;. 

Orange,  N.  J* 


In  reply  to  yours  of  June  30th,  ordering  copies  of  pat- 
ents  in  certain  sub-classes  in  class  172,  Electricity,  Motive 
Power ,  you  are  advised  that  the  copies  were  mailed  to  your  address 
on  July  12tt}.  -  j 

,  filIinfi  thlS  °rd0r  the  0ffiee  Allowed  your  instruc¬ 

tions  literally,  and  sent  copies  in  sub-olasses  9,  Car  Brakes, 
sub-class  36,  Motors  and  the  sub-class  Locomotion. 

It  is  deemed  advisable  to  call  your  attention  to  the 
fact  that  sub-class  36,  Motors, lias  been  subdivided,  certain  pat- 
havine  been  taken  frora  ^  to  form  sub-class  120,  Alternating 
Motors,  and  sub-class  126,  Reciprocating  Motors.  Copies  of 
these  patents  have  not  been  furnished,  and  you  will  be  good  enough 
to  advise  this  Office  if  you  desire  copies  of  the  patents  in  these 
sub-classes  issued  since  August  13th,  1889  sent  to  you,  and  the 

sub-classes  included  in  your  subscription  order  for  copies  of 
patents  as  issued* 

Please  refer  in  your  answer  to  letter  No*  48,087. 

By  direction  of  the  Oornnissioner. 

Very  respectfully, 


Diw  C,  15;  144  -  1890. 



A.  0.  Tate, 

Edison's  laboratory. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  s  ir,  - 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  19th  inst., 
enclosing  a  letter  from  the  patent  office  in  re  Mr.  Edison’s  order 
for  copies  of  certain  patents,  we  think  you  ought  to  have  the 
order  include  the  two  new  sub-classes  mentioned  in  the  patent 
office  letter.  All  you  will  have  to  do  in  writing  to  the  office 
is  to  refer  to  the  number  of  their  le^terT^atatefcng-  that  sub-class 
120,  alternating  motors,  and  subclass  126,  reciprocating  motor#, 
under  class  172,  electrioit^'should  be  added  to  jwiiPii  ui  III 
Mr.  Edison's  standing  order  for  copies. 

Yours  truly, 




•■4'r.w  :&?*fy_&3Ly_22n&„1890 . 

T.  A,  Edison,  Esq., 

Bear  Sir:- 

I  beg  -to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of.  the  package 
of  Thoms on-Houston  patents,  returned  by  you,  together  with  your 
accompanying  note. 

The  report  viii  clyl  made  on  these  patents  contains  a 
statement,  of  just  what  ,we  are  supposddto  infringe,  I  note  that 
in  addition  to  that  ^information,  you  wish  to  know  how  to  evade  the 
claims.  I  will  therefore  do  as  jou  request,  namely,  ask  Mr. 



Awaiting  your  further  favors,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours. 

1.  -In  a  phonograph,  the  o  onto  in  at  ion  of  a 
cutting  knife  mounted  rigidly  and  without  adj  ustment  on 
tha  machine,  and  a  recorder  adjustable  with  relation  to 
said  cutting  knife,  substantially  as  s«t  forth. 

*2.  In  a  phonograph,  the  combination  with  tha 
rooking  holding  arm,  the  guide  rest,  and  the  guide  rest 
adjustment,  of  a  recorder  carried  by  a  frame  supported 
by  the  rooking  holding  snta  and  the  guide  rest,  Said 
frame  having  an  adjustment  towards  and  away  from  the 
recording  siirface,  ,  and  said  recorder  having  an  adjustt- 
Tneht  toward  and  away  from  the  recording  surfaces  ad¬ 
ditional  to  the  adjustment  of  said  frame,  substantially 
as  set  forth. 

"3.  In  a  phonograph,  the  oonbination  with  the 
rooking  holding  aim,  the  guide  rest,  and  the  guide  reat 
adjustment,  of  a  cutting  knife  and  a. recorder  supported 
upon  said  guide  rest,  said  cutting  knife  being  mounted 
rigidLy  and  without  adjustment  on  the  machine,  ani  said 
recorder  being  independently  adjustable  with  relation  to 
said  cutting  knife,  substantially  as  set  forth." 

These  claims  stand  rejected  on  two  of  your  own  patents 
1382,414  and  386,974)  neither  of  which,  in  our  opinion,  are  cuffi- 
eient  references  to  bar  allowance  of  the  claims.  The  cutting,  tool 
,,Shown  in  both  of  the  patent*  is  the  old  form  of  adjustable  cutting 
tool,  and  the  recording  point  not  an  additional  adjustment 
within  the  meaning  of  these  qJaips. 

-PXease  let  us  know  whether  yo,u  deem  it  worth  while  to  go 
to -the  expense  (jf6Q)  of  ^n  appeal  to  the  hoard  of  examiner#  in 
chief V  We-  thinlf  the  ohanp^f  of  getting  the  claims  are  good. 

The  pnly  claims  which  tjhe  examiner  has  allowed  in  the  ap¬ 
plication  are  two  which  are  limited  to  a  conbinatian  of  the 
•.swinging  speotaolo  frane  and  the  outting  knife  mounted  upon  such 
-swinging  frane. 

Very  respectfully, 



3(/f ,  1890.. 



MR.  EATON'S  MEM.  FOR  MEETING  OF  JULY  Stfi- ...  1890- 

RE  ELECTRIC'  RAILWAY  LITIGATION.  How.  many  suits' shall  we -com¬ 
mence  against 'infringers  of  .  the  Sprague  electric  railway  patents?  When 
we  begin,  probably  suits  will  be  commenced  against  us,  in  return.'  This 
will  mean’  heavy  work'  next'  season,  and  I  should  like  to-  begin  to  get  ready 
for  it.  For  aotive  lawyers,,  we  oan  use  Mr.  Betts,  also  Mr.  Seely.  But 
w.e  have  no  skilled  expert  who  is  just  the  man  we  want  to' be  our  principal 
expert  witness  in  electric  railway  suits.  We  shall  need  the  entire 
time  of  the  best  expert  we  can  find,  if  eleotrio 'railway  litigation  is 
to  be  pushed.  Moreover,  Mr.  Edison  needs  the  advice  of  a  first-class 
expert  in'  electric  railway  matters,  to'  keep  him  straight  touching  other 
people’s  patents,  yi  connection  with  his-  inventions  on  electric  rail¬ 
ways.  He  is  e$S$*a^propounding  important  questions- which  none  but  a 
thorough  expert  oan  safely  answer. 

QUESTION:  Shall  we  prepare  for  heavy  litigation  on  railway 

patents,  and  if  so,  may  I  retain  a  'first-class  expert  to-  give  his- entire 
time  to  us  by  the  year? 

•  I  _I_,  ^  .*■ 

Railway  Company  of  the  United  States  has  brought  suit  againS-t  the 
Jamaica  &  Brooklyn  Railroad  Company,  a  licensee  of  the  Sprague  Company, 
on  a.  patent  of  S.  D.  Field,  No..  407,188,  granted  July  13,  1889..  This 
is-  the  well  known  Field  Patent  which  was  in  controversy  in  the  Patent 
Office  for  nine  years,  between  Field,  Edison,  Green,  Hall  and  Siemens. 

Mr.  Edison  withdrew,  because  •  the  Edison  and  Field  interest  became  mutual. 
The  patent  was  -finally  issued  in  1889,  to  Field.  Last  January,  I  ob¬ 
tained  an  exhaustive  opinion  from  Mr.  B.  F.  Thurston,  '  aided  by  Mr.  Seely, 
on  this  patent,  at  the  request 'of  Mr.  Vdllard,  who-  then  thought  of  ac¬ 
quiring  it.  Mr.  Thurston’s  .opinion  was  that  none  of  .vthe  broad  claims- 
of  the  patent  could  be  sustained.  The' Siemens:  profile  ^ave1  brought  an 
action  to'  annul  the  patent,  on  the  ground  that  it  was  improperly  issued 
to-  Mr.  Field. 

Under  the  contract  between  the  Sprague  Company  and  the  said 
Jamaica  &  Brooklyn  Railroad  Company,  the  former,  which  furnished  the 
electrical  equipments  for  the  latter,  must  defend  all  suits  brought 
against  the  latter  for  infringements  of  patents. 

The  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Sprague  Company  have  referred 


this  suit  to'  this  Committee,  .and  the  papers 1  have  bBen  placed  in'  my 
hands.  Presumably  we  shall  have  a  hard  fight  in  this  suit  and.  we  ought 
to  have  the  best  available  patent  lawyers'  to  help  us. 

QUESTION;.  Shall  I  retain  Mr.  Betts*,  provided  we  find  that  the 
Field  people  really  intend  to  contest  the  validity  of  their  patent  in 
this  particular  suit?  Can  I  also-  associate  Mr.  Seely  with  him,  if 
need  be? 


ThiS'Suit  is  brought  on' Hunter's- br.oad  patent  No.  392, 402„  February, 
1889,  for  a  trolley  running  on  the  under  side  of  a  conductor.  The 
plaintiff  has- recently  taken  testimony,  and  announces  that  after  the 
August  vacations  the  case  will  be  pushed.  Our  defence  is  in  charge  of 
Mr.. B'ettS'  aided  by  Mr.  Seely.  Our  main  object  is  to'  break  down  the 
early  dates  of  Mr.  Hunter,  the  importance  of  which  iS'  explained  in  the 
next  following  paragraph. 


HUNTER'S’  ELECTRIC  RAILWAY  PATENTS.  .The  Thomson-Houston  Co', 
have  acquired  the  Hunter  patents*  eight  in  number,  and  additional  patents^  V 
are  being  issued  to  Hunter  almost  monthly.  These  patents  are  broad, 
and  if  sustained  would  be  serious  impediments.  Ten  years'  ago,  Mr. 

Hunter  was- a  Patent  Solicitor,  and  made  many  drawings  relating  to  de-r' 
tails  of  electric  railways.  He  filed  these  drawings'  away,  and  did  not 
begin-  to  apply  for  patents' until  1885.  Since  .  then  he  has  secured  many 
broad  patents  on  these  old  drawings*  and  has  carried  the  dates  of  his 
inventions  back  several  years*  earlier,  than  other  inventors.  His  ex-' 
cuse  for  not  applying  for  patents  sooner  iS'  that  he  was-  too  poor.  In 
defending  ourselves  against  Hunter's- patents*  w.e  must  try  to  break  down 
these  early  dates*  and  try  to-  show  that  his  early  dates  are -fictitious,  ' 
also  that  he:was-  guilty  of  inexcusable  laches  in  not  applying  for 
patents  sooner.  This  will  be  a  difficult  thing  to  do,  but  we  must  try 
it.  I  should  like  authority  to  employ  at  least  one  special  counsel  to 
aid  in-  running  down  Hunter. 

QUESTION;  Shall  we  take  especial  pains  to  run  down  Mr.  Hunter, 
and  may  I  employ  one  special  counsel  if  necessary? 

SPRAGUE  FOREIGN  PATENTS'.  You  will  be  interested  to  know,  that 
the  Sprague  U.  S;.  Patents  are' not  limited  by  any  foreign  patents.  Mr. 
Sprague  has  taken  no'  patents  in  Canada-.  He  has  .taken  patents  in  Engr 
land,  France,  I  taly,  and  Germany..  The  English,  patents  have  been  sold 
to  the  Electric  Construction  Corporation,.  Limited..  The  German  patents 


have  been  sold  to. the  .Allgemeine  Elektricitats  Gesellschaf  t,  with  whom 
a  contract  exists  .involving  both  our  Sprague  Co.  and  himself.  Neither 
the  French  patents'  nor  the  Italian  patents  have  been  sold.  Applications' 
have  been  made  in  Australia,  .and  concessions' have  been  obtained  in  Mexico 
and  other  countries'.  I  am  told  that  all  the  foreign  patents' have  been 
taken  out  in  such  a  way  as'  not  to  terminate  the  United  States  . patents'. 


. NEVI  YORK  FILAMENT  SUIT.  I  am  glad  to  announce  that  all  testir 
mony  in  this  suit  is  practically  in.  Only  two  things'  remain  to-  be  done, 
namely,  General  Dunoan  is>  to- finish  Mr.  Clarke’s  cross-examination;  and 
I  am  myself  to,  testify  touching  notices  of  warning  served- on  infringers' 
in  the  early  days'  of  the  Light  Co.  The  record  is'  nearly  all  printed, 
and  as' soon  as  the  lawyers  get  back  from,  their  vacations,  work  will  be 
begun- on  the  briefs.  .  .  The  case  will  be  argued  in  the  .October  term,  which 
oommenoes  the  third  Monday  of  October  and  ends  in  February. 


TRENTON  FEEDER  SUIT.  The  Westinghouse :attorneys  are  making  a 
sthbborn-  fight.  By  stipulation,  their  defence  is  now;  practically  closed. 
The  lawyers  are  to-  take  a  vacation  during  August,  and  early  in  September 
w.e  shall  commence  our  rebuttal.  Their  main- defences' are  the  analogies- 
of  old  systems  of  water  supply  and  old  systems  of  electro-plating  where 
devices- corresponding  to  our  feeders- were  used.  We  propose  to  examine 
Professor  Chandler  as  our  expert  on  the  alleged  analogies  of  gas  systems 
and  water  systems-.  We  may  wish  to-  examine  Mr.  .Edward  Weston  as  our 
expert  touching  electro-plating.  .Sir  William  Thomson  has  sent  us  a 
strong  opinion  favorable  to  our  feeder  patent,  and  we  shall  probably 
take  his-  deposition  by  commission,  as  an  expert  witness  on  our  behalf. 

This  case  is-  one  of  unusual  difficulty. 

QUESTION!  .Shall  we- employ  Professor  Chandler  and  Mr.  . Weston 
as  experts,  if  needed  in  rebuttal? 


OUR  OTHER  FEEDER  SUITS.  We  shall,  probably  abandon  the  suit 
against  the  Torrington  Company,  because  •  their  feeders  do  not  infringe 
our  patents  But  our  suit  against  the  Bridgeport  Company,  a  Thomson-- 
Houston  0'ov  licensee,  w.e  shall  go- on- with.  Possibly  the  testimony  in 
the  Trenton  suit  will  be  transferred  to  the  Bridgeport  suit,  and  we  may 
get  the  latter  suit  into' Court  first.  However  this  is  a  question  of 
tactics,  and  we  shall  be  governed  by  circumstances. 

,  IX. 

OUR  METER  SUIT.  At  your  meeting  held' February  25,  1890,  you 

instructed  me  to  commence  a  suit  against  the  Shall enberger  meter,  used 
by  the  Westinghouse  Company.  The  suit  was  begun,  and  their  answer 
was  duly  filed.  Their  main  defense  is  that  Mr.  Edison's,  meter  in¬ 
vention  as.  described  in  his  infringed  patent  is.  inoperative.  In  order 
to  meet  that  issue  squarely,  we  deoided  to  construct  a  meter,  and  to 
have  it  carefully  tested..  Mr.  Edison  himself  undertook  the  construe-' 
tion,  and  the  meter  has.  recently  been  finished.  We  shall  probably 
send  it  to  Professor  Brackett  as.  an- expert,  for  thorough  tests  to' be 
made.  When'  that  is  done* .  we  shall  begin  to  take  testimony. 


SUITS'  AGAINST  THE  PERKINS  LAMP'. .  V/e  have  .pushed  these  ■  two 
suits  with  vigor.  Mr.  Wetmore,  the  leading  attorney  for  the  defence, 
entered  into  stipulations  whioh  saved  us-  considerable  time  and  expense. 
He  will  be  away  on  vacation  during  August,  but  has  stipulated  to-  go-  on 
•with  these  suits,  the  first  week  in  September,  and  to  keep  at  them  with-?' 
out  break.  Mr.  Perkins  was  very  much  disappointed  at  your  decision  at 
the  last  meeting  of  this  Committee,  the  16th  inst.,  that  licenses,  were 
not  to'  be  granted  him,  and  that  the  suits  against  his  Company  were  to  be 
pushed.  He : and  his  lawyer  have  called  on  me  within  the  last  two  days 

to  renew  the  disoussion  of  the  question  of  licensing  the  Perkins  Com¬ 
pany.  I  told  them  that  the  action  of  the  Committee  was  final. 


.AMENDMENT  TO  THE  PATENT-STATUTES.  At  the  request  of  Mr. 
Edison,  .and  with  the  aid  of  Mr.  Betts  and  of  Messrs..  Dyer  and  Seely, 
we  have  prepared  an  amendment  to'  the  Patent  Laws.  It  provides,  for 
obtaining  inventions  with  greater  facility  than  now,  I  have  sent  ou; 
draft  of  the  bill  to  Mr.  Simonds,  a  Hartford  Member  of  Congress,  who 
is  the  most  important  man  on  the  Patent  Committee  of  the  Lower  House. 
He  now  has  our  bill’  under  consideration. 


RE  PATENT  SUITS  IN  THE  PROVINCE  OF  QUEBEC.  Our  only  suit  in 
Montreal  is.  a  long  standing  suit  on  the  filament  patent.  Mr.  .Maomasr 
ter,  of  Montreal,  has  always  been  in  charge  of  this  suit,  and  still  is. 
My  only  reason-  for  mentioning  this  suit  is  to  say  that  Mr.  Macmaster 
has-  recently  written'  me  to-  inquire  what  our  plans  were  about  going  on 
with  the  suit.  I  told  him  that  probably  nothing  would  be  done  until 
our  filament  case  hBre  was  decided. 


HAVEN  COMPANY.  We  have  begun  to-  take  testimony  in'  this  case 

3,  and 


propose  to  push  it  with- vigor  as- soon  as  the  4ugust  vacations  are  over. 
Mr.  Fish,  of  Boston,  is  the  principal  attorney  for  the  defenoe.  We 
are  not  yet  certain  that  he  will  consent  to  introduce  by  stipulation 
any  of  the  testimony  taken  in  the  case  still  undecided  by  Judge  McKen- 
non,  but  we  hope  he  will. 


MR,.. CLARKE -S  RETAINER  AS  EXPERT.  Our  contract  with  Mr.  Charles 
L.  Clarke  is  for  two  years.  The  first  year  ends  this  month,  and  we 
have  the  option  to  terminate  the  contract  or  to  go  on  for  another  year. 
His  per  diem  rate  for  the  first  year  was  Twenty-five -dollars.  For  the 
second  year,  his  per  diem  rate  will  be  Thirty-five  dollars.  We  guarantee 
tha'.  he  shall  be  employed  to  the  extent  of  at  least  $2,000..  each  year. 

We  have  paid  him  for  the  first  year  about  $4,000..  He  has  done  a  great 
deal  of  important  work  in  the  filament  case,  and  will  be  needed  in  that 
case  until  after  the  argument  is  ended.  He  has  also  been  used  in  two 
other  cases.  I  think  we  ought  to  avail  ourselves  of  our  option  to  use 
him  for  another  year. 

QDESTIONi  Shall  we  retain  Mr.  Clarke  for  the  second  year  under 
the  existing  contract? 


MR.  QUIMBY 'S  RETAINER  AS  EXPERT.  Our  arrangement  with  Mr. 
Quimby  was  for  one  year  from  July  29,  1889..  We  paid  him  a  retainer  of 
One  thousand  dollars,  of  which  the  Sprague  Co.  paid  one-half.-  His  per 
diem  charge  is  Fifty  dollars  for  work  here  and  Seventy-five  dollars  when 
away.  We  have  not  had  occasion  to  use, him  much.  He  made  a  thorough 
examination  of  the  Farmer  Regulator  patent,  and  was  to  be  our  principal 
witness  in  defence.  But  the  Westinghouse  people  have  not  pressed  that 
suit.  His  report  on  this  patent  was  in  writing  and  I  have  it  on  file 
in  my  office  among  the  papers  in  the  case.  I  think  that  the  total  per 
diem  services  paid  Mr.  Quimby  during  the  year  have  not  amounted  to  over 
$600,,  making,  with  his  retainer,  $1,600..  I  shall  have  a  suggestion 
to  make  touching  the  question  of  paying  him  One  thousand  dollars  as  re-1- 
tainer  for  another  year.  He ‘is  waiting  for  our  decision. 

QUESTION:  Shall  we  retain  Mr.  Quimby  for  another  year? 

,  Respectfully, 


E,  B,  EATON, 

General  Counsel. 

Dear  sir,- 

We  have  your  letter  of  the  1st  inst.  enclosing,  a 
letter  from  Mr.  R.  U.  Johnson,  secretary  of  the  Amerioan  Copyright 
league  • 

Mr.  Johnson  isjaistaken  in  the  idea,  that  if  Franco  should, 
withdraw  from  the  International  Convention,  for  the  protection  of 
industrial  property  it  would  wake  your  Freo,oh  pa.tantB  of  no  valv»* 
■None  of  your  patents  .are  affected  in  any  fay  at  present  by  the 
.provisions  of  the  convention,  and  we  oannot  see  how  the  expected 
;action  of  the  French  Government  would  injure  you. 

tin  "vieW  of  this,  do  you  care  to  take  the  Set  ion  which. 

Mr.  Johnson  suggests? 

T?e  -return  the  letter  of  Mr.  Johnson  herewith. 

Yours  truly, 

A  /■  "  ^  t  <4>  »  tsL 





Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 
Oraige,  New  Jersey, 
Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Reeder  Suit.  I  send  you  herewith  a  copy  of  an 
important  letter  under  date  of  July  30th,,  1890,  which  I  have 
just  received  from  Mr.  Betts;  also  a  copy  of  the  deposition  of 
Prof.Morton,  alluded  to  therein, 

I  have  requested  Mr.  Betts  to  call  upon  you  in  person 
for  the  purpose  of  taking  the  situation  over  with  you,  and  would 
be  pleased  to  have  you  examine  the  enclosed  documents  at  your 
early  convenience  in  order  that  you  may  be  familiar  with  them  upon 
the  occasion  of  Mr.  Betts1  visit. 

Hoping  this  will  be  satisfactory  to  you,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours. 


Edison  Blee .  Oo.  vs.  Westing- 
house,  Church,  Kerr  &  Oo. 

S.  B.  Eaton,  Esq., 
Dear  Sir 

July  30th,  1890. 

On  Friday  afternoon  last  the  case  for  the  de¬ 
fendants  was  closed,  in  the  Edison  "Feeder"  suit,  in  the  District 
of  New  Jersey,  and  we  are  now  in  a  position  to  know  exactly  what 
the  defendants  rely  upon,  and  the  points  upon  which  they  most 
strenuously  insist  in  their  def  emoe. 

Mr.  Jenks  is  having  a  few  copies  of  President  Morton’s 
deposition  for  use  by  our  different  experts,  as  that  deposition 
seems  to  sum  up  the  final  conclusions  at  which  the  experts  and 
counsel  for  the  defence  have  arrived. 

I  enclose  to  you  a  copy  of  that  deposition,  and  should  be 
glad  to  have  the  same  submitted  to  Mr.  Edison. 

By  consulting  that  deposition  you  will  find  that  Presi¬ 
dent  Morton,  in  his  answers  to  oross-questions  126  to  137,  sumna- 
rizes  the  defence  on  the  question  of  novelty,  by  saying  that  flie 
nearest  approximation  to  the  invention  of  the  patent  in  suit,  so 
far  as  it  was  taught  by  the  prior  art  of  gas  distribution,  is  that 
found  in  Giroud’a  Treatise  on  Gas  and  Gas  Distribution. 

The  particular  part  of  that  work  upon  which  he  relies  is 



referred  to  in  his  direct-examination  at  Q.  25,  and  as  this  is  a 
standard  work  it  will  be  readily  accessible  to  our  experts. 

Among  the  instances  of  actual  prior  use,  he  refers  to  the 
gas  works  at  Hoboken,  New  Jersey,  and  Lowell,  Mass.,  as  the  nearest 
approximation  to  the  invention  of  the  patent  in  suit.  Neither  of 
these,  however,  anbody  anything  that  is  not  found  described  in  the 
work  of  Giroud,  and  it  seems  to  me  that  they  are  less  important 
than  the  description  in  that  work. 

In  systems  of  electric  distribution,  Prof.  Morton  admits 
that  he  finds  no  proof  of  any  actual  plant  embodying  the  invention 
except  what  is  referred  to  in  printed  publications  (XQ.  128). 

He  relies  (XQ.  135),  as  the  nearest  approximation  to  the 
•Feeder"  syston  of  Edison  which  is  found  in  prior  publications, 
upon  the  Siglish  patent  of  Werdeman,  of.  1878,  and  upon  the  Biglish 
patent  of  Lane-Pox,  of  1878,  when  taken  in  connection  with  Lane- 
Pox's  letter  to  the  "London  Times"  in  1878. 

When  a  question  (XQ.  137)  is  put  to  him,  defining  the  in¬ 
vention  in  suit,  with  such  limitations  as  may  fairly  be  found  im¬ 
plied  in  the  patent,  he  admits  that  the  nearest  approximation  to  it 
ia  the  description  of  an  electro-plating  plant,  in  a  work  which  is 
quoted  in  full  by  him  at  XQ.  188. 

It  will  be  seen  now  that,  by  these  admissions  of  Presi¬ 
dent  Morton,  our  work  in  meeting  and,  if  possible,  rebutting  his 



evidence  has  been  narrowed  in  its  scope. 

If  we  can  successfully  meet  the  limited  number  of  refer¬ 
ences  upon  which  he  relies,  and  show  that  what  was  done  by  Mr.  Edi¬ 
son,  and  claimed  in  his  patent  in  suit,  involved  "invention"  as 
distinguished  from  what  is  there  described,  and  that  that  "inven¬ 
tion"  is  embodied  in  defendant’s  Trenton  plant,  we  shall  succeed. 

Now,  this  is  largely  a  question  of  expert  evidence. 

We  already  have  Prof.  Chandler  to  consider  -the  question 
of  the  analogies  between  gas  and  water  distribution  and  the  distri¬ 
bution  of  electricity,  and  he  will,  doubtless,  deal  with  that 
branch  of  the  case  as  satisfactorily  as  anyone  could  possibly  do 

Upon  the  similarity  of  electro-plating  distribution  to 
the  "Feeder"  invention,  I  desire  Mr.  Edison's  own  personal  and 
careful  examination,  and  should  be  glad  to  have  a  written  report 
from  him  of  his  opinion  upon  that  branch  of  the  case,  and  his  rea¬ 
sons  in  detail  for  any  opinion  he  may  express. 

It  will  be  very  important,  also,  to  have  some  expert,  who 
has  made  a  special  study  of  electro-plating,  as  well  as  electric- 
limiting,  to  testify  for  us  on  this  branch  of  the  case. 

A  few  days  since  I  suggested  to  you  the  name  of  Mr. 

Bdward  Weston,  and,  if  he  is  willing  to  act,  nobody  could  be  more 
competent  or  speak  with  more  foroe. 

I  have  not  yet  heard  fron  him 


upon  the  subj  eot. 

Mr.  Dyer,  who  could  approach  him,  X  think,  better  than 
anyone  else  on  our  side  of  the  case,  is  to  endeavor  to  seoure  his 

I  propose,  with  your  ooneurrenoe,  as  soon  as  I  hear  from 
Mr.  Edison,  to  send  a  copy  of  President  Morton's  deposition  to  Sir 
William  Thanson,  and  take  his  opinion  upon  the  sufficiency  or  in¬ 
sufficiency  of  the  reference  principally  relied  upon  by  President 

X  think  it  very  important  that  we  should  have  an  opinion 
from  Mr.  Edison  as  early  as  possible,  to  guide  us  in  the  future  cor 
duct  of  th e  case. 

Yours  truly, 

Frederic  H.  Betts. 

faw  /A 

Tlios.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

"Llewellyn  Park, 

Room  #82,  Bullitt  Building, 

Philadelphia,  August  13,  1890 



-1U ^  * 

\j  o-  ■ 

Orange,  N.  J.(  ^ 
My  dear  Mr.  Edison:-  |^0'\ 


,-J . IVj-.C, 

G  ■  f  .-it?  M  <*• 

£>  *■■  '  i'-' '"  ‘  .  _y*  ,  !•  .A 

G^-C^Jw  -J  ^(T°^-r 

If  it  is  not  taxing  your  memory  to  too 

great  an  extent,  you  will  probably  ] 
interested  with  me,  in  a  couple  of  extremely  valuable  patents  in 
the  art  of  lighting  Railway  trains  by  electricity. 

Some  time  ago,  I  called  on  you  in  reference  to  the  matter  of 
malting  some  sort  of  disposition  of  the  same,  and  you  told  me  to 
do  nothing  further  at  the  time,  for  the  reason  that  you  thought 
you  would  probably  take  up  the  question  later  yourself. 

I  now  write  you  for  the  purpose  of  asking  whether  we  cannot 
make  some  disposition  of  these  patents  to  the  "Edison  General 
■  Electric  Co.,"  unless  you  purpose  to  keep  them  yourself;  in  which 
case,  I  would  be  very  glad  if  you  would  take  my  interest,  or  hold¬ 
ing  in  the  same,  jrt  case  you  do  not  wish  to  hold  it,  do  you  not 
think  v/e  could  make  some  sort  of  disposition  of  them  to  the  Edison 
Company,  as  above  named? 

Hoping  you  will  favor  me  with  an  early  reply,  I  remain, 
r~\  (‘A  i  «  by  Yours  very  truly, 

L-  <-  ^ 




DYER  i.StfELY. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  sir,- 

...  f"' 

In  your  application  772  on  induction  converters, 
filed  May  21,  1888,  several  claims  stand  rejected  on  patent  to 
Jehl,  No.  379,073,  March  6,  1888,  application  filed  February  25, 
1887,  and  before  we  amend  by  erasing  the  rejected  claims  we  desire 
to  know  whether  you  have  evidence  showing  that  you  made  the  in¬ 
vention  prior  to  his  date  of  filing,  that  is,  February  25,  1887? 

If  you  have  such  evidence  we  will  prepare  an  affidavit  and  ante¬ 
date  the  reference.  In  that  case  an  interference  will  probably 
be  necessary. 

The  invention  covered  in  your  application  is  an 
induction  converter  or  transformer  designed  to  be  used  with  con¬ 
tinuous  currents,  and  consists  of  stationary  armature  coils,  a 
separate  stationary  field  magnet,  and  a  commutator  for  shifting  the 
poles  of  said  field  magnet.  The  claims  which  cover  this  con¬ 
struction  broadly  are  rejected  on  the  patent  above  referred  to. 

Five  claims  in  the  application,  however,  are  allowed,  but  these 
claims  are  limited  to  a  stationary  armature  having  two  sets  of 


We  must  amend  the  application  within  seven  weeks 
in  order  to  prevent  abandonment,  and  we  should  be  obliged  if  you 
would  give  us  an  darly  reply. 

Very  respectfully  youTB, 




Bullitt  Building, 

\T  C  in  Philadelphia,  August  22,  1890. 


inst.,  in  refer- 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J.  ^  ^  ,,/i 

Dear  Mr.  Edison,-  ( .LcJ^C -V  „ 

Aiisv/erii^^u^r^  21st. 

ence  to  the  matter  of  sale  ofpatgnts *in  the  aft  of  lighting  rail¬ 
way  trains  by  electricity,  I  desire  to  state  that  I  was  not  aware 
of  the  fact  that  you  had  offered  these  for  sale  to  the  "Edison 
General  Company."  I  know  that  some  time  ago,  when  Mr.  Johnson  was 
President  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company,  the  matter  was  ' 
brought  up,  but  since  then  I  did  not  think  anything  had  been  done. 

I  have  no  purchaser  for  them  at  the  present  time,  and  do  not 
know  as  I  could  find  one,  but  you  will. recall  some  time  ago  I 
visited  you  for  the  purpose  of  making  arrangements  whereby  I  could 
sell  the  patents,  and  you  told  me  that  I  could  sell  one,  but  not 
the  other,  as  you  proposed  to  go  ahead  and  do  some  work  in  that ' 
direction  yourself,  and  as  a  consequence  could  not  sell  them  sepa¬ 

Do  you  not  think,  in  view  of  the  fact  that  now, since  the 
Edison  Company  are  in  very  general  line  of  business,  they  could 

in  a  position  that  they  could  afford  to  own  them  to  much  better 


“T.  A.  E.,  -  4% 

advantage  than  we? 

In  so  far  as  I  am  concerned  personally,  I  am  willing  to  lot  go 
my  holding  for  comparatively  a  very  small  consideration,  and  wish 
that  you  would  think  the  matter  over  and  see  if  you  cannot  find 
some  way  of  disposing  of  the  same. 

If  not  troubling  you  to  too  groat  an  extent,  will  you  kindly 
let  me  hear  from  you  as  to  what  you  think  might  be  done,  and 
obi ige , 

Very  truly  yours. 





/■<}(?  iM'/Wf, '(.(/w ((/?/(  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

<Sj£u>  J/or/y  Alg* 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.,  V  ^ 

Orange,  N«  J*  v 

Dear  Sir  :- 

t*  i 

Re  Feeder  suit. 

Will  you  please  name  the  earliest  day  when  I  may  come  to 
the  laboratory  and  have  a  short  consultation  with  you  regarding 
thi 8  matter.  Ur.  Betts  desires  very  mueh  to  have  a  consultation 
with  you,  but  in  advance  of  your  doing  so,  thinks  it  may  save  and 
economise  time  by  my  seeing  you  and  obtain  from  you  certain  of 
your  general  ispressions  regarding  the  papers  which  have  been  laid 
before  you*  viz  :  copies  of  letters  of  Frederic  H.  Betts  Esq, 
and  Messrs*  Ashurst,  Morris,  Oriep  A  Go.,  and  the  deposition  of 
Professor  Morton. 

Yours  truly,  / 



/I  LAW 

Thomas  A.  EdiBon  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

/  /*"  ft  i 

?'&*"*■  '  s ?0/f 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison, - 

With  respect  to  your  case  No.  418,  in 
which  you  recollect  we  described  the  specific  instance-  of  treating 
aluminium  chloride,  the  patent  office,  among  other  objections,  makes 
the  following  one: 

"This  claim  is  further  rejected  as  inoperative 
since  aluminium  chloride  is  a  non-conductor'  of  elec¬ 
tricity  (See  Chemiker  Zeitung  1887  page  934)  -  And, 
further,  in  the  apparatus  shown,  the  chlorine  liberated 
would  combine  with  the  aluminium  set  free  at  the 
cathode  and  re-form  aluminium  chloride  (See  British 
patent  7,858,  June  29,  1885)" 

How  does  this  objection  strike  you? 

YourSjjrery  truly, 

L^J  (xLdU 

...  ^ 



LS^Vae/fVCfsT/izu.unku  LE  BL 

■yj^cu;  &c'rdy_ 

Dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

A n  arrangement  has  been  made  over  the  telephone 
with  Mr.  Edison  for  him  to  meet  Mr.  Betts  and  myself  at  the  labo¬ 
ratory  next  Monday  evening  for  the  purpose  of  a  discussion  in  the 
Feeder  case.  .  Mr.  Betts  has  an  appointment  in  Rochester  which 
might  take  him  away  from  hero  Monday  evening,  but  he  will  stay  here 
provided  it  is  certain  that  Mr.  Edison  will  see  us  Monday  evening. 
Will  you  kindly  bear  this  in  mind  and  letme  know  by  telephone 
or  otherwise  either  on  Saturday  or  on  Monday  forenoon- whether  Mr. 
Edison  will  certainly  see  un  Monday  evening  at  the  Laboratory. 

He  telephoned  from  Schenectady  that  he  would  do  so,  tut  it  occurs 
to  me  that  possibly  something  may  happen  to  cause  him  to  change 
his  mind. 

Will  you  kindly  bring  this  to  Mr.  Edison's  attention 
as  soon  as  he  returns,  and  let  me  know  the  result,  and  oblige, 

^0  ‘ 

lucZC  0^6  7%-*^:'  ~z£Lc  -. 


t/  tjA/SbC  <=*.  c'j-jZs^  '7%L<i  (? 

t  fisv^nn^J-  Jf.  tf.  ^  a4~ 

'jfylAA-+_^l  c/x^  0-*^j  - 



Zta/s  C  y/r  cao 


T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir  s0?. 

Re  Patent  Litigation.  / 

Your  valuable  mem.  of  yesterday' on  patents  and  pending 
applications,  with  suggestions  about  suits,  is  just  at  hand.  I 
shall  bring  it  before  the  Patent  Litigation  Committee  at  their 
next  meeting  early  next  week.  It  is  a  very  important  document, 
and  your  suggestions  are  very  welcome  just  at  this  moment.  If 
the  committee  will  authorize  me;  to  go  to  the  necessary  eoqoense, 

I  shall  tak e  up  all  of  the  suggestions  contained  in  your  mem.,  and 
give  them  vigorous  atten^iorj/ 

Thanking  you  fjor/the  trouble  you  have  taken  in  going 
through  this  matter  so  thoroughly  and  promptly,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours. 



■yj/cuj  Oot.  3rd.. 1890. 

J.  . X 


T.  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  {'fg'l \jEL- 

Dear  Sir:-  . 


fc$£zrv^r A  y 

i  Expiration  of  Foreign  Patents.  Referrinj 
to  my  letter  to  you  of  July  29th.,  1890,  annexed  hereto,  and  to1 
your  comments  thereon  made  in  pencil,  and  to  Mr.  Simpson's  mem. 
of  Mr.  Dyer's  views,  also  annexed  thereto:,  please  let  me  ask  you 
the  following  question: - 

Is"  it  worth  while  to  keep  the  foreign  bamboo  patentalive? 
It  would  cost  perhaps  $50.,  at  least.  Mr.  Dyer  thinks  that  as 
nobody  uses  the  bamboo  to  much  extent,  andaa  other  available  sub¬ 
stances  are  equally  good, it  is  not  worth  while  to  spend  any  money 
on  this  patent. 

Shall  we  keep  the  foreign  bamboo  patent  alive?  Kindly 
return  these  papers  at  your  early  convenience,  and  oblige, 

«-  /-,-s  <b  (' 

„  /•i>v  •-'" 

My  dsar  Mr.  Sttson.- 

I  «a*I»s*  tha  (HiifiMtiM  Ml  tha  last  lam  of 
MgiMtis  baiting,  tha  graving,  Shiah  will  bo  aodo  from  your 
akatchas,  la  in  tha  hand*  *f  tha  graftnaaa.  Plsasa  aign  tha 
apaolfiastian  and  hava  Johnny  fix  up  tha  oath  and  roturn  it  to  as. 

X  amt  m  *•«**  tha  bast  draftman  thara  is 

in  *aw  York  or  aaywhto*  slaw  on  ftttant  Offlsa  work  to  «fca  tha 
drawing  for  your  am  WM1  fWflS«r«»h. 




-0o_t-._7-th  ,.189.0 . 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Re  Filament  Case.  The  defendant  has  served  us  with 
notice  that  they  will  ash  the  Court  o  Friday  to  allow  them  to 
amend  their  answer,  and  to  give  them  time  to  take  proofs  on  new 

Annexed  to  the  notice  is  an  affidavit  of  Dr.  Adams,  of 
Boston,  famous  in  nickel  plating.  Ke  swears  that  in  1865  he  made 
a  lamp  just  like  the  Edison  lamp  we  are  now  suing  on  andrthere 
was  also  annexed  the  affidavits  of  two  witnesses  who  saw  it  at  that 

Dr.  Adams  further  swears  that  he  took  this  lamp  to 
France  about  1868  or  1869  and  showed  it  to  a  French  electrician 
who  burned  it.. 

The  defendant  asks  permission  to  set  Lip  this  early 
anticipation  of  Mr.  Edison's  invention.  They  also  want  time  to 
examine  Dr.  Adams  and  his  two  corroborative  witnesses.  No  doubt 
they  will  also  ask  time  to  examine  the  French  electrician  by  means 
of  a  commission  . 

The  hearing  of  defendant's  motion  asking  the  Court  o 
order  ius  to  produce  your  earlier  application,  was  to  be  heard  to¬ 

All  of  our  Counsel  in  the  Filament  Case  had  a  consul¬ 
tation  aboxit  it  and  other  mat ters  on  Friday.  We  shall  now  be 
obliged  to  have  another  conference  on  Friday.  We  shall  now  be 
obliged  to  have  another  conference  in  view  of  this  new  motion  to 
amend  the  pleadings  and  take  further  testimony. 

If  this  new  step  does  not  hurt  otherwise,  it  will 
possibly  cause  delay. 

Very  truly  yours. 

-  fiy  «- 




. mo. 

DOUP  »ir,- 

la  there  any  vtoaon  ehy  year  Kosslan 
patent  on  the  toy  phonograph  Should  not  be  aaelgned  to  tha  Idiaon 
Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  OonpenyT 

It  will  probably  be  neeeaeary  to  «o  thiein  order  ts 
obtain  the  patent,  einee  the  ltnaaian  Patent  Offite  holds  that  the 
invention  is  npt  substantially  different  froai  that  in  acne  earlier 
applications  of  Dr.  Jaegaes  shiflh  belong  tp  the  Toy  Manafheturing 
company,  and  the  Raaelan  la*  la,  that  if  tao  persona  apply  for 
patents  on  the  aaaw  thing,  no  patent  vilt  ha  granted  to  either  of 
than.  We  are  adviaod,  however,  that  if  ail  the  applleationa  be¬ 
long  to  the  ohm  party,  all  tha  patents  will  probably  Jbe  granted; 

m  yott  to  the  Phonograph  Toy  Company  vonld  ^ 

Ht^o  ty&f} 



”  '"'M  new  York .  B*t.  9-1800. . 

A.  0.  Teto  Ilf, 



Bwr  8ir:- 

*»r.  A.  B.  Pick  retiree  mtsmm  info  Motion  to  Ibraioh 

hin  laato*  Agent  who  too  boon  on#*  by  Sueoate  to  reotmin  tbo  ln- 

Of  /bcU^Zi^r 

Mngtemiyty  the  ««lo  of  the*tote*re|»kujn  the  g*4  brought  by 
Sueoeto  ogolnot  tho  Xtedoo  Asent.ene-  0.  A.  taltb  j^oetifiod  to 
horliic  loft  o  no  tel  of  tbo  taeoteo  taMmtuo  o*4  yen  to  bo  submit¬ 
ted  to  Mr.Bdioon.  Have  you  thio  motel, or  if/net  te  you  know  where 
tt  iof  /  j 

**’  that  ho  hoi  *  oteYortteior  with  jou 

•bout  tuo  natter  >OMtiml  90  ahd  **t/W  *°1  ditto  that  Zueoato 

*4-  mw*L 

#lAtoU  1-11  *»•*•*»•  *^*«*t//Mr.iA|ite  rolled  that  bo 

*WU  te  tbo  temoofTteb  to*  beW.*A  ter.  toft  no  eeneidor.d  tbo 
*tetet«  afftentuo  on  tefitngtetet  *  toft  yon  tamm  te  Oith  •  eapy 
*  «•  ««*•*»•»••  **«*  MNWM|«b  toie  |b- 
retention*  «>*  botey  «te  it  to  tbo  toUt  itootot  by  oteoter  tet- 

\  sr~tjp 

'  ®-7  8^’  //^ 9a 

Wtot  tMtty, 




4s*'  * 



‘  ?"  7  4  " 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Re  Motion  on  Adams  Anticipation  in  Filament  Case. 

The  Judge  has  allowed  them  two  weeks  to  take  the  testimony  of 
Adams  and  his  two  corroborating  affiants.  If  they  wish  to  examine 
any. other  witnesses  the  Judge  directs  that  they  be  examined  in  this 
city  also  within  the  two  weeks.  Thus  you  see  they  have  not 
succeeded  as  yet  in  getting  much  delay.  After  we  see  what  their 
witnesses  swear  to  we  shall  have  to  decide  how  much  time  we  require 
to  introduce  rebutting  testimony. 

Very  truly 

Thomas  A. Edison,  Eqq. 


—  for 


October  ISth,  1890. 




NEW  YORK  FILAMENT  SUIT.  ,  Since  .my  last' Mem.,  July  30th,  un¬ 
ceasing  work  has  been,  done  in'  this  case.  Our  expert,  Mr.  Clarke,  has 
been' under  cross  examination'  for  eleven- consecutive  weeks,  every  day  in1 
the  week  and  all  day,  and  they  are.  not  yet  through  with  him.  My  own' 
testimony  has  also  been  taken  touching  certain  old  matters.  At  a  re¬ 
cent  consultation  to  see  if  we  could  not  compel  the  defendant  to  close 
its  cross  examination  of  Mr.  Clarke,  the  opinion  reached  by  all  our 
Counsel  was  that  our  best  course  was  to  do  nothing  except  to  serve  notice 
on  defendant  that  at  the  opening  of  the  October  Term,  the  SOth  inst.  we 
should  ask  the  Court  to  get- the  case  down  for  argument  at  a  near  date. 
That  notice  has  been  served. 

The  defendant  has  also  just  served  on  us  notice  of  a  motion  for 
permission  to  amend  their  pleadings  and  for  time  to  take  evidence  on  a 
nBw  branch  of  the  case  now  introduced  by  them,  as  follows:  Dr.  Adams, 
a  nickel  plate  specialist  of  Boston,  swears  that  about  25-:years  ago  he 
made  an'  inoandesoent  lamp  sim